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378 -OS 


3975 a 

Vols. I - 5 
J>ec. 1931 - 








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Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2011 with funding from 

LYRASIS IVIembers and Sloan Foundation 






Volume I Number i 

^tDC£t 15nat 3lumnac foetus 

Editor — Vivien.xe Barkalow Breckenridge. '18 

Table of Contents 

Foreword — 2 

Editorials 3 

Ox A Change of Style — 4 

Sweet Brl\r Day — 5 

President Glass' Chapel Talks on Worship 7 

Alumnae Funds 12 

A .\ew Basis of Institutional Loyalty 17 

Sweet Briar from the Air 18 

Olr Selective Admissions 19 

Whither Modern Learning 23 

From Voir Treasurer 24 

A Prediction from the University of Chicago 24 

The Lnited States and the World Court 25 

The Boxwood Circle at Sweet Briar 36 

Dance Program 37 

Campus Life 38 

Christmas and the Alumnae Office 41 

Class Personals _ 42 


Application for entr>' as second class matter is pending 

rfi err 



THE Sweet Briar Alumnae Association takes 
great pleasure in welcoming the adver- 
tisers in this, our first issue to carry " ads." Will 
you help us, our advertisers, and yourselves, by 
purchasing whenever possible, through the firms 
advertising with us ? 


Small Colleges 

WAS it not highly gratifying that 
President Hoover and a group of 
authorities on education recently 
appealed to the nation for increased sup- 
port for the six hundred small liberal arts 
colleges of the land? Those of you who 
heard the speakers over the radio must have 
felt that Sweet Briar was surely among 
those numbered. It was encouraging to 
have recognition from these men that ef- 
ficiencv does not necessarily lie in bigness, 
nor inefficiency in smallness, that the small 
liberal arts college is doing a service in 
maintaining fine traditions and equalizing 
cultural opportunities. These speakers 
voiced the danger that the small colleges 
are being overlooked by wealthy men in- 
clined to be philanthropic while millions 
are piled upon millions already possessed 
by the great universities. 

President Hoover said: 

"I am glad to express appreciation of 
the service of the liberal arts college, that 
is, the small college. I do this the more 
freely because of the more than six hun- 
dred such institutions in our land, most of 
them have little, if any, endowment or 
state support. In these times of trends 
toward larger units the difficulties of the 
unsupported small college multiply, which 
make their successful operations less hope- 
ful, and. in iiiaiiv cases, a desperate strug- 

"The importaiil place which these insti- 
tutions hold in our system of education 
renders their sujiport of the utmost im- 
portance. \\ luilever be tiie magnificent 
services of liie larger and highh special- 
ized universities the liberal arts college 
places an emphasis upon personal contacts 
of teacher and sludenl which render them 
a vital pari of onr rdiicalidiial s\stcm. 

"A primary purpose of education is a 
product of high character and noble ideals, 
which regard moral and spiritual qualities 
superior to mere material things, without 
which anv purelv economic system would 

"Throughout our history these colleges 
have been and are now the seed beds of 
leadership. They have contributed a large 
part to the presence in our land of nearly 
two million college trained men and wom- 
en. Theirs is a great honor roll of men 
and women in our nation. The finest tra- 
ditions of our country are rooted in their 
associations and their inspiration. 

"The disadvantage of the small college 
is obvious. The dramatic element in edu- 
cation does not play a great part in its 
activities. It must remain content with 
the character of service it renders to the 
individual man and woman and to the pub- 
lic weal. In the last analysis the chief 
service to higher education in our country 
must rest not with the few highly endowed 
universities but, in large degree, with the 
more than six hundred smaller colleges for 
whose future welfare I am now speaking. 

"It is through them that each state and 
section must maintain ample cultural op- 
portunities for the youth within reasonable 
distance from their homes and in circum- 
stances fitted to the needs of each com- 
munit\ and its people. 

"That service for the \outh is a guarantee 
iif c(|nalil\ of cultural opportunilv and 
a bulwark for the spiritual life of the 
generation in which our children will have 
to live, a ser\iie which I >incerelv com- 

\\ r h(i|if that many ears were open to ihc 
|ilca llial came from ihc White House. 

Sweet Briar College 

Your Obligations as Readers 

YOLR Altimnae office announces with 
the greatest pride and keenest in- 
terest the new policy of its alumnae 
publications. The November Bulletin 
gave you a sample of the change in 
size, type, and style, but this issue 
gives to you further details of the 
radical changes, ^ou may have noticed 
our own mailing permit as announced on 
the title page. If not, it says that you will 
have an Alumnae News sent to you in 
March, June, September, and December. 
This will give vou two more numbers than 
before. The June number will enable you 
to have commencement news almost before 
the campus is cleared of students and 
before those of you who have returned 
for reunions have arrived back home. The 
December number will bring you news of 
plans for Sweet Briar Day, together with 
additional campus news and feature arti- 
cles. Another new feature that you will 
notice at once is advertisements. We wel- 
come this contact with the business world. 
Your Editor fully recognizes her obliga- 
tion to give college news in a pithy, concise 
way and to represent alumnae opinion and 
aspirations. We want it worthy of dis- 

cussion. We intend to give the Alumnae 
News character and personality. Even ad- 
verse criticism is better than apathy; a 
publication that is not talked about is dead. 
It is our ambition to present to you. four 
times a year, thoughtful discussion of our 
college affairs as an educational institution, 
news of the campus life together with 
special articles covering subjects of com- 
mon interest to all alumnae. Always there 
will be the Class Personals. Pictures and 
illustrations will be used just as much as 
our limited funds allow. 

Naturally in an alumnae body the size 
of Sweet Briar's there will be many differ- 
ent opinions and tastes. We should like 
to have them all. There are bound to be 
constructive ideas among the older alum- 
nae who are so solid in their support of 
the college, and among the younger al- 
umnae who are so enthusiastic and lately 
familiar with its conditions. We urge the 
thoughtful attention of all who read this 
to our plea for assistance. Let us have 
the benefit of your opinion. We cannot 
imagine it, so we ask vou to write to the 
Editor and tell her. 

On a Change of Style in the Alumnae News 

(With apologies to Lewis Carroll and 
Christopher Morley) 

That perennial source 

of rh)Tnes "tour de force" 

which Alice first scanned 

in her quaint Wonderland 

is open to all 

on any bookstall. 

Then I may do "porely" 

what Christopher Morley 

has said in a terse 

and elegant verse 

''a la" Lewis Carroll. 

And, with similes 

drawn from our wearing apparel 

will ask you to note 

that, like last winter's coat. 

or, as Fashion said "Scat!" 

To the Eugenie hat, 

we are leaving the style 

that our book bore erstwhile. 

Please notice, "old grads," 

The national ads. 

We're broadening the gauge 

of the line and the page. 

We must say, bye-the-bye 

that in smiting our lyre 

with this cord from Sweet Briar, 

we'll remind that contents 

(a slight shift in accents) 

still depend on events, 

which you must supply. 

—Mary Pinkerion Kerr, '1.3. 

Alumnae News 

Sweet Briar Day 

SWEET Briar Day falls this year on 
Monday, December 28 and will be 
observed in a greater number of cities 
than ever before. If you are in a commun- 
ity where there has never been a meeting 
on tliis day, take it upon yourself to plan 
one, letting this office know what arrange- 
ments are being made. 

Just as according to frequent newspa- 
per comment, the farmers probably won't 
get anywhere until they organize and co- 
operate better, so will our alumnae fail 
to attain the recognition and the reputa- 
tion really due them until they get to- 
gether in greater numbers in the Alumnae 
Association. Sweet Briar Day gives to you 
this opportunity. 

Of course the two cases are not exactly 
parallel: there is no intention here of 
claiming that the economic salvation of our 
alumnae must or could come through the 

Alumnae Association. But there is another 
salvation — the salvation of recognition and 

Our alumnae have a good standing out 
in the world as compared with the alumnae 
of other colleges and universities, and tliis 
standing will improve with time. We are 
not 295 years old, as is Harvard, or 230 
years old, as is Yale, or 177 years old, as 
is Columbia. Time still has a lot to do for 

But time alone will not bring to pass all 
we should like to see come to our college 
and to our alumnae. Our president alone 
cannot bring it. But time, our president, 
the trustees, faculty, students — and all you 
alumnae joining with us in the Alumnae 
Association — all of us working together — 
form a union in which lies our strength 
and our salvation. Give your personal sup- 
port bv attending Sweet Briar Day! 

Tentative Plans for the Meetings on Sweet Briar Day are in the Hands 

of the following : 

Weaver. Rosalie — 2225 Ridge Park Avenue 
Ross. Mrs. T. M.— Ashland Place 
Hill, Mrs. Wiley C— 1103 South Court Street 

Albers, Eleanor — 900 North 12th Street 
Reaves, Lucy — 1904 Battery Street 

4445 Santa Monica Avenue, 







Fort Smith 
Little Rock 


Los Angeles 
San Diego 



Distriil of 

// iishingtnn 











Iowa ) Tri'City 

1 Oavcnptu'l. 
\Iolinc. and 
Kock Island. Illinois 




New Orleans 

Hardie. Mrs. Edward- 
Ocean Beach 

Dunleavy, Helen — 767 \\ iHi 


Saunders, Elizabeth — 4523 Kingle Street 

Holmes. Mrs. James D., Jr. — 2214 Herschell Street 
Taliaferro, Mrs. William — 307 Hyde Park Avenue 

Hodnelt. Marguerite — 743 Piedmont, N. E. 
Craighill, Mar\— 117 East 34th Street 
Grover, Mrs. Thomas D. — 51 Arlington Place 

Lulz. Louise — 1461 East .56tli Street 

Gorr.-ll. Mrs. E. S.— 1639 North Delaware Street 

\\ liiir. Margaret — The Lindens. Rock Island 

Castner, Mrs. Charles H. — 1463 Si. James Court 

Brown. Mrs. E. C— 1514 Nashville Avenue 
Pevlon. Kalherine — 600 .Sloner Avenue 

Sweet Briar College 



Twin City 

New York 

Boston and 
nearby cities 
St. Paul 
\ icksburg 
Kansas City 

New York Club 
(includes Northern 
New Jersey I 

North Carolina Asheville 

\\ ilmington 



South Carolina 

South Dakota 



West Virginia 








\^ ilkes-Barre 










Fort \^'orth 



San Antonio 












W heeling 



Rich, Mary — "Richland". Catonsville 
Shulenberger, Catherine — 434 \ irginia Avenue 

Paddock. Dorothea — 121 Raymond Street 
Prentis, Lindsay — 703 Park Avenue 
Harrison, Frances — 2525 East 2nd Street 

Child, Mrs. Lewis — 2024 Grand Avenue. Minneapolis 

Young. Elizabeth — 1334 Baum Street 

Reid, Josephine — 6207 Verona Road 

Lewis, Gertrude — 186 Linwood Avenue 

Lambert. Mrs. Eanon Procter — 430 Park Avenue 

Graham, Mrs. Lawrence Bruce — Dorchester Road, East 

Aurora, New \ork 

Hodd, Mrs. Frank, Jr. — 35 Reardon Street 

Lee. Mrs. W. S.. Jr. — 2601 Sherwood Avenue Myers 


Tandy, Mrs. George W. — 117 West Seeman Street 

Hoover, Mrs. Jack — 1319 Mordecia Drive 

Stevenson, Elizabeth — 311 South 3rd Street 

Schwab. Mrs. Herbert C. — 678 North Crescent Avenue, 


Jewitt, i\lrs. Homer — 2680 'West Park Boulevard, Shaker 


Anderson. Gertrude — 22 East Sandusky Street 

Payne. Pauline — 233 Kevin Place 

Posey, Margaret— R. F. D. No. 5 

Keller, Dorothy — 125 South Lexington Avenue 

Krauter, ;\Irs. Harn- — 1008 Clinton Street 

Ferenback, !Mrs. Gregon — 103 Butler Street. Kingston 

Maybank. Ann — 68 Meeting Street 

Phillips, Ella Parr — 909 Sumter Street 

McGee, Mrs. Thomas 0. — 561 West Main Street 

Milligan, Muriel — 519 South Kline Street 

Westcott. Mary Frances — 714 Oak Street 

Phillips. Elizabeth — 1766 Harbert Avenue 

Nokes, ]Mrs. John >L — Ambassador Apts. 

Nalle. Virginia — 1700 San Gabriel 

Burgher. Mrs. Ballard~4001 Turtle Creek 

Carter, ]SIrs. Clifton M.— 1801-2 Fair Building 

Baker, Mrs. James Addison, Jr. — 1216 Bissonet Av;nue 

Norment. Mrs. Edward D. — 168 South Church Street 

Vaughn. Mrs. Curtis— P. 0. Box 1126 

Lewis, Anne 

Fishburne, Lucy — Locust Grove 

Conway, Ann 

Miller, Lucy Harrison — Oakland Place 

Rickards, Mrs. Everingham — North Point Shore 

Fitchett, Susan 

Brooke, Sue — 1524 Park Avenue 

Halcomb. Mrs. Grover C. — 972 LaBurnum Avenue, Lee 

Hy Court 

Sproul, Agnes 

Pitcher. Mrs. Albert — Vireinia Street 

McMahon. Helen— Park Hill 

Reed, Mrs. Carroll William — Pleasant Valley 

Hartshorn. Mrs. Theodore — 3213 North Marietta Avenue 

Gunther. Mrs. Otto — 46 Lighthouse Court 

Alumnae News 

President Glass' Chapel Talks on Worship 

PRESIDENT Glass began, on October 
20. a series of talks on "Worship." 
These were so inspiring that they are 
reprinted here in order that the alumnae 
may share with the students the helpfulness 
of Miss Glass' analysis. 

The first talk dealt with the "Essence 
and Function of \^'orship. " Her remarks 
were as follows: 

"In Dr. Mary Lyman's book on the 
fourth Gospel she quotes. "There lies at the 
heart of all religion the belief that the soul 
of man can somehow unite itself with the 
substance of the universe.' That sentence 
points us to the function of worship. It 
is the human effort to unite the soul with 
God. Its function is two-fold: first, to 
cultivate the approaches whereby our souls 
can reach God: second, to give the joy that 
release of feeling and thought into ade- 
quate expression produces. If we can unite 
ourselves with God we are, on our best side, 
of material homogeneous with God, and 
so the joy that we experience in the ade- 
quate expression of our feelings we can 
fairly infer to be joy acceptable to God. 
Hence we speak of pleasing God by 
prayer and praise. You know the sense 
of satisfaction when you have phrased 
something just as it should be: you know 
the satisfaction of a spontaneous whirl of 
dance when vou know no other wav to say 
what is in you: you know, alas, the relief, 
before the shame follows it. of giving way 
to anger or irritation, and the desire to tell 
someone vou love her because it seems in- 
evitable that she should know it. A vivid 
sense of enlightenment about God. rever- 
ence for Him. love of Him must naturally 
burst forth into some expression, and that 
expression is worship. This side of wor- 
ship is so natural that we do not cultivate 
it — we succumli to it. This is the adoring 
spirit that makes Thomas a Kempis say — 
"Behold in Thee is the whole sum which 
I can or ou-»ht to desire. Thou art my sal- 
vation and redemption, my hope and 
courage, my honor and my glory. There- 
fore make glad today the soul of Thy 
serv;int since to Thee. Lord Jesus, iiave I 

lifted up my soul." But I cannot think 
that even Thomas a Kempis was capable of 
that height of worship when first he thought 
upon God, and certainly for most of us 
such moments of sincere exaltation are 
rare, though inescapable. 

"Thus the side of worship that consists 
in cultivating our approaches to God must 
occupy much of our thought if we are 
ever to comprehend and attain spontan- 
eous worship. Perhaps to distinguish the 
three stages in worship will put us in bet- 
ter position to know how to go about culti- 
vating it. It is an art and takes the time 
and effort that an art always takes to be 
acquired. Professor Wieman in his 
'Wrestle of Religion with Truth' distin- 
guishes these three — (ll Exposure. This 
is giving ourselves a time exposure to God. 
( 2 1 Diagnosis. This is the finding out 
what in ourselves is in harmonv or in con- 
flict with the possibilities recognized in hu- 
man beings by this exposure to God. (3) 
Reconstruction. This is strengthening by 
recognition our habits that are in harmony 
with the revelation of the divine we have 
seen, and reforming the habits that are in 
conflict. You remember how I am al- 
ways quoting Professor Seashore who says: 
'A good character is a system of refined 
and reliable habits.' God-like character is 
a system of God-like. Christ-like habits." 

The second talk developed the conception 
of the three above mentioned stages in 
"The Cultivation of worship" as follows: 
"What is meant by exposure to God and 
what is invoKed in it? The term exposure 
suggests photography, and the figure is a 
good one. Vk hen a camera is turned on a 
scene there before it are all the things that 
are in that scene, but not until the lens is 
focused do we get a picture. \^ e identify 
God with the great reality — He is every- 
where, in the ])hvsical world and in the 
happenings of our own lives. It is not that 
we need to summon God in our worship. 
We but need to focus ourselves on God 
to make the experience a jiicture. The 
necessity to excluile the non-perlinent 
things and focus ourselves brings the neces- 
sity in a definite effort at worship, of 

Sweet Brur College 

turning aside from the usual activities, hav- 
ing a time and a place — if neither time 
nor place remains the same twice consecu- 
tively — for turning oneself to thoughts of 

"Mr. Zabriskie gave us on Sunday a 
brief outline of what it seemed to him our 
conception of God must include. To rami- 
fy and realize the thoughts about God 
there indicated offers a means of exposure 
to God that would take a life time to ex- 
haust, during which everything that we 
come to know or feel or experience will 
add richness and significance. 

"Thought about God, life, Jesus, our 
brothers, the world, — this is the process 
that brings us to recognize the possibilities 
of our lives, and we must each have some 
conception of the possibilities of her life 
before we can diagnose the present state of 
it. And so we come to Professor Weiman's 
second point. We are by nature personal 
in our reactions. It is almost automatic 
for us when we are thinking of some one 
conception of God to see ourselves against 
that thought. Are we in harmony or are 
we in conflict with that concept? Do we 
measure well or ill against it? If we acted 
according to that conception what things 
would we do that we do not? Wliat things 
omit that we now do? How is it with 
us? What medicine do we need? What 
exercise? If the first step is truly taken 
and we have made vivid to ourselves the 
nature of God, now his beauty, now his 
power, now his love, now his constancy, 
the only thing that can hinder this second 
step is letting our minds jump the track 
and run off on other things, or a willful 
refusal to see ourselves against the thought 
of God because we do not want to face our 
present state. No worship of anything at 
any time is possible without honesty and 
for most of us no worship is possible with- 
out will-power and concentration. It is 
something to be achieved — and the third 
step concerns itself greatly with achieve- 

"Professor Weiman calls it reconstruc- 
tion. We have seen God and we have seen 
our own possibilities as the children of 
God and we have recognized where our di- 
vergence from Him lies. What shall we 
do about it? Real communion with God is 
so much an inflowing of His spirit, so 

much of the 'Breathe on me, Breath of 
God' that we might be tempted to think we 
can do nothing about it, but we really know 
that we must prepare the plate for the 
next exposure to God by remedying, so far 
so we can at this time, anything that mars 
the present picture. We have recognized 
a faulty spot, we know what would turn 
that spot into a perfect mediiun for His 
reflection. We must actively treat that 

"And here we come back to character 
that is a system of reliable habits. We must 
formulate a positive statement of what we 
must do, and by repetition, fixation, and 
repeated exercise of that quality build a 
habit of conformity to God and our divine 

"I particularly like this thought of 
building by habit-forming because it is 
this that ties our moments of worship into 
the activities of everyday life. This re-ad- 
justing of our personality is the preparing 
of the plate for each new exposure to God 
as we approach each new period of wor- 
ship, coming ever nearer by these adjust- 
ments to His likeness." 

In her third talk Miss Glass spoke on 
"Group Worship." After reading certain 
passages from the Book of Acts she called 
attention to the spontaneity and the contin- 
uousness with which the Apostles met to- 
gether to worship and to pray, and that we 
see in these references types of two kinds 
of group worship. "Not, of course, that 
worship at all, individual or group, begins 
its history with Jesus' disciples. It is older 
than the memory of man and as wide as 
the spread of conscious human beings, and 
it developed into an art to be achieved by 
practice as early, if not earlier, than any 
art we know. But we acknowledge our- 
selves as followers of Jesus, however im- 
perfectly we follow him, and so I choose 
an account of his early followers in their 
group worship instead of a group of wor- 
shippers of Isis. 

"In the first passage we see the informal 
group that turns to worship in the face of 
a problem, the problem of perpetuating 
the band and filling Judas' place. It is 
this kind of group worship that takes place 
when we open a meeting with prayer, or in 
the devotions of the Y. W. cabinet, or any 

Alumnae News 

small group where the sense of a corporate 
will and a corporate aspiration is compara- 
tively easy to attain. The great gain of 
such group worship is the sense of strength 
that comes from sharing plans and pur- 
poses, and sharing in a realization that it 
is possible to get God's help for the group 
and for its work. It puts the power of God 
into the enterprise. One thinks of the 
qualities of God that make these clumsy 
workers able to accomplish. One meas- 
ures oneself and the group, in ignorance 
of how to proceed against a vision of God's 
wisdom, in weakness against his sustained 
power, in indifference against his brooding 
love, and sets about reconstructing self and 
group by the cultivation of these qualities. 
When this really happens in a group that 
group has attained worship and there is no 
one who can doubt its worth. That it can 
and does happen we equally know, but we 
know too that it can fail to happen for any 
individual who cannot tune in and it can- 
not fail for a single individual without 
making the group worship just that much 
less complete. She has missed what she 
might have had and the group has missed 
that fraction of its power. 

"Even in so small a group held together 
by a common purpose we can see how 
heavy is the burden of the leader to find the 
right means of arousing in each individual 
the thoughts and impulses that will unite 
into such group worship, and it is not 
conceivable that even the most gifted 
should accomplish it without the active co- 
operation of the other members of the 
group. Clearly there is something to be 
striven for and it is only, perhaps, by ex- 
periencing real group worship that one is 
convinced how worth-while the striving is. 
Certainly it bears not much weight when 
one who has never succeeded in achieving 
it says, 'What's the use?.' 

"Now there is another form of group 
worship foreshadowed in the verses, "And 
the multitude of them that believed were 
of one heart and one soul.' Here we have 
the large group at the moment when they 
have achiexed this unit\. 'And ihev weie 
filled with the Holy (rliost." the preredins; 
verse states. Peter and John had come 
back to their own company after being dis- 
missed and charged not to teach again in 
the temple, and told them all that had licc-i 

said; and the group had lifted up their 
voices widi one accord and said, 'Lord, 
Thou art God. which hast made heaven and 
earth and the seas and all that in them 
is:' and they had prayed — 'Grant unto thy 
ser\'ants that v/ith all boldness they may 
speak thy word.' 

"If there was a multitude we can surely 
posit a group of diversified mood, back- 
ground, aims, will, such as we gather in 
for our more formal hours of worship. If 
we are to attain to a degree of corporate 
worship in our larger gatherings, formal, 
at a set time, we must recognize all this 
diversity of personalities and circumstances 
and look for corrunon bonds of broader 
hold than the unif)dng purpose of the 
small group. Too, we must give more 
time, more different appeals to turn the 
thoughts and the emotions of all the per- 
sons of the group into, not uniform, but 
harmonious experiences of worship, which 
result in corporal worship. Some find the 
music, some the sentences, some the things 
that are read, some the things that are said, 
enable them to realize worship, and we in- 
dividually must have a certain calm pa- 
tience with the things that may not attain 
for us but will for our neighbors. It is a 
true paradox that we must know the isola- 
tion that is ours in a crowd to alfaiu to the 
corporate worship that may be ours in a 
group. The worship is not complete until 
it has touched individuallv each person 
there, but it is most apt to do this on our 
side that has most in common with every- 
body else. 

"1 dare not say for another the best w'ay 
to achieve this but I can poini out Iiow a 
measure of success has been rrached for 
so many people that it is reasonalile to pre- 
suppose that it is good. Wi sing or talk of 
the nature ard the attributes of God — we 
expose ourselves to the Divine — we confess 
our own divergence from God's essence and 
God's will, we measure and dia'.'nose our- 
selves, we ask for grac3 in reconstructing 
ourselves — and then we do this in dillerent 
form again — I remember we are many and 
diversified I — ard however often it is done, 
pro\ ided we can control our thoughts on 
the nialtcr in linnd. we are arriving at new 
rich'os of coininu'ioi'. 

"I ha\r ncil >;ii(l anything of lornis and 
lilnruN lull I Iki\c said thiniis thai nu<j:ht 


Sweet Briar College 

to enable you to evaluate these for what 
they are worth. I am better able to get a 
personal realization of corporate worship 
under a form that 1 know well enough to 
vary my own content under it as the mood 
and circumstances may require, than I am 
in following a new thing on which I must 
concentrate and may find especially dif- 
ficult to make fit my need, but there is 
much to guard against in heedless follow- 
ing of liturgy and many a time the new- 
can capture and vivify thought immediate- 
ly. Remembering the aims, to realize per- 
sonally and to feel the kinship of the group 
by our own efforts — and nought is to be 
had without them — we can attain a kind 
and quality of worship together that is dif- 
ferent from what we can attain alone, and 
worth much in the familj- of God's chil- 

The fourth and last talk of the series was 
on "Private Worship," and ran thus: 

"I have spoken of private worship as the 
most difficult form of worship and I think 
its difficulty lies in the fact that a person 
must by his own wisdom and out of his 
own resources simimon the stimulus to 
worship: bring before his mind the attri- 
butes of God and the pictures of Jesus that 
he can at that stage of his experience and 
in the given circumtances think upon with 
vividness, sincerity and understanding; do 
for himself unaided by aught said or seen 
the diagnosis of self; and determine upon 
methods of self-reconstruction that will en- 
able him to erow into greater capability in 
practicing the presence of God. We can all 
think back to the time, and for some of us 
it is not so far back either, when our con- 
ception of our private worship was to 'sav 
our prayers' in the quite literal meaning 
of those words, or to pray even spontan- 
eously in the form of asking for things, or 
guidance or strength, and when that had 
been done our communion with God was at 
an end. That done reverently and in sin- 
cerity is certainly worship but I am in- 
clined to think that it is verily but the first 
step and hardly catches a gimpse. much 
less exhausts the possibilities, of personal 

"Of course private, personal ivjrship is 
the kind that one person dares least to tell 
another person how 'o do. Its ways are 
manifold and multitudinous and it can take 

all forms from prayer that is the soul's sin- 
cere desire miexpressed, to hours of medi- 
tation, logical reasoning, concentrated de- 
termination, outbursts of joy and praise, 
or a deep and silent welling-up of strength 
and peace in the heart. One may attain 
it anywhere, at any time, but that does not 
mean that it is not more easily attained 
under some circumstances than under 
others, and the circumstances most congen- 
ial to its achievement are quiet and ceclus- 
ion, at least in spirit if not in body. Con- 
ceivably you could talk over your and his 
most intimate concerns with your father 
in the Grand Central Station, but not many 
of you would find it easy to do. Con- 
ceivably, we could worship God in the 
hallway of Gray, but no one of us would 
find it easy. And if worship is to be the 
conscious cultivation of coming into ever 
better and more extensive contact with the 
great reality, with the power, beauty, and 
love of God. we all see that we must get 
what aid we can from outward quiet and 
inward peace for the control of our shift- 
ing and unstable minds. 

"When life has been rich with experience 
and a facility has been acquired in focus- 
ing one's thoughts on God, a person can 
doubtless summon by himself material that 
will serve to keep open communion be- 
tween himself and God. but certainly for us 
who have not attained to such a state, the 
experience of others, wiser explanations 
and elucidations than we are ourselves 
capable of. the compelling picture of the 
power of God say, in so vivid a form that 
we can see what it means to us in our own 
lives, will often, if not always, ha- e to be 
the starting point of our personal commun- 
ion. Of course this is not true, even in our 
cases, of our high, but all too few. mo- 
ments of insight and exaltation. We do be- 
come, however, more capable of such mo- 
ments the more we have cultivated com- 
munion, and even the saints who were great 
mystics seem never to have dispensed with 
any possible aids for their own worship. 
A quiet spot, self-control, something to 
start one's thoughts about God we need and 
then the measuring of ourself and the im- 
pulse toward the future and the determina- 
tion to make that impulse bear fruit and 
so establish itself. For us here at college 
quiet spots must be definitely sought in 
room, chapel, or the out-of-doors. Stim- 

Alumnae News 


ulation for our thoughts of God ought to 
be plentiful in the realm of ideas, in which 
we spend so much of our time, in poem, 
in book, in outdoor beauty, in public 
events, in the reactions of self and friends 
to daily life. These we can take and bj" 

controlled thought, and released emotions 
we can practice, if we will, ever closer 
communion with God, but our attainment 
of it will be no accident, onlv a steady 
mastery at a cost as great as that with 
which the musician buys his mastery. 

The President at Her Desk 


Sweet Brl\r College 

Alumnae Funds 

How to educate and why, is a ques- 
tion agitating many of our thinkers 
these days. One may read in the 
public prints almost anything he wants to 
about mass education, co-education, the 
inner college, the outer urge, the new free- 
dom, the old bondage. The radicals talk 
learnedly of the new education; the con- 
servatives say it's old stuff with new names. 

Uppermost, however, in the minds of a 
great number of Alumnae Associations to- 
day is the Alumnae Fund. Alumnae Secre- 
taries are constantly asking each other 
about the mechanical part of the Fund. Is 
it practical? Did it appeal to the majority 
of alumnae? And so on with the many 
questions that are of vital interest to every 
Alumnae Office. Perhaps in the rush and 
anxiety of obtaining this information for 
our respective offices we are prone to for- 
get the alumnae who are to make this Fund 
possible. Many of our own Sweet Briar 
alumnae have asked from time to time, 
"What is an Alumnae Fund?" The fol- 
lowing articles are reprinted that you may 
be well informed on die latest movement 
of Alumnae Organizations. They answer 
quite fully what an Alumnae Fund means 
to the colleges where they exist. These 
articles are, however, reprinted merely with 
the idea that always we want our own 
Sweet Briar girls to be abreast of the 
times and have some general knowledge of 
this subject that is the right of every 
"Alumnae Minded" person. 

The following article was presented by 
Miss Jennie Loyall, Alumnae Secretary of 
Wesleyan College, Macon, Georgia, at the 
conference of the American Alumni Coun- 
cil held last spring in Atlanta. 

The Alumni Fund is one of the newest 
and most highly favored movements in 
Alumni work. In 1923 there were six col- 
leges and universities with active funds, 
six with dormant ones and nine that were 
planning to begm funds. In 1925 at Yale 
University, twenty-five fund agents met to 
organize an association. In 1927 when 
they held a joint session at the University 
of North Carolina with the Association of 
Alumni Secretaries and Alumni Magazines 
to merge into one organization, the Asso- 

ciation of Alumni Funds was then a bodv 
of seventy-six members. Today eighty-nine 
members of the American Alumni Council 
hold type B membership, signifying that 
they are sponsoring alumni funds. Of 
these the \ ale Alumni fund is the mother 
of all, founded in 1890 and hence is forty 
years old: Cornell's fund is twenty-three 
years old; Dartmouth's sixteen; Columbia's 
ten, and Harvard's six. Michigan State has 
begun hers this year. Bowdoin has recei/t- 
ly discovered that as early as 1869 she had 
a fund which was quite successful for some 
years before its death. 

At the time of the merging of the three 
organizations in 1927 there were only five 
women's colleges who reported Alimmae 
Funds. They were Smith College whose 
fund was established in 1912, Vassar and 
Wellesley whose funds were established in 
1920; Mt. Holyoke's established in 1923, 
and that of Western Reserve. At that time 
four of these five funds were practically 
set aside for war or endowment campaigns; 
the Smith fund was revived in 1928, Mt. 
Holyoke established a separate office for 
theirs in 1923, and Wellsley began an ac- 
tive fund educational campaign by visits 
to their local clubs in 1927. 

The proved successes of the fund, both 
old and new, demand attention and confi- 
dence. Yale leads in the amount con- 
tributed; a most striking instance being in 
1927 when her alumni contributing also 
to her $20,000,000 endowment campaign, 
gave in all $615,394 to her fund; of this 
amount $164,311 came from non-reunion 
classes and was used for budget deficit. 
Cornell last year initiated a unique plan, 
modelled after the Roll Call of the Red 
Cross, called the Roll Call of the Cornell 
Alumni, her ^oal being first place among 
American colleges in the number of donors 
to the fund. They attained this goal when 
their contributing alumni for the year 
reached over 10,000. The amount raised 
was $138,000. 

Harvard's fund in the five years of its 
existence has received $638,000, from 9,- 
238 contributors. The total amount con- 
tributed to Dartmouth's is $1,120,010. The 
number of contributors has increased from 

Alumnae News 


553 to 5,683. The fund at Amherst in 
eight years has increased from S14-,9o3 to 
§253,966, and from 1,043 to 2,693 con- 
tributors. The Alumni of Worcester Poly- 
technecnic Institute have contributed to 
their fund §91.102 in five years. In 1929, 
3,460 of Bryn Mawr's alumnae contributed 
S28,155. Forty-one per cent of Smidi"s 
Alumnae contributed 870.000 in 1929. 
Radcliffe initiated her fund two jears ago 
in her 50th anniversary year and received 
$34,000 from 2,600 donors; additional 
gifts already in class treasuries increased 
the total amount the first year to 852,000. 

"Following the intense high pressure, 
oftentimes unfortunate, campaigns for mil- 
lions engendered by the war time campaign 
method, this fund "to which many men and 
women annually gave small amounts which 
make a large total" has been welcomed 
with relief by the go-getter, the giver and 
the beneficiary. 

"In the words of President Little of the 
University of Michigan, "Recently we have 
come to the recognition of a new type of 
support, — steady giving, non-emotional, 
rational, that is permanent and relatively 
inexpensive, the one sound, sane type of 
support, whether it be financial, or spirit- 
ual, moral, intellectual. It is support that 
is given on the basis of steady donations, 
a permanent type of self-respecting sup- 

"At the 1926 meeting of the Association 
of Alumni Funds the definition agreed 
upon was: "The Alumni Fund is a con- 
tinuing agency devoted to the securing of 
annual gifts for the current expenses of the 
university or college." The fund today 
needs a broader description. Perhaps Har- 
vard's more recent generalization is better: 
"a general perpetual fund to which the 
alumni contribute annually according to 
their individual means." Tlie general prin- 
ciple upon which it works is that small 
gifts given regularly each year from many 
individuals equals the annual interest de- 
rived from one big gift from one benefac- 
tor. If one well-to-do individual gives the 
institution 850.000 invested at six per cent, 
interest, it will ever after net the colleire 
S3.000 > early. Hut if 1 .0(X) modestlv con- 
ditioned individuals give an avcr.ige of S3 
each every year, the college will net 83,000 
yearly from their <Ti*^t also. The whole- 
some effect of annual gifts easily afforded 

and from many people is a renewed inter- 
est and loyalty in the alma mater. 

"The \ale plan has been used as an in- 
spiration and model for otlier funds. \^ hile 
no two funds are alike most of them in the 
beginning followed hers. It is controlled 
by a Board of Directors composed of 18 
alumni appointed by the President of the 
University with the Treasurer of the Uni- 
versity serving as Treasurer of the Fund. 
These Directors meet twice yearly: in No- 
vember, to announce the year's program, 
and in June to consider results. They ap- 
point the class agents. The gifts from Re- 
union classes are set aside as permanent 
endowment, the interest only being used 
while the entire gift of non-reunion classes 
is used as a flexible income for the Lniver- 
sity. The amount to be raised each year is 
that needed to balance the budget of the 
University and is allotted by quota to the 
non-reunion classes. 

"It is interesting to compare the general 
plan of the Yale fimd to that of Bucknell's 
which has been launched this year after 
five years spent in considering funds in 
general and in preparing the alumni for it. 
Their magazine ajinounced it as "die most 
important step in the history of the organ- 
ized alumni of Bucknell University." It 
is directed by the Alumni through the 
Bucknell Alumni Fund Committee. Of this 
committee four are members of the board 
of trustees elected by the board for periods 
of four years: three are elected by the 
Alumni Council for terms of three years; 
three ex-officio members, — the president of 
the University, the president and the ex- 
ecutive secretary of the Alumni Association. 
The budget of the L niversity is placed at 
the disposal of a committee so that they 
can direct its use each year. It is the one 
contribution of the year, absorbing dues 
and magazine subscriptions. The class is 
the main unit through which contributions 
are solicited, though personal a|)peals are 
made through the clubs in sectional con- 
tests. No quotas are suggested. 

"In general the older funds raise a fixed 
amount determined by the need of the col- 
lege for the year. This amount is distribu- 
ted among the classes, the quotas being 
determined by the number of living mem- 
bers and their years since graduation, the 
youngest classes being the smallest con- 


Sweet Briar College 

tributors. A definite portion is set aside 
for endowment; the remainder is turned 
over to the college without restriction to 
use. Gifts to the Fund do not include dues 
and magazine subscriptions. 

"Some of the more recently established 
funds use immediatel)" the entire amount 
raised during the year. More and more 
alumni are directing the Fimd to a defi- 
nite use. Lehigh's goes to the cancelling 
of the debt incurred in remodelling her 
library. Vassar directs hers to her Gym- 
nasium. The University of North Carolina 
and Flora Stone Mather College are pro- 
moting student loans and scholarships. 
Now that the Wellesley alumni have com- 
pleted their Zoology Building, they are 
raising a Calkin's Memorial Fellowship for 
visiting professors. Mt. Holyoke's project 
conmiittee is this year giving each donor 
the privilege of directing her gift to either 
faculty salary or the library, or to an un- 
designated fmid. 

"At our previous conferences no means 
of standardizing our methods of computing 
percentages of donors or of expense has 
been reached. In 1929 Harvard reported 
20 per cent contributors; Yale and Cornell 
reported 25 per cent; Dartmouth between 
65 per cent and 70 per cent, though she 
admits some optimistic method of comput- 
ing and suggests 50 per cent as more ac- 
curate. The University of North Carolina 
received $40,000 from 2,000 contributors 
at an expense of $5,500. Yale spent $20,- 
658 operating expenses in 1928, and re- 
ceived $139,426 from non-reunion classes. 
Ohio Wesleyan estimates her operating ex- 
penses at from 15 to 20 per cent; Worces- 
ter at from 8 to 14 per cent. 

"Most funds agree that the class is the 
best unit of promotion with the success of 
each class contribution depending upon the 
interest and energy of the class agent. 
Cornell, however, from the very beginning 
of her Fund has obtained better results 
through geographical representatives and 

"A short intensive campaign is now con- 
sidered most desirable. Some of them be- 
gin in February and end in June. Part- 
mouth's ideal is to have a two month's 
campaign. The fund closes usually with 
the fiscal year of the university, though 
Harvard ends theirs with the calendar year. 

The campaigns are planned months in ad- 
vance very carefully, the planning begin- 
ning in September for a campaign that 
starts in I'ebruary. The general tendency 
is toward onl)' one solicitation a year with 
the contribution to the fund covering dues 
and magazine subscription. Lehigh has an 
agreement with the trustees that their 
alumni cannot be solicited otherwise. 

"At Columbia University is maintained 
a depository of fund materials which was 
started by the Association of Alumni Funds 
and which contains thirty scrap-books of 
material. We can receive encouragement 
from reading the early records of some 
of these most flourishing funds of today. 
The number of contributors to the Yale 
Fund its first year was 385. The Dart- 
mouth Fund for eight years "was conducted 
in a small way and only a small percentage 
of alumni contributed," to quote their 
secretary. It was reorganized in 1914 and 
during its first year received $5,147.10 from 
553 members; the class secretary covered 
the whole class for a time before fund 
agents were appointed. 

"At the first meeting of Alumni secre- 
taries held 18 years ago, Mr. Embree, of 
Yale, said: "It would be absolutely im- 
possible to conduct the University without 
this income. It is a great influence in 
getting money from large benefactors who 
ask, 'What do your own graduates do?' 
We say from 3000 to 4000 men give $100,- 
000 yearly. Mrs. Sage's $600,000 and 
Rockefeller's million can be traced to this 
fund established by Yale Alumni." 

"Dartmouth states that if it had not been 
for the Alumni Fund the college would 
have gone on the rocks four or five years 
ago. Then came two gifts of $750,000 
each, and a million doUfrs for the library. 

"When this stage of prosperity has been 
reached, the Secretary's troubles are not 
over, they merely assume a diff^erent nature, 
for then the alumnus thinks that his small 
gift is unnecessary. He feels "Now that 
Mr. Biltmore has given the college a mil- 
lion this year, I'll keep my paltry ten. I'll 
use it for myself; I'm tired of stewed 
prunes for breakfast; I'll have frosty 
morning peaches instead" or "I'll buy that 
new snow shovel that I wanted all last 

Alumnae News 


"The pioneers in this movement have 
already crossed this pitfall. They have 
learned that the upkeep of big gifts is enor- 
mous and usually unprovided for. Dart- 
mouth's new library building meant an 
increase in upkeep of S40,000. Northwest- 
ern discovered that it cost §10,000 a year 
merely to wash the windows of the hand- 
some buildings on her new campus. So 
that the reply in this case is, "Surely he 
gave a million for that building, but the 
old boy forgot to throw in a window 


1. Every alumna shall subscribe yearly 
any amount large or small, (SI a year is 
welcomed) to be paid yearly, after notifi- 
cation, on the first of April. 

2. Every alumna shall send to the 
Alumnae Secretary at any time names of 
persons whom she thinks the college 
might induce to become vearly subscribers. 
If you prefer to approach these persons 
yourself, do not send in their names. 

3. Every graduating class shall be 
asked to join the alumnae in making year- 
ly subscriptions, and in inducing parents 
and friends to subscribe to the Mount Hol- 
yoke Alumnae Fund. 

4. Every trustee shall endeavor to in- 
terest persons to subscribe yearly to a 
fund, to be called The Mount Holyoke Liv- 
ins; Endowment Fund. This portion of the 
Fund shall be entirely separate from the 
Alumnae Fu^d. The immediate effort on 
the part of the trustees is to secure $200,- 
OOO to be used for the completion of var- 
ious projects, such as the new hillside resi- 
dence hall, increased fire protection and 
electric lighting. 

It is felt by the committee that a plan 
of this sort would place no heavy burden 
upon any one: that it would do away with 
special appeals and various minor appeals, 
and, if loyally supported, would yield a 
substantial sum yearly that would, in addi- 
tion to running properly the Alumnae Of- 
fice, build up the material and intellectual 
resources of the college. 

Mount Holyoke also published statistics 
of six of the Eastern Colleges for Women 
that should be of interest to you: 


At Wellesley 


At Smith 


At Mount Holyoke 


At Radcliffe 


At Vassar 


At Bryn Mawr 



At Bryn Mawr 


At Vassar 


At Smith 


At Radcliffe 


At Wellesley 


At Mount Holyoke 


shall constitute voting 


1. Any annual payment to the Alumnae 
Association shall be considered to include: 
dues, magazine subscription, gift to fund, 
reunion gift. 

2. The amount of such payment shall 
be voluntary, but an effort shall be made 
to make it so far as possible commensur- 
ate with the income of the payer as well as 
in general accord with individual share in 
Association budget. 

3. Such annual payment, from graduate 
or non-graduate 
membership in the Association 

4. The apportionment of the annual 
amount thus raised shall be made in the 
following order: 

a. Budget for the recognized activi- 
ties of the Association (such as office ex- 
penses and salaries, committee budgets, 
travelling expenses, printing, ,postage 
the Horton-Hallowell Fellowship ) . 

b. Printing and distribution of the 
Alumnae Magazine. 

c. The Alumnae Fund — to be used, 
not as principal for endowment — but as 
income to be spent annually by the Fund 
Committee, with the approval of the Ex- 
ecutive Board, on a gift or gifts to the 
College. The gift or gifts being selected 
from a list of immediate needs supplied 
by the Trustees. 

5. The Fund Committee shall consist 
of the following: 


Sweet Briar College 

a. A Chairman, either a member of 
the Executive Board or one in constant 
touch with it. 

b. A Publicity Chairman. 

c. The Executive Secretary of the 

One member of every Alumnae Class, 
as a sub-committee. 


WHAT IS IT? The discovery, several 
years ago, that there is in the heart of the 
average alumnus a latent desire to help 
his Alma Mater, led to the establishment 
of Alumni Funds, and whereas Yale and 
one or two other colleges were pioneering 
in this field for some years, the movement 
has been so successful that there are now 
about one hundred Alumni Fund organi- 
zations well established. 

Many of the small colleges, as well as 
the larger institutions, have found this 
source of income of inestimable import- 
ance. At Amherst, for example, the fund 
has increased from $14,983 given by 1043 
contributors in 1923 to $50,548 contributed 
by 2758 alumni in 1929. St. Lawrence, 
whose situation somewhat resembles that of 
Bucknell, received the net amount of $18,- 
325 from its fund in 1929, which was only 
the second year of the fund's existence. So 
rapid, in fact, has been the growth of this 
method of giving to higher education that 
last year these annual contributions ac- 
counted for 15% of all the money given 
to higher education by individuals in the 
United States, though this method of giving 
was almost unused a few years ago. 

Annual giving differs widely from the 
"endowment drives" of other years. The 
Alumni Fund creates a "living endow- 
ment." It is a fund created by the living 
alumni for the needs of the College today. 
The capital funds or endowment of the 
College must be invested and only the in- 
terest is available for current needs. Hence 
every dollar given for endowment has ap- 
proximately five cents of annual purchas- 
ing power. The Alumni Fund, however, 
may be used directly and, therefore, one 
dollar so given has the buying power of 
twenty dollars of endowment. The idea 

of these funds is that instead of supplying 
the endowment itself, the alumni supply 
the interest. For example: the man who 
desires to add $1000, to the endowment, 
but who cannot do so, may give the annual 
interest at 5%, or $50.00. 

This type of fund also makes a par- 
ticular appeal because it provides a med- 
ium through which the alumnus of limited 
financial means may to an extent commen- 
surate with his year by year income, con- 
tribute his bit in such a way that it, along 
with the combined gifts of others, aggre- 
gates a total which is of great practical 

Wliile Alumni Funds do not exist apart 
from mone)f, experience in many colleges 
shows decidedly that by-products of in- 
creased interest in the College, and closer 
contact of alumni with college affairs, are 
quite as valuable as the financial return. 
On the basis of a subtle principle in 
human nature, alumni are far more deep- 
ly attached to their college when they have 
bestowed something upon it beside criti- 

The Bucknell Alumni Fund is the result 
of much investigation and study by the 
General Alumni Association through com- 
mittees, covering a period of several years. 
In June, 1929 the plan was adopted by 
the Alumni Council and in December, 1929 
the Bucknell Alumni Fund was sanctioned 
by the Board of Trustees. The Alumni 
Fund is distinctly an alumni project, di- 
rected to and by alumni. On the principle 
that many small gifts equal a few very 
large ones, the fund plans call for "Some- 
thing from Everyone." The amount of 
each yearly gift is left entirely to the judg- 
ment of the individual donor. 




A View of the Refectory Taken During the 
First Year of the College 

Alumnae News 


A New Basis of Institutional Loyalty 

By John D. McKee, Alumni Secretary 
Wooster College, and Former President 
of the American Alimini Council. 

THE organized alumni movement in the 
American college is entering its most 
searching period. Until this time its 
effort has been largely concerned with 
social and financial relationships. But a 
day of larger promise is looming — a day 
of increasing educational interests. The 
alumni associations which sense this trend 
and interpret it correctly are assured of 
much more than survival. They are prac- 
tically certain to be of the greatest useful- 
ness to their institutions, in fact, thev may 
prove to be the most constructive force yet 
enlisted in the service of the college. 

As the alumni movement is little more 
than two decades old in most colleges, it 
has been natural that its activities have 
been focussed upon the development and 
growth of certain primary relationships. 
In the early stages alumni organizations 
have little reason for existence other than 
sociability. Financial problems having 
been omnipresent in the colleajes, the alum- 
ni have been taught early and late of their 
obligations in this respect. 

But a new basis of institutional loyaltv is 
now arising. Its concern is educational. 
It springs from the fundamental question 
of the validity of the educational process. 
If an affirmative answer cannot be given to 
this question by the alumnus, his enlist- 
ment in the cause of alma mater will not be 
long and will hardly be very effective. 

This shifting picture of values in alum- 
ni-college relationship is noticed particu- 
larly at this time because of the rational 
attitude of the younger alumni. Ten years 
ago the outgoing graduate was still moti- 
vated by enthusiasm and sentiment when- 
ever he thought of his college. He was 
willing to join the association and work 
through it for the college without argu- 

ment or thought. That day has now passed. 
Today's graduate demands to know the va- 
lidity of the alumni program and only if 
it is directly related to the educational pro- 
cess is he interested. 

In an earlier period it was the maiuring 
alumnus who thus became critical as to 
the why and wherefore of the alumni asso- 
ciation. If he found his association chiefly 
engaged in promotional activities which 
bore no import or interesting relation to 
the college, he usually failed to carry on. 
This attitude is today found in the youngest 
alumnus. It therefore behooves all who 
wish to trace a deeper course in alumni 
work to examine the wellsprings of the 
movement and to determine its validity. 

We have heard much in recent years of 
the adult education movement. In the 
colleges it has taken practical form in 
several directions such as a week of lec- 
tures at the college, book lists and reading 
courses, etc. In a larger sense tlie present- 
day movement of which I have been speak- 
ing is an adult education movement. And 
to my way of thinking, it is its finest mani- 
festation. It seems to me that the integra- 
tion of the alumni bod)' into the college 
program, in the sense of its participation 
in a variety of ways in its well-being and 
advancement constitutes the most effective 
continuation education program. 

Let the college keep constantly before 
its graduates its aims, purposes and out- 
look. And let the alumni have an oppor- 
tunitv to engage in those enterprises which 
fall within its sphere. In this inter-rela- 
tionship, only the fringes of which have 
yet been touched, lie \ast possibilities of 
constructive service, of mutual aid to col- 
lege and alumni. President Butler of Col- 
umbia had this thought in mind long ago 
when he said that if he could be assured of 
the support of the alumni in the university 
prosram. he could build an educational in- 
stitution the like of which had never been 


Sweet Briar College 

Alumnae News 


Our Selective Admissions 

By Mrs. Bernice D. Lill, Registrar 

ADMISSION to Sweet Briar to most 
alumnae probably meant a tedious 
matter which happily was soon for- 
gotten in the work and play of college days. 
To some few whose families have been rep- 
resented on the rolls almost without inter- 
ruption it may seem a rather fickle and 
changeable matter. Only last year did it 
become vital and personal to some alumnae 
when their daughters became the first Sweet 
Briar grand-daughters. As this number in- 
creases with the years admissions will again 
loom on the horizon of many an alumna. 
There is, moreover, a constant relation be- 
tween all alumnae and admissions in the 
influence exerted by the alumnae on the 
quality and number of applicants. Our 
recognition of this influence increased last 
year when we received visible evidence 
of its existence in the letters which we re- 
quired of applicants, telling us (among 
other things) how these students became in- 
terested in Sweet Briar. More than one 
alumna thus finds herself each year bearing 
some responsibility toward admission — a 
condition which has probably been thrust 
upon her and which she may not relish as 
she writes letters of recommendation to 
what seems a very remote committee on ad- 
missions. The alumna may well wonder 
why so many changes have taken place re- 
garding admissions and whether the ends 
justify the means. 

Before considering the modifications 
which develop continually in our admis- 
sions methods let us glance at the constant 
character of the ideals which motivate us; 
then let us consider our more recent meas- 
urements in relation to these ends. Presi- 
dent Glass has great faith in the quality of 
admissions job which can be performed 
in the small liberal arts college which has 
the benefit of devoted members of the fa- 
culty — for it does take devotion to carry 
on the kind of work which has been per- 
formed for many years by our comm'tlee 
on admissions. Each committee member 
examines the complete correspondence and 
all original material regarding each appli- 
cant. This is 8 far different situation from 

that which exists in many colleges where 
committee members examine only trans- 
cribed summaries of entrance records and 
recommendations. It means that faculty 
committee members spend hours before 
each meeting in making their independent 
estimates of applicants; no time of com- 
mittee meetings is absorbed in explana- 
tions; each acceptance or refusal is the re- 
sult of considered judgment. That this is a 
tremendous burden on members ot the fac- 
ulty is evident, and as our number of appli- 
cants increased it threatened to become too 
great and to force us into a more mechan- 
ical system. As we worked out the plan 
we now follow President Glass held firm 
in her faith in this system of selection and 
in the value of placing all original material 
in the hands of committee members. So we 
evolved a rotating system by which certain 
faculty members would meet for one series 
of meetings and others for the two follow- 
ing series, — the chairman, of course, at- 
tending all meetings and serving as an in- 
fluence for consistency among the three 
groups. This system worked so happily 
last year that we are continuing it with 

The system has stood a severe test in the 
last two years with the large numbers of 
applicants that have appeared. Rumor has 
circulated exaggerated reports of these fig- 
ures pro and con. Only a year ago we re- 
ceived a letter from a disappointed mother 
who expressed sincere regret that Sweet 
Briar College must close as her daughter 
wished to enter in 1932! Another report 
gained some credence in Lynchburg last 
fall to the effect that we had refused some 
700 applicants! Our records show that the 
number of applicants increased over a per- 
iod of years through 1930, reaching a max- 
imum of 770 who filed applications in that 
year. For 1931 there were 650 applicants. 
This is a large number, too large when we 
consider that there are included a certain 
number which are not serious. Many stu- 
dents file applications at more than one 
college, consuming time of committees on 
admissions in several institutions. Others 


Sweet Briar College 

file applications without serious purpose 
of entrance. Beginning with the present 
year we are requiring a non-returnable ap- 
plication fee to accompany each set of cre- 
dentials which will receive the considera- 
tion of our committee. This ruling is in 
conformity with the practice in most of the 
women's colleges in the North and East. 
The fact that manj^ of our applicants also 
apply at these colleges seems an added 
reason for our regulation. 

In our desire to choose more wisely we 
have found it necessary to increase the in- 
formation required about each applicant. 
The school certificate continues to be the 
most important single piece of evidence. 
The certificate itself has grown a little more 
elaborate, requiring a specific character es- 
timate of the applicant and information 
about the size of the graduating class and 
the applicant's relative place in that group. 
We mentioned above that last year we de- 
cided to ask each applicant to write us a 
letter, hoping to secure information about 
her ambition, her background and her 
tastes. Perhaps the alumnae would be in- 
terested to see the specific questions which 
we asked. The following is the letter used 
last year: 

Sweet Briar College 
Sweet Briar, Virginia. 

To Applicants for Entrance to Sweet Briar 
College in 1931: 

Although the Committee on Admissions 
has always had considerable information 
about each applicant from her school prin- 
cipal, her parents or guardians, and some- 
times from her friends, we have felt the 
need for at least one communication direct- 
ly from the applicant herself. We have 
therefore decided to ask you to write a let- 
ter to the committee giving information 
which you might like to have considered by 
us. We hope you will not confine your- 
self to answers to the questions which we 
add here as a basis for your letter, but we 
do wish you to write something on each of 
these points: 

1. How you became interested in S^\'eet 
Briar College; 

2. What travel or camp experience you 
may have had, or interesting contacts out- 
side of your home and school; 

3. What books of your own choice you 
have read in the past six months; 

4. Whether you expect to earn vour 
own living; and 

5. Whether you wish to get a degree at 
Sweet Briar or whether at the present time 
you have other plans. 

We hope you will write to us promptly 
so that we may have your letter before the 
next meeting of our committee. 
Sincerely yours, 

Bernice D. Lill 
Chairman, Committee on Admissions 

The replies were enthusiastic and reveal- 
ing of cultural interests in some cases; 
they were merely adequate in more cases; 
they seriously jeopardized some applicants 
who wrote careless and crude letters. We 
found the letter so helpful that in spite of 
the time required in reading these hundreds 
of letters the committee decided not only 
to continue to require them but also to in- 
crease the number of questions. 

The fourth and fifth questions are de- 
vised to give some indication of the serious- 
ness of purpose with which the applicant 
approaches college. Ability to do college 
work is only next in importance to a desire 
for a liberal education. Persistence and 
ambition often carry an average student 
far in advance of a more gifted student 
who lacks these character traits. But, as 
we all know, these are matters which are 
difficult to measure. By asking directly we 
run the risk of receiving answers which 
are not the whole truth: at the same time 
we may impress upon the applicant the im- 
portance which we attach to purposiveness. 
Ambition and desire for the degree change 
with varying conditions in home and col- 
lege. Studies of the relation between per- 
sistence in college and education of parents 
lead us to believe that those students tend 
to remain for the degree whose parents are 
college graduates. We are therefore asking 
for this information on our application 
form. It has been a matter of deep concern 
to the college that too large a number of 
students do not remain to complete the 
course. The responsibility for this con- 
dition rests partly on the admissions system 
and we must consider every factor which 
contributes toward an ambitious and ser- 
ious-minded student-body. 

Some of our loss of students has been 
due to inability to meet the academic stan- 
dards. Each June the college must drop 

Alumnae News 


some students for this reason, some of 
^\'Iiom fail in spite of sincere effort. These 
are students whose ability has measured in- 
ferior on the psychological tests which we 
have used for the past four years during 
freshman week. Some of these students 
presented for entrance almost perfect 
school certificates accompanied by enthus- 
iastic recommendations. They were evi- 
dently victims of schools of unsatisfactory 
standards and were seriously misled when 
they were encouraged to enter Sweet Briar. 
How to prevent the admission of these stu- 
dents presents a probem which might be 
partially solved in several ways: we might 
refuse to accept students from schools 
whose standards we had not tested; we 
might require examinations of applicants 
from untried schools ; or we might use psy- 
chological examinations for all applicants 
and exercise particular care with reference 
to those whose test scores were low. The 
first of these methods would soon narrow 
our range of selection; the second might 
narrow our range and certainly would 
arouse protest from the untried schools. 
The third method commends itself because 
it is impartial and because it has been used 
and found valid for our freshmen. As we 
stated above, for four vears we have used 
a psychological test during freshman week. 
Scores on this test have correlated as high 
as .60 with freshman grades. The test 
has also discriminated quite accurately in 
its lower ranges, indicating a score level 
below which students are unlikely to suc- 
ceed at Sweet Briar. Of the students who 
took this test in 1930 we find that the low- 
est ten at the end of the freshman year 
with one exception in the lowest quarter of 
the class academically. Of those who en- 
tered in 1929 the lowest ten on the basis of 
the test ranked at the end of the freshman 
year as follows; three did not complete the 
course; six were in the lowest quarter, one 
in the second quarter. The results were 
similar for those entering in 1928. These 
facts lead us to believe that by requiring 
a scholastic aptitude test for entrance we 
may reduce our student loss and save some 
otherwise fine young women from the hu- 
miliation of being excluded from college. 
The test which we have used is edited an- 
nually and thus has the advantage of being 
useful for comparative studies in successive 

years and yet of not being available for 

It may interest the alumnae to know that 
these psychological examinations have 
given Sweet Briar an opportunity to com- 
pare the mental ability of its entering 
group with similar groups in other col- 
leges. Comparative results were first pub- 
lished for 1929 when 131 institutions used 
the test. Sweet Briar ranked fifth among 
the colleges and universities and first in the 
South. In 1931 Sweet Briar ranked sixth 
among 137 institutions, again first in the 
South. The results for this year are not 
yet kno^vn comparatively but our median 
score indicates that the quality of mental 
ability of our new students continues to 
maintain this standard. By using this psy- 
chological test as an admission measure we 
may be able to raise the standard. The 
cost of administering this examination is 
being defrayed by the required application 
fee mentioned above. The members of the 
committee on admissions will find their 
work not a little more interesting this year 
with this added measurement to consider. 

In spite of, or maybe because of, the 
care with which we examine credentials 
and the number of different pieces of evi- 
dence required, we often find it extremely 
difficult to reach a decision about an in- 
dividual applicant. She may be strong in 
some subjects, may give promise of intel- 
lectual growth, yet she may come from a 
school whose standards we have cause to 
doubt or she may be weak in subjects re- 
quired as continuation courses at Sweet 
Briar. How can we give such an applicant 
an opportunity to prove that she is better 
prepared than we believe? How, also, can 
we be fair to students from unaccredited 
schools — schools which are not recognized 
by their regional associations and yet which 
offer the only opportunity for secondary 
work to many students? These knotty pro- 
blems the committee on admissions is try- 
ing to solve by the use of College Board ex- 
aminations. For students from unaccredited 
schools we are requiring the New Plan or 
comprehensive examinations in four sub- 
jects: for students who show weakness in 
required entrance units from strong schools 
we accept examinations in these units. The 
number of students qualifying on the ex- 
amination basis in whole or in part is ap- 
preciable and tends to increase annually. 


Sweet Briar College 

We are often asked — and the question 
may have a familiar sound to alumnae 
ears — "And when is Siveet Briar going on 
the College Boards?" as though it were 
only a question of time when we should 
take this step. This is not at all a foregone 
conclusion. There are certain disadvan- 
tages connected with tlie examination sys- 
tem which mav not be offset by the advan- 
tages of such an objective and ready to the 
hand method. Most of our applicants con- 
sider it a real advantage to receive word 
of acceptance bv February or May. Those 
who are refused have ample time to make 
other plans and those who are accepted be- 
gin to anticipate certain aspects of their 
freshman year in a way which fosters an 
easy adjustment after their entrance. The 
applicants are saved the nervous strain of 
the examination week and the attendant 
cramming which often exists. Even those 
colleges which are recognized leaders in 
the use of the Board examinations are not 
entirely satisfied with the system as is sug- 
gested bv the President of Vassar College 
in his report for 1929-1930 where Dr. Mac- 
Cracken states that the future will decide 
whether there may be devised a basis for 
competitive admission "involving less nerv- 
ous wear and tear."^ The use of Board 
examinations would also threaten to disturb 
for a period of vears at least, the geo- 
graphic balance of our student-body, which 
is dra^Mi without manipulation or policy 
about one-half from the Southern states 
and one-half from the other states. Canada, 
Cuba and foreign countries. The number 
of College Board centers in the South is 
proportionately so few that we should cer- 
tainly disturb our geographic balance and 
so affect one of the unique characteristics 
of Sweet Briar. 

This question of geographic distribution 
is a most interesting one. Opinions have 
differed regarding the relation between 
home state for section of the country) and 
persistence in the college, some believing 
that those who came from a distance tended 
to drop at the end of one or two years: 
others maintaining that Northern students 
were more serious-minded and therefore 
more persistent. So we made a study of 
the question and determined the proportion 

of graduates to former students from each 
section of the country. No dramatic re- 
sults developed, — the proportions varied 
only from 29 percent to 41 percent, with 
slight e\'idence in favor of the students 
from the Middle Atlantic states. The num- 
ber of states represented tends to remain 
above thirty, and the number of students 
from foreign countries is increasing slight- 
ly. This national character of our student- 
body received recognition last year in A 
Study of the Geographic Distribution of 
Students in Three Hundred Sixty-three 
American Colleges and I niversities pub- 
lished by the School of Education of Rut- 
gers Lniversitv. In this study Sweet Briar 
is ranked third among national institutions, 
having 18.9 per cent, of her students from 
Virginia with 37 states represented. This 
widespread distribution together with the 
balance between Southern and other stu- 
dents gives the Sweet Briar student-body 
the stimulation which comes from close 
contact with diversified points of view with- 
out losing an essentially Southern charac- 
ter. We who value this condition hope that 
it will not be disturbed by pressure from 
any one section. By keeping records we 
are trying to foresee any trend which 
might affect this distribution. If such a 
condition were to threaten we should en- 
deavor to stimulate the lagging section by 
some direct means rather than adopt a 
policy of geographic preference which 
might affect adversely our academic stand- 

An effective means of increasing interest 
in Sweet Briar on the part of outstanding 
students seems to be the offering of a num- 
ber of tuition scholarships on a competitive 
basis. ^^Tien the college fees were in- 
creased last year the Board of Overseers 
increased freshman scholarships to twelve. 
six restricted to students from Virginia and 
six to others. These scholarships were not 
offered until early in 1931 and catalogue 
announcement was not made until April. 
We are therefore not disappointed that all 
of these scholarships were not won this 
year. Four scholarships were awarded on 
the competitive basis, all by students from 
the South, two entering from public and 

(Continued on Paae 33) 

*Vassar College 
20, No. 5. 

-Report of the President, 1929-1930. p. 6. Bulletin of Vassar College, Vol. 

Alumnae News 


Whither Modern Learning ? 

By An Anonymous Friend 

AGE is no longer a matter of years: 
fashion and modern advertising have 
seen to that. \^ ith these accomplices, 
one need never grow old. Or so I had sup- 
posed until recently when I discovered, 
much to my dismay, that there is one re- 
action to any experience which marks one 
distinctly as "getting on." 

At all modernisms, I decided, one may 
express surprise (so long abhorred by a 
post-war generation) but he must be 
pleased. In no case must he be grieved. 
That smacks of "the days that are no 
more." If he is grieved, he is henceforth 
irretrievably old. 

That is my definition of age, but it \\as 
not crystallized until I became grieved a 
short time ago. I was reading of the at- 
tempts to educate by radio, of the various 
commissions on educdtion appointed to 
that end, and of the most recently appoint- 
ed national Ad\'isory Council on Radio in 

I was thrilled. At last the millenium. I 
thought, when all shall be initiated. An- 
other Age of Pericles! Another Renais- 
sance! Now the best that has been thought 
and said will become the property of every 
child in the land. I could see the council 
saying with Carlyle, "That there should one 
man die ignorant who had capacity for 
knowledge, this I call a tragedy." I grew 
enthusiastic as the idea took hold of my 
mind and I visioned a new generation nour- 
ished upon the fat of learning. The lonel\' 
child in the Ozarks. the oppressed child on 
the lower east side, all would make the ac- 
quaintance of King Arthur and Gulliver, 
Napoleon and Lee. Newton and Pasteur. 
History and literature, geography and 
science would flame the imaginations of 
all. ( \^liat would happen to arithmetic I 
did not contemplate: it had done nothing 
for me at close range and I refused to let 
it blur my dream.) 

Then, rather tardily. I wondered what 
the modem teacher taught about these 
subjects which had thrilled me as a youth 
and still offered me solace in these days of 
depressing fiction and probing biography. 

Since I was in a library during this rumi- 
nation, the Reader's Guide came to my 
mind as a possible source. Surely if I 
knew what the teacher was writing, I should 
kno\s" what he was thinking, and then my 
question would be answered. Turning 
first to English, writing and literature, for 
that had been my favorite study and the 
one which I had thought, in that visionary 
flash of a few seconds, would bring most 
pleasure to the student, I found strange 
sounding titles. I thought I must have 
found the wrong subject: I looked again. 
I read the titles a second time but they re- 
mained an enigma. The first one was long 
and I 'Arote it down. "A plea for the co- 
operation of administrative officers and 
members of tire faculty in the development 
of an effective and dynamic program of 
training in English." (The italics are 
mine.) I went on. "Errors and improve- 
ment in rating English compositions by 
means of a composition scale." (More of 
my italics. ) Methods of measuring appre- 
ciation of Shakespeare." "Composition as 
a liberating activity." "Can theme-correc- 
tion charts be made educational." And, 
finally, one which made me close the book 
in bewilderment and hurry out into die 
sunshine to ponder this dreadful discovery. 
"A diagnostic study of technical incorrect- 
ness in the writing of graduates of Benson 
high school." 

T^Tiat did it all mean? What had hap- 
pened to education since my days of closer 
contact with it? I was surprised and, 
when I later analyzed my reaction, I knew 
I was grieved. Something was gone. Had 
this mad search for the "utmost" in every- 
thing been carried into the schools? A dy- 
namic program with diagnostic studies of 
composition charts sounded like the pro- 
motion department of a Ford Motor Co. 

Had modern industry entered the school? 

They were earnest titles: I could not 
doubt the writers' sincerety. One had made 
a plea for cooperation. Possibly their 
activity was more fruitful than I fancied, 

(Continued on Page 33) 


Sweet Briar College 

From Your Treasurer 

Dear Alumnae: 

Just around the corner is Christmas and 
then, just as the postman finishes deliver- 
ing the Christmas cards, along comes an- 
other avalanche of mail — three thousand 
and more bills from the Sweet Briar Alum- 
nae Association for 1931 dues. 

This letter comes as a reminder as well 
as a plea for everyone to make a particu- 
larly earnest effort to pay her dues for the 
coming year. Doubtless there mav be some 
whom the business depression has affected 
to such an extent that they will feel unable 
to do so. Therefore it is up to those who 
are not suffering financially to make an 
extra effort at this time! 

The life membership dues go into a 
special fund at interest while the regular 
dues help cover alumnae expenses: Secre- 
tary's salary, Manson Memorial Scholar- 
ship, dues to the American Alumni Coim- 
cil. and the American Association of Uni- 

versity Women, Alumnae publications and 
office expenses. 

The expenses of the Alumnae Associa- 
tion for the year 1930-1931 were greater 
than the receipts from both the dues and 
the gifts from the Alumnae Clubs. 

This amount has been made up by sell- 
ing Sweet Briar plates and etchings. Next 
year we cannot expect to realize as much 
money through these sources, so it is up 
to us to pav our dues to prevent an)"^ deficit. 
The Alumnae Associntion must not allow 
its organization to founder on the rocks of 
financial disaster. 

For the last two vears we have sent out 
follow up letters in the form of blank 
checks to those Aumnae who have not paid 
their current dues. This expense adds 
about fifty dollars to our budget and in 
the coming spring we should like to elimi- 
nate this item. Please help us by sending 
your check early! 

Sincerely yours, 
Frances W. Penntpacker. '15. 

A Prediction From the University oi Chicago 

Wliat will education be like. 100 years 
from now? 

When the cornerstone of the new educa- 
tion building at the University of Chicago 
was laid recently, faculty members were 
asked to write out their prophecies of what 
education would be like in 2031, these fore- 
casts to be sealed into the copper box, 
along with the usual copies of current 
newspapers, speeches, and other items cus- 
tomarily placed in cornerstones. 

An analysis of the forecasts seems to 
show first of all that colleges and univer- 
sities of the future will be run by experts: 
that the present-day boards of education 
will have been abolished: likewise state 
departments of education. 

Increased interest in fine arts, in non- 
vocational education. Industries will large- 
ly take over technical training. 

Great development in adult education, 
with age no factor. 

Longer and more intensive graduate 

Increased importance of state universi- 
ties, with tendency toward their becoming: 

research institutions, with limited under- 
graduate enrollment. Lndergraduates will 
be largely taken care of in public colleges 
and municipal universities. 

Sharp decrease in number of privately 
endowed universities. 

Children will not be taught arithmetic, 
geography, and spelling. 

Methods of teaching will be based on 
knowledge gained from scientific experi- 
ment. Teachers will have periods of prac- 
tice under the guidance of educational ex- 
perts, just as internes serve in hospitals 
now. Teaching will be a more expert and 
respected profession than it is today. 

Sound pictures, the radio, and television 
will be used in large educational centers 
to dispense lectures, music, and art ex- 

Students will be classified according to 
ability rather than age. Instruction will 
be greatly individualized. Grades and 
marks will be abolished. 

Xo long summer vacations: longer school 
year: longer school day: longer period of 
general education, from age 2 or 3 up to 
at least 25. 

Alumnae News 


The United States and the World Court 

By Perry Laukhuff 

(Editor's Note — This paper was given before the Reading Circle of the League of Women 
\ oters in Lynchburg. \ irginia. November 19, 1931. ^h: Laukhuff is Instructor in Government 
at SVeet Briar College.) 

MY subject for this afternoon is "The 
United States and the World 
Court." There is a particular 
value in reminding ourselves again at this 
time of the worth of the Court, and of re- 
viewing our relations with it, since the 
whole matter of our joining will come be- 
fore the Senate at its forthcoming session 
in December. There are two aspects of the 
question with which I want to deal. First 
I want to review the history and work of 
the Court itself, and second I want to re- 
view the history of our relations to the 

By way of introduction it seems to me 
that we must distinguish sharply between 
this Court and previous "Courts," and 
thereby illustrate the magnitude of the ad- 
vance it makes. The distinction is really 
one between arbitration and judicial settle- 
ment or decision. Someone has summar- 
ized it very nicely as follows: "The object 
of international arbitration is ... . the 
settlement of differences between states by 
judges of their own choice and on the 
basis of respect for law. The object of 
judicial decision, on the contrary, is the 
decision of differences by judges, not 
necessarily chosen by the parties in con- 
troversy, by an application of principles 
of law, not on the basis of respect for 

I am aware that there are doubtless peo- 
ple who smile sourly and ask what differ- 
ence does it make whetlier we have arbi- 
tration or judicial decision. There are 
people who are inclined to agree with the 
cynical author of "More Trivia" when he 
says: "'Self-determination' one of them 

'Arbitration,' cried another. 

'Co-operation,' suggested the mildest of 
the party. 

'Confiscation.' answered an uncompro- 
mising female. 

I. too. became intoxicated with the sound 
of these vocables. And were they not the 
cure for all our ills? 

Tnoculation," I chimed in, 'Transsub- 
stantiation. alliteration, inundation, flagel- 
lation and afforestation'." ("More Tri- 
via," L. P. Smith, P. 41.) 

That is, of course, the easy attitude to 
take. It is the attitude we are all often 
inclined to take when distinctions are being 
drawn. But arbitration and judicial deci- 
sion do differ and the latter marks a very 
real advance over the former. It means a 
great deal for the peace of the world that 
we have gotten to the point of using judi- 
cial settlement as a substitute for. or rather 
as a complement to, arbitration. 

The distinction is simply this: arbitra- 
tion is political in its character and lends 
itself readily to compromise. A dispute 
has arisen, the parties to it select their own 
judges, and those judges attempt to arrive 
at a decision which will be more or less 
satisfactory to both parties. If that can 
be done on the basis of law, well and good. 
If not. compromise is resorted to and 
each side is expected to give and take. 
Judicial decision has none of this. The 
dispute is submitted to judges not of the 
parties' choosing and the decision is laid 
down in accordance with law regardless of 
whether that decision meets with the ap- 
proval of one party or not. You can read- 
ily see therefore that we have gone a long 
Ka\ forward when disputing nations are 
willing to accept an award even if it goes 
against their contention. 

I get a very real thrill out of tracing the 
development of some institution like the 
World Court down through the years. 
Sometimes we become pessimistic if we 
consider the status of affairs at any one 
point in history. Things look pretty black 
and ive \vonder if they were ever so bad 
before. Men seem to be making no pro- 
gress. Things are at a disconcerting stage 
right now. If you want to regain your 


Sweet Briar College 

optimism let me suggest that you trace 
some phase of human life or endeavor or 
organization from its beginning down to 
the present. I venture to say that in every 
case, whether you be dealing with private 
life or with public, you will discover a 
very noticeable progress, and that in nine 
cases out of ten the progress will have been 
so marked as to make the story a truly 
thrilling one. Such is the case in this 
matter of disputes between nations. 

It is exceedingly interesting to note how 
we have moved up in the scale through the 
centuries in our methods of settling dis- 
putes. In the beginning, of course, we 
had no recourse except to war. If your 
tribe had something my tribe wanted, we 
came and took it if we could, and vice 
versa. Then we got to the stage of bar- 
gaining in the event of a dispute — outright 
bargaining, reinforced very closely by 
threats. Next came more polite bargain- 
ing known as diplomacy. War was still 
in the background, and not so very far in 
the background either, but we were getting 
to the point where we were willing to use 
reason in our relations with other nations. 
The next step forward, and a big one it 
was too, was the development of arbitra- 
tion. Now we are in the infancy of what 
may prove to be the final method — confer- 
ence and judicial decision. 

I cannot this afternoon go into the de- 
tails of our development all down through 
history, but I want to single out some of 
the highlights of the more recent back- 
ground of the World Court. Nothing ap- 
pears de novo, which is only another way 
of saying that there is nothing new under 
the sun, and that is nowhere more true 
than in the case of a World Court. Its 
immediate predecessors were courts of ar- 

The nineteenth century and the first dec- 
ade of the twentieth century saw the rise 
and development of arbitration to its full- 
est extent. Rather than trust solely to di- 
plomacy and when it failed resort to war, 
there arose the widespread practice of sub- 
mitting disputes to arbitration. Sometimes 
the arbitral court consisted of one man as 
when the United States and Great Britain 
turned to the German Emperor for decision 
as to the ownership of the San Juan Islands 
in 1872; sometimes it consisted of a num- 

ber of persons, as in the case of the Ala- 
bama Claims controversy. 

Now a further important point to dis- 
tinguish is that courts of arbitration are 
ad hoc. That is, they are established for 
one particular controversy. That contro- 
versy being settled, the court's work is 
done, it disbands, and the next time a 
controversy arises, a new court has to be 
chosen. This was true even of the Perma- 
nent Court of Arbitration established in 
1899 and renewed in 1907. 

I said I was going to talk about the 
Court and then about American relations 
with it. But at this point it becomes neces- 
sary to say that it is quite impossible to 
separate the United States' relations with 
the Court from the history of the Court. 
America from its inception has been 
wedded to the theory of the peaceful set- 
tlement of disputes between nations. We 
strongly supported arbitration — prior to 
1899 we submitted our own disputes with 
other nations to arbitration no less than 
fifty-seven times. Presidents of the United 
States served as arbitrators five times, and 
other citizens of the United States on seven 
occasions — and we strongly supported the 
establishment of the Permanent Court of 
Arbitration at the First Hague Peace Con- 
ference in 1899. 

In fact, our delegates were instructed 
"by President McKinley and Secretary Hay 
to act upon 'the long continued and wide- 
spread interest of the people of the United 
States in the establishment of an interna- 
tional court' and to propose a plan for an 
international tribunal to which the nations 
might submit 'all questions of disagree- 
ment between them, excepting such as may 
relate to or involve their political inde- 
pendence or territorial integrity'." 

That leads me to digress at this point 
long enough to say that a great many 
treaties were negotiated during the nine- 
teenth century and the early years of this 
century providing for the submission of 
disputes to courts of arbitration. In prac- 
tically every case where these treaties ap- 
plied to disputes in general rather than to 
disputes over some specific questions they 
stipulated that they should not apply to 
controversies involving "vital interests" or 
"national honor." This was a loop-hole, 
and an extremely big loop-hole at that. 

Alumnae News 


It is a very peculiar thing that as indi- 
viduals we are willing to trust to the pro- 
tection of courts in matters of "honor." 
But somehow "national honor" is such a 
very sacrosanct thing that we can trust for 
its protection to nothing other than our 
own good right arm. More wars have been 
caused by "national honor" than any other 
ten things put together. If we can get 
away from this silly, childish supersensi- 
tiveness to fancied insults to our "national 
honor" we shall truly have progressed. 

But to return to the development of the 
Permanent Court of Arbitration. Again 
in 1907, President Roosevelt and Secretary 
Root instructed our delegation to the sec- 
ond Hague Conference to work for a true 
international court of justice. In neither 
case was it possible to agree on a true 
permanent court, but the thoroughness 
with which we were committed to the idea 
had given great impetus to the creation of 
the court which was set up. 

As a matter of fact its title — The Per- 
manent Court of Arbitration — was an al- 
most complete misnomer for it was neither 
"permanent" nor a "court." Briefly, it 
consisted solely of a list of names. Each 
nation which belonged to this organization 
chose for a period of six years four of its 
outstanding legally trained citizens as 
"judges." Their names were all gathered 
together on a panel at the Hague, and 
whenever two nations wished to submit a 
dispute to the arbitration of this Court they 
would choose by what might become a 
complicated process three or five men from 
this list. Each time, therefore, a contro- 
versy arose a new court had to be con- 
stituted. Its work done it would be dis- 
solved. The Court, therefore, was never 
twice the same, there were long periods 
when there was no Court at all, and it 
was thus difficult for any real body of 
international legal decisions to be devel- 

The World Court now set up marks a 
very clear step in advance, as I shall pres- 
ently point out, of all that has gone before 
including the Hague Court. "All," that 
is, except the ill-faled Central American 
Court of Justice, 1907-1917. This was a 
real court composed of one judge from 
each of the five Central American coun- 
tries; it sat constantly and attempted to 
apply international law impartially. We 

helped to set it up in 1907, and by our 
complete disregard for one of its decisions 
we succeeded in knocking it into a cocked 
hat ten years later. That was an experi- 
ment which seems to have passed almost 
unnoticed by the rest of the world, and to 
have had little or no effect, so far as I 
know, upon the foundation of the present 
Court of International Justice. 

The Permanent Court of International 
Justice was not formulated or put across 
by President Wilson. That may seem to 
be an unnecessary statement, yet we asso- 
ciate the Court with the League of Nations, 
which we in turn associate so closely with 
Wilson, that we are apt to forget that he 
had practically nothing to do with the 
former. There was absolutely no mention 
even of any sort of International Court in 
his first two drafts of the League Covenant. 
It appeared in the House plan, the British 
plan, the Hurst-Miller plan and others, but 
apparently the President was not brought 
to see the necessity of such an institution 
until quite late in the peace negotiations. 
It appeared in his third draft of his League 
Covenant, and was finally included in the 
peace settlement as Article XIV of the 
League Covenant. To be sure, without 
Wilson we should have had no League at 
all, and consequently no World Court, but 
it is only in this indirect way, and entirely 
at the insistence of others, that the Presi- 
dent is at all connected with the institution. 

Let me quote Article XIV: "The Coun- 
cil shall formulate and submit to the mem- 
bers of the League for adoption plans for 
the establishment of a Court of Interna- 
tional Justice." When the Council came 
to carrying out this Article, which it did 
very promptly, America again unofficially 
lent a helping hand. In February, 1920, 
the Council appointed a Committee of 
Jurists to draw up a plan for a Court; one 
of the members of the Committee was 
Elihu Root, who had instructed our dele- 
gates to the Second Peace Conference in 
1907, and had worked steadily betimes for 
a court. It was due mainly, it may be said 
parenthetically, to a conversation Mr. Root 
had in the summer of 1918 with Colonel 
House that the latter was won over to the 
idea of an International Court, and in- 
cluded it in his draft plan. 

The whole course of our attitude toward 
and relationship to the World Court seems 


Sweet Briar College 

to me to have been very similar to that of 
the Quaker ship captain who was attempt- 
ing to run the British blockade in 1812. 
The ship being pursued by an enemy pri- 
vateer, the mate wanted to resist, and asked 
permission to mount a small swivel they 
had aboard. The Quaker captain an- 
swered : "Thee knows my principles would 
not allow me to take part in any fighting." 
"But, Captain," begged the Mate, "will you 
go below for a few minutes and give up 
the deck to me"? Seeing no harm and 
possibly some good in this the Captain 
agreed and disappeared below. The ship 
approached, the swivel was mounted and 
trained, but just as' it was about to be 
touched off, a head appeared cautiously 
above the companion-way. and a mild voice 
said: "Mate, if thee means to do any exe- 
cution with that swivel, I advise thee to 
lower the muzzle a bit." Similarly we 
have been quite willing to give advice 
officially and unofficially in the formula- 
tion of a Court but under no circumstances 
have we been willing to take part in the 
activities of such a court once formed. 

Let me ask and answer in turn several 
questions which will serve for our purpose 
to throw light upon the World Court. 
First. What kind of a Court was set up 
in 1921? It is distinctively a permanent 
court, sitting continuously the year round, 
except for vacations, at the Hague. It is 
interesting to note that this Court as well 
as the old Court of Arbitration sits in the 
great Peace Palace built through the gen- 
erosity of the late Andrew Carnegie. It 
was originally composed of eleven judges 
and four deputy judges. The number of 
judges has now been increased to fifteen 
and pending changes will abolish the de- 
puty judgeships. Que of the great difficul- 
ties which formerly stood in the way of 
establishing an international court was the 
manner of choosing the judges. It was 
manifestly impossible to have a Court on 
which every nation would be represented. 
How to choose a few judges, giving the 
great states a preponderant voice without 
depriving the small states of a voice was 
a seemingly insoluble question. With the 
establishment of the League, however, it 
became possible to set up a c6urt whose 
judges would be selected by the Council, 
on which the great states are always repre- 
sented, and the Assembly in which both 

great and small states have representation. 
Every nine years, therefore, the Council 
and the Assembly acting separately vote 
for judges of the Court; those candidates 
who receive a majority vote in both bodies 
are declared elected. An interesting con- 
nection has been made between the old 
Hague Court and the World Court in that 
each national group on the old Court sub- 
mits not more tJran four nominations to 
the Secretary-general of the League of Na- 
tions. Of these four, not more than two 
may be of the same nationality as the 
group making the nominations. In this 
way, the Council and the Assembly of the 
League get before them a list of capable 
jurists from whom to make their selections. 
One of the most striking features of the 
Court is that the judges are not chosen to 
represent nations. They are chosen rather 
because they are able, because they know 
international law, and because they repre- 
sent the principal legal systems of the 
world. On the present Court, for instance, 
are a Japanese, a Spaniard, an Italian, a 
Cuban, a Frenchman, a Salvadorean, an 
Englishman, our own Frank B. Kellogg, a 
Rumanian, a Belgian, a Pole, a German, 
a Colombian, a Dutchman, a Chinese, a 
Portuguese, a Finn, a Jugo-Slavian, and 
an Austrian. Every effort is made, how- 
ever, to consider the Court a imified body 
of judges and to obliterate, as far as it is 
possible, their character as nationals of 
this state or that state. 

It is not only a permanent court, but it 
is also a court. In other words the inten- 
tion is to have it apply the law impartially 
and regardless of the consequences. The 
law which it applies is, of course, interna- 
tional law. International law is very dif- 
ferent, to be sure, from ordinary statute 
law within a state. There is no interna- 
tional legislature to make laws as we or- 
dinarily think of them. But there is, nev- 
ertheless, a very real body of International 
Law. It is composed of treaties, of the 
decisions of national courts on interna- 
tional subjects, the decisions of courts of 
arbitration, of custom and practise, and 
the opinions of the great writers on Inter- 
national Law. In time the decisions of the 
Permanent Court of Justice itself will be- 
come one of the prime sources of law. 

Alumnae News 


The second question I want to ask is, 
what is the Court to do? Its functions are 
two-fold. It is to settle cases, actual con- 
troversies which may be brought before it 
by the parties. In most cases a decision 
to submit to the Court will be arrived at 
after the controversy has arisen, but it is 
extremely significant to note that many 
states, mostly the smaller ones for the 
present, have signed a special Protocol 
stating that they agree to submit all dis- 
putes of certain characters to the decision 
of the Court automatically and without 
special agreement each time a dispute 
arises. In addition, the Court also has the 
very important function of rendering ad- 
visory opinions to the Council and Assem- 
bly of the League at their request. 

The third and last question I want to 
ask this afternoon is, what has the Court 
done? Well, it has rendered sixteen judg- 
ments altogether — judgments on a wide 
variety of cases, most of them too complex 
for us to go into here. For purposes of 
illustration, I might cite the first decision 
which the Court rendered back in 1923, 
the case of the S. S. Wimbledon. This 
case was brought on by the refusal of Ger- 
many to allow an English ship carrjdng 
munitions to Poland to go through the Kiel 
Canal. Poland and Russia were then at 
war, and Germany contended that since she 
was neutral and the Kiel Canal was wholly 
within her territory she could not allow 
munitions to be transported through it. 
The Versailles Treaty stipulated that the 
Kiel Canal shall be maintained free and 
open to vessels of commerce and war of all 
nations at peace with Germany. The Court 
held that the Canal had thus become an 
international waterway, that the carriage 
of munitions through it to a belligerant 
would not compromise Germany's neutral- 
ity, and that Germany was. therefore, lia- 
ble to damages for not having allowed this 
English steamship to pass through. That, 
of course, was not a dispute which was 
likely to lead to war, but the Court did 
render some other decisions later in dis- 
putes of a much more serious and irritat- 
ing nature, notably in the cases involving 
Polish treatment of German minorities — 
a very sore spot indeed in present-day 

In addition, the Court has handed down 
nineteen advisory opinions. I can easily 

enough illustrate their importance by re- 
calling to your minds the last one given 
only this summer on the matter of the 
Austro-German Customs Union. This pro- 
posed economic rapprochement had caused 
a storm of protest on the part oi France 
and all her anti-German allies. France 
relied upon that provision of the Treaty 
of St. Germain, which pledged Austria to 
retain her complete independence and 
claimed that the proposed Customs Union 
was only the fore-runner of eventual 
political union. Austria and Germany 
said it was nothing of the sort. Here you 
had then a very good subject for judicial 
settlement, a dispute which in former days 
might very easily have lead to war, a dis- 
pute involving the interpretation of a 
treaty provision, and thus peculiarly suit- 
able, let me repeat, for legal action. The 
Council of the League, taking cognizance 
of the quarrel asked the Court for an 
opinion. The opinion, when it was finally 
given, was somewhat of a disappointment 
to many people, because of its apparently 
political rather than legal nature. The 
French judge and the judges coming from 
allied nations held that the proposed Union 
was illegal; the German judge, supported 
by most of the non-Latin judges, held the 
contrary point-of-view, but were in the 
minority of one. I confess that I, myself, 
had felt a good many doubts about this 
opinion at first, but I believe that adequate 
study of the treaty provisions involved will 
convince anyone that there are two very 
good sides to the question, and it is not at 
all difficult to believe that the judges all 
rendered their decisions in good faith. At 
any rate the opinion seems to have had a 
fairly happy effect all around. Germany 
and Austria agreed to give up the proposal 
even before the Court spoke, they felt them- 
selves justified because of the strong sup- 
port they got for their point-of-view within 
the Court, and France was satisfied because 
the decision was in her favor. 

There are many more things which 
might be said about the Permanent Court 
but that will at least give us the high lights. 
We can say then that at last in this year 
1931 we have what the United States has 
long sought for — a World Court. We have 
a World Court which is functioning con- 
tinuously, smoothly and well. We have a 
World Court which is respected, and, so 


Sweet Briar College 

far, obeyed. We have a World Court 
which has proved its value. And we have, 
also, a World Court without the United 
States as a member. Why? 

What has been the story of the attempts 
to get us into the Court? The story is a 
disappointing one, and the record not one 
of which we can be proud. If I were in- 
clined to bring politics into this discussion 
I might say the Republicans were to blame, 
but they are staggering under enough 
blame for one thing or another just at the 
moment so I'll spare them on this matter. 

The story is a ten-year-old one, for it 
was back in August, 1921, that the Secre- 
tary-general of the League of Nations sent 
us a copy of the Protocol of Signature. 
As was our custom in those days, we didn't 
acknowledge receipt of the communication. 
We were in the midst of our grandest iso- 
lation, and had the notion that we could 
put the League in its place by ignoring 
it — and being very rude in the process. 
In February, 1923, however. Secretary 
Hughes wrote a letter to President Harding 
advocating our joining on certain condi- 
tions into which we need not now go. A 
few days later President Harding trans- 
mitted the letter to the Senate and asked 
its consent to our signing the Protocol. 
Absolutely nothing happened. 

In December, 1923, Mr. Coolidge, now 
President, recommended the proposal to 
Congress and this time a resolution calling 
for adherence was introduced but got no- 
where. In May, 1924, the Senate Foreign 
Relations Committee gave out two reports, 
both favoring adherence; the majority with 
many "ifs" and "ands" and "buts"; the 
minority, headed by our Senator Swanson, 
with the mild reservations advocated by 
Mr. Hughes. There was absolutely no 

The platforms of both parties in 1924 
favored American participation. In De- 
cember, 1924, President Coolidge again 
recommended in his annual message that 
the Senate consent to our joining and Sena- 
tor Swanson introduced a resolution to that 
effect. March 3rd, 1925, the House of 
Representatives passed a resolution favor- 
ing our adherence, the next day's inaugural 
address of President Coolidge repeated his 
former statements and Senator Swanson 

jumped into the breach with his usual reso- 
lution and with the usual results. 

Once more in December of 1925 did the 
President call the attention of the Senate 
to its delay on this matter. At long last, 
on the 27th of January, 1926, the Senate 
by a vote of 76 to 17 advised and consented 
to our signing the Protocol with certain 
reservations to which 1 will revert in a 

On the basis of this action there resulted 
a complicated series of negotiations look- 
mg towards our entrance into the Court. 
Secretary of State Kellogg sent notes to 
each member of the Court informing them 
of the action of the Senate, they in turn 
invited us to a joint conference on the 
matter which invitation we bruskly de- 
clined to accept. Such a conference was 
nevertheless held, attended by all the mem- 
bers of the Court, and a Protocol drawn 
up which at least partially met the Senate's 
reservations. A number of states now an- 
swered our original notes on this basis, but 
Mr. Kellogg regarded the arrangements as 
entirely unsatisfactor)-, neglected even to 
reply to the communications, and held no 
further conversations for two years. By 
late 1928 the friends of the Court in the 
Senate got to the point of requesting by 
a resolution introduced by Senator Gillette 
that the President renew efforts to come to 
an agreement on the points of difference. 
President Coolidge quickly announced that 
he would renew negotiations and this an- 
nouncement so heartened the other nations 
of the world that the Assembly instructed 
a Committee of Jurists, of which Mr. Root 
was again a member, which was then 
meeting for the purpose of making some 
changes in the constitution of the Court, 
to make a renewed effort to effect some ar- 
rangement whereby the stipulations of the 
United States Senate might be met. The 
result was a new Protocol of Adherence, 
which accepted completely all five of our 
reservations. It was opened for signature 
in September. 1929, and according to the 
latest figures to which I have access, it has 
been signed by fifty-three states, and rati- 
fied by thirty-three. 

Finally in November, 1929, Secretary of 
State Stimson recommended that we sign, 
which President Hoover authorized, and 
which was done by our representative in 

Alumnae News 


Switzerland on December 9. 1929. The 
next day President Hoover asked the Sen- 
ate to ratify this action, but the only re- 
sponse was a declaration b)' the Senate 
Foreign Relations Committee that it would 
defer consideration until December of 
1931. That is the December which is just 
ahead of us and to which we are looking 
with hope not unmixed with trepidation. 
Before commenting on this whole pic- 
ture of delay and indifference, I ought to 
explain briefly the main points, or at least 
the ostensible points, which have kept us 
out of the Court. \ ou will recall that the 
Senate favored adherence in 1926 with five 
reservations. Four of those aroused little 
or no controversy, and were speedily 
agreed to bv members of the Court. They 
ran as follows: 

I. Our adherence is not to involve legal 
relations to the League or the assumption 
of obligations under the Treat)' of Ver- 

II. The Lnited States is to participate 
equally in the election of judges. 

III. The United States is to pay a fair 
share of the expenses, as determined and 
appropriated by Congress. 

IV. The Lnited States may wididraw 
at any time. 

But it was the fifth reservation which 
raised the difficulties and caused all the 
negotiating subsequent to 1926. It read as 

V. "The Court shall not render any 
advisory opinion except publicly after due 
notice to all states adhering to the Court, 
and to all interested states, and after public 
hearing or opportunity for hearing given 
to any state concerned: nor shall it. with- 
out the consent of the Lnited States, enter- 
tain any request for an advisory opinion 
touching any dispute or question in which 
the Lnited States has or claims an in- 

This, to my mind, preposterous, if not 
outrageous, assertion of national self-inter- 
est, came near to wrecking the whole busi- 
ness, but a way out was at last found 
through the so-called "Root Formula" 
which has been embodied in Article V of 
the Protocol of Accession of the United 
States. As I have before said this Protocol 
starts out by accepting in toto the Ameri- 
can reservations, but in Article V it goes 
on to provide a very complete procedure 

through which the United States can pre- 
sent to the Council or Assembly any in- 
terest or claim to interest which it may 
have in a pending dispute. In this way 
we would have a chance to interpose our 
objections through an exchange of corres- 
pondence with the Secretary-general of the 
League of Nations before a request for an 
advisory opinion would ever be made. If 
for an)' reason no sufficient interchange of 
opinion could take place and the request 
should be made. Article V provides further 
for a very adequate interchange of views 
between the United States and the Court 
before the latter takes any action on the 
request. All of this procedure coupled 
with the acceptance of Reservation V 
would seem to be sufficient to put at rest 
even the uneasy doubts of a United States 
Senator, and safeguard our interests as 
completely as it is possible to do so. The 
Root Formula goes even one step farther 
and says that if despite all this the Court 
and the United States could not agree as 
to whether or not we have or claim an 
interest we may withdraw from the Court 
without the slighest imputation of tm- 
friendliness or bad sportsmanship. Surely 
no one could go further than this to meet 
our every wish on the matter. To any 
reasonable person it would appear that our 
wishes have been met. Wliether it will so 
appear to the Senate in December I do not 
know ! 

With this picture before us let me repeat 
my earlier statement that it is decidedly 
not a record to make our hearts beat with 
patriotic pride. It is a record of delay 
which almost matches that exemplified in 
the correspondence between a woman in 
Nantucket and her husband who was off 
in the Pacific on a whalins expedition: 

From the wife: "Dear Ezra, where did 
you put the axe?" 

From the husband (fourteen months 
later) : "Dear Martha, what did you want 
the axe for?" 

From the wife (two years later) : "Dear 
Ezra, never mind about the axe. \^Tiat did 
vou do with the hammer?" 

For eight years, certainly for five years, 
we have been almost trembling on the 
brink of the World Court, ready to fall in 
with the first breeze that blew, or at the 
lightest touch of some leader. But no 
breeze has blown and no leader has yet 


Sweet Briar College 

supplied the touch. Eventually we shall 
fall in of our own weight but it is nothing 
short of tragic that we should have to wait 
so long. 

I am much given to saying that since 
Wilson there has been no leadership in 
the United States. Nowhere is this more 
painfully evident than in the matter of the 
Permanent Court. I firmly believe that, 
given some of his determination and 
enthusiasm, and a few of his ringing 
speeches, we would have long since taken 
our part in this world movement. To be 
sure, as we review events, we see a surpris- 
ing amount of pertinacity and insistence 
evidenced by President Coolidge. Indeed 
we may fairl)^ say tliat "Silent Cal" waxed 
positively loquacious on this subject. But 
I fear that his loquacity is not of the va- 
riety which stirs men to action. Let me 
quote the following excerpt from his 1923 
message as a sample. "Pending before the 
Senate is a proposal that this government 
give its support to the Permanent Court of 
International Justice. . . As I wish to see a 
Court established and as the proposal pre- 
sents the only practical plan on which 
many nations have ever agreed, tho it may 
not meet every desire, I, therefore, com- 
mend it to the favorable consideration of 
the Senate, with the proposed reservations 
clearly indicating our refusal to adhere to 
the League of Nations." 

At all events ha\'ing arrived at our pres- 
ent position whether we have leadership 
or not, there would seem to be no longer 
the slightest excuse for delay. What can 
we do, what can you do, to make the 
Senate see the matter in that light? 
Really, in the circumstances, there is very 
little which you can do. You might, 
if you were so inclined, make knowTi to 
your Senators, individually or as a group, 
your favorable attitude toward the World 
Court. Of course, both Senator Glass and 
Senator Swanson are already thoroughly 
committed to the support of the Court, 
hence such expressions would have less in- 
fluence than if their attitudes were doubt- 
ful or hostile. Nevertheless, I really be- 
lieve that such action might be of real 
value to them, and to Senators similarly 
well-disposed, in aiding them to brmg 
pressure to bear upon the Senate minorit)'. 

Here is a project for which the United 

States has long worked and with which 
public opinion is overwhelmingly in sym- 
pathy — public opinion as evidenced by 
resolutions of various organizations, by 
the press, by the platforms of the major 
parties, by three successive Presidents, by 
the House of Representatives, and by the 
Senate itself. Recently the American Bar 
Association has strongly urged Senate ac- 
tion and an accompanying statement made 
by John W. Davis, its President, expresses 
very well my own thoughts upon this mat- 
ter, and I take the liberty of quoting his 
concluding sentence. "The emphatic re- 
commendation of these legal groups pro- 
ceeds from a conviction that to refuse rati- 
fication of the protocols and thus to defeat 
the adherence of the United States to the 
Court is to deny a traditionally American 
ideal, to disregard the recommendation of 
both national parties, and to invalidate the 
Senate's o^nti action of 1926, providing for 
our entrance into the World Court on the 
conditions that are now satisfied by the 
pending treaties." 

I should like to stress the fact that it is 
not by accident that Americans have had 
so much to do with the setting up of inter- 
national courts. Settlement of disputes by 
judicial procedure is a thoroughly Anglo- 
Saxon, and even more an vVmerican habit. 
Way back in 1789 we set the world an 
example of how jarring communities could 
compose their differences peaceably, by 
estahlishing the Supreme Court under a 
Federal system of government. By later 
usage we have accorded constantly more 
power and respect to this inter-state tri- 
bunal. This has been a distinctive Ameri- 
can contribution to the art of governing. 
Are we now to lose our faith in the idea 
when it is applied to a %\-ider sphere? 
Professor Frederick L. Paxon of the Uni- 
versity of Wisconsin in his stimulating 
little book, "When the West is Gone," 
suggests that the true test of ^vhether our 
frontier life created any truly great and 
distinctive American ideals and institu- 
tions will be our ability to carry over into 
the international sphere what we profess 
in the Federal sphere. I have faitli to be- 
lieve that America can and will give to the 
world the benefit of her own experiences 
and attempts at the rational settlement of 

Alumnae News 


Before I close, I want to touch upon 
another consideration. I have already 
stressed the importance of this subject in 
view of the approaching Senate session. 
Let me also point out that there is a Dis- 
armament Conference approaching in Feb- 
ruarv. and I believe that there is a very 
real connection between the Court and Dis- 
armament. The Court's relation to the 
general problem of peace is two-fold. 
First, it may be resorted to directly in 
case a dispute has already arisen. That 
aspect of the matter we have already sufii- 
cientlv touched upon this afternoon. 

In the second place, it bears another 
and equally important, but indirect, rela- 
tion to the maintenance of peace. The 
existence of such a Court, adhered to by 
most of the nations of the world, especially 
the large ones, functioning well, and actu- 
allv safe-guarding national rights, will do 
more than almost any other one thing to 
produce a feeling of security. And se- 
curity is a prime prerequisite for Disarm- 

ament. Without it, the forthcoming Con- 
ference will fail, surely. You may contend 
that Disarmament will produce a feeling of 
securitv. Admittedly this is a matter in 
■which cause and effect are all mixed up. 
I am for Disarmament, the greater the 
better, and I do believe that a cessation of 
rivalry in armaments would be a contribu- 
tmg factor of great importance in lessen- 
ing international nervousness. 

Nevertheless, I do not think that the 
^\orld in general looks at it in that way, 
and as far as practical diplomacy goes, I 
believe that ^ve will be strengthening our- 
selves in the matter of disarmament if we 
give a good deal of attention to other 
methods of creating confidence, good-will 
and a feeling of safety. Disarmament will 
then seem less dangerous and will in its 
turn add to the feeling of good-will. Let 
me conclude my remarks by saying, then, 
that the Lnited States can render no better 
service to the cause of Disarmament at this 
point than by joining the World Court. 

Whither Modern Learning ? 
(Continued from Page 23) 

but I thought of Pater's phrase, "a dark, 
mistaken eagerness." 

And despite the fact that I was by that 
time on top of a Fifth Avenue bus careen- 
ing wildly in do^vTi town traffic at five of 
an afternoon, I heard again in my inner 
ear that sweet low voice which had opened 
so many new worlds to me as a school girl. 
I had wept silently over Elaine, I had 
pitied but condemned John Brown, I had 
romped with Prince Hal and Falstaff — each 
had been an adventure, and although I am 
sure she had no gauge for ticking out mili- 
meters of appreciation, I am equally sure 
that our lady ivith the key to the gateway 
of adventure was certain of her aims and 
cognizant of her success. "Adventures 
among Masterpieces!" That was my educa- 
tion, and that was my vision for the thou- 
sands of children who were to be educated 
by another small voice. But what kind of 
adventure can one offer with an eye on 
charts and tests? Like going camping with 
a frigidaire in one's pack, I thought. Play- 
ing safe, you see, and not entirely giving 
oneself up to the adventure. 

If those titles were the signs of the educa- 
tional times, then my dream for the chil- 
dren educated by radio was a deluding 
myth. Their adventures would be charted 
and their guides would know infallibly 
where thev were going. 

That night, alone and somewhat troubled 
by my thoughts of the afternoon, I took 
down my King Arthur and I was soon back 
in the lost world of romance. The little 
girl who had listened in wrapt attention 
when she had first met Elaine, now joined 
me. She sat spellbound again, and we 
held each other's hand in deep content. 

Our Selective Admissions 

(Continued from Page 22) 

two from private schools. In order to 
have an objective standard for measuring 
the quality of preparation of these students 
the college has placed these scholarships 
on the basis of College Board examina- 
tions, which are considered in addition to 
the other admission credentials. In rous- 
ing interest in these scholarships tlie alum- 
nae may perform a valuable service for 
Sweet Briar. A brief announcement re- 
garding the scholarships appears on pages 

The Sweet Briar Plates, fashioned in dinner- 
ware size by the Royal Caul don Works in 
England, are still available. The Gadroon 
shape with its natural floral border frames 
the subtle charm of Sweet Briar House. 

Tea Cups and Saucers . 
Tea Plates . . . . 
Bread and Butter Plates 

$10.00 per dozen. Sugar Bowl . $3.00 each 
9.00 " " Cream Pitcher, 2.00 " 
7.00 " " Teapot, (6-cup), 3.50 " 
Express Extra on these Items 

Make, checks payable and address orders to 

SWEET BRIAR PLATES, care Alumnae Secretary 





Alumnae News 


141 and 142 of the most recent catalogue, 
and the registrar's office will be happy to 
send full information to alumnae and to 
interested students. 

There are two sorts of satisfaction which 
an alumna might gain from reading this 
article — one, that she was exempt from 

many measurements and much red tape; 
tlie other that the Alumnae Association 
may profit from these methods since it has 
truly been said that "it is the business of 
the college to make alumnae" and we are 
trying hard to make good ones! 







718 Main Street Lynchburg, Va. 

Te-Uphom 2-1-8-4 

36 SvTEET Briar College 

The Boxwood Circle at 
Sweet Briar 

''Euclid alone has looked on Beauty there." 


If weary of endless space and search 
For that infinity where lines may meet, 
Euclid, the master mind that penetrated 
Nearest to the soul of form and beauty 

Sometimes slips back to earth to look once 

On beauty chiseled into contours fair. 
It is to Sweet Briar garden that he comes 
To lose himself in loveliness most rare. 
The abandon of the craftsman, well con- 
Has wrought from deep green boxwood 

cleanly clipped 
A circle that once caught and still does 

The strange enchantment of a perfect 

Even in sunlight moves a presence there; 
In moonlight mortals "look on beauty 


— Jean Grigsby Paxton. 

Alumnae News 


The Dance Program 

The program of the Mid-Winter Cotillion, Sweet Briar, February 12, 1909. 





1. Two Step — A Big Night Tonight. 

2. Waltz— Fd Rather Waltz Through 
a Dreamy Old Waltz With You, 
You, You. 

3. Two Step — Harrigan. 

4. Waltz— Waltz With Me, Dear, 'Til 
Fm Dreamv. 

5. Two Step — Snuggle LTp a Little 

6. Waltz — Slumber On, My Little 
Gypsy Sweetheart. 

7. Two Step — Don't Be Cross With 

8. Waltz — Friends That Are Good 
And True. 
Two Step — Idaho. 
Waltz— Melody of Love. 
Two Step — Honey Boy. 
Waltz— Merry Widow Waltz. 



Two Step — Dixie. 

14. Waltz— Ah! Gee! Be Sweet to Me, 

15. Two Step — Jungle Town. 

16. Waltz— Vilia. 

17. Two Step— What's the Use. 

18. Waltz— Waltz Dream. 
Two Step — It's Awful Lonesome 

Waltz — Love Me Just Because. 
Two Step — Maybe, Sometime. 
Waltz — La Paloma. 
Two Step — Wannaloo. 
Waltz — Home, Sweet Home. 




Annie Marion Powell, Josephine Wads- 
worth Murray, Louise McLaine Hooper, 
Virginia Shoop, Nelle Keller, Martha V. 
Bell, Frances Payne Murrell. 

Eugenia Whyte Griffin, Roxlena Critch- 
field Johnson, Virginia D. Etheridge, Lucy 
Winston Sims, Martha V. Bell, Kathleen 



IT has been our observation that the demand for our equip- 
ment increases in direct ratio with the better appreciation 
of good bows and arrows. Knowledge of the funda- 
mentals of archery is becoming more widespread with its ever 
increasing popularity. 

As the Archer gains proficiency in the sport it soon be- 
comes obvious that individually owned good equipment is a 
distinct advantage in making consistendy high scores. 

Constant practice with the same bow and group of arrows 
instills a confidence so thorough, that the equipment seems to 
become a part of one's self. 

Our catalog containing authoritative information on all 
phases of the sport, will be sent you gladly, on request. 



Sweet Brur College 

Campus Life 

By Sally Shallenberger, '32 

CAMPUS life— it begins with tlie fa- 
miliar but always startling laundry 
whistle and ends with the ten-thirt)- 
bell. Between dawn and the time Mr. 
Beard goes around collecting mail and 
stray bits of information on our night-life, 
the interests of the students may lead them 
into many different t)'pes of campus activ- 
ity. However, there are two places which 
figure in the daily existence of every girl, 
(the dell and the post office) unless she 
is confined by illness in the luxurv of Dr. 
Harley's infirmary. The alluring nature 
of the post office is as obvious as it is 
eternal. Even the spaciousness of the new 
building does not prevent a mob scene at 
tlie appointed hours when the mail is "put 
up." But the attraction of the dell is not 
limited to any particular time. TVTiether 
the temperature calls for summer dresses 
or racoon coats, whether classes are in 
session or not, the dell is never without its 
colorful clusters of girls who sit about, 
cigarette in hand, discussing evervthing 
from a dreaded quiz or an anticipated 
week-end to Kant's categorical imperative. 
The dell has become the successor to Bus 
Rhea's for discussions as well as smoking. 
Two years ago, the charm of the little old 
smoke-filled barn with its atmosphere of 
intimacy and its iron stove around which 
we huddled on cold afternoons, was worth 
walking tlie advertised mile. Though some 
of us may miss that picturesqueness, the 
dell as one of the loveliest spots on cam- 
pus has easily taken its place. 

The Boxwood Inn is next in rank of those 
places where an interested observer mav 
take up a strategic position to behold cam- 
pus life. The depression has not decreased 
the number of morning dissipators. spend- 
ing a vacant period over coca-colas and 
cookies. And the Tea House temptation is 
just as strong as ever to the exhausted, 
bloomer-clad procession that straggles up 
the hill from the lower hockey field in the 
afternoons. The Inn continues to be the 
scene of teas with one's favorite teachers 
and of surprise birthdav parties. And 
somehow that Boxwood specialty, the eter- 

nal "chicken salad and waffles," still re- 
mains an enticing prospect. 

Strangers often ask in disparaging tones 
what on earth we find to do at a college 
'way out in the country. But at Sweet 
Briar, our isolated campus affords a 
means of self expression for every girl. 
The nature addicts have round them the 
constantlv changing panorama of the foot- 
hills of the Blue Ridge JMountains, with 
all the beauty that the name promises. 
Those whose athletic tendencies are limited 
to walking have an innumerable choice of 
little hidden paths, through the pine for- 
ests, over rustic stiles and Virginia rail 
fences. The even less energetic exercisers 
can find satisfaction in the windy road to 
the orchard. The bookworm is equally 
well provided for. For one thing, she can 
spend her spare time in the Browsing 
Room. However, even those truant readers 
are better acquainted with the interior of 
the reading room than with any other part 
of the library, for. contrary to the opinions 
of outsiders, who are impressed only by 
the name "Sweet Briar" by its musical 
quality and its suggestion of pastoral in- 
souciance, the librarv is the most frequent- 
ed building on campus. 

On week-ends, it is true, our propensity 
to studv is not so obvious. Both students 
and campus discard their rural simplicity 
for a few signs of metropolitanism. High 
heels and silk stockings replace the usual 
socks and "campus models," while innum- 
erable roadsters, some long and racy, 
others not so long and not at all racv. file 
through the gates past Mr. Beard's faultless 
vision. The polo-coated passengers from 
nearby institutions of masculine education 
disembark, and, each accompanied by a 
Sweet Briar girl, form an endless Big Pa- 
rade between the Quadrangle and die old 
oak tree when the weeklv gvm in the Com- 
mon Room is over. 

But shortly after the ten-thirty bell, when 
the roar of the departing cars has subsided, 
the quiet is disturbed onlv bv a few faint 
sounds from the radios of the Guv Lombar- 

B \I S P D Tryo 


J r L a 

f a scries of 

TIME adz t s 

t p eparcd hy 

J or Lea 

c s 

In December, 1 170, Archbishop of Canter- 
bury, Thomas a Becket was foully murdered 
before the altar in Canterbury Cathedral by 
henchmen of King Henry II. In vain Henry 
fasted, wept, denied responsibility God-fear- 
ing bishops, clerics and laymen, kno^^ing that 
the death of Saint Thomas occurred after hasty 
words uttered by the King; knowing also, that 
it followed years of bitter controversy between 
Henry and Becket on questions of Church 
versus State privilege, doubted his sincerity, 
thirsted for his excommunication 

Back in Normandy, after the conquest of 
Ireland (undertaken at this time partly to es- 
cape visits from papal legates), amid his dis- 
sension-ridden French provinces. Henry found 
himself still in bad odor with the church, ar- 
dently desired reconciliation At Avranches he 
buried his pride, met legates of Pope Alexander 
III, before whom he swore to innocence of the 
murder, and as penance for his angry words 
promised many concessions To complete his 
submission he secretly vowed a final humilia- 

As TIME had it been published July 16. 
1174 would have reported subsequent events 

Idle onlookers at the gateway of the town of 
Canterbury last week watched weary travellers plod- 
ding barefooted toward the great Cathedral Object 

to visit the shrine of the late Archbishop. Thomas a 
Becket, sainted martyr of the Roman Catholic Church 

Bloodstained footprints in the dust behind him 
drew the attention of the bystanders to one pilgrim 
in particular Ruddy, square-jawed, freckle faced, 
noble in mien, though in the garb of a penitent, he 
made his way thru the dusty street of Canterbury 
followed by a crowd of the curious, who soon knew 
him to be his most gracious Majesty. Henry II, 
King of England. Duke of Normandy, Count of 
Anjou, Maine and Touraine. Count of Poitou, Duke 
of Aquitaine, suzerain lord of Britanny 

Up the steps of Canterbury Cathedral, mto the 
vaulted silence they follov/ed. King Henry straight- 
way descended m;o the crypt, threw himself at the 
foot of the sepulchre of Saint Thomas, where he lav 
prostrate with outstretched arms, bitterly groaning, 
weeping, the while Gilbert Foliot. Bishop of London 
ascended the pulpit and addressed the multitude 

Eloquent, he adjured them to believe the Kmg's 
assertions of his innocence of the murder of Becket 
and to accept this humiliating penance as proof of 
his regret for the passionate expression which had 
led to the crime, albeit unintentionally. The expres- 
sion "Will none of the cowards who eat my bread, 
rid me of this turbulent priest,"' uttered shortly be- 
fore the murder to a group of courtiers 

Not yet content, burly King Henry repaired to the 
Chapter House, where were assembled eighty monks 
and bishops Here he stripped, bent his bare shoul- 
ders, received from each monk three, from each 
bishop five stinging lashes with a monastic rod. 

Bruised and bleeding he returned to the shrine, 
fasted, and watched the night thru, at dawn took 
horse to London where he arrived next day His 
Majesty is still confined to his bed 

Cultivated Americans, impatient -with cheap sensationalism and windy bias, 
turn increasingly to publications edited in the historical spirit. These publica- 
tions, fair-dealing, vigorously impartial, devote themselves to the public weal 
in the sense that they report what they see, serve no masters, fear no groups. 




The Weekly Newsmagazine 








For Sale in the Alumnae Office 

Alumnae News 


do fans and by a hushed murmur of voices 
engaged in some all-important "bull ses- 
sion." A circle of friends — a difference of 
opinions — the first experiences of defend- 

ing one's own ideas — all lead to decisions 
that mold our characters into what we are 
now and more importantly into what we 
will be after we have scattered. 

Christmas and the Alumnae Office 

"It isn't the gift; it's the sentiment be- 
hind it." Wliat greater sentiment could be 
shown an old friend than a gift expressive 
of the days at Sweet Briar? And this gift 
may be obtained in your own Alumnae 
Office. A new shipment of plates has just 
arrived; the price is thirteen dollars a 
dozen, delivered anywhere in the Linited 
States. The new china, which you read 
about last month, is now reduced in price; 
tea cups and saucers for ten dollars a 
dozen, tea plates for nine dollars a dozen, 
and bread and butter plates for seven dol- 
lars a dozen. The sugar bowl is now three 
dollars, the cream pitcher is two dollars, 
and the tea pot (six cup) is three dollars 
and fifty cents. Express on this new china 
is extra. 

For the lover of art we have the etch- 
ings; Sweet Briar House, the Cabin, and 
the Oak. Speaking of the Oak perhaps 
you should know the sad news that it has 
had to be cut again and now only a little 
of the stately old tree remains. We were 
indeed fortunate to have had the etching 
done before the Davey Tree men arrived 
this fall. These etchings are all the work 

of the eminent artist, Mr. Don Swann. of 
Baltimore, Maryland. 

Something new! The air plane picture 
(see page 17] ! There are just one hun- 
dred of these for sale at one dollar a piece 
plus ten cents postage. The picture is 
eight by ten inches and shows all of the 
buildings on the campus including an ex- 
cellent view of the new gymnasium. 

Increased interest has been shown in the 
Book Plates that are being done by Billy 
Dew. In this issue on page 40 you will 
find a new plate showing the winding stair 
case of the Library. A very special price 
has been placed on these that they may 
be within reach of every Sweet Briar girl. 
They are ten dollars a thousand, six dol- 
lars for five hundred, and three dollars for 
two hundred and fifty. Five days' notice 
is required before shipment can be made, 
so please anticipate your orders now. 

Considerable time and effort has been 
spent in arranging for the sale of the 
charming Sweet Briar reminders. Please 
show your co-operation and shop with the 
Alumnae Office when possible. 






of Etchings Sent On Request 

879 Park Avenm 

Baltimore, Maryland 


Sweet Briar College 


REDUCED FARES have been autho- 
rized for the Christmas Holidays. 

Tickets sold for use Dee. 16-25, 1931. 

Final return limit January 6, 1932. 

Tickets will be good in Pullman sleep- 
ing or Parlor cars upon payment of 
proper charges for space occupied, and 
will permit stopovers enroute. 

Convenient train service to all points. 

For additional information relative 
to these and OTHER very attractive 
round trip fares communicate with 
Local Ticket Agent, SOUTHERN 
Chas. F. Bigelow, DPA, 
McPherson Sci., 15 & K Sts., N. W., 

Washington, D. C. 
Phones National 1465 or National 1460. 

Southern Railway 

Compliments of 



711 Boylston Street 
Boston, Mass. 

Class Personals 


Madeline Sacks Schauer is doing some very 
special "vvork in portrait painting. 

Elizabeth Darnell Snyder has moved from her 
home in Florida to Roanoke, Virginia, to live. 

Anne Keith Drake has been in Cleveland, Ohio, 
where she went with Mr. Drake to help direct the 
opening performance of their new play "Against 
the Wind."" 

Margaret Reed Collard has a daughter born 


Anne Powell Hodges was the hostess for the 
Special Guests" Tent during the recent celebration 
at Yorktown. 

Eugenia Griffin Burnett returned to college to 
attend the October meeting of the Board of Over- 
seers of the college. She remained for Founders' 


Claudine Griffin Holcomb, ex-'ll, returned to 
college for Founders" Day. 

Reunion 1932. 



Mary Pinkerton Kerr has returned to her home 
in Spartanburg, South Carolina, from spending a 
year at the University of Virginia where she has 
been working on her Ph.D. 

Margaretta Ribble (Dr.) has returned from 
Europe where she has been doing many interest- 
ing things on a two-year Research Fellowship. 

Reunion 1932. 



Reunion 1932. 

Sarah Wilson Faulkner, ex-'15, is teaching home 
economics in a school in Chesterfield County, 

Reunion 1932. 

Reunion 1932. 

Elizabeth Lownmn Hall is the new president 
of tlie Junior League of Elmira, New York. 

Reunion 1932. 

Mary McCormick, ex- '22, is now Mrs. Warren 
Andrews and lives in Montgomery, Alabama. 

Marie Klooz is the chairman of the Sweet Bilar 
table for the intercollegiate alumnae luncheon 
which is being given under the auspices of the 
College Club of Pittsburgh. Marie was recently 
on campus for the week-end. 

Eugenia Goodall Ivey has a daughter, Eleanor 

Alumnae News 


Dorothy Herbison Hawkins has a son, John H., 
born last July. 

Maiy Nadine Pope is the librarian at the Cleve- 
land Institute of Music and is assisted by Mar- 
garet Cramer, '27. 

Helen Tremann Spahr has a son born recently. 

Mary Craighill is acting as secretary to her 
grandfather. She is also secretary and treasurer 
of Christ Church in Savannah. 

Martha Lee Williamson has a son born last 

Eleanor Miller Patterson, with her small son, 
spent some time on campus this summ:r. 

Susan Hager Rohrer spent some time visiting 
Eugenia Goodall Ivey at her home in Lynchburg. 

Margaret Hague Pfantz has returned to her 
home after spending some time with Dora Han- 
cock Williams. 

Frances Burnett Mellon has a daughter, Mai-y 
Ann, born last August. 

Juliet Selby Hill's child is a girl and not a boy 
as was previously armounced. 

Lucy Reaves has been spending the past two 
weeks visiting friends in San Antonio, Texas. 

Nancy Bryson Smith, ex-'25, has a son born last 
June. She has moved to East Orange, New Jer- 
sey, to live. 

Helen Harpster Seney, ex-"25, has a son, Henry 
HI, born early in October. 


Wanda Jensch is now Mrs. Wilton Winans 
Harris and is living in Brooklyn, New York. 

Tavennor Hazelwood Whitaker has returned 
from her wedding trip and has moved to Chatta- 
nooga, Tennessee, to live. 

Nell Atkins is assistant in a nursery school in 

Alberta MacQueen was married to Mr. De- 
Ranger while in England visiting Amy Williams 
Hunter, '25. 


Margaret Williams was married on October 21, 
to Mr. Charles Armistead Bayne. They will live 
in Norfolk, Virginia. 

Laura Boynton is now Mrs. J. Mott Rawlings 
and has moved to El Paso, Texas, to live, 

Caroine Compton is spending some time at 
Mrs. Wills in Amherst and is doing some paint- 

Elizabeth Miller Allen has moved to Cincinnati 
to live. 

Ann Ashurst Gwathmey, ex-"27, is working in a 
book store in New York. 


Virginia Van Winkle was man-ied on November 
21 to Mr. John Bailie Morlidge, Jr. 

Louise Bristol was married on November 28 to 
Mr. Ronald Wilson Lindemann. 

Bess Lowrance has moved to Chattanooga, Ten- 
nessee, to live. She spent the Thanksgiving holi- 
days in Ponca City, Oklahoma. 


Mary Marshall Morehead is modeling this win- 
ter at Macy's in New York. 

Does Your Annual 
Reflect Credit 
On Your School ? 

By careful planning money can 
be saved and a book of high 
quality produced at reasonab'.e 

School publications are our speci- 
alty, and our artist - engravers 
will be glad to show you the most 
economical way. 

Nearly 100 books engraved in 
1931. There must be a reason. 
Write us for particulars. 

Lynchburg Engraving 

Lynchburg, Virginia 

^. I . v.. /\. 


The answer to why stay at home ... if 
you've never been before, here's how ... if 
you're an inveterate traveler here's the new 
mode . . . S'TCA is Tourist Class on Holland 
America Liners reserved for university people 
... an inexpensive, gay, informal passage 
for about $200 round-trip . . . accommodations 
that include the entire former second class 
on all steamers . . . they're off weekly to 
England, France and Holland . . . come alo'ng. 


Holland America Line 
24 State Stre et New York City 

Nora Lee Antrin has gone to Boston where she 
will spend the winter. 

Bess Anita Peters is doing psychiatric social 
work for the Veterans' Administration in Coates- 
ville, Pennsylvania. 

Margaret Green, ex-"29, is spfnding the winter 
in Boston. 

Julia Harrison, ex-'29, was married on October 
24 to Dr. James Winston Watts. 

Julia Thomas, ex-'29, is secretary to a laxvyer 
in Baltimore. 


Sweet Briar College 


Marjorie Sturges is teaching French, Latin and 
English in the high school in Rye, New York. 

Elizabeth Marston has been visiting Rosalie 
Faulkner. ex-'31. at her home in Lynchburg. 

Eleanor Marshall was married recently to Mr. 
Beverly Tucker and has moved to Baltimore, 
Maiyland. to live. 

Lucy Harrison Miller has returned to her home 
in Lynchburg from Charlottesville where she went 
to participate in the Farmingtan Country Club 
golf tournament. 

Monai Stone Green has a daughter, Anne Mc- 
Millan, born September 10. 

Emma Reily is spending the winter in Boston. 

Emilie Jasperson, ex-'30, is now Mrs. Carl 
Bayha and lives in Toledo, Ohio. 


Reunion 1932. 

Agnes Cleveland spent several days on campus 
recently on her way to her home. She was re- 
turning from New York where she went to attend 
the wedding of Pauline Woodward to Mr. Robert 
Hill, Other members of the wedding party were 
Sims Massee, Dorothy Ayres, ex-'31, and Cecil 
Woodward, '29. 

Martha von Briesen has retumed to her home 
after spending several weeks in Boston. Martha 
is now working in her father's office. 

Jessie Hall. Mary Frances Westcott, Elizabeth 
Phillips and Meta Moore spent a week on campus 
the last of October. 

Cynthia Vaughn and Mary Lynn Carlson have 
been spending some time with Maiy Leigh Seaton 
at her home in Richmond, Virginia. 

Caroline Heathe made her debut the last of 
October at her home in Norfolk, Virginia. She 
spent a week-end on campus recently. 

Frances Lee Kelly visited the campus for a few 
days early in November as did Virginia Keyser. 

Barbar Main has returned to her home after 
spending a week with Phoebe Rowe Peters in 
Rochester, New York. 

Maiy Lou Flournoy is spending the month of 
November in New York. 

Eileen Fowler, ex-'31, was manied recently to 
Mr. Robert Bardwell. Betty GofI, ex-'31, was a 
member of the wedding party. 

Frances O'Brian spent a couple of weeks at 
Mrs. Wills recently. 

Flora Blair Austen, ex-'31, has announced her 
engagement to Mr. Talbot Mercer Rogers. 

Isabel Bush, ex-"31, is making her debut this 
winter at her home in Mobile. Alabama 


Elizabeth and Eleanor Layfield are attending 
the Meredith College at Raleigh, North Carolina. 

S'usan Gay is living in New York this winter 
and is attending the Arts League there. 


Dorothy Eckler is at the Pittsburgh College 
for Women. 

Marion Walker is continuing her studies at the 
LIniversity of Kansas. 

Marjorie Westcott is studying music in New 

Anna Young is studying at the University of 
Oklahoma this winter. 

Betty Henigbaum has entrred Northwestern 
University for the winter. 

Dorothy Hutchinson is attending Northwestern 
LIniversity this winter. 

Hattie Johnson is taking a business course in 
Richmond, Virginia. 

Bemadene Johnson is attending North Carolina 
ColLge for Women at Greensboro, North Caro- 

Charlotte Meyer is studying at the Grand Cen- 
tral School of Art in New York. 

Angelia Morrison will spend the winter in 
Washington. D. C, where she will make her 

Maiy Reif is attending the University, of Michi- 

Jeannette Ricketts is spending the winter in 
Washington, D. C, where she is attending Chevy 
Chase School, 

Eleanor Rust is studying art at the Corcoran 
Art Gallery in Washington, D. C. 

Nancy Savage is spending the winter in New 
York where she is attending the Finch School. 

Virginia Scott is attending the Katherine Gibbs 
School in New York. 

Suzanne Slater is attending the University of 
South Carolina. 

Elsbeth Toepfer is attending the University of 






Volume I Number 2 

^tiiect Idtiaz alumnae l^etos 

Editor — Vivienne Barkalow Breckenridge, '18 

Table of Contents 

Reading Room, Mary Helen Cochran Library Frontispiece 

To All Sweet Briar Alumnae 3 

Editorial Comment , 4 

With the President 5 

Club Activities 6 

Commencement, June, 1932 9 

Proposed Change in the Contitution of the Alumnae Association 9 

Report of the Nominating Committee 10 

The Student Book Shop and the Alumnae 10 

From the Art Department 12 

Sweet Briar Hostess to Advisory Group on College Libr.aries 13 

Concerts and Lectures 14 

The Co-operative Test Service 15 

.\ Summer Vacation at O.xford 15 

The George Washington Bicentennial 16 

The Honor Banquet 16 

Preachers to the College 17 

Planting Plans 18 

From the Athletic Department 21 

May Day 21 

Common Sense Week 24 

From the Music Department 25 

The American Alumni Council 25 

National Student Federation Association 25 

Rome in the 1930's 27 

Campus News 29 

Cl.ass Personals 31 

The Alumnae Neics is a member of the American Alumni Council 


Four times a year — March. June, October and December 
Subscription Rate — $1.00 a year; Single Copies. 30 Cents 
.\pplication for entiy as second class matter is pending 


To All Sweet Briar Alumnae 

ONCE more it is my pleasui"e and 
privilege to greet you in this spring 
message, and to extend to you, on 
behalf of the Alumnae Association, a most 
cordial invitation to come to Sweet Briar 
for the approaching commencement. If 
you happen to be in one of the "reuning" 
classes, I hope you will make an especial 
effort to return; but if you are not, and it 
is convenient and possible for you to come, 
rest assured that a warm welcome awaits 
you. No one who has not had the experi- 
ence can realize the satisfaction and in- 
spiration of three days on that beautiful 
campus — three days in which one forgets 
the intervening years and renews the old 
delightful associations. 

I am sure that you have enjoyed espec- 
ially the last two issues of the alumnae 
magazine, and that with me you want to 
congratulate our efficient secretary on its 
changed character and scope — enlarged to 
make it a more real expression of all the 
phases of our growing college and also to 
keep us alumnae, who are rather prone to 
become stale, in touch with the educational 
movements and tendencies of the time. 

I hope all of you enjoyed as much as I 
the resume of Miss Glass' chapel talks on 
worship. I rejoiced to feel that the Sweet 
Briar students could hear those talks from 
just such a person as Miss Glass, and it 
was fine that we alumnae could also benefit 
from them. 

And was not each one of you thrilled by 
the Registrar's article, "Our Selective Ad- 
missions"? Truly the college is doing its 
part in the making of "good alumnae." 
Let us do our part in keeping ourselves 
up to standard after we are made. 

All of us, I feel, need to keep in closer 
touch with the college — its aims, purposes 
and outlook. Some of us, I am afraid, 
have no conception of the growth and ex- 

pansion of Sweet Briar since we were stu- 
dents there. Founded thirty years ago, its 
doors opened to a small group of students 
twenty-five years ago, the college, after a 
quarter of a century, stands today with 
the leading educational institutions of the 
country. We, as Alumnae, have every 
right to be proud of it: we have every 
reason to give to it our interest, love and 
loyal support. A well-known alumni sec- 
retary has said, "In the close inter-relation- 
ship between college and alumni, onlv the 
fringes of which have been touched lie vast 
possibilities of constructive service and of 
mutual aid." Realizing the truth of this, 
let each one of us resolve to do better each 
year her part as an alumna. 

Nan Powell Hodges, '10. 


The College Thinks of its Alumnae 

ALWAYS you seem to read of what 
the alumnae are doing for the col- 
lege and now you have the tables 
turned and the college is doing something 
for jou. Full explanation of the plan of 
the Book Shop Committee will be found in 
Miss Eraser's article on "The Student Book 
Shop and the Alumnae." A word here is, 
however, not amiss, for such a plan de- 
serves not only praise from every alumna 
but it is bound to receive the heartiest 
response from all book lovers. The com- 
mittee in offering this plan to you has 
thought of all of the details that will sim- 
plify your purchases. It has listed for 
you the best-sellers at a discount. If any 
book is out of stock when your order 
arrives, arransiements have been made to 

have your order filled and shipped direct 
to you from the publisher. While the 
Reading Corner is only a few months old 
it is one of the most popular places on the 
campus for the students and the plan to 
serve the alumnae should prove equally 
popular to them. 

The college has also made it possible for 
the Alumnae Clubs to have the use of a 
movie film of campus life. This film in- 
cludes the laying of the cornerstone of the 
Daisy Williams Gj^mnasium, the interior of 
the gymnasium showing classes in action, 
the library, the Horse Show, the ceremonies 
on Foimders' Day at the Monuments and 
many other scenes of the buildings and 
grounds. This film will be increased from 
time to time as events of interest occur. 

From Cherry Checks to Golden Galleons 

YOLR Alumnae Office has just passed 
mid-stream, so to speak, and it is 
now up to you whether it sinks or 
swims. The office is the only one in the 
South that is self supporting, and one of 
the few in the country able to pay its own 
way. We know that you who have made 
this splendid reputation possible, will do 
your part to maintain it. Two years ago 

cherry colored checks were sent to all 
alumnae whose dues were not paid by 
March first; the result was very gratifying. 
Last year blue checks, with a poem of 
"blues" on the stubs, were sent to those 
who had not paid by the appointed time, 
with equally satisfactory results. This 
year we hope to save the postage on these 
checks by referring you to page 23. 

Sl)Of) "^itl) tl)e Alumnae Office "^Ijeti 4^os5ible 

Alumnae News 

With the President 

PRESIDENT GLASS went to Chapel 
Hill on November 11 to attend the 
inauguration of President Graham at 
the University of North Carolina. 

President Glass attended the November 
meeting in New York of the advisory group 
on College Libraries of the Carnegie Cor- 
poration. From this meeting she went to 
Montgomery, Alabama, to be present at the 
annual meeting of the Association of Col- 
leges and Secondary Schools of the South- 
ern States. 

On January 21 and 22 President Glass 
attended the annual meeting of the Asso- 
ciation of American Colleges held in Cin- 
cinnati, Ohio. At this meeting she was 
made a member of the committee on Col- 
lege Architecture and the Teaching of the 
Fine Arts. President F. C. Ferry of Hamil- 
ton College is the chairman of this com- 
mittee. Wliile in Cincinnati, Miss Glass 
and Mrs. Lill, Registrar, who accompanied 
her were the honor guests at a tea given 
by the Cincinnati Alumnae Club at the 
Queen City Club. 

The annual meeting of the Association 
of Virginia Colleges was held in Richmond 
on February 12 and 13. Miss Glass was 
President of the Association and presided 
at all of the meetings. She opened the 
program with an address on The Teacher 
— his ideal qualifications — how he is to be 
found — and how he can be kept at his best. 

While in Richmond Miss Glass spoke at 
the Collegiate School for Girls on "Why I 
Would Go To College, and Why If a Rich- 
mond Girl To Sweet Briar." Miss Glass 
and Mrs. Breckenridge, Alumnae Secretary, 
were the guests of honor at a tea given by 
the members of the Richmond Alumnae 
Club on Thursday, February 11. 

President Glass has accepted the invita- 
tion of the Board of Directors of the Amer- 
ican Association of University Women to 
be a member of the committee to study the 
criteria whereby the qualification of women 
for election to Phi Beta Kappa ma)^ be 
determined. The committee will begin its 
work on March 21 in New York City. This 
study has been asked for by the Committee 
on Criteria and Methods of the Phi Beta 
Kappa Senate. Those who have accepted 
membership on this new committee of the 
American Association of University Wo- 
men beside President Glass are: President 
Woolley. Mount Holyoke College, Presi- 
dent Reinhardt, Mills College; President 
Blunt, Connecticut College; Dean Morriss, 
Pembroke College and Dean Schenck, Bryn 
Mawr College. 

The Woman's Press, the official publica- 
tion of the National Board of the Y. W. 
C. A. has, with the permission of The 
Alumnae News, printed in part. President 
Glass' article on "Worship" which ap- 
peared in the December issue of The 
Alumnae News. 

Sweet Briar College 

Alumnae Clubs 

Following is a detailed report of the activities 
of the various Alumnae Clubs. We are more 
than pleased to announce the formation of three 
new Clubs: Birmingham, Duluth, and The East- 
ern Shore of Virginia Club, also the increased 
organization of the New \ork Club. Your Coun- 
cil and especially your secretaiy wish to take this 
opportunity to congratulate all of the Clubs for 
their splendid work during the year. More Clubs 
are meeting oftener than previously, and an in- 
creased interest in Club activities is constantly 
noticed. It is this splendid co-operation and in- 
terest that has helped to lighten our burden in 
solving the many problems of the year. 

AMHERST—Miss Ann Lewis, '30, was re- 
elected President of this recently organized Club. 
During this past summer the Club gave a bridge 
party that was most successful. They plan for 
this year's entertainment a play to be given some 
time during the coming summer. 

BALTIMORE— Miss Elizabeth Ann Marston. 
'30, was elected President of this Club for the 
coming year. While definite plans for their 
spring activities are not completed it is certain 
that this well established Club will continue to 
do its part for Sweet Briar. 

BIRMINGHAM— Miss Mildred Hodges, ex- '33, 
was elected President of this, one of our Clubs 
organized on Sweet Briar Day this year. For 
some time Birmingham has only held Sweet Briar 
Day, but they have now organized and plan a 
benefit for the spring and are well on their way 
to be one of our most enthusiastic groups. 

CHICAGO— Miss Louise Lutz, "29, was re- 
elected President of this Club at their Sweet 
Briar Day meeting, which was held at Maillai'd's. 
Chicago is planning an interesting meeting for 
April 20, when they will entertain Mrs. Lill, 
Registrar, at dinner at the College Club. Mrs. 
Lill. who will be there attending the annual 
meeting of the American Association of Colleg- 
iate Registrars, will take with her the movie film 
and will show it at this meeting. From reports 
this early a large attendance is expected. 

CINCINNATI— Miss Mary Lee, '28, was re- 
elected President for the coming year. This Club 
had the pleasure of having as honor guests at tea 
at the Queen City Club on Januai-y 22, Miss Glass 
and Mrs. Lill, who were in Cincinnati attending 
the annual meeting of the Association of Ameri- 
can Colleges. The eight Cincinnati girls who will 
be freshmen next year and their mothers also at- 
tended the tea. At present their plans for a 
benefit are still uncertain, but whatever this Club 
undertakes it always does successfully, so we 
know that they will add one more acbievement 
to their many this spring. 

CLEVELAND— Helen Pennock Jewitt. Acad- 
emy, has been elected President of the Cleveland 
Club, which is one of our largest and most active 
Clubs. Miss Hilda Harpster, "27, attended their 
meeting on Sweet Briar Day and spoke to a large 

group not only of alumnae but to the many girls 
in Cleveland interested in coming to Sweet Briar. 
She showed the movie film that has been taken 
for the use of the Clubs. A report of her speech 
follows the Club reports. This Club as a group 
goes one day a month to Lakeside Hospital to 
make surgical dressings, beside doing individual 
volunteer work in the name of the Sweet Briar 
Club at the City Hospital. During the Christmas 
holidays they gave their annual subscription 
dance at the University Club and the reports show 
that it was successful from eveiT standpoint. This 
Club also plans a spring benefit and has several 
ideas that they are working on but at this time 
it is uncertain as to which they will carry out. 

WASHINGTON, D. C— Miss Elizabeth Saun- 
ders. "30, was re-elected President of this Club at 
its Sweet Briar Day meeting, which was a lunch- 
eon held at the Shoreham Hotel, and which was 
well attended by alumnae and also present stu- 
dents. Vivienne Barkaloiv Breckenridge, "18, was 
their guest at this meeting and spoke on the 
various activities of the college. Early in Decem- 
ber they held a rummage sale which was con- 
sidered extremely successful. This Club also 
plans a spring entertainment for the benefit of 
the central office. 

DLLUTH — Frances Harrison, "30, reports for 
this Club that their luncheon held on Sweet Briar 
Day was almost one hundred per cent attended. 
Representatives from the Academy and College 
through the Class of 1933 were present. 

This is one of our newly formed clubs of which 
we are proud. Virginia Wilson, "27, was elected 
President. This Club plans to hold four meetings 
a year, and is enthusiastic over becoming an 
active club. 

LYNCHBURG— Miss Elizabeth Clark, '31, was 
elected President of the Club at its meeting on 
Sweet Briar Day. The Club has had several 
meetings this year and has voted that each girl 
will give a specified amount, the total of which 
will be given to the central office. 

though one of our smallest in numbers, is ex- 
tremely active and never fails to do its share for 
the good of their alma mater. They held a meet- 
ing on December 1, at the home of their Presi- 
dent, Katherine Shenehan Child, "22. This meet- 
ing took the form of a supper party. Sweet Briar 
Day was celebrated with a luncheon at the Min- 
neapolis Woman"s Club. 

NEW YORK CLUB (New York City and Nor- 
thern New .lersey) — Page Bird Woods, '28, was 
re-elected President of this Club at a meeting 
held at the home of Edna Lee Wood, "26. on 
December 1. The New York Club has decided 
to have regional secretaries, thereby making it 
possible to keep in closer touch with this large 
group. These secretaries are charged with the 
responsibility for the various benefits that will be 

Alumnae News 

given this spring. Each group has had a quota 
assigned to it and from past experience with this 
veiy active Club it is certain that the goals will 
be reached and New York will again be proud of 
its achievement. Their meeting on Sweet Briar 
Day took the form of a tea held at the home cf 
Hirlda IT illiams Lambert, "29, and according to 
reports was well attended. On Tuesday, March 
15, they held a meeting for the entire group. 
Nan Poiiell Hodges, '10, President of the Alum- 
nae Association, and Vivienne BarkaJoio Breck- 
enridge, "18, Alumnae Secretai-y, were present at 
this meeting and both Mrs. Hodges and Mrs. 
Breckenridge congratulated the New York Club 
on their past accomplishments. Mrs. Brecken- 
ridge spoke in detail on "'The Value of Organized 
Clubs to the Alumnae Association." The movie 
film, which is proving so popular to the Clubs, 
w"as shown at this meeting. 

PHILADELPHIA— Mai7 Sailer Gardiner. "2.5, 
was elected the new President of this Club at 
their Sweet Briar Day meeting. This Club is 

holding regular monthly luncheon meetings at the 
College Club. At their meeting held on March 
1, which was extremely well attended, the movie 
film was shown. Definite plans for their project 
for raising money this spring will be completed 
at their meeting to be held on Tuesday, April .5. 
Vivienne Barkalow Breckenridge, "18, will attend 
this meeting and will speak on "What An Alum- 
nae Association Means To Its College." 

PITTSBURGH— Dorothy Keller, '25, was re- 
elected the President of this Club at the Sweet 
Briar Day meeting which was held at the Twen- 
tieth Centuiy Club. This Club plans to have its 
customary rummage sale in April and anticipates 
another successful sale. They are already plan- 
ning to entertain at tea all Pittsburgh girls who 
are now students and all new girls coming to 
Sweet Briar for the first time next fall. At this 
meeting they plan to show the movie film. This 
tea to new and present students is an annual 
part cf the program of this very active club. 


Reading from left to right : Mildred Hodges, Hazel Stamps, Patricia Ireland, Mrs. Dave Mar- 
Iniry (Mildred Collier), Mrs. Jerome Meyer (Marjorie Abrams), Rosalie Weaver, Mrs. A. B. Frese 
(Dorothy Yates I, Sara Harrison, Helen Nice, Sarah Turner and Sarah Turpin. 


Sweet Briak College 

RICHMOND— Sue Brooke, '29, is the Presi- 
dent of tliis veiy active Club. Their lunclieon on 
Sweet Briar Day brought out a full attendance 
and at this time plans were started for their 
Treasure Hunt to be given this spring. Presi- 
dent Glass and Vivienne Barkalow Breckenridge, 
'18, Alumnae Secretary, were the guests of the 
Alumnae Club at tea on February 11. After Miss 
Glass spoke to the girls on the many plans that 
the college is working on, the movie film was 
shown. This meeting was well attended with 
practically every alumna in town, at that time, 
being present. 

ROANOKE— Claudine Griffia Holcombe, ex-"ll, . 
is the acting representative of this group. On 
October 7, Dr. Harley and Vivienne Barkaloiv 
Breckenridge, "18, Alumnae Secretary, attended 
an alumnae tea at the home of Mrs. Holcombe. 
This tea was well attended as practically every 
alumna living in and near Roanoke was present. 

Dr. Harley talked to the girls on the many im- 
provements at Sweet Briar. 

ROCHESTER— Helen Goodwin, ex-"32, is the 
President of this recently formed Club. While 
their plans, which were discussed at their Sweet 
Briar Day meeting, are not completed, it is ex- 
pected that they will give a benefit this spring. 

STAUNTON— This Club reports that their an- 
nual meeting held on Sweet Briar Day was well 
attended. Their meeting took the form of a 
luncheon held at the Mary Baldwin Alumnae Tea 
Room and was in charge of Agnes Sproul, '30. 

TOLEDO— Charlotte Whinery, '29, is the newly 
elected President of this Club. At their S'weet 
Briar Day meeting, which took the form of a 
luncheon followed by bridge, they voted to con- 
tinue their former plan of assessing each girl a 
sufficient amount to cover their annual dues to 
the Association. 

Hilda Harpster, '27, Speaks to Cleveland 
Alumnae and Their Guests 

(Editor's Note — At the meeting of the Cleviland Club held on Sweet Briar Day, Hilda Harp- 
ster, '27, Instructor in Biology at Sweet Briar College, spoke to a group of Alumnae and of seniors 
of the Cleveland schools who were gucsts at this meeting.) 

For the benefit especially of the high school 
seniors. Miss Harpster gave definite information 
about the location of the college, the history of 
its founding, its growth, and the life there. She 
described the lay of the campus, the academic 
buildings and living quarters of students and 
faculty. In speaking of Sweet Briar as a country 
college she said : 

"In this beautiful location, with the climate 
mild the greater part of the time, we can use to 
its full extent the great out-of-doors and learn 
to love the hills and woods. While we have all 
the advantages which a counti"y life has to offer, 
we are, however, near enough to centers of in- 
dustry to afford us a needed change. Within 
eleven miles is Lynchburg, where we may shop, 
go to movies, lectures, and concerts; within five 
hours by train is Washington, the national capitol, 
^vith its wealth of historical and aesthetic in- 
terests; New York is also within reasonable dis- 
tance. One can board the train in the evening 
at S'weet Briar and wake up the next morning 
in New York City. In a country college of this 
type there is a wonderful chance for all kinds of 
athletics, in the fall and spring, there is swim- 
ming, boating, and canoeing, in the Sweet Briar 
lake. Other sports include hockey, tennis, base- 
ball, hiking. La Crosse, track and riding. During 
the winter months the athletics are carried on in 
the gymnasium. In this lovely new building there 
are facilities for basketball, badminton, tennis, 
deck tennis, squash, interpretive dancing, tap, 
clogging, gymnastics, and various classes in pos- 

■'Chief among the sports of Sweet Briar is the 
riding. This Southland offers a perfect setting 
for this activity, with its countless paths, winding 
for miles and miles, through the woods and hills. 

The college maintains a good stable of saddle 
horses w'hich are available to the students. It is 
also possible to board your own horse at the 
Sweet Briar stable. Eveiy Thanksgiving Day 
there is a fox hunt, and to see the men and girls 
in their red coats, riding to the hounds seems like 
a page out of the past." 

-After telling of the social activities and other 
"sidelights" of Sweet Briar, she then talked of 
the intellectual life and of special phases of de- 
velopment in the curriculum. 

She drew the following contrast between life 
at a university and at Sweet Briar: 

"In the first place. Sweet Briar is a small com- 
munity, with only four hundred and seventy girls. 
It is in many respects like one large family. Al- 
though it is not possible to know all of the upper- 
classmen, you do know all of the girls in your 
class, and the choice of friends, to your own lik- 
ing, is unlimited. In a small school you stand 
out as an individual and there is the chance to 
express and develop any abilities which you may 
possess. For example, it is possible that you are 
interested in dramatics and even though your 
talent is extremely limited you will have your 
'inning'; for with the numerous shows and plays 
which are given anyone so desiring and having 
some talent can participate. In a university on 
the other hand, with its thousands and thousands 
of students, you are not an individual. You are 
simply a part and a veiy small part of a larger 
whole. Most of your classmates you never see 
outside of the class room so that the percentage 
of outside contacts with these people is very low. 

"Secondly, in a small college there is more 
opportunity for the interchange of ideas outside 
of a class room. Living as we do in intimate 
groups, you can discuss mth your friends that 

Alumnae News 

part of your work which has interested you or 
perhaps puzzled you. Well do I remember the 
evenings spent with some of my best friends dis- 
cussing these problems of mutual concern. We 
could never seem to agree on anything, and we 
were lucky, indeed, if the evening did not end 
in a pitched battle. However, the great amount 
of pleasure and stimulation that can be derived 
from such a meeting, is very evident. Now in 
a university on the other hand, where the classes 
are veiy large, your outside contacts are much 
fewer. Your interests are so diversified that the 
interchange of ideas in connection with your work 
often necessarily ends with the class room. 

"Thirdly, in a small college you are able to 
become well acquainted with the members of the 
faculty and to get their personal help in your 
work. I can assure you that many emergencies 
aiise in which you are only too glad for mature 
guidance and interest. The faculty of Sweet 
Briar College takes special pains to be on friend- 
ly terms with the students, in their offices or in 
their afternoons "at home" each week when you 
can drop in and talk to them. In a university 
you are lucky, indeed, if you are on speaking 

terms ivith the members of the faculty. More 
than likely the professor does not even know that 
you are in his class, so that you lose entirely this 
friendly touch which may be of extreme value." 

Miss Harpster chose three aims of the college 
to emphasize: the awakening and satisfying of 
intellectual curiosity, the foundation for graduate 
study, and the vision and conception of values for 
life. In illustrating her point that a college edu- 
cation is a means of ""opening doors," she used 
the following compaiison: 

""Going through college is like a trip through 
a beautiful palace. You approach the entrance 
with slow steps, full of curiosity and yet hardly 
daring to enter. As you open the first door cau- 
tiously you see something bright within and you 
hurry forward. After examining this object for 
awhile, with more assurance you approach and 
enter the next room to see what is within. And 
then another door attracts you, and so on and on 
you go through the entire palace. When you 
have finished, complete ownership is not yours, 
by no means, and yet you have made an entry 
and you can return at will to those rocms w'iiich 
you like the best." 

Commencement, June, 1932 

COMMENCEMENT this year will find 
1912 holding its twentieth reunion, 
1922 its tenth and 1927 its fifth. 
1927 will be the hostess class with 1912 
and 1922 as honored guests. According 
to the Dix System other reuning classes 
this June will be 1914, 1915, 1916, 1917 
and 1931. A full and detailed account of 
the many interesting events will be sent to 
you May first. This is just a reminder so 
that you may begin to make your plans to 
return June 4-7. 

Proposed Change to the Constitution 
Article VI— Elections 

COMMENCEMENT this June means 
that another election time has rolled 
around. Your Council feels that 
there is a vast majority of members who 
are unable to attend the meeting when the 
elections take place, yet many of these are 
staunch supporters of the Association. It 
is for this reason that this proposed change 
is made that every one will have the oppor- 
tunity to cast a vote for the officers who are 
to be responsible for the Association for 
the two years for which they are elected. 

Your Council, therefore, after due consid- 
eration oflfers for your approval Section 
VII to Article VI on Elections to read as 
follows: Any member of the Association 
who is in good standing and who finds it 
impossible to attend the annual meeting at 
which time the election of officers takes 
place, may send her ballot by mail to the 
alumnae secretary not later than the Satur- 
day preceding the annual meeting. Ballots 
sent in without the signature of the sender 
will NOT be considered; however, it is un- 
derstood that the signature will be cut from 
the ballot before it is given to the counters, 
and will be held in the strictest confidence 
by the secretary. 

According to Article XI of the Constitu- 
tion, votes by mail at this June election will 
be counted, provided the meeting passes the 
proposed amendment to Article VI. Arti- 
cle XI of the Constitution reads as follows: 
This Constitution may be amended at any 
annual meeting by vote of two-thirds of all 
members present, provided notice of such 
proposed change shall have been given at 
a previous meeting or put into the call for 
the meeting, issued one month previous 


Sweet Briar College 

Report of the Nominating Committee 

The Nominating Committee presents the 
following candidates for offices for the 
Sweet Briar Alumnae Association, for the 
election to take place at the annual meet- 
ing of the Alumnae Association on the 
afternoon of June 6, 1932. 

For President: 

Elizabeth Grmnmer Torrey, '13. 
Fanny Ellsworth Scannell, '21. 
Marion Walker Neidlinger, '22. 
Edna Lee Wood, '26. 

For Vice-President: 

Ruth Maurice Gorrell, '14. 
Katharyn Norris Kelley, '26. 

For Second Vice-President: 
Alice Weymouth, '32. 

For Treasurer: 

Jeanette Boone, '27. 

For Council — four to be elected: 
Margaret Banister. '16. 
Gertrude Dally, '22. 
Dorothy Meyers Rixev. ex-'24. 
Dorothy Keller, '26. 
Gertrude Prior, '29. 
Charlotte Kent, '31. 

Signed by the Nominating Committee: 
Katharyn Norris Kelley, '26, chairman. 

Frances Murrell Rickards. '10. 

Edith Durrell Marshall, '21. 

Ruth Fiske, '22. 

Margaret Nelson Lloyd, '24. 

Nar Warren Taylor, '27. 

The Student Book Shop and the Alumnae 

By Jessie M. Fr.\ser 
Chairman of the Book Shop Committee 

THE Sweet Briar alumna who has not 
been on the campus in the past two 
years will be particularly interested 
to learn of the developments of the Stu- 
dents' Book Shop. The Shop has outgrown 
the little house tucked away in the box- 
wood garden and has built itself a new 
brick building of similar rank on the cam- 
pus to the Boxwood Inn and has located 
it opposite to the Inn. 

The Shop rents the first floor of the 
building to the United States government. 
This is now the college post office, prob- 
ablv the most frequented place on campus. 
The second floor is divided between the 
Book Shop itself, opening toward the main 
campus, and a new faculty apartment, 
which faces the Inn across the road. The 
plan for this building provides a third 
storv which will afford the college two 
more faculty apartments. The Committee 
hopes to complete the building according 
to this plan within the next two years. 

Among other developments in the service 
of the Shop to the students is one that is 

likewise a service of the college to her 

Since last Christmas the Shop has under- 
taken to off^er a stock of books from a wider 
field than that of college texts. On enter- 
ing the Shop, one now finds an inviting 
Reading Corner to the left. Here a delight- 
ful hour may be spent in reading the recent 
reviews of books and in browsing over a 
small stock of best-sellers and interesting 
new books in many fields of knowledge. 
For the building of private libraries, the 
Committee hopes to add, after a while 
good editions of standard works. The in- 
vestment in this stock will, of course, fol- 
low the supply and demand. 

This Reading Corner is kept supplied by 
the co-operation of the faculty with the 
Committee on the Book Shop. The whole 
faculty is making suggestions to the Com- 
mittee from time to time. Every month 
appointed members of the Committee re- 
view these suggestions, and the Shop or- 
ders accordingly. Thus a selective book 
service is offered to our students. And, 

Alumnae News 11 

what is important also to the college, this Shop. Orders should be accompanied by 

same service is now offered to her alumnae, check or postal money order, payable to 
The Committee wishes to sav in this article jyjj^^ ^^^ ^^^ Manager, 

that any alumna ot the college may here- ~, „ , , -n , c-i 

after call on Sweet Briar for a degree of ^^^ Students Book Shop, 

guidance in her reading, and that any order Sweet briar College, 

received from her by the Students' Book Sweet Briar, Virginia. 

Shop will be filled post-paid to any address ti -e i ■ i i i • i 

in this countrv and at a discount of lO^c however, if an order is placed on which 

from the list price. ' the price is uncertain or unknown the Shop 

will be glad to nil it and mail the bill to 

Orders for books which we may not have alumnae of the college, 
in stock at the time will be filled directly Since the installation of this new service 

from the publishers or dealers and the dis- the best-sellers from the Reading Corner 

counted bill will be sent from the Book have been: 

Author Title 

Adams The Epic of America 

Allen Only Yesterday 

Anstey Humor and Fantasy 

Bridges „ Testament of Beauty 

Briggs Pegasus Perplexing 

Byrd Little vVmerica 

Carroll Alice in Wonderland and 

Through the Looking Glass 

Cellini _ Life of Benvenuto Cellini 

Chamberlain Soviet Russia 

Dark _ _ Shakespeare and That Crush 

Galsworthy Maid in Waiting 

Hulbert _ Forty -Niners 

James All About New York 

La Farge Sparks Fly Upward 

Lawson Hail Colombia 

Leonard Two Lives 

Millay Fatal Interview 

Millay _ ..The King's Henchman 

Milne ...Two People 

Morley Swiss Family Manhattan 

Morsehead Everybody's Pepys 

Munthe San Michele 

O'Neill Mourning Becomes Electra 

Oxford Book of Christmas Carols 
Oxford Book of English Verse 
Oxford Book of French Verse 

Reid .- - The Great Ph)"sician 

Relider Best College Verse 

Second Book of Modern Verse 
Correspondence of Ellen Terry and 
Bernard Shaw 

Strachey Portraits in Miniature 

S. Thompson Novels 

Thornton Rock Garden Primer 

Walpole Judith Paris 

Ward God's Man 


Sweet Briar College 

From the Art Department 

A WATER color exhibit of forty- 
three pictures by E. S. Campbell, 
professor of Art and Architecture 
of the Mclntyre Institute of Fine Arts at 
tlie University of Virginia, was on display 
during part of January. This exhibit com- 
prised scenes taken from travel and study 
abroad and also American subjects. 

An exhibition also on display in January 
in the exhibit hall of the library consisted 
of forty copies of drawings executed by 
Hans Holbein, the younger, at Windsor 
Castle. The collection was loaned to the 
college by the American Federation of 
Arts. With the Holbein exhibition there 
was also one of the George Meredith col- 
lection in one of the glass cases in the 
exhibit hall of the library. This collec- 
tion was given to Sweet Briar College by 
the Reverend Elmer J. Bailey. Besides 
several first editions of Meredith's novels 
there were others of limited editions. In 
addition to these volumes the collection 
contains a caricature of Meredith by Max 
Beerbohm, a bronze medallion of the au- 
thor bv Theodore Spicer-Simpson, and a 
note on Meredith's funeral by J. M. Barrie. 

The oil paintings of G. Thompson Prit- 
chard were on exhibit during part of Feb- 
ruary in the art room in Academic. The 
exhibit consisted of fifteen paintings, most 
of which were landscapes and were chiefly 
European. Mr. Pritchard is a native of 
Australia. He has presented one of his 
works to the college. 

On view at the college during the first 
two weeks of March was the Traveling 
Exhibition sent out by the College Art 
Association. This was an exhibition of 
Seascapes and Water-fronts. Many famous 
works were included in this exhibit. The 
Ferargil Galleries loaned the following: 
Night Clouds, by Albert P. Ryder, Brahms 
Marine, by Arthur P. Davies, and The Fish- 
erman, by Winslow Homer. The Casson 
Galleries, Boston, loaned two beautiful can- 
vasses: Miles Out, by Stanley Woodward 
and Scenes at Gloucester, by Anthony 
Thieme. The Babcock Galleries loaned 

Courtesy College Art Association 

Night Clouds, by Albert P. Ryder 

Coming Storm, by Frederic Waugh, and 
Monhegan, by Rockwell Kent. Nubble 
Light, 3 orkcliffe, Maine, was loaned from 
the studio of the artist, C. K. Chatterton. 
Shad Fishermen was also loaned from the 
studio of the artist, John Follingsbee. The 
Allard Galleries, Paris, loaned Regales — 
Mer Bleue, the work of the French artist, 
Lucien Simon. This is only a partial list 
of the works included in the exhibit. We 
are indebted to the College Art Association 
for the privilege of printing Night Clouds 
and Miles Out. 

The college has acquired, partly by gift 
and partly by purchase through the College 
Art Association, the collection completed 
a few years ago under the auspices of the 
Carnegie Corporation. The collection con- 
sists of more than two hundred books, over 
eighteen hundred photographs, and thirty- 
five examples of textiles of all of the na- 
tions. This collection has been placed in 
the special Libraries Room of the Mary 
Helen Cochran Library. 

Alumnae News 


Courtfsv College Art Association 

Miles Out, by Stanley Woodward 

Sweet Briar Hostess to Advisory Group on 
College Libraries 

ON Thursday and Friday, January 7 
and 8, the Advisory Group on Col- 
lege Libraries of the Carnegie Cor- 
poration, of which President Glass is a 
member, met at Sweet Briar College. 

Thursday and Friday mornings and 
Thursday night were given over to busi- 
ness sessions during which the group com- 
pleted allotment of grants in their four- 
year program of assistance to liberal arts 
colleges, in which time approximately two 
million dollars have been spent. On 
Thursday, the board lunched with various 
faculty members in the refectory; in the 
afternoon they visited Lynchburg, Natural 
Bridge, and Lexington, and in the evening 
were dinner-guests of President Glass at 
Sweet Briar House. 

Members of the group, which makes up 
one of the most distinguished bodies which 
has visited the college, are: 

Dr. W. W. Bishop, librarian of Univer- 
sity of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Chairman; 
Dr. F. P. Keppel, president of Carnegie 
Corporation ; R. M. Lester, assistant to Dr. 
Keppel; Dr. Frank Aydelotte, president of 
Swarthmore College; Charles B. Shaw, 
librarian, Swarthmore College; Dr. M. 
Lewis, president of Lafayette College; Dr. 
Robert L. Kelley, Executive Secretary of 
Association of American Colleges; Carl H. 
Milam, American Library Association; Dr. 
Wm. M. Randall, of Graduate Library 
School of University of Chicago; Dr. E. 
H. Wilkins, president of Oberlin College; 
Dr. Lewis R. Wilson, librarian, University 
of North Carolina; Dr. Andrew Keogh, 
librarian, Yale University: Dean Virginia 
Gildersleeve, Barnard College; H. C. Gour- 
lay, assistant to Dr. Bishop ; Dr. Meta 
Glass, president of Sweet Briar College. 


Sweet Briar College 

Concerts and Lectures 

SIR NOIBIAX ANGELL spoke in the 
Chapel on Friday, January 8, on 
"Behind the British Crisis." He said 
that "In order that you may realize the 
entire situation I must first correct two 
misapprehensions. The Labor Party has 
not gone out, and the large system of social 
service, incorrectly called the dole, is not 
such a great burden on Great Britain.'' 
From this standpoint he reviewed various 
statistics of the unemployment insurance, 
and the program of the Labor Party lead- 
ing up to this crisis. 

On Friday, February 12, Mr. Percy 
Scholes gave a Lecture Recital on "The 
British Contribution to Music." Mr. 
Scholes, who is a distinguished English 
lecturer and critic, defended his country 
against those who call her musically un- 
creative. Wliile he freely admitted that 
there was a long period in British history 
in which little music of note was composed, 
he ably presented England's claim to fame 
through her fine music of other periods. 

Dr. J. J. Van der Leeuw spoke on 
"Adventure of a Changing World" at con- 
vocation on Thursday, February 18. A 
round table discussion followed in the 
afternoon on "The Price of Peace — Na- 
tional Sacrifice as the Price of Interna- 
tional Security." Dr. Van der Leeuw has 
but one aim and that is to bring his au- 
diences to a realization of what is happen- 
ing in the world and to urge them to an 
intelligent co-operation with tlie social evo- 
lution of our day. 

On February 25 Miss E. Jeffries Hein- 
rich. Instructor in Citizenship and Govern- 
ment at the University of Virginia,- talked 
at convocation on "The Machinery of 
Peace." In the afternoon Miss Heinrich 
spoke on "Ten Years of the Political Edu- 
cation of Women." Miss Heinrich was 
formerly a regional secretary for the Na- 
tional League of Women Voters. 

Sylvia Thompson, internationally fa- 
mous English novelist and short story 
writer, spoke in the Chapel, on February 
26. on "Women Novelists — Their Work 

and Lives." This is Miss Thompson's first 
American tour, but she has had consider- 
able experience in speaking in Europe. 

To commemorate the one hundredth an- 
niversary of the death of Johana Wolfgang 
Goethe, one of the world's greatest authors. 
Dr. T. Moody Campbell spoke at the col- 
lege on Friday, March 4, on "The Person- 
ality of Goethe." Dr. Campbell is a nation- 
ally famous authority on Goethe, and a 
member of the faculty of Connecticut Wes- 
leyan University, Middleto^vn, Connecticut. 

During the first week in March there 
was an exhibit of articles connected with 
Goethe in the hall of tlie library. Among 
the exhibit were fourteen facsimiles of 
rare items in the Speck collection at \ale. 
These facsimiles are said to be so like the 
originals, that it is almost impossible to 
distinguish the copies. Thirty facsimiles 
of Goetlie's drawings and sketches, made 
especially for this year by the Goethe 
Museum at Weimar, were also included in 
tlie exhibit. This group belongs to the 
library of Connecticut Wesleyan College, 
and has just been sent from Germany. 
With the lecture and exhibit Sweet Briar 
joined the rest of the United States and 
Europe in commemorating the deadi of an 
eminent author. 

Denoe Leedy gave a Piano Recital on 
March 11 in the Chapel. Mr, Leedy is a 
member of the faculty of the Cleveland 
Institute of Music. His recital included 
the Chromatic Fantasy and Fugue of Bach, 
a Chopin Sonata and a group of Moderns. 

On March 18, Mr. M. P. Crawford spoke 
on "The Relation Between Hand Craft 
Weaving and Spinning and Mechanical 
Power Weaving and Spinning." Mr. Craw- 
ford is on the staff of the Fairchild Publi- 
cations of New York and also is connected 
with the Museum of Natural History in 
New York. He has recently published a 
book on "The Heritage of Cotton." He is 
a brother of Dr. Lucy Crawford, head of 
the Department of Philosophy and Psy- 
chology at Sweet Briar. 

Alumnae News 


The Co-operative Test Service 

DR. BEN WOOD of Columbia Uni- 
versity' spoke on February 18 to 
the faculty and representatives 
from neighboring colleges on the '"Co- 
operative Test Service," a project of meas- 
uring what college students learn. Dr. 
Wood illustrated his lecture with slides 
and conducted a discussion on the possi- 
bility of defining our ideals in liberal edu- 
cation and of measuring the progress of 
students toward accepted goals. 

This project of measurements, which is 
planned as a nation-wide program, has 
developed from the Pennsylvania study 
^vhich investigated the achievement of stu- 
dents through secondary schools and forty- 
odd colleges over a period of seven years. 
The possibility of extending this inquiry 
into one of great significance made such 
an appeal to the General Education Board 
that it appropriated $500,000 to be spent 
over a period of ten years to develop ade- 
quate tests and to measure college students 
by them. 

In a recent article in the North American 
Review entitled "How Much Do College 
Students Learn?" Dean Max McConn 
makes the statement that "certain prelim- 
inary results of . . . the Pennsylvania 
study . . . seem to show that college stu- 
dents learn practically nothing, that seniors 
within a month of graduation are nearly as 
ignorant as freshmen, and in some impor- 
tant fields even more so!" Such a state- 
ment implies that a very lively discussion 

could arise from a presentation of the re- 
sults of the Pennsylvania study, since one's 
reaction to this observation makes one ask 
just what the tests do measure and whether 
tests have yet been devised which actually 
measure the cultural gain which should be 
the valuable residum of a liberal arts 

The Pennsylvania experiment has em- 
phasized the necessity for defining in 
'"exact language just what schools and 
colleges aim to accomplish through the 
various subject matters of history, mathe- 
matics, English and the rest. To find 
objectives for educational endeavors that 
everyone would accept is an alluring en- 
terprise, and if successful would solve 
many difficulties. If this could be done it 
would be far simpler to prepare tests that 
measure progress toward these objectives. 

Dr. Wood presented to the faculty some 
definitions of goals and explained the kinds 
of tests which have been used in Pennsyl- 
vania and the kinds which Sweet Briar will 
give to their sophomores the third week in 
April. Over two hundred colleges in the 
country have joined in this co-operative 
testing program. These tests will be 
graded by the Committee on Co-operative 
Test Service of which Dean Johnston of 
the University of Minnesota is Chairman 
and Dr. Wood Director. 

There will be four sections in the tests: 
intelligence, general culture, general 
science and English. 

A Vacation Course at Oxford 

In July, 1932, a Summer Vacation 
Course for yVmerican Women Graduates 
and Teachers will be held for the third 
time in Oxford. Those who attended the 
Courses held in 1926 and 1928 will know 
something of the special character of this 
Oxford Summer School, organized by the 
four Women's Colleges and the Society of 
Oxford Home-Students. The students will 
reside for three weeks in the Women's Col- 
leges: they will hear lectures by eminent 
men and women, authorities in their sub- 
jects; tliey will have opportunities for dis- 

cussing the topics of the lectures with Ox- 
ford University teachers, and they will visit 
places of historical and literary association 
in the countryside. Concerts and plays and 
excursions of architectural interest will 
also form part of the program. It will be 
an object to give students an insight into 
English life as far as possible, and to brmg 
them into contact with the Oxford tutors. 
The Course will open on Thursday, July 
7th, and close on Thursday. July 28th. 

(Continued on page 25) 


Sweet Briar College 

The George Washington Bi-centennial 

UNDER the able direction of tlie 
Lnited States Bicentennial Com- 
mission tlie comitrv has been thor- 
oughly organized to celebrate the two hmi- 
dredth anniversar)^ of Washington's birth 
from February 22 through to Thanksgiving 
Day. It is fitting that Sweet Briar should 
join in the nation wide observance. A 
committee of tlie facultv, appointed bv 
President Glass, has been at work for some 
time, arranging for various events. 

Our celebration opened on the anniver- 
sary itself, with a festive dinner in both 
refectories. There were appropriate decor- 
ations, a special menu and the singing of 
the "Star Spangled Banner." Following 
the dinner, a program was held in the 
Chapel, at which Miss Glass presided. 
Simple, 3'et dignified in character, the ex- 
ercises consisted of the singing of "Let Ls 
Now Praise Famous ]\len'' and "America" 
bv the audience, and centered in an address 
on "George Washington — Patron of Learn- 
ing," delivered by Professor L. C. Helder- 
man of Washington and Lee University. 
Dr. Helderman has written a book on this 
subject, which is just now in press, and we 
were fortunate in being given a previeiv 
of its contents. The speaker prefaced his 
remarks by saying that Washington, though 
not essentially a learned man himself, ap- 
preciated and helped to foster learning in 
others. In other words he was Roman not 
Greek — he was the patron, not the philo- 
sopher, of education. Professor Helder- 
man then outlined for us Washington's 
plans and benefactions in the field of edu- 

cation, notably his plan for a national uni- 
versity, which never materialized, and his 
gift of the James River shares, amounting 
to about fifty thousand dollars, to ^^ ash- 
ington and Lee Lniversity, which is still 
benefiting that institution. The address 
was thoroughly scholarly and verj" in- 
formative and contributed greatly to the 
successful opening of the Sweet Briar cele- 

An exhibit was put on view in the cor- 
ridor of the Mary Helen Cochran Library. 
This exhibit contained a number of prints, 
papers, letters, stamps, and other articles 
which are connected with \^ ashington. 
Bona fide Washingtoniana are naturally 
not very plentiful and if any alumnae have 
at their disposal articles suitable for ex- 
hibition, which they would be willing to 
loan, the committee would be more than 
glad to kno\v of them. 

A special reserve collection of books bv 
and about \^ ashington has been placed in 
the main reading room of the library, 
Inhere it will remain indefinitely. The 
selection is wide, with everydiing from 
Parson Weems" "Life of \S ashington" to 
Rupert Hughes' latest volume. \ arious 
other events, such as the planting of me- 
morial trees — cherrv or otherwise — are in 
process of formulation. It is the desire of 
the college not to evoke a vast deal of un- 
diinking blind adulation of this great man, 
but to recall the attention of the student 
body and of the community generally to 
his rightlv important place in our early 
history and to the indisputably eminent 
characteristics which were his. 

The Honor Banquet 

THE Honor Banquet was held this year 
on Thursday, February 25, in Reid 
Refectory. Dr. Carroll M. Sparrow, 
Professor of Physics at the University of 
Virginia, spoke on "Life and Logic." 
Sixtv-nine students made the required aver- 
age and attended this banquet. President 
Glass in introducing Dr. Sparrow said that 
the dinner was not given in honor of the 
students but they were invited to attend 
this dinner in honor of Scholarship. She 

went on to sav that increased evidence of 
scholarship and of a quickened interest in it 
was shown in the new magazine published 
bv Phi Beta Kappa called "The American 
Scholar." It is interesting to know that 
we did not have to go far to find a distin- 
guished speaker so well able to speak on 
such a fundamental subject. Dr. Sparrow is 
a cousin of Professor Caroline L. Sparrow, 
head of the Department of History. 

Alumnae News 


Preachers to the College 


September 20 

October 4 


November 1 


















2 &3 








The Reverend James A. ^litchell, Alexandria, \ irginia 
The Reverend A. Bruce Curry, D.D., Union Theological Seminary, 
New \ork City 

President Meta Glass, Sweet Briar, \ irginia 
The Reverend R. Gary Montague, D.D., Richmond, Virginia 
The Reverend Garleton Barnwell, Lynchburg, Virginia 
The Re\"erend ^. Aiken Smart, Emory University, Georgia 

The Re\ erend Alexander C. Zabriskie, Virginia Theological Seminary, 

Alexandria, Virginia 
The Reverend William Adams Brown, D.D., Lnion Theological Semi- 
nary, New York City 
The Reverend Harold B. Peters, Richmond, Virginia 
The Reverend W. Taliaferro Thompson, D.D., Richmond, Virginia 
Thanksgiving Service — Dr. Marion J. Benedict, Sweet Briar, Virginia 
Canon Anson Phelps Stokes, The National Cathedral, Washington, 
D. C. 

The Reverend W. Cosby Bell, Alexandria, \ irginia 
Christmas Carol Service 

The Right Reverend Robert C. Jett, D.D.. Roanoke, Virginia 
The Reverend Edward B. Willingham, Lynchburg, Virginia 
The Reverend Carl E. Grammer, D.D., S.T.M., Philadelphia, Penn- 

The Reverend Richard H. Lee, Chatham, \ irginia 

Dr. Thomas K. Nelson, Virginia Theological Seminary, Alexandria, 

^ irginia 
Dr. Hugh Black, Lnion Theological Seminary, New Ttork City 
Dr. Edwin W. Slocombe, First Unitarian Church, Lynchburg, Virginia 

Dr. A. Bruce Curry. Union Theological Seminary, New York City 
The Reverend Alfred Lawrence, The Chapel of the Cross, Chapel Hill, 

North Carolina 
Dr. Jerome Davis, \a.\e University, New Haven, Connecticut 
The Reverend Alexandria C. Zabriskie, Virginia Theological Semi- 

narv. Alexandria, Virginia 

Dr. Charles E. Jefferson, New \ork City 

The Reverend Kelsey Regen, Madison Avenue Presbyterian Church, 
Covington. Kentucky 

Dr. \\ . E. Rollins, \ irginia Theological Seminary, Alexandria, Vir- 

Dr. Vincent C. Franks, R. E. Lee Memorial Episcopal Church, Lex- 
ington, Virginia 

Dr. Fletcher S. Brockman, New Vork City 

The Reverend Ernest V . R. Stires, All Saints' Church, Richmond, 

Baccalaureate Sermon. The Reverend Clifford L. Stanley, Virginia 
Theological Seminary, Alexandria, Virginia 


Sweet Briar College 

Plans for the Planting of Sweet B: 

Alumnae News 





. >rt ' 


pus Designed by Elsetta Gilchrist, '27 


Sweet Briar College 

Natalie Roberts, '31, who was Head of Riding 1930-31, has been appointed 
the chairman for the Alumnae Class for the May Day Horse Show which will 
be held on the morning of May 6. No charge will be made for riding in the 
Horse Show. Entries must be sent either to Natalie Roberts, Nestle Brook Farm, 
Roanoke, Virginia, or to the alumnae office not later than May first. The class 
will be held only if there are four or more entries. 

Alumnae News 


From the Athletic Department 

A new baseball diamond is being laid 
out on the far road beyond the gymnasium. 
The old diamond is now being diverted in- 
to a lawn area. 

The grading for the three new teimis 
courts has been completed. These courts 
are to be back of the gymnasium. A 
special surface treatinent has been applied 
to one of the old tennis courts to lay the 
dust and to obtain a better playing court. 

The courts in the gymnasium for tennis, 
squash, deck tennis, ping-pong, and bad- 

minton have been used steadily all winter. 
These sports are not included in the re- 
quired work, but are proving popular botli 
to the students and the faculty. 

Early in February the second drag-hunt 
of the season was held over the new course 
laid out by Mr. Blackwell, this winter. 
More than a dozen riders enjoyed a fast 
run with good performances at the jumps 
and hounds running as if they were on the 
heels of the fox. The riders were enter- 
tained at a hunt breakfast at Mrs. Black- 
well's following the drag. 

May Day 

Miss Virginia Hall has been elected May 
Queen for this year. The three Honor girls 
elected for the May Court are: Miss Edith 
Railey, Maid of Honor, Miss Virginia Bel- 
lamy, Scepter Bearer, and Miss Jane White, 
Garland Bearer. 

The May Queen and her Honor girls 
have chosen for the court the following: 
seniors, Elizabeth Douglass, Sarah Forsyth, 
Constance Fowler, Emma Green, Mildred 
Larimer, Ann McRae, Emily Maxwell, 

Letha Morris, Sarah Phillips, Helen Pratt, 
Frances Sencindiver, Sara Shallenberger, 
Hazel Stamps, and Alice Weymouth; 
juniors, Ruth Davies, Elena Doty, Lois 
Foster, Sue Graves, Lena Jones, Ellen 
Kelly, Sara Kelly, and Marjorie Ris; 
sophomores, Frances Darden, Lydia Good- 
wyn, Hortense Hostetter, Louise Moyer, 
and Cordelia Penn. The Queen's Page 
will be Mary Kate Patton and the fresh- 
men Pages will be Louise Wood and Jean 

Sweet !!^riar IKouse— Ol)e (Tabin— O^e Oak Oree 



879 Park Avenue Baltiynore, Maryland 

On. Sale at "^lA-lumnae Office 

Sweet Briar Plates — Tea Cups Too! 


Per Dozen 

Carriage Prepaid 

The Sweet Briar Plates, fashioned in dinner- Now you match your Sweet Briar Plates 

ware size by the Royal Cauldon Works in with Tea Cups and other shapes in several 

England, are still available. The Gadroon colors, and patterned with the Sweet Briar 

shape with its natural floral border frames Border design — without the center, 
the subtle charm of Sweet Briar House. 

Tea Cups and Saucers^. 
Tea Plates .... 
Bread and Butter Plates 

$10.00 per dozen. Susar Bowl . $3.00 each 
9.00 " " Cream Pitcher, 2.00 " 
7.00 " " Teapot, (6-cup), 3.50 " 
Express Extra on these Items 

Make checks -payahle and address orders to 

SWEET BRIAR PLATES, care Alumnae Secretary 





Alumnae News 


®I^p Alumnae's iFtnannal B\^xp 

®l|ta i'htp tfi tjpa&pi for tt|F rnrke ! 
Kvaih ttH rraali bg pacing gnur 1932 Iiuph 


Sweet Briar College 

Common Sense Week 

A new plan for common sense living 
during exams was presented by the Citizens 
committee to the student body at a special 
convocation, Wednesday, January 20. 

This plan took the form of an inter- 
class contest in healtliful eating, sleeping, 
recreation, and exercising. The contest 
started Sunday, January 24, and lasted 
until Friday, January 29. At the end of 
this time a silver loving cup, presented by 
President Glass, was awarded to the senior 
class, as it averaged the highest number of 

Each night before 10 o'clock each girl 
added her points and had them checked at 
Miss Dix's office. 

The points counted as follows: One 
point for one-half hour of recreation dur- 

ing the day. This consisted of such things 
as squash, talking, light reading, and listen- 
ing to the radio, or victrola; one point for 
eight hours sleep (preferably between tlie 
hours of eleven and seven I ; one point for 
exercise (preferably out-of-doors) ; one 
point for food. This consisted of three 
meals a day, and nothing between meals 
except fruit, crackers, ice cream, one coca- 
cola, and bed-time cocoa. 

This plan was not introduced to mini- 
mize the importance of examinations but 
to point out the fact that there is time for 
a normal existence during examinations. 

An added feature of the week was a 
faculty skit which took the place of the 
usual convocation in the form of a "take- 
off" on the contest. 




718 Main Street 

Lynchburg, Va. 

Telephone 2-1-8-4 

Alumnae News 


National Student Federation of America 

By Alice Weymouth, '32 

THE Seventh Annual Congress of 
the National Student Federation of 
iVmerica was held in Toledo, Ohio, 
December 27-31. The University of the 
City of Toledo acted as host to the three 
hundred delegates who represented more 
than six hundred thousand students in the 
colleges and universities of the country. 

The Federation is a nation-wide under- 
graduate organization. Its affairs are con- 
trolled bv an executive committee and staff 
of undergraduate and young graduate stu- 
dents, havina' a central office in New York 

Among the regular activities of the Fed- 
eration are the weekly news releases sent 
to the editors of college papers, an inter- 
national debating and speakers exchange, 
a survey conducted on student government, 
honor systems and publications, semi- 
monthly broadcasts over the network of 
the Colimnbia Broadcasting Company, and 
a well-organized Travel Bureau which ar- 
ranges student tours. 

Discussion groups, on such subjects as 
Student Government, Honor Systems, Pub- 
lications and Athletics were held during 
the four days of the convention, and var- 
ious campus problems were brought out by 
delegates, who asked for advice regarding 
their solution of these problems. Thus the 
delegates got new ideas to take back to 
their colleges and universities. 

Dr. Ernest Wilkins, President of Oberlin, 
addressed the Congress on "Modern Trends 
in Education." Dr. Henry Noble McCrack- 
en, President of Vassar, spoke on "Are 
Students People?" urging closer contact 
between the students and die officials of 
their college administration. 

The great advantages of such a congress 
are not shown concretely, but they do exist 
in the exchange of ideas among students 
from all parts of the country, who return 
to their colleges or universities with a 
broader viewpoint on the problems of their 
own campus affairs. 

The American Alumni Council From the Music Department 

Mrs. Vivienne Barkalow Breckenridge, 
alumnae secretary, represented Sweet Briar 
on January 22 and 23 at the annual meet- 
ing of the Regional Conference of the 
American Alumni Council, which met at 
Rollins College, Winter Park, Florida. 

She gave two papers at the conference. 
The first on "The Business Management 
of Alumnae Publications," and the second 
dealt with the problems of "Financing An 
Alumnae Office." This second paper is 
important to the conference because Sweet 
Briar has the only Alumnae Association in 
the district that is self-supporting. 

District number three, to which Sweet 
Briar belongs, includes Florida, North Car- 
olina. South Carolina, Virginia, Alabama, 
and Georgia. — Sweet Briar News. 

A Vacation Course at Oxford 

(Continued from page 15) 

As the number of students who can be 

accommodated is limited, applications can 

only be received from teachers in approved 

universities, colleges and schools, or from 

A CONCERT with the Washington 
and Lee Glee Club was given on 
March 12 in the Chapel. This 
was the first big project undertaken by 
the senior Glee Club this year and proved 
to be a very successful one. The Glee Club 
will go to Richmond on Friday, April 29, 
to take part in the state music festival. A 
concert will be given there on the evening 
of April 29, and combined singing of all 
the college Glee Clubs present will take 
place on Saturday, April 30. 

graduates of approved colleges or univer- 
sities, not necessarily engaged in teaching. 
In exceptional cases applications will be 
considered from undergraduates who hope 
to take their degree in 1932 and who are 
about to enter the teaching profession. 

Preference will be given to those who 
apply before March 1st, 1932, and candi- 
dates are urged for their own sakes to ap- 
ply as soon as possible to Miss Marion L. 
Day, 39 West 54th Street, New York City. 






For Sale in the Alumnae Office 

Alumnae News 


Rome in the 1930's 

(Editor's Note — Miss Pearl, Instructor in Modern Languages at Sweet Briar, spent 1930-31 
abroad continuing her research work begun at the L niversity of Michigan. Slie is making a 
catalogue of the sculptures found in Pompeii and Herculaneum. I 


N the spring of 1925 I was standing on 
a street corner in Rome, waiting for a 
tram in the company of a friend who 
had just returned to Italy after an absence 
of five years. Suddenly she exclaimed, 
■"Rome doesn't smell the same this time!" 
In answer to my look of surprise, she ex- 
plained, "When I was here five years ago, 
it was a common occurrence to have a 
strike of the street cleaners, or of the city 
garbage collectors." 

In 1930 I myself returned to Rome after 
an absence of three years. In harmony 
with my friend I might well have ex- 
claimed, not over the change of odors, but 
rather "Rome neither sounds nor feels the 
same!" In my absence there had been a 
marked quickening of the pulse of that an- 
cient city. Coupled with a renewed and 
active interest in her historic monuments 
of the past was a modernity which has led 
to widened streets, handsome public build- 
ings, elaborate apartment houses, and, best 
of all, to the general im_provement of the 
mental and physical health of the people. 
I am not in a position to discourse on this 
last and most important development, but 
even the untrained eye can detect the bene- 
ficial effects on the youth of Italy. The 
impression is one of alertness, physical fit- 
ness, and general good looks which is de- 
lightful. 'The 
voung people in 
Rome today are 
encouraged t o 
pursue sports, 
and are proving 
their excellence 
in a widely di- 
versified range 
of games and 

-More than 
once Rome's 
trend to the 
modern has 
also uncovered 
traces o f her 

The Capitoline as seen from the Theatre of Marcellus. 1930 

ancient glorv. The most noteworthv case 
of this in recent years was the attempted 
widening of the via Argentina. In order 
to carry this out. a block of old buildings 
opposite the Teatro Argentina w-as razed. 
But underneath these undesirable buildings 
were discovered the foundations of ancier.t 
temples, bits of sculpture, and decorative 
marbles. So now- instead of merely achiev- 
ing a wider traffic lane, the Romans have 
their wide street, and also an open space 
filled with ancient monuments. 

Today in the 'downtown' section of 
Rome one sees streets crowded with traffic, 
and filled with the bustle and roar of a 
large city. The traffic of both vehicles and 
pedestrians is regulated by rather diminu- 
tive but astonishingly efficient policemen. 
Foreigners unfamiliar with the language 
and ways of Rome are often unpleasantly 
awakened from window-shopping reveries 
to find one of these policemen arguing with 
them volubly and quite unintelligibly, as 
if something in their conduct were terribly 
wrong. A little observation will reveal 
that the erring foreigner is walking on the 
wrong side of the street. To most of us 
there is no wrong side of the street unless 
we wish to be on the other side, but in 
Rome, with its narrow sidewalks, the law 
requires the pedestrians walk on the left- 
hand side. The 
enforcement of 
this law in the 
busiest streets 
requires many 
guardians of 
order, but the 
police force of 
Rome, though 
small in stature, 
is apparently 
unlimited in 

The thrill of 
modern Rome is 
to step from the 
crowded Corso, 


Sweet Briar College 

or the via del Tritone, into a side street, and 
suddenly find oneself lost in the narrow 
winding ways of a Rome of earlier days. 
Here the imagination has full sway, and 
easily bridges the years, transporting us 
to the time when Raphael and Michelangelo 
were at their work in the Vatican; and ear- 
lier still, when every palace was a strong- 
hold, with noble against noble, and Cola di 
Rienzi against them all. I can still lose 
myself completely and gleefully in the 
Campo Marzio — Rome's field of Mars, 
now a huddle of steep buildings and nar- 
row, irregular streets. 

There has been some attempt made to 
clean up the slum districts of Rome — with 
moderate success. Fine new tenement 
houses were built on the outskirts of the 
city, and the entire population of some of 
the worst sections was removed thither. 
The improvement is not always perceptible 
to the stranger, except in such districts as 
the space around the ancient theater of 
Marcellus. Excavations of the last years 
have cleared its arcades of their shops, to 
the sorrow of the romantically minded, for 
these shops were a dirty but picturesque 
survival of mediaevalism. Now, from the 
theater to the Capitoline hill and the 
Piazza Venezia, runs a new, wide thorough- 
fare, cutting through what five years ago 

Theatre of Marcellus, 1925 

Theatre of Marcellus. 1930 

was a district of narrow streets and 
crowded populace, living in cramped and 
dirty squalor. The chief problem in the 
older part of Rome might be said to be 
to open adequate cross-city traffic lanes 
without destroying ancient monuments, or 
landmarks of mediaeval and Renaissance 
days. The old city, from the baths of 
Caracalla to the Piazza del Popolo, is a 
huge museum of the architecture of the 

New Rome runs beyond its walls on 
every side, and is more like other European 
cities. The fashionable quarter, known as 
the Ludovisi quarter, is placed beyond the 
via Sistina, in the neighborhood of the 
Borghese gardens. Here one finds fine 
hotels, apartment houses, modern churches, 
expensive shops, and private homes of pre- 
tension and elegance, set in lovely gardens. 
The middle-class people of comfortable 
means are scattered over a wider area, but 
may be seen in their pleasantest quarters 
across the Tiber, some on the Janiculum 
at Monteverde, some beyond Saint Peter's 
and the Palace of Justice. 

So much for the external aspect of the 
city. The temperament of the Romans has 
not changed so much. The quickened pace 
of their life has not robbed them of their 

Alumnae News 


love of beauty and human companionship, 
nor of their ahnost fierce pride in their 
native city. Pitiable indeed are the true 
sons of Rome who must live away from 
their 'immortal Rome.' Exile even to so 
near and so charming a city as Florence 
is painful to such as they. The modern 
Roman still delights to watch the sun set 
over Saint Peter's dome as he drinks his 
tea in the Pincio gardens. He still enjoys 
his morning coffee at Aragno's, and his 
Sunday stroll along the Corso. He still 
has his passionate love for his children, 

and can be seen in the parks and public 
gardens pushing a perambulator, or un- 
ashamedly embracing a small Toto or 

So the new order which prevails in the 
venerable city of Rome has not caused the 
old order to pass entirely away, but the 
contrasts and likenesses revealed enhance 
the charm of Rome. Certain it is that who- 
ever has lingered there a while leaves the 
city of his adoption with regret, and always 
returns with overwhelming joy. 

Campus News 

For your information the total enroll- 
ment this year is four hundred and sixty- 
nine students exclusive of the four Juniors 
in France, where last year the total enroll- 
ment was four hundred and seventy, ex- 
clusive of the one Junior in France. 

New fire escapes have been installed to 
replace the old ones. These new ones are 
in the same location as the others and an 
additional one has been added to the re- 
fectory. The fire baskets on several of the 
buildings were raised to allow better access. 
These new fire escapes are of modern im- 
proved design with standard two-foot stair- 
way with hand railings on both sides. 
They are made of iron and will be painted 
black. All of the fire exits have been re- 
wired and new signal lights put in. 

Professor Hugh Worthington, head of 
the French Department, has returned to 
the campus following an absence for the 
first semester. Mr. Worthington was away 
on his sabbatical leave. He spent the 
greater part of his time in France. 

Dr. Lucy Crawford, head of the Depart- 
ment of Philosophy and Psychology, 
spoke at the meeting of Virginia Colleges 
held in Richmond, February 12 and 13, 
on "Student Success with Reference to 
Methods of Teaching." 

Mr. Reginald W. Martin, organist and 
Assistant Professor of Piano, gave an or- 
gan and piano recital in the chapel on 
February 19. 

The new barn, which has recently been 
completed at Sweet Briar, has been proper- 
ly initiated. On Saturday, December 12, 
Mr. and Mrs. Blackwell gave a barn dance 
for the students, which took the place of 

the regular Saturday night "Gym." The 
following Tuesday Mr. and Mrs. Blackwell 
entertained the faculty at a similar func- 
tion. These are the only two real barn 
dances that have ever been given here and 
proved highly entertaining. 


of the 




Jupiter Olympus, sculptured by Phidias in 432 
B. C, was of marble, encrusted with ivory, and the 
draperies were of beaten gold. The Colossus of 
Rhodes, erected by Charles, of Lindus, in 280 B. C, 
at a cost of 300 Talents ($285,000.00). 

This pretentious archaic statuary, involving arduous 
privation and considerable fortunes, had but one pur- 

MODERN CIVILIZATION, through photo- 
graphic record, assures this purpose by eliminating 
both privations and fortunes. 

Harris & Ewing 

Thotographers of J^ational Motables 


Sweet Briar College 

Miss Maria Boudreaux, instructor in 
Modern Languages, has been awarded the 
annual gold medal of the Athenee Louis- 
ianais, which is the official group of the 
"Federation de L' Alliance Francaise aux 
Etats-Unis et au Canada." 

This medal was given to Miss Boudreaux 
in recognition of her essay on "Evange- 
line," which is based upon the legends of 
her native town, St. Martinville. 

Connie Burwell, '34, led the midwinters 
dance which was held in the "Gym" on 
Friday, February 5. Virginia Hall, '32, 
led the upper class figure. This was the 
first dance in the new "Gym." 

The presidents of the various organiza- 
tions for 1932-33 are as follows: Student 
Government, Marjory Burford: Y. W. C. 
A., Adah Barber; Athletic Association, 
Margaret Austin : Paint and Patches, Enna 
Frances Brown. 

The Alumnae OfSce is still hunting Briar 
Patches to complete the file of these books 
in the office. Two girls heeded to our plea 
and we are grateful to them for their books. 
The missing volumes which we are so anx- 
ious to get to bring the set up to date are: 
1913, 1915. 1916, 1918, 1919. 1920, 1923, 
1925, 1929. 

Six large color charts of Sweet Briar 
College campus, by Elsetta Gilchrist, '27, 
have been on display on the second floor 
of Fletcher. These charts represent Miss 
Gilchrist's thesis for graduation from the 
Cambridge School of Domestic and Land- 
scape Architecture. Miss Gilchrist was 
commissioned last year by the college to 
prepare landscape plans for the college 
grounds. (See pages 18 and 19. 1 

These thesis charts are painted in red. 
green, and tan, and represent a general 
plan of a college, a main campus group, 
a dairy group, a stable group, and two 
charts, one an elevation, of a garden 
theatre. In addition to the proposed 
theatre, three proposed buildings appear 
in the charts: an arts and science build- 
ing, a chapel, and a new dormitory. 

Other developments are a terraced ap- 
proach to the Mary Helen Cochran Library, 
and a main entrance court between the 
present dormitory quadrangle and the pro- 
posed open air theatre in the east dell. 

Hazel Stamps, '32, was awarded the 
Manson Memorial Scholarship for the 

Sweet Briar will again open its gardens 
and Sweet Briar House to the public the 
week of April 25-30 under the auspices of 
the Virginia Garden Club. 

Students interested in "careers" will find 
interesting information about them in some 
books and pamphlets now on a special re- 
serve shelf in the Library. 

The series of pamphlets, not yet com- 
plete on the Sweet Briar shelf, is put out 
by the United States Department of the 
Interior. A separate pamphlet is devoted 
to each of the following professions: law, 
medicine, dentistrv. journalism, librarian- 
ship, architecture, civil engineering, elec- 
trical engineering, pharmacy, nursing, for- 
estry, music, and veterinary medicine. 
They explain what these occupations are, 
what preliminarv education is required, 
where professional training is offered, the 
length of training necessary, and the ap- 
proximate cost of such training. 

Students should find some guidance here 
in the matter of choosing a profession. 

Katheiine Blount. '26, Cornelia Wailes, 
'27. and Gertrude Prior. '29. have already 
reserved rooms for Commencement. 

This Year in Washington 

During 1932, Washington— the 
city Disioned and found&d by 
George Washington— joins with 
the entire nation in celebrating 
the 200th anniversary of his birth. 

Plans for mahing it a notable 
period have been under way for 
several years, and interesting 
events are scheduled during the 
spring months, and for Memorial 
Day, Flag Day, the June Pageant, 
Fourth of July, Labor Day, Co- 
lumbus Day, Armistice Day and 

Plan now for your trip to Wash- 
ington and mahethe Dodge Hotel 
your headquarters. The rates are 
moderate, and the convenience of 
" no tipping " at)J)eals to every 
member of the family. 


North Capitol and E Street, N. W. 

Alumnae News 


Class Personals 



The Alumnae Association records with deep 
regret the death of Frances Effinger Miller, which 
occurred May 8, 1931. 

Margaret Eagelsfield Bell is doing landscape 
architecture and interior decorating in Cleveland. 

Elizabeth Gwun was married recently to Mr. 
Hugh Deming Stillman. 

Enid Sipe Brent has returned to the United 
States, after spending two years in the Philippine 
Islands. She is now living at Fort Banancas, 

Florence Gage White has an antique Shop in 
Willoughby. Ohio. 

\ irginia McEican Gaerste, with Mr. Gaerste, 
is spending six months in South America. 

Nan Powell Hodges has been spending several 
weeks in New "Vork City visiting her brother. 


Reunion 1932. 

Hazel Lane, ex-'12, spent the summer abroad 
and took four weeks of lecture courses at Oxford. 

Marie Abrams Lawson, e.x-"12. is the author of 
"Hail Columbia," the book selected by the Junior 
Literary Guild as their book-of-the-month for 


Elizabeth Franke Balls has returned after 
spending several years in Prague. Czechoslovakia, 
and has moved to Washington. D. C, to live. 

Linda Wright, ex-'13, is teaching piano and ap- 
preciation of music in La Jolla, California. 

Maiy Clark Rogers, ex-'13, has moved to At- 
lanta, Georgia, to live. 





Reunion 1932. 

Martha Hines, ex-'15, is now Mrs. D. L. Dixon, 
and is living in Kingston, North Carolina. 

Dorothy Brothers Kelly, ex-'1.5, is the general 
manager for her husband's architectural firm. 

Anna Kills Reed, ex-"15, has a daughter, Anna 
Wills, born December 1. 


Reunion 1932. 

Rachel Forbush Wood, ex-'16, has a son. Jared 
L^vin. Jr., born on November 6. The Woods are 
now living at Fort Benning, Georgia, where Cap- 
tain Wood is stationed. 


Reunion 1932. 

Hazel Roberts Peck, ex-'17, spent last summer 
in Europe motoring through France, Italy, Sivitz- 
erland, Germany, and England. 

Caroline Sharpe Sanders is spending the winter 
in New York City. 

Marie Wiener Manz spent the summer with her 
two children in Berlin. 

Elmyra Pennypacker is to be manied to Her- 
man Wills Co.xe on April 16. 

Helen Beeson has returned to Columbus, Ohio, 
to live, and is connected w-ith a specialty shop for 

Ruth Hulburd Luff worked during the holidays 
in the toy section of a department store in 

Alleine Hicks, ex-'20, has been working in New 
York for the past four years. 

Fanny Ellsworth Scannell, with her children, 
is spending the winter and late spring in France. 

Mary McLemore Matthews has a new daughter, 
Margaret Montgomeiy, born in August. 

Julia Albers Echols, ex-'21, has a baby daughter 

Ophelia Short Seward, ex-'21, has a daughter, 
Betsy H. 


Reunion 1932. 

Gertrude Dally has been studying harmony and 
Dalcroze Euiythmics in Pittsburgh. At present 
she is visiting in Hartford, Connecticut. 

Lillie Maddox Whitner has a son born last 

Catherine Cook spent a week during the holi- 
days in New York, and attended the Sweet Briar 
Day meeting there. 

Maylon Newby Pierce is living in Coral Gables, 

Hathaway W right Rinehart, ex-'22, has a baby 

Leah Hines, ex-'22, is now Mrs. Booker Cun- 
ningham and is living in Wilson, North Carolina. 


Lorna Weber Dowling and Margaret Mierke, 
"22, have been teaching dancing this fall in Cleve- 
land, Ohio. 

LaVerne McGee was married last spring to 
Lieut. Alfred C. Olney, and is now living in 
Pensacola, Florida. 

who has been connected -.Kith, the trans- 
portation department of the Southern 
Railway for fifteen years, and who has 
had experience in personal conducting, 
is organizing a European tour especially 
for Sweet Briar students and the alumnae. 
Sailing from New York July 1, 1932, and 
returning August 29, 1932. All inter- 
ested in joining this lour can get details 
by writing — 

(Miss) Marion H. Dearborn, Organizer 

The American Express Travel Service 


Sweet Briar College 

Gertrude Geer Bassett has two sons. Thomas 
and Robert. 

Katherine W'eiser Ekelund and her two daugh- 
ters, Sally and Mary Sue, are in Pontiac, Michigan 

Isabelle Deming Ellis, ex-'23, has a son, Robert 
Richardson Ellis III, born October 4. 

Helen Fossum Davidson, ex-'23, has a daughter, 
Margery Louise. She is now living in Hinsdale, 

Frances Insley Jacobs, ex-'23, has a daughter, 
Frances Kent, born last April. 

Helen Burke Janney, ex-'23, has a son, Doug- 
lass, born last February. 

Jessie Morton Wolfe, ex-"23, has a second son, 
Robert Wing, born in October. She is now re- 
siding in Burlingame, California. 


Kathi'yn Klumph McGuire has been taking a 
course in modern dancing at the Cleveland In- 
stitute of Music, in Cleveland, Ohio. She directed 
one of the children's plays for the Junior League 

Helen Mowry Johnson is now Mrs. Walter C. 
Fell, and is now residing in San Francisco, Cali- 

Frances Nash Grand has another daughter, 
Nell, a year old. 

Muriel MacLeod Searby has a daughter, born 
in December. She is now at Fort Sill, Oklahoma. 

Emily Plummer Heinen. ex-'24, is taking Ger- 
man and Philosophy at Rice. 

Byrd Fiery Bowman, ex-"24. has a daughter, 
Nancy Byrd, born last fall. 

Elizabeth Hamann Easley, ex-"24, has a daugh- 
ter, Elizabeth Fredonia, born Januai7 27. 

Martha Cooper Judy, ex-'24, has two children, 
Joan and Mills Cooper. 


Lorraine ^McCrillis is teaching history in the 
high school at Hackensack, New Jersey. 

Mazie Lee Vernon has been awarded a prize 
for her review of '".Autobiography of Lincoln 
Steffens."' This review appeared in the February 
issue of the "Golden Book." 

Mary Nadine Pope has announced her engage- 
ment to Mr. Carrington Brush Phillips of Barber- 
ton, Ohio. During the Christmas holidays she 
visited Mary Reed Hartshorn. 

Louise Gibbon Carmichael and her small 
daughter. Louise, spent the Christmas holidays 
in Charlotte, North Carolina. 

Adelaide Harris Holmes and her son, James D. 
Ill, are visiting for several months in Concord, 
her old home. 

Mary Doivds Houck played the leading role in 
a play produced by the Shaker Players. Shaker 
Heights, Ohio. 

Martha McHenry Holter has a son, Frederic 
Arnold, Jr.. born last October. 

Cordelia Kirkendall Buckman, ex-"25, spent the 
month of November visiting in Wilkes-Barre, New 
York, and Boston. While in Lancaster she 
visited Susan Haaer Rohrers. 

Tallulah Holloway, ex-"25, is Assistant Super- 
intendent of Schools in Falls County, Texas. 

Margaret Freeman Sherdabl, ex-'25, has a 
daughter, born recently. 

Elizabeth Early Dickerson, ex-"25, has a daugh- 
ter, born last fall. 

Evelyn Pretlow Rutledge, ex-'25, has moved to 
Lakeland, Florida. 

Irene Beasley, ex-"25, is broadcasting over the 
Columbia Broadcasting System on Monday, 
Wednesday and Friday at eight-forty-five a. m., 
and over WCSV and WABC at nine-fifteen p. m. 
on Thursdays. 

Louise Durham Meade, ex-'25, with her two 
children, Sally and Walter, Jr., is spending the 
winter in Miami Beach, Florida, and will not re- 
turn to her home in Wisconsin Rapids until late 

Mollie Meriwether, ex-'25, is working on the 
staff in the Registrar's Office at Barnard College. 
She is taking a secretarial course at Barnard and 
will receive her certificate this June. 

Lucille Smith Bauer, ex-"25, has a new baby 
daughter, Eugenia Bradley. 

Louise Wade, cx-'25, spent a week in February 
visiting Elizabeth Manning Wade, '25, at her home 
in New York. 

Helen Rugg, ex-'25. is now Mrs. Horace Condit 
and is living in Wilmette, Illinois. 

Mary Aleshire Klein. ex-"25, has moved to 
Helena. Montana, to live. 

Does Your Annual 
Reflect Credit 
On Your School ? 

By careful planning money can 
be saved and a book of high 
quality produced at reasonable 

School publications are our speci- 
alty, and our artist - engravers 
will be glad to show you the most 
economical way. 

Nearly 100 books engraved in 
1931. There must be a reason. 
Write us for particulars. 

Lynchburg Engravins 

Lynchburg, Virginia 

Alumnae News 



Elizabeth Cobh Sutherland has moved to At- 
lantic City to live. 

Polly Gary Dew was married on February 27 
to Mr. William Woodson of Richmond, Virginia. 
They were married in the church in Amherst, 
Virginia. Eleanor Miller Patterson. '2.5, was one 
of the attendants. Mr. and Mrs. Woodson, after 
a honeymoon trip in Florida, will live in Cleve- 
land, Ohio. 

Gudrun Eskesen was married last summer to 
Mr. Newell Adams Chase and has moved to Cran- 
ford. New Jersey, to live. 

Mildred Lovett is teaching school in Hunting- 
ton, West Virginia. 

jNIargaret Krider Ivey has a son, James Gordon, 
born last November. 

Dorothy Bailey Hughes has a son, George 
Bailey, born Januaiy 17. 

Martha Close Page spent the Christmas holi- 
days in Pittsburgh. She attended the Pittsburgh 
meeting of tlie Alumnae Club on Sweet Briar 

Margaret Laidley, who spent the Christmas 
holidays at her home in Pittsburglt, has returned 
to Charlottesville to continue her nursing course. 

Katherine Blount has returned to her home in 
Brooklyn, New York, after spending several days 
with Katharyn Norris Kelley in Lexington, 

Katharj'n Norris Kelley spent a ^veek on 
campus the middle of Januaiy. 

Frances Eoff, ex-'26, was married last October 
in Fort Wayne, Indiana, to Mr. Claude Null. 

Marion Crane, ex-"26, is now Mrs. James J. 

Sarah McKinney Groner, ex-'26, has moved 
from Washington, D. C, to Hastings-on-the-Hud- 
son. New York, to live. 

Carol de la Hunt, ex-'26, is teaching art and 
speech at Bay View High School, in Milwaukee, 


Reunion 1932. 

A daughter, Joan Garland, was born to Dorothy 
Garland Gustavson on December 4. 

Millicent Milligan was married in January to 
Mr. Walter Harold Hitchman. The wedding took 
place in Los Angeles, California. 

Dorotliy Conaghan was married October 24 to 
Mr. William J. Bennet. After a honeymoon spent 
in Honolulu, Hawaii, Mr. and Mrs. Bennet have 
moved to Cleveland Heights, Ohio, to live. 

Elizabeth Bachman is now Mrs. Kendrich C. 
Hardcastle, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. Hardcastle spent 
their lioneymoon on a Cambbean Cruise, stop- 
ping several days in New Orleans, Louisiana, en 

Virginia Stephenson is working for the Child 
Welfare Board of Wisconsin in Madison, Wis- 

Mary Kent Robbins Ailing has a daughter, 
born last spring. Tlie Allings are now living in 
Pawtucket, Rhode Island. 

Margaret Cramer is the librarian at tlie Cleve- 
land Institute of Music. 

Mildred Wilson was married in the fall to Mr. 
Theodore Stanford Garnett, Jr. 

Evelyn Anderson has announced her engage- 
ment to Mr. Richard Toll. 

Elizabeth Miller Allen is living in Cincinnati, 

Margaret Leigh Hobbs has moved to Balti- 
more, Maryland, to live. 

Doris Beri-y, ex-"27, ^vas married recently to 
Mr. William A. Rountree of Chattanooga, Ten- 

Always Fresh 

Sealed in 

Old Gold 


Not a Cough in a 


M A G A^Z I N E 

Is the favorite periodical of educated 
Americans who depend upon it for a 
sense of perspective on our headlong 

1 yeai, $4: 2 years, $6: 3 years, $8 


49 East 33rd St. ■»• New York, N. Y. 


Sweet Briar College 

Theodora Cheeseman, ex-'27, spent four months 
last summer in northern Michigan and while 
there she attended the Bay View Summer School, 
taking a course in Zoology. 

Genevieve Black Newton. ex-'27. has moved to 
Seattle, Washington, to live. 

Mary Thomson Hanod, ex-"27. has a daughter, 
Martha Elizabeth. 

Lucy Scott McKenzie, ex-'27, was married 
December 19 to Mr. John Harvie Price and has 
moved to Montgomery, Alabama, to live. 

Louise Harper, ex-'27, is working in a depart- 
ment store in Philadelphia. 

Anne Ashurst Gwathmey, ex-"27, is working in 
a bookshop in New York City. 

Julia Reynolds Dreisbach, ex-"27, has a second 
daughter, Jerry Lou. They are now living in 
Flushing, Long Island. 


Anne Harrison Shepherd visited Grace Sunder- 
land Kane during the Christmas holidays, and 
joined the Kanes on a trip to Monterey, Mexico. 
Later she visited Sarah Dance Krook in Tulsa. 
Oklahoma, and from there she went to Lexington, 
Kentucky, to visit Winifred t( est Madden. 

Elizabeth Prescott Balch has a daughter, Cyn- 
thia, sixteen months old. Katherine Emery has 
been visiting the Balch's at their home in Utica, 
New York. 

Marion Taber Maybank has a son, David, Jr. 

Anne Beth Price was married on December 25 
to Mr. Harold F. Clark of New York City and 
has moved there to live. 

Marion Sumner is teaching at the Lee School 
in Boston, Massachusetts. 

Alice Babbitt is now Mrs. James Cunningham 

Marguerite Hodnett recently announced her 

Ella Polk, ex-'28, is now Mrs. John A. Brough 
and is living in New York City. 

Eleanor Gibbs, ex-'28, was married last fall to 
Dr. Herman J. Brueckner. Dorothy Meginniss, 
'28, was a member of the wedding party. 

Elizabeth Miller Foote. ex-'28. was married on 
January 14 to Mr. Don Hugh Gearheart. 

Elizabeth Woodward, ex-"28. was married re- 
cently to Mr. Henry Jeffers, Jr., of Plainsboro, 
New Jersey. 

Katherine Owens Price, ex-'28, is now living 
in Beaumont, Texas. 

Mary Nelms. ex-"28, was married recently to 
Mr. Joseph H. Locke. 

Ann Conway is studying architecture in Boston. 
Jessie Exley is now Mrs. Henry Johnson Woot- 
en and is living in Rome, Georgia. 

Mildred Bushey was manied on Marcli 1 to Mr. 
Joseph Walter Scheer, Jr. 

Eva Cumnock and Charlotte Conway, '28. are 
working at Lord and Taylors. 

Sarah Dodgen MacGuire has moved from her 

home in Spartanburg, South Carolina, to live in 
New York City. 

Anna Garnett Torian has received her M. A. 
in History from the University of Georgia 

Mary Copeland Sturgeon has moved to Mem- 
phis, Tennessee, to live. 

Katherine Ramage Smith was married January 
2 to Mr. Garland Cecil Boothe. 

Kathryn Close is doing family welfare Avork 
in Pittsburgh. 

Kate Coe is taking a course in Applied Art in 
the Art School at the Roerich Museum in New 
York City. 

Liza Guigcn is one of the four Albntina Rasch 
specialty dancers in "The Cat and the Fiddle,'" 
now playing in New York City. 

Frances Puckett Muir, ex-'29, has a son, Donald 
Ewart, born last July 7. 

Jane Wilkinson, ex-'29, is doing photography 
work and is specializing on children and gardens. 

Barbara Lewis, ex-"29, was married on February 
11 to Mr. Edward Douglas Howard, II. 

Evelyn Bye Ross, ex'29, has moved to St. Louis. 
Missouri, to live from her home in Cincinnati. 

Marjorie Fish Elliott, ex-"29, is now living at 
her home in Laredo, Texas, and is working for 
the Texas Mexican Railway Company. She has 
one son, Charles Wendel. 

Edna Earl McGehee, ex-"29, is chief dietitian 
of the Marion City Hospital in Marion, Ohio. 

Wilhelmina Rankin is studying for her master 
degree in Latin at the New York Lhiiversity. In 
the January issue of Latin Notes she has an ar- 
ticle on An Evaluation of the Symposium, in the 
December Latin Notes, entitled "Do I Like 

Mary Huntington is spending the winter at her 
home in Rome, New York, and is taking a busi- 
ness course. 

Gvi'endolyn Olcott is one of the secretaries at 
the Dwight School in Englewood, New Jersey. 
She has also been giving some instruction in 
hockey. She entertained Elizabeth Boone, Mary 
Douglas Lyon, and Elizabeth McCrady during a 
week-end in February. 

"In the Blue. Ridge Mountains of Virginia" 



Stationers : EngraTers 

Maintaining Y ear-Round Gift 

Manufacturers' Asents for reproductions of 
Jefferson Furniture and Antiques 

S08-10 East Main Street 

Alumnae News 


Norvell Rover is ivorking at the Provident Mu- 
tual Life Insurance Company, in Richmond. Vir- 

Elizabeth ]\IcCrady is studying kindergarten 
work at Teachers College, Columbia. 

Sarah Clarke de Saussure was married on Feb- 
ruary 9 to Mr. Cornelius Elliott Heath. 

Both Elizabeth Boone and Mary Douglas Lyon 
are taking secretarial courses. 

Eunice Walters, ex-'30, is teaching Latin in 
Franklinville, New York. 

Ruth Hendri.x, ex-"30, was married December 
30 to Mr. Charles Brawner. 

Hallie Williamson, ex-'30, was married recently 
to Mr. Patterson Caywood and is living in New 
York City. 

Josephine Ahernethy TuiTentine, ex-'30, has 
moved to New York City to live. 

Virginia Dey Chard, ex-'30, is now living at 
Camp Meade, Maryland, where her husband, 
Lieut. Chard is stationed. 

Elizabeth Thomason Griffin, ex-'30, with Mr. 
Griffin has returned to Chicago to live. 

Virginia Louise Leigh, ex-"30, was married Feb- 
ruar>- 1 to Mr. William Postell Witsell, Jr. 

Margaret Pleasants, ex-'30, has a kindergarten 
in Huntington, West Virginia. 

Rachel Buchanan Ferguson, ex-"30, was married 
December 29 to Mr. Andrew Wallace Wells. 

Georgie Wilson, ex-'30, was mamed February 
6 to Mr. Oscar A. Mockridge of Montelair, New 


Reunion— 1932. 

Margaret Lee is studying for her M. A. at the 
University of Cincinnati. 

Margaret Gillette was manied on February 6 
in the Little Church Around the Corner to Mr. 
William R Newton. 

Matilda Fontaine Jones was married on Jan- 
uary 18 to Mr. John Joseph Shillington and has 
moved to Webster Groves, Missouri, to live. 

Elizabeth Stribling is studying portrait painting 
at the St. Louis School of Fine Arts. She was 
one of the attendants in Matilda Jones' wedding. 

Frances Whitehead is teaching mathematics in 
the Norview High School, Norfolk County, Vir- 

Virginia Quintard has been tutoring in tlie 
Lucy Paxton Country Day School in Stamford, 
Connecticut. She plans to take a business course 
this spring. 

Jane Tucker was manied on February 6 to 
Mr. HaiTy Elmer Ferrell of PottsviDe, Pennsyl- 

Mary Lou Flournoy is enjoying a Mediterra- 
nean cruise and does not plan to return to Nor- 
folk until late spring. 

Mary Whitfield Pearsall is taking a business 
course at the Motte Business College in Wilming- 
ton, North Carolina. 

Jessie Hall has returned to her home in Wil- 
mington, North Carolina, from spending several 
weeks in New York City. 

Charlotte Kent is in New York where she will 
spend several weeks. 

Isabel Solomon is doing charity work in the 
Mount Sinnai Hospital in Cleveland. Ohio. 

Mary Lynn Carlson has announced her engage- 
ment to Mr. Hugher King of Darlington. South 

Elizabeth Conover has announced her engage- 
ment to Mr. George Gratton. Ill, and will be 
married in June. 

Sue Haskell. ex-'31, has been studying Journal- 
ism at the University of Georgia. 

Louise Wilson. ex-"31. was manied recently to 
Mr. Fillmore N, Brist. 

Mary Katherine Pape Sack, ex-"31, has moved 
to East Orange, New Jersey, to live. 

Virginia Bradley Buitows. ex-'31, is a senior in 
the Wheelock School for Kindergarten in Boston. 

Betty Goff. ex-'31, has announced her engage- 
ment to Mr. Donald Newhall of Minneapolis, 

Elizabeth Greer. ex-'31, has been visiting her 
cousin, Elizabeth Phillips, '31, in Memphis, Ten- 

Sara M. Foster, ex-'31. is studying dramatic 
art at the Alviene School of the Theatre, New 
York City. 

Dorothy Ayres. ex-"31, will be married on April 
2 to Mr. John Holt. She was on campus recently, 
stopping en route to her home from Florida. 

Polly Swift Calhoun, e.x-'3I, with her husband, 
is spending two months abroad. 


Sarah Ison was married recently to Mr. Louis 
Andrew Hawkins, Jr. 

Margaret Blaikie has just completed her secre- 
tai-ial work in connection with the publishing of 
the "Economic Sur\'ey of the Book Industry." 

Helen Pauline Goodwin has announced her 
engagement to Dr. Kenneth Hutton LeFever of 
Kinston, New York. They plan to be married 
this fall. 

Mildred Hodges made her debut in Birming- 
ham, Alabama, this winter. She returned to the 
college earlier in the year for a visit. 

Frances Jeffers is making her debut in San 
Antonio this winter. 

Virginia McGehee has announced her engage- 
ment to Mr. Walter Marion Ross of Louisville, 
Kentucky. The w-edding will take place the last 
of .A.pril. 


Mary Garv'er is attending the University of 
Kansas this -svinter. 

Etliel M. Cameron is living at home this winter 
and is doing volunteer social service work at 
Bellevue Hospital, the Riis House Health Center 
and with the Speedwell Societv in New York 

Lucy Moulthrop has announced her engagement 
to Mr. James Halloway Alexander of Lexington, 
Kentucky. She plans to be married on April 2. 


Sweet Briar College 

Janet MacGregor has been visiting Elizabeth 
Taylor at her home in Richmond. ^ irginia. Both 
she and Elizabeth returned to the college for a 
visit during part of Februaiy. 

Elizabeth Schlenck has announced her engage- 
ment to Mr. Kendall Campbell of Cincinnati, 

Margaret Nelson has announced her engage- 
ment to Mr. WilUiam Hartman of Cincinnati, 

Clara If est Stark has a son. Thomas, Jr.. born 
Januaiy 17. 


Mai-y Goode Krone is doing secretarial work 
for a firm in New York City. She is also con- 
tinuing with her French and is doing some organ 

Helen L. Murray has been doing volunteer li- 
braiy work at one of the hospitals in Yonkers, 
New York. She is also coaching basketball to 
a group of poor foreign girls. 

Priscilla Waterman Mullen is taking a course 
in Physical Education at the North Carolina Col- 
lege for Women in Greensboro, North Carolina. 


/ give and bequeath absolutely to Siveet Briar Institute, a 
Corporation created by the State of Virginia, and having its 
College at Sweet Briar, in Amherst County, Virginia, the sum 

of $ , to be invested and from time to time 

re-invested by said Corporation as il shall deem best, and to 

be called the Endowment Fund. The 

interest and income therefrom shall he applied by said Cor- 
poration to the payment of the salaries of its teachers as il 
shall deem expedient. 

I give and bequeath absolutely to Sweet Briar Institute, a 
Corporation created by the State of Virginia, and having its 
College at Sweet Briar, in Amherst County, Virginia, the surn 

of $ - , to be used and appropriated bv said 

Corporation for its benefit in such manner as il shall deem to 
be most useful. 

I give and bequeath absolutely to Sweet Briar Institute, a 
Corporation created by the State of Virginia, and having its 
College at Sweet Briar, in Amherst County, Virginia, the sum 

of $ , to be invested and from time to time 

re-invested by said Corporation as it shall deem best, and to 

be called the Scholarship Fund, the 

interest a?id income to be applied by said Corporation to the 
aiding of its deserving students in Sweet Briar Institute or 






Volume I Number 3 

^iticct 15nat 3Iumnae Bfms 

Editor — Vivienne Barkalow Breckenridge, '18 

Table of Contents 

The Cabin Frontispiece 

New Officers of the Alumnae Association 3 

Editorials 3 

To All Sweet Briar Alumnae 4 

Commencement, June, 1932 5 

Commencement Address by Dr. Lillian M. Gilbreth 5 

The Annual Meeting of the Alumnae Association 8 

The Report of the Alumnae Secretary 9 

Ten Years Out 11 

Announcements Made at the Commencement Exercises 12 

Honors Awarded at Commencement 12 

Graduates of the Class of 1932 13 

Alumnae Attending Commencement : 14 

Alumnae Banquet in Honor of the Class of 1932 16 

History of the College 1900-1906 17 

An Economist's View of the Present Depression 22 

The Flapper of 1796 25 

Sweet Briar May Court 27 

The French University and the American Student 28 

The Sweet Briar Horse Show 31 

The Sweet Briar Glee Club 32 

Campus News 33 

A Portfolio of Sweet Briar Views 34 

Class Personals 36 

The Alumnae News is a member of the American Alumni Council 


Four times a year — March, June, October and December 

Subscription Rate — Sl-00 a year; Single Copies, 30 Cents 

Entered as Second Class Matter, November 23, 1931, at the Post Office, at Sweet Briar, 

Virginia, under the Act of March 3, 1879. 

The Office of the Alumnae Associalicin 


Officers and Members of the Council 

To the outgoing officers and members of 
the Council of the Sweet Briar Alumnae 
Association we are deeply grateful for 
their invaluable advice and untiring efiforts 
during the past two years that they have 
been in office. Always willing to do their 
part in helping to solve the many problems 
that have confronted the office during this 
time, they have co-operated to the fullest 
extent and have cheerfully and wisely 
shared the responsibilities placed upon 

them. It has been my privilege to work 
with them, and their confidence, patience, 
and support have been more than appre- 

To our new officers and members of the 
Council, just elected, we extend our heart- 
iest congratulations and sincere good 
wishes for their future work. It is to them 
that we shall look for guidance and in- 
spiration during these trying times. 

New Officers of the Alumnae 

We take pleasure in announcing the elec- 
tion of the following officers for 1932-1934. 

President — Mrs. John Clark Wood, nee 
Edna Lee, '26. 

Vice-President — Mrs. Stillman Kelley, 
II, nee Katharyn Norris, '26. 

Second Vice - President — Alice Wey- 
mouth, '32. 

Treasurer — Jeannette Boone, '27. 

Council — Margaret Banister, '16; Ger- 
trude Dally, '22; Dorothy Keller, '26; Ger- 
trude Prior, '29. 

The Alumnae News 

The issuance of the third number of the 
Alumnae News for 1931-1932 brings to our 
attention the excellence of this publication, 
and the rapid progress it has made during 
the year. It deserves praise in itself, as 
well as for being a record of events of 
Sweet Briar and its alumnae. 

One of the first articles in the News re- 
minds us that the Sweet Briar Alumnae 
office is the only one in the south that is 
self-supporting. The organization is to be 
complimented on the efficient management 
which makes this possible, and to be 
wished the best of luck in keeping up 

this record. The pages devoted to the 
activities of the various clubs show that 
our alumnae are not failing in their in- 
terest and that throughout the United 
States the members are keeping in contact 
with one another and with the college. 

After looking through the Alumnae 
News, one cannot help feeling keenly the 
alumnae's interest in Sweet Briar and its 
interest in them. The editor may well be 
congratulated on the production of such 
an organ. — Sweet Briar News, March 24, 

To All Sweet Briar Alumnae 

From Nan Powell Hodges 

To the Alumnae: 

Sweet Briar has just completed its 26th 
year! As we look over the list of its stu- 
dents and see there the names of daughters 
of some of the alumnae, we realize that 
soon it will no longer be classed as a 
young college. The years of its life are 
increasing rapidly and, with each added 
year, our college is taking unto itself 
greater prestige and honor in the educa- 
tional world. 

It is a real joy and satisfaction to feel 
that the Alumnae Association is keeping 
pace with the college in its growth and 
development and increasing influence. 
These last two years our association has 
branched out in many directions; and since 
I have been able to do so little towards 
bringing about this growth, I can at least, 
without any embarrassment, point out some 
of its features to you and give the credit 
where it is due. 

The alumnae office — owing to contribu- 
tions from the various clubs and the busi- 
ness ability of our secretary, who seizes 
every opportunity to sell plates, etchings, 
etc. — is, even in these days of depression, 
in excellent financial condition. With re- 
markable ingenuity, our secretary has our 
magazine well on the way towards being 
a financial asset rather than a liability. 
All of you, I am sure, have noted, with 
interest and pleasure, the changed and en- 
larged character of the magazine. 

A number of new clubs have been 
formed, and consequently an increased 
number of alunmae are participating in 
the "Sweet Briar Days." May I, in this 
connection, urge the older alumnae to affil- 
iate with these clubs and to attend their 
meetings? It was my privilege, while 
visiting in New York City this spring, to 

attend a meeting of the New York Club — 
a delightful meeting, with a splendid group 
of the younger alumnae present; but so 
very few of the older ones! Our love for 
and interest in Sweet Briar should sur- 
mount all question of age. Whether you 
are a 1932 graduate or a 1910 graduate, 
you have Sweet Briar in common. Isn't 
that in itself enough to make you want to 
see and know each other? No girls who 
have lived on that campus, rambled 
through those hills, and watched the Sweet 
Briar sunsets can ever be strangers to each 

Our secretary has been able to attend a 
number of the club meetings and to give 
to the various groups the inspiration of 
her enthusiasm. She has also enlarged the 
influence of the association by attending 
and speaking at a number of alumnae con- 
ferences. I have heard from an outside 
source that, in these conferences, our Sweet 
Briar alumnae office was considered one of 
the best managed in the South. 

The years seem to me so few since we 
were a straggling group of graduates, with 
a great deal of love and loyalty for our 
college, but with no efficient organization 
and consequently no real accomplishments. 
It does my heart good to see us as we are 
today — an incorporated association, work- 
ing in increasingly enlarging spheres for 
a great cause and a great college. 

I could not close this message and my 
two years as your president without ex- 
pressing my heartiest congratulations to 
the association and to your secretary, and 
without wishing God-speed to your new 
president in all that she may undertake for 
the welfare of Sweet Briar. 

— Nan Powell Hodges, '10. 

Alumnae News 

Commencement, June, 1932 

Commencement Address — Techniques of Success 
Delivered by Dr. Lillian Moller Gilbreth 

(Editor's Note — Mrs. Lillian Moller Gilbreth, president of Gilbreth, Incorporated, consulting 
engineer, delivered the Commencement address at Sweet Briar on Tuesday, June 7. 

Besides being the mother of twelve children, Mrs. Gilbreth is at present a member of the Ameri- 
can Management Association, the Institute of Management, the Taylor Society, the Society of Me- 
chanical Engineers, the Institute of the Scientific Management of Poland, and honorary member of 
the Society of Industrial Engineers. 

She obtained her Bachelor of Literature and her Master of Literature degrees at the University 
of California. Since her marriage she has obtained her Ph.D. at Brown, in 1915; her Engineering 
degree at the University of Michigan, in 1928, and her Doctor of Engineering degree at Rutgers in 

Mrs. Gilbreth has written Time Study; Fatigue Study; Applied Motion Study; Motion Study for 
the Handicapped ; and in co-authorship with her husband has written The Psychology of Management. 
Her latest book is The Home Maker and Her Job. 

The following is an abstract of the address:) 

AT this time, when the world is fac- 
ing so many problems, it would 
seein specially necessary to con- 
sider people and methods that have been 
proved successful. Failures are useful if 
they show the way to avoid difficulties, — 
but successes may show this toe, and have 
the added advantage of attracting one to 
imitate them. 

A philosophy of life and the belief that 
life is worth living, is interesting, and fur- 
nishes a series of problems that challenge 
one to solve them, — these have proved a 
tremendous advantage to those who have 
them, during these years of stress. The 
ability to detach oneself from one's per- 
sonal situation enough to look at it dis- 
passionately and plan the wisest way to 
work through, — this is something we must 
all cultivate. 

There was never a time when it was 
more important to study econoinics. Not 
only in order to understand great world 
problems, but to make oneself better able 
to participate, possibly as producer, and 

certainly as a consumer and a wise-spend- 
er. For we are coming to realize that the 
economics of wise spending are a vital part 
of individual as well as of business, indus- 
trial, and government efficiency. 

There are certain other techniques of 
individual and group efficiency that have 
demonstrated their usefulness with great 
clarity, these past years. It is necessary 
to be physically adequate. This ineans not 
only developing all the strength, endurance 
and fitness that one has, but adopting 
health habits that maintain such adequacy, 
even when there is most temptation to 
slump. The men and women who have 
done this have been able to swing through 
hard jobs, and to do that thing that is 
even harder, to turn from lighter to heav- 
ier work, easily and successfully. The 
"White Collar" worker, the student, the 
homemaker who has confined her activities 
to the planning, — these people if they had 
developed techniques of physical adequacy, 
have in many cases turned to the jobs that 
meant manual labor, and found not only 

Sweet Briar College 

that they could do them, but could enjoy 
them, because of the physical activity that 
they involved. 

Another technique that has proved its 
use is that of keeping mentally alert. 
Knowledge and schooling, degrees and 
technical training are tremendously useful 
IF the person who has them has used them 
constantly, has kept them up to date, but 
especially if he has kept mentally alert to 
learn more. If he has not, he had not 
been able to meet the changes often made 
necessary by shift of the job, or trying for 
a new one. This has been a time where 
alertness has been stacked against school- 
ing, (or, perhaps better stated opportuni- 
ties at school I and where alertness has 
proved its superiority. Our educational 
system has been challenged, as to the way 
in which it fosters and develops alertness, 
and it is to its credit that it is meeting the 
challenge by a most intensive survey of its 
plans, its methods and its results. The 
college trained man or woman owes his 
education the debt of proving that it has 
been serviceable in keeping him alert- 

A third technique that has proved its 
use is that of maintaining emotional sta- 
bility. Serenity is necessary, if we are to 
think clearly. And only clear thinking can 
lead to wise action. We must look at our 
own behavior and make sure that we are 
adding to serenity, stability, security, not 
subtracting from it. We must evaluate 
every group activity in our community, 
as it adds to or subtracts from serenity. 
There is such a thing as the ''divine dis- 
satisfaction" of which the poets sing, but 
it is not shown bv destructive thousht or 

feeling. It seems specially necessary that 
the young men and women coming out of 
the colleges in such vast numbers during 
these weeks shall appreciate the groups 
that are trying to give a lift to the spirits 
of men, whether they happen to sympathize 
with their doctrines and ceremonies or not. 
It is a time for appreciation, not clever 
but often very superficial irony. 

A fourth technique that we need and 
tliat has shown its usefulness is social ad- 
justment, the ability to work and play with 
other people. Education is recognizing this, 
by stressing "facing reality," "training 
to meet life situations," "pleasurably con- 
ditioned learning," etc.. which implies that 
we learn so successfully, in our own opin- 
ion and that of others, that we want to 
practice what we have learned. Social ser- 
vice and welfare work are realizing this, 
when they stress "Sartorial smartness," not 
so much for the impression that an appro- 
priate appearance gives to others, as to the 
help that it is toward maintaining one's 
own morale. 

\^ e are coming to realize that success lies 
not only in the results, as they are evalu- 
ated by others and by oneself, but in the 
attaining of the results and in the satis- 
factions that come during the attaining as 
well as in the results. This makes the tech- 
niques all the more serviceable and im- 
portant. We may yet come to look back 
on a period, that to us who are living 
through it. seems one of great stress and 
strain, as a time when techniques W'Cre 
tested and when valuable ones were recog- 
nized, and hence adopted and made efficient 

Alumnae News 


Edna Lee Wood, '26, newly elected President of the Alumnae Asso- 
ciation. She comes to this office well informed on alumnae activities and 
is fully equipped to carry on the work so ably done by the preceding 
Presidents. During the campaign of 1928 Edna as the Field Director for 
the Midwestern Area won a host of friends in that large territor\ that 
was her responsibility. It is with great pleasure that we welcome her 
and turn over to her the reins of tliis high office for the next two years. 

Sweet Briar College 

Annual Meeting of the Alumnae Association 

June, 1932 

The regular annual meeting of the Sweet 
Briar Alumnae Association was held on 
Monday, June 6, 1932, in Fletcher Audi- 
torium. Miss Margaret Banister, '16, for 
six years the president of the association 
and at present a member of the Council 
presided, in the absence of our president, 
first vice-president and second vice-presi- 
dent. Miss Banister opened the meeting 
by reading the following telegram from 
Nan Powell Hodges, '10, retiring president 
of the association. "My thoughts have been 
constantly with you alumnae who are at 
Sweet Briar at this commencement. In 
spirit I have followed you through every 
pleasure which I know you are having 
there. Greetings and best wishes for each 
one of you for the association and above 
all for Sweet Briar. Sweet Briar of the 
past the present and the future." The 
Secretary was instructed to wire Mrs. 
Hodges the regrets of the members present 
at her being unable to attend this com- 
mencement. The minutes of the last meet- 
ing were approved as published in the 
Alumnae News Bulletin, November, 1931. 
The reports of the Secretary and Treasurer 
were read and accepted. Reports were 
given from the following Alumnae Clubs: 
Baltimore, Chicago, Cincinnati, Cleveland, 
Washington, D. C. Lynchburg, New York, 
Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, Rochester, and 
Toledo. Discussion followed as to fre- 
quency of meetings, money raising projects 
and other activities of the various Clubs. 
Opinion was general that rummage sales 
proved to be an adequate means of raising 
money. Puppet shows were especially re- 
commended. Many of the Clubs reported 
the policy of entertaining some time during 
the summer the girls who were to enter as 
freshmen in the fall. 

The Secretary read the two recommenda- 
tions of the Council. First, that Section 
Vn to Article VI on Elections be included 
as a part of the constitution, this section 
to read as follows: Any member of the 
Association who is in good standing and 
who finds it impossible to attend the annual 
meetina; at which time the election of offi- 

cers takes place may send her ballot by 
mail to the alumnae secretary not later than 
Saturday preceding the annual meeting. 
Ballots sent in without the signature of 
the sender will not be considered, although 
it is understood that the signature will be 
cut from the ballot before it is given to 
the tellers, and will be held in the strictest 
confidence by the secretary. Katherine 
Blount, '26, moved and Henrietta Wash- 
burn. '14, seconded the motion to adopt 
this recommendation. The motion carried. 
Second, the Council recommends that offi- 
cers of the Alumnae Clubs he elected not 
later than November first of each year. 
Catherine Cordes Kline, '21, moved and 
Marion Shafer Wadhams, '21, seconded the 
motion to adopt this recommendation. The 
motion carried. 

The letter of President Glass of April 
22, 1932, that was sent to all alumnae so 
situated geographically as not to be in- 
cluded in local Alumnae Clubs, was read. 

The Secretary announced the details in 
regard to the Alumnae Banquet and the 
Academic Procession for Commencement 

The Secretary gave a detailed account of 
the exhibit of special alumnae activities, 
outside the academic field, that she had 
seen at Randolph-Macon Woman's College. 
This exhibit proved of such value to the 
alumnae of Randolph-Macon that your sec- 
retarv felt that similar information should 
be in the office and requested that all alum- 
nae engaged in special work please notify 
the office at their earliest convenience. 

There being no further business the meet- 
ing stood adjourned with a rising vote of 
thanks to your Secretary for the success of 
the office, this vote being made on motion 
of Claudine Hutter, ex-'lO. 

Respectfully submitted, 
ViviENNE Barkalow Breckenridge, 
Alumnae Secretary. 

(Secretary's Note: The Council instructed the 
secretary to omit from the printed minutes the 
two recommendations concerning the Boxwood 
Inn and publicity.) 

Alumnae News 

The Report of the Alumnae Secretary 

With the closing of the fiscal year 1931- 
1932 the Sweet Briar Alumnae Association 
finds itself, where it rightfully belongs, 
taking its place with the associations of 
the larger and older colleges. Beginning 
with October of 1931, each month through 
June of 1932 is memorable for widening 
and broadening the scope of alumnae ac- 
tivities and also for the business accom- 
plishments of your alumnae office. Per- 
haps the greatest accomplishment of the 
current year is the change in the policy 
governing alumnae publications. This 
change was made possible after weeks of 
research work, on the part of your secre- 
tary, to deterrriine exactly what an alumnae 
publication should contain and how often 
it should be published. The final result, 
as you know, is the Alumnae News, pub- 
lished four times a year under our own 
permit, and with national "ads" to help 
in defraying the additional expenses in- 
curred in publishing two more issues than 
was formerly possible. It is hoped that 
in time the alumnae publication can be 
put on a paying basis, and that time may 
not be far distant. October was a busy 
month with completing arrangements for 
the change of size and style of the Novem- 
ber Bulletin. October was also the start 
of your secretary's visiting many of the 
Alumnae Clubs this past year. On October 
7, 1931, Dr. Harley and your secretary at- 
tended the alumnae meeting and tea given 
by the Roanoke Club at the home of Clau- 
dine Griffin Holcomb, ex-'ll. 

Early in November we began work on 
the movie films that were to be ready for 
use on Sweet Briar Day and thereafter for 
all of the Alumnae Clubs that wanted them. 
This film includes many of the interesting 
events of campus life and has been sent to 
most of the Clubs for use at their meetings. 
This film was also sent to the Englewood 
Chapter of the American Association of 
Llniversity Women for use at their annual 
meeting held recently at the Dwight School. 
In December the first issue of tlie Alum- 
nae News to carry advertisements was pub- 
lished. This issue contained the announce- 
ment of additional china; tea sets, tea cups 

and saucers, tea plates, and bread and 
butter plates. Already many orders have 
been taken for these new pieces of china 
to match the plates that have become a 
necessity for every alumna's home. Sweet 
Briar Day, according to reports of the 
Presidents and Representatives, was well 
attended everywhere, Pittsburgh having the 
largest number present and San Diego, the 
smallest. Three new Clubs were formed 
on this day, Birmingham, Duluth, and The 
Eastern Shore of Virginia Club. Hilda 
Harpster, '27, was the guest and speaker 
of the Cleveland Club and your secretary 
was the guest and speaker of the Washing- 
ton. D. C, Club. 

In January Miss Glass and Mrs. Lill 
were entertained by the Cincinnati Alum- 
nae Club at a tea given at the Queens City 
Club. Late in this month your secretary 
attended the Regional meeting of the 
American Alumni Council which was held 
at Rollins College in Winter Park, Florida. 
At this meeting Sweet Briar was congratu- 
lated on the financial success of its alum- 
nae office. While there your secretary 
spoke on '"The Business Management of 
Alumnae Publications" and also on "Fi- 
nancing an Alumnae Office." 

February found your Council at work 
on plans that would permit every alumnae 
to vote by mail. Full details of this plan 
were printed in the March issue of the 
Alumnae News and will not be repeated 
here. On February 11 Miss Glass and 
your secretary attended a tea, given in their 
honor, by the Richmond Alumnae Club. 
Miss Glass talked to the girls about the 
many interesting things that are being done 
at college, after which the movie film was 

Another Alumnae News reached you in 
March. This issue carried the new and 
interesting information regarding the an- 
nouncement of the Book Shop Committee 
and its service to alumnae everywhere. 
On March 15 your president. Nan Powell 
Hodges, '10, and your secretary attended 
the monthly meeting of the New York 
Club. Mrs. Hodges spoke on alumnae ac- 
tivities in general and your secretary, after 


Sweet Briar College 

outlining the many problems confronting 
every alumnae office, spoke particularly on 
"The Value of Organized Clubs to the 
Almnnae Association." While your presi- 
dent and secretary were in New York they 
signed a contract with The Graduate Group, 
Inc., which means that this firm will be 
instrumental in securing national "ads" for 
the Alumnae News. In the March issue of 
the Junior League Magazine, which was an 
Educational number, there is an article on 
Sweet Briar College by your secretary. 

On April 5, Dr. Carl E. Grammer, Presi- 
dent of the Board of Overseers and Presi- 
dent of the Board of Directors, and your 
secretary attended the monthly meeting of 
the Philadelphia Alumnae Club. Dr. 
Grammer reviewed some of the interesting 
history of the early life of the college and 
announced with the greatest pride that his 
new little granddaughter, the daughter of 
Dorothy Grammer Krauter, ex-'17, had 
been registered to enter Sweet Briar in 
1950. Your secretary spoke on "What 
an Alumnae Association Means to its 
College." The Chicago Alumnae Club 
entertained Mrs. Lill at a luncheon at the 
College Club on April 20 at which time the 
movies were shown. Mrs. Lill spoke on 
"Recent Developments at Sweet Briar." 
The Richmond Club had as their guests 
the Sweet Briar Glee Club on April 29 and 

May first the Commencement letter was 
mailed to everyone. This letter contained 
the details of the arrangements for return- 
ing alumnae, together with the program 
for the four days of festivities at this time. 

During the May Day week-end more than 
thirty-five alumnae were on campus. Eight 
graduates entered the Alumnae Class in the 
Mav Day Horse Show. Miss Maher do- 
nated a riding crop as a first prize for this 
very special class. 

The customary follow up checks that 
have, in the past, been sent to alumnae not 
paying their dues by March first, were 
omitted this year and the plea for dues 

went out in the March issue of the Alumnae 
News. Page 20 of this issue was paid for 
by the Athletic Department as it contained 
the announcement of the Alumnae Class at 
the May Day Horse Show. This gift 
amounted to $6.50. 

We are indebted to Martha Hines Dixon, 
ex-'15, for her copy of the 1913 Briar 
Patch and to Elizabeth Eggleston, '19, for 
the Briar Patches of 1918 and 1919, and 
to LaVern McGehee Olney, '23, for the 
1920 annual. This leaves only five more 
to complete the file in the office, of these 
valuable books. 

One page of the 1932 Briar Patch con- 
tains a picture of die Alumnae Office and 
an article on the value of the central office 
on the campus. This page is the gift of 
the Class of 1933. 

The Sweet Briar News has continued its 
policy of co-operation and has given space 
each week for alumnae news items. 

The sale of plates, etchings, and air- 
plane pictures continues satisfactory. 

The Alumnae Office gave one of the 
prizes for Clean Up Week. This prize 
amounted to $2.00 and was won by Hen- 
rietta Martin, '34. 

During the past eight months more than 
25.000 letters, bulletins, and circulars have 
left this office, an increase over last year 
of nearly 10,000. Of this number thirty- 
two pieces of mail have been returned un- 
claimed. This means that thirty-two mem- 
bers of the Association have been "lost." 
While this is twenty-five less than last year, 
it is regrettable that any member should 
have to be permanently taken from the 
alumnae list just for the lack of an ad- 
dress. Every effort is, however, being 
made to locate these missing alumnae. 
Please help to lighten the burden of this 
office by sending in your change of address. 

Respectfully submitted, 

ViviENNE Barkalow Breckenridge, 

Alumnae Secretary. 



Ten Years Out 

Bv Amey Smyth, '22 

A decade of being an alumna — then 
to return, and look, and wonder. 
For while we have been learning 
to live, growing up by degrees. Sweet Briar 
too has been growing. 

"It's ideal, with the new gym, the stables, 
and student privileges," we said, enviously, 
recalling the congestion and conventions of 
ten years ago. 

"We still have classes," reminded a se- 
nior; "have you seen the library before 
exams : 

So they balance, studies and athletics, 
just as they always did. Sweet Briar is 
essentially the same. Only, like ourselves, 
she is — well, maturing — we cannot realize 
that we are ten years older. Even the 
height of old spruces and the spreading 
deodar beside the Cabin will not force us 
to admit that! 

And yet, so much has happened since 
June, 1922 : Fergus Reid, a new dormitory, 
Fletcher Hall, the Daisy Williams Gymna- 
sium, the Boxwood Inn, the Mary Helen 
Cochran Library, the Infirmary, the Book 
Shop, and the many attractive faculty 
homes. It looks as though a greater Sweet 
Briar were already budding and preparing 
to blossom. 

Present day students are fortunate in 
their modern equipment, their wider range 
of interests in their activities and classes. 
We doubt whether they love Sweet Briar 
more, or get more out of the college ex- 
perience than we did in our day. These 
things are relative to the individual and 
the times. Clear vision, a level head, 
imagination, must be in the personal re- 
cipe, nowadays more than ever. 

Looking back, ours were good years; 
many old faces have disappeared; we our- 
selves are no longer carefree. For a few 
days it is pleasant to remember those four 
years, to sink into the old college atmos- 
phere ( unchanged in spirit for all the out- 
ward changes I , to view the old life through 
the windows of our ten years' experience in 
a larger world. Now as always, we are 
proud of Sweet Briar and believe in her 

And — the joys of getting back — 


Gertrude hoWy 22 , Amey 6myth 22, 
Burti Dic/ism c5teven5 'Z2, GdtherincOooK 22,, 

"There's Doctor Harley, bless her red 

"The lake gets as muddy as ever." 

"Miss Dix says she can't furnish towels, 
wouldn't you know it?" 

"Any mail for me, Gert? Tom said he'd 
write me." 

— just as in the old days! 

It's no use — we could go on indefinitely. 
Sweet Briar in May and June — the poetry 
of that beloved old garden by moon or 
sun-light — the thrill of mingling familiar 
sights with new impressions, and knowing 
they belong to us, as we to them — it's all 
a part of "re-uning." 

Of course the final play. Baccalaureate 
Sermon, the alumnae banquet in honor of 
the seniors, and the commencement exer- 
cises, are integral parts of it. But they are 
not entirely what we return for. It is to 
renew old friendships, to see the dreamed- 
of hills, a haven from the world we have 
known since graduation, to walk the quiet 
colonnades, to drink again the wine brewed 
in this magic atmosphere — that is what a 
Sweet Briar reunion means to most of us, 
even youngsters of 1922. 

12 Sweet Briar College 

Announcements Made at the Commencement 


The following gifts were made to Sweet 
Briar College during 1931-1932: 

S7,000 from the Carnegie Corporation 
of New \ork, the last of four such gifts, 
for the development of the library. 

The library has also received 379 vol- 
umes and 180 pamphlets as gifts during 
the year. The Browsing Room has re- 
ceived a gift of S250 for books from the 
Brambler — a college publication. 

A painting, "A Scene on the Loire," 
given by the artist. Mr. G. Thompson 

A collection of Mound Builder artifacts 
given by Mrs. W. F. Garth, whose daughter 
was a student at Sweet Briar in 1909-1910. 
and whose granddaughter. Alice Estill, is 
now a student at Sweet Briar. 

A gift from individual alumnae, giving 
S3 each, now totalling §223. toward an 

emergency fund for special student aid 
next year. 

A gift of S25 from the Washington Club 
of the Alumnae Association for the student 
emergency fund. 

A gift of S472.00 for the construction 
of the Reflecting Pool and future plantings 
in front of the library, from the classes of 
1932 and 1933. 

S7,000 from the Carnegie Corporation 
of New York, to be used in 1932-33 in 
support of the college's program in the 

A gift of S700 from the Briar Patch of 
1931: S353.8.5 from the Dance Committees 
of 1931-32: and §900 from the Student 
Government Association: totalling S1.953.- 
85 as the initial endowment for a scholar- 
ship fund. 

Honors Awarded at Commencement 


Special Honor Students: 
Flench — Highest Honors: 
Edith Marshall Railey 

Greek and Latin — Highest Honors: 

Marcia Lewis Patterson 
Departmental Honors: 

Irene Garrison Kellogg 
Economics and Sociology: 

Eleanor Franke 

Alice Saunders Dabney 

Marjorie Miller 

Hazel Stamps 
French : 

Sarah Bright Gracey 

Emma West Green 

Barbara Munter 
Greek and Latin: 

In Latin — 
. Susie Ella Burnett 

In Greek and Latin — 

Sarah Rice Johnson Forsyth 
Historj' and Government: 

Dorothy Allen Smith 

Interdepartmental Major: 

In Revolution and Romanticism- 
Margaret Bennett 


Margaret Bennett 
Susie Ella Burnett 
Sarah R. J. Forsyth 
Eleanor Franke 
Anne Armistead McRae 
Barbara Munter 
Marcia Lewis Patterson 
Edith Marshall Railey 
Dorothy Allen Smith 


Alice Saunders Dabney 
Irene Garrison Kellogg 


Eleanor Ann Elliott 
Julia Moss Peterkin 


Marjorie Jane Snuth 
Alice Graham Shirley 


Mary Greenwood Imbrie 
Helen Martin 

Alumnae News 


Graduates of the Class of 1932 

Degree Name Address 

A.E. Ainsworth, SallT 

325 North Broad Street, 
Thomasville, Georgia 

A.E. Bellamy, Vir°;iriia 

611 "Market Street, 
Wilmington, Xortli Carolina 

A.B. Bennett. Marsaret 

Greer, South Carolina 
A.B. Bryan, Henrietta 

United States ilarine Hospital, 

Savannah, Georgia 
A.B. Buist, Gertrude 

414 Pendleton Street, Greenville, 

South Carolina 
A.B. Burnett, Susie 

Jasmine Hills, Peachtree Road, 

Atlanta, Georgia 
A.B. Cochran, Courtenay 

Jefferson Park, Alexandria, Tirginia 
A.B- Dabney, Alice 

University, Virginia 
A.E. Doughtie, Elizabeth 

726 College Street, Helena, Arkansas 
A.E. Douglass; Elizabeth 

1316 South Perry Street, 

ilontgomery, Alabama 
A.B. Fisher, Jessie 

3724 Potomac Avenue, Highland Park, 

Dallas, Texas 
A.E. Forsyth, Sarah 

Esmont, ^"irginia 
B.S. Fowler, Constance 

50 Eeeehing: Street, 

Worcester, Massachusetts 
A.B. Franke, Eleanor 

1412 St. James Court, Louisville, Kentucky 
A.E. Gibbons, Mildred 

823 South Delaware Avenue, 

Tampa, Florida 
B.S. Gilbert, Anna 

3405 Ashley Terrace, "Washington, D. C. 
A.B. Gracey, Sarah Bright 

960 Hickman Road, Augusta, Georgia 
A.B. Green, Emma 

220 North 15th Street, 

Wilmington, North Carolina 
A.B. Groner, Stuart 

700 Westover Avenue, Norfolk, Virginia 
A.E. Hall, Margaret 

109 North 15th Street, 

Wilmington, North Carolina 
A.B. Hall, Tirginia 

120 Herbert Street, Cedartown, Georgia 
A.B. Harrison, Sarah 

3818 Cliff Road, Birmingham, Alabama 
A.B. Hays, Jane 

222 Bower Hill Road, Mt. Lebancti, 

Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 
A.B. Higgins, Elizabeth 

70 Tompkins Street, Cortland, New York 
A.B. Job, Elizabeth 

2000 Lexington Avenue, 

Ashland, Kentucky 
A.B. Kellogg, Irene 

Gildersleeve Wood, University, Virginia 
A.B. Kerr, Ruth 

44 Green Street, 

Wollaston, Massachusetts 
A.B. Larimer, Mildred 

3240 19th Street, N. W., 

\\ ashington, D. C. 
A.B. McRae, Anne 

49 Rue Moliere, Shanghai. China 
A.B. MagoflSn, Charlotte 

Portage Point, Deer*.\'ood, Minnesota 




A.B. Magruder, Betty Allen 

100 West Jefferson Street, 
Charlottesville, Virginia 

A.B. Malm, Marion 

2683 St. James Parkway, 
Cleveland Heights, Ohio 

A.B. Marshall, Susan 

111 Middle Street, Portsmouth, Virginia 

B.S. Mattingly, Eleanor 

Bealeton, Virginia 
A.B. Maxwell, Emily 

1511 Lee Street, Charleston, 

West Virginia 

A.B. Miller, Marjorie 

Cote de Neiges Road, Montreal, Canada 

A.B. Morris, Letha 

500 Oakland Avenue, 
Pasadena, California 

A.E. Munter, Barbara 

Custom House, Boston, Massachusetts 

A.B. Nightingale, Helen 

14412 Drexmore Road, Cleveland, Ohio 

A.B. Pancake, Mary Moore 

120 East Frederick Street, 
Staunton, Virginia 

A.B. Patterson, Marcia 

37 Hilton Avenue, Hempstead, New York 

A.B. Phillips, Sarah 

1766 Harbert Avenue, Memphis, Tennessee 

A.B. Pratt, Helen 

Forest Glen, Maryland 

A.B. Railey, Edith 

Versailles, Kentucky 

A.B. Remon, Ruth 

3104 33rd Place, N. W., Washington, D. C. 

A.B. Sencindiver, Frances 

102 Tennessee Avenue, 
Martinsburg, West A'irginia 

A.E. Shallenberger, Sara 

The War Department, Washington, D. C. 

A.B. Sherman, Theda 

3324 Newark Street, N. W., 
Washington, D. C. 

A.B. Smith, Dorothy 

Box 1395, Charlottesville, Virginia 

A.B. Smith. Adelaide 

1901 East 2ud Street, Duluth, Minnesota 

A.B. Squibb, "^'irginia 

Grey Manor, McMillan Street, 
Cincinnati, Ohio 

A.B. Stamps, Hazel 

841 Myrtle Street, N. E., Atlanta. Georgia 

A.B. Stone, Beatrice 

The Plains, Virginia 

B.S. Uber. Elizabeth 

221 Emerson Avenue, 

Aspinwall, Pennsylvania 
A.B. Ward, Marjorie 

2211 Boulevard, Wilmington, Delaware 

A.B. Ware, Mary 

Pedlar Mills, Virginia 
A.B. West, Elizabeth 

623 Baldwin Place, Norfolk, Virginia 
A.B. Weymouth, Alice 

152 Central Avenue, Flushing, New York 
A.B. White. Jane 

804 South Jefferson, Mexico, Missouri 
A.B. Wilson, Nancy 

University, ^"irginia 
A.B. Wright. Eleanor 

The War Department. Washington, D. C. 


Sweet Briar College 

Alumnae Attending Commencement 


Margeiy Cox White 

Anne Cumnock Miller 
Eugenia Griffin Burnett 
Frances Murrell Rickards 

EX 1910 
Claudine Hutter 

EX 1911 
Claudine Griffin Holcomb 

Rebecca White Faesch 

Henrietta Washburn 
EX 1914 
Elizabeth Anderson Kirkpatiick 

Frances Pennypacker 
EX 1915 
Jessie Darden Christian 

Margaret Banister 

Polly Bissel Ridler 
Henrietta Crump 
Rachael Lloyd Hoyt 
Bertha Pfister Wailes 

EX 1917 
Anna Beveridge Leake 
Ria Thomas Glass 

Margaret McVey 

Rosanne Gilmore 

Dorothy Wallace 

EX 1920 
Lucille Barrow Turner 

Catherine Cordes Kline 
Mary McLemore Matthews 
Marion Shafer Wadhams 
Elizabeth Shoop Dixon 
Miriam Thompson Winne 

EX 1921 
Mildred Ellis Reed 

Catherine Cook 
Gertrude Dally 
Burd Dickson Stevenson 
Elizabeth Huber Welsh 
Amey Smyth 

EX 1922 
Marguretta Carper MacLeod 

Marie Klooz 
Richie McGuire 
Lydia Purcell Wilmer 

EX 1924 
Jacquelin Franke Charles 

Elizabeth MacQueen Nelson 
Mary Sailor Gardiner 

Katherine Blount 
Edna Lee Wood 

EX 1926 
Gertrude Clark Carlson 
Marion VanCott Borg 

Elizabeth Bachman Hardcastle 

Jeanette Boone 

Madeline Broun Wood 

Mai-y Close Gleason 

Caroline Compton 

Margaret Cramer 

Elsetta Gilchrist 

Hilda Hai-pster 

Elizabeth Miller Allen 

Elise AJorley Fink 

Pauline Payne 

Jane Riddle 

Nar Warren Taylor 

Belle Brockenbrough 
Mildred Bushey Scherr 
Anne Mason Brent Winn 
Sally Callison Jamison 
Katherine Close 
Meredith Ferguson 
Hallet Gubelman 
Mai-y McDiarmid 
Gertrude Prior 
Josephine Tatman 

EX 1929 
Edna Earl McGehee 
Margaret Cucullu 
Elizabeth Boone 
Grace Ferguson 
Mary Douglass Lyon 
Elizabeth McCrady 
Maiy Macdonald 
Gwendolyn Olcott 
Mildred Pickett 
Elizabeth Saunders 
Maiy Walker 
Adelaide Wampler 

EX 1930 
Margaret Weisiger 
Elizabeth Clark 
Jean Cole 
Margaret Ferguson 
Mary Lou Flournoy 
Jessie Hall 
Caroline Heath 
Frances Kelly 
Charlotte Kent 
Virginia Keyser 
Fanny O'Brian 
Elizabeth Phillips 
Virginia Quintard 
Mary Leigh Seaton 
Man' Frances Westcott 
Peronne Whittaker 
Ella Williams 
Nancy Worthington 

EX 1933 
Mildred Hodges 
Elizabeth Young 

h^r^et Boniater '16, Gertrude Prior'29, 
Gertrude liBlly '2Z 

Iranois jnurr£ltti\Qt^Qrd5 '10, 

A.rne OumnocH iA\\\cr 'lO 


/JOJMNAL ready for AOAbLMlC/ PROOL5510N 


Sweet Briar College 



Honorary Member Class of 1932 

Saturday, June 4 

5:00 P. M.— Senior Garden Party. 

8:00 P. M.— Final Play. 

10:00 P. M.— Movies of the Campus, 
Alumnae and Guests: 21 Academic. 
Sunday, June 5 

11:00 A. M. — Baccalaureate Sermon, the 
Reverend Clifford L. Stanley, Virginia The- 
ological Seminary, Alexandria, Virginia, 

5:00 P. M.— Step Singing. 

6:00 P. M.— Vespers, in the Dell, Pi-esi- 
dent Glass. 

10:30 P. M.— Lantern Night. 
Monday, June 6 — Alumnae Day 

1:00 P. M.— College Luncheon for the 
Graduates, Alumnae, Faculty and Guests. 

2:00 P. M.— Alumnae Meeting, Fletcher 

6:30 P. M. — Alumnae Banquet for the 

Tuesday, June 7 

10:00 A. M. — Commencement Exercises: 
Conferring of Degrees; Address, Dr. Lil- 
lian M. Gilbreth, Montclair, New Jersey. 

Alumnae Banquet in Honor of the Class of 1932 
By Gertrude Prior, '29 

"We see again the old familiar funny 
faces." "We hear the old voices; how well 
we do remember some of the voices!" — 
"Miss Glass, she speaks for herself" — "I 
am most capable of introducing the next 
speaker after having studied for four vears 
under her the subject of track" — "We will 
now sing the Sweet Briar Song"^ — "Good 
night" — These are some of the high spots 
in the toast-mistress' part in the Alumnae 
Banquet held this June at Sweet Briar. 
There is no doubt that the success of this 
function was in great part due to Pauline 
(Pewre) Payne, class of '27. 

With nearly 100 alumnae, guests, and 
members of the class of 1932 present, there 
is no editorial comment in the fact that the 
banquet was enjoyed by everyone. The 
food was good, the table decorations were 
artistic, the spirit was high. 

After the opening roll call when mem- 
bers of each class rose, the first person to 
speak was Miss Glass. She gave a com- 
pact and highly interesting talk on Scholar- 
ship and Honors, foreign Study, and the 

Development of Art Studies in the college. 
She also spoke about Student Aid. 

Miss Rogers, the honorary member of the 
hostess class, spoke a few delightful words, 
after she was told by Miss Payne that she 
would be expected to speak since her in- 
troduction was the best one she had. 

Margaret Banister, in the absence of Nan 
Powell Hodges, '10, president of the Asso- 
ciation, welcomed the Seniors into the As- 
sociation with the induction ceremony. 

Dorothy Smith, president of the class of 
1932, assured the Alumnae of the respon- 
sibility felt by her class and of their en- 
deavor to be loyal to the standards set for 

The new officers of the Association were 
then announced, and Edna Lee Wood, '26, 
expressed her appreciation of the honor 
given her. Everyone seemed immensely 
satisfied with the results of the election. 

The banquet closed with the singing of 
the Sweet Briar Song, and the affair ended 
in hilarity and in complete satisfaction of 
the plais of the hostess class. 

Alumnae News 


Sweet Briar College History, 1900-1906 

By Gay Patteson 

(Editor's Note — Miss Gay Patteson, a member of the faculty from 1906-1919 and associated 
with the college library staff since retiring from, teaching, was regarded one of the most suitable 
persons to write of the early history of Sweet Briar College. From her own memory and from in- 
formation gleaned from friends and papers of the Fletcher family she has given us an accurate 
account of the six years prior to the opening of the college in 1906.) 

THE beginning of the history of Sweet 
Briar College is found in the history 
of the Fletcher family. Many pa- 
pers have been written covering the emi- 
gration of Robert Fletcher from England, 
his settling in Massachusetts, the removal 
of some of his descendants to Vermont, 
the struggle in those bleak regions for ex- 
istence, and along with the struggle for ex- 
istence the noble struggle for education 
which fits man to serve his generation. 
The records that we have of Elijah Flet- 
cher are numerous; they tell of his boy- 
hood and youth in Vermont and of his 
education, of his coming to Virginia, his 
marriage, his family and the education and 
care he gave his children, and of his build- 
ing up of land bought by piecemeal into 
Sweet Briar plantation — a noble estate to 
bequeath to his heirs. To those heirs also, 
according to the story of Miss Mary Mel- 
ton, an old friend of the family, he trans- 
mitted a faith in the value of education 
and a desire to aid in its extension by some 
day founding a school at Sweet Briar. 
Miss Melton wrote me that this idea was 
a subject of discussion in the family before 
the Civil War. When in 1884 "Miss Indy" 
lost her only child, the dominant intellect- 
ual interest of the Fletcher family asserted 
itself and she and her husband. Reverend 
John Henry Williams, turned their thoughts 
definitely to planning for a school on Sweet 
Briar plantation. In her will providing for 
"Sweet Briar Institute" Mrs. Williams 
says: "This bequest, devise and founda- 
tion are made in fulfillment of my own 
desire and of the especial request of my 
late husband, John Henry Williams, sol- 
emnly conveyed to me by his last will and 
testament, for the establishment of a per- 
petual memorial of our deceased daughter, 
Daisy Williams." 

The second chapter of the history of 
Sweet Briar College begins with the death 

of Mrs. Williams in 1900 and extends to 
the opening of the college in the fall of 
1906. The facts recorded are taken almost 
entirely from the records of the Board of 
Directors, but are supplemented by infor- 
mation given by Dr. John McBryde, Jr. 

By Mrs. Williams' will trustees were ap- 
pointed to take the first steps towards giv- 
ing form and substance to the institution 
for which she had been planning for years. 
The procedure she outlined was for the 
trustees "to incorporate in the state of Vir- 
ginia a corporation to be called Sweet 
Briar Institute, either under the general 
laws relating to the formation of corpora- 
tions or by a special charter to be obtained 
from the legislature of Virginia." The 
will further called for a Board of Seven 
Directors whom the trustees were to name 
and appoint. Upon the formation and or- 
ganization of the corporation the trustees 
were to convey to it the real estate and 
property described in the will. Where- 
upon the corporation was to establish with 
suitable dispatch a school or seminary to 
be known as Sweet Briar Institute. The 
general object and scope of the school was 
"to impart to its students such education 
in sound learning and such physical, 
moral, and religious training as shall best 
fit them to be useful members of society." 
Mrs. Williams directed that the personal 
property given by her be kept as an en- 
dowment fund, but the corporation was 
given authority to expend a part of the 
principal in erecting and equipping build- 
ings and in making improvements upon 
the plantation. She desired the school to 
be made self supporting, though she left 
it to the discretion of the trustees to estab- 
lish a limited number of scholarships for 
deserving students. The trustees appointed 
bv the will were the Right Reverend A. M. 
Randolph, D. D.. LL. D.. of Norfolk, Vir- 
ginia, Reverend J. M. Carson, of Lynch- 


Sweet Briar College 

burg, Virginia, Reverend Arthur P. Gray 
of Amherst, Virginia, and Mr. Stephen R. 
Harding of Amherst, Virginia. 

The first Board of Directors consisted 
of the four trustees with the addition of 
the Reverend Carl E. Crammer, LL. D., of 
Norfolk, Virginia. Dr. J. M. McBryde, Ph. 
D., LL. D., of Blacksburg, Virginia, and 
Judge Legh R. Watts, of Portsmouth, Vir- 
ginia. The trustees at their first meeting, 
unanimously accepted the trust imposed 
by the will. At their second meeting in 
March, 1901, "after due and careful con- 
sideration and in accordance with the thir- 
teenth clause of the will of the late Indiana 
Fletcher Williams," they appointed the 
first board of directors. 

The problems facing the directors were 
numerous and perplexing. They were left 
an estate valued at something under a mil- 
lion of dollars, $599,742.40, nearly half 
of which was landed property. With this 
property they were to establish an institu- 
tion at a remote spot in the country, for 
Sweet Briar plantation is about three miles 
from the small town of Amherst and twelve 
from Lynchburg. The country roads were 
well nigh impassable after heavy rains, in 
fact, a visitor to the college exclaimed after 
his first experience, "You call these roads, 
I call them obstacles to progress!" Yet 
hauling had to be done over them. The 
Southern railway passed less than a mile 
from Sweet Briar House, but there was no 
station available except at Amherst or 
Coolwell and the trains stopped only at 
those points. The plantation where build- 
ings now stand was covered with woods 
in 1900. There were on the grounds then 
only Sweet Briar House, Mr. Williams' 
office and some old cabins in which slaves 
had once lived. The only one of these 
cabins now standing is the office of the 
Alumnae Association. The material diffi- 
culties of filling ravines and levelling hills, 
of making roads and erecting buildings 
and of caring for workmen were serious, 
but before attacking these the trustees had 
first to secure from the legislature of Vir- 
ginia a charter for Sweet Briar Institute. 
This act was turned over to their legal 
advisers, Messrs. Blackford, Horsley. and 
Blackford. Strong opposition to granting 
the charter developed in the legislature on 
the score that Mrs. Williams was a tax- 
dodger, that she had improperly withheld 

property from taxation both by county 
and the state. Compromises were consid- 
ered wiser than litigation; so $30,000.00 
was paid to county and state to satisfy 
their claims. Another compromise was 
effected at about the same time with the 
heirs of Lucien Fletcher and others who 
were disputing the validity of Mrs. Wil- 
liams' will. This compromise was made 
as in the other case to avoid prolonged 
and expensive litigation. A payment of 
$25,000.00 to Lucien Fletcher's heirs re- 
moved the last obstacle to the granting of 
the charter. In February. 1901. Messrs. 
Blackford. Horsley and Blackford inform- 
ed the trustees that the charter was granted, 
giving them ample powers to carry out 
Mrs. Williams' wishes and aims as set forth 
in her will. 

With the question of the charter settled, 
and a few other preliminaries disposed of, 
the thoughts of the directors turned to the 
determination of the nature of the Sweet 
Briar Institute to be founded, as we see in 
the report of the first meeting of the Board 
of Directors in April, 1901. 

In this meeting, after prayer. Bishop 
Randolph was elected President of the 
Board of Directors and the Reverend 
Arthur P. Gray, Secretary. The President 
appointed Judge Watts and Dr. McBryde 
a committee to receive from Mr. Harding, 
Mrs. Williams' executor, the funds of the 
estate and to deposit them in a suitable 
safe deposit. He also appointed a second 
committee consisting of Mr. Carson and 
Dr. McBryde to select a suitable corporate 
seal, and a third committee of Bishop Ran- 
dolph. Dr. Crammer and Dr. McBryde to 
formulate a plan for the organization and 
work of Sweet Briar Institute. Dr. Mc- 
Bryde had evidently been prepared for the 
occasion for he presented suggestions for 
the future plan and scope of the Institute 
in a paper which was by common consent 
accepted as the embodiment of the general 
principles upon which the Board proposed 
to organize the Institute. The paper or- 
dered to be spread upon the minutes is as 

"Untrammelled by state or denomina 
tional control or by the testamentary direc- 
tions of a will and thus relieved of the 
necessity of bidding for popular favor 
through the employment of adventitious 
or temporary expedients it is the declared 

Allma'ae News 


wish and purpose of its Board of Directors 
to give such shape and scope to the Sweet 
Briar Institute as will make it a worthy 
monument to the liberality of its founder 
and the first among the establishments for 
female education in the State and the 
South. Believing it would be unwise for 
the new institution to enter upon fields of 
educational activity already fully occupied 
or to come into unnecessary competition 
with existing seminaries of learning it is 
our desire to have it take possession of a 
territory hitherto overlooked and neglected. 
In the North the demand for collegiate 
instruction for women, fully equal in char- 
acter and grade to that offered the men bv 
such institutions as Harvard, Princeton, 
Columbia and \ ale has resulted in the 
foundation of Vassar, Welleslev, Smith 
and Bryn jVIawr. In the West and the 
South, a demand for the better equipment 
of women for the practical vocations of 
life has led to the establishment of some 
excellent normal and industrial schools 
exclusively for girls. But nowhere, to our 
knowledge has the attempt been made har- 
moniously to combine in one institution 
the best features of these two classes of 
schools. Holding that such combination 
is neidier impossible nor impracticable but 
rather that industrial training can be made, 
if only a safe equilibrium be provided for, 
to supplement, strengthen and enrich the 
intellectual, it is our resolve that the Sweet 
Briar Institute shall attempt this new line 
of educational effort. Standing for a 
policy and work distinctly and peculiarly 
its own it will offer to the voung women 
of the South carefully formulated courses 
of study leading to degrees of high grade 
and proper adaptation to the needs and 
conditions of the female mind — some lit- 
erary and some scientific — and along with 
them, thoroughly practical training in cer- 
tain artistic and industrial branches of 
knowledge — the two lines of work so ar- 
ranged and co-ordinated that the choice of 
any one of the four year courses will carry 
with it the election of a .qriven number of 
the practical branches. These courses of 
necessity, few in number at first, will be 
added to as the growth and development 
of the institution may call for them and 
experience dictate their character and 
*cope. The specification and formulation 
of these courses must await the future ac- 

tion of the Board when it can have the 
assistance and advice of the president and 
faculty to be elected later on." 

Thus we see that as early as April, 1901, 
the Board of Directors had come to the 
decision that Sweet Briar Institute should 
be undenominational and should offer 
■'degrees of a high grade." With two such 
momentous questions determined, they now 
turned their attention to the very practical 
business of housing Sweet Briar Institute. 
I have already mentioned some of the ma- 
terial difficulties to be overcome in this 
work, difficulties the directors fully real- 
ized. To meet them promptly and ef- 
fectively they appointed an executive com- 
mittee consisting of Dr. McBryde, Mr. Car- 
son, and Judge Watts. 

A few weeks later Dr. McBryde was 
offered the post of President of Sweet 
Briar Institute. Pending his decision he 
was urgently requested to accept as Chair- 
man of the Executive Committee the posi- 
tion of superintendent of the plans, the 
material, and the equipment of the Insti- 
tute and to be the authoritative manager of 
all the property in the hands of the trus- 
tees. This post he accepted. Dr. Mc- 
Bryde, a reader of the New York Church- 
man, had been struck by articles in it on 
church architecture, written by Ralph 
Adams Cram. Prepossessed in Mr. Cram's 
favor, as soon as he was elected Chairman 
of the Executive Committee, he opened a 
correspondence with him, invited him to 
be his guest at Blacksburg and after talk- 
ing over plans with him. took him to Sweet 
Briar to study the situation. Mr. Cram 
gave it as his opinion that the buildings 
should be of colonial type, either yellow 
or red brick. Dr. McBryde urged that 
every effort be made to avoid the use of 
briffht red bricks which would make the 
buildings appear as red splotches on the 
landscape. Accordingly, he had a brick 
yard set up on the place and after the 
bricks had been burned had a row laid for 
Mr. Cram's inspection. They were not of 
the smooth-finished type but were rather 
rough with cracks in them, but Mr. Cram 
agreed they were just the thing and decided 
to use them. When the plans for the gen- 
eral arrangement of the campus with 
sketches of the Academic Building, the 
Refectory, and two dormitories arrived, 
they were submitted to the Board, admired 


Sweet Briar College 

and Dr. McBryde was instructed to con- 
tinue his negotiations with Messrs. Cram, 
Goodhue and Ferguson, and to ascertain 
the approximate cost of the construction 
of the buihlings. Mr. Cram's plans have 
been in the main carried out during the 
past twenty-five years. 

The water problem was a serious one 
for the Chairman of the Executive Com- 
mittee, but was finally solved. Dr. Mc- 
Bryde also saw to the construction of a 
dam across a little stream running through 
the place, thus forming a lake, one of the 
beauty spots of Sweet Briar. He also 
directed his attention to improving the 
grounds and laying out walks and roads 
so that when the school should open 
"there should be nothing of the new and 
raw to offend the senses, but every spot, 
every object should make its aesthetic ap- 
peal." This was done in the firm belief 
"that attractive surroundings and artistic 
buildings have a profound and lasting in- 
fluence on the hearts and minds of young 
girls just emerging into womanhood." 

About this time the college seal was 
designed by the son of the Chairman Dr. 
McBryde. Dr. McBryde says in his report 
to the trustees: "As the name of the State 
comes from the Virgin Queen I have con- 
cluded that a suitable seal for the school 
should show, by quartering, the arms or 
some emblem of the State, of the county, 
and of the family endowing the school. 
A Tudor Rose in the first and fourth quar- 
ters would indicate not only the State but 
the school — the eglantine or sweet briar 
belonging to the rose family. The county 
would be indicated by the arms of Lord 
Amherst from whom the county takes its 
name. The family arms (Fletcher) would 
occupy tlie second quarter, the Amherst 
arms the third. 

As indicative of the aim and policy of 
the school I think the following line from 
Wordsworth appropriate for our motto or 
legerd, "A perfect woman, nobly planned." 
He also submitted for consideration other 
mottoes. The one adopted by tlie college 
was the motto "Rosam quae meruit ferat." 

The appointment of Eppa Hunton, Jr., 
and of N. C. Manson, Jr., as commissioners 
was a very important step forward in the 
Sweet Briar history in as much as it 
brought to the aid of Sweet Briar an able 
and loval friend, Mr. N. C. Manson. whose 

efforts for the welfare of the college ended 
only with his life. 

In December, 1902, the death of Mr. 
Carson left a vacancy both in the Board 
of Directors and in the Executive Com- 
mittee. This vacancy was filled at the 
meeting of the Board in July, 1903, by the 
unanimous election of Mr. Manson to both 

At this same July meeting the Executive 
Committee was authorized to contract for 
buildings and improvements, provided the 
sum total did not exceed §116,810.00. 
This amount was to cover the construction 
of the Academic Building, the Refectory, 
two dormitories. 

In 1904. Sweet Briar Mansion was made 
the Administration Building; the two draw- 
ing rooms were set aside to be kept as they 
were as a memorial to the Williams' family. 
The bed rooms were reserved for the use of 
members of the Board and invited guests 
and the remaining rooms for library and 
office. It was also decided to remodel St. 
Angelo as the Executive Mansion. The 
Chairman of the Executive Committee re- 
ported this time that the difficulties of 
transportation and the lack of foresight 
on the part of the contractor and the inter- 
ference caused by strikes had greatly in- 
terfered with work on the buildings; still 
two dormitories were near completion, the 
refectory was ready for the roof, and the 
brick work of the Academic Building was 
approaching the second floor. He also re- 
ported that the site of the siding was at 
last determined and that three local trains 
northward bound and two southward bound 
now stopped at that point — a very great 
convenience. The report ranged over all 
of the requirements that could enter into 
a well-kept farm, a luxurious hotel, and a 
properly equipped college. The Chairman 
also showed a thoroush comprehension of 
the girls' minds: "The girls must have 
some place at which convenientlv to spend 
their pocket money. The grounds around 
must be laid out tastefully and be well- 
kept. Wlien the lake is finished a neat 
little boat house should be built and boats 

The St. Louis Exposition offered an op- 
portunity for the announcement of Sweet 
Briar Institute to a large public. Dr. Mc- 
Bryde seized the opportunity, engaged floor 
space, and sent on the drawings of the 

Alumnae News 


architects and photographs of the grounds. 
In August, 1904, a special committee was 
appointed consisting of Bishop Randolph, 
Dr. Grammer and Dr. McBryde, to consider 
the whole matter of the policy and cur- 
riculum of Sweet Briar Institute. The re- 
port of this committee in April, 1905, was 
adopted. It was as follows: 

1. The requirements of admission are 
to be those in force in the North East 
Association of Colleges and Preparatory 
Schools and in the Middle States Associa- 
tion of Colleges and Preparatory Schools. 

2. The various courses of study lead- 
ing to degrees shall be offered to students 
along different lines of study, to be pro- 
vided and multiplied in accordance with 
the growing demands of the Institution. 
At the opening it will be best in the judg- 
ment of the committee to offer courses in 
literature, classical or general, in science, 
and of a more or less predominantly ar- 
tistic character. In the formulation of 
such courses the committee recoimnends 
that certain essentials of liberal culture be 
prescribed in each course. 

3. The standard for graduation will be 
of the elevated character indicated by the 
requirements for admission and on the 
same plan with the standards of other col- 
leges requiring the same conditions of en- 

4. For the present the only degrees 
bestowed shall be the recognized degrees 
B.A. or B.S., for general culture either 
literary or scientific. 

5. In view of the prevailing educational 
conditions and of the necessity for a longer 
period of publication to make the condi- 
tions of entrance generally known the com- 
mittee advises special temporary arrange- 
ments by the formation of a sub-freshman 
class for students who can within a year 
meet the requirements for matriculation as 
set forth in the first section of the report. 

6. Provision shall also be made for 
special students who do not propose to 
matriculate or take degrees but who give 
promise of making a good use of the ad- 
vantages of the Institution. The admission 
of such students shall be carefully guarded. 

The charge for each student for board, 
room, tuition, heat, light, laundry, infirm- 
ary fee, and matriculation was set at five 
himdred dollars. 

Having inspected the work and buildings 
at Sweet Briar the Board resolved that it 
would be inexpedient to open the school 
before the fall of 1906. The necessity for 
this delay in the opening of the college is 
made clear in the report of the Executive 
Committee on April 29, 1905, which enum- 
erates as follows the things that must be 
done before students can be received at 
Sweet Briar. 

The dormitories must be plumbed, 
heated, lighted, and furnished. The Aca- 
demic Building also must be plumbed, 
heated, and lighted, and its twelve lecture 
rooms equipped with the necessary plat- 
forms, desks, seats, and blackboards, etc. 

The Refectory, in addition to heat, light, 
and water must be supplied with machin- 
ery, ranges, elevators, steam boilers, crock- 
ery, cutlery, linen, tables, chairs, etc. 

The Apartment House, four professors' 
houses and the president's house must be 
completed. Each will need its separate 
heating plant and lines of wires; water 
pipes must be carried to them. Ihe pa- 
vilion and terrace walks and steps are still 
to be finished and a large amount of grad- 
ing around the four buildings must be com- 
pleted to add to their attractiveness. 

The laundry must be supplied with the 
necessary machinery; so must the cold 
storage plant. 

Sweet Briar House must be repaired, a 
part of it fitted up as offices and a part as 
an infirmary. For the latter the best mod- 
ern hospital furniture must be secured. 

A fire-proof vault must be put in. The 
road must be macadamized. An avenue 
must be made in front of the professors' 
houses and connected by a good driveway 
with the main buildings. 

Dr. McBryde's health began to fail in 
1905 and he was forced to go to Jamaica 
for a rest. In his absence Mr. Manson 
became Chairman of the Executive Com- 
mittee. Then early in 1906 the Board of 
Directors learned that Dr. McBryde had 
yielded to the pressure brought to bear on 
him and had decided to remain at Blacks- 
burg. This necessitated a search for a new 
president — a search which terminated hap- 
pily in the appointment on May 22, 1906, 
of Dr. Mary K. Benedict, as the first presi- 
dent of Sweet Briar College. 

(Turn to Page 35) 


Sweet Briar College 

An Economist's View of the Present Depression 

By Ernest L. Bogart 
President of the Americ an Economic Association 

(Reprinted from ■'Forerunners of the Present Depression," by Ernest L. Bcgart, with the per- 
mission of the University of Chicago Press. Originally presented October 17. 1931. over a nation- 
wide network of the National Broadcasting Company in a series of lectures on ""Aspects of the 
Depression,"' sponsored by the National Advisory Council on Radio in Education. I 

(Editor's Note — Ernest L. Bogart, president of the American Economic Association, an au- 
thority on economic history and international finance, is professor of economics and head of the 
department at the University of Illinois, where he has been for the last 23 years. A native of New 
York State, he is an alumnus of Princeton and of the University of Halle, and. in addition to his 
teaching at the University of Illinois, has been on the faculties of Princeton, Oherlin. and Indiana.! 

THE other day an acquaintance 
stopped me on the street and asked 
if I thought that we would never 
recover from the present depression but 
would have to adjust ourselves permanent- 
ly to conditions of lowered production and 
of chronic unemployment. A banker said 
to me recently that the present crisis is the 
worst in our history and prophesied that 
it would probablv take thirtv vears to re- 
store prosperity. It may be, as our richest 
citizen has asserted that "history is bunk," 
but a slight knowledge of our own eco- 
nomic development would have saved these 
gentlemen from much foolish talk. In- 
deed, one can derive a great deal of com- 
fort from a study of the past, for the 
United States in the last hundred years 
has experienced some fifteen well-marked 
crises, from each of which the country has 
emerged, after a period of depression vary- 
ing from a few months to five vears. strong- 
er and more prosperous than ever. \^ bile 
historv never absolutely repeats itself, even 
a brief survey of some of the more impor- 
tant crises of the past will throw needed 
light upon our present plight. For this 
purpose I shall select those of 1837, 1873, 
and 1893, since these were the most serious 
and were followed by the longest depres- 

Within the last 20 years the term "busi- 
ness cycle ' has come into general use to 
describe these recurrent circles of good 
times, speculation, and depression, and it 
is to this cycle that I wish to direct your 
attention. In every case we have gone 
ahead too fast in the investment of capital 
i-i fixed forms, far in advance of the im- 
mediate needs of the country, and then 
have beei compelled to pause and catch 
our breath. 

The crisis of 1837 was preceded bv the 
construction on a large scale of internal 
improvements in the form of turnpikes, 
steamboats, canals, and banks, which were 
designed to connect the vast region between 
the Appalachian Mountains and the Atlan- 
tic seaboard, to open up new markets both 
for the western farmer and for the eastern 
manufacturer, and to provide credit facili- 
ties for larger domestic trade. Difficult as 
it is for us to realize today, the opening of 
the Erie Canal was more immediately revo- 
lutionary than were the later railroad or 
automobile developments. Its effect on 
domestic commerce w"as phenomenal. 
Freight rates between New \ ork and Buf- 
falo were cut to one-tenth the former figure 
and the time for the trip was shortened 
from twenty to eight days. 

A stream of settlers and freight began to 
move into the Ohio \ alley, and a return 
movement of western produce flowed to the 
Atlantic coast cities. The South, too, pros- 
pered: she bought food and other supplies 
from the western farmers, and manufac- 
tures from eastern merchants, to whom she 
sold her expanding cotton production. All 
sections of the country shared in the new 
prosperity which was introduced by" the 
revolutionary changes in transportation. 
It seemed as if the key to unbounded wealth 
had been found. 

The response of the people was imme- 
diate and unmistakable. With one accord 
they" gave themselves to speculation. It 
was a period of lapid change, of great 
economic development, and of unbounded 
optimism. A network of canals. 4.500 
miles in all. was built — far more than the 
traffic could support. Steamboats multi- 
plied in number on the Mississippi Riyer 
and the Great Lakes, and throughout the 

Alumnae Aews 

West and South hundreds of private and 
state banks were chartered to provide the 
credit facilities for the expected expansion. 
\\ ithin a decade perliaps half a billion dol- 
lars had been invested in internal improve- 
ments, much of which was borrowed from 
Europe. The inflation of the currency 
caused higher prices, and the "new era" 
of good times ivas hailed as permanent. 

In 1837 this period of expansion and 
speculation came to an end. The prema- 
ture investments could not earn their in- 
terest charges. Depression in England cur- 
tailed the foreign demand for cotton, and 
in March several of the greatest cotton 
factories in New Orleans failed. Cotton 
fell from twenty cents a pound to ten. In 
New York 130 firms had failed by the 
middle of April. In May every bank in 
the United States suspended specie pay- 
ments. Over six hundred banks failed, the 
discredited bank notes depreciated in value, 
and prices shrank to a hard-money level. 
\^lien foreign investors asked for the re- 
payment of their loans, some of the states 
repudiated their bonds and others delayed 
their interest pavments. Several of the 
western states declared a moratorium on 
private debts. The government revenues 
fell off and Congress, called in extra ses- 
sion, voted SIO.000.000 in Treasury notes 
to meet the ernergencv. 

The crisis of 1837 was followed by a 
prolonged depression. Factories and work- 
shops, organized on a boom basis, closed 
when the demand fell off. Thousands of 
operatives were discharged, and the cities 
were filled with the unemployed. Poor- 
houses evervwhere were crowded. Several 
commission houses were broken into bv the 
unemployed, and the food riots were ended 
only by the promise of the merchants to 
give flour to the poor. It was estimated 
that nine-tenths of all the eastern factories 
were closed, while the reduction in the 
number of clerks in mercantile establish- 
ments and banks still further swelled the 
group of the unemployed. 

This crisis of 1837 was one of the most 
severe and far-reaching in our history, and 
tiie depression did not come to an end until 
1E42. By that time, however, the effects of 
the earlier excesses had been overcome, 
weak institutions had been weeded out. and 
the necessary readjustments to new condi- 
tions of transportation and trade effected. 

L pon the firm foundation thus laid the 
natural buovancv of the people soon built 
up a more enduring structure of prosperity 
than any the country had yet seen. So 
great was the economic development that 
the fifteen-year period after 1842 has usu- 
ally been referred to as the "golden age" 
of our history. 

The crisis of 1837 was the result of a too 
rapid and too uneven expansion. This time 
there was an over-investment in farms and 
railroads. The Homestead Act, which gave 
to each settler a free farm of 160 acres, 
proved an irresistible attraction and dre\f 
thousands of farmers onto the western 
plains. These pioneers, anxious to im- 
prove their new farms, borrowed from 
eastern capitalists, mortgaging their lands 
to them. But many of them borrowed for 
equipment and improvement more than 
their farms could earn, and they frequently 
defaulted on interest and principal. For 
years "a Kansas mortgage" was a s)Tionym 
for an unprofitable investment. 

Even larger amounts of capital were in- 
vested in railroads, which were often built 
in advance of traffic and beyond the frontier 
of settlement. Between 1865 and 1873 the 
railway mileage was doubled. It is difficult 
today to understand how the builders could 
have hoped that these railways w-ould de- 
velop traffic or earn expenses. 

In the cities, factories, docks, and build- 
ings were being constructed on an unpre- 
cedented scale. There was in all these w^ays 
an enormous absorption of circulating cap- 
ital in fixed forms, many of which were not 
immediately remunerative. The equipment 
for future production along certain lines 
was increasing at a more rapid rate than 
the demand. It has been estimated that in 
the eight years preceding 1873 the capital 
invested in the tnited States was equal to 
the cost of the Civil War. 

Xot only was much of this expansion un- 
wise and premature, but it was unfortunate- 
ly attended bv fraudulent practices. These 
were the days of Erie and Credit Mobilier, 
of the "salary grab" law by Congress, of 
whiskey frauds, of the infamous Tweed 
ring, and of other scandals. It was a 
period of unbridled individualism and of 
great opportunity, in which speculative ex- 
cesses were restrained neither by an in- 
formed public opinion nor by a high busi- 
ness morality. \^ aste and extravagance, 


Sweet Brl\r College 

stimulated by an inflated currency, were 
seen on every hand. Conservatism in busi- 
ness and economy in private expenditure 
were disregarded in favor of so-called pro- 
gressive methods. It was at this time that 
the phrase "frenzied finance" was added to 
the American vocabulary. 

In September, 1873, the bubble of specu- 
lative enterprise and inflated credit burst, 
and a severe crisis occurred. The imme- 
diate occasion of the crash was the failure 
of the banking house of Jay Cooke and 
Companv, which was heavilv involved in 
the financmg of the Northern Pacific Rail- 
road, but an end must soon have come to 
the speculative expansion in any case. The 
news of the failure precipitated a panic in 
Wall Street. Securities were dumped on 
the market in large amounts and sold for 
what they would bring. Prices fell disas- 
trously and many brokerage houses and 
banks failed. The Stock Exchange closed 
for ten days. A run on the banks started 
and the eastern banks suspended specie 
pa)Tnents for forty days. Commoditii' 
prices fell, but buying power fell faster. 
In the single year 187.3 over five thousand 
failures occurred \\-ith liabilities of S250.- 
000,000. Factories, furnaces, and mills 
shut doiNTi, railroad building stopped, busi- 
ness houses were closed, and three million 
men were thrown out of work. A depres- 
sion ensued which lasted for half a decade. 

The ine\-itable period of liquidation and 
readjustment was severe and protracted. 
By the end of 1875 railroads had defaulted 
on S750.000.000 worth of bonds. A cut of 
10 per cent in railway wages in 1877 was 
followed bv strikes, riotous outbreaks, and 
the destruction of property. It was esti- 
mated in October of that year that in the 
previous twenty months there had been a 
shrmkage of 25 per cent in the capital 
employed in mercantile business. 

By 1878. however, the depression had 
run its course, the necessarv liquidation 
had been completed, and the country had 
entered upon a new period of prosperity'. 
The great investment in railroads and other 
property improvements, premature thoueh 
they were, had furnished the country -with 
excellent transportation facilities and in- 
dustrial plants, and these now contributed 
to the production of new wealth. After 
1879 the standard of living w'as raised, 
without straining the resources of the coun- 

try, to levels which would have been re- 
garded as extravagant and wasteful in 1873. 

In describing the crisis of 1893 it is 
scarcely necessary to recoimt the now fa- 
miliar cycle of good times, overexpansion, 
panic, and depression. I may, however, 
mention one or two factors not hitherto 
emphasized. The first of these was the 
great overproduction of farm products, 
especially of wheat, and the consequent 
fall in prices. The rapid settlement of 
the public domain and tlie mtroduction of 
improved farm machinery resulted in the 
production of crops beyond the capacity 
of the domestic market to absorb, and 
whose export glutted the world-markets. 
Corn was so cheap that it was burned for 
fuel in many places, and wheat was left 
unharvested or fed to the stock. The agri- 
cultural overproduction and consequent 
depression adversely aff^ected the railroads, 
banks, manufactures, and business in gen- 

A second feature making for maladjust- 
ment was the rapid exploitation of our 
mineral resources and the development of 
our great iron and steel industries. It was 
during this period that Jay Gould discov- 
ered that pig-iron production was the ba- 
rometer of trade, but the fluctuations of 
the barometer unhappily introduced new^ 
elements of industrial instability". 

Still a third factor was the currency dis- 
turbances, brought about by the eff^orts of 
Congress to force unneeded amounts of 
silver upon the country, and resulting in 
inflation, export of gold, and distrust. 

The development before 1893 had been 
uneven and extreme, and the panic of that 
vear had long been brewing. It was at- 
tended bv banking and commercial fail- 
ures, railroad bankruptcies, falling prices, 
reduced earnings, wage cuts, unemploy- 
ment, strikes, distress, and unrest. A de- 
pression followed which continued until 
1896. after which a revival of prosperity 
occurred which carried the nation to the 
highest standards of living yet enjoyed. 

What shall we say of the crisis of 1929 
and the subsequent depression? We are 
now in the trough and experiencing the 
pains of liquidation and readjustment but 
no one familiar with past panics can doubt 
that the cycle will again run its course and 
that we shall once more enjoy a greater 
prosperity. Tliis is the lesson of history. 

Alumnae >."ews 


" The Flapper, 1796 " 

Dr. Doil\ N'eill Raymond 

(Editor's Note — Mr=. Raymond is Professor of Histor>- at Sweet Briar College. She has writ- 
ten the folloiN"ing books: British Policy and Opinion During the Franco-Prussian War; The Political 
Career of Lord Byron. Olivers Secretary, John Milton, in an Era oj Revolt is to be published in 
October. I 

WHO would expect to find a flapper 
hidden in the sub basement of the 
\^idener'? At least, who would 
expect to find the creature in that Library 
late in August when Harvard is not in 
session and even those errant and some- 
what battered knights attendant on the 
Summer School have taken tlieir depart- 
ure? I had descended into this dusty 
deep to search out a Fraser's Magazine of 
some seventh-five years ago that had in it 
letters purporting to have been tsTitten by 
Mihon to Louis XI\ , Moliere and \ oiture, 
— letters which in their day had befooled 
the august permanent secretary of the 
French Academy- of Science. Leaning 
confidingly against the hoary Fraser's, 
dust\- but still brave in gold and brown 
and blue. I spied "The Flapper." 

Truth to tell, she proved more ancient 
than her escort, — had passed the century 
mark and thirty years besides. The child 
of an Irish baron, a gentle father, goutv 
and philosophic, successor to the traditions 
of stately Addison and blithe Dick Steele, 
this first news essay of Dublin had flour- 
ished for a year and a day. Then, piquant 
and impudent, it had preferred to flit away 
to nothingness rather than take on the 
sober tone deemed appropriate in 1796 
when Ireland was threatened with invasion. 

As motto it bore a quotation from Gul- 
liver's Voyage to Laputa, "They forgot 
several times what thev were about, till 
their memories were again roused by their 
Flappers," a statement time has not yet 
succeeded in outmoding. For flappers, 
whether for the purpose of invidious com- 
parison or simply to occasion regret, are 
still the perpetual reminders of youth to 
age. In the flying island called Laputa. 
Captain Lemuel Gulliver had found that 
many persons were in the habit of going 
about their work attended by "flappers." 
whose sole dutv it was to wagele bladders. 

mounted on short sticks, blown full and 
holding dancing pebbles and dried peas. 
By the noisy flips and flops of the blad- 
ders, the philosophers of that island were 
shocked into a realization of their corporal 
existence. He who was about to speak was 
gently smitten on the mouth that his utter- 
ance might be sharp and to the point and 
not maunder oS' into the rubbish of specu- 
lation. He who was about to be addressed 
received a soft flap on the ears that he 
might the more wakefullv attend to what 
was said. When the philosopher walked, 
his flapper skipped at his side, ever ready 
to prevent an absent-minded collision or 
some rapt descent into an abyss. 

But the office of the flappers of Laputa 
was delegated always to the youths of the 
male gender. And the Irish flapper of 
1796 claims that in antiquity, too, this was 
more often the case. Darius had for a 
flapper a young man that kept him ap- 
praised of his inglorious condition by cry- 
ing each day before the banquetting board, 
"Remember the Athenians and Eritreans." 
Philip of Macedon kept such a one con- 
stantly to remind him of his mortality. 

\ et the feminine variety serves just as 
well. The great ones of the earth are made 
conscious every day that they are but as 
other men. Perhaps it came about that 
the feminine flapper grew to be a creature 
too rare and extravagant to be maintained 
by the generalitv" of mortals, for the first 
of the species most certainly was not mas- 
culine. She was a goddess. 

"A Flapper." says the quaint old news 
letter from Dublin, "must have been an 
officer of much importance, being some- 
thing in the nature of an Ambassador be- 
tueen the speaker and the House, and a 
tutelarv deitv or guardian angel to each 
individual. Homer has assigned no less 
illustrious a personage as flapper to his 


Sweet Briar College 

principal heroes than the Goddess of Wis- 
dom herself." 

Angels and Ministers of Grace, how 
times have changed! And yet I seem to 
remember the plaintive reproof of a Sweet 
Briar Senior. 

"If they'd only wake up and understand 
us, I'm sure they'd see that we serve as 
messengers from the future to the past." 

But whether wisely or unwisely, the 
Dublin Flapper of 1796 is certainly not 
in agreement with Miss 1932. He laments 
the passing of small waists and begs that 
whale-boned bodices be resumed. He is 
alarmed at the extreme decolletage to be 
observed — lingeringly observed, at the routs 
in Dublin. He publishes a mock adver- 
tisement of a shipment of dresses imported 
from the South Sea Island of Otaheite, 
which he avers will afford greater protec- 
tion than the frocks of the mode then cur- 
rent. He has been very much moved at 
the sad plight of those who had not the 
cloth to cover themselves withal and has 
with difficulty refrained from sheltering 
fair bosoms with his handkerchief "or 
even spreading his expanded hands over 
such as from their youth must be more 
sensible to the impression of the air." 

He is perturbed also at that lack of 
maiden bashfulness made manifest by the 
sight of young ladies clad in coachmen's 
surtouts and speeding about in curricles 
and phaetons, aggrieved by their abundant 
use of rouge, by their oaths and their easy 
familiarity with the opposite sex. At Mrs. 
Mouldy's rout, he had heard a young miss 
excuse herself from dancing on the plea 
that she was fatigued to death from driv- 
ing her restive ponies all that morning. 
"She swore a tremendous oath she would 
discharge her groom as he was the most 
drunken dog in the universe." The dances 
that were called were "Drops of Brandy," 
"Moll in the Wad," "Jenny bang'd the 
Weaver," "Go to the Devil and Shake 
Yourself," — very shocking he thought them. 
From the "Familiar buckish salutation 
with which the ladies recognize their male 
acquaintances" to their manner of partina;, 
he finds little in their behavior that is 
commendable. Social life seems to him a 
blasphemous masquerade "in which some 
young bucks have assumed female dress 
and are amusing themselves with the whim 
of retainins; their own manners." One 

marvels that so much could have been ac- 
complished, before the introduction of the 
boyish bob! The dolorous Dublin flapper 
retires to his books for consolation and is 
further alarmed by learning from Juvenal 
that "in the last stages of the Roman Gov- 
ernment when every public and private 
principle had degenerated, women of fash- 
ion were complete bucks." Evidently the 
country was on its way to ruin. 

Nor can the flapper of 1796 think society 
will be preserved by the more mature wo- 
men of Ireland. Too often age has only 
made them slatterns, tiresome blue stock- 
ings, devotees of the card table, scandal 
mongers or unlovely intrigants. One of 
these last proposes to him the promotion, 
through his news sheet, of the "Loyal Yeo- 
m_en Charioteers for the Defence of Ire- 
land." They are to be armed with bows 
and arrows and, for greater havoc, they 
are to affix sharp scythes to the axle-trees 
of their curricles. Most deadly of all are 
to be their uniforms. The aspiring Ama- 
zon who broaches the subject to the flapper 
urges that he come up the back stairs, 
walking softly past her husband's door, 
and judge the effect for himself in her 
dressing room. 

Years alone cannot be trusted to bring 
discretion and maturity, declares the sage 
of Dublin. How many strange results 
would take place should a new measure of 
time be established by which the existence 
of each woman should be declared com- 
mensurate in length with the train of ideas 
that had passed in her mind. "Little Miss 
of Ninety-Five." thinks the flapper, "would 
perhaps be sent to the nursery by her staid 
neice of thirteen for scolding at cards and 
Manama might be obliged to solicit her 
daughter to chaperone her at the drawing 

"Well, my dear," says Bright Cheeks of 
1932 to her chum, "Guess who was out at 
the Blue Horse last night! My Mother! 
She came in with that good looking friend 
of Dad's from Denver. I watched them 
dance around once or twice, sort of moony, 
and then I just sailed in and took her 
home. She looked so shy and fragile in 
that jam and din. I said, 'Don't you think 
we'd all better be running along now. 
Dearest? Jimmie wants to take us all back 

(Turn to Page 35) 

Alumnae News 




Sweet Briar College 

The French University and the American 


By Edith Railey, '32 

(Editor's Note: Miss Raiiey's own success in lier Junior year in France in 1930-1931, and the 
records of the four Sweet Bijar students, who have spent the cuiTent year in study there, must be 
noted as offering contradictoiy evidence to the pessimism of the following article.) 

French universities have always been 
glad to welcome foreign students and there 
are perhaps more students of various na- 
tionalities enrolled in these universities 
than in any other country in the world. 
Even in the middle ages the University of 
Paris boasted of being, not a French, but 
a European university. Any student, of 
any race is allowed to attend courses there. 
And there are no requirements for entrance, 
except the payment of the nominal fee of 
two hundred and fifty francs. The French 
are not only willing to admit foreigners to 
their universities but they are very eager to 
send their own students to other countries, 
and they even demand that their profes- 
sors of modern languages spend several 
years abroad. The plan is one of exchange, 
a plan based on experience and tradition 
and in general it may be said to have 
worked well. English students seem to 
find little difficulty in passing a semester 
at Nancy and a surprising number of 
French students go each year to Manches- 
ter or some other English university. 

The case of the American student is very 
different. Until only recently, most of the 
Americans studying in Paris already had 
a degree from an American college and 
came to France to do research work of 
a very specialized order. They were, there- 
fore, not enrolled as regular students. 
Now, however, with the organization of 
the Smith and Delaware groups, each year 
a larger number of undergraduate students 
go to take their junior year abroad. Why 
their junior year? Because the American 
college student is supposed to have had 
by his third year nearly as much prepara- 
tion as the French student when he first 
enters the university. Anyone who com- 
pares the French and American systems of 
education will see how profound the dif- 
ferences are and will realize that the aver- 

age American student is poorly prepared 
for work in a French university. 

In the first place, primary and secondary 
education in France is not prolonged al- 
most indefinitely as it is in the United 
States. The French child usually begins 
the study of Latin and of modern lan- 
guages at the age of eleven, the American 
child almost never does so before he is 
fourteen. The French "college," which is 
said to correspond to our grammar school, 
is actually more like our high school. The 
French child goes to school at eight in the 
morning and rarely returns before five in 
the afternoon. He learns not only a great 
many facts of which American children of 
the same age are totally ignorant, but he 
learns how to study, how to organize his 
work, and how to write a well "composed" 
theme. And in the same way the Ivctie 
or high school is a sort of combination of 
our high school and college. We see from 
this that the American student, in relation 
to his work, is much older than the French 
and cannot expect to do the same work as 
a French student of his own age. 

Any comparison between French and 
American degree is almost impossible. 
The French degrees, bachelier es lettres 
and leciencie e lettres represent an abso- 
lute value, since education in France is so 
standardized that it may be said to be the 
same in all the universities. All students 
must pass the same examinations, whether 
they come from Grenoble, Nancy, or the 
University of Paris. The American de- 
grees A. B. and A. M. only have a relative 
meaning: a student mav be more or less 
well prepared according to the college that 
gives him his degree. And French degrees 
are given on a purely competitive basis, 
out of all the students who present them- 
selves for the examinations, only a very 
small r umber of the hiahest are chosen 

Alumnae News 


from each university. Fortunately there is 
no limit to the number of times a person 
may try and many students do not succeed 
until their seventh or eighth attempt. But 
at any rate by that time they must know 
their subject thoroughly and are not re- 
ceiving a diploma just as a certificate of 
attendance for four years. 

However, it is in the general spirit that 
French education differs even more greatly 
from ours. There is much talk in France 
about general culture but the tendency of 
French higher education is toward an even 
narrower specialization than in our own 
country. Perhaps this situation results 
from the fact that the French student is 
supposed to have, and does actually have, 
much more "general culture" when he 
reaches the university than the American 
boy or girl. At the university he studies 
one field only, at one Faculte. It is easy 
to see that the American student who has 
a smattering of modern languages, a little 
history, less philosophy and some litera- 
ture, cannot go into one of these Facultes. 
He is little able to make a detailed study 
and give a literary criticism of a text, he 
is often unaccustomed to doing any indi- 
vidual work that is not strictly supervised 
and so is completely baffled by the work 
required of French students. 

In order to meet the needs of the ever 
increasing number of foreign undergrad- 
uates who want to study in France, the 
University of Paris, and several other 
French universities are offering special 
courses. At the Sorbonne these courses 
are grouped under the name of Cours de 
Civilisation. Lectures on literature, art, 
history, philosophy and economics are 
given by professors of the University of 


Paris. It has been found impracticable 
to offer courses in science. At the end of 
the term diplomas are given to students 
who pass written and oral examinations in 
any four subjects, the passing mark being 
ten out of a possible twenty. 

This plan has proved very successful and 
it is certainly die only one under which 
American students can attend French uni- 
versities with any profit as long as the two 
systems of education remain what they are. 
Even in the Cours de Civilisation, the 
American student finds tire courses far 
more difficult than any work he has done 
in America, and often he painfuUv realizes 
the inadequacy of the preparation received 
in American schools. 

Sweet Briar Plates — Tea Cups Too! 


The Sweet Briar Plates, fashioned in dinnei- 
ware size by the Royal Cauldon Works in 
England, are still available. The Gadroon 
shape with its natural floral border frames 
the subtle charm of Sweet Briar House. 


Per Dozen 

Carriage Prepaid 

Now you match your Sweet Briar Plates 
with Tea Cups and other shapes in several 
colors, and patterned with the Sweet Briar 
Border design — without the center. 

Tea Cups and Saucers . 
Tea Plates .... 
Bread and Butter Plates 

$10.00 per dozen. Sugar Bowl . $3.00 each 
9.00 " " Cream Pitcher, 2.00 " 
7.00 " " Teapot, (6-cup), 3.50 " 
Express Extra on these Items 

Make, checks payable and address orders to 

SWEET BRIAR PLATES, care Alumnae Secretary 





Alumnae News 


The Alumnae Class, May Day Horse Show. Reading from left to 
right: Natalie Roberts, '31, Jeanette Boone, '27, Peronne Whittaker, '31, 
Jean Saunders, '30, Margaret Laidley, '26, Agnes Sproul, '30, Elizabeth 
Stevenson, '30, and Helen Miller, '29. 

The Sweet Briar Horse Show 

The fifth annual Sweet Briar horse show 
was held on the morning of May 6, at the 
riding ring. Mrs. Fay H. Ingalls, and Mr. 
Cecil Tuke, of the Homestead, Hot Springs, 
Virginia, officiated as judges; Mr. Herman 
Wells, of Lynchburg, was the ring mana- 

Of more than passing interest to all 
alumnae was Class VI, which was the class 
for Alumnae. This class was judged en- 
tirely on horsemanship and was won by 

Peronne Whittaker, '31. This is the first 
time that the alumnae have had a special 
class and it was interesting that eight grad- 
uates found it possible to enter under the 
able chairmanship of Natalie Roberts, '31. 
Agnes Sproul, '30, won second place, 
Elizabeth Stevenson, '30, third place, and 
Natalie Roberts, '31. fourth place. Miss 
Lee Maher presented the winner of this 
class with a beautiful riding crop. 

Sweet Briar College 


Sweet Briar Glee Club Wins First Place 

in Contest 

The Sweet Briar Glee Club was awarded 
first place in the choral club contest held 
at the John Marshall Hotel Auditorium, 
Friday morning, April 19, from a group 
of eight women's college choral clubs 
which entered the Virginia State Choral 
festival at Richmond. 

The contest pieces were Devotion, by 
Richard Strauss, In These Delightful, 
Pleasant Groves, by Henry Purcell, and 
Pirate Dreams, by Charles Huerter. The 
second piece was sung unaccompanied. 

The contestants were judged on general 
appearance, interpretation, tone, diction, 
attack, release, and other musical quali- 

Forty-three girls from the Sweet Briar 
Glee Club, directed by Mr. Alfred A. 
Finch, head of the music department, en- 
tered the contest. Other clubs participat- 
ing were: Westhampton, Averett, Mary 
Baldwin (the contest winners in 1931), 
Harrisonburg, Fredericksburg, Radford, 
and Stuart Hall. 

After the contest the winning glee clubs 
were entertained at a luncheon. In the 
afternoon all contestants were invited to 
a garden party held at Westhampton. 

While in Richmond the members of the 
Glee Club were house guests of many of 
the members of the Richmond Alumnae 

Alumnae News 


Campus News 

On May 21 Sweet Briar College held the 
tenth anniversary of Amherst County Day. 
About 1,500 of the county school children, 
teachers, and parents were on the campus 
for a day of varied entertainment. This 
neighborly day has become one of the most 
important annual events in the college cal- 

Among the applicants for entrance to 
Sweet Briar in 1932 considered by the 
Committee on Admissions are twenty who 
are related to present or former Sweet 
Briar students. They are seventeen sisters, 
one cousin, one niece, and one Sweet Briar 

Applicants represent interesting prepa- 
ration in foreign countries. One applicant 
has attended Pensionnat Le Manoir, Cham- 
blandes, Lausanne, Switzerland, for the 
past four years; another has attended the 
Shanghai-American School, Shanghai, Chi- 
na, for four years. 

One girl presents credits from the Lycee 
Francais de Varsovie, Warsaw, Poland, 
and from the American Mission School, 
Teheran, Persia. Another has attended the 
Punahou School, Honolulu, Hawaii: while 
an Italian student, whose parents live in 
Florence, Italy, is securing all of her pre- 
paration in a school in the United States. 

The Sweet Briar A'eM,\s has maintained 
its first class honor rating among college 
papers, according to the National Scholas- 
tic Press Association system of rating. The 
News won 775 out of a possible thousand 
points. The rank accorded it corresponds 
to a B grade, and is the same rank given 
the paper last year, when it won 770 

College papers are graded on four 
counts: news values and sources, news 
writing and editing, editorials and enter- 
taining matter, and headlines, typography, 
and makeup. 

The News was especially commended on 
printing items of the most value to its 
readers, and on careful selection of news 
content. It was further commended on 
variety of writing. 

The alumnae office is still in need of the 
following Briar Patches to complete the 
file: 1915, 1916, 1923, 1925, 1929. 

Erratum — Miss Mary Pearl is Instructor 
in Greek and Latin instead of Modern Lan- 
guages as printed in the March Alumnae 

Laurose Schulze-Berge, '35, has received 
the award for the best short story sub- 
mitted in the Writers' Contest held by the 
Columbia Scholastic Press Association. 
The story that won the award was "Bleak 

Jean Besselievre, '35, appointed by Dean 
Emily H. Dutton as Sweet Briar's repre- 
sentative to the World Affairs Institute 
held in New York City, March 23, has the 
distinction of being the first student repre- 
sentative from any educational institution 
to attend such a meeting. 

The Institute, sponsored by seven wo- 
men's organizations of New York City, was 
held in the American Woman's Association 
club-house in two sessions, afternoon and 
evening. More than 2,000 people attended 
the meetings. Among the delegates were 
Miss Anne Morgan, representing A. W. A. ; 
Miss Margaret Webster, Y. W. C. A.: Mrs. 
Earl Hadley, Women's Liniversity Club; 
Mrs. James Hollingsworth, League of Wo- 
men Voters; and Mrs. Valentine Chandor, 
A. A. U. W. 

The general topic of discussion was 
"America's Responsibility in World Af- 





Sweet Briar College 

Portfolio of Sweet Briar Views 

It is so long since tlie publication of a 
set of Sweet Briar views tliat the College 
this year has prepared a new collection of 
pictures of college buildings and campus 
scenes. These seventeen views are not 
bound in a booklet, but enclosed in a heav'v 
envelope so that selections mav be made 
for framing and new pictures added by 
the College from time to time. 

Among the most familiar are Sweet 
Briar House, seen from the front through 
sweeping tree branches; Daisy's garden in 
bright sunlight: the steps leading to Aca- 
demic: an arcade with distant \iew of 
Fergus Reid Hall: Fletcher and the In- 
firmary each framed in foliage: the always 
impressive Central Group, and a close-up 

of the Refectory facade. The Boxwood 
Inn is there and the Lake backed bv the 
familiar Paul's. 

Among the newer pictures are those of 
the Daisy ^^ illiams Gvinnasium and [Nlarv 
Helen Cochran Library. An unusual pic- 
ture is diat of seven horsemen taking the 
jumps at once at the May Day Horse Show, 
and a picture of increasing value is the Old 
Oak in "ft inter taken before its advancing 
age made necessarv the shortening of its 
branches. An aeroplane view shows the 
whole College with some of the surround- 
ing country. Best of all. there is the Cabin, 
now the proud holder of the title: "Office 
of the Sweet Briar Alumnae Association." 

These are on sale in the Book Shop — 2Sc. 
postage prepaid. 




718 Main Street 

Lynchburg, Va. 

Telephone 2-1-8-4 

Alumnae INews 


Sweet Briar College History, 1900-1906 

(Continued from Page 21) 

The magnitude of the task accomplished 
by the Board of Directors in the opening 
of Sweet Briar College on September 27, 
1906. can be only in part gauged by the 
account of the work just given, as much 
has been omitted. For the work of the 
Board encountered various disintegrating 
influences and onlv an earnest struggle on 
the part of the directors enabled them to 
protect Mrs. ^ illiams' bequest for the pur- 
pose she designed. These struggles have 
been passed over in order to show the con- 
structive ^sork done. The directors were 
all busv men. vet thev gave their time, 
thought, and strength to lay a firm foun- 
dation for the good of future generations. 
We owe them gratitude for their generositv, 
for their steadfastness and for their A'ision. 

for it was our first Board of Directors 
v.hich decided the memorial to Daisy \^ il- 
liams should be a college and should be 
undenominational. The successors to that 
Board are building on that foundation. It 
is notable that four of the seven directors 
were clergvmen of the Episcopal Church 
and in the chair Bishop Randolph of 
\ irginia. 

In closing I wish to call attention to the 
only member of the first Board of Directors 
still with us. a man whose unflagging zeal 
and devotion to Sweet Briar, evidenced 
during the trying years of 1900 to 1906 
has been continued over a quarter of a 
century. Sweet Briar recognizes the many 
great services rendered by Dr. Carl E. 
Crammer. President of the Board of Direc- 

The Flapper, 1796' 

(Continued from Page 24) 

in his car.' Say, that placeTl do for our 
gang. But for Mumsy, no!" 

\es, the flapper of 1796 has long been 
buried far olf in his Emerald Island and 
the customs of his day are not those of our 
own. It was onlv passing foibles, ephe- 
mera! faults, that he strove to correct bv 
the sprightlv chidings of his news sheets, — 
'"To catch, ere she change, the C^Tithia of 
the minute," and impale her for the amused 
observance of his countrvmen. But his 
Cvnthias. old and voung. seem not vastlv 
different from our own. And the function 
of the flapper. — to see to it that eyes and 
ears are kept alert and the immediacy of 
the present recognized, is the same today 
as it was in the days of Darius, of Philip 
of Macedon. of the philosophers of La- 
puta. "The flapper" savs the pleasant sage 
of Dublin, ""applies warning at the instant 
and. like Apollo, touches the ears of his 
countrymen and rouses him in time from 
his dangerous reverv." And whether this 

be done by jazz or by a periodical essay, 
the effect is no less beneficial. 

The advice to the yoimg gentleman who 
has embarked on a Universitv career is 
still good: ""Let him seek recreation from 
severer studies and prepare his mind for 
more arduous exercises bv occasional cor- 
respondence with the Flapper." But the 
advice is no longer necessary. Though 
dated 1796, many of these dusty pages still 
seem pertinent, their titles still alluring: 
""The Flapper's Remarks on Late Hours," 
""The Flapper's Dictionarv of Modern Lan- 
guage." ""Follv of Being Overconscientious 
in Matrimonial Selection." One would 
learn of these. And if sometimes an 
ounce of wit is too hea\ily outweighed by 
a pound of chiding, it must be remembered 
that the Dublin flapper is only striving to 
justifv his existence as Flapper General to 
all Ireland. For F s were S es in those 
days. \^ ere the Flapper of 1796 to make 
his reappearance today, he would have to 
write himself down as the Slapper. 


Sweet Briar College 

Class Personals 


Hildegard Diechman Durfee has taken her Ph.D. 
in Child Psychology from the University of 

Ruth Harvey Keeling and Mr. Keeling were on 
campus en route to Washington from White 
Sulphur Springs, late in April. 

Helen Pennock Jewett and Mr. Jewett were on 
campus en route to Richmond from their home in 

Dunbar Avireit Annan will be included in the 
forthcoming publication, "Maiyland Woman," 
which is being edited by Mrs. Edmond Boone 
Luckett, of Baltimore. Mrs. Annan is being 
recognized for her work as one of the outstand- 
ing entertainment workers with the A. E. F. in 
France. At the close of her work she received 
a special medal in Paris for "Distinguished Ser- 
vice in Entertaining the Army." 

Feme Cash La Fon has returned to her home 
after an extensive visit with friends in West 

Dorothy Peckivell Cremer has moved to Cleve- 
land, Ohio, to live. 

Maiy Parrish Ferguson was on campus recent- 
ly. She was accompanied by Dr. Ferguson and 
her youngest son. 

Carolyn Gwathmey Davidson has moved to Coro- 
nado, California, to live. 

The Alumnae Association records with deep re- 
gret the untimely death of Eleanor Moore Randall, 
who died on April 20. 

Lillian Foster Fargo accompanied by her 
daughter, who will enter in 1934, spent May 
Day on campus. 

Maiy Lorton Sims spent a day on campus re- 

Anna Fawcus Nakes spent May Day on campus. 

Velna White Hostetter, ex-"12, spent several 
weeks on campus with her daughter Hortense, '34. 

Elizabeth Franke Balls, accompanied by her 
husband and her son, spent a day on campus 

Pauline Darnell Orgill, ex-'14, is spending soms 
time in Beverly Hill, California. 


Anne Schutle Nolt has been devoting most of 
her time to the production of marionette shows 
for the Lancaster Junior League. 

Harriet Evans Wyckoff represented Sweet Briar 
at the Centennial Celebration of Gettysburg Col- 
lege, at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on May 27. 

Helen Baker Waller, ex-'15, who has been sec- 
retary of the Writers' Club of Norfolk, Virginia, 
for several years, will be represented in Mary 
Sinton Leitch's Anthology of Virginia Poets to 

appear this fall. Mrs. Waller recently gave a 
reading before The Poetry Society of Virginia at 
their spring meeting. 


Helen Babcock Nevins, ex-"16, and her husband, 
were on campus the last of April. 


Martha Darden Ziezing, accompanied by Mr. 
Ziezing and their son, was on campus for a day, 
en route to Virginia Beach, where they will spend 
a couple of weeks. 

Dorothy Grammer Krauter. ex-'17, has a daugh- 
ter, born the middle of Februaiy. 

Elsie Palmer Parkhurst, ex-"17, has a daughter, 
Elsie, born in December. 


Margaret McVey stopped to see Julia Barber 
Taylor, e.x-'18, en route to Gadsden, Alabama, 
where she will spend several weeks. 

Elizabeth Eggleston spent a few days recently 
with Dr. Harley at the Infirmary. 


Ruth Hulburd Luff is taking a secretarial 
course in New York City. 

Elmira Pennypacker Coxe has returned from 
Bermuda, where she spent her honeymoon. 


Ellen Jf'olj Halsey spent several days the mid- 
dle of May on campus. 

Rhoda Allen Worden has a son, John Allen, 
born May 18. 

Elizabeth Claxton Lewis, ex-"21, has moved to 
Bethesda, Maryland, to live. 


Louise Evans Shidler was on campus recently, 
accompanied by her parents. 

Marion Walker Neidlinger, spent some time 
in New York in January visiting her sister-in-law, 
Mary Wilson Walker, '24, and in Princeton, where 
Mr. Neidlinger is coach of the hockey team. 

Lilias Shepherd is spending several months in 


Marie Klooz, accompanied by her mother, is 
spending the summer at Boxwood Inn. 

LaVerne McGee Olney has moved to Coronado 
Beach, California, to live. 


Marian Swannell Wright has a daughter, Susan 
Endicott, born Februaiy 23. 

Kathryn Klump McGuire is dancing in Summer 
Opera in Cleveland. 

Bemice Hulburd Wain has a son, born May 28. 

Mary Rich was on campus recently, accom- 
panied by her sister, Robins Rich Adams, '27, 
and Mr. Adams and their daughter. 

Alumnae News 


Elizabeth Brewster, ex-"24, is now Mrs. W. E. 
Tempel, and has moved to Los Angeles, California, 
to live. 

Susan Roy Johnston, ex-"24, has announced her 
engagement to Mr. Charles Hill Jones. 


Katherine Agard has moved to Hollywood, 
California, to live. 

Susan Hager Rohrer, accompanied by Louise 
W'olj Starke, ex-"25, and Romayne Schooley 
Ferenbach, ex-'25, spent several days on campus 
this spring. 

Mary Nadine Pope was married June 1 to Mr. 
Carrington Brush Phillips and has moved to 
Akron, Ohio, to live. 

Virginia Buffington, ex-"25, is now Mrs. Ben- 
jamin Wham and is living in Evanston, Illinois. 

Virginia fFhitlock Cobb, ex-'25, was on campus 
for May Day. 


Kathaiyn Norris Kelley has a daughter, Pris- 
cilla, born March 21. 

Page Dunlap Dee has a son, J. Roy. Jr 

Dorothy Keller is doing volunteer work for the 
Family Welfare Association in Pittsburgh. 

Margaret Laidley was on campus May Day. 

Katherine Blount will represent the college on 
June 21 when she will attend th= inauguration of 
Dr. William A. Boylan as President of Brooklyn 
College, Brooklyn, New York. 

Margaret Malone McClements has a baby boy 
born in April. 

Dorothy Hamilton Davis has been visiting Doro- 
thy McKee AIney in Fort Worth. 

Margaret White is spending some time in the 

Catherine Shulenberger received her B.S.L. 
degree this June from the Drexel Institute in 

Helen Carter Bailey has a second son, Donald, 
born in May. 

Elizabeth Cobb Sutherland is now living in 
Atlantic City, New Jersey. 

Elizabeth Holtzman, ex-'26, was married recent- 
ly to Mr. J. Lawrence Sellman. 

Mary E. Stoddard, ex-'26, is spending some 
time in Colorado Springs, Colorado. 

Alice Rogers Enochs, ex-'26. has a son, Philip. 


Nancy Sherrell Moses has a son, Walter Sher- 
rell, born April 4. 

Elizabeth Mathews Wallace has a daughter, 
Elizabeth, born April 22. 

Evelyn Anderson was mar-ried last February to 
Mr. Richard Tull. 

Cornelia Wailes has sailed for Europe, where 
she will spend the summer. 

Jane Riddle is secretary to the principal of the 
High School at her home in Danville, Virginia. 

Roberta Lee Perrin, ex-"27, was married on 
May 11 to Mr. Chester De Forest Adams. 

Margaret Hagan Brown, ex-"27, has a son, Theo- 
dore, Jr. 


Louise Conklin is now Mrs. David Hedges 

Helen Davis has returned from an extended 
trip in Cuba. 

Emily Farrell Cornell has a daughter, born 
February 4. 

Mary Louise Shidler Alney has moved to 
Chesterton, Indiana, to live. 

Sarah Dance Krook has moved from her home 
in Tulsa to New York City to live. 

Jocelyn Watson Regen spent several days on 
campus late in April. She was accompanied by 
her husband, the Reverend Kelso Regen. 

Marguerite Hodnett McDaniel has returned to 
her home in Atlanta from her honeymoon spent 
in Florida. 

Dorothy Meginnis was married on May 21 to 
Mr. Donald John Horn. 

Mary Nelms Locke, ex-"28, has a daughter, Nan 
Chadwick, born April 5. 

Josephine Halsey, ex-'28, is now Mrs. Carl 
Buel Day and is living in Dobbs Feny, New York. 


Adelaide Henderson was married on April 23 
to Mr. William Frederick Eve Cabaniss. 

Margaret Moncure was married on April 8 to 
Mr. Francis Johnson. 

Evelyn Ballard was married recently to Mr. J. 
Eustice Chilton, II. 

Sarah Callison Jamison has moved to Lafayette, 
Indiana, to live. 

Maria Bemiss Hoar, accompanied by her hus- 
band, spent a week-end on campus recently. 

Mildred Earl Lewis is working in Washington, 
D. C. 

Does Your Annual 
Reflect Credit 
On Your School ? 

By careful planning money can 
be saved and a book of high 
quality produced at reasonable 

School publications are our speci- 
alty, and our artist - engravers 
will be glad to show you the most 
economical way. 

Nearly 100 books engraved in 
1931. There must be a reason. 
Write us for particulars. 

Lynchburs Engraving 

Lynchburg, Virginia 


Sweet Briar College 

was married April 1 
are spending four 

Margaret Timmerman Hersloff and her husband 
spent a day on campus recently. 

Ahvyn Redmond Barlow has a daughter. Boyce, 
born on March 14. 

Emily Braswell returned the last of May from 
a ten months' tour around the world. 

Maiy McDiarmid will be married on June 25 
to Mr. \ ictor Piene Serodino. 

Martha Dabn'y Jones is getting her M.A. at 
the University of North Carolina. 

Mai-y Shelton Clark has a son. born in May. 

Helen Miller and Ann Mason Brent Winn 
were on campus May Day week-end. 

Katherne Mites Armstrong, ex-"29. has a daugh- 
ter. Katherine Marian, born on April 8. 

Jane Schoentgen. ex-'29, is now Mrs. Karl F. 

Adelaide Richardson. ex-"29, has been visiting 
on a ranch in Mexico. 

Marian Sommers, ex-"29, 
to Mr. Guido Nadzo. They 
months in France and Italy. 

Elizabeth Preston Biyan, ex-'29, was married 
on May 21 to Mr James Roosevelt Stockton, in 
Jacksonville, Florida. 

MaiT V. Pudley, ex- "29, is now Mrs. Harvey J. 
Lambert and is living in Antlers. Oklahoma. 

Jane Wilkinson, ex-"29, has returned from a 
cruise tlirough the West Indies. 


Norvell Royer has announced her engagement 
to Mr. John Orgain. 

Claire Giesecke was married on May 20 to Mr. 
William Phillip Walker, Jr. 

Merry Curtis is doing social service work at 
the University of Chicago. 

Alice Blake is spending several months travel- 
ling abroad with her parents. 

Florence Lodge AlcCall has a son. Johnson 
Michael, born March 21. 

Elizabeth Johnston was married recently to 
Mr. John Carson Cook. 

Gladys Wester was married on May 20 to Mr. 
Samuel Mead Horton. 

Norvell Royer. Frances Harrison. Elizabeth 
Bane, Adelaide Wampler, Jean Saunders. Eliza- 
beth Stevenson and Agnes Sproul were on campus 
May Day week-end. 

Josephine Reid has been visiting Ruth Hasson 
in Pittsburgh. 

Helen Smith Miller is now living in San 
Antonio, where her husband is stationed at the 
Randolph flying field. 

Elizabeth Carnes. ex-'30, is a stenographer in 
the office of the Amercan Can Company in 
Tampa, Florida. 

Dorothea Paddock. ex-'30. and Dorothy Dar- 
row, ex-"29. motored to Sweet Briar for several 
days early in April. 

Sally Reahard. ex-"30. was on campus for sev- 
eral days recently. 

Martha Lamberth, ex-'30, is working at Macy's 
in New York. 

Sara Buckley, ex-'30, has a secretarial position. 

Martha von Briesen has been spending several 
weeks in Texas. She was one of the attendants 
at the wedding of Claire Giesecke. 

Mary Lynn Carlson was married on May 21 to 
Mr. Huger King. Among those from her class in 
the wedding party were: Cynthia Vaughn, Eliza- 
beth Stribling, Meta Moore. Maiy Lee Seaton 
and ^'irginia Keyser. 

Frances 0"Brian has announced her engagement 
to Mr. Ames Bartlett Hettrick. 

Gertrude Lewis was married March 18 to Mr 
Samuel Magavern. She and her husband visited 
campus on their way to Texas. 

Frances Kelley is working for an insurance 
company in Hampton, Virginia. 

Jane Bikle is secretary in the office of a doctor 
at her home in Hagerstown. Maryland. 

Sportswear : : Town Apparel 



Brooklyn Newark 

Philadelphia Washington Cleveland 

Alumnae News 


Elizabeth Conover was married on June 11 to 
Mr. George Gratton. Ill, and will move to Har- 
risonburg, Virginia, to live. 

Evelyn Mullen is in the Libraiy School at the 
University of North Carolina. 

Virginia Quintard is working in the dental 
clinic in Stamford. Connecticut, and also is doing 
family welfare work. 

Margaret Ferguson has a full time job with 
the Family Welfare Association in Pittsburgh. 

Mary Lou Flournoy has returned from a several 
months" cruise of the Mediterranean. 

Helen Sims is spending the month of April in 

Elizabeth McRae. Mary Stuart Kelso Clegg, 
Jessie Hall. Charlotte Kent, Elizabeth Stribling 
Martha Tiller>-. Agnes Cleveland. Jean Col% 
Peronne \^ hittaker and Natalie Roberts were on 
campus during May Day week-end. 

V irginia Aldeen Derby, ex-'31, was manned to 
Mr. Kenneth Howse, on April 20. 

Elizabeth Wooledge. ex-"31, is a student die- 
titian at the Peter Bent Brigham Hospital in 

Elizabeth D. Kremsr, ex-"31, is now teaching 
Home Economics and English in the Hancock 
High School, Hancock, Maryland. 

Dorothy Ayres. ex-"31, was manied .April 2 to 
-Mr. John Eliot Holt. Pauline W'oodicard Hill, 
"31. and Eda Bainbridge McKnight, ex- "31, were 
in the wedding party. 

EX 1932 

.Aurelia Lane was married recntly to Mr. John 

Lilian Shidler is working in her father"5 office 
in South Bend. Indiana. 

Betsy Hun McAUen spent April 23 on campus. 

Jean Hathaway is working at the Orange Crush 
Company in Chicago. 

Elizabeth Clary spent the winter studying at 
George V^'ashington University. 

Eleanor Arthur and Margaret Coulson, ex- "33, 
both attended the University of Arizona this 

Hallie Orr has been elected to Phi Beta Kappa. 
During her two years at Sweet Briar she was an 
honor student. 

Mildred Hodges and Mary Rennie were on 
campus for May Day week-end. 

Martha Henderson has returned to her home in 
Birmingham after completing her work at the 
Fine and Applied Arts School in New Yoi'k. 

Marjoi'y Blaikie spent a week on campus re- 

Eleanor Nolte was crowned queen of the San 
Antonio Fiesta on April 21. 

EX 1933 

Martha OBrian, Josephine Rucker, and Mary 
Paulding Murdock were on campus May Day 

Kathleen Carmichael spent a day on campus 

EX 1934 

Mai-y E. Young has been attending the Uni- 
versity at Tulsa. 

Nancy Savage and Anne Kuss spent a week- 
end on campus recently. 

Marjoiy Collins will be married on June 23 to 
Mr. John Ireland Howe Baur. 

Janet Blood was married recently to Ml". 
William Kiiight Brown, Jr., and will move to 
Denver, Colorado, to live. 

Sweet !^riar Dfouse— O^e (Tabin—O^ Oak Oree 



879 Park Av&nue Baltimore, Maryland 

On Sale at ZAiumnae. Office 

40 Sweet Brur College 


/ give and bequeath absolutely to Sweet Briar Institute, a 
Corporation created by the State of Virginia, and having its 
College at Su'eet Briar, in Amherst County, J irginia, the sum 

of $ , to be invested and from time to time 

re-invested by said Corporation as it shall deem best, and to 

be called the Endowment Fund. The 

interest and income therefrom shall be applied by said Cor- 
poration to the payment of the salaries of its teachers as it 
shall deem expedient. 

I give and bequeath absolutely to Sweet Briar Institute, a 
Corporation created by the State of Virginia, and having its 
College at Sweet Briar, in Amherst County. Virginia, the sum 

of $ - , to be used and appropriated by said 

Corporation for its benefit in such manner as it shall deem to 
be most useful. 

I give and bequeath absolutely to Sweet Briar Institute, a 
Corporation created by the State of Virginia, and having its 
College at Sweet Briar, in Amherst County, Virginia, the sum 

of $ to be invested and from time to time 

re-invested by said Corporation as it shall deem best, and to 

be called the..- Scholarship Fund, the 

interest and income to be applied by said Corporation to the 
aiding of its deserving students in Sweet Briar Institute or 

ure as s 
mree oini 

no oil 


ers are cominf^ 

. . .three more 

ers 1 

Hear the Ckesterfield Radio Program, 
Every night except Sunday, Columbia 
network. See local newspaper for time. 

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Sweet Briar College 




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Entered as Second Class Matter November 23, 1931, at the Post Office at Sweet Briar, Virginia, 
under the Act of March 3, 1879 

OCTOBER, 1932 



The Alumnae News is a member of the American Alumni Council 



EDNA LEE WOOD (Mrs. John Clark I, "26 
60 Giamercy Park, New York City 

First Vice-President 

(Mrs. Stillman F. 11), "26 
Clark Road, Babson Park 

Wellesley Hills, Massachusetts 

Second Vice-President 

152 Central Avenue, Flushing, New York 


Sweet Briar, Virginia 

Alumnae Secretary 



Sweet Briar, \'irginia 

Members of the Council 

Sweet Briar, Virginia 


125 South Lexington Avenue 
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 


242 Noble Avenue 
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 

29 Fisher Place, Trenton, New Jersey 

MARGARET McVEY, "18 (Henoraiy Member i 
1417 Grove Avenue. Richmond. \ irginia 

^toeet ISriar 3Iiimnae Jl3etos 

Editor — Vivienne Barkalow Breckenridge, '18 

Table of Contents 

The Monument Frontispiece 

To All Sweet Brl\r Alumnae 3 

Editorials 4 

New Office of the Alumnae Association 4 

With the President 5 

R'Urcaret Banister, '16, Returns to Sweet Briar 6 

We Point With Pride To — 6 

Emilie W.iTTS McVea 7 

Alumnae Funds — A History of Fund Raising 10 

Announcements 14 

From the Office of the Registrar 15 

Founders' Day 15 

From the Athletic Department 16 

A College Education — What Is It? 16 

News of Lectures and Concerts 16 

Class Presidents 16 

Mount Saint Angelo — A Chronicle 17 

The Modern Novel 23 

Conning the Campaign 27 

You and Your Government by Radio 30 

Sweet Briar China 31 

Campus News 33 

Vacation with the Faculty 37 

Class Personals 39 

The Monument 

To All Sweet Briar Alumnae 

Dear Alumnae: 

You cannot imagine what a thrill it is 
to be able to write to all of you! It is 
one of the nicest parts of this big job that 
you have given me, and in this, my very 
first message, I send a sincere "Thank you" 
to each one of you for the great honor of 
being your President, and a pledge that I 
will try in every way to be worthy of your 

Sweet Briar has many things of which 
to be proud this fall. First of all, the fine 
enrollment in a year when most colleges 
are sadly depleted. It is an indication of 
her standing in the educational world, the 
commendable ambition of the students, and 
the wise and benevolent planning of the 
administration. Next her leadership in the 
plan for the Junior Year in the British Isles 
is especially noteworthy. I had the pleas- 
ure of seeing Miss Glass and the three girls 
as they sailed from the New York harbor. 
Then, there is the progressive new Alumnae 
Magazine, for which thanks go to our Sec- 
retary. Can not we this year make our 
Alma Mater prouder than ever of her 

Alumnae Association? The foundations 
are well laid, and the true cooperation of 
each one of us will accomplish our pur- 
pose. Please, will you not write to me if 
you have any ideas which you think would 
help either the Association or a local club? 
Or better still, try to come down to Sweet 
Briar for Founders' Day and we will talk 
things over. Miss Glass will be back and 
Sir James C. Irvine, Principal and Vice- 
Chancellor of St. Andrews University, 
where our juniors are, is expected to speak. 

And while we are on the subject of 
travel, it's not too early to begin saving 
pennies for your commencement trip. It's 
truly an unforgettable experience. You 
will love every minute and go home feel- 
ing twenty again ! I am going down next 
week for a few days and am getting youth- 
ful at the mere thought! 

My best wishes for a happy year's work 
for Sweet Briar! 

Yours sincerely, 

Edna Lee Wood, '26. 


THIS fall of 1932 marks the begin- 
ning of the seventh year of a resi- 
dent alumnae secretary at Sweet 
Briar. The Almiinae Association has 
emerged from these six years with a well 
established office, because of your excel- 
lent co-operation, both mdividually and 
collectively, in your clubs. We have stood 
tlie strain of the depression and, therefore, 
have every reason to anticipate that this 
coming year will be more successful than 

Many of you who have been fortunate 
enough to be able to return to the college 
within these past six years have realized 
that your Alumnae Association is a ''going 
concern", but for those of you who have 
not had this privilege the activities of your 
Association may have become vague to you. 
It has, therefore, occurred to us that you 
might be more than interested in the six 
fundamental projects of the office. Bear 
in mind, please, that these are not all ac- 
complished, but that they form the work- 
ing basis for what we are striving to do. 
Space does not permit to give the full de- 
tails of how each is being carried out. 
Some are more successful than others, and 
all but one have a rather well-established 
program to follow. 

Our prime interest is very naturally to 
promote the general welfare of Sweet 
Briar. This we have tried to do in every 
way, but especially by restoring and 

strengthening contacts between former stu- 
dents and the college. Second, since no 
Alumnae Association can afford to be a 
drain on the college budget, we have 
striven for and achieved stable financing 
for the Association. Third, as our Alum- 
nae Clubs form our greatest means of united 
strength and source of income, we are con- 
stantly endeavoring to organize more clubs 
and be of greater help to those already 
formed. Fourth, we have, in a meagre 
way, sought to encourage a continuation 
of the intellectual work of our graduates, 
as advised and aided by the college. Our 
fifth policy deals entirely with the under- 
graduate body. An effort is made to in- 
terest this group in the Association and to 
develop in them an appreciation of what 
the Association will mean to them in the 
years to come. Our sixth task, which 
though listed last, is by no means the least, 
is the development of better financial sup- 
port for the college. Our start in this re- 
spect is the gift each year of the Manson 
Memorial Scholarship Fund. 

Every Sweet Briar girl has her chance 
to help in some phase of our Alumnae 
work, which we think of as building sound- 
ly for the future. Every alumna may say 
as did Horace: 

"Exegi monumentum acre perennius." 
"I have built me a monument more en- 
during than bronze." 

New OflBce of the Alumnae 

The Sweet Briar Alumnae Association 
has loaned, with the greatest pleasure, its 
permanent office, The Cabin, to Mr. Percy 
MacKaye for this year. Our new office is 
located in the small parlor in Grammer. 
We count it such a privilege to have Mr. 
MacKaye here that we were more than 
willing to co-operate with the college in 
making suitable arrangements for his stay 
on campus. 

Alumnae News 

With the President 

President Glass accompanied by Kathe- 
rine Williams, Alice Shirley, and Mary 
Walton McCandlish, die three students who 
are to have their jmiior year at St. Andrews 
University, Scotland, sailed from New 
York, September 24, on the S. S. Britan- 
nica. The party was joined at the boat 
by Miss Denise du Pont, who is returning 
to England to continue her studies in Kent. 

Katherine will continue her study of 
English, while Alice will specialize in 
Science, and Marv Walton in History. 
Thev will live in Lniversity Hall, a large 
dormitory for women. All three of these 

students will return to Sweet Briar for 
their senior year. 

They are seeking new contacts in a 
British institution similar to those which 
other Sweet Briar students have had in 
French and German colleges under the 
Delaware plan for stud)- abroad. St. 
Andrews with its ancient traditions, mod- 
ern educational methods, and hospitable 
atmosphere, located in a picturesque gray- 
city by the sea, promises to be a charming 
place in which to spend a year. 

Miss Glass will remain abroad only a 
short time returning to the college for 
Founders' Day. 

Ella Barnett — Photo 

Off to Scotland 
Alice Shirley, Maiy Walton McCandlish, Miss Glass, Denise du Pont, Katherine Williams 

Sweet Briar College 

Margaret Banister, '16, Returns to Sweet Briar 

EVERY member of the Sweet Briar 
Alumnae Association will be more 
than pleased and gratified to know 
that Miss Margaret Banister, '16, has been 
appointed on the Adminis- 
trative Staff of the College, 
to edit its bulletins, take 
charge of publicity, advise 
with the board of student 
publications and cultivate 
contacts for the college. 
No one in the Association 
is more capable of filling 
this office. No one in the 
Association is more beloved 
than our Ban, and no one 
knows better than she the 
traditions of the college. 
During the four years that she was a stu- 
dent she held many offices and was in her 
senior year president of Student Govern- 
ment. In 1917-1919 she was president of 

the Alumnae Association and again from 
1926-1930. During the Endowment Fund' 
Campaign of 1928 she was National Alum- 
nae Chairman and also acting Field Direc- 
tor for Virginia. Ban has 
a real knowledge of what 
publicity means to Sweet 
Briar, and has had much 
experience in the field. She 
studied writing two years at 
Colimibia, was Editor of 
the bulletin of the Woman's 
Democratic Club in Wash- 
ington for three years and 
has been the Assistant Editor 
and had charge of make-up 
on the Washingtonian Maga- 
zine for three years. This ap- 
pointment has been made as soon as pos- 
sible after the request of the Alumnae As- 
sociation for enlarged publicity last June, 
and Margaret Banister was our choice. 

We Point With Pride To 

The new Sweet Briar tea sets and after 
dinner coffee cups. 

The Alumnae Club of Pittsburgh. They 
started the fall activities with a tea for the 
new students entering college this fall and 
they plan their first benefit for the year 
when they will give a duplicate contract 
bridge tournament, on October 18, at the 
Hotel Schenley. This function is in addi- 
tion to the rummage sale that they will 
have next spring. 

Eight little sisters and three grand- 
daughters among the freshmen. 

Helen Baker Waller, ex-'15, who will be 
represented in Mary Sinton Leitch's An- 
thologv of Poets, which will appear this 

Dr. Raymond's new book, "Oliver's Sec- 
retary: John Milton in an Era of Revolt." 
Dr. Ravmond is Professor of History at 
Sweet Briar. 

Alumnae News 

Emilie Watts McVea 

Reproduction of the portrait 
of the late President Emilie 
Watts McVea presented to 
the college by the Sweet Briar 
Alumnae Club of Cincinnati 
and Miss Josephine Simeral, 
former member of the Sweet 
Briar faculty, and a life long 
friend of Miss McVea's. The 
artist is Miss Dixie Seldon of 

Remarks at the Memorial Service at 
Rollins College 

By Charles William Dabney 

(Editor's Note — It will be remembered that after the death of President McVea a bulletin was 
published, by the college, containing the addresses which were made at the Memorial Sen'ices at 
Sweet Briar for President McVea. A similar Memorial S'ei-vice was held at Rollins College, Winter 
Park, Florida. Dr. Dabney, former President of the University of Cincinnati, made the address at 
that sei-vice, which is herewith published.) 

be associated with her in service many 
years. Her mother, a Louisiana lady, was 

NO eulogy of Emilie Watts McVea 
is necessary but a few words about 
her faithful and beautiful life may 
strengthen us. 

It was my privilege to know Emilie 
Watts McVea almost continuously from 
the time she was a girl of fifteen and to 

left a widow when Emilie was only nine 
years old and brought her three little girls 
to St. Mary's Institute. Raleigh, North 
Carolina, to be educated. I remember 
Emilie as a handsome, bright-eyed girl, a 

Sweet Briar College 

member of a class which I taught for a 
short time. She was an ambitious, earnest, 
and successful student, and. from the very 
beginning, a leader in everything. Wlien 
she was graduated at seventeen, she was 
intensely anxious to go to college, but be- 
fore doing this, she had to wait until she 
could accumulate some small earnings. 
She then entered Cornell with the purpose 
of taking the full course, but her hopes 
were shattered almost immediately by the 
death of a sister. Emilie had known the 
meaning of poverty from her childhood 
and now she had to go to work to support 
her mother and sister, a necessity which 
followed her during almost her entire life. 

At twenty we find her so ready in heart 
and mind that she was called to St. Mary's 
to begin her life-long service. She did 
her work there so successfully, developing 
those w"onderful powers as teacher and 
friend of young people which characterized 
her whole career, that before her twenty- 
fifth birthdav she was made principal of 
St. Mary's. 

Her ambition for a higher education 
never died, however, and as soon as she 
was able, she took her mother and sister 
to Washington, where for a number of 
years, she tausht and studied until she 
completed the bachelor course she desired 
and took her master's degree at George 
Washington University. 

In her vacations while at George Wash- 
ington, she taught in summer schools for 
teachers, early developing the powers and 
making the reputation, which led to her 
appointment as assistant professor of Eng- 
lish in the University of Tennessee when 
she was just past thirty. Here she devel- 
oped rapidly, blossoming out in full wo- 
manlv character. 

Recognizing her remarkable ability as a 
leader, administrator, and especially as a 
guide and counsellor for young women. 
Miss McVea was induced to go to the Lni- 
versity of Cincinnati with me and was soon 
appointed Dean of Women in that institu- 
tion. This position she filled with great 
benefit, rot merely to the women students, 
but to the entire Lniversity. She was 
chiefly instrumental in securing a building 
for the social and recreational uses of the 

women. Such a woman could not be con- 
fined to academic halls, and. her reputa- 
tion extending throughout the community, 
she soon became the leading woman in 
Cincinnati, as well as in the University. 
Twice elected President of the Woman's 
Club, she associated herself with every im- 
portant social movement, — the movement 
of the high schools, teacher training, child 
labor, recreation facilities, musical culture, 
the drama, church work and charities, and 
all the interests of the home. The enfran- 
chisement of women, then an unsettled 
question, she advocated, not as the mere 
recognition of the equality of men and 
women, but as a matter of justice to a 
defenseless minority in the state. A proud 
daughter of the South, she was ever an 
earnest champion of democracy and of 
state's rights, and an eloquent interpreter 
of Southern literature and history, con- 
tributing manv articles to the reviews and 

Wlien the Rector of Sweet Briar College 
asked me to recommend a president for his 
college, who was a scholar, teacher, leader, 
and administrator, exemplar and guide for 
young women, above all. a Christian — and 
he added rather apologetically, preferably 
an Episcopalian — I told him that I knew 
of only one such woman and she was 
with us and could not possibly be spared. 
Learning more later, however, of the op- 
portunitv for a great piece of constructive 
work at Sweet Briar. I recognized that Miss 
McVea should decide for herself and so 
submitted the proposal to her. Although 
brilliantly successful and as devoted to her 
friends in Cincinnati as they were to her. 
Miss McVea thought it her duty to go to 
Sweet Briar. So we crowned her Doctor 
of Literature and most regretfully bade her 
God speed. 

As President of Sweet Briar College, Dr. 
McVea was able to put forth all her splen- 
did talents, now fuUv matured. She raised 
the standards, strengthened the faculty, in- 
creased the endowments, and made many 
other improvements. She was soon recog- 
nized in Virginia, as she had been in Ohio, 
and though an outsider, which always sig- 
nifies something in the Old Dominion, she 
was appointed the first woman trustee of 
its Lniversitv. 

Alumnae News 

Never strong physically, our friend 
fought the weakening effects of an old ill- 
ness for years. Her limited store of energy 
never retarded her, however, when duty 
called. Failing under the stress of these 
tremendous efforts at Sweet Briar, she was 
constrained, at last, to give up the position, 
but only after the college had been re- 
created and established on a solid founda- 
tion. After she had recuperated partially 
in Florida, Rollins College was fortunate 
in securing her services. 

Wliat gave Emilie McVea her exception- 
al power as a teacher, leader, and molder 
of character? Her scholarship was great: 
others have had equal learning. She was 
an admirable teacher, but we have known 
others her equal. She was a fine adminis- 
trator; there have been others. But I have 
never known her equal as a builder of 
character and an inspirer of high living. 
How did she do this? It was her high 
ideals, her capacity for friendship, her ex- 
traordinary understanding of human na- 
ture, her generous charity, and far-reaching 
sympathy — as she herself expressed it, her 
"love for folks" — that encouraged the weak 
£ind erring, lifted up the downcast, and in- 
spired all who came under her magnetic 
influence to seek to live nobler lives. She 
taught English literature, not as a mere 
academic subject, but as an introduction 
to life, and to sit under her was to hear 
a poet tell of the duties and beauties of 
life, a prophet warn of its disappointments 

and dangers, and to behold a splendid vic- 
tor in life's battles. 

In a natural grove on a red hill, sur- 
rounded by wide cotton fields, on the out- 
skirts of the city, where she received her 
early training and did her first teaching 
and where in later years she made a home 
for her mother, is the resting place of our 
friend. It is called Oakwood, for the giant 
oaks tliat adorn it. With a friend, I sought 
this place on a bright November day, when 
the golden, brown, and scarlet leaves were 
falling and the autumn flowers were in 
their glory. The natural forest has been 
preserved, and the formal divisions and 
geometrical forms, which mar most of our 
cemeteries, excluded. There on a sunny 
eastern slope under a giant oak, close 
alongside her mother and sister, for whom 
she labored so many years, rests our friend. 
Acorns were scattered everywhere, and the 
ground, far and wide, was covered with 
golden rod and purple asters. Springing 
up out of the deep soil under this big tree, 
were scores of young shoots. I thought, 
how like her beautiful life, these spon- 
taneous, natural flowers: and how typical 
that fruitful oak of her character, which 
inspired so many young lives to grow up 
in strength and beauty. It was sweet to 
see this charming, natural resting place of 
our friend and it was inspiring and deeply 
consoling to realize from it that her soul 
will ever live in the lives of others. 


Sweet Briar College 

Alumnae Funds — A History of Fund Raising 

(Editor's Note — The History of Fund RaUing is the first of a series of articles on this inter- 
esting subject that will appear in the Alumnae Neivs each issue during the coming year. This 
article was written by Harold Flack, Executive Secretary of The Comellian Council, Cornell Uni- 
versity, and is the first chapter of the new book, recently published by the American Alumni 
Council, An Alumni Fund Survey. The request from our own alumnae to know more of the history, 
organization and value of Alumnae Funds has prompted the printing of these articles. The second. 
Objectives of Fund Raising, ivdll appear in the December issue of the Alumnae News.) 

THIS chapter is intended to cover some 
of the significant trends in fund rais- 
ing by V^erican colleges and univer- 
sities since 1890. That date marks the be- 
ginning of the organized period of fund 
raising by alumni. 

The beginning of fund raising for col- 
leges and universities began with the found- 
ing of Harvard College in 1636 and efforts 
to secure funds for institutions of higher 
learning in this country have continued un- 
interruptedly to the present time. A book 
entitled "Alumni Stimulation by the Amer- 
ican College President," written by Dr. 
Webster Schultz Stover, and published by 
Teachers College, Columbia University, 
contains a very interesting history of fund 
raising in American colleges from its in- 
ception, giving particularly the part which 
the presidents have taken in these efforts. 
It might safely be said that practically all 
efforts to raise money for American col- 
leges before 1890 were made or stimulated 
by college presidents, and the annual re- 
ports of the presidents were used largely 
for this purpose. 

With the establishment of the Yale 
Alumni Fund in 1890, an entirely new 
idea came into being so far as the raising 
of funds for colleges and universities was 
concerned. The report of the Yale Alumni 
Association for the )ear ending June 30, 
1931 gives the following statement cover- 
ing the early history and purposes of their 

In June, 1890. the Corporation established 
the "Alumni University Fund" in response 
to resolutions of the New York alumni, and 
at Commencement of that year there was 
organized an association "to be known as 
The Alumni University Fund Association," 
to be managed by nine directors, alumni of 
Yale, appointed by the President of the Uni- 

The Idea Back of the Fund 

The establishment of the Yale Alumni Fund 
in 1890 was a recognition of the strong desire 
of every Yale man to serve. In the words of 
the founders, '"A widespread sentiment has 
existed for some time among Yale graduates 
in favor of some systematic endeavor to in- 
crease the resources of the University." Until 
the Alumni Fund was organized, there was 
no practical way for the great mass of grad- 
uates to help the University, to give tangible 
evidence of their loyalty and to have a share 
in making possible for others the benefits 
which they themselves had enjoyed. 

A report of the Yale Alumni Fund indi- 
cates that in the first year of the fund there 
were 385 contributors, the total receipts 
were $11,015.88, and the gross receipts for 
the fund from its inception to June 30, 
1931 were $9,984,094.62. 

The Yale Alumni Fund grew slowly at 
first, but the growth was steady and the 
habit of giving on the part of Yale grad- 
uates became so strong that at the end of 
twenty-five years the alumni were contri- 
buting more than $100,000 a year to their 
alumni fund. Just before the war, this 
was regarded as a fairly substantial annual 
amount. During the war years, however, 
when a large percentage of the undergrad- 
uates marched off to war and when the 
University was faced with a real financial 
problem, the Yale alumni responded most 
generously to the University's appeal 
and their Alumni Fund averaged about 
$.500,000 annually during those war years. 

Some fifteen years after the founding of 
the Yale Alumni Fund, similar funds were 
established at Princeton, Amherst, Dart- 
mouth, Cornell, and a few other places. 

The Dartmouth Alumni Fund, which is 
one of the most successful funds in the 
country, was founded in 1906 during the 
administration of President Tucker. The 
Dartmouth Alumni Council took over the 

Alumnae News 


work of the Alumni Fund in 1914. Up 
until this time only a small percentage of 
alumni had contributed. 

The Cornell Lniversity Alumni Fund 
was founded in 1908. An organization, 
named the Cornellian Council, was or- 
ganized by the alumni to "stimulate the 
interest of the alumni in the financial sup- 
port of the University." All funds col- 
lected bv this organization were turned over 
to the treasurer of the Lniversity and cred- 
ited to the "Alimini Fund." These funds 
were subject to appropriation by the trus- 
tees of the University for University pur- 
poses. It took four years to build up a net 
fund of S20,000. but in 1929-30 the un- 
restricted contributions to the Cornell 
Alumni Fund reached S178.000 with a total 
of 10,134 givers. 

Other annual alumni funds have had 
similar small beginnings but have become 
tremendous assets to those institutions 
where they have been in continuous exist- 
ence for many years. 

The next significant event in fund rais- 
ing in American colleges and universities 
took place at Harvard in 1904-05. Presi- 
dent Eliot had pointed out in his report of 
1904 that Harvard needed an addition of 
S2,.500.000 to her endowment fund for fa- 
culty salaries, for retiring allowances and 
for the permanent endowment of professor- 
ships. The alumni of Harvard accepted 
this statement by Dr. Eliot as a challenge 
and an alumni committee was formed with 
Bishop William Lawrence, president of the 
Alumni Association, as the chairman of the 
committee. It was rare good fortune for 
Harvard to have Bishop Lawrence as the 
chairman of this committee. From the ex- 
perience of this and subsequent campaigns 
(for the pension fund for the Episcopal 
Church, for the Harvard Business School. 
and in war service drives ) , Bishop Law- 
rence proved himself to be one of the really 
great money raisers of tliis country. He 
tells in a delightful way in his autobiog- 
raphy how diis campaign was organized, 
and how in one year about S2,400.000 was 
raised from approximately 2,000 Harvard 
alumni. This was done by personal inter- 
views, by letters, and by circular's sent to 
all Harvard graduates. 

This campaign is mentioned because it 
was by far the most successful effort that 
had been organized up to that time to raise 

capital funds for any university. In fact, 
no University had ever before raised as 
much as 81,000,000 in any one effort. Col- 
lege administrators and alumni fund raisers 
are advised to read Bishop Lawrence's 
Memories of a Happy Life, for some very 
interesting and instructive information cov- 
ering his experience in fund raising. 

Subsequent to the raising of this fund. 
President Eliot reported that the class of 
1881 had made a twenty-fifth anniversary 
gift to the University of $113,776.66, the 
income to be used for unrestricted pur- 
poses. Each class since that time has fol- 
lowed this precedent and has contributed 
a fund of at least $100,000 on the occa- 
sion of their twenty-fifth reunion. This 
sum has been increased in recent years. 

Another very significant development of 
fund raising in American colleges and uni- 
versities was the formation of a '"Commit- 
tee of Fifty at Princeton to secure pledges 
for current expenses and for endowment, 
called for by the installation by President 
Wilson of the Preceptorial System of in- 
struction, and by the building program 
laid before the University." 

Mr. Francis G. Langdon '81, who was 
chairman of the National Alumni Asso- 
ciation in 1926, made the following state- 
ment at the Centennial meeting of the 
National Alumni Association on February 
22, 1926 in an address entitled Alumni of 
Princeton : 

Four years later, in December. 1904, another 
far-reaching step was taken when the Com- 
mittee of Fifty, with Cleveland H. Dodge '79 
as Chairman, and George W. Burleigh "92 as 
Secretary, succeeded by Harold G. Mun'ay 
"93. was appointed by the Trustees, to secure 
pledges for cuiTent expenses and for endow- 
ment called for by the installation by Presi- 
dent Wilson of the Preceptorial System of 
instruction and by the building program laid 
before the University. The appointment of 
this Committee marked the opening of the 
third and last period in the histoiy of the 
Alumni Association. The first meeting of the 
Committee of Fifty was held in Januaiy 1905. 
Eighteen months later it had reported annual 
pledges of S126.909 and endowment pledges 
of S500.000. What Princeton alumni were 
doing for Princeton was indicated by H. G. 
Murray '93. the indefatigable Secretary of the 
Committee, in his report of February-, 1907. 
Of the 6.838 kno«Ti living alumni since the 
Class of 1870, 5,446 were in the classes rais- 
ing money for class funds. Twenty of the 
thirty-seven classes from 1870 to 1906, inclu- 
sive, were raising funds for the University. 


Sweet Briar College 

Exclusive of these alumni, he had 372 an- 
nual subscribers on his books who were con- 
tributing $108,545. 

Mr. Murray made his final report for the four 
and a half years' life of the Committee of 
Fifty in April. 1909. The Graduate Council 
plan had been approved in April, 1908 and 
thus the Committee of Fifty went out of ex- 
istence. In the report, Mr. MuiTay stated 
that the most valuable work of the Commit- 
tee of Fifty had been to awaken the interest 
of the alumni in the need of the University, 
to induce classes to give larger memorial 
funds than formerly, to collect the payments 
more promptly, to interest individuals in 
Princeton to secure bequests for the Univer- 
sity, and to enlist intelligent enthusiasm 
among the friends of the University. The 
Committee had collected for the University 
$4,079,693 of which $1,012,248 was for en- 

Another event of particular significance 
in the field of fund raising during the pre- 
war period was the campaign, organized 
by the alumni of the University of Michi- 
gan in 1914-15, for $1,000,000 for a new 
Student Union Building. This was prob- 
ably the most highly organized alumni 
campaign to raise funds up to that time 
and was tremendously successful. Alumni 
committees were appointed throughout the 
country and every alumnus was given an 
opportunity to contribute. This campaign 
has served ever since as a model and an 
inspiration for many campaigns for stu- 
dent unions and stadia. 

Other organized alumni efforts to raise 
funds for colleges and universities during 
the pre-war period might be cited, but 
these experiences are significant. Several 
other colleges started effective funds prior 
to the War, among them Smith College 
and Union College in 1912, Brown Uni- 
versity, Amherst, and Wesleyan University 
in 1914, and the University of North Car- 
olina in 1915. 

At the close of the World War practi- 
cally all colleges and universities faced 
serious financial problems, due to the eco- 
nomic changes resulting from the War; in 
fact many colleges and universities faced 
disaster. The period from 1919 on was 
the era of the intensive campaign for per- 
manent endowment. The times were ideal 
for these drives, first because the need for 
funds was imperative: second, the country 
was in a condition of unprecedented pros- 
perity: third, the American people were 
still in the habit and spirit of giving to 

worthwhile causes; and fourth, a highly 
developed technique had been evolved for 
nation-wide intensive campaigns as a result 
of the war service drives. 

Those colleges and universities which 
had had annual alumni funds in existence 
for a number of years before their inten- 
sive campaigns were launched were very 
fortunate. Their alumni had already 
formed the habit of giving and had also 
had some experience in fund raising. 

These campaigns were organized largely 
through the efforts of alumni, with the co- 
operation of the college presidents and 
trustees. In a number of institutions, the 
services of the so-called professional fund 
raising firms were employed to direct the 

Many of these campaigns were highly 
successful; some were moderately success- 
ful; some were flat failures. In many 
cases conditional gifts were made by the 
foundations which furnished impetus to 
the campaigns and in most cases assured 
their success. 

The John Price Jones Corporation made 
a survey in 1926 of sixty-eight different 
college campaigns which had been con- 
ducted subsequent to 1919. These cam- 
paigns resulted in securing $149,391,142- 
.38 from 491,893 givers. The total amount 
given by alumni was $68,797,129.35 from 
315,493 alumni, or 46.1 per cent of the 
total amount raised. Of the total amount 
given to the endowed colleges and univer- 
sities since the intensive campaign period 
from 1919 to 1926, an increasing percent- 
age has been given by the alumni. 

The professional fund raising organiza- 
tions rendered a real service to the colleges 
and universities in connection with their 
major campaigns for capital funds. The 
personnel of these organizations was made 
up largely of men and women who had 
had wide experience in the War service 
drives, and they were gaining increased 
experience from CcUnpaign to campaign. 
These firms were in a position, therefore, 
to approach the problem more scientifi- 
cally and methodically than could most 
alumni and university officers who had not 
had previous campaign experience. How- 
ever, after one and sometimes two inten- 
sive campaigns for permanent endowment, 
with the inspirational meetings, high 
pressure, and high powered salesmanship, 

Alumnae News 


there was a reaction of feeling against the 
so-called intensive campaign. The college 
and university administrative officers and 
the alumni officers again cast about for a 
method of raising funds on a continuous 
basis which would take care of the urgent 
needs of their respective institutions and 
which would meet with the approval of 
the average alumnus. 

The alumni fund movement then had a 
rebirth. A few institutions like Cornell 
had protected their alumni funds during 
the endowment period. In some institu- 
tions, however, the alumni funds had been 
allowed to lapse. Up to 1919, the begin- 
ning of the intensive campaign period, 
there were probably not more than a dozen 
or fifteen alumni funds in existence, where- 
as tliere are probably at least a hundred in 
operation at the present time with several 
hundred institutions, including state col- 
leges and universities, interested in found- 
ing alumni funds. 

Wliile the promotion of these alumni 
funds has until now been carried on large- 
ly under the direction of alumni associa- 
tions or alumni offices, there is a very defi- 
nite trend in colleges and universities to 
set up special organizations with special 
officers charged with the responsibility of 
raising, not only the annual alumni funds, 
but also funds for endowment, buildings, 
other special projects, including the pro- 
motion of bequest programs. 

The one college which has successfully 
resisted the so-called intensive campaign, 
and which has pinned its faith entirely on 
the alumni fund and the continuous efforts 
of its president, trustees, and alumni in 
providing for the needs of the college, is 
Dartmouth. Their alumni fund has made 
rapid strides since the war. It has for 
many years averaged more than $100,000 
annually in unrestricted funds. A visit to 
Dartmouth and a study of the president's 
reports indicate a rapid growth in build- 
ings and in other material resources since 
the war. 

During the period of the so-called inten- 
sive endowment campaigns conducted for 
the privately endowed colleges and uni- 
versities, many State universities were also 
raising funds for stadia and student unions. 
Many of these campaigns were very suc- 
cessful, but the experience in those insti- 

tutions indicated that one intensive cam- 
paign was about all the alumni of an in- 
stitution W'ould stand in a single decade. 
Some State universities are now organiz- 
ing alumni funds, to be used each year to 
provide for important projects which will 
improve the quality of the institution but 
for which the State will not or cannot pro- 
vide. Other State institutions are organiz- 
ing alumni committees to raise funds for 
special projects without creating alumni 
funds at all. ■■" ''' * 

Probably more has been done by the 
alumni of Michigan for their Alma Mater 
in a financial way than has been done by 
the alumni of any other State university, 
and this tangible expression of alumni in- 
terest has had a real effect on the quality 
of the institution and its work. 

Dr. Webster Schultz Stover in his book 
entitled Alumni Stimulation by the Ameri- 
can College President says: "During the 
second decade of the century, before ade- 
quate buildings had been provided for the 
College of Law, President Hutchins of the 
University of Michigan could say forty 
percent of the buildings and equipment of 
the University had been donated by alumni 
and friends." 

Since Harvard was founded in 1636, 
alumni and friends of colleges and uni- 
versities have been encouraged by college 
presidents to make gifts by bequests. 
Every college campus bears eloquent testi- 
mony to the fact that many gifts have been 
made in this way. Up until recent years 
the older colleges and universities have 
benefitted most by this type of gifts. 

For many years past these bequests have 
resulted largely from the efforts of college 
presidents, due to the appeals in tlreir an- 
nual reports and the inspiring influence of 
precedent and example. During the past 
ten years, however, the colleges and uni- 
versities have become interested in the or- 
ganization of highly developed bequest 
programs, with bequest committees scat- 
tered throughout the country, and with 
special articles and special booklets pre- 
pared in connection with these programs. 
In the years to come more money will 
probably reach the treasurers of American 
colleges from this source than from any 

(Turn to page 36) 


Sweet Briar College 


Under the Carnegie Corporation subven- 
tion for the promotion of the Arts at Sweet 
Briar College announced last Commence- 
ment several changes and additions have 
been made. 

The Department of Art becomes the 
Department of Art and Archaeoloev. Dr. 
Florence Robinson is transferred to the 
new department and Dr. Gertrude Malz 
comes to take Dr. Robinson's place in the 
Department of Greek and Latin. Dr. Rob- 
inson will offer a new course so described : 

History of Architecture 

A brief survey of the history of 
architecture from prehistoric times 
to the present. The course aims to 
give an understanding of the ele- 
ments of architecture and an appre- 
ciation of the buildings of man from 
the standpoint of beauty and func- 
tion. Lectures illustrated with slides 
and photographs. 

Three hours second semester. Credit 
three hours. 

There is no pre-requisite and the course 
is open to freshmen and sophomores. Op- 
portunities will be made for trips to Wash- 
ington and elsewhere to study architectural 
forms for such students as can go, and spe- 
cial work will be arranged for those who 

Also under this grant Miss Eugenia 
Litchfield, A. B. Vassar, student at the 
Conservatoire Americaine at Fontainbleau 
and at the Surette Summer School of Music 
at Concord, Mass., will join the faculty of 
the Department of Music. Miss Litchfield 
plays the violin and the viola and will 
direct the Ensemble. 

Announcement is also made by President 
Glass of the appointment of Mr. Percy 
MacKaye, distinguished poet and drama- 
tist, as a visiting professor for the coming 
session. Mr. MacKaye will offer a course 
in "Creative Aspects of the Drama" and 
will act as advisor in dramatic productions 
and the writing of plays and verse. In 
addition he will carry on his own work, 
some of which centers around American 

folk-lore including traditional backgrounds 

of Virginia. 

Mr. MacKaye is notable for his many 
plays, among which are Jeanne d'Arc pro- 
duced by Sothern and Marlowe; Sappho 
and Phaon, a tragedy, produced by Harri- 
son Grey Fiske; The Scarecrow, produced 
by Henry B. Harris, and Mater, produced 
by Henry Miller. Perhaps no one else in 
America has been so successful in the 
masque as Mr. MacKaye, whose Caliban 
was produced at the stadium of the College 
of the City of New York and at the Har- 
vard stadium; Sanctuary, a bird masque, 
produced in 1913; the St. Louis civic 
masque with 7,500 actors produced in 
1914, and this year, Wakefield, the Wash- 
ington Bi-Centennial masque at Washing- 
ton, D. C. Mr. MacKaye has written many 
poems outside the dramatic field, and has 
Ijeen at work for several years on folk 
ways, especially in the southern Appala- 
chian mountains. 

The activities of Mr. MacKaye also form 
a part of plans for the development of the 
arts being begun this year at the college. 

Other additional members of the faculty 
are as follows: 

Miss Irene Huber — Instructor in Ger- 
man. A. B. Barnard College; M. A. Bryn 
Mawr College. 

Miss Nora Staael — Instructor in Physi- 
cal Education. B. S. Northern State Teach- 
ers College, Aberdeen, S. D.; M. A. Colum- 
bia University. 

Miss Elizabeth Adams — Instructor in 
Chemistry. B. S. Middlebury College; M. 
A. Smith College. 

Miss Helen Whetstone — Instructor in 
Physical Education. Graduate Bouve-Bos- 
ton School of Physical Education. 

Miss Elisabeth F. Moller— Assistant 
Professor in Psychology. A. B. Goucher; 
A. M. Clark University; Ph. D. Cornell. 
Miss Moller is taking the place of Dr. 
Helen Mull who was unable to return to 
Sweet Briar because of illness. Miss Mull, 
however, anticipates returning to college 
for the second semester. 

Alumnae News 


From the Office of the Registrar 

Sweet Briar opened this year with an 
enrollment of 443 students, of whom 261 
were former students and 182 were new 
students. In comparing these figures with 
those for 1931-1932 we note that there is 
a decrease from the 467 who were enrolled 
a year ago, but that the proportion of old 
students returning has increased from fifty- 
four to sixty percent of the whole student- 
body. This is an end toward which the 
college has been bending many efforts and 
the accomplishment of this gain in the 
present year is very reassuring to those 
interested in Sweet Briar. The slight de- 
crease in total registration is due to several 
factors, not the least of which is the general 
depression. In view of economic condi- 
tions the administration decided last spring 
not to attempt to place students outside 
dormitories as it did last year when stu- 
dents were housed with Mrs. Wilmer Black- 
well, Mrs. Jordan. Mrs. Ramage and in 
Professor Worthington's. house. The in- 
creased fees of one thousand dollars (an- 
nounced in the spring of 1931) were effec- 
tive for all new students entering this fall. 
In order to counterbalance any adverse 
effect of this increase on able applicants 
the college had increased scholarship funds 
and created in addition a student emer- 
gency fund, which have assisted many de- 
sirable students to enter this year. 

Not included in the enrollment statistics 
given above are four students who will 
study abroad their junior year. Miss Delia 
Ann Taylor sailed in the summer for Ger- 
many where she will study at the University 
of Munich in the Foreign Study Group of 
the University of Delaware. Three other 
juniors sailed in September for Scotland 
where they will study at St. Andrews under 

an arrangement consummated by President 

Of particular interest to alumnae is the 
admission of three Sweet Briar "grand- 
daughters": Adele Bowman, daughter of 
Adele Kruse Bowman, ex-'14; Laura K. 
Roulette, daughter of Annie Haynes Rou- 
lette. Academy: and Elizabeth C. Whayne, 
daughter of Bessie Carothers Whayne, ex- 

Eight entering freshmen are sisters of 
alumnae: Kathleen Donohue is the sister 
of Abigail Donohue, ex-'34, Phoebe Jersch 
is the sister of Wanda Jensch Harris, '26, 
Esther O'Brian is the sister of Frances 
O'Brian Hettrick, '31. Mary Lee Poindex- 
ter is the sister of Jane Poindexter Steward, 
ex-'28, Lucille Scott is the sister of Virginia 
Scott, ex-'34, Jane Shelton is the sister of 
Mary Shelton Clark, '29. Mary Gray Val- 
entine is the sister of Elizabeth Lee Val- 
entine Goodwyn, '29, and Martha Williams 
is the sister of Elizabeth Williams, '30. 

Sweet Briar has been proud of its rating 
as a national college on the basis of the 
wide representation of its student-body. In 
this year when economies might have been 
expected to affect expenditures for trans- 
portation it is of interest to find that stu- 
dents come from thirtv-four states. Canal 
Zone, Cuba, Porto Rico, Germany and 

Five freshmen wo'i competitive scholar- 
ships which carry tuition for the first year. 
Two of these are from Virginia, one from 
the District of Columbia, one from Mary- 
land, and one from Pennsylvania. The 
college wishes to stimulate interest in these 
scholarships and will be glad to send de- 
tailed information to any alumnae who 
know of desirable applicants who might 
be interested to compete. 

Founders' Day 

Founders' Day will fall this year on 
Friday, October 28, which is one week later 
than announced in the catalogue. Dr. Irv- 
ing Maurer, President of Beloit College. 
Beloit, Wisconsin, will give the Founders' 
Dav address. 

It is expected that Sir James C. Irvine, 
Principal and Vice-Chancelor of St. An- 
drews LTniversity, St. Andrews, Scotland, 
will visit Sweet Briar at this time. 


Sweet Briar College 

From the Athletic Department 

The Virginia North Carolina Field 
Hockey Association, which is composed of 
Women's Colleges who play hockey in this 
section, will meet at Sweet Briar for their 
annual Rormd Robin Tournament on No- 
vember 11 and 12. Between one hundred 
and one hundred and fifty players will take 
part. Umpires for this section will be 
rated at this time and the annual business 
meeting of the Association will also be 
held then. William and Mary and Harri- 
sonburg have entertained the Association 
in the last two years. 

The hockey schedule is in the making 
and will probably include the usual games 
with Westhampton and William and Mary. 

Two new tennis courts, along Sunset 
Road beyond the gymnasium, have been 

Attempts are being made to organize a 

dance ensemble for those students who wish 
to do more than the required class work 
and Miss Staael and Bonnie Wood, head 
of dancing, are at work on this program. 

Fifty freshmen have played hockey be- 
fore so that their first team should be more 
than promising. Except for last year's 
seniors, most of the varsity h'-ckey team 
has returned. 

Amherst County Fair will be held on 
October 6 and will, this year, be an open 
show. Many outside exhibitors are ex- 
pected to enter and only two classes are 
exclusive for Sweet Briar. They are the 
Horsemanship Class and the Ride to 
Jericho. The cup for the former is given 
by the Peoples National Bank of Lynch- 

A larger number have elected to play 
La Crosse this year than ever before. 

A College Education — What 
Is It? 

"To be at home in all lands and ages; 
to count nature a familiar acquaintance 
and art an intimate friend; to gain a 
standard for the appreciation of other 
men's work and the criticism of your own; 
to carry the keys of the world's library in 
your pocket, and feel its resources behind 
you in whatever you undertake; to make 
hosts of friends among the men of your 
own age who are to be leaders in all walks 
of life; to lose yourself in generous en- 
thusiasms and co-operate with others for 
common ends — this is the offer of the col- 
lege for the best four vears of your life." 
—William DeWitt Hyde. 

News of Lectures 


The first concert of the season was given 
on Friday evening, September 30, by the 
Boston Sinfonietta, in the Chapel. Seven- 
teen men from the Boston Sjonphony Or- 
chestra were in the group which was con- 
ducted by Arthur Fiedler. 

A lecture, by Mr. David Lawrence, Edi- 
tor of the United States Daily, will be 
given early in November. It is anticipated 
that during Mr. Lawrence's stay on the 
campus he will speak, informally, with the 
Sweet Briar News staff. 

On November 11 Tsuya Matsuki will 
give a piano recital in the Chapel. 

Martha Graham, the dancer, will be the 
feature of the Thanksgiving Entertainment. 

Class Presidents 

Class voting has resulted in the election 
of the following presidents: Langhorne 
Watts, Senior Class; Julia Daugherty, 
Junior Class; Eleanor Elliott, Sophomore 
Class. Election of president for the Fresh- 
man Class will not be held until November 

Alumnae News 


Mount Saint Angelo — A Chronicle 

By Natalie Manson Dew 


HILL and a half from the College 
is Mount Saint Angelo, its dark 
pointed fir and spruce, the massed 
green of its elm and maple and horse- 
chestnut drawn clear against the sky. 
Elijah Fletcher's daughter, Elisabetli, Daisy 
Williams' "Aunt Lillybell", inherited this 
part of his q;reat estate and when she mar- 
ried Mr. Mosby from Lynchburg came 
across the fields from Sweet Briar House 
to live here. She brought with her some 
of the elegant Fletcher furniture and china 
and silver but there was only the overseer's 
house for her to put them in, with slave 
cabins close by. The young couple started 
their first home in a long, low dingy build- 
ing covered with vines; but from their hill 
top on three sides of the horizon stretched 
a glorious view of the Blue Ridge, with 
distant etherial peaks and near green foot- 
hills. They loved the place and dreamed 
of building something some day that would 
be beautiful and stately and would be 
called Hamlet Hall. 

They were planning for this when they 
travelled in Europe and when they were 
driven home by the Franco-Prussian war 
they began to build. By this time the 
English beauties of Hamlet Hall had faded 
and they had fallen in love with Italian 
villas, so soon after 1870 Mount Saint 
Angelo faced the old stage coach road 
which runs by Cool Well and across the 
bridge over the railroad track. It was 
rather large, rather dramatic, built of brick 
painted gray, with one tall tower. Beneath 
this there was a vestibule with an arched 
entrance inscribed in Latin, with old Eng- 
lish lettering — "Thou shalt keep him in 
perfect peace whose mind is stayed on 

On the lawn many of us have counted 
seventy different varieties of trees and 
shrubs — a glory of essentially Southern 
things, magnolias, pink dogwood, pink 
horse chestnut, crepe myrtle — besides the 
deodar, the cedar of Lebanon, dead these 
several years but clothed in a mantle of 
vines, the huge copper beech with its trunk 

Original Mount .Saint Angt-lo 

like an elephant's hide, the spruce that 
towers above it with branches sweeping the 
ground, mahonias, quantities of rare ever- 
greens, tree box and dwarf box. Mrs. 
Mosby said some of them were planted 
before the Civil War. Certainly the cop- 
per beech was here in the time of the first 
Mount Saint Angelo. Perhaps the Ceres 
that stands so calmly on her mound be- 
tween the four magnificent Irish yews, 
dates from this period. Perhaps Mrs. 
Mosby intended to replace her whitened 
iron with a marble goddess. Many things 
that she wanted to do had to go undone 
because there was not enough money. Even 
the plastering was still unfinished when she 
died leaving a vague will bestowing her 
home on the Catholic Sisters of Lynchburg 
for a school. 

There was no money to run the school 
and there was no such legal organization 
as the Catholic Sisters of Lynchburg, so 
Mount Saint Angelo reverted to her broth- 


Sweet Briar College 

Irish Yews at Mount San Angelo 

Courtesy Mr, Reavis 

er. Only negroes lived on the place and 
a negro man, Patrick Galvin, was in charge. 
Once in two or three weeks Dr. Fletcher 
would ride up from Tusculum to give or- 
ders. On one of these trips he died, top- 
pling over on a bed in the "big house". 

The estate went to Mrs. Williams, our 
"Miss Indie", and at her death Mrs. Mary 
Page Newman received a life interest. 

Mrs. Newman came of distinguished an- 
cestry, being the granddaughter of Parson 
Page, who was the grandson of Governor 
Nelson of ^ orktown, of Revolutionary 
fame. A tragic tale is told of her — a love 
stoi-y of other days and other ideals. For 
years her family refused to give their con- 
sent to her marrying a lover who had been 
divorced. When they realized at length 
that there was no happiness for her without 
him the wedding day was named, the house 
built and furnished to the last pin stuck 
into the last pincushion — and the bride- 
groom died. Much later Miss Page met 
Dr. Newinan and became his second wife. 

Thev were living at Mount Saint Angelo 
when plans were being made for the Col- 
lege and a new station was needed which 
would be nearer than Cool Well. The 
Board of Trustees decided on the place 

where the gate opens from the field to the 
railroad track, on the way to the Barretts. 
The road was to run straight across and 
go in front of the buildings. Mrs. New- 
man was horrified at the idea of building 
a station on her property. They then of- 
fered ten thousand dollars for her life in- 
terest. She refused so they built the pres- 
ent station, with the road coming through 
the woods and in just one year Mrs. New- 
man died and Mount Saint Angelo was 
added to the College holdings. 

Dr. J. :\[. :\lcBryde. President of V. P. I., 
was Chairman of the Executive Committee 
of the Board of Directors. Everyone hoped 
that he was going to resign from \'. P. I., 
which he had built up into a big and suc- 
cessful college, and become the first presi- 
dent of Sweet Briar. At his request Mount 
Saint Angelo was remodelled to be used as 
the President's House. It became a very 
large and imposing red brick structure, 
with a porch running around two sides and 
colonial pillars reaching to the roof. Then 
Dr. McBryde resigned from the Executive 
Coimnittee. The College opened with its 
thirty-six pioneers and a much beloved 
woman president. Dr. Mary K. Benedict, 
and Mount Saint Angelo remained empty. 
In those first days when Mrs. Williams' 

Alumnae News 


Courtesy Mr. Reavis 

Boxwood at Mount San Angelo 

Another View of Yews at Moimt San Ano;elo 

Courtesy Mr. Reavis 


Sweet Briar College 

coach, lined with pink brocaded satin, still 
stood in the barn; when it was an all day 
trip to Lynchburg and an all afternoon trip 
to Amherst; it was a pleasant thing to walk 
across the Cow Hill to explore the beautiful 
grounds around the lonely house. 

Then in May, 1909, an Englishman, Dr. 
George E. Walker, moved up with his 
family from Florida and almost at once 
Mount Saint Angelo became the social 
centre of Sweet Briar. There was an At 
Home once a week for girls, once a week 
for faculty. Everybody was sometimes 
asked for dinner. Thanksgiving was the 
big event, with a huge bonfire laid on the 
hillside and some lucky girl invited to light 
it — a high honor like christening a vessel. 
When the flames came leaping up Dr. 
Walker, playing his flute, would lead the 
long line of marchers. Then to the same 
music they all took hands and circled the 
fire around and around. There would be 
games in the blazing light and the flicker- 
ing shadows, then cocoa and cakes and 
tarts and ghost stories before the entire 
college walked home together, singing 
across the fields. Two daughters of the 
house were married in Ascension Church 

in Amherst, the family taking communion 
afterwards with the bride and groom in the 
English fashion. There were receptions in 
the big parlors and glorious iced wedding 
cakes in the dining-room. A funeral party 
of devoted friends, all on foot, followed 
Dr. Walker's body when it was carried 
across the beautiful lawn to its burial in 
the small private graveyard. The family 
moved to a smaller place on the other side 
of the road to Lynchburg and Mr. Albert 
Barrow became the new owner. 

Mr. Barrow was at the head of a chain 
of overall factories and his recreation was 
big game hunting. He made a lake and 
stocked it with fish and bought up hundreds 
of acres of land for a game preserve. 
Wliat had been the Walker's Music Room 
became a den with bear skins on the floor, 
heads of deer and mountain sheep on the 
walls, a stuffed eagle, a tremendous fish. 
Mrs. Barrow planted a sunken garden 
edged with peonies and iris, with a pool 
and water lilies. The place was gay with 
roses. There were beds where columbines 
and gladioli and chrysanthemums followed 
each other in seasonal splendor. The 
lawn was edged with box and everything 

Courtesy Mr. Reavis 

Copper Beech at Mount San Angelo 

Alumnae News 


Courtesy Mr. Reavis 

Boxwood and Sunken Garden at Mount San Angelo 

The Lake at Mount San Anaelo — Blue Ridse Mountains in Distance 


Sweet Briar College 

was pruned and trimmed and beautified. 
Fences looped across the hillside. Then 
Mr. Barrow's business called him to the 
West and once more the place was on the 

Early last Summer a newspaper man, a 
cosmopolitan Missourian married to an 
artist who had already made one beautiful 
home at Saint Cloud, bought the estate. 
On the gate a bronze marker displays the 

name, Mount San Angelo, and the owner, 
H. S. Reavis. Through the trees and the 
pink crepe myrtle there are glimpses of a 
white mansion lovelier than anything that 
has gone before but lineally descended 
from the gray house with the one tall 
tower. A hill and a half from the College 
Sweet Briar airls returnina; for 1932-1933 
have waiting for them a new thrill, a new 
surprise, a white mansion. 

■ Courtesy Mr, Reavis 

Mount San Angelo — Home of Mr. and Mrs. Holland S. Reavis 

Alumnae News 


The Modern Novel 

By Carl Y. Connor 

(Editor's Note — Part of a recent lecture by Dr. Connor, head of the English Department, to 
the Woman's Club of Lynchburg.) 

IN discussing the modem novel, one is 
immediately led to inquire what is 
"modern"? Certainly for my purposes 
I should rather not say "contemporary" 
for some of the features of the modern 
novel have been in existence long before 
this century began. In vigour of thought 
and freedom from convention several 
books might be regarded as outposts of 
the moderns. For instance, Thomas 
Hardy's "Tess of the D'Urbervilles" 
(1890), is modern in its protest against 
a lover himself not guiltless who turns 
against his wife because on their wedding 
night she confesses her past. In "Esther 
Waters" (1894), George Moore violated 
convention by his story of the love affairs 
of a servant girl in surroundings of life 
below stairs. Samuel Butler's "Way of All 
Flesh" published in 1903 but written long 
before, is full of jibes at the inconsisten- 
cies of current child-rearing, church-going, 
education, and social service by a writer 
who referred to his "kind but dishonest 
parents," who is said to have produced 
"not an exposition but an exposure of 
humanity" and who has been called "the 
Diogenes of the Victorians." In 1913 with 
the publication of "Sons and Lovers" by 
D. H. Lawrence appeared one of the first 
"psychological" novels. Readers seldom 
fail to be impressed in this story by the 
searching sincerity of the author as he 
tells the autobiographical narrative of the 
miner's son who turned from his brutal 
uneducated father to the companionship 
of his mother and who finds there his am- 
bition so fostered and his love kindled that 
his relationship with other women is ac- 
tually blighted even after she has died. 
And finally with the appearance in 1915 
of Dorothy Richardson's "Pointed Roofs," 
written in a style of introspective impres- 
sionism we have one of the earliest of the 
"stream of consciousness" school. 

Since the publication of these books 
from 1890 to 1915, the modernism of the 
modern novel has gained impetus to a 

surprising degree. No stone has been left 
unturned by the authors to send scurrying 
into the light, the innermost thoughts and 
feelings of human beings who are often as 
not hypocondriac, diseased or perverted. 
And no trick has been left untried to make 
the English language adequately expressive 
of queer characters and twilight moods. In 
the Morse code of modern prose there are 
fewer dots than dashes — dashes which im- 
ply all sorts of interruptions, disconnec- 
tions, sudden shifts to other ideas, to con- 
trasting moods and to incongruous places. 
I confess to being quite nonplussed some- 
times in the middle of one of these newer 
pages. There I stand bewildered by the 
last leap, deserted by syntax, bereft of 
punctuation, verbless and alone. 

But, you say, these are only the vagaries 
of literature; thought and expression, 
whether or not they flow in the stream of 
consciousness continue unimpeded by or- 
dinary fads. Perhaps. But one can never 
be sure in a world which tears down its 
skyscrapers every twenty-live years, sends 
the music of Schoenberg by radio half way 
round the world, and declares the British 
Empire to be tottering to its fall. In such 
a world one casts a lingering glance back- 
ward at the honest craftsmanship of Thack- 
ery and the clear solidity of Matthew Ar- 
nold's prose. 

It is obvious therefore that today we live 
in a transitional period. In music there 
are experimenters but no masters. Can you 
think of a single contemporary artist, paint- 
ing with the authority of a Gainsborough? 
In letters this is also true, though the pres- 
ence of O'Neill in America and Shaw in 
England helps to redeem the drama from 
mediocrity. At best therefore, we can trace 
only tendencies and draw a long bow in 
forecasting what may be the novel of the 

The first of a half dozen tendencies 
which I have in mind, is the trend from 
the objective to the subjective. I need only 
place side by side the writings of Thackery 


Sweet Briar College 

and Katharine Mansfield to make this clear. 
In him you have a large group of charac- 
ters viewed from the outside in their rela- 
tionship to the life and customs of Napo- 
leonic England. In her you have the inner 
drama which takes place in a child prepar- 
ing for so seemingly simple an event as an 
English garden party. This tendency is 
also well illustrated in the restricted time, 
space and characters of Swinnerton's "Noc- 

A second tendency exemplified in George 
Eliot and Rosamond Lehman is from the 
conclusive to the inconclusive. The world 
of Silas Marner is an ordered one whatever 
departures its characters may make from 
the norm and in it poetic justice is meted 
out at the end. Most modern novels at- 
tempt no solution to the riddle of life. 
Miss Lehman, for instance, gave us a 
"Dusty Answer." We go back to Thomas 
Hardy as a pre-war preacher of this liter- 
ary agnosticism and since then the charac- 
ters of Ernest Hemingway, Scott Fitzgerald, 
Aldous Huxley, and many others have been 
without a god, by which I mean not so 
much Deity as a guiding principle in life 
or a consciousness that whatever the per- 
sonal creed, life is not unordered. 

In keeping with such a tendency is a 
third, from the idealistic to the scientific 
so glaringly illustrated in the modern ten- 
dencies in biography. In the past the pro- 
phets, priests and kings grew greater in 
books. Now Washington, Lincoln, Queen 
Victoria, Elizabeth, Dickens, have all had 
turned upon them the search light of the 
modern biographer who fortified as he is 
with great facilities for research, with few 
inhibitions, a little psychology and a pub- 
lic interested in Actionized biography, pre- 
sents a formidable figure to those great 
ones who even before their deaths must see 
themselves in Downing Street Mirrors or 
be thrust perforce upon a Washington 

The fourth tendency is to me one of the 
most stimulating features of modern litera- 
ture, the trend from the tried to the untried. 
Many writers have freshness in their day 
but if one contrasts the work of Scott with 
that of James Joyce, Stella Benson, or Vir- 
ginia Woolf one is struck by the daring of 
some of these modern writers. Mr. Joyce's 
enormous "Ulysses" is, as you know, the 
account of a single twenty-four hours in 

the life of Stephen Dedalus, and its last 
chapter, guiltless of punctuation, purports 
to be the thoughts of the vigorous Marion 
Bloom written in that unselective manner 
which we now characterize as the "stream 
of consciousness," and which strives to be 
a sort of stenographic discourse of Marion 
with herself. In "Mrs. Dalloway," Vir- 
ginia Woolf gives us even less than twenty- 
four hours with her heroine but in that 
time we have penetrated with extraordinary 
insight into the life and mind of a London 
hostess. Meeting her buying flowers in a 
London shop, we follow her home, meet 
her husband and her friends, flit discon- 
certingly to a park bench to observe one 
Septimus Smith, a demented individual 
seen through the mind of his Italian wife, 
and are presently back again to be present 
at Mrs. Dalloway 's evening party. This is 
not so unusual in plot, though its brevity 
is modern, as in manner. "Life" for Mrs. 
Woolf is "a luminous halo, a semi-trans- 
parent envelope surrounding us from the 
beginning of consciousness to the end." 
To convey but not destroy that luminosity 
is her task. In her you see how a writer 
given a flexible medium can travel far and 
rapidly into those fields of consciousness 
hitherto remote in literature, but probably 
more significant than we have ever thought. 
The fifth tendency is one that is so ob- 
vious that it cannot be ignored — from the 
asexual to the sexual. Now it needed no 
Freud to point out to us the importance of 
sex in life. The writers have been con- 
scious of this for so long that I protest 
that they have harped upon the theme to 
the point of monotony. Remove the rela- 
tionship of the sexes from the literature of 
any period and what is left? Beowulf re- 
mains intact, but Chaucer suffers greatly, 
Spenser exists in remnants, and Shakes- 
peare is no more. In the 18th century it 
underlay novel and drama and the 19th 
century was as sex-conscious as any other 
though it would not admit it. It has re- 
mained for the 20tli century, however, to 
perpetrate a reaction from the Victorian 
reticence so ably characterized by a later 
writer as the "obscene hush" which then 
prevailed. Of course it is natural that in 
a period during and following the war, 
traditional restraint should break down, 
and that this should be reflected in its liter- 
ature. But even that would not seem to 

Alumnae News 


account for the pre-occupation with sex 
noticeable in writers like James Joyce, 
D. H. Lawrence, Sherwood Anderson, and 
William Faulkner. 

The sixth and last tendency is that from 
limited races and social strata to a litera- 
ture which is polyglot. It includes the 
negro, the natives of the South Seas, the 
racketeer, the small town loafer, tlie Rus- 
sian refugee or the patients in a mountain 
sanatorium or of a fashionable physician 
in Paris. The negro has ranged from du 
Bose Heywood's "Porgy" in Charleston, 
to Carl Van Vechten's Harlem "Nigger 
Heaven." The realistic treatment of Jo- 
seph Howe's earl)r "Sketches of a Country 
Town" has been carried on to Sherwood 
Anderson's "Winesburg, Ohio." Martha 
Ostenso's "Wild Geese" and Rolvaag's 
"Giants in the Earth" have portrayed life 
on western prairies. And of the many 
novels which have described city life, one 
of the most notable is John Dos Passes' 
"Manhattan Transfer." 

Summing up these tendencies, therefore, 
I should say that the modern novel has 
moved in the direction of a detailed, in- 
trospective, scientific treatment of character 
rather than of situation. These characters 
are wide in range and frequently unusual 
in nature, and require skilled observation, 
their very unusualness placing additional 
obligations on the writers if they are to 
have a universality of appeal. This has 
resulted in an awareness and intensity of 
interest by modern v^rriters. They write 
trickily, perhaps, but not perfunctorily and 
their styles are stimulating exercises in the 
experimental. Wliere they lose most, per- 
haps, is in their failing to express any 
philosophy of life or to supply not only 
interest but inspiration to the great body 
of readers who look to literature not mere- 
ly as a means of escape but as an inspira- 
tion to living. 

And now I am moved to ask certain 
questions. What will the readers of the 
21st century say about our novels? Which 
will they read as the best commentary oh 
modern men, women, and scenes? The 
answer need not necessarily be a list of 
books great in their own right as well as 
expressive of their times, though often as 
in the case of Dickens, Austen and Thack- 
ery, this is true. 

An even better example is Somerset 
Maugham's "Of Human Bondage." Since 
its appearance in 1915 this novel has grown 
slowly but surely in popularity. With 
more vividness than Butler, Maugham car- 
ries his reader through the life of his club- 
footed hero. There are a hundred speak- 
ing characters in this book. One is initi- 
ated into life in a village rectory, a German 
pension, the ateliers of Paris, the long 
wards of an English hospital and the social 
side of a London department store. And 
it treats of art, medicine, philosophy, re- 
ligion, labor and money in a way as stimu- 
lating today as when it first appeared. 

Similarly, future readers with an eye to 
setting as well as plot, will turn to "The 
Old Wives' Tale" of Arnold Bennet. There 
the industrial England of the Five Towns 
and, with less emphasis, Paris of the Siege, 
are preserved eternally in the life-stories 
of two sisters, Constance and Sophia, the 
dissimilar daughters of John Baynes, pro- 
prietor of the best draper's establishment 
in Bursley's St. Luke's Square. During the 
sweeping progress of the story, which is 
the most realistic jumble of momentous and 
irrelevant happenings, Constance marries 
her father's head clerk and succeeds her 
mother as housekeeper in the rooms above 
the store. The spirited Sophia meanwhile 
has run away with a traveling salesman 
from whom she separates in Paris but there 
establishes a successful pension returning 
in later life to share with her sister the 
quarters in which they grew up as girls. 
Yet the book is far more than a panorama 
of two lives, it is a record in changing 
modes of dress, transportation, business 
methods, and industrial conditions set down 
with that unflagging interest in the details 
of human existence characteristic of the 
author of "Imperial Palace." 

Next, among English writers likely to 
survive as writers of sociological interest, 
one must mention tlie creator of the For- 
syte Saga, John Galsworthy. To be sure 
he may go the way of the once popular 
Mrs. Humphrey Ward, but I am inclined 
to think that there is a permanence to tlie 
characters of Soames Forsyte and Aimette 
and Fleur and that life in the town and 
country houses of that family is very close- 
ly identified with that of tlie actual England 
of the early nineteen hundreds. 


Sweet Briar College 

One novel which I think may last is 
Samuel Butler's "Way of All Flesh." It 
is the story of a boy raised over-severely 
by well-meaning parents, who though he is 
befriended by a wealthy and enlightened 
aunt, is permanently embittered by his ex- 
periences. It is not the plot but the re- 
marks of the cool ironic author on the 
current mental stupor in religion, educa- 
tion, science and domestic life which makes 
this novel a keen though biased critique of 
its times. 

I am tempted to include Joseph Conrad 
and H. G. Wells as modern novelists who 
will be read by future generations inter- 
ested in our affairs, but Conrad will survive 
as the artist rather than as the sociologist, 
and stimulating as Wells has been to his 
own time, his haste and his very timeliness 
may militate against him as a novelist like- 
ly to withstand the years. Of Wells it has 
been wittily remarked that like Rosetti's 
"Blessed Damozel" he leans from heaven's 
golden bar dispensing sociological cock- 
tails to a thirsty universe. And it is true 
that there is about his writing, to be sure, 
something of the temporary stimulus of 
the cocktail. 

And what shall we say of America? 
Who is the real American in fiction — 
Babbit or Ethan Frome, Antonia or Sister 
Carrie, Alice Adams or the heroine of 
"Barren Ground"? 

I suppose that Theodore Dreiser in his 
"American Tragedy" has attempted the 
most thorough-going treatment of a section 
of the American scene. Its industrialism, 
its class distinctions, its administration of 
law are there earnestly set down but with 
such abiuidant detail and such unselective 
heaviness of manner that as a work of art 
it falls short of standards of permanence. 

Sinclair Lewis, on the other hand, has 
written with the jaundiced eye of a con- 
genital satirist. Where Mr. Dreiser has 
been imiformly dull, Mr. Lewis has been 
consistently perverse. We were a little dis- 
turbed at the European award of the Nobel 
prize to the author of "Main Street," lest 
Europe think we were all like that. The 
reason for our discomfort is apparent. We 
are enough like that to give Mr. Lewis good 
grounds for writing as he does and he more 
than any other living American novelist 
has defined Americanism albeit in negative 
and none too complimentary terms. 

And now I draw toward the conclusion 
of tliis glancing view of modern fiction by 
asking the question: "vVnd what of the un- 
published and perhaps unwritten novels of 
the future?" 

We waited for years for Bernard Shaw 
to leave off satiric persiflage long enough 
to write a play worthy of his dramatic 
sense, his intellect, especially his imagi- 
nation. The result was "Saint Joan." We 
have waited in vain for James Branch 
Cabell to escape from the rarified though 
delightful atmosphere of Poictesme where 
his hypnotic intellect and literary leger- 
demain has cast a spell over himself and 
us. Under that spell we have been bliss- 
fully imaginuig that life, seen from our 
sophisticated heights, is given over to an 
amused contemplation of a foolish, over- 
romantic hmnanity and to the agile avoid- 
ance of the heavy-footed Mr. Sumners. 
But we have waited for Mr. Cabell thus 
far, in vain. 

In England it seems unlikely that Mr. 
Galsworthy will write anjiiing better than 
his "Forsyte Saga," that Hugh Walpole 
will improve on "The Green Mirror," or 
that Somerset Maugham's "Of Human 
Bondage" is not his masterpiece. I am 
reluctant to concede that the genius of 
Aldous Huxley is apparently to be forever 
displayed in the tangled skein of his 
"Crome Yellow" and that his clever fingers 
running over the keys of "Point Counter- 
point" result only in a macabre toccata 
on human life with Galuppi's "dust and 
ashes" theme. 

In this country, it begins to look as if 
Sherwood Anderson has made his contri- 
butions to American literature in "Wines- 
burg, Ohio" and "Many Marriages." 
Theodore Dreiser cannot now hope to rid 
himself of that essential ugliness which 
makes his books ponderous, unsubtle and 
unsublime. Among women writers con- 
tinuing along established lines are Doro- 
thy Canfield Fisher, Ellen Glasa;ow, Kath- 
leen Norris, Mrs. Sedgivick, Edith Wharton 
and Gertrude Adierton. But in "Death 
Comes For the Archbishop" Willa Gather 
produced something out of the ordinary, 
and we await in her more than in any 
other American woman novelist further 
manifestations of the realism, detachment, 

(Turn to Page 38) 

Alumnae News 


Conning the Campaign 

By Perry Laukhuff 
Instructor in Government 

ONCE again the country is in the 
midst of a presidential campaign. 
Xo intelligent person in a democ- 
racy can afford to remain aloof from such 
a campaign. That being so, there need be 
no excuses made for the appearance of 
this article in a publication of this sort. 
It is another welcome and encouraging 
indication of the new and increasing in- 
terest being taken bv college-trained peo- 
ple — who we assume are sijTionomously 
intelligent people — in public affairs. It is 
now even more than usually appropriate, 
one might go so far as to say it is impera- 
tive, that thoughtful citizens follow closely 
the course of events political, for no other 
campaign in twelve years has so vividly 
revealed tlie gravity of the national and 
world situation. Indeed the writer is one 
of those who, taking a broad view, feel that 
we are now in the midst of a prolonged 
period of crisis in world history, a crisis 
which, if not promptly and vigorously met 
bv the best efforts of the human intellect, 
will inevitablv resolve itself into disaster. 
It is a crisis in human organization: and 
therefore in government, which is the great- 
est human organization. Need more be 
said to indicate the transcendent import- 
ance of paying the closest attention to this 
presidential campaign and the issues it de- 
velops? Or it may be tliat tlie significant 
thing will be a striking lack of issues, with 
a resultant national conviction of the neces- 
sit}^ of a political reorganization. 

Very likely this article ^vill answer few 
of the questions of deeper significance: 
certainly it will not answer all questions 
which must be milling around in the minds 
of its readers. From the nature of things 
it can be little more than an impartial sur- 
vey of events. The editor, in requesting 
the writer to review the campaign, enjoined 
strict non-partisanship and thereby set a 
task which would probably make even 
\\ alter Lippman or Frank Kent less eager 
to write his daily colunm. For the spice 
of political comment lies in those flashes 
of critical partisanship which so humanly 

illumine such discussions. Nevertlieless. I 
shall do my best. Perhaps I shall be able 
to conceal my real feelings as successfully 
as in my classes, where the Republicans 
believe me to be firmly attached to the 
G. 0. P., the Democrats are certain I am 
a pure Jeffersonian and the few Socialists 
rejoice in my Marxian outlook. (There 
are no Communists to call me "Com- 
rade" ! ) 

The campaign opened with the usual 
June conventions of the two major parties 
— no one has ever satisfactorily explained 
why conventions must be held more than 
four months before election day. The 
Socialist convention was held earlier and 
that of the League lor Independent Politi- 
cal Action later, but they do not have much 
to do widi opening the Campaign. In these 
da3-s of the radio, die conventions are open 
to everyone; so that little need be said 
about them. In brief, as circuses they were 
as worthwhile as ever: as Americanisms as 
amazing; to foreigners as ever; as demo- 
cratic institutions and political bodies mak- 
ing great decisions as non-existant and dis- 
couraging to the political scientist as ever 
and as part of our political life as accept- 
able to the people as usual: they will re- 
assemble four years hence! 

The Republican convention was the more 
uninteresting of the two, because the more 
cut-and-dried. Naturally this was so. The 
candidate had to be Mr. Hoover — any otlier 
choice would have been a confession of 
failure and contrary to all precedent. The 
platform similarly was made to fit the 
candidate and except for the unsuccessful 
flare-up against the plank on the liquor 
question was accepted in docile fashion by 
the delegates. The first of several prece- 
dent-breaking events of this political sea- 
son was the renomination of Mr. Curtis. 
Vice-Presidents seldom or never are chosen 
to run a second time. 

The Democrats, meeting two weeks later, 
confirmed most advance predictions by 
choosing Franklin D. Roosevelt, Governor 
of New York, as their nominee. What 


Sweet Briar College 

might have been a long deadlock was re- 
solved into an overwhelming victory by 
Mr. McAdoo's accession to the New York- 
er's camp and the inevitable anti-climax 
was Mr. Garner's choice as the Vice-Presi- 
dential nominee. Mr. Roosevelt's victory, 
while expected, was received by the Con- 
vention and the country with a noticeable 
lack of enthusiasm; the result of which is 
a campaign in sharp contrast to that of 
1928 when the almost frenzied devotion of 
Mr. Smith's admirers lent certain definite 
characteristics to tlie battle. 

The Democratic convention, being a 
gathering of the "outs" with no dominating 
leadership, was naturally less well-disci- 
plined, and less inclined to follow pre- 
arranged plans. Nevertheless, more har- 
mony prevailed than is usual in such gath- 
erings. Two more precedents were broken. 
A short, very short, platform was adopted, 
and it is heartily to be hoped that the cus- 
tom thus happily begun may be continued 
for the benefit of a long-suffering people. 
The document omits most of the usual 
carping criticism and self-gratulation, and 
presents the party's position in short, con- 
cise, for the most part easily understood 
planks. It is a courageous step in the 
direction of platforms which will express 
rather than conceal issues and attitudes. 
The second sensible departure from tradi- 
tion was Mr. Roosevelt's appearance at the 
Stadium to accept the nomination. Why 
waste time and money on expensive "noti- 
fication" ceremonies weeks after the event? 

Despite the early start which was thus 
given to the Campaign, its subsequent 
course has been about like that of former 
races. During the summer, our political 
somnolence was scarcely disturbed despite 
some exploratory foravs into New England 
by the Democratic nominee, his speeches 
at Sea Girt and Coliunbus and the Presi- 
dent's acceptance speech in August. All 
these were mere simmerings; the pot is 
only now beginning to boil, with Governor 
Roosevelt's western tour and President 
Hoover's approaching speaking campaign. 

What of the issues which have been de- 
veloped thus far? It seems to many ob- 
servers that they are painfully few. I say 
painfully, because of all times in our his- 
tory when an election should be fought out 
on clear-cut specific points of difference, 
when definite choices between this road or 

that should be given to the people, this 
would seem to be the most appropriate. 
Yet almost the only real choice before the 
electorate is that of keeping the "ins" or 
putting in the '"outs". It is the most un- 
mistakable sign of the artificiality and de- 
cadence of our present political line-up 
and division. The sooner that fact sinks 
home generally to the minds of the masses 
of cur people the better it will be. 

In this connection we can first of all 
dispose of the Socialists. As usual they 
are a negligible quantity as far as having 
any chance of success goes. Their candi- 
date is again Mr. Norman Thomas, whom 
some alumnae will doubtless remember 
from his visit to Sweet Briar two years ago. 
He is a former minister and editor, and is 
at present the Director of the League for 
Industrial Democracy. He is not a novice 
at the "great game" of politics, having 
previously aspired to the Presidency, the 
Governorship of New York, Congress, and 
the Mayorship of New York City — always 

Without going into details, which space 
forbids, we may say that the Socialist pro- 
gram differs fundamentally from that of 
the two major parties. It believes a new 
political alignment of Conservatives and 
Socialists is needed, and its general cry is 
for industrial reorganization in the direc- 
tion of government operation of the major 
public utilities and government supervised 
planning for all the rest of industry. Such 
a step would, it claims, go far to meet 
the present depression and prevent future 
violent business fluctuations. In the last 
election, the Socialists received only some 
200,000 votes. There are indications that 
its vote will be much larger this year and 
its hope is that several million ballots will 
come its way. It is my belief that the 
concatenation of events is such that we 
shall have to reckon more seriously with 
the Socialists after this election than ever 
before — either as Socialists or as the nu- 
cleus of a new liberal party. 

Certain issues, real and imaginary, have 
developed in the course of the fight between 
the old parties. In the foreign field there 
are practically no differences. Neither 
party favors the League of Nations, both 
favor the World Court, neither favors the 
cancellation of war debts. Mr. Hoover had 
some other things to say about foreign 

Alumnae News 


policy in his acceptance speech; Mr. Roose- 
velt has been largely silent on these mat- 
ters. In other words no issues have been 

Prohibition, that bugaboo of every po- 
litical race for several decades, still rears 
its head and in the popular mind is one of 
the prime points of difference and discus- 
sion. Fortunately it seems likely not to 
obtain a position of overshadowing ' im- 
portance. To the writer the fact that in 
a time of unparalleled economic and social 
distress, the battle over beer should assume 
such prominence is a sign of a dangerous 
weakness in American judgment. However 
that may be, the Democrats stand for out- 
right repeal of the loth Amendment and 
immediate modification of the Volstead 
Law, insofar as the latter is constitutionally 
possible. The Republican Party stands 
committed only to resubmission, while the 
President advances to the point of urging 
a change in the direction of State Control 
with Federal Supervision. 

The main issue, as it appears so far, and 
as is natural and right, appears on the 
question of responsibility and remedies for 
our present distressful economic condition. 
Fundamentally, it is clear, the major par- 
ties take the same view — it is only at a few 
specific points that any real clash is ap- 
parent. President Hoover made much in 
his acceptance speech of his continuing 
belief in the validity of the individualistic 
system. Mr. Roosevelt has several times 
enunciated, more briefly, his own similar 
belief in the necessity of the continuance 
of individual initiative. Both, in other 
words, are opposed to any marked increase 
in state control, though in one instance — 
the question of power production — the New 
York Governor departs in the direction of 
limited Federal ownership and operation 
of a few power projects. 

On the question of the tariff, the G. 0. P. 
remains adamant. It will uphold its high 
tariff policy at all costs. The Democrats 
have reverted mildly to their traditional 
stand and want a "competitive tariff for 
revenue". The persistence of their attacks 
on tlie Hawley-Smoot Tariff indicates that 
the above phrase means a lower tariff; 
how low has not yet been revealed. 

It is rather difficult at this stage of events 
to say more than the above. No amount 

of conning of available material seems to 
yield further issues. Mr. Roosevelt has 
been quite verbal and has spoken on a 
number of subjects. His promises have 
so far been of a quite general nature and 
tlie President has not yet made any reply, 
even of a general nature. Issues, after all, 
are the product of antagonistic views, and 
one man cannot alone express or create 
antagonistic views. Hence, I say, issues 
have not yet been developed out of Roose- 
velt's speeches on farm relief, on the rail- 
roads, and on public utilities. My own 
opinion, as an impartial observer, is that 
no solid or broad issues will develop out 
of these speeches. Considerations of space 
simply forbid extended dissection and dis- 
cussion of the Democratic stand on those 
points but it appears that when all the ir- 
relevant criticisms and generalities (which 
seem inevitable in political speeches ) are 
eliminated, the party's candidate takes a 
position in favor of government aid and 
encouragement for the suffering railways, 
lower taxes for the farmer, and regulation 
of power as a public utility — a position 
somewhat more precise than but not ap- 
parently very different from that of his 
opponent, judging from past statements 
and actions of the latter. 

If the writer has possibly been unsatis- 
factory on the issues, he will most certainly 
be unsatisfactory on the outcome. Cam- 
paign managers bandy claims about with 
their usual shameless abandon. The race 
seems any body's at present — referring to 
Roosevelt and Hoover as any body. 
The Vice-President perambulates uselessly 
about the country while the Speaker belies 
his title daily in an unexpected but wel- 
come silence which reflects great credit on 
the sagacity of party headquarters. As for 
Maurer, the Socialist understudy, he seems 
virtually as harmless as poor Throttlebot- 
tom in the musical comedy, "Of Thee I 

Meanwhile newspaper polls are all the 
rage and the Literary Digest moves pon- 
derously into quadrennial action. On the 
face of these early straws, the revolt 
against the present regime seems great and 
general. He would be a rash man, how- 
ever, who would do more in mid-September 

(Turn to page 36) 


Sweet Briar College 

You and Your Government by Radio 

Two series of broadcasts, Pre-Election 
and Post-Election, are being present- 
ed by the Committee on Civic Educa- 
tion by Radio, of the National Advisory 
Council on Radio in Education and the 
American Political Science Association. 
Mr. Levering Tyson, Director of the Na- 
tional Advisory Council on Radio in Edu- 
cation says: "I can assure you of the au- 
thentic nature of the whole series. There 
is no propaganda anywhere. No one will 
attempt to plead causes, and no one has 
any axe to grind. We are merely trying 
to help lick the depression. The American 
Political Science Association, as you un- 
doubtedly know, is the foremost organiza- 
tion of political scientists in the country. 
The Council is entirely non-partisan, un- 
biased and disinterested." 

The broadcasts are scheduled for each 
Tuesday evening, at eight o'clock Eastern 
Standard Time, over the Blue Network of 
the National Broadcasting Company. 

The subiects for the Pre-Election Series, 
as follows: 

October 4 


DR. CHARLES A. BEARD, Historian 

Octolier 11 


PRES. JOHN T. MADDEN, Alexander Hamilton 

PROF. WALTER F. DODD, Tale UniTersity 

October 18 


PAUL MAZUR, Partner, Lehman Brothers, New Tork 
PROF. A. W. MacMAHON, Columbia University 

October 25 


PROF. A. N. HOLCOMBE, Harvard University 

November 1 


PROF. CHAS. E. MERRIAM, University of Chicago 

The subjects for the Post-Election Series, 

November 15 



Municipal League 
PROF. A. E. H.\TTON, Northwestern University 

(A summary of the report of the Committee on 

Constructive Economy of the National Mu- 

nicipal League) 

November 22 


PROF. THOMAS H. REED, University of Michigan 
HOWARD P. JONES, National Municipal League 
PROP. GEORGE S. COUNTS, Columbia University 

November 29 


PROF. PAUL W. WAGER, University of North 

HON. O. MAX GARDNER, Governor of North Carolina 
HON. H.UJRY F. BYRD, former Governor of Virginia 

December 6 


PROF. ARTHUR W. BROMAGE, University o-f 

PROF. LEONARD D. WHITE, University of Cliicago 
DR. LENT D. UPSON. Detroit Bureau of 

Governmental Research 

December 13 


DR. LUTHER GULICK, Institute of Public 

PROF. HARLEY L. LUTZ, Princeton University 
DR. RUSSELL FORBES, National Municipal League 

December 20 


CARL H. CHATTERS. Municipal Finance Officers- 

C. E. RIGHTOR, Detroit Bureau of Government 

HENKY HART, Pres., Michigan Municipal 
Advisory Council 

December 27 


DR. W. P. WILLOUGHBT, Brookings Institution 

DEAN ISIDOR LOEB, Washington University 

Alumnae News 


Sweet Briar China 

" Tea, thou soft, Ihou sober, 
sage, and venerable liquid — thou 
Female tongue-running, smile- 
smoothing, heart-opening, wink- 
typling cordial, to whose glorious 
insipidity I owe the happiest mo- 
ment of my life." Colley Cibber: 
Lady's Last Stake, Act I, Scene 1 . 

"I have an almost feminine partiality for old china I " Charles Lamb: Old China. 





130 EAST 57th STREET 
at Lexington Ave. 

Plaza 3-8841 

Rates— $10 to S22 

Luncheon, 50c 

Dinner, 75c and $1.00 


38th ST. & MADISON AVE. 

Fraternity Clubs Building 

CAledonia 5-3700 

Luncheon, 65c and 75c 

Dinner, 75c and $1.00 

Also a la Carte 


143 EAST 39th STREET 
East of Lexington Ave. 

AShland 4-0460 
302 WEST 22d STREET 

CHelsea 3-6454 


Managing Director 

DIFFERENT . . . individual . . . thoroughly of New York 
. . . utterly unlike any other mode of living, the Allerton 
Houses offer the ideal combination of home and club life. 

Here are the fellowship and facilities of the finest club 
. . . rest and reading rooms, gymnasia, game rooms, solaria, 
tea dances . . . and at rates adjusted to present day, common 
sense standards. You share all these privileges — pay only for 
your room I 

The locations were selected with extreme care for con- 
venience, accessibility and desirability. You live in the re- 
stricted East Side District, where you can stroll in comfort to 
midtown business and social activities. 

If you desire to maintain a high standard of living, with- 
out maintaining high expenses, find out today what the Aller- 
tons have for you. 

Inspect the Allertons. Note their advantages. Discover 
for yourself the economy and desirability of Allerton living. 

Rates, $10.00 to $22.00 W&ekly 



Alumnae News 


Campus News 

Under the Foreign Study Group of the 
University of Delaware, Miss Delia Ann 
Taylor of Kansas City, Missouri, will 
spend her junior year at the University of 
Munich and will return to Sweet Briar next 
fall for her senior year. 

Sweet Briar continues this year the ar- 
rangement which it has had with the In- 
stitute of International Education of ac- 
cepting a foreign student who has com- 
pleted some part of her university course. 
Two French students have come in the past 
two years. This September the college 
will have a German student, Fraulein Kate 
D. Strauss of Berlin-Dahlem, who has com- 
pleted one year's work at Frederich-Wil- 
helm Universitat, Berlin. 

Following a plan suggested last year by 
President Glass to further opportunities 
for self support among students, there are 
now twenty student waitresses serving in 
Reid refectory. 

Beginning this fall the Alumnae Office 
is rendering a new service to the Sweet 
Briar alumnae of Lynchburg. Notices of 
lectures and concerts will be sent to every 
member of the Association living in Lynch- 

The private residence of Miss Ethel 
Ramage, a member of the staff of the Eng- 
lish Department, which is being built on 
college property, is the center of building 
interest this fall. The house is located 
next to the one owned by Dr. Marion Bene- 
dict, Associate Professor of Biblical Liter- 
ature, and is of Georgian style. 

The major improvement that was com- 
pleted this summer was placing luider- 
ground electric light wires which pass be- 
hind Manson to Academic. This has elim- 
inated seven poles and fifty overhead lines. 
Another improvement is a six inch water 
main, replacing a one and one-half inch 
line, which was extended about five hun- 
dred feet north of the music building. 

Gray and Carson dormitories were re- 
conditioned and painted both inside and 
out. Additional weather-stripping was 
added to Carson and also to the north and 
west sides of the Infirmary. 

Apartment House No. 1 was completely 
overhauled and repaired, and water lines 
which were in bad condition, were repiped 
in the house. 

Three of the Faculty Houses had the 
interiors redecorated, and all the buildings 
were checked for minor repairs. 

The two parlors in Randolph have new 
upholstered furniture in shades of green 
and rust. 

Much attention has been given to the 
trees this summer. Due to the drought, 
extending over a period of three years, 
some of the oaks have become weakened 
and consequently have suffered from chest- 
nut and oak borers. Steps have been taken 
to remedy this condition as far as is possi- 

The Western LTnion has installed a Sim- 
plex machine in their Western Union Office 
at Sweet Briar. 

A one year's subscription to "The 
Brambler " may be obtained by 
sending $2.50 to Cornelia Mur- 
ray, Brambler Circulation Mana- 
ger, Sweet Briar, Virginia. 

This Ad is aponsor&d b>i the 
Alumnae Association. 

A one year's subscription to "The 
Sweet Briar News " may be ob- 
tained by sending $2.00 to Lois 
Foster, Business Manager, Sweet 
Briar, Virginia. 

This Ad is sponsored by the 
Alumnae Association. 



in college 

or out oi college 

to give your Friends pleasure, to entertain in a way that makes any occasion de- 
lishtful and heart warming is no slight accomplishment. Sweet Briar students 
and alumnae can be assured success as hostesses with the lovely Sweet Briar 
dishes. Fall and winter demand that those comfortable hours about the tea 
table, dinner table, or over cofFee cup: be made pleasurable. To meet this need 
the Sweet Briar border pattern has been applied to tea, aFter dinner coFFee and 
other services. As giFts, individually or collectively, these pieces are most 
delightFul, satisFactory and useFul For any and all occasions. 

The new pieces have the Sweet Briar border 

and plain centres. They are made, as are 

the original plates, by the Royal Cauldon 

Works in England. The lovely Gadroon 

shape has been preserved as well as the AFter Dinner CoFFee Cups 

richly patterned natural floral border. and SaucerS . . $9.50 doz. 

WILL BE AVAILABLE IN Tea Cups and Saucers . 10.00 

MULBERRY, BLUE or GREEN Tea Plates 9.00 " 

Bread and Butter Plates . 7.00 " 
Tea Pot (6 cup) . . . 3.50 ea. 
Cream Pitcher .... 2.00 " 
Sugar Bowl .... 3.00 

Express extra on these items 

Plates, $1 3.00 per dozen. Carriage Prepaid. Dinner Service Size. 

Make checks payable and address orders to 

SWEET BRIAR PLATES, care Alumnae Secretary 




Makers of Sweet Briar Plates 


Brown-Morrison Co. 




2-1-8-3 ^ 2-1-8-4 


Sweet Briar College 

Alumnae Funds — A History 
of Fund Raising 

(Continued from page 13 I 

The experience of the past clearly indi- 
cates that the colleges and universities of 
this country will always be in need of 
funds if they are to continue their progres- 
sive development and keep up with the 
changes in an ever-changing world, and 
it is quite evident that a progressive in- 
stitution must have a continuous fund rais- 
ing policy and program if present and 
future needs are to be adequately provided 
for. The gifts to institutions of higher 
learning in this country will doubtless be 
greater in the next twenty-five years than 
they have been during the quarter century 
just past. 

Conning the Campaign 

(Continued from page 29) 

than predict a sweeping Roosevelt victory 
in South Carolina and a Hoover vote of 
confidence in Vermont. Much can happen 
in six weeks. The campaign maj^ develop 
upon its present aimless lines or new and 
striking issues may arise. Conditions may 
improve or they may get worse. Future 
speeches will aid us in reaching our de- 
cisions and perhaps answer moi"e of our 
questions. The Digest poll will give some 
hint of election day results. In any event, 
whatever may happen in the remainder of 
the campaign, if this potpourri has con- 
tributed in some slight measure to sharpen- 
ing the lines of the picture, it has served 
its purpose — September 28, 1932. 



Sweet !^riar Ufouse 

Ol)e (Tabin 

I3l)e Oak C3ree 



879 Park Avenue Baltimore, Maryland 
On Sale at "i^lumnae Office 

Alumnae News 


Vacation With The Faculty 

Miss Glass spent the last of June and the early 
part of July in New England, returning to Sweet 
Briar for the remainder of the summer. 

Miss Button, who remained at Sweet Briar 
through June, motored to Maine for a month. 
From there she motored to Cleveland where she 
stayed until she returned to the coUige early in 

Mrs. Lill spent her entire summer on campus. 
Admission problems and additional duties inci- 
dent to the inauguration of summer registration 
for new students have demanded her attention 
continually. She will, however, take an extended 
vacation in December. 

Dr. Harley spent the last of June and the 
early part of July at her summer home in Crags- 
moor. She sailed July 18 for England where 
she attended the British Medical Centennial in 
London. Following this meeting she flew to 
Amsterdam going from there to Berlin, Dresden. 
Prague, Vienna, Munich. Bern and then to Paris. 
In many of thtse cities she visited the medical 

Mr. Woithington spent the summer at his camp 
in West Virginia. He has recently accepted the 
invitation of John R. Bacher, director of La 
Fondation des Etats-Unis a la Cite Universitaire, 
to become a representative of the Foundation at 
Sweet Briar. The Foundation is a part of the 
University of Paris, and exists solely in the in- 
terest of the American students in Paris 

Miss McLaws spent the early part of the sum- 
mer in Washington later going to Wytheville. 
where she devoted her time to painting. 

Miss Sparrow spent the greater part of the 
summer in England doing research work at 

Miss Morenus motored to her home in Cleve- 
land, New York, where she spent the summer. 

Miss Ames spent the summer travelling in 
England and Scotland. 

Miss Crawford remained at Sweet Briar until 
August when she left for the north to visit her 
family, later going to Hockey Camp at Mt. Po- 
cono, Pennsylvania. 

Mr. Connor spent most of the summer visiting 
his parents at their home in Ontario, Canada. 

Mr. Scott, accompanied by Mrs. Scctt and 
their two children, spent their summ r motoring 
in the west, visiting Colorado Springs and Estes 
Park, Colorado. 

Mr. Edwards spent most of the vacation at the 
college leaving occasionally for week-end trips 
with Mrs. Edwards and their children. 

Miss Long spent the most of the summer in 
work at the British Museum, and attended the 
Conference of the International Federation of 
University Women held in Edinburgh and the 
Malvern Dramatic Festival. 

Mrs. Raymond spent her third summer at the 
Macdowell Colony at Peterbcrough. New Hamp- 
shire. She devoted most of her time to writing 
reviews and working on the proof of her new 
book "Oliver's Secretary." 

Mr. Finch attended the summer session of the 
Surette School of Music at Concord, Massa- 
chusetts, and then went to New York City for 
special study. 

Miss Eraser spent most of the summer in the 
manuscript divisions of the Harvard Library, 
the New York Library and the University of Vir- 
ginia, w^orking with the Lee manuscripts. She 
has been awarded a Grant-in-Aid for research by 
the Social Science Research Council of America 
and is working in the field of American diplo- 
matic history during the Revolution. 

Miss Benedict spent the summer visitino: her 
parents at their home in northern New York. 

Miss Robinson spent the summer at her home 
in California. Slie made the trip both ways by 
boat, going through the Panama Canal. 

Miss Stochholm sailed immediately after the 
close of college for her home in Copenhagen, 
Denmark, where she remained for the summer 
visiting her family. 

Miss Rogers, accompanied by Miss Maher, 
motored to her home in Kentucky for a short 
visit. They spent some time at Hot Springs, 
Virginia, later going to Hockey Camp, at jMt. 
Pocono, Pennsylvania. 

Miss Beard spent the summer at her home in 
Boone-Mill, Virginia. 

Mr. Hudson, accompanied by Mrs. Hudson and 
their two daughters, drove to Vermont where 
he was a Counselor at Camp Winape-De-Ce-Ca in 
East Charleston. 

Miss Reynolds lingered at Sw'eet Briar until 
early in July when she returned to her home, in 
Baltimore, for the remainder of the summer. 

Mr. Martin spent the summer visiting his 
brother in Baltimore. 

Miss Weaver spent the summer visiting Miss 
Morse at her home in Massachusetts. 

Miss Hague spent a month at Woods Hole, 
Massachusetts, later going into Vermont to ob- 
serve the eclipse of the sun. 

Madam Johnson attended the summer session 
at Johns Hopkins University, where she spent 
much time on her dissertation for her Master's 

Mr. Bennett divided his time between Ann 
Arbor. Michigan, and visiting his family in 
Denver, Colorado. 

Mr. Barker studied at the summer session of 
Columbia University. He and Mrs Barker re- 
mained in New York City until they returned to 
the college early in September. 

Mr. Mangiafico, accompanied by Mrs. Man- 
giafico. motored to New York City where they 
spent the summer. Mr. Mangiafico attended the 
summer session at Columbia University. 

Miss Boone sailed the middle of June to spend 
the summer at her home in Stoke-on-Trent. Eng- 

Mrs. Wailes attended the summer school at 
the University of Virginia. 


Sweet Briar College 

Miss Boudreaux sailed immediately after the 
close of college for a summer of study at the 
Sorbonne, in Paris. 

Miss Pearl, after spending three weeks in 
Toronto, Canada, spent the remainder of the sum- 
mer at her home in St. Johns, Michigan. 

Miss Ramage remained at Sweet Briar to super- 
vise the building of her new home. 

Miss Harpster spent the summer at her home 
in Toledo, Ohio. 

Mr. Laukhuff attended the summer session of 
the Ohio State University at Columbus, Ohio, re- 
turning to his home in Mt. Vernon, Ohio, for the 
remainder of the vacation. 

Miss Moody returned to her home in Rush- 
ville. New York, for the summer. 

Miss Young spent the summer at her home in 
Black Mountain, North Carolina. 

Miss Lomer motored to her home in Montreal, 
Canada, and divided her time between visiting 
her family and taking numerous short trips. 

Miss Steptoe motored to West Virginia to visit 
her brother later returning to spend the remaind- 
er of the summer in Lynchburg. 

Miss Endicott divided her time between visit- 
ing her family in Washington and visiting friends 
in Atlantic City. 

Miss Hale sailed early in July for a summer 
abroad, visiting Ireland, Scotland, England and 

The Modern Novel 

(Continued from Page 26) 

and sympathy which undoubtedly are hers. 

There is one writer, however, who seems 
to me to have been ruled by his own stand- 
ards of excellence, inevitably derivative 
though he is, and who has consciously im- 
proved his art. I refer to Ernest Heming- 
way. From studies of expatriated adoles- 
cents in "The Sun Also Rises" and grip- 
ping short stories like "The Killers" he 
has gone on to issue his "Farewell to 
Arms" — one of the most exciting and sig- 
nificant books of the past decade. It is 
exciting not only for its subject matter but 
for its unexpended power, the nervous 
tension of its phrases, the characterising 
quality of its seemingly casual conversa- 
tions, the descriptions unlabored yet how 
well remembered. It is a significant book 
because Hemingwaj- without going to the 
stylistic extremes of James Joyce has here 
■written prose which is stript, plastic, ex- 
pressive, modern as an Epstein statue. 
And that is why. Hemingway, in spite of 
a pre-occupation with the physiology of 
love, is, to mv mind the most heartening 
American novelist today — not for himself 
alone but for what he may add to the sum 
of American literary progress. 

Compared witli the great figures of the 
past these names seem insignificant. We 
wonder why the Alladin of Inspiration 

does not rub his lamp a little harder to 
make a literary genius grow. Never has 

the world spread at the feet of the novelist 
more interesting material. Changing so- 
cial, political and economic conditions; 
ramifications in psychology; receding 
frontiers of geography and of thought: 
franker words and fewer inhibitions have 
resulted in a state where every prospect 
interests, though it does not please, and 
only ink is vile — or shall we say, a little 
thin. In such a mood we are inclined to 
think that modern novelists are not living 
up to their high calling as crystalizers of 
thought, interpreters of character, creators 
of mood, chroniclers of their times. 

With leisure to read and money to buy 
books, we say: "We are waiting." The 
novelists reply: "Give us time. Time to 
feel and to ruminate: to learn to write, 
possibly in new forms: to live in a world 
free from the insidious commercialism 
which cheapens books. And we want, 
too," I think I hear them say, "most of 
all, a discriminating public — a public 
which is prepared to look at humanity 
and hence itself from new angles: which 
is prepared to read us for something other 
than for entertainment; or for physiologi- 
cal stimulus: or for time-killing: or for 
conversation: or for — lecturing. We will 
try to write intelligently" they say. "Will 
vou try to read and discuss and judge us 
in the same way?" 

Alumnae News 


Class Personals 


Maria Garth Inge spent the summer at their 
summer home on Dog River, Alabama. 

Kathleen Sexton Holmes motored to New York 
City this summer where she spent several weeks. 

Florence Gage White has moved to Mentor, 
Ohio, to live. 


Reunion 1933. 

Eugenia Griffin Burnett stopped at the college 
one day this summer en route to her home in 
Richmond from visiting her mother in Salem, 

Anne Powell Hodgrs has returned to her home 
in Williamsburg after spending some time with 
her brother at his horn? in Bluemnnt. ^'ira;inia. 

Reunion 1933. 



Reunion 19.33. 

May Priddy. ex-'12. spent a day on campus 
early this fall. 


Reunion 1933. 

Sue Salughter has returned to her home after 
spending the summer in England and on the 


Martha Darden Ziezing has been spending a 
month at \ ircinia Beach. She is now visiting in 
Lynchbursr, Virginia. 

Marjorie Johnson Goode, ex-'16, accompanied 
by Mr. Goode and their son, spent part of the 
summer at Cragsmoor in Dr. Harley's house. 

Rachel Forhesh Wood, ex-'16, has moved to 
Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, to live. 

Dorothy Grammer Krauter, ex-"17. spent several 
weeks at Cragsmoor this summer. 

Grace MacBain Ladd, ex-'18, has moved to 
Birmingham, Alabama, to live. 
Elizabeth Eggleston has organized the childr:n 
of Hampden-Sydney into a Players Guild and the 
group is becoming vei7 proficient in the art of 
Puppet Shows. 

Francis Wild Bose has moved to Beverly Hill, 
California, to live. 

Lilias Shepherd is in London where she has 
been studying in the field of sociology, 

Selma Brandt Kress. ex-'22, has moved to Cali- 
fornia to live. 

Reunion 1933. 

Katherine W'eiser Ekelund has a daughter, 
Georgia Katherine, born September 7. 

Mary Wilson Walker has returned to Raleigh, 
North Carolina, to live. 


North Capitol and E Streets, N. W. 


ii^te^^^if*^ ■■■-■ ' 

Holidays are 
d elightful 
occasions at 
the Dodge. 
That is why 
guests return 
9|| again and 
again to 

Thanksgiving and Christmas with its 


Single Rooms, - - $2.00—4.00 |||| 
Double Rooms, - - $4.00—8.00 

Miss Mary A. Lindsley, Manag&r 
Washington's Only " No Tipping" Hotel 

Does Your Annual 

Reflect Credit 

On Your School ? 

By careful planning money can be 
saved and a book of high quality 
produced at reasonable cost. 
School publications are our speci- 
alty, and our artist-engravers will 
be glad to show you the most eco- 
nomical way. 

Nearly 100 books engraved in 1931. 
There must be a reason. Write us 
for particulars. 

Lynchburg Engraving 

Lynchljurg, Virginia 


Sweet Briar College 

Elizabeth Pape has announced her engagement 
to Mr. Fritz Mercur of Bethlehem, Pennsylvania. 

Esther Jack is now Mrs. Emerson V. Arnold 
and has moved to Delaware. Ohio, where Dr. 
Arnold is practicing medicine. 

Mollie Meriwether was married June 1 to Mr. 
Thomas Overton Brooks and has moved to Shreve- 
port. Louisianna, tc> live. She received a Secre- 
tarial Certificate on the day of her Avedding. 

Catherine Baker MacGregor. ex-"25, has a 
daughter, Robin, born, in June. 


Edna Lee Wood has divided her time this sum- 
mer between New York and Boston. She also 
spent two weeks in Kent, Connecticut. 

Kathraiyn Norris Kelley. accompanied by Mr. 
Kelley and their young daughter, spent the later 
part of the summer in Camden. JNIaine. 

Katherine Blount visited Dorothy Bailey Hughes 
this summer at her home in Pittsburgh. Katherine 
is now \vorking at the New York University for 
her M.A. in connection with her work in the 
New York Health Department. 

Martha Close Page spent the summer with her 
parents in Pittsburgh. 

Dorothy Keller motored to Denver, Colorado, 
for several weeks this summer where she visited 
Helen Dunleavy, ex-"26. Dorothy also spent some 
time in Yellowstone Park. 

Margaret White spent the sumrn'r in northern 

Polly Cany Deic Woodson has moved to Low- 
ville. New York, to live. 

Elinor Green Conrad and Mr. Conrad spent 
some time visiting in Pittsburgh this summer. 

^Marion Adams Gore, e-\-"26. has a young son, 
John Adams. The Gores have moved to Boston 
to live. 

Mai-y Stoddard, ex-'26, has been spending the 
summer in Colorado Springs, Colorado, and will 
return to Chicago the first of October. 


Janet MacKain Allen, accompanied by Mr 
Allen, was on campus late in June en rout', by 
motor, to spend some time in Norfolk, Virginia. 

Corneila Wailes. while in Europe this summer 
was entertained by the Lord jNIayor of Salisbuiy. 
wh'n she went there to present him with an in- 
vitation to open the Salisbury. Maryland, bi- 
centennial in .'\ugust. She was on the New \ork 
reception conmaittee, which met him when he 
arrived in New York. 


Reunion 1933. 

Marion Jayne Berguido has a daughter, Jayne, 
born June 6. 

Katherine Brightbill was on campus last week- 
end en route to her home in Pennsylvania. 

Grace Sunderland Kane, accompanied by Amilia 
Woodward, '29, stopped at the college tlie last of 
June, en route to Graces hems in Texas. On 
the way they spent several days with Winifred 
IT'est Madden. 

Katherine Emery spent the summer as a mem- 
ber of a stock company at Chatham, Massa- 

Elizabeth Moore Schilling. ex-'28, has a son, 
George Frederic, bom June 15. 


Nathalie Sidman has announced her engage- 
ment to Mr. Herbert LeRoy Smith, Jr. 

Emilie Giese was married on August 6 to Mr. 
George Denman Martin. 

Charlotte !Marks was married .\ugust 20 to 
Mr. Stanley Greinert Schade. 

Hallet Gubelman. accompanied by Charlotte 
WhinneiT. spent several days on campus en route 
to Asheville. North Carolina, where Hallet will 
spend the winter and Charlotte will visit her be- 
fore returning to her home in Toledo, Ohio. 

Emily Braswell was on campus during the open- 
ing of college this fall. She has just returned 
from a ten months' trip around the world, in- 
cluding in her longer stops China, India and 

Elizabeth Payne, ex-'29, has announced her 
engagement to Mr. Nelson Williams Carter of 
Petersburg, Virginia. 


Harriet Williams was married on June 27 to 
Mr. Richard Nichols Cowell and has moved to 
Boulder, Colorado, to live. 

Lindsay Prentis was manied June 18 to Mr. 
Robert William Woodroofe. Jr.. and has moved 
to Cambridge. Massachusetts to liv?. 

Non'ell Royer will be manied October 8 to 
Mr. John Barbour Orgain. Jr. 

Jan'is Sce'e Gammon has a daughter born re- 

Josephine Reed spent the early summr with 
Ruth Hasson. later going to Colorado Springs. 
Colorado, for the remainder of the summer. 

Ri'th Hasson has returned to h"r home in 
Pittsburgh from visiting Serene Aites Henn', 
ex-'30, at York Harbor, Maine. 

Susan McAllister has moved to Moylan. Penn- 
sylvania, to live. 

Elizabeth McCrady is organizing a kinder- 
garten class to be held at her home during the 

Myra Marshall and her sister Susan '32. have 
moved to Lexington, \irginia, to live. 

Jun' Williams is working in the gift depart- 
ment of one of the large stores in Detroit, 

Gloria Jones Clauss. ex-'30. is spending (he 
mnter in Paris with her mother. 

M rritt Murphy Green, ex-"30- is living in 
Manila. Philippine Islands. 

Elizabeth Thomason Griffin, e.\-"30, has a son, 
James Emory, born August 2. 


Ethel Ware has opened a hat shop in Upper 
Mont Clair. New Jersey. 

Margaret Lee will be married on November 11 
to Mr. Glenn Thompson of Memphis. Tennessee. 

Frances Brian was married on September 16 
to Mr. Ames Bartlett Hettrick and will live in 
Amherst, Virginia. 

Peronne Whittaker and Jean Cole have been 
spending some time on campus recently. Jean 
has divided her time between Sweet Briar and 

Alumnae News 


Lynchburg where she has been the guest of 
Elizabeth Clark. 

Charlotte Kent spent the early summer at 
Beach Haven. New Jersey, later going to Canada 
and then to Big Moose Lake in the Adirondacks. 
She visited Marjorie Miller, "32. before returning 
to her home in Richmond. 

Martha von Briesen is at Radcliffe taking a 
post graduate course. 

Elizabeth Phillips has enrolled in an office 
training course in Memphis. Tennessee. 

Jean Ploehn will return to her home this fall 
in Beattendoi-f, Iowa, after spending a year in 

Nancy Gaines, ex- '31, has announced her en- 
gagement to Mr. Gustave A. Jaeger of White 
Plains, New York. 

Katherine Root Warner, ex- '31, has moved to 
Glendale, Ohio, to live. 


Graduates are cautioned not to store 
diplomas in cedar chests. There is enough 
of the moth-killing ai'omatic oils in the 
average cedar chest to soften inks of any 
kind that might be stored inside them, 
resulting in seriously damaging the 

Reunion 1933. 

Sally Ainsworth is spending the ^vinter at home. 

Virginia Bellamy is taking a business course. 

Henrietta Biyan, Alice Dabney, and Sarah 
Forsyth ^vill all be at home in Charlottesville 
for the winter. 

Courtenay Cochran is taking a business course. 

Elizabeth Doughtie has just returned from a 
trip to Europe and is planning to go to New 
York about October 1. in order to study music. 

Jessie Fisher visited Margaret Bennett this 
summer, and will be in Dallas this winter. 

Constance Fow'ler is planning to work in the 
New Medical Center in New York, and to study 
voice at the same time. 

Eleanor Franke is in New York, taking the 
store course offered by Macy's. 

Mildred Gibbons "will be at home this winter. 

Stuart Groner is also spending the winter at 

Virginia Hall visited Virginia Bellamy in 

Sarah Harrison has returned to her home in 
Birmingham, after spending the summer in Vir- 
ginia. She will make her debut this winter. 

Jane Hays is taking a secretarial course at 
Carnegie Tech. 

Elizabeth Job is planning to go to the Kath- 
erine Gibbs Secretarial School in Boston. 

Irene Kellogg is taking the technician course 
at the University of Virginia Hospital. 

Ruth KeiT is attending the Prince School of 
Store Sendee Education in Boston. 

Marcia Patterson took a course in typing and 
shorthand this summer and is studying G^rmat. 
and a few advanced courses in the classics ai 
Bryni Mawr this fall, as a start towards an M.A 

Sarah Phillips is taking an office training 
course at her home in Memphis, Tennessee. 

Mildred Larimer is taking a business course. 

Anne McRae is studying at Johnt Hopkins 

Charlotte Magoffin will be at home until after 
Christmas and is then planning to enter the 
Columbia School of Journalism. 

Hazel Stamps is working in a bank in Atlanta. 

Betty Allen Magruder is studying to be a 
technician at the University of V^irginia Hospital 

Susan Marshall has moved to Lexington, Vir 
ginia, to live. 

Eleanor Mattingly is taking the technician 
course at the University of Virginia Hospital. 

Marjorie Miller is studying for an M.A. in 
English at Magill Lfniversity in Montreal. She 
Nqsited Betsy Higgins this summer. 

Letha Monns was manied on June 24 to Mr. 
John Wintringer Wood in the Princeton Chapel. 
They are now living in Bloomfield, New Jersey. 

Barbara JMunter sailed for France in August 
and is staying in Tours until the middle of 
October, w'hen she will go to Paris for the rest 
of the winter to study. 

Helen Nightingale is attending the Prince 
School of Store Service Education in Boston. 
Jane Hays visited her this summer. 

Edith Railey is spending the winter at home. 

Ruth Remon Avas abroad all summer, travelling 
in England and on the Continent. 

Frances Sencindiver was married to iMr. William 
Stuart on August 29. 

Sally Shallenberger has moved to Fort Hayes, 
Columbus, Ohio, to live. 

Adelaide Smith is planning to leave the first of 
December for a Mediterranean cruis3 with her 
family, and will probably be over in Europe 
until the last of May. 

Dorothy Smith attended the Oxford Summer 
School for American Women and will be at home 
this winter. 

Virginia Squibb visited Marion Malm and Sue 
Burnett this summer. She is planning to spend 
a month in Neiv' York this fall, and will be at 
home then for the rest of the winter. 

Betty Liber is studying at the Caniegie Library 
School of Carnegie Tech in Pittsburgh. 

Marjorie Ward is taking a secretarial course 
at her home in Wilmington, Delaware. 

Jane White spent the summer in JNIichigan 
and Wisconsin and will be at home this winter. 

Nancy Tucker Wilson will be at home this 

Eleanor Wright has moved to Fort Hayes, 
Columbus. Oliio, to live. 

Elizabeth Claiy, ex-"32, is taking a course in 
Zoology at George Washington University and is 
planning to return to Sweet Briar in February 
to get her degree. 

Julia Coleman, ex-'32, is taking some courses 
at the Art Institute and doing settlement work 
this 'winter. 

Nancy O'Brian, ex-"32, is studying at the Uni- 
versity of Virginia. 

Clarice Hancel, ex-"32, was married August 4 
to Mr. Frederic Harry Sturdy. 


Sweet Briar College 

Marcelle Dominqut, ex'32, was mamed August 
4 in Paris to Monsieure Maurice PeiTot. 


Mary Fendall Clemens is doing volunteer work 
with the Family Welfare Association in Balti- 
more and will graduate from Goucher this year. 

Kathleen Conover is attending Northwestern 

Martha DeLay is attending the University of 

Susanne Gay spent the summer painting in 
her own studio in Redding, Connecticut, and 
plans to study this winter under Kimon Nico- 
laides at the Art Students' League in New York. 

Katherine Gochnauer plans to take up secre- 
tarial work this winter. 

Emma Louise Haller is attending the Uni- 
versity of Pittsburgh. 

Dorothy Hedges is attending Vassar. 

Emma Hills will finish a secretarial course in 
Hartford this winter. 

Patricia Ireland is attending Denison Uni- 
versity at Granville, Ohio. 

Marjorie Kay is attending the L'niversity of 

Margaret McReynolds is attending George 
Washington University. 

Frances Neville will return to the University 
of Texas this year. 

Mary Nelson Neville is attending the Uni- 
versity of Missouri. 

Marion Porter Ure has moved to Jei-sey City, 
New Jersey, to live. 

Anne Spencer is attending the University of 

Nancy Stack will return to Sophie Newcomb 
College this winter. 

Sarah Stewart plans to spend the winter in 
Miami, Florida. 

Jane Taylor is at the Sorbonne in Paris and 
will return to the University of Missouri next 

Ann Watkins is writing a column for the 
Press-Semitar, a Memphis, Tennessee, paper. 

Sarah Ellen Wilson spent the summer at Wis- 
consin University and will attend Vanderbilt this 

Jane Word will be a senior at Barnard College, 
Columbia University, this winter. 

Betty Workman will graduate from the Uni- 
versity of Chattanooga this year. 

Glen Worthington is attending the University 
of Texas. 

Sarah Zoller is returning to Cornell University. 

Kathleen Carmichael has returned to her home 
in Washington, D. C, after spending several 
weeks with Clare West Stark in Norfolk, Vir- 

Elizabeth Taylor spent a week on campus this 


Henrietta Martin Bartlett is in Hanover, New 
Hampshire, with her husband, who is teaching at 
Dartmouth College. 

Marjorie Dexter is now Mrs. Clark and is liv- 
ing in La Grange, Illinois. 

Eleanor Fitch is attending ReseiTC University 
at Cleveland, Ohio. 

Virginia Hall is studying secretarial science at 
Katherine Gibbs in New York City. 

Betty Henningbaum has entered Northwestern 
University at Evanston, Illinois. 

Sallie Josephine Kent is attending the State 
Teachers' College at Farmville, Virginia. 

Jane Morrison spent the summer abroad and 
is at her home in Charlotte, North Carolina, for 
the winter. 

Marian Oliver is taking a secretarial course at 
Katherine Gibbs in New York City. 

Marjorie Thuma is attending University of 

Elvira Cochrane spent the summer in Europe 
and is now attending the University of Alabama 
at Tuscaloosa. 

Katherine Robb is attending De Pauw Uni- 
versity at Greencastle, Indianna. 

Mary L. Higgins is going to school at Ro- 
chester, New York. 

Ella Jane Mertz is attending Carleton College, 
in Northfield, Minnesota. 

Sarah Turner is attending the University of 
Alabama at Tuscaloosa. 

Marjorie Westcott is attending the Grand 
Central Ait School, New York City. 

Mary E. Reif is attending the University of 

Nancy Hotchkiss is attending the University of 

Maiy Frances Hammond is studying costume 
illustration at New York School of Fine and 
Applied Arts until Februaiy; from Februai^ on 
she will attend the Paris Ateliero of the New 
York school. 

Sue Arbenz is attending the University of 
Kansas, at Lawrence. 

Jane Forder is attending Washington Uni- 
versity in St. Louis, Missouri, and is making her 
debut with her sister in St. Louis. 

Cleo Scott is attending the University of 

Mary Young is attending the University of 

Elsa Gerstacker is taking a nursery school 
course at Oberlin College, Oberlin, Ohio. 

Mason Daniel is visiting in Nashville, Tenn- 
essee, in the fall, and working in the Junior 

Mary Jane Hayden has enrolled at the Uni- 
versity of Arizona, in Tuscon. 

Elizabeth Collier is attending Emory University, 
in Atlanta, Georgia. 

Rosamond Garrett is attending the University 
of Missouri, at Columbia. 

Helen Closson will enter the University of 
Illinois this fall. 

Ann Armstrong is spending the winter at her 
home in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. 

Martha Walcott spent the summer in England, 
taking a five weeks" lecture course at Oxford. 
She is spending this fall on the Continent, arriv- 
ing home, in Dallas, Texas, near Christmas. 

Marjorie Van Evera is attending Northwestern 
University at Evanston, Illinois. 

Edith Knox is attending Coe College, in Cedar 
Rapids, Iowa. 

Eleanor Carpenter is attending the University 
of Louisville. 

Alumnae News 


Louise Boren is attending the University of 

Marion Cox is teaching kindergarten in Ash- 
ville. North Carolina. 

Estelle Fariss is attending the University of 
Oklahoma at Norman. 

Oma Perkins Young is attending the University 
of Oklahoma at Norman. 

Frances Adams is visiting in Tiyon, North 
Carolina, for a few months. 

Abigail Donohue is attending the University of 

Frances Chatham has enrolled at the Cliver- 
Smith Kindergarten Training School in Hartford, 

Virginia Fosler is attending Butler University, 
in Indianapolis, Indianna. 

Helen Milliken Cook has moved to Bowling 
Green, Kentucky, to live. 

Margaret W. Beaver is attending Moravian Col- 
lege for Women in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania. 

Maiy Ann Page is attending the University of 

Elizabeth McAllister is attending the Miami 
University at Oxford, Ohio. 

Priscilla Mullen is studying physical education 
at the Woman's College of the University of 
North Carolina. 

Marian Anderson is attending Lake Forest Col- 
lege, Lake Forest, Illinois. 

Bettina Silva has opened a. dancing school in 
Thomasville, Georgia. 

Priscilla Holcombe is attending George Wash- 
ington University. 

Elizabeth Anne Bode is taking nui'ses' training 
at the Youngstown Hospital, in Youngstown, 

Elizabeth Spray is attending the University of 
Michigan, at Ann Arbor. 

Victoria Parsons will spend the winter at her 
home, Tye River, Virginia. 

Maiy Hutchinson is attending the University 
of Michigan, at Ann Arbor. 

Bernadene Johnson is attending the Woman's 
College of the University of North Carolina. 

Joanna Fink will enter Northwestern University 
at Evanston, Illinois, this fall. 

Katherine Hanna is planning to attend Rollins 
College, in Florida. 

Marjorie Prestis has entered Connecticut Col- 

Isabel Scott is attending George Washington 

Louise Peck is working as a stenographer in 
Portland, Oregon. 

Emily Timberlake is attending Mary Baldwin 
College, in Staunton, Virginia. 

Elizabeth W. Kiniiy is attending Katherine 
Gibbs' School in Boston. 

Helen D. Adam is continuing her work at 
David Manne's in New York City. 

Margaret Linebaugh is attending the University 
of Oklahoma, at Norman. 

Helens Hetzel is attending Penn State College 
in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. 

Jerry Ricketts is attending Chevy Chase Junior 
College, in Washington, D. C. 

Suzanne Mackay will make her debut in St. 
Louis, Missouri, this fall. 

Maiy Lewis Nelson is attending the University 
of Illinois. 

Virginia Alford has entered the University of 
Chicago this year. 

Jean Lydecher was married June 7 to Mr. 
Melvin M. Roberts and has moved to Charlottes- 
ville to live. 


Dorothy Johnston spent the summer on Cape 
Cod and during the winter is taking courses at 
Columbia University. 

Janet Jaqua is attending Art School in In- 

Doris Kendall spent the holidays in Michigan 
and is now pursuing her courses at Northwestern. 

Julia Kane enjoyed herself at Port Huron, 
Michigan, during the summer months after which 
she entered the University of Michigan. 

Kay Lynch is attending a dramatic course at 
Westminster College. 

Katharine Louden attended Parson's School 
during the summer after which she entered the 
University of Iowa. 

Jane Lawder enjoyed an extensive motor trip 
through the West and is now attending the Uni- 
versity of Texas. 

Marguerite Laughlin has entered the University 
of West Virginia at Morgantown, West Virginia. 

Frances Martin motored through the West dur- 
ing the summer months and is now travelling on 
the Continent. 

Evelyn Martin is now attending the University 
of Missouri. 

Dorothy MacKenzie visited during the summer 
in Connecticut, after which she returned to enter 

Jane Mitchell is pursuing a designing course 
at Carnegie Tech in the Margaret Morrison 
School after she spent two months at Lake Erie. 

Jean McDaniel is continuing her courses at the 
University of Cincinnati. 

Jane Meyer is attending the National School 
of Fine and Applied Arts in Washington, D. C. 

Evelyn Morris enjoyed a happy reunion with 
her parents in China this summer. 

Mary Beverly Neill vacationed in Hardy, 
Arkansas, after which she entered the University 
of Missouri. 

Anne Jones is working in her father's office, 
in Port Jervis, New York. 

Evelyn Joyner is continuing her studies at the 
University of Texas. 

Julia Gillispie is a student at Katharine Gibbs 
Business School in New York City after extensive 
visits through the East. 

Jackie Griel is attending the Women's College 
of Alabama after a ten weeks' tour with the 
Georgia Caravan Camps. 

Marjorie Fowler spent the summer months at 
Mullett Lake, Michigan. 

Alice Field is a student at the University of 

Catherine England is attending the University 
of Michigan after an extensive tour of the East. 

Jessie Lou Davis spent the summer at their 
summer home in Wisconsin and this winter is 
attending the University of Wisconsin. 

Jeanne DeLamarter is pursuing her studies at 
the University of Michigan. 


Sweet Briar College 

Anne Cockrill is continuing her studies at the 
Junior College in Little Rock. 

Jane Bucher is now a student at Ob^rlin Col- 
lege after her summer on Candlewood Dale in 
Danbuiy, Connecticut. 

Frances Bradley made her debut in Raleigh, 
September 9, after which she returned to St. 

Agnes Wright is now a student at Vogue 
School in Chicago. 

Margaret Watts visited during the summer in 
New England and is now taking a special course 
at Randolph-Macon Woman's College. 

Katharine Waddle entered the University of 
Kentucky this fall after a summer camping trip 
on the Kentucky River. 

Margaret Williams is a student at King-Smith 
Studio School in Washington, D. C. 

Maiy Wynn is attending the University of 

Virginia Team vacationed in Minnesota and is 
now attending the Kansas University. 

Louise Tralles spent the summer in northern 
Michigan and is returning to the University of 

Frances Spiller is pursuing voice lessons this 
winter at her home in Fort Worth, Texas. 

Selby Roberts studied nursing at Presbyterian 
Hospital in New York City during the past year. 

Margaret Rose entered the University of Te.xas 
this fall. 

Matilda Williams is now attending Bay City 
Junior College. 

Frances Reid is a student at Missouri Uni- 
versity this year. 

Helen James is pursuing a dietetic course. 

Ruth Legum entered Goucher College in Balti- 
more this fall. 

Georgeana Miller spent the summer at Walloon 
Lake in Indiana and plans to be in Fort Wayne 
for the winter. 

Mai7 Honevivell is spending the winter in New 

Katharine Albert spent part of the summer at 

Sophia Stephens will divide her time this 
winter between England, Scotland and the Conti- 

Shop With the Alumnae 
Office When Possible 


Our China, Etchings and Airplane Pictures 

Will Solve Your Christmas 



/ give and bequeath absolutely to Sweet Briar Institute, a 
Corporation created by the State of Virginia, and having its 
College at Sweet Briar, in Amherst County, Virginia, the sum 

of $ , to be invested and from time to time 

re-invested by said Corporation as it shall deem best, and to 

be called the Endowment Fund. The 

interest and income therefrom shall be applied by said Cor- 
poration to the payment of the salaries of its teachers as it 
shall deem expedient. 

I give and bequeath absolutely to Sweet Briar Institute, a 
Corporation created by the State of Virginia, and having its 
College at Sweet Briar, in Amherst County, Virginia, the sum 

of $ , to be used and appropriated by said 

Corporation for its benefi.t in such manner as it shall deem 
to be most useful. 

I give and bequeath absolutely to Sweet Briar Institute, a 
Corporation created by the State of Virginia, and having its 
College at Sweet Briar, in Amherst County, Virginia, the sum 

of $ , to be invested and from time to time 

re-invested by said Corporation a3 it shall deem best, and to 

be called the Scholarship Fund, the 

interest and income to be applied by said Corporation to the 
aiding of its deserving students in Sweet Briar Institute or 

C/oi/re fe/mi^ iSIVYa f/iei/re/f/nae/S 


JLF your cigarette is mild — that is, not strong, 
not bitter, but smokes cool and smooth; and if it 
tastes better — that is, not oversweet but not flat 
— then you enjoy it the more. 

Everything kno^sTi to Science is used to make 
Chesterfield Cigarettes milder and taste better. 

The right kinds of leaf tobacco — American and 
Turkish — are blended and cross-blended. That's 
why "They Satisfy." 


*^ "i 


® 1932, 

-IGGETT & Myers 

Tobacco Co. 

IVl.'.l . t-' C^.C/i: 

it v.- e: i. t £ ri I ;. Tv c '^ ! 




Sweet Briar College 


^toeet IBriar 3lumnae J13etu0 

Editor — Vivienne Barkalow Breckenridge. '18 

Table of Contents 

The Old Oak Tree Frontispiece 

From President Glass 3 

Three Thoughts on Education — — . 5 

Founders' Day 7 

The College in the American Scene 7 

Founders' D.ay Honors 9 

The Alumnae Council Meeting 9 

The Algernon Sydney Sullivan Aw.ard 10 

A Page of Newly Elected Club Presidents 11 

Sweet Briar Day 12 

Our Alumnae Secretary 15 

The 1932 Sophomore Tests 16 

The Mary Helen Cochran Library 1931-1932 18 

Rue de Chevreuse 21 

A Merry Christmas in Peiping, China 22 

Hoard Coupons for Sweet Briar 24 

From the Athletic Department 26 

The Garth-Estill Collection 26 

We Point With Pride 26 

The Globe Theatre — An Adventure in Marionettes 27 

The Objectives of Fund Raising .— 31 

My Year in France 32 

Dividends Preferred 34 

The Measure of Milton 36 

Class Personals 41 

The Old Oak Tree 

From President Glass 

November 18, 1932. 

ONE of the nicest things I am allowed 
to do in the fall of each year is to 
write to the Alumnae and to chat 
along in an informal way about whatever 
is uppermost in mv mind. 

Our connection with St. Andrews is, of 
course, rather well forward in my thoughts 
since I am just back from a hurried but 
most intercLting visit to the university. I 
went over with the three juniors who are 
studying there this year; Alice Shirley 
studying physics and mathematics, Mary 
Walton McCandlish studying history and 
economics, and Katharine Williams studv- 
ing English and history. I waited in the 
ante-rooms while these young women con- 
sulted the proper advisers who "sit" from 
ten to twelve for such purposes, I listened 
to student conversation, learned the nick- 
names of professors and their outstanding 
peculiarities, came to know the differences 
between bijantines, semis, and tertians 
(freshmen, sophomores and third year stu- 
dents), found my way about their univer- 
sity buildings, assisted in buying the scar- 
let gowns with maroon velvet yokes that 
all undergraduates must wear to class, and 
on other college occasions toted the parcels 
that university etiquette forbids students in 
gowns to carry, attended a lecture into 
which the men went first while the women 
stood back and from which they likewise 
emerged first, after having declared their 
approval or disapproval of the professor- 
ial remarks by much foot-shuffling. I lived 
in the largest of the women's residence 
halls, sat at the high table with the War- 
den, Miss Dobson. a charming daughter of 
a charming father, Austin Dobson; wished 
I could chant the Latin grace that besan 
each dinner and the gloria that ended it. 
I walked in the lovely gardens where 
flowers were still plentiful, enjoyed my 
own open fire about the size and shape of 
a slice of pie, but wonderfully efficacious 
in heating the room: and got amusement 
out of seeing our three novices learn how 
to lay and tend theirs. 

I was in and out of the library. I was 
present at the lovely opening chapel ser- 
vice in St. Salvators, and saw and took a 

movie of the picturesque procession of 
students all in scarlet gowns that regularly, 
after service each Sunday, proceeds down 
to the old pier which runs out into the sea. 

In addition to getting acquainted with 
all these features of student life, I met so 
many members of the faculty in their own 
and each others' houses that I got a sense 
of really knowing what the university was 

The Sweet Briar girls are happily settled 
and every letter tells how delightful people 
are to them. They live in separate halls 
and so get more quickly into Scotch groups. 
They are keen over what the)' are studying 
and are being stimulated by the novelty 
and the historic background, but seem none 
the less to know what they are about in 
their work. I think we have done a good 
thing for them and a good thing for Sweet 
Briar in arranging this year for them. 

Another thing frequently in the front of 
my mind this fall — you know it is always 
the thing we are beginning and planning 
for the future that I must talk about — is 
the enriching of our offerings and oppor- 
tunities at Sweet Briar in the Arts. \ou 
learned in the last issue of the magazine 
of the subvention from the Carnegie Cor- 
poration for this purpose, of the additional 
staff in the Art Department and in the 
Music Department, and of Mr. MacKaye's 
being a visiting professor. 

We are also beginning more actively to 
co-ordinate one department with another 
in this field. Miss Nora Staael was chosen 
in Physical Education especially for her 
skill in teaching dancing. Mr. Martin has 
just written a Serenade, to be accompanied 
by stringed instruments only, for the pre- 
sentation of Mr. MacKaye's "A Thousand 
Years Ago" which Paint and Patches will 
give the night before Thanksgiving, and 
Miss Litchfield and members of the en- 
semble are doing all of the incidental 
music to the play, a prologue, marches, 
and pantomime dancing. 

The Sweet Briar Glee Club has a concert 
in conjunction with the Club from Wash- 
ington and Lee Lhiiversity on December 
third, and another one planned with the 
L niversity of Virginia Club in the spring. 


Sweet Briar College 

The lectures and concerts of the year, more 
than in some other years, offer stimulation 
in this field; in music, the Boston Sinfo- 
nietta, Tsuya Matsuki in a piano recital, 
Elisabeth Schumann the exquisite lieder 
singer, Frank Kneisel in a violin program; 
in art, lectures by Walter Pach, the eminent 
artist and critic, and by Thomas H. Benton, 
whose murals in the New School for Social 
Research have recently called forth much 
comment; as well as exhibits of eighty-eight 
Daumier lithographs, and of a group of oil 

of Malvern Festival fame on "Theatrical 
Audiences of the Eighteenth and Nineteenth 
Centuries"; and in the dance, Martha Gra- 
ham whom many people consider the out- 
standing figure in dancing as a creative art 
in America today. 

We know that there is something in Sweet 
Briar that makes it a proper home for ar- 
tistic thought and expression, and we hope 
to enrich this side of our life until it in- 
forms everything that we do, and make, and 

The Portrait of Miss Glass by Nicholas R. Brewer 

paintings from the Hudson River School 
up to the present day. At the Woman's 
Club in Lyncliburg we have a chance to 
see the landscapes and portraits of Nicho- 
las R. Brewer, who displays a portrait of 
your semi-dilapidated president which he 
has just painted for no good reason! It 
is an interesting and rather distinguished 
canvass. In the field of literature and 
dramatics we have Philip Guedalla talking 
about "Limitations of Biography," and 
Mrs. Patrick Campbell on "Beautiful 
Speech and the Art of Acting." Mr. Allar- 
dyce Nicoll, an authority on drama and 

There is another layer in my mind just 
behind this, but more I must not write in 
this issue or I shall not be asked to write 
in another. When any of you come near 
us do not pass us by, and when you come 
to Sweet Briar do not pass me by. 

Your, more or less, 

obedient servant. 

Alumnae News 

Three Thoughts on Education 

By Alexander G. Ruthven 

President, University of Michigan 

(Editor's Note — Dr. Ruthven, president of the University of Michigan since 1929, has been con- 
nected witli that institution in various capacities since 1906, when he became instructor in zoology 
and curator of the museum. After becoming head of the zoology department in 1927 he was made 
dean of administration in the university a year later, and finally president. He is a native of Iowa, 
where he was horn in 1882; he graduated from Morningside College in 1903 and received a Ph.D. 
dearee from Michigan in 1906.) 

ONCE upon a time a distinguished 
Englishman said in poetic language 
that east and west can never be jux- 
taposed. In limited as well as in broad 
applications tliis observation is erroneous 
and has caused much harm. East and west 
and north and south have always met in 
some measure; each has borrowed from 
the others and none can be altogether in- 
dependent. Provincialism is only an early 
growth stage of society. We may well 
return dianks to the spirit which is guid- 
ing the progress of civilization that in the 
educational field we are coming to appre- 
ciate the unity of mankind, even if our 
conscious contributions to the realization 
of the concept are made too slowly and 
sometimes even begrudgingly. 

Three Essentials. The problems of edu- 
cation are not more than accidently in- 
volved with differences in race and creed 
and geographic position. They do include 
such internal and external factors as himian 
nature, language, costs, and two major 
needs of society — economy of time and 
econmy of money. I submit that three 
essentials of an efficient educational pro- 
gram the world over are proper orienta- 
tion for each student, progressive training, 
and thorough-going co-operation between 

1 — Proper Orientation. It requires no 
special keenness of observation to discover 
the fragmentariness of our educational of- 
ferings. Altliough educators are criticized 
for this, the disunity is not only unavoid- 
able but is bound to increase. It is part 
of the price we pay for progress. At the 
same time it is possible to do more than is 
being done to give the student an appre- 
ciation of the unity of knowledge. That 
teachers are beiinning to see tlie need for 
correcting the impression easily gained by 
the student — that the subjects of instruc- 

tions are disconnected — is evidenced by the 
recent experiments in orientation courses. 
Orientation in the broad sense should 
be a continuing process and have three 
aspects — exploration for the purpose of 
discovering interests, the correlation of 
facts as they are learned, and the broad 
synthesis of learning to produce a work- 
ing philosophy. It is fundamentally sound 
practice, too, often neglected by teachers, 
to permit the student to explore the several 
fields of knowledge, and it is good peda- 
gogy for the instructor to relate facts as 
they are presented. Neither of these 
methods should, however, be confused with 
the third type of orientation — the broad 
synthesis of learning — as they are when 
not used at the proper times in mental 
growth. For example die plan of giving 
broad synthesizing courses to beginning 
students is wrong in that it involves con- 
fusion between orientation and initiation. 
An introductory course, no matter how ex- 
tensive, cannot properly be an orientation 
course. To become oriented about some- 
thing one must have the something to 
orient, and the more of it the better. A 
conclusion can no more function as an 
introduction than an introduction can serve 
as a conclusion. Again, just as training 
in every discipline should be preceded by 
a period of exploration, and should pro- 
vide correlations as well as facts, it should 
culminate in an orientation course which 
not only places the subject in the general 
field of knowledge but, as a part of tlie 
process, presents its history in a satisfac- 
tory way. Knowledge and experience form 
the background of a working philosophy, 
but only adequately when they include the 
whole extent of observation of the race. 
''Not to know what has been transacted in 
foriner times is to be always a child. If 
no use is made of the labors of the past 

Sweet Briar College 

ages, the world must always remain in the 
infancy of knowledge. ' This conclusion 
of Cicero is applicable to the intellectual 
growth of every mdividual — the scientist, 
the artist, the mechanic, and the farmer. 
Man being man, and knowledge being an 
acquired character, it will ever remain true. 

2 — Progressive Training. When I say 
that training in a discipline should cul- 
minate in an orientation course, I imply 
that the training is progressive. I am well 
aware of the fact that the fragmentation of 
education is often permitted to eliminate 
in large part any definitel)- graded pro- 
gram. To be sure, the courses in English, 
Zoology, Art, etc., are numbered 1, 2, 3, 
4, and upwards, and there are customarilv 
pre-requisites of one kind or another, but 
only to a limited degree do these measures 
contribute to a desirable progressiveness. 
At least definite sequences of courses built 
solidly one upon another to form a stable 
edifice are not to be found in any school. 
Admittedly the concept of progression in 
instruction by fixed regulations cannot be 
carried too far because of the variability 
in students and the overlapping and blend- 
ing of fields of knowledge. But the prin- 
ciple of graded instruction is sound, and 
until many of the present offerings are 
eliminated or placed in proper sequence, 
and until provision is made in every other 
way for orderly mental growth, there will 
be a continuation of the waste of the stu- 
dent's time through temptations to take 
work he ^vill not need or to do work which 
requires less effort than he is capable of 

3 — Co-operation Between Institutions. 
Reflection upon proper orientation and 
upon progressive traming leads logically 
to a consideration of inter-institutional re- 
lations. It is not too much to say that 
educators appreciate more than they will 
openly admit that our schools of advanced 
learning are exhibiting a deplorable pro- 
vincialism. For the inception of this spirit, 
no one can rightly be blamed: for its con- 
tinuation every one interested in our edu- 
cational institutions must accept responsi- 
bility. Many of these schools ivere estab- 
lished when transportation was slow, diffi- 
cult, and expensive. It has been necessary 
for them to serve a more or less definite 
clientele. In consequence duplication of 

effort has not been uneconomical but the 
duty of the institution: a duty that, until 
recent years, has been the more easilv per- 
formed because of the limited field to be 
covered. Within a half century we have 
seen tlie fields of knowledge expand great- 
ly, curricula lengthen astonishingly, trans- 
portation put within die reach of everyone, 
and the schools placed in the position of 
competing for students. Duplication of 
effort has come out of unit responsibility. 

It is unthinkable that the attitude of 
isolation of our colleges and universities 
should be allowed to continue either be- 
cause of tradition or an attitude of com- 
placency. Society should not be asked to 
pay the costs of useless duplication in any 
of its activities. Logically the next step 
in educational progress should be co-ordi- 
nation of the schools, and since this inte- 
gration of effort cannot to advantage be 
forced, hurried, or unintelligently guided, 
educators must take the initiative, study 
the problems, and perform the necessary 
experiments. By common agreement fields 
of specialization should be allocated to 
different schools and students should be 
distributed according to their interests. 
\^Tiile it is not to be expected, or desired, 
that our mstitutions will altogether give 
up their individualism, there would seem 
to be no real reason why this period should 
not witness at least die inception of an in- 
telligent integration among the institutions 
of each state or in other areas of concen- 
tration. In this belief. I have proposed for 
^lichigan an advisorv committee on educa- 
tional programs and policies, made up of 
representatives of each institution of higher 
learning under tlie chairmanship of the 
Superintendent of Public Instruction. This 
plan would, if put into effect, give oppor- 
tunity for intelligent plaimmg and inde- 
pendent thought without the sacrifice of 
tlie autonomy of the schools, and thus have 
both educational and financial advantages. 

In Conclusion. It is not too much to 
hope that a beginning of co-ordination of 
effort in education will soon be witnessed, 
that instruction will become more progres- 
sive, and that a more serious attempt will 
be made to orient the individual by giving 
him an acquaintance with the history of 
knowledge, in order that students may be 

( Turn to page 38) 

Alumnae News 

Founders' Day 

Founders' Day this year was indeed 
memorable for those alumnae who were 
fortunate enough to be able to return to 
the college for this occasion. A week 
before the day arrived, our president, Edna 
Lee Wood, '26, came down from her home 
in New ^ ork City, and shortly after mem- 
bers of the Council and other alumnae 
began to arrive. We were enough for a 
special table, to ourselves, in the refectory. 
Miss Glass dined with us, Miss Button en- 
tertained us at tea in her apartment, and 
our own Eugenia Griffin Burnett, '10, pre- 
sided at the exercises in the chapel Foun- 

ders' Day morning. Guests, faculty, alum- 
nae, and seniors stopped at the Daisy Wil- 
liams G}Tnnasium, on the way to the ser- 
vice at the Monument, where Mrs. Wood 
unveiled the plaque of Daisy Williams 
which now hangs in the entrance hall of 
the Gymnasium. Before the unveiling 
Miss Glass spoke briefly of the early life 
of Daisy and told of the finding of the 
plaque by Miss Dix last summer. Little 
is known of this bronze likeness of Daisy, 
but it is fitting that this medallion should 
hang in the building which bears her name. 
That afternoon Mrs. Wood and Dr. Maurer 
received with Miss Glass at her reception. 

The College in the American Scene 

THE colleges of the Lnited States 
have justified their founders who 
started the institutions with a dream 
of building a new civilization," said Dr. 
Irving Maurer, president of Beloit College, 
Beloit, Wisconsin, in his address on 
Founders' Day. 

Dr. Maurer suggested that it was a great 
deal easier to found a college than to be 
president of it, for the founders had no 
traditions to live up to, no alumni to please, 
and no faculty to pass judgment on them. 
The people in whose hands lies the task of 
guiding educational institutions have, in- 
deed, a great responsibility and Dr. Maurer 
assured his audience that, in spite of the 
criticism which is continually heard, many 
of them have fulfilled it in a highly credi- 
table manner. 

In outlining what was expected of a 
good college, Dr. Maurer said that it 
should "make for a more humane and 
better social order." He pointed out that 
the college has concerned itself with ideas, 
and in turning students' attention from 
external things to the somewhat more ab- 
stract, it has helped to break down social 
castes and make democracy a reality by 
giving all thinking people, no matter from 
what class they may come, something to 
share in common. 

"The colleges of America are among our 
finest democratic communities. The col- 

leges still believe in the individual. They 
have cherished at their heart a loyalty to 
the American ideals of living. There rests 
upon our colleges a vivid memory of the 
achievements of an Anglo-Saxon individ- 
ualism. Our background is still the back- 
ground of pioneers, their settling of a new 
continent, their throwing off of suppres- 
sion and tyranny. * * * And if you would 
know America as many of us know her, 
if you would believe in her as possessing 
the capabilities for nurturing a race of 
free men and women, go to her colleges." 
"It is the colleges of America which 
have challenged the machine age," Presi- 
dent Maurer continued, "not because tlie 
colleges fear the machine but because they 
wish to keep mechanism in the role of 
servant rather than in the role of master. 
Wherever you see in our modern cities, 
programs of welfare, of neighborliness, of 
beautification, wherever you see a con- 
scious striving to soften the rigid proced- 
ure of svstem with a touch of humanness, 
you can find at the center the carrying out 
of a college dream. * * ^ And if you look 
today in America to find people who have 
never fullv accepted the forces which have 
made America what she is today, super- 
ficially at least, you will find them on the 
campuses of American colleges and univer- 
sities. The growtli of corporate wealth to 
the point where an amazing number of 


Sweet Bkur College 

American wage earners and investors are 
less and less the captains of their souls, 
the breeding of an inveterate acquisitive 
ness in the thought life of millions through 
the hope of getting rich without work, sim- 
ply b)' guessing correctly in the market. 
the over urbanization of life through a 
foolish, short-sighted, needless congestion 
of population into great cities where life 
is cursed for the commons with a stifling 
anonymity, these things have always been 
challenged by the colleges. ' 

President Maurer insisted that the Amer- 
ican colleges have rendered "an honorable 
service in the field of religious idealism." 
He combatted the idea that colleges tend 
to take away the student's religion, arguing 
rather that thev help the students to find 
the larger religion by which they may live 
in the enlarging world of today, and gave 

the following credo for the colleges: 

"The colleges of America today believe 
that unselfishness works, that good will is 
practicable, diat modern industry can be 
Christian, that men are motivated by other 
than money standards. They believe that 
war is the great atheism, that modern civil- 
ization can live most nobly without war, 
that patriotism is somediing bigger than 
the readiness to kill other nationals. They 
believe that poverty is not necessary, that 
it is the will of God that it is possible for 
all men to enjoy the world, to share its 
fruits, to live the good life. They believe 
that politics can be high grade, that it is 
possible for every town and city to be a 
beautfiul home for the human spirit. And 
because the colleges believe this the cause 
of true religion is served, and modern 
America ignores the colleges at her peril." 


Front Row, Left to Right — Jeanette Boone. '27; Edna Lee Wood. '28; Margaret Banister, '16; 

Vivienne Barkalou- Breckenridge, "18. 
Center Row, Left to Right — Nancy Worthington. '31; Fanny O'Brian Hettrich, "31; Virginia 

Quintard, "31; Marie Klooz, "23. 
Back Row, Left to Right — Peronne Whittaker, '31; Helen Sims, '31. 

Alumnae News 

Eugenia Griffin Burnett, '10 

Founders' Day Honors 

Founders' Day Honors were awarded to 
twelve upperclassmen this year. These 
honors represent the highest attainment of 
scholastic merit at Sweet Briar College. 
The awards are given only to seniors and 
jmiiors and are based on the entire pre- 
vious record of the student. This year 
members of the junior class had an ex- 
ceptionally superior record and therefore, 
more than the usual number received the 
honor. The student who receives this 
honor is granted voluntary class attend- 
ance and one special individual privilege 
during the year. 

The Manson Memorial Scholarship, 
given each year b)' the Alumnae Associa- 
tion, is awarded to the scholarship student 
who is not only outstanding in her schol- 
astic record, but also in the ideals and 
activities of her class and college. Abi- 
gail Shepard. '33. from Cincinnati, Ohio, 
who spent her junior vear in France last 
year, won this distinctive honor. 

The foUowins students were given 
Founders' Day Honors: Seniors — Helen 
Bond, Mary Imbrie, Abigail Shepard, and 
Hetty Wells. Ju-iors — Eleanor Alcott, 
Connie Burwell. Julia Daugherty, Cath- 
erine Marshall. Sara Merritt, Marcia Mor- 
rison, and Marjorie Smith. 

Meeting of the Alumnae 

The fall meeting of the Sweet Briar 
Alumnae Council was held on Thursday 
night, October 27, at eight o'clock in the 
Alumnae Office. Plans for the year were 
discussed and the following decisions were 
reached. The Council approved the plan 
to launch a campaign for 150,000 coupons 
which would buy for the office a much 
needed addressograph. These coupons are 
from products of the Colgate-Palmolive- 
Peet Company, whose Premium Depart- 
ment made possible the plan. 

It was also decided that Class Agents 
should be appointed as a means of obtain- 
ing additional items for Class Personals. 
The full list of these appointments made 
by the Council will appear in the March 
number of the Alumnae News. 

Several propositions that had been pre- 
sented to the secretary for consideration, 
were taken up in detail b}" the Council and 
recommendations on these will be made at 
the annual meeting of the Alumnae Asso- 
ciation to be held on Monday, June 5, 

President Glass and President Maurer 


Sweet Briar College 

The Algernon Sydney Sullivan Award 

THE Algernon Sydney Sullivan Award, 
established by the Southern Society 
of New York in honor of the first 
president of the Society, was conferred 
upon Mr. Robert L. Cumnock, of Alta- 
Vista, Virginia, by Sweet Briar College on 
Founders' Day. Sweet Briar is one of the 
fifteen Southern colleges privileged to con- 
fer this award, and did so on this occasion 
for the first time, selecting 
Mr. Cumnock for this honor 
because of his years of de- 
voted and unselfish service 
to the college. 

The New York Southern 
Society established the 
award for the purpose of 
"perpetuating the memory 
of Algernon Sydney Sulli- 
van's life in such form as 
shall be most expressive of 
his character." The award 
may be made annually to 
one senior and one person 
not of the student body by 
each of the privileged colleges. "The Non- 
Student Award recognizes accomplishment, 
but disinterested service is the fundamental 
principle of both as it was the keynote of 
the life of Algernon Sydney Sullivan." 

In conferring the award President Glass 
presented Mr. Cumnock to Eugenia Griffin 
Burnett, '10, who represented the Board of 
Overseers and who made the award with 
the following citation: "Robert L. Cum- 

Mr. R. L. Cumnock 

nock, member of the Board of Directors 
and of the Board of Overseers of Sweet 
Briar College and long Chairman of both 
Executive Committees, for your abundant 
and unselfish service, for your high ideals, 
for your wise counsels, for your unfailing 
gentleness and courtesy, for your affection- 
ate interest in persons and causes, for what 
you have done for Sweet Briar College 
and Sweet Briar people, be- 
cause of the quality of the 
man you are. Sweet Briar 
College confers upon you 
its Algernon Sydney Sulli- 
van Medallion with the hope 
that the affectionate appre- 
ciation it betokens will be 
to you a source of satisfac- 
tion and to others an in- 

By means of the Sullivan 
award Rollins College has 
honored Dr. Irving Bachel- 
ler; the University of Vir- 
ginia the Reverend Noble 
C. Powell; the George Peabody College 
for Teachers Dr. Anson Phelps Stokes, 
and the College of William and Mary Dr. 
James H. Dillard. Mr. Cumnock, who re- 
ceives Sweet Briar's first award, is a native 
of New England, who has been for years 
prominently identified with the textile in- 
dustry, and has greatly endeared himself 
to this section during his long residence at 
Altavista. Virginia. 

Alumnae News 


A Page of Newly-Elected Club Presidents 

Top Row, Left to Right — Ella Williams. '31, President Lynchburg Club; Dorothy Ayres Holt, 

ex-'3L President Northern New Jersey Club. 
Center — Margaret Green. ex-'29. Presid-nt Richmond Club. 

Bottom Row, Left to Right — Lillie Maddox Whitner. "22. President Charlotte Club; Mary 

McDiarmid Serodine, "29, President Cincinnati Club. 


Sweet Brur College 

Sweet Briar^Day 

ONE of the most engaging features 
of Sweet Briar as a college is to be 
found in the number of distinctive 
and appealing traditions that have man- 
aged to get themselves firmly rooted in its 
red soil in the comparatively short period 
of its existence. One of these traditions, 
and almost the only one which Sweet Briar 
girls can take awav with them and continue 
to observe for the rest of their lives, is 
Sweet Briar Day. The annual observance 
of a special day set aside for Sweet Briar 
alumnae and present students to get to- 
gether all over the United States and renew 
their contacts and brighten their memories 
of the college is something that is distinct- 
ly Sweet Briar's own, and is an occasion 
which is coming to mean more and more 
to Sweet Briar and to the alumnae. Each 
j-ear Sweet Briar Day is observed in a 
larger number of cities and towns than it 
was the year before, and each year these 
annual gatherings are contributing their 
part in building up a strong and efficient 
alumnae association, strengthening the ties 
between the college and the individual 
alumnae, and securing the recognition of 
Sweet Briar as one of the important wo- 
men's colleges of the countr). 

Sweet Briar Dav. December 28. falls 
this year upon the Wednesday of Christ- 
mas week and promises to be even more 

successful than last year, when the occa- 
sion was observed by seventy-three groups 
in twenty-nine States of the Lnion. It will 
be more successful if all of you alumnae 
who read this issue of the News will help 
to make it so. It is a simple thing to do — 
to attend a luncheon or a tea or a diimer. 
Even in the midst of the crowded Christ- 
mas week it is not difficult to manage if 
you plan ahead of time. And the simple 
act of going to whatever form of enter- 
tainment your alumnae club has selected 
for that day will mean a great deal to 
Sweet Briar and a great deal to you, for 
every alumna who lets her college associa- 
tions drop away from her has lost friends 
and contacts and memories for the keeping 
of which her life would be more satisfac- 
tory. To Sweet Briar your attendance will 
mean an active, interested and alert body 
of alumnae who preserve the spirit of 
Sweet Briar and maintain its traditions 
and keep its name before the communities 
in ivhich they live. 

If. in your community, there is no Sweet 
Briar club and no observance of Sweet 
Briar Day. now is the time to start it. 
Get together with the other Sweet Briar 
girls in vour vicinitv on December 28, no 
matter how few they are or how simple 
this first meeting. Join with the alumnae 
all over the United States in making Sweet 
Briar Day a success. 

Tentative Plans for the Meetings Sweet Briar Day are in the 

Hands of the following : 








Foi't Smith 
Little Rock 


Los Angeles 
San Diego 



District of 




Mildred Hodges. 1215 Glenview Road 
Mrs. Claude C. Bullock. Spring Hill. P. 0. 
Elva Quisenberry. 607 Felder Avenue 

Eleanor Albers, 900 North 12th Street 
Lucy Reaves, 1904 Battery Street 

Mrs. Edward Hardie. 4445 Santa Monica Avenue, 
Ocean Beach 

Helen Dunleavy, 767 Williams Drive 

Theda Sherman, 3324 Newark Street, N. W. 

Mrs. yi. Drew Groover. 2311 River Boulevard 
Mildred Gibbons, 823 South Delaware Avenue 

Alumnae News 







and vicinity 

Iowa (Tri-City) 

MoHne. and Rock 
Island Illinois 




New Orleans 




Boston and vicinity 





Twin City 

Saint Paul 




Kansas City 

New Jersey 

The Northern 

\ei\- York 


New York City 

North Carolina 













South Carolina 




South Dakota 






Susie Ella Burnett. Jasmine Hills, Peachtree Road 
Mrs. Ben O'Neal. Rivoli 
Mary B. Craighill, 117 East 34th Street 

Louise Lutz, 1461 East 56th Street 

Emily Kersey, 903 East Jackson Street, Muncie, Indiana 

Margaret White, The Lindens, Rock Island, Illinois 

Mrs. Charles C. Culp. 1747 Sulgrave Read 

Mrs. John M. Wisdom, 486 Walnut Street 
Mrs. Thomas 0. Brooks, 1315 Fairfield Avenue 

Elizabeth Marston, 2902 North Calvert Street 
Elizabeth Kremer, 715 Hamilton Boulevard 

Dorothy Paddock, 121 Raymond Street, Boston 

Mrs. G. R. Fink, 17 Coverly Road, Crosse Point Farms 

Frances Harrison, 2525 East 2nd Street 

Dr. Marian Grimes, 813 Medical Arts Building, 

Elizabeth Young, 1334 Baum Street 

Josephine Reid, 6207 Verona Road 

Mrs. John Eliot Holt, 116 Prospect Street, East Orange 

Mrs. Lawrence Bruce Graham, Dorchester Road, 

East Aurora 
Mrs. John V. Bouvier. 111. 935 Park Avenue 
Mrs. Kennet Lefever, 132 Rockingham Street 

!Mrs. Frank Hodd, Jr., 35 Reardon Street 
Mrs. J. Heniy Whitner, 1701 Queens Road 
Mrs. George W. Tandy, 117 West Seeman Street 
Mrs. Jack Hoover, 1319 Mordecia Drive 
Elizabeth Stevenson, 311 South 3rd Street 

Mrs. \ictor Puerte Serodino. 3404 Middleton Avenue 
Mrs. Troy Combs, 2977 Courtland Boulevard 
Gertrude Anderson, 22 East Sandusky Street 
Pauline Payne, 233 Kevin Place 

Margaret Posey, R. F. D. No. 5 

Dorothy Keller, 125 South Lexington Avenue 

Mrs. Joseph W. Gardiner, Jr., No. 10 School Road, 

Mrs. A. Hardin Coon, 581 Gibson Street. Kingston 

Mrs. David Maybank. The Battery 

Mrs. W. D. Melton, Jr., 1834 Heyard Street 

Mrs. William John McGuire, Jr., 165 Pine Street 

Mrs. Clark Bassett, 1404 North Main Street 

Mary Frances Westcott, 714 Oak Street 
Sarah Phillips. 1766 Harbert Avenue 
Jean Cole, 1618 19th Avenue. South 


Sweet Briar College 






Fort Worth 



San Antonio 







The Eastern 

Shore of \'irai 




West Virginia 







Mrs. W. E. Rowe, 309 West 18th Street 
Jessie Fishei", 3504 Lexington 
Frances Spiller. 2529 Willing Avenue 
Mrs. G. L. Jones, 3016 Chevy Chase Drive. River Oaks 
Mrs. Edward Norment, 158 South Church Street 
Mrs. Curtis Vaughn, P. O. Box 1126 

Ann Lewis 

Dorothy Smith, P. 0. Box 1395 

Ann Conway 

Ella Williams, Dumont Apartments 

Mrs. John Twohy. 11, 1425 Bowling Avenue 

Marietta Derby, Accomac 

Margaret Green, 1924 Grove Avenue 

Mrs. Grover C. Halcomb, 972 LaBurnum Avenue, 

Lee Hy Court 
Agnes Sproul 

Mrs. Bankhead Banks, 2525 Kanawha Street 

Helen McMahon. Park Hill 

Mrs. Hugh S. Brady, Howard Place 

Mrs. Theodore Hartshorn, 3213 North Marietta .\venue 
Mrs. Otto Gunther, 46 Lighthouse Court 

Mrs. John Vernou Bouvier, 
3rd (Janet Lee, ex-'29), up 
on Arnoldean, during the J. 
R. Townsend Memorial Chal- 
lenge Cup Class at the North 
Shore Horse Show. Mrs. Bou- 
vier has been appointed the 
chairman for the meeting of 
the New York Club on Sweet 
Briar Day. 

Courtesy Town and Country 

Alumnae News 


Mrs. Vivienne Barkalow 
Breckenridge, '18. 


Our Alumnae Secretary 

By Edna Lee Wood, '26, President 

BECALSE we feel the Alumnae of 
Sweet Briar are anxious to become 
better acquainted with the person 
\\-ho. more than any other is daily working 
for their benefit, and to "see what she real- 
Iv looks like," we have at last persuaded 
Vivienne Barkaloic Breckenridge to print 
her picture and allow us to tell you of a 
few of the jobs that fill her busy days. 

First in importance to the Association 
as a whole is her work for the clubs and 
magazine. ^ ivienne is in close touch with 
the officers of each of our seventy-one clubs, 
suggesting plans for meetings and bene- 
fits, making Sweet Briar Day arrangements 
and buoying up many a sagging member 
bv her enthusiasm. She is editor, business 
and advertising manager of the Alumnae 
l\'ews. She plans the contents, writes the 
editorials, compiles the class personals, 
gets the ads. proof reads the copy, arranges 
the makeup and all but sets the type! And 
we hardly need to add we think she does a 
splendid piece of work. 

Then she is hostess, and a charming one, 
to all visiting Alumnae. She talks with 

them, explains the Alumnae Office, and 
shows them the new buildings. Those of 
you who have been fortunate enough to 
lunch at her Alumnae table or have coffee 
in her attractive rooms need no other word 
on this subject. At Commencement and 
Founders' Day she makes all arrangements 
for returning groups and supervises re- 
unions. Vivienne also keeps all Alumnae 
records and addresses, attends two Con- 
ferences yearly of the American Alumni 
Council, besides visiting many Alumnae 

And then, in her spare moments, she 
evolves and directs plans toward the sup- 
port of the Alumnae Office (Sweet Briar 
China and etchings and now our great 
"Soap" campaign), holds weekly confer- 
ences widi the Alumnae Editor of the Sweet 
Briar News, sends you lists for weddings 
and college clubs and answers your ques- 
tions as to the name of your room-mate's 
second child and whom Susie Gish mar- 
ried ! 

We appreciate her work and loyalty and 

It is our turn to point with pride, and 
^ve do so — to Vivienne Barkalaw Brecken- 
ridge, '18. 


Sweet Briar College 

The 1932 Sophomore Tests 

By Mrs. Bernice D. Lill, Registrar 

SWEET BRIAR alumnae, proud of 
the academic standards of their alma 
mater, may welcome the results of 
the sophomore tests with the same warmth 
which suffused us at the college W'hen we 
learned the outcome of the tests this fall. 
For on these tests, given in one hundred 
and forty institutions last spring. Sweet 
Briar stands first among the women's col- 
leges and second among all the institutions 
which participated. The tests were taken 
by 18.134 sophomores in thirty-eight states, 
a distribution which gives a fairly broad 
basis for making comparisons between in- 
stitutions and studies of standards within 
the institutions. Among the colleges and 
universities which tested their sophomores 
are: Agnes Scott College, Connecticut Col- 
lege, Goucher College, Mills College, Mill- 
saps College, New Jersey College for Wo- 
men, Rockford College, Rollins College, 
Western College for Women, University 
of Buffalo, University' of California. Uni- 
versity' of Louisville. University of Minne- 
sota, University of Montana, University of 
North Carolina and Vanderbilt Lniversity. 
In Virginia only one other college par- 
ticipated, namely, Hollins College. We 
regret that many of the colleges with most 
highl)' selective admissions did not join 
in the testing program. 

Some details about the tests themselves 
and their administration at Sweet Briar 
may be of interest. Without the co-opera- 
tion and enthusiastic interest of the faculty 
it would not have been possible to arran9;e 
for six and one-half hours of testing, for 
this is the amount of time consumed in the 
actual taking of the tests. The interest of 
the faculty went even further — four actu- 
ally took the tests with the students and 
had their tests sent to New York for scor- 
ing. One senior and several repeating 
freshmen also volunteered to take the tests 
as a means of measuring their academic 
achievement. The tests were scheduled for 
two successive afternoons, three and one- 
half hours the first day, three hours the 
second day. The first part consisted of a 
half-hour test of mental ability, which was 
followed by a general culture examination 
including questions on foreign literature. 

fine arts, history and social studies. The 
general science test took one hour, and the 
English test two hours — the latter test cov- 
ering spelling, grammar, punctuation, vo- 
cabulary, and literary acquaintance. In 
all there were over 1.600 questions which 
were of the true-false, multiple-choice, 
completion or identification type. The 
tests were scored by the Educational Re- 
cords Bureau, and reports of individual 
scores were returned to the college in late 
May. As time did not allow comparative 
reports for institutions or national forms 
to be completed at that early date, tlie col- 
lege was supplied with a report of percen- 
tile rankings based on the scores made in 
1931 by sophomores in Pennsylvania col- 
leges, where similar tests had been given 
under the Carnegie Foundation for the Ad- 
vancement of Teaching. This fall Presi- 
dent Glass received a report giving Sweet 
Briar's enviable rank among the one hun- 
dred and forty institutions which used 
these tests. Not only is Sweet Briar second 
in average total score, but first in total 
English and first in foreign literature and 
history. In science our sophomores score 
was near the median of the whole group. 
A full report, illustrated with interesting 
charts and complete tables, appears in the 
October issue of The Educatwnal Record, 
a quarterly published by The National 
Council on Education. In this report the 
identity of the participating colleges is 
concealed by a code number. 

This article includes studies of the tests 
in relation to type of college, sex and 
age of students, college classes and degree 
groups. As we expect to find, there is 
great variability within as well as among 
the various colleges. In the two leading 
colleges approximately three-fourths of the 
sophomores are in the highest fifteen per 
cent of the national group and ninety per 
cent are distinctly above the national aver- 
age: at the other extreme are colleges in 
which more than ninety per cent are below 
this average. In the report caution is taken 
not to make generalizations on the basis of 
these studies. However, it appears that in 
seven of the eight variables tested the wo- 
men's liberal arts colleges are superior, the 

Alumnae News 


exception being in general science. In this 
regard the test results are in consonance 
with other studies which have shown men 
regularly superior to women students in 
natural sciences, and women students su- 
perior in English and foreign languages. 
No other significant differences are found 
between men's and women's colleges. The 
youngest age group reveals itself superior 
to all other age groups, as we should ex- 

The purpose in offering these tests was 
not primarily to encourage intercollegiate 
competition, although a real intellectual 
stimulus may result from such a program. 
It is the hope of the committee fostering 
the tests to provide an objective measure- 
ment of achievement which may be of 
value in the guidance of students — tests 
which may measure not only what a stu- 
dent has learned in the class-room but also 
what she has gleaned from reading and 
observation and has made an integral part 
of her mental equipment. We realize at 
Sweet Briar that we have a challenging 
set of measurements whose value depends 
upon the uses to which we put them. To 
get this information before the adminis- 
tration and the advisers is happily not so 
difficult as it would have been before we 
introduced our personnel records. On 
these we can record the percentile rank 
for each sophomore in such a way as to 
be readily comparable with the academic 
and personal record. Wlien the May re- 
ports reached us they brought to our atten- 
tion certain students whose scores were out- 
standing. The reports were examined by 
the chairman of the Committee on Depart- 
mental Honors with a view of advising 
these students about the opportunity of 
reading for honors the plan of which, 
alumnae will recall, was announced by a 
special bulletin last March. The reports 
brought to the attention of the adininis- 
tration one student whose college record 
placed her on probation, yet who displayed 
an unusual grasp of the subject-matter 
tested. President Glass had a very satis- 
factory interview with this student. One 
adviser noted the extremely low general 
culture and English scores made by an 
able student in science. This suggested a 
plan for summer reading which should tie 
in with this student's interest in science and 
at the same time be of cultural value. 

With the aid of the librarian an interest- 
ing list of books was prepared, all of 
which this student read during this past 
summer. Although this kind of guidance 
might be given on the basis of the aca- 
demic record alone, its need is emphasized 
when the sophomore tests confirm the 
presence of poorly balanced development. 
These are only a few of the definite needs 
which the tests have already helped us to 
meet. As we become more familiar with 
the tests, further uses will suggest them- 
selves in solving local problems of guid- 
ance. The central committee which pre- 
pared the tests is encouraging their practi- 
cal use by sending to participating colleges 
summaries of uses to which die colleges 
are now putting the tests and by soliciting 
suggestions for further uses. 

The sophomore tests are part of a large 
testing movement which embraces both 
secondary schools and colleges and which 
aims to measure cultural growth. Recog- 
nizing the variability of achievement of 
students upon entrance to college, the com- 
mittee fostering the tests hopes to further 
the use of achievement tests for the placing 
of students in college at the level from 
which they are prepared to progress. The 
committee is co-operating with the Educa- 
tional Records Bureau and the Progressive 
Educational Committee in their studies of 
achievement in the secondary schools so 
that better guidance may be given students 
regarding entrance to college. It wishes 
to encourage intellectual growth and the 
integrating of knowledge from whatever 
source obtained by offering examinations 
which will be more comprehensive than 
tests on ground covered in various courses. 
The committee also believes that the "stu- 
dent must be brought to face his acquired 
intellectual acquaintance in new forms and 
new surroundings." It recommends, there- 
fore, "the systematic use of comparable 
tests available to institutions everywhere 
so that each student may have an accurate 
record of his achievement as measured 
against common standards." The problem 
of making such measurements is the task 
before the Advisory Committee on College 
Testing of the National Council on Edu- 
cation, a committee composed of leading 
educators, enjoying generous subvention 

(Turn to page 40) 


Sweet Briar College 

The Mary Helen Cochran 
Library, 1931-1932 

By Doris A. Lomer, Librarian 

IT may come as a surprise to many 
alumnae to hear that the Library (and 
by this I mean the book collection) has 
actually doubled in size since 1929. Even 
then the 16,000 books in the old library 
had overflowed the little building and were 
shelved in one of the vacant classrooms in 
Fletcher. Now over 32,000 volumes are 
housed in the Mary Helen Cochran Li- 
brary, and we are looking forward to in- 
creasing our stack shelving within the next 
two years in order to acconunodate the 
yearly growth. 

It is difficult to decide which of the 3,000 
books received bv the Library during the 
last year are most worthy of mention: 
long-wanted definitive editions were pur- 
chased for the English and History shelves, 
the Spanish section was greatl)" enlarged, 
and splendid Spanish and Italian encyclo- 
pedias were added to the reference collec- 
tion. This autumn a well-chosen list of 
German books has been bought, so that 
we now have a balanced working collec- 
tion in Modern Languages, and the same 
may be said for every other Department, 
for gaps have been filled in and sections 
brought up to date. 

Despite the depression we are subscrib- 
ing to more periodicals than ever before. 
and are making every effort to fill in our 
back files for reference purposes. The 
Library now has a representative collec- 
tion of current journals for every course 
given in the college, as well as of maga- 
zines of general interest. We also sub- 
scribe to half a dozen daily newspapers 
so that the campus may be posted on the 
news of the day. In all, 211 periodicals 
and newspapers are received, a very credit- 
able showins; for a college library. 

Last spring the Library had the good 
fortune to acquire the Carnegie Art Col- 
lection, a reference collection of books and 
pictures assembled by the College Art 
Association. To accommodate these addi- 
tions, as well as the art and archaeologv 
books previously in the Library, the large 
Snecial Libraries room was more com- 
pletely shelved and extra tables and chairs 
were installed. The comprehensive art 

■ ,ijfi»'"^ 

_^_^_^^^^_ Mk^^ 


Founders" Day Exhibit of Daisy Williams" Books 

reference collection contains not only 
books on architecture, archaeologv", sculp- 
ture and painting, but on textiles and cos- 
tumes, practical manuals of woodcutting 
and etching, and manuals for collectors. 
The Art Room is used in connection with 
the History and English courses as well 
as by the Art students. 

Another extension of the Library work 
is the fitting up of a room to contain pam- 
phlets, for much current material comes 
in pamphlet form and cannot be adequate- 
ly shelved in a book stack. \ ertical steel 
files and open files on the shelves are 
being filled with classified pamphlets. 

The Browsing Room collection is grow- 
ing slowly but steadily. A welcome gift 
of S250.00 from the Bramhler enabled us 
to add man) volumes to the collection 
which now numbers 620 books. A few 
novels were bought from this fund, but 
principally biographies, books of poetry 
and drama. A splendidly illustrated vol- 
ume on Asiatic mythology by Hackin has 
proved extremely interesting to the stu- 
dents. No effort is being made to purchase 

Alumnae News 


all the "best sellers" of the day (though of 
course some of these are chosen) for our 
plan is to build up a collection that will 
have a lasting appeal. 

A gratifying increase in attendance has 
been shoiMi during the past year. Stu- 
dents spent 96,504 hours in the Library 
and practically every chair in the building 
was occupied every afternoon and evening. 
The circulation too, has increased and 
17,955 books were borrowed during the 
term. This figure does not include the 
large number of volumes circulated inside 
the building. 

During the year we catalogued over 
5.000 books and added almost three times 
that number of cards to the new catalogue. 
]\Iuch remains to be done, but satisfactory 
progress has been made in absorbing addi- 
tions of books unusual in number for the 
yearly gro^rth of a college library. 

Exhibits have been a prominent feature 
of the work of the library, and these have 
been interesting and varied: reproductions 
of etchings bv Rembrandt, and original 
etchings by Grant Reynard, samples of 
textiles, caricatures by Max Beerbohm, 
examples of modern photography, por- 
traits of musicians of today and silhou- 
ettes of Americans of the IS-SO's. A loan 
collection of original plates illustrating 
the graphic arts was our most important 





-'::'Y CHILDREN N^L£> 


A Poster Made by One of the Sweet Briar 

HELP 5we:e:t BRIAR'5 

Another Poster Made in the Interest of the 
Travelling Library 

exhibit, and a poster contest among the 
students was undoubtedly the most popular 
feature. Prizes were given for the best 
posters, and a great deal of originality 
was shown in those submitted. On Found- 
ers' Day this autumn, one of the glass 
exhibit cases displayed Daisy \^ illiams' 
books, and in another case were volumes 
which belonged to the Fletcher and Wil- 
liams families in the first part of the 19th 
century. Among Daisy's books Grimm's 
and Andersen's fairy tales stood side by 
side with the x\rabian iSights, Robinson 
Crusoe and Little Women, while in the 
other case Peter Parley, a Manual of 
Etiquette, and a Ladies Equestrian Guide 
pointed to the sterner upbringing of the 
children of an earlier generation. 

So far we have spoken of work within 
the library, but we have had one interest- 
ing extra-mural activity in the establish- 
ment of Travelling Libraries for the one 
and two room schools of Amherst Count)'. 
On side roads of the county, in the foot- 
hills of the Blue Ridge, are more than 
thirty little one and two room schools 
where no books but school texts are to be 
found. The children in these schools are 
as intelligent as those elsewhere in Vir- 
ginia, but they are badly handicapped by 
their lack of opportunities. To most of 


Sweet Briar College 

them reading is a thing that must be learnt 
at school, but one that is of no use to them 
outside, with their bookless homes and lack 
of access to libraries. It is little wonder 
then, that many of them drop out of school 
at the end of the secondary grades for lack 
of interest in studies that are with difficulty 
made interesting without books. The State 
makes some provision for school libraries, 
but certain funds must first be raised by 
the school. This is an almost impossible 
task in a poor agiicultural district in hard 
times, and few of the small schools can 
avail themselves of the State arrangement. 
Travelling Libraries, too, are sent out by 
the State, but are limited to six a year for 
each county, and they are not altogether 
free, as the school (and in most cases this 
means the teacher) must pay the postage. 
This fact, and the fact that they are not 
especially selected for the secondary 
schools, means that the State Travelling 
Libraries are used almost altogether in 
the larger and consolidated schools. One 
small library, that at Elon, should be 
mentioned for the good work that it is 
doing with the children. Under the guid- 
ance of interested helpers this library has 
grown to more than one thousand books 
housed in a little one room building, and 
circulates more than 200 books weekly to 
the children and adults of the community. 
Last year Sweet Briar students were ap- 
pealed to for children's books for the Elon 

Library and collected over 250 volumes. 
This generous response and the interest 
shown by the students in the country chil- 
dren made the librarian and some of the 
faculty think that Sweet Briar could extend 
its field by helping the more isolated and 
less self dependent communities, by send- 
ing to the small schools travelling libraries 
of good and attractive books more espe- 
cially designed for the use of the younger 

The County Superintendent of schools 
was consulted, and agreed that the district 
supervisor of schools, who is keenly in- 
terested in the plan, could transfer the 
books from school to school. In this way 
the problem of free transportation was 
solved at the outset. With funds subscribed 
by the faculty and staff a collection of 
books was bought, well printed editions, 
with gay pictures, of Grimm's fairv tales, 
Robinson Crusoe, Robin Hood, Peter Rab- 
bit, Alice in Wonderland and many other 
old favorites. Helpful students made 
posters for publicity and decorated with 
the college seal a box made in the college 
workshop, and on Founders' Day the first 
Sweet Briar Travelling Library was an 
accomplished fact. The box of books and 
the posters were shown beside the case of 
Daisy's books, as a memorial to that Am- 
herst County child, and a few days later 
the Travelling Library started on its initial 

(Turn to page 40) 

Another Poster The First Sweet Briar Travelling Library 

May You, as Lipsius Asked of His "Gentle Readers" — "Look with Favour Upon Our Work" 

Aluminae News 


Rue de Chevreuse 

By Abbe Ernest Dimnet 

(Editor's Note — Abbe Dimnet, distinguished Frenchman, is the author of ''The Art of Think- 
ing," "The Bronte Sisters," "What We Live By,"' and many other critical and philosophical works. 
He has visited frequently in America, and in October, 1930, he lectured at Sweet Briar.) 

THE American University Women's 
Club is in the rue de Chevreuse. Why 
is there nothing arresting about the 
name of the rue Bara, next corner, while 
there is a graceful reserve, a native ele- 
gance in the name of this rue de Chevreuse? 
Some people who know that there existed 
once a ducal family of the same name, or 
who remember Port Royal, may imagine 
that the glamour of those souvenirs is re- 
flected in the name of the street, but it is 
not so : even the new arrivals from America 
cannot hear the restrained syllables of the 
word Chevreuse without wondering a little 
about its charm. 

The rue de Chevreuse branches off the 
rue Notre-Dame-de-Champs where I lived 
during many years. It used to be a seduc- 
tive though inconspicuous street, long, sinu- 
ous and deliciousl)- quiet. Many famous 
men in literature or art loved it. Whistler 
had his studio in a house still standing, 
overlooking a convent garden, and Ameri- 
can artists were fond of it. Even the aloof 
ultra-fashionable set known as "the Colo- 
ny" would sometimes leave their haunts 
between the Etoile and the Trocadero to 
visit cousins here, and while wondering at 
their "queerness" would get a whiff of a 
less obvious elegance than that of the 
Avenue d'lena. 

Today the street is not quite its old self. 
The disappearance of the Villa des Dames 
was a great blow, and so has been the 
erection of two or three modernities, but 
the rue Notre-Dame-des-Champs is still a 
street of convents with vast gardens and 
churmilles. of private mansions covly hid- 
den away from view, of art schools and 
of artists' studios. 

The rue de Chevreuse is a chip from that 
block, and looks strikingly like it, yet it 
leads to the busiest centre of the vain agi- 
tation which Montparnasse has come, of 
late, to represent. Less than a hundred 
yards away, the Dome and the Rotunde, 
the Clochards and the Vikings are what 
the Rat Mort and the Abbaye de Theleme 
at the other end of Paris used to be only 

a few years ago. But the rue de Chevreuse 
does not care and hardly seems to know. 
Reid Hall is a little world in itself, with 
its own physiognomy, its atmosphere, its 
shade and its church. The girls there must 
feel a complex satisfaction at being at the 
same time so near and so far above the 
places where expectant tourists sit blankly 
looking forward to shocks which do not 
come, or which come so like trained actors 
who know their cue that they no longer 
shock anyone. 

Happy girls living under the tutelage of 
a woman not much older than themselves 
but whose authority is not, and never can 
be questioned, because it is all reason and 
kindness. You see them oftener crossing 
the exquisite Luxembourg Gardens on their 
wa)' to the Sorbonne than strolling down 
the Boulevard Montparnasse. They are 
"American girls in Paris," but they are 
primarily students, and they show it: there 
is an eager seriousness on their young 
faces. Miss Leet every now and then gives 
a dinner to enliven things a little. Noth- 
ing can be more charming than those func- 
tions. On two occasions I have had the 
pleasure to be "the speaker of the even- 
ing." It was delightful to notice that every 
historic or literary allusion was fully reg- 
istered, and that when I was asked to sub- 
stitute my native French for my adopted 
English not a single nuance seemed to be 
missed. Clearly those American girls go 
home with two souls instead of one. 

Meanwhile the French people in the 
vicinity of Reid Hall are conscious of a 
perfect blending of charm and seriousness, 
and of happiness far superior to mere good 
times. It is a great gain. When comfort 
is not insolent it teaches elegance. As for 
co-operation it can never be shown enough 
to my compatriots. Thev cannot pass the 
rue de Chevreuse without beina; conscious 
of both and of many other excellent things 
into the bargain. I assure you Reid Hall 
may be a blessing for Smith College or 
Delaware University, but it is an even 
greater one for Paris. 


Sweet Briar College 

A Merry Christmas in Peiping, China 

By DoNNELL Dunbar Avirett Annan, ex '13 

(Editor's Note — Mrs. Annan was spending the winter in Peiping with Mr. and JNIrs. Hariy A. 
Franck at the time this article was written. Mr. Franck, known as the vagabond author, was at 
that time gathering the material for his volume, "Wanderings in North China.") 

chapel of the Church of England set among 
ancient trees deep within the walled gar- 
dens of the British Legation. The old 
familiar Christmas carols struck a soul- 
satisfying note and many a wanderer was 
for the moment carried by their lovely 
melodies to a far distant home. 

"t speak very honorably to wish you 
I Merry Christmas and a Prosperous 
•^ New Year." Wang makes a bow. 
At Christmas Eve dinner this greeting in 
red Chinese characters on the frosty white 
icing of a delectable cake, was presented 
to Mr. and Mrs. Harry Franck and myself 
by our little Chinese cook who momentarily 
usurped the duties of the number 1 boy and 
brought his handiwork himself from the 
kitchen into the dining room of the simple 
one-court Chinese dwelling that, hugging 
close to the East Tartar Wall, was our 
home in Peiping. After dinner we were 
trimming a tree for Harry, junior, aged 
three, when in came our entire retinue of 
servants, the "boy", the cook, the coolie, 
the rickshaw men and the "ama", each 
with hands full of gay-colored noisy 
Chinese toys and trinkets purchased with 
their sparse coppers for "Ha-li" to whom 
they were devoted. We, in turn, "made 
our bow" in terms of Mexican silver dol- 
lars and Christmas in old Peiping got off 
to a great start. 

We began Christmas Day at an early 
hour amidst the homey bustling excitement 
that occupies the attention of any American 
household, especially one that houses a 
male embryonic citizen of Uncle Sam's 
domain, whether it be east or west of Suez. 
It seemed only fitting that we further main- 
tain tradition by attending service in our 
own church. To our surprise we found our 
rickshaws festive with wreaths and tiny 
bells put there overnight by our faithful 
"boys" who ever ready and smiling had 
pulled us for uncounted miles. This morn- 
ing with an air of especial ceremony they 
placed our feet in the velvet carriage slip- 
pers, tucked the great fur robe around each 
one, stepped eagerly between the shafts and 
amid jangling bells and gay chatter whisked 
us rapidly through the maze of gray-walled 
"hutungs" that end suddenly in great Hata- 
men street and the Legation Quarter. After 
the garish delapidated Chinese temples with 
their Gods in the forms of painted Demons 
it was a joy to enter the sanctity of the 

A Steeplechase Race in the Afternoon 

Then with the virtuous feeling of duty 
pleasantly performed we plunged into the 
gala events that the gay sophisticated for- 
eign colony of Peiping had planned for 
Christmas celebration. Deserting our rick- 
shaws for a more rapid but less dependable 
conveyance from Detroit, we drove to Pao 
Ma Chang, the race course some distance 
from the city. This good mile track partly 
encircled by a canal fringed with drooping 
willow trees is the scene of splendid spring 
and fall meets but today all interest was 
centered in the gray brick club house where 
a tremendous "tiff en" party was on hand; 
"tiifen" being a word borrowed from India 
used for the noon day meal throughout the 
east. Most of the guests were in riding 
clothes, the cross country steeplechase for 
the Master's Cup being on for the after- 
noon. Sufficiently well fortified by food 
and cheering cup we mounted our small 
lean Mongolian horses brought from the 
city by the "mafoos" or Chinese grooms 
and, braving the bitter north wind that 
roared down from the Gobi desert plateau, 
rode from one strategic place to another 
to watch the race. The course was a point 
to point over a six and a half-mile well 
flagged course. Some of the jumps were 
natural mud walls but most were hurdles 
of "kaoliang", a species of coarse corn. 
Ten men faced the starter. The American 
favorite was Roy Chapman Andrews on 
"Squire", his pet pony. The famous ex- 
plorer in his green suede riding suit and 
boots with cap and feather set at a rakish 
angle, made as handsome a Robin Hood 
as one could hope to see. The favorite in 
the betting was the Commandant of the 
British Guard, Colonel Campbell-Order 

Alumnae News 

mounted on '"Luck)' Strike". The other 
entrants, British and American, were all 
excellent riders. As an old English general 
said, it ivas anyone's race, the intelligent 
rider on a handy pony having as good a 
chance as the hell-for-leather, lichety-split 

All ten got off to a great start. Several 
went down at the difficult fourth jump. 
Here the course came out of the canal bed 
it had been following into the open where 
not only the mud walls and kaoliang jumps 
were to be negotiated but sunken roads 
offered unknown dangers. At one of these 
Andrews in endeavoring to pull "Squire" 
up cannoned into a stone boundary post 
and came a terrific cropper. Certain that 
our bets were lost we rode hard over a 
short cut to watch the finish. Hundreds 
of Chinese and foreigners, mounted and 
dismounted, lined the bank of the Canal 
near the race track anxiously scanning the 
horizon for the dust of galloping ponies. 
Three ponies came in view. Surely that 
was "Squire" out in front. "Squire", 
larger than most Mongolian ponies, was 
conspicuous. Yes! No! Yes — it is 
"Squire" and her gallant rider Roy 
Chapman Andrews — in first at the finish. 
Colonel Campbell-Orde only three lengths 
behind, he. too, having had a spill. Sir 
Ronald Mcleary, the British Minister, pre- 
sented the Master's Cup then and there to 
the winner — a rather dishevelled capless 
Robin Hood covered with Chinese dust and 
kaoliang straw as well as with glory and 

The north wind blew colder. We all 
motored quickly back to the city to the 
Peiping Club where the Master's Cup was 
filled and emptied many times. The tennis 
court in die hollow square around which 
the Club was built had been converted into 
a skating rink, enclosed and roofed with 
a "peng" of straw mats. Here a skating 
contest was in progress. The American 
and British might distinguish themselves 
on horses but on skates the honors went 
to the Russian and Dutch contestants who 
performed in professional manner. The 
Chinese "boys" in the red coat liverv of 
the Club passed trays of hot cherry brandy 
to the onlookers while within the Club 
bowls of egg-noa: were served as a special 
compliment to the American guests. 

Fancy Dress Ball at Night 

All this was great fun but we must get 
ready for the annual social event, the 
Christmas night dinner and ball given by 
Lady Bredon, a Virginia woman of great 
charm who, married to i.n Englishman long 
departed this life, is the Empress Dowager 
of Peiping society. Apparently her origi- 
nalitv and inventiveness know no limit for 
each party was strikingly different, so the 
tale was told. Three little words, "Fancy 
Foot Dress" on this years invitation caused 
great consternation and scurrying hither 
and yon to Chinese markets and fairs, 
hasty letters to Japan, and cables to Ma- 
nila. Friends throughout the Orient were 
called upon to help make feet fancy for 
Lady Bredon's ball. Although my foot, 
size one and a half, has always been a 
trouble and expense to shoe, never had 
such an emergency arisen. I could find 
nothing to wear. The day before Christ- 
mas I was wandering in despair through 
the stalls of a market when my eye was 
caught by a tiny artificial tree not over 
three inches high. Inspiration came. I 
bought two of the diminutive trees and 
some minute trimmings and candles, had 
them firmly sewed on the toes of my silver 
slippers, and thus stepped gingerly and 
fancifully to the ball. 

Kipling's "Boots, boots, boots" was the 
leit motif of the party as the majority of 
the men wore one or another of the nu- 
merous types of Russian and Mongolian 
boots. The American diplomatic head 
came in Dutch wooden sabots, the Dutch 
minister in Indian moccasins. An attache 
of the British Legation with unusually 
small feet wore the high heeled slippers 
of the wife of the French minister. Several 
secretaries from the Mexican Legation 
stamped around in riding boots from our 
own Wild West. Some guests were still on 
skates. Two American bachelors clanked 
in with balls and chains intertwined around 
their ankles, a placard across their backs 
proclaiming. "We'll try anything once — 
This is the ONCE." 

The ladies were no less diverse in their 
choice of foot gear. Lady Bredon, natu- 
rally a tall woman, towered majestically 
over everyone on her Manchu shoes with 
stilt-like heels several inches high. The 

(Turn to page 40) 


. |s40T MONEY ^ 


Sweet Briar College 

From the Athletic Department 

THE Sweet Briar varsity hockey team 
is to be congratulated on winning 
both of the inter-collegiate matches 
that it played this fall. They won the 
opening game with a 5-1 victory over the 
State Teachers' College at Harrisonburg. 
The team won its second victory with a 
score of 2-1 against the College of Wil- 
liam and Mary. This game was played 
during the Virginia-North Carolina Hockey 
Tournament and furnished one of the most 
exciting games of the two days of play. 

The Virginia-North Carolina Hockey 
Tournament was held at the college on 
November 11 and 12. The following sent 
teams for this tournament: Harrisonburg, 
Farmville, Westhampton, Salem College, 
William and Mary, The Richmond Club, 
and the Washington Club. At the con- 
clusion of the tournament four of the 

Sweet Briar Varsity Team were chosen 
for the Inter-College Team. The four 
chosen were: Eleanor Alcott, Helen Han- 
son, Nancy Russell and Frances Darden. 

Interest in archery continues. Lydia 
Goodwyn, '34, won the first place in the 
advanced group in the tournament held 
November 4, and Martha Harvey, '36, 
won in the beginners' group. Both groups 
were required to shoot a Columbia round. 

Basketball practice is well under way 
and the varsity team looks more promising 
than ever. All of the girls who played in 
the final game last year are back and much 
interest has been shown, by the new girls, 
to try out. The Varsity schedule is as 
follows: February 11, Farmville at the 
college; February 18, The College of Wil- 
liam and Mary at Williamsburg, and Feb- 
ruary 25, Westhampton at Sweet Briar. 

The Garth-Estill Collection 

Mrs. W. F. Garth of Huntsville, Ala- 
bama, recently added to the collection of 
artifacts of the Mound Builders which she 
gave to the college last June. The collec- 
tion is given as a good-will offering for 
Mrs. Garth's daughter, Maria, now Mrs. 
Francis Marion Inge, who was a former 
student at Sweet Briar and for her grand- 
daughter, Alice Estill, who is a member of 

the class of 1934. 

Although a gift to the college, the col- 
lection will be housed in the library. The 
recent addition includes various pieces 
under the heading of flint objects and con- 
tains bevels, disioidal stones, axes, drills, 
arrow points, bird points, flint tools, peddle 
hammers, and arrow heads from Alabama, 
Western Kentucky, and Southern Illinois. 

We Point With Pride To 

Eugenia Griffin Burnett, '10, alumnae 
member of the Board of Overseers, who 
presided so graciously at the exercises on 
Founders' Day morning in the Chapel. 

A check, just received, for two hundred 
dollars from the Alumnae Club of Indiana 
for their 1933 contribution to the Asso- 

Elkanah East Taylor, one of the original 
"36", who is one of the nineteen women 

from the State of Virginia to be included 
in the 1933 edition of "Who's Who". 

The New York Alumnae Club, which has 
been asked to serve on the Club Division 
of the Gibson Emergency Unemployment 
Relief Committee of which Mrs. August 
Belmont is general chairman and Mrs. Paul 
Chapin is division chairman. 

The telegrams and letters, numbering 
more than fifty, of congratulation on the 
October number of the Alumnae News. 

Alumnae News 


To the Left— 

The Author with Her 

The Glohe Theatre. 

The Globe Theatre 

An Adventure in Marionettes 

By Elizabeth Carrington EgclestO-N. '19 

THE roots of The Globe Theatre prob- 
ably strike back twenty years to a 
great shadow)' attic with a red-cur- 
tained stage at its farthest end. There we 
played Bluebeard and sundry melodramas, 
and were only deterred b)' grown-up 
authority from producing Shakespeare's 
greater tragedies. 

The idea of puppets came in the summer 
of '25. A cousin and I were sitting in the 
bow window of a little stone inn in the 
North of Wales. The empty village green 
outside suddenly swarmed with children. 
Thev tumbled and milled about and chat- 
tered in Welsh until it seemed some pleas- 
ant bedlam had come about. The Pied 
Piper of the occasion was a little calico- 
covered booth on two legs, which came to 
rest just opposite us. There was a tiny 
curtain that pulled, and with a squeaky 
nasal voice, Mr. Punch appeared and went 
through his antics. However, we soon for- 
got him in watching the faces of the spell- 
bound children. I made a resolve. "That 
is what I am going to do when I get home." 
By a sea-coal fire in a thatched farm 
house on the Devonshire coast, another 
root struck in. Amey Smyth and I were 
ending our holidays there in late Septem- 
ber, and while she dug away at Browning, 
I worked over a marionette play "just to 
have it ready." 

In Oxford that winter, she and I put- 
tered with a wooden box and several cheap 

dolls. Our plan was to rig up a tiny show, 
put it on the handlebars of our bicycles 
and peddle around to the neighboring vil- 
lages. Whether the local authorities would 
have stood it or not, was never known, for 
the result was a dismal failure and never 
saw the light of day. 

Five years later, here in Hampden-Syd- 
ney, a crony, Asa D. Watkins, aged tliir- 
teen, said wistfully, "I made a little card- 
board stage, but it isn't much good. Some- 
day I want a real stage of my own." 

"We'll have a marionette show now," 
said I, so we swore by the Nine Gods, and 
this was the beginning of our theatre. 

We got a grocery box, a few old dolls, 
and some Christmas tree lights and went 
to work. The result was flat failure. One 
doll did wiggle an arm, but even she 
whirled so drunkenly that she was impos- 
sible. We figured that thev weren't heavy 
enough, so we bought some cheap celluloid 
dolls, and stuffed their arms and legs with 
gravel. We had failure after failure. 
Finally an absurd Hansel and Grethel 
were evolved, but they were patently five 
and ten cent store products, and hopped 
like frogs. Wynken, Blynken and Nod 
seemed an ideal venture, as their one re- 
quirement was to ride in a shoe, but a 


Sweet Briar College 

To the Left — 

The Court Scene from 


Below — 
Jim Hawkins and Long John 
Silver, two of Stevenson's 
famous characters from 
"Treasure Island." 

charitable mother gave away the shoe on 
the eve of the performance, so that, too, 
perished. All this covered weeks of pa- 
tient experiment which seemed to lead no- 

Finally it occurred to me to see what 
could be done with a cake of soap, and 
the little woman who evolved herself there- 
from caused triumph and jubilation to our 
weary hearts. Her hands and feet were 
moulded from wax, her body was a lump 
of soap covered with a bit of old stocking, 
and her little soap head had a most know- 
ing air. From that time on, nothing could 
stop us. 

It was most exciting. We never quite 
knew what would evolve, but after much 
toil, a delightful fairy-tale creature would 
materialize from most unlikely ingredients. 
A witch came next, possessed from the first 
by the Evil One, with a diabolical penchant 
for getting her strings tangled, and a night- 
marish ability to dance to the Fire-Music 
from Die Walkure. Then came a princess, 
w'ith long golden hair; a most haughty 
queen, who devastated us all by her aris- 
tocracy; a dragon; a gnome: a ^-ulga^ little 
dancing girl; and a jester with a delicious 
touch of pathos. The prince, dark and 
romantic, was stubbornly stiff-legged de- 
spite hours of toilsome operations. The 
king would never materialize, thouah we 
carved and moulded for several weeks, so 
we had him off at the wars when the plav 
took place. 

The stage was a jov, the nicest we've 
made — for marionettes and their belong- 
ings have distinct personalities and are not 
over-biddable. For footlights we used 

Christmas tree lights, for a platform on 
which to stand, the Watkins" study table. 
( It has never quite recovered its pristine 
freshness.) The discarded landscapes of 
an artist parent were our first scenery. 

In the beginning, most of the work had 
been done in conjunction with Asa Wat- 
kins, who gave every moment out of school 
hours to making crosspieces, moulding 
wax, and experimenting with stage effects. 
His grandmother, Mrs. Orrin Day, was 
court costumer, and from minute scraps, 
fashioned little costumes gay and full of 
personality. By this time there was a 
staunch following of youngsters who la- 
boured too, Judy Watkins, Margaret Gail- 
lard, Henry Massey, Spencer Wilson, 
George Walker and Alexander Williams. 

At last, the marionettes being ready for 
a performance, and a rehearsal declared, 
someone discovered that we hadn't a play. 
The one we had planned called emphati- 
cally for a king, and the king hadn't come 
into being. But that difiicultv was soon 
brushed aside and '"Black Magic " w'as 
sketched to fit the existing puppets. The 
youngsters made up their own dialogue as 
they w-ent along. 

The long-toiled-for performance took 
place in Professor Watkins' study. The 

Alumnae News 


stage was on a stand, and the puppeteers 
stood behind it on the atore-mentioned 
study table. The whole was curtained off 
with old sheets, but we had an elegant 
draw curtain of green rep that worked 
with astonishing efficiency. Everyone in 
the village turned out, from the dean of 
the college to the plumpest three-year-old. 
The audience was hilarious, the applause 
uproarous. ^Margaret fell off the table, 
but as she didn't break her leg. tlimgs went 
merrilv on. \^ hen the prince and princess 
walked off to the wedding march from 
Lohengrin, we knew we had scored a suc- 
cess and puppets had arrived in Hampden- 
Sydney to stay. 

Late that spring, having overflowed from 
the Watkins' study into the library, parlor, 
bedrooms, sleeping porch and kitchen of 
the Eggleston home, Mrs. Eggleston in 
desperation suggested that we move into 
her unused garage. Not a moment was 
allowed for recantation. A negro man, a 
carpenter, brooms, whitewash pails and ex- 
cited puppeteers transformed the place in 
record time. One puppeteer, daubed with 
whitewash, blissfully paused in the midst 
of operations to say, "Oh Elizabeth, this 
reminds me so much of Shakespeare's 
Globe Theatre!" And thus it was named. 

That summer we rested from our labors, 
but the rats did not. On reopening the 
theatre in September, we found only the 
sad little chewed corpses of our Black 
Magic troupe — our first and best-loved 

After the funeral we set to work with 
renewed zest, this time on a set of cloth 
animals for Kipling's "The Elephant's 
Child.' One by one they emerged from 
their puppet jungle of pre-existence, and 
by Hallowe'en we were ready for the play. 
There was one drawback. The Globe only 
seated seventeen people. Nothing daunted, 
we hired a carpenter, embezzled some old 
college lumber, and by the night of the 
performance had a theatre that seats fifty 
grown-ups or sixty children. On the day 
of the play there was a frantic puppeteer 
on the telephone, "Elizabeth, don't be ner- 
vous, but we've forgotten the Kolokolo 
bird." It was true, but ingenuity produced 
him and the play was given. 

The next week we repeated it for the 
benefit of the colored folks of the com- 
munity. They were a most interesting 
audience to play to, and did not miss a 

By this time the weather was getting 
cold, but the Wilsons contributed a stove, 
so the work went on. Now we were in 
deadly earnest. "We w^ere going to make 
them by Tony Sarg's method" — and make 
them we did. though it took every Saturday 
night from November imtil May to create 
the seventeen marionettes necessary for 
Treasure Island. These have heads of 
papier mache, hands of wire, bound with 
adhesive tape, legs of plaster, shoulder 

Top — 

The Queen and the Princess 
in "Black Magic." 

To the Right— 
A scene from 



Sweet Briar College 

and hip pieces of wood, and hollow bodies 
of unbleached muslin. We proceeded, not 
by the trial and error method, but exclu- 
sively by the error method it seemed to us. 
We took to pieces, and did over, our re- 
spective jobs until it seemed flesh would 
bear it no longer. But at last they were 
all ready, Jim Hawkins, Long John Silver, 
Israel Hands, Billy Bones and the rest of 
the crew. The boys painted the scenery 
for this play, using ordinary five-and-ten- 
cent-store house paint on unbleached mus- 
lin. The properties were fascinating to 
make. Our masterpiece is the steering 
wheel which Jim Hawkins can turn round 
and round. 

Treasure Island had to be dramatized 
especially for marionettes, but this was a 
pleasant piece of work. Then came the 
grim necessity for speaking distinctly. 
The decree was "no mumbling, no South- 
ern slurring, and no shouting". So each 
puppeteer, having learned his part, would 
be placed at one end of the dining room. 
I, at the opposite side of the house, would 
hold the script. And though I blush to 
confess to such brutal tactics, I will have 
to admit I made each puppeteer hold a 
large sofa-cushion in front of his face and 
talk into it. If each syllable was clear to 
me two rooms away, well and good, other- 
wise we repeated it until it was. There 
was a consonant chart too, hopefully de- 
signed to correct the more glaring defects 
of Southern speech, but it hardly received 
enthusiastic support. In fact it seemed the 
better part of valor to drop the matter. 

Until school was out, the practices were 
more or less desultory. But as soon as 
the youngsters were free, there was a week 
of hard practice, two hours, morning and 
night. Ere this, I fell by the wayside, so 
Mrs. David Wilson brought the play to 

Its opening night was a great success. 
As usual, the entire village turned out. 
There was an orchestra consisting of a 
guitar, a mouth organ, and a jew's-harp: 
the ushers and box-office officials were, 
according to our custom, children too 
young to belong to the club; and a small 
traffic cop saw to it that there was no 
confusion in parking. We've given it quite 
a few times since, but never with the thrill 
of that first night. 

Another Scene from "Treasure Island" 

In the summer the Club scattered on 
various trips. In spite of this, a good bit 
of quiet experimenting was done in the 
Globe workroom on working out a stage 
and simple puppets that very small chil- 
dren could manage. These are little rigid 
figures pushed on and off by stiff wires, 
somewhat in the German tradition. 

In the late summer, a group of children 
in the grades, who had been rather wistful 
hangers-on, formed themselves into a Junior 
club. In a month or so, they produced 
Jack and the Beanstalk with cloth mario- 
nettes. This play was coached by Asa D. 
Watkins, the leader of the Senior Puppet- 
eers. Perhaps in the spring an even young- 
er group may be launched on its dramatic 

To sum up the matter, we haven't a great 
deal to show for nearly two years of hard 
and patient work. Our assets consist of a 
dilapidated, but delightful little theatre; 
several sets of crude but lively mario- 
nettes; a good bit of skill gained with our 
fingers; and the memory of innumerable 
hilarities. We've cooked amazingly un- 
hygienic suppers out there; we've often 
ended the evening with ghost stories so 
gruesome, everyone was afraid to go home; 
and aside from our regular plays, we've 
had numerous impromptu and very ribald 

The most interesting feature of the proj- 
ect is that a group of busy High School 
students have found time to carry it out. 
The scheme has required patience, per- 
sistence and a good deal of hard work. 
It has often taken careful planning and 
sacrifice to fit marionettes into the crowded 

(Turn to page 35) 

Alumnae News 


The Objectives of Fund Raising 

(Editor's Note — Objectives of Fund Raising is the second of a series of articles on this inter- 
esting subject appearing in the Alumnae News each issue during the coming year. This article -was 

written by Herbert F. Taylor, Alumni Secretary, 
part here.) 

AMERICAN college alumni are gen- 
erous contributors, but they insist 
upon knowing the objects for which 
their gifts are solicited. The needs of 
various institutions differ widely. Conse- 
quently there is much diversity in the ob- 
jectives established for the raising of an- 
nual alumni funds. The objectives dis- 
closed by the survey are grouped in this 
chapter under general classifications for 
comparative purposes. 

1. Alumni Association Operations. The 
operating expenses of the alumni associa- 
tion are financed, in whole or in part, from 
gifts to the alumni fund at many institu- 
tions. A few institutions, notably Berea, 
Dayton, Haverford, MacMurray, Michigan 
State, Rollins, and Rutgers, use the entire 
income for association maintenance. 

Other institutions deduct from the annual 
income the amount required for operating 
expenses and contribute the balance to the 
institution for unrestricted or designated 

2. Unrestricted Gifts. The objective of 
several alumni funds is to secure unre- 
stricted gifts to be used for the current 
expense budget of the institution. 

Among the institutions that receive a 
portion and in most cases a large portion 
of the net alumni fund income for current 
uses are: Amherst, Baldwin-Wallace, Bates, 
Beloit, Bowdoin, Brown, Colgate, Colum- 
bia, Cornell, Creighton, Goucher, Heidel- 
berg, Knox, Lafayette, Lawrenceville, Mari- 
etta, Mount Holyoke, New York University, 
North Carolina, Pembroke, Radcliffe, Ran- 
dolph-Macon, Smith, Stevens, Tufts, Vas- 
sar, Wellesley, and Worcester. In some of 
these cases the use to be made of the appro- 
priation is designated or suggested. 

3. Capital Fund Gifts. Although most 
annual alumni funds are collected for cur- 
rent use, there are a few organizations that 
seek only capital gifts. Others operate on 
the dual basis of collecting gifts for income 
and gifts for endowment. Still others ap- 

^ orcester Polytechnic Institute, and is printed in 

propriate a portion of the net income for 
a principal fund. 

Those that collect gifts both for current 
uses and for capital funds are: Bowdoin, 
Brown, Columbia, Cornell, Hobart, Law- 
renceville, Mount Holyoke, New York 
University, North Carolina, Northwestern, 
Smith, Wellesley. and Yale. 

Among institutions at w'hich a portion of 
the annual income is appropriated to a 
reserve or principal fund are: Bates, Buck- 
nell, Knox, Vassar, Worcester, and Yale. 

4. Special Objectives. Assistance for 
students and the auginenting of faculty 
income are popular objectives. Brown, 
Chicago, Colgate, Kenyon, Mount Holyoke, 
New York University, Northwestern, Penn- 
sylvania, Phillips Exeter, Smith, Vassar, 
Wellesley, Wesleyan", Williams, Wooster, 
and Worcester, all list among their specific 
objectives the securing of funds, current 
or capital, for professorships, faculty sal- 
ary increases, or similar projects. 

Funds for fellowships, scholarships or 
student loans are also sought. 

Portions of the annual alumni fund are 
used for promoting student activities at 
Bates, Marietta. Stevens, and Wesleyan. 

Lectureships, libraries, research, or other 
similar features of the institution are as- 
sisted by annual gifts at Bates, Brooklyn, 
Brown, Chicago, Cornell, Lehigh, Mount 
Holyoke, New York University, North- 
western, Randolph-Macon, Vassar, and 

Buildings, equipment, and campus im- 
provements are sought by Baldwin-Wallace, 
Boston LTniversity. Brooklyn, Cornell, Hei- 
delberg, Lehigh. Marietta, Mount Holyoke, 
North Dakota, Radcliffe, Smith, Tufts, and 

Some of the other fund raising organi- 
zations do not report these special projects 
as objectives, liut announce tliem in their 
fund publicity as worthy of alumni sup- 

*Wherever Wesleyan 

mentioned the reference is to Wesleyan University at Middletown, 


Sweet Briar College 

Gail Shepard, '33, is the 
holder of the Manson 
Memorial Scholarship for 

Irving Chidnoff 

My Year in France 

By Gail Shepard, '33 

OH, you who have not lived a year 
in France, in a real French home, 
and who have not studied about 
France in France, cannot know what this 
last year has meant to me! It is a part 
of me now. But it meant nothing more 
than a faraway dream to me while I was 
planning to go. And even after we were 
well established at Nancy we had felt for 
so long that Europe was only a dream, 
that we could hardly realize there was an 
ordinary cement sidewalk under our feet. 
For we did go to Nancy first, to spend 
three months getting acquainted with the 
customs and language of our adopted land. 
Nancy is a quiet provincial town in the 
foothills of the Vosges, in Lorraine. It 
was, during the reign of Louis XV the 
capital of King Stanislas Leczinski, who 
organized and beautified the city, giving 
it its lovely Place Stanislas and Place de 
la Carriere. The Universitv there is third 

best in France (after Paris and Lyons), 
and offers summer comses to foreign stu- 
dents. And a quiet provincial town offers 
no distractions to those who wish to study. 
We rather gloated over having worked 
harder than ever before in our lives. 
After all, though that part of it was a 
nightmare, we were all in the same boat 
so nobody could complain. 

Perhaps I have not been very clear 
about who "we" were. There were ninety 
of us from many different American col- 
leges, enrolled as members of the L'niver- 
sity of Delaware Foreign Study Group. 
The University of Delaware provided us 
with counselors, directors, directresses, and 
tutors, supervised our study, arranged our 
courses, managed our financial affairs, or- 
ganized dances, teas, picnics, excursions 
to the surrounding places of interest, and 
placed us by twos in French homes. In 
fact I would rather have been the hardest- 
working Czechoslavakian student in Nancy 
than anv member of the Delaware staff. 
The efficiency of their system, however, was 
something to be wondered at. 

Alumnae News 


The simple, comfortable people with 
whom we lived made us feel they had a 
real affection for us, an affection which 
we certainly returned. The darling widow 
and her daughter in whose house I was, 
fed me to bursting, and gave me a hot 
water bottle every night. And at meals, 
^\'hich lasted for hours, we would talk of 
everything in the world. It was through 
their eyes that I first began to see France. 
And I learned another thing, that the 
French are human beings like the rest of 
us. The}- have the same loves and hates, 
the same problems as we, and French girls 
dream the same dreams American girls do. 
Only they have, because they are an old 
nation and a Catholic nation, a security 
and inner peace, which I, among them, felt 
and still feel able to share, but which I 
lose when I let in the doubts Americans 
are assailed with. I do not mean that the 
French have no doubts, no questions, but 
that in facing them they can put their 
backs to a wall of faith and tradition. 
This, most Americans have not, as yet. 
And our traditional culture is preserved 
by so very few. The past, to the French, 
is half their life. I could rot mention 
Nancy without telling you of Stanislas. 

These things, to me, are the superiority 
of the French, in spite of their post-war 
disquietude. I mav be descending from 
the sublime to the ridiculous when I say 
I missed the superiority of American break- 
fasts, bathtubs, and sober wall-paper! 

While we ^vere in Nancy we made, as I 
said, several trips: to Domremy, to Toul, 
to Metz, to Verdim and the battlefields. 
We in far away vVmerica who did not see 
the war cannot know, will never under- 
stand, what the war did to France and to 
the soul of her people. The land in the 
east is untillable for miles and miles, being 
full of shells, perhaps unexploded. Here 
was the village of Fluery and we see not 
a single stone. 

One of our trips was to the Alps, for 
two weeks. As long as I live I will not 
forget the beauty of the mountain-girt 
valley of Grenoble, threaded by a silver 
river — all spread before us from the ridge 
of the Grande Chartreuse. And then, at 
Chamonix, we climbed the Mer de Glace 
where beloved M. Perrichon had his acci- 

On the first of November we went to 
Paris. How different the France of the 
capitol from the France of provincial Lor- 
raine! Paris which is Montmartre and 
passy — Paris of the rue de Rivoli and the 
rue St. Jacques, of Notre-Dame, the Lou\Te, 
the Luxembourg, all at once. How I loved 
its tiny crooked streets and toppling chim- 
neys, its churches, museums and theatres, 
its classic gardens and vistas and boule- 
vards lined with elegant shops and box- 
wood screened cafes! 

I am utterly bewildered as to how to tell 
you of my life there — it was so full, from 
day to day. Three of us were very fortu- 
nate in living with a charming family, well- 
born, of an old Breton house. They had 
come to Paris during the war, and had a 
beautiful apartment in the Quartier de 1' 
Europe. Again we were treated as the 
daughters of the house. Their friends were 
our friends. We were asked everywhere 
they went, to teas, and soirees and balls 
at the Circle de Paris and the Circle des 
Provinces Francaises. We were also intro- 
duced into some very lovely homes. But 
again it was the long conversations we had 
that meant most to me. At last, through 
the eyes of the beloved friends, we began 
to see "le vrai visage de la France." 

As different as was the social life of 
Paris from that of Nancy was the study at 
the Sorbonne from the twenty-five hour-a- 
week schedule of grammar, literature, art 
and history of our Nancy days. The 
courses were entirely lecture courses, cours 
de Civilization given for foreign students, 
which we attended as we saw fit. Each 
course was credited according to the re- 
sults of the final examinations, one oral 
and one written. Our supplementary read- 
ing was guided by the group staff. Every 
two weeks we wrote a dissertation fa small 
term paper!! on some subject related to 
our major course. We also wrote weekly 
compositions for practice in current French, 
and had private lessons in phonetics or 
grammar, or discussion of a play seen 
during the week. Besides these weekly 
plays, the group sometimes attended the 
opera or the productions of the Comedie 

At Christmas we had a number of 
special treats — dances and plays and a 

(Turn to page 38) 


Sweet Briar College 

Dividends Preferred 

By An Anonymous Friend 

THE recent meeting of the country's 
educators at what was called the Con- 
ference of Universities on the Obliga- 
tion of Universities to the Social Order 
brought to my door several pertinent dis- 
cussions and recalled to my mind a remark 
of a college professor, made quite casually 
to his class a decade ago. It had startled 
me then, but because time had seemed to 
prove his prophecy a false one I had put 
it quite out of my mind. It came back to 
me with new meaning when I thought of 
the college problems discussed at the con- 
ference and the particular problems of 
students whom college has not helped to 
make an adjustment to the social order in 
M'hich they now find themselves. 

The college professor had said, "There 
will come a time when the college of lib- 
eral arts, organized as it is now in the 
United States, will have to justify its ex- 
istence." Even then on a cold morning 
when first periods began at eight o'clock 
and one was apt to doze lightly over prin- 
ciples of education or theories of govern- 
ment this was a back-straightening remark. 
Yet it was flung at us without comment 
and given no support by further explana- 
tion. There it stood and for these many 
years it has remained an enigma to those 
of us who had thought that those years 
between seventeen and twenty-one could 
best be regulated and enlarged by ex- 
periences which only a college training 
offered. I am not sure that the question 
of preparation for the adjustment to the 
present social order existed so clearly in 
our minds, but there was an implicit be- 
lief in the rightness of our decision to 
undergo the rigors of a college training. 
But now that adjustment to the social 
order was recognized by the conference as 
one of the demands put upon the modern 
college and university yet denied as an 
accomplishment bv several disappointed 
graduates, I was led to consider the social 
movements within the past decade which 
had put educational institutions on the de- 
fensive, so to speak, in the minds of these 
youns graduates. I was bound also to 
consider with them the recent great move- 
ment of hundreds of youths toward col- 

lege. Like all movements, this one was 
made up of individuals with varied aims. 
But rich and poor, earnest and frivolous, 
capable and ill-equipped, all sought their 
varied ends by one means. This move- 
ment had grown in pace, numbers, and 
importance. But today I was told that 
with competition cutting wide swathes in 
the college-trained, white-collared group, 
many consider this "panacea for adjust- 
ment to the social order a complete blank." 
The social order has changed, and college 
should help the student prepare himself 
to meet this increasing competition. The 
conference recognized this new challenge, 
they said, and quoted President Angell 
who had agreed that "the university is 
an integral part of the society it serves 
and it could not, if it would, be oblivious 
to the necessities of that social order." 
Yet tlie numbers of jobless college men 
and women today would seem to belie the 
eff'ectiveness of the college, they concluded 

Then I took up the cudgel, still hugging 
that implicit belief which in the face of 
this challenge had become a bit more ar- 
ticulate in my mind. Are you not all 
asking too much of the college of liberal 
arts? I began. In the first place, all 
movements cause unhappiness because they 
foster too many hopes. The pioneer move- 
ment caused untold unhappiness because 
those who participated thought it would 
cure too many ills and beget too many 
fortunes. You come to the college asking 
the liberty to rove among treasures, to 
know much of the best that has been said 
and thought, to become aware of new ideas 
and problems. The college of liberal arts 
has never professed to offer more than a 
training of the intellect and the joy that 
accrues from that training. It must justify 
its existence by helping you to understand 
this new social order. It must show you 
how to think on the new problems, how 
to become internationally-minded. But to 
expect more than this is to expect some- 
thing which the college does not profess 
to offer. It is to attach importance to all 
of the so-called aims of a college, many 
of which the college never wished or ad- 

That. I say, was my rejoinder when re- 
cently I was challenged for making an in- 

Alumnae News 


vestment which today is paying so few 
dividends to many young investors. 

Then facts and figures were arrayed 
against me before I could remonstrate fur- 
ther. The number of college-bred office 
boys and waffle-demonstrator college girls 
is increasing every year, I was told. The 
fields always recognized as woman's by 
right are saturated, and, quoting directly 
from the personnel office of a large wo- 
man's college, I was further informed 
"that there are practically no paid posi- 
tions, teaching or otherwise, open to the 
graduate who possesses only an A. B." 

If then, I was further pursued, the train- 
ing offered by the college is only back- 
ground needing a professional training, to 
complete one's usefulness, then does not 
the college feel the necessity of justifying 
its existence? Familiar words again; but 
I was more alert than that morning a 
decade ago and I replied to my assailants 
again by definitely asking if any college 
had ever guaranteed a job to any one of 
its graduates. 

Eighty years ago in England, twenty 
years after co-education was first adopted 
by an American college, this same question 
was considered by a great teacher who 
came to this conclusion. "If a practical 
end must be assigned to a university course 
I say it is that of training good members 
of society. Its art is the art of social life 
and its end is fitness for the world." 
Through the years men have tried to as- 
sign other duties to the university course, 
but in the recent conference there was ex- 
pressed again the idea of ultimate gains 

versus economic fitness which my assail- 
ants were stressing. "The university of 
the future," the president of a midwestern 
university had said, "should develop along 
lines of giving high place to spiritual 
values. Where the spiritual tends to di- 
minish in significance, growth and joy of 
life decline. The problem of the univer- 
sity of the future, so far as it concerns the 
spiritual, will relate in part to apprecia- 
tion of relative values, in part to things 
which are really fundamental in life of the 
moment, and especially to that which con- 
nects itself with continuing development." 
After all, the education offered by the 
college of liberal arts is concerned with 
eternal things, or as one writer expressed 
it, "the individual must be made by edu- 
tation a citizen of a city not made with 
hands. That is why, as I see it, we study 
history and literature, philosophy and 
science — for the relish of eternity in 
them." It is a training preparing one for 
a "fuller life than anything that inductive 
reason can give us," remarked Alfred 
Noyes, and the eternal rather than the 
temporal values are those developed by 
this "useless" knowledge of the college of 
liberal arts. And then, to have a last 
word in the argument, I added finally, 
learning is, if not the whole, at least an 
important part of good living, and if 
growth and the joy of life are promoted 
by the college, I cannot ask that it provide 
me with bread and jam as well. That, I 
take it, lies outside the province of an in- 
stitution which professes to feed only the 
spirit and the mind. 

The Globe Theatre — An Adventure in Marionettes 

(Continued from page 30) 

experimenting with dramatic masks 

routine of school, athletics and social ac- 
tivities. Each one has contributed a gen- 
erous share to the welfare of the whole. 
But special praise is due its moving spirit, 
Asa D. Watkins Junior, who is responsible 
for a full half of whatever success we have 
achieved. He has captained well an en- 
thusiastic, ingenious, unselfish and hard 
working marionette team. 

Whether this is the end. or the begin- 
ning, I do not know. The interests of 
youngsters shift overnight, and there is 
always the financial difficulty. Already 
The Globe is putting out sturdy little 
shoots. The group of Juniors has been 

some weeks. A series of lectures for 
grown-ups by notables from the outside 
world will begin in November, and a pro- 
jected contest of negro quartets, for neigh- 
borhood darkies, is scheduled for early 
spring. Any one of these may overshadow, 
and eventually crowd out marionettes, or 
the whole project may die a natural death 
before the vear is out. At anv rate. I like 
to think that it has made its contribution 
of happy memories to a little group, who. 
soon enough, must face the realities and 
complexities of the jumbled world that 
older people have made for them. 


Sweet Briar College 

The Measure of Milton 

Oliver's Secretary 

By Dora Neill Raymond 

Minton Balch & Co. 

Reviewed by Burton Rascoe 

(Editor's Note — This review by Mr. Burton Rascoe was written especially for the Sweet Briar 
Alumnae Neics and the New York San. Mr. Rascoe is the well-known American critic and former 
editor of the Bookman. His new book. "Titans of Literature," is a lively survey of general litera- 
ture and includes a particularly interesting chapter on Milton. We wish to take this opportunity to 
thank ^Ir. Rascoe for this review of Mrs. Raymond's book.) 

WHEN John Milton was in his 
fourth year at Cambridge he was 
privileged to speak in the public 
schools. At the first opportunity he dis- 
played that overweening egotism and those 
delusions of persecution which were to 
characterize him throughout his life, lead- 
ing him to write innumerable tracts osten- 
sibly on general ideas, but actuall)' full of 
personal vilification of his opponents and 
assertions of his superior righteousness 
and virtue. 

On that first occasion, "He told his au- 
dience that for almost so many heads as 
he beheld he saw visages that bore malice 
toward him, men lacking in right reason 
and sound judgment, as bare of wisdom 
as his nail, who when stripped of their 
pretentions nothingness must needs draw 
in their horns and creep away like certain 
little animals." 

All that, mark you, to j^oungsters who 
in all probability had never borne malice 
toward him, and who must have thought 
him a queer fish. Some time afterward 
he was made Master of the Routs, for some 
inexplicable reason. As a prologue for 
the exercises for which he had written the 
playlets he declared that "those who re- 
frained from laughter did so because they 
had bad teeth or feared to vomit forth 
their half-gorged dinners." 

It did not occur to him that many good 
people neglect to laugh because the)' don't 
think the show is funny. 

After having tried to bully his audience 
into laughing at his attempts at humor, he 
continued with a long harangue in which 
there were "Copious obscenities on the 
subject of his fatherhood of the Rout, 
references to the hostility he had formerly 
experienced and to the worthier work from 

which he was reluctantly detained, an ir- 
relevant address to the rivers of England." 

Nevertlieless, when he was in the au- 
dience as spectator he hissed the mispro- 
nunciations and the acting of the students 
and later wrote a pamphlet, stating that 
he was disgusted with the voung divinity 
students, "writhing and unboning their 
clergy limbs to all the antic and dishonest 
gestures of Trinculose, buffoons and 

While yet at school lie boasted so much 
of his purity and inveighed so much 
against the peccadiloes of his school mates 
that he was called "Our Lady of Christ's." 
Indeed, "by an overfondling adultation, 
he brushed the dew from that chastity, the 
rare freshness of which might otherwise 
have been admired. For silence in a Gal- 
ahad, it has been remarked, is as appro- 
priate as in a Launcelot." 

I have been quoting from a biography 
of rare wit and substance, "Oliver's Secre- 
tary." Mrs. Ra)-mond with many a mem- 
orable phrase of cutting irony and sar- 
donic comment has taken the measure of 
Milton as a man, although she has leaned 
to the far side of the orthodox received 
opinion as to Milton's merits as a poet 
and political force. The job of estimating 
Milton's character as a man is best left, 
I think, to a woman, and Mrs. Ra^Tnond 
seems to me to be just the woman for the 
job. Milton had the ideas of a Turk (be- 
fore the overthrow of Abdul Hamid) in 
regard to women. He held that women 
should be entirely submissive to the wills 
of men: he held a doctrine that practically 
denied souls to women and that avowed 
man alone to be capable of possessing 
divinity and that women should seek di- 
vinity only through men. 

Alumnae News 


Mrs. Raymond cites the several places 
where ^Milton advocated Polvgam)' and she 
finds it mildly amusing that he should do 
this, because his first wife left him within 
a few weeks after their marriage: he made 
ineffectual love to two women; his last 
wife was no more than a rather abused 
housekeeper to him, and his daughters 
came to hate him because of the tyrannous 
wav in which he kept them under sub- 
jection and ruined their lives. 

"Ruthlessly," writes Mrs. Raymond, "he 
bent his household to his will. One daugh- 
ter he excused because her speech was hesi- 
tant, but Mary and Deborah, for the en- 
riching and excitation of his mind, were 
made to read to him. One tongue was 
enough for a woman, Milton jeered. He 
had his daughters trained to read in many 
languages but gave them no instruction 
in their meanings. Isaiah, Homer and 
Ovid, they read to him. pronouncing every 
word with clear precision, for his ear was 
curious and his temper short. So often in 
their manner they served their father that 
they retained the memory of long pas- 
sages — no word of which they understood. 

"Anne Milton could not write and Mary 
did so only badlv. A generation later 
Debora's daughter told one of his biog- 
raphers that ^lilton believed it a practice 
unnecessary for women. For lip-service, 
the younger two were excellent. They 
read to him from the Hebrew, the Syriac, 
Greek. Latin, Italian, Spanish and French" 
I which he had taught them to pronounce 
but had not taught the meanings! . "At 
whatever hour he pleased, he rang for 
Mary and Mary Powell's daughter came. 
and in bad script and poorer spelling took 
down the words that justified the ways of 
God." He would get them out of bed at 
three in the morning to take dictation. 

No wonder that when !\Iary was told of 
her father's impending marriage by a 
maid-servant she said it was no news, but 
if she could hear of her father's death that 
would be something. He left his daughter 
the portion still due him from his first 
wife's dowry in an uns:racious will in 
which he said, "my 'will and meaning is 
that they shall have no other benefit of 
my estate . . . they having been very un- 
dutiful to me." This after they had slaved 
for him day and night I particularly at 
night I for years, never permitted to go any- 

where or see any one or entertain suitors 
or live any" sort of normal life at all! 

Mrs. Raymond's biography is the work 
of ten years of research" and is the best of 
the full length biographies of Milton as 
well as the one which has cleared up a 
great many of the debated points. Her 
research has been particularly in the field 
of Milton's political activity which she 
shows is rather more extensive than has 
been supposed. His political tracts, how- 
ever, are in the main long-winded docu- 
ments, mostly filled with vilification for 
his enemies and glorification of himself. 
Mrs. Raymond shows that Milton came to 
believe that not only had he achieved 
divinity within himself, but that he spoke 
with direct inspiration from God. This is 
interesting because he rejected the idea of 
the Trinity. He would not share the peer- 
age with Jesus and the Holy Ghost. 

iWilton, indeed, was so completely de- 
void of a sense of humor that Mrs. Ray- 
mond has rather kindly sport with him 
all through this volume. For instance, 
Mrs. Raymond briefs Milton's "De Doc- 
trina," wherein he contends for the legal- 
ity of polygamy, "with somewhat cono- 
scious dignity." She writes: 

"His masculine dictum was that "every 
man should have his own wife to himself, 
not that he should have but one wife.' . . . 
He gives assurance that the relation man 
will bear to each of his wives will be no 
less perfect than if he had espoused one 
only. The husband will be still one flesh 
with each of them. It is cause for wonder 
that Milton never had his peace so shaken 
by jealousy that he was jarred to better 

This Puritan Milton who "painted a 
heaven of unending nuptials for a dead 
friend, married thrice, and was almost vil- 
lainous to his first wife and his three 
daughters: and who yet achieved a post- 
himious reputation of impeccable middle 
class gentility": this sensualist who never- 
theless gets hysterical time after time in 
his tracts and pamphlets on the superior 
quality of his virtue I distinguishing him 
from Shakespeare and all other poets that 
ever lived, so he savs ) . could solemnly cite 
the patriarchs and tlie saints in support of 
polygamy and refuse to cite Solomon on 
the grounds that "he seems to have ex- 
ceeded due bounds." 

*Intermittent research. 


Sweet Brur College 

Mrs. Raymond has discovered quite a 
bit about Milton's Italian journey. We 
have known all along, of course, that the 
only love poems Milton ever wrote 1 1 hope 
no one again is going to quote that poem 
to his dead wife as a love poem) were 
written in Italian and that he said Italian 
is the language of love's delight. He wrote 
the poems to Leonora Baroni, a singer 
whom he heard and met in Rome. She 
was the darling of the populace: sonne- 
teers celebrated her; she was a friend of 
Anne of Austria and of Cardinal Mazarin: 
she had a succession of lovers, the last of 
whom was Pope Clemente Nono, who sent 
to her every day of the last years of her 
life a large dish from his own kitchen and 
sent her presents three or four times a week. 

Milton seemed, writes Mrs. Ravmond, 
"an exquisite, too fair, himself, to have 
cared till then for women's beauty, so fair, 
himself, that had Leonora been a sensuous 
queen, satiate of pomp and courtly love- 
making, she might have wished to add him. 
for grace and purity, to her long list of 
lovers. But Leonora was 27 and very sage. 
She gloried in the idolatry of her Roman 
court. To the visiting young English poet, 

she carelessly assigned the welcome task 
of inditing praises in Italian, for Italian, 
she told him, was language of love's de- 
light. Milton gave to her praise higher 
than he ever accorded any other woman." 

Mrs. Raymond's feeling is that Milton 
was, despite the disagreeable aspect of his 
character, an important and eloquent ad- 
vocate of liberty, liberty of conscience and 
of action, a champion of the people 
against monarchical and ecclesiastical ty- 
ranny and a spirit greater than the many 
puerile aspects of the man. He was a lit- 
erary genius surely, and in the "Samson 
Agonistes" and in the "Areopagitica" he 
rose to sublime heights, but he had more 
faults and limitations than any other con- 
spicuous fis;ure in English literature. 

Ten of the eighteen volumes of the first 
complete edition of the work of John Mil- 
ton have now been published by the Col- 
umbia University Press, under the editor- 
ship of Frank Allen Patterson. The tenth 
volume contains "The History of Britain" 
and "A Brief History of Muscovia." These 
prose works are really curiosities, but they 
should be of special interest to the stu- 
dents of Milton's mind. 

Three Thoughts on Education 

(Contmued from page 6) 

My Year in France 

(Continued from page 33) 

well-equipped and find it easy to choose 
both major fields of interest and institu- 
tions best fitted to supply their needs. 
Wasteful and costly competition and dupli- 
cation are not needed. There is required 
a unification of education which will em- 
brace most of the more important institu- 
tions, north and south, in the east and in 
the west — a unification which will reflect 
and contribute to the brotherhood of man, 
bringing together and utilizing the best 
efforts of the Orient and Occident, the 
Hebrew, and the Anglo-Saxon, the Greek, 
the Arab, and the Latin, with the greatest 
possible economy of time and effort. Only 
a co-ordinated world program in education 
will effectively ward off the devastating 
effects of rises and falls in culture which 
have previously been the order of the cen- 

trip to Chartres. which that day was like 
a Christmas card mider its blanket of snow. 
A number of the group spent Christmas in 
England, and two even went to Biskra in 
Algiers. At Easter half of us went to Italy, 
the other half to Spain and southern 
France, and in May we spent a long week- 
end in the chateau country. After our 
examinations in July some of the group 
traveled, while the rest of us sailed for 
America, wild with joy over going home, 
but leaving our dear friends in France, 
and the country we had learned to love 
and tried to understand, with real regret 
and a wish to return to them again very 

PAY FOR 1 ROOM . . . 




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at Lexington Ave. 

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Rates— $10 to 822 

Luncheon, 50c 

Dinner, 75c and Sl.OO 


38th ST. & MADISON AVE. 

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CAledonia 5-3700 

Luncheon, 65c and 75c 

Dinner, 75c and §1.00 

Also a la Carte 

143 EAST 39th STREET 

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AShland 4-0460 


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Kates, $10.00 to $22.00 W&ekly 




Sweet Briar College 

A Merry Christmas in Peip- 
ing, China 

(Continued from page 23) 

wife of the Japanese minister appeared in 
ceremonial kimona, her little feet pattering 
in an elaborate pair of "zori" or straw 
sandals. Several ladies chose Japanese 
"tabi", the single-toed cotton foot covering 
worn in the house, others preferred the 
"geta"' or flat wooden shoe elevated b)' two 
cross pieces for use in inclement weather. 
A lovel)- Spanish lady shuffled across the 
room in die primitive leather sandals made 
by the Tehuantepec Indians of Mexico. 
True to our own island dominions several 
Americans selected the Philippine "chine- 
las", slippers of gay colored straw woven 
and worn by the natives. Mrs. Roy Chap- 
man Andrews intrigued everyone by the 
clever arrangement of strapping her feet 
in such fashion that she was able to totter 
along in the small shoes of a bound-foot 
Chinese woman. 

When all the guests had arrived we were 
asked to pass slowly through a room back 
of a curtain that hung from the ceiling to 
within three feet of the floor on the other 
side of which sat the judges. Just before 
my entrance I lit the tiny candles on my 
Christmas trees and had to walk very care- 
fully lest they set fire to my uplifted 
chiffon skirt. After a dinner that defies 
description the winners were announced, 
Mrs. Roy Chapman Andrews the first prize 
of die ladies and the ''ball and chain" pair 
first amons; the gentlemen. 

The ball went on and on, gaier and even 
more amusing than were most affairs in 
Peiping with such an internationallv at- 
tractive guest list. The moon hune low, 
dawn was imminent when we called our 
rickshaw "bovs" who had been waiting for 
hours, hours pleasantly spent, however, 
thanks to the kind thoughtfulness of Lady 
Bredoii who provided shelter and food for 

Jingle bells, Christmas bells, tinkling all 
the wav home. 

"Han Foo," I asked, "vou have Merry 

"Han Foo catchee Melly Clismas. 'Tai- 
tai' catchee Melly Clismas. Ellev-one 
catchee Melly Clismas." 

Han Foo in his pidgen English stated 
the case. Certainly "tai-tai", his mistress, 
had caught a Melly Clismas. Everyone it 
seemed had caught a Merry Christmas that 
year in the old walled Chinese city of 

The Mary Helen Cochran 
Library, 1931-1932 

(Continued from page 20) 

Many students are interested in our 
experiment and have promised to bring 
children's books from home after their 
first vacation, and the college \. W. C. A. 
and the Sweet Briar News have each con- 
tributed S25.00. With these funds we have 
bought two more libraries of 25 to 30 
books, and as I write, the second library 
has been sent out. the third is assembled 
and will be sent out shortly. It is still too 
early to speak of results, but some good 
ones there will surely be. though they come 
but slowly. The children are eager to get 
the books, but three travelling libraries 
can serve but ten schools during the year, 
and there are over thirty schools wanting 
books. During the summer we plan to 
circulate the books with the assistance of 
the county women's and girls' clubs, so 
that the books will not be idle at any time. 
Perhaps later we may add books for adults 
to our work, but we would first like to see 
that every child has an opportunity to read, 
and we would welcome gifts of children's 
books from any of the alumnae. We would 
like, too. to send pictures to these little 
schools, but funds are lacking. Good re- 
productions such as Medici prints can be 
mounted, varnished and framed without 
glass, and these and picture maps would 
be valuable to supplement the books we 
are sending out. 

The 1932 Sophomore Tests 

(Continued from page 17) 

from the Carnegie Foundation which is 
laurelled upon a ten-vear program for 
devising these measurements of cultural 
growth. We at Sweet Briar are happy to 
be represented among the institutions 
which are co-operating in this ^tudy. 

Alumnae News 


Class Personals 


Marguerite Drew Groover is the manager of 
the Social Engraving Department of the Drew 
Company in Jacksonville. 

Marjor)- Lindsay Coon stopped at the college 
en route to Virginia Beach where she attended 
the annual meeting of the Girl Scouts Council. 
She is Commissioner for the Wyoming \' alley 
Council for the Girl Scouts. 
Reunion 1933. 

Reunion 1933. 

Maiy Brooke Grant, ex-"ll, has returned to her 
home in Denver after spending several months in 
New York City. 

Reunion 1933. 

Reunion 1933. 


Bessie Carothers Whayne, ex-'14, spent a week- 
end on campus recently. She was visiting her 
daughter, Elizabeth, who is a freshman. 

Ida Walker Castner has a son, Henn" Walker, 
born last Jime. 

^largaret McVey drove over from her home in 
Richmond to attend the Virginia-North Carolina 
Hockey Tournament. 


Elizabeth Eggleston is spending some time in 
\^ inter Park, Florida. 

Frances If'ilde Bose has moved to Beverly Hills, 
California, to live. 


Helen Beeson ii'as married recently to Mr. 
Francis Comer and has moved to Maysville, 
Kentucky, to live. 


Catherine Shenebon Child stopped at Sweet 
Briar for a short visit en route to her home 
in Minneapolis. She has been visiting her sister, 
Clara Shenebon Boyd, ex-'18, at her home in 
New York, and has spent about five weeks tour- 
ine the East. 


Reunion 1933. 

Richie McGuire drove over from Richmond 
to attend the Virginia-North Carolina Hockey 


Caroline Flynn Eley has a sen, Frederick 
Heniy, born August 25. 

Phyllis -Millinger. having received her Masters 
Degree from the University of Pittsburgh, is now 
taking further work at the American Foundation 
in Paris. 


Gertrude McGiffert MacLennan. accompanied 
by her son, has gone to Florida for the winter. 

Woodis Finch Roberts, ex-"25, has a son, born 
in September. 


Helen Finch Halford and Mr. Halford sailed 
from London October 26. They plan to spend 
several months in this country. 

Margaret White is attending business school 
in Davenport. She is also taking voice lessons 
and spends several hours a week helping in the 

Kathaiy-n ^Vorris Kelley, accompanied by ^Ir. 
Kelley, motored to Sweet Briar during November 
to spend a iveek with Miss Glass. 

iMarguretta Denman Wilson is working in Best 
and Co. in East Orange, New Jersey. 

Henrietta Nelson Weston, accompanied by Dr. 
Weston, stopped at the college on the return 
from her wedding trip in New York. They will 
make their home in Columbia, South Carolina. 

Margaret Reinhold is in New York where she 
is teaching at the Brearley School. 

Fannie Nottingham Scott, ex-'26, has a son, 
born October 28. 


Emily Jones Hodges, accompanied by her hus- 
band, spent a week-end on campus recently. 

Claire Hamner is assisting in the interior deco- 
rating department at Rich's in Atlanta. 

Reunion 1933. 

Elizabeth Moore Schilling, ex-"28, has a son, 
born last June. 


Sarah McKee was recently married to Mr. 
Wessley Stanger. Margaret Kneedler Fellows was 
one of the bridesmaids. 

Anne Mason Brent Winn has twins, born re- 

Amelia Woodward is engaged to Maurice 
Davier of Montclair, Ne\v' Jersey. 

Natalie Sidman was on campus for Founders' 

Hallie Gubelman returned to college to witness 
the Virginia-North Carolina Hockey Tournament. 

Amelia Mollis Scott has a daughter, boin re- 

Gertrude Prior spent Thanksgiving holidays 
with Fanny O'Brian Hettrich, "31, at her home 
in Amherst. 

Esther Tyler Campbell has a daughter, Esther 
MacKenzie, born last July. 

Virginia Hodgson was married in Jidy to Rob- 
ert Calvin Stuliff. Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U. 
S. N., and has moved to Annapolis to live. 

Elizabeth Lankford Miles has a son, John 
Blanchard HL born July 28. 

Mar)' Gochnauer is teaching at the Boonsboro 
school in Lynchburg. 

Sarah Callison Jamison has moved to Lafayette, 
Indiania, to live. 

Mildred Bronough Taylor has a son, Moncure 
Robinson, born recently. 

Hulda Williams Lambert has a son, Barron 
Proctor, Jr., born recently. 

Margaret Fulton, ex-'29, is now Mrs. William 

New China 
Has Arrived 

Sweet Briar in college 
or out oF college 

to give your friends pleasure, to entertain in a way that makes any occasion de- 
lightful and heart warming is no slight accomplishment. Sweet Briar students 
and alumnae can be assured success as hostesses with the lovely Sweet Briar 
dishes. Fall and winter demand that those comfortable hours about the tea 
table, dinner table, or over coffee cup: be made pleasurable. To meet this need 
the Sweet Briar border pattern has been applied to tea, after dinner coffee and 
other services. As gifts, individually or collectively, these pieces are most 
delightful, satisfactory and useful for any and all occasions. 

The new pieces have the Sweet Briar border 

and plain centres. They are made, as are 

the original plates, by the Royal Cauldon >t— s,*,*—. 

Works in England. The lovely Gadroon jisB^I^?^^ ^ 

shape has been preserved as well as the \W^^'\^^^M^^^^^'iSi^ \^ ' 

richly patterned natural floral border. ftrrt'^rJfmKf!^'^ 



After Dinner Coffee Cups I^^^Bs^Sw'^ i •-■ ^ 

and Saucers . . . $9.50 doz. l^^^^^i^ ^^ *^^ 

Tea Cups and Saucers . 10.00 " ^^k^^HV^^'^'^^I^^JxJ^^ 

Tea Plates 9.00 " 

Bread and Butter Plates . 7.00 " /W^^ 

Tea Pot (6 cup) . . . 3.50 ea. 

Cream Pitcher . . . . 2.00" . -<5»sxvj.s«x--^ 

Sugar Bowl .... 3.00 " ^s^V^vv-©- 

Express extra on these items 

Plates^ $13.00 per dozen. Carriage Prepaid. Dinner Service Size. 

Prices for less than One Dozen on request 

yiaho, checks i)a>able an<i ad^datss oid^tis to 

SWEET BRIAR PLATES, care Alumnae Secretary 




yidhvcs o\ Sweet Briar Plates 

Alumnae News 


Jane Wilkenson, ex-'29, was married November 
4 to Captain Banyard. 

Elizabeth Cravens, ex-"29, was married October 
18 to Mr. Benjamin Perry McDonald in Louis- 
ville, Kentucky. 

Margaret Green, ex- '29, is spending some time 
in Boston. 

Martha Ehle, ex-'29, is no^v Mrs. James Lish. 


Norvell Royer Orgain and Mr. Orgain stopped 
at the college for a day recently. 

Sarah Meadow Little has a son, born recently. 

Mai-y Huntington attended Norvell Royers 
wedding to Mr. Orgain and stopped at the col- 
lege en route to her home in New York. 

Agnes Sproul came down to the college to at- 
tend the Virginia-North Carolina Hockey Tourna- 

Helen Smith Miller is en route to Panama to 
live, where her husband Lieut. Miller has been 


Jane Muhlberg is working as a volunteer in 
the laboratory of the city bacteriologist in Cin- 

Jean Cole was on campus for a day recently 
en route to Nashville, where she will spend the 

Violet Anderson was married recently to Mr. 
Harold Gerhart Groll. 

Virginia Quintard and Helen Sim were on 
campus for several days en route to visit Natalie 
Roberts. They returned to the college in time 
for Founders' Day. Helen is doing social ivel- 
fare work. Virginia is on the staff of the Junior 
League paper in Stamford, Connecticut. 

Peronne Whittaker spent the Thanksgiving 
week-end on campus. 

Elizabeth Clark is taking several courses at 
Randolph-Macon in Lynchburg. 

Marjory Webb visited Margaret Newton, ex-"31, 
for several weeks in October. 

Jane Bikle has a position as proof-reader at 
the Prior Medical Publishing Company in Hagers- 
town. She is taking a secretarial course at night 

Virginia Cooke is attending business school. 
She has also been doing some Red Cross work 
and is helping with dramatics in the high school 
in New Philadelphia, Ohio. 

Margaret Ferguson has announced her engage- 
ment to Mr. Joseph Dexter Bennett, Professor of 
English at Sweet Briar. 

Charlotte Kent is active in social welfare work 
in Richmond. 

Natalie Roberts is secretary' of the Roanoke 
branch of the American Association of University 

Alice BaiTows, ex-'31, has recently announced 
her engagement to Stephen Francisco, of Little 
Falls, New Jersey. 

Virginia Bristow, ex-'31, has been working in 
her father's insurance office in Franklin, Virginia, 
ever since she left Siveet Briar. 

Mary Burks Saltz, ex-'31, has moved to St. 
Petersburg, Florida, to live. 


Sweet Brur College 

Charlotte Brown Harder, ex-'31, is spending 
the winter in New York with her husband and 

Rosamund Burt, ex-"31, was graduated from 
the University of Kansas in June, 1931. She is 
engaged to Cadet John Davis, who attends the 
Military Academy at West Point. 

Helen Crane, ex-'31, was graduated from The 
Chicago Normal School last June and is doing 
substitute teaching at her home in Chicago. 

Eleanor Faulk, ex- '31, is in her senior year at 
the law school of Tulane University in New 
Orleans. She is on the Law School Moot Court 
Board of Advisers, and is secretary of her class. 

Ruth Graham, ex-'31, is working for the Chil- 
dren's Protective Society, a community fund 
agency, in Minneapolis, Minnesota. 

Sara Harrison, e.x-'31, is making her debut in 
Norfolk this winter. 

Elizabeth Ray, ex-'31, is doing secretarial work 
in a cotton office in Greenwood, Mississippi. 

Louise Rogers, ex-'31, has a secretarial position 
with the Hoover Company in Cincinnati. 

Ruth Schott, ex-'31, was mamed on November 
9 to Mr. Hudson McGuire. Rosamund Burt. 
ex-'31, was one of her bridesmaids. 

Jean Stafford, ex-'31, has been working as a 
secretary at the National City Bank in New 

Mary Louise Street, ex-'31, has returned from 
a three months' trip to California, Oregon, and 
Washington, and at present she is working as a 
secretaiy in her father's office. 

Frances Lee Tollerton Freeman, ex-'31, is liv- 
ing in Cambridge, Massachusetts, while her hus- 
band attends the Harvard Law School. 

\ irginia Tabb, ex-'31, was graduated from 
Westhampton College, University of Richmond, 
in June, 1932. She announced her engagement 
on the same day and was mamed on October 6 
to Roderick Dunn Moore. They are living in 

Harriet Wilson, ex-'31, is working for the 
Family Welfare Association in Pittsburgh. She 
spent three weeks in September visiting Virginia 
Tabb Moore, ex-"31. 

Maiy Louise Hudson, ex-'31, has announced 
her engagement to Mr. Thurmond Carlyle Lea 
of Washington, Virginia. 

Martha McCarven Burnett, ex-'31, has a son, 
born last July. She has moved to Thomaston, 
Georgia, to live. 

Helen Davis Watson, ex-'31, is now living in 
Annapolis, where her husband is stationed. She 
has a daughter, Nancy, born last May. 

Hildegard Voelker, ex-'31, was married Decem- 
ber 2 to Mr. James Ramsay Gordon Harday of 
Redding, Connecticut. 


Reunion 1933. 

Virginia Bellamy and Mildred Larimer have 
been spending some time in New York City. 
Virginia stopped at the college en route to her 
home in North Carolina. 

Virginia Hall has announced her engagement 
In Mr. John Van Lindley of Greensboro, North 

The mw Booh b)/ Professor Raymond 


John Milton in an Era oS Revolt 

By Professor Dora NEILL R AYMOND. Mrs. Raymond, author of 
The Political Car&&r of Lord Byron, explains her years of research on 
John Milton by acknowledging the fascination she feels for "the enigma 
that is Milton — one who could breathe the air of Olympus and wallow 
in a pig sty, one who could be both sensualist and Puritan, 'the Lady of 
Christ's,' who held women in disesteem and loved the singer in Italy 
who became the mistress of a pope, who painted a Heaven of unending 
nuptials for a dead friend, married thrice, advocated divorce at man's 
just pleasure, and was almost villainous to his first wife and his three 
daughters ; and who yet achieved a posthumous reputation of impecca- 
ble middle class gentility." The puzzle of Milton is not wholly solved 
in this colorful biography, for it is insoluble, but the man emerges from 
its pages clear and real and unmistakable. Illustrated $3.50 


Alumnae News 



New York City 

Official Photographei- for the igjj Briar Patch 

Carolina. The wedding will take place December 
17 and the bridesmaids will be ^ irginia Bellamy, 
Agnes Cleveland. '31, Hazel Stamps. Jane T^hite, 
and Julia Daugheity. '34. 

Alice ^ eymouth is working in Franklin Simons 
in New York. 

Betsy Higgins has opened a book shop at her 
home in Courtland. New \ork. 

Edith Railey is spending some time in New 
\ ork City where she is a hostess in a tea room 
on Park Avenue. 

Sarah Harrison spent several days on campus 

Betty Allen Magruder. Anne McRae and Elea- 
nor Mattingly returned to the college for the 
^ irginia-North Carolina Hockey Tournament. 

Elizabeth Doughtie stopped at the college on 
her way to New \ork where she is spending the 

Anna Gilbert was the chairman of a rummage 
sale held November 11 and 12 by the Sweet Briar 
Alumnae Club of \^ ashington, D. C. 

Mary Moore Pancake spent a week-end on 
campus recently. She plans to attend ^ irginia 
Hall's wedding. 

Sarah Forsythe is studying art in Cincinnati 
at the --^rt Academy. 

Stuart Groner is teaching in the 7th and 8th 
grades in a private school in Norfolk and is also 
taking charge of the sports. 

Susie Ella Burnett made her debut on Novem- 
ber 22. Marion Malna went to Atlanta to visit 
Susie Ella and attend the debut. 

Tiozs Youy AyvciuoX 

On Youy School ? 

By careful planning money can be 
"" saved and a book of high quality pro- 
duced at reasonable cost. 

School jjublications are our specialty, 
and our artist-engravers will be glad to 
show you the most economical way. 

Xearly 100 books engraved in 1931. 
There must be a reason. Write us for 

Lynchburg Engraving 

Lynchburg, 'Virginia 

Sweet Brur College 


Virginia Brewer is at home now in Cumber- 
land, Maryland, after studying art for the past 
two years in Boston, Massachusetts. 

Anne Brooke will make her debut in Richmond 
this winter. 

Kathleen Carmichael has returned to her home 
in Washington, D. C, after spending some time 
in New York City. 

Marietta Derby lias a position as a secretarj' on 
the eastern shore of Virginia. 

Annabel Essary is spending the winter at home 
in Washington. D. C. 

Caroline Hogue is going to Birmingham South- 
em and will make her debut this winter in Bir- 

Eleanor Kilby is attending the University of 

Jane Kluttz is studying art in New York City. 

Carlene Lathrop will graduate this year from 
the University of Kansas. 

Katherine LeBlond is attending the University 
of Cincinnati. 

Henrietta Melton will graduate this year from 
the University of South Carolina. 

Elizabeth Moore is attending the University of 
North Carolina. 

Lucy Moulthrop Alexander is living in Lexing- 
ton, Kentucky. She was on campus recently ac- 
companied by her husband. 

Barbara Munson is working at the Bellevue 
Hospital and taking a course at New York Uni- 

Helen Nice will make her debut in Birmingham 
this winter. 

Martha Ellen North is a senior at the Univer- 
sity of Missouri. 

Lucy Oliver will graduate from the University 
of South Carolina this year. 

Mary Peters is attending art school in Colum- 
bus. Ohio. 

Mildred Rahm is attending art school in Kan- 
sas City. 

Margaret Schwald is a senior at Colorado Uni- 

Jeanette Shambaugh will graduate from Rad- 
cliffe this year. 

Carroll Slater is attending the University of 
South Carolina. 

Alumnae News 


7 HE Ideal hotel for 
students and faculty 
members visiting Washing- 
ton. Located on Capitol 
Plaza only a few minutes 
walk from the Capitol, Li- 
brary of Congress and Folger 
Shakespeare Library. Con- 
venient to shopping and the- 
atre districts. 


Excellent Service and 




L&t Etchings Solve Your Christmas Prohlem.s 


Sweet ^riar Hfouse 
C3l)e Oak Oree C3l)e (Tabirt 



879 Park Avenue Baltimore, Maryland 

<SDn ^ale at Alumnae iDtticc 


Sweet Briar College 

Alice Smith will graduate from the University 
of Missouri this year. 

Mary Spalding is at home in Richmond this 

Helen Teriy will graduate from the University 
of South Carolina this year. 

Lee Tracy is in charge of the personal shop- 
ping department at Dunn-Lofts, a large depart- 
ment store in Columbus. Ohio. 

Augusta Wallace was abroad the past year on 
the Delaware Plan and is making her debut this 
winter in Louisville, Kentucky. 

Anna Willis has moved to Houston and is at- 
tending school there. 

Mary B. Lankford has moved to \ irginia Beach 
to live. 


Marjorie Dexter Clark has a son, Richard 
Morgan Clark, born September 19. 

Helen Murray is doing social sen'ice work at 
St. John's Hospital, Yonkers, New York. 

Virginia Elizabeth Scott of Cranford, Ne\v Jer- 
sey, is private secretary to a landscape architect. 

Louise Rogers is taking a secretarial course in 
Asheville this winter. 

Clarissa Brenner is doing secretarial work at 
the Gulf Refining Company in Pittsburgh. 

Theresa Lamfram is attending college in Mil- 
waukee this winter, she expects to return to 
Sweet Briar next year. 

Jeanne Harman is a senior at Adelphia Col- 
lege, Garden City, Long Island. 

Jane Morrison has returned from Europe and 
is spending the winter at her home in Charlotte. 
She was on campus Thanksgiving week-end. 

Virginia Broun is spending the winter at her 
home in Charleston, West Virginia. Earlier in 
the fall she visited Baylis Rector at her home in 

Betty Clapp is attending Mills College. Cali- 
fornia, again this year. 

Horense Hostetter is spending the winter at 
her home in Hutchinson. Kansas. 

Louise Peck is spending the winter at her home 
in Portland, Oregon. 

Angelia Morrison is spending the winter at her 
home in Charlotte, North Carolina. 

Betty Cassidy is attending the Colorado Univer- 
sity this winter. 

Baylis Rector is doing secretarial work in 
Roanoke, Virginia, this winter. 

Mary Lee Rvan is a student at Western Col- 
lege. Oxford, Ohio. 

Patsy McMullen transferred to Salem College, 
Winston-Salem. North Carolina. She accompa- 
nied the Salem Hockey Team to Sweet Briar for 
the Virsinia-North Carolina Hockey Tournament. 

Ida Mae Adams is spending the winter with 
her aunt in Montgomery', Alabama. 

Mary Moses is attending the University of 
Arkansas, Fayetteville, Arkansas. 

Anne Armstrong has obtained a position in the 
Union Trust Company of Pittsburgh, Pennsyl- 

Marjorie Van Evera was elected class editor 
of the year book at Northwestern, and she made 
the all-star hockev team there. 

Mar>- Higgins and Maiy Thomas visited Caro- 
lyn Lawrence this fall at her home in Summit. 
New Jersey. 

Marge Thuma, who is attending the University 
of Cincinnati, was on campus Thanksgiving week- 

Martha Jean Humphreys is spending the winter 
with her sister in Flushing, New York. 

Helen Closson is at her home in Logansport, 
Indiana, this winter. 

Elizabeth Collier, who is attending Emor)' Uni- 
versity in Atlanta, was on campus Thanksgiving 

Katherine Hanna is spending the winter at her 
home in Indianapolis. 

Elvira Cochrane, who is attending the Univer- 
sity of Alabama, was on campus in October. 

Martha Diehl was on campus recently. She 
will make her debut this winter. 

Caroline Laivrence will be at home until after 
Christmas. She is then planning to enter the 
Columbia School of Journalism. 


^Margaret Taylor spent several days on campus 

Maiy Atmar Smith is attending the College of 
Charleston, pending her return to Sweet Briar 
next fall. 

Margaret Taylor is a student at St. Man's in 

Charlotte Hardin is planning to pursue a secre- 
tarial course after Christmas. 

Dorothy Prince is attending V^ illiam and Mary 

Lois Vanderhoef is a student at the University 
of North Dakota. 

Barbara Butts is continuing her studies at the 
University of California. 

Marjorie Fowler is attending Michigan State 

Kathleen Casey has been visiting former class- 
mates diuing the fall and plans to study music 
after Christmas. 

Catherine Culp is attending Queen Chicora 
College, Charlotte. North Carolina. 

Nancy Row is a student at Bethany College this 

Frances Hallett is continuing her studies at 
Traphagens" School of Fashion in New York City. 

Zane-Cetti Irwin is attending the L'niversity of 

Charity Hulse is spending the winter in Ashe- 
ville, North Carolina. 

Kathrvn Steiner is pursuing her studies at the 
University of Cincinnati. She spent Thanksgiving 
week-end on campus. 

Martha Neuenschwander is attending Mount 
\ ernon Seminar>- in Washington. 

Elizabeth Stone is a student at the L^niversity 
of Cincinnati. 

Mary Jane Hastings is continuing her studies 
at Depauw. 

Ora Davis is spending the winter in Huntington. 
West Virginia. 

Jane Anderson plans to enter Sarah Lawrence 
College in February. 


/ give and bequeath absolutely to Sweet Briar Institute, a 
Corporation created by the State of Virginia., and having its 
College at Sweet Briar, in Amherst County, Virginia, the sum 

of $ , to be invested and from time to time 

re-invested by said Corporation as it shall deem best, and to 

be called the Endowment Fund. The 

interest and income therefrom, shall be applied by said Cor- 
poration to the payment of the salaries of its teachers as it 
shall deem expedient. 

I give and bequeath absolutely to Sweet Briar Institute, a 
Corporation created by the State of Virginia, and having its 
College at Sweet Briar, in Amherst County, Virginia, the sum 

of $ , to be used and appropriated by said 

Corporation for its benefit in such manner as it shall deem 
to be most useful. 

I give and bequeath absolutely to Sweet Briar Institute, a 
Corporation created by the State of Virginia-, and having its 
College at Sweet Briar, in Amherst County, Virginia, the sum 

of $.... , to be invested and from time to time 

re-invested by said Corporation as it shall deem best, and to 

be called the Scholarship Fund, the 

interest and income to be applied by said Corporation to the 
aiding of its deserving students in Sweet Briar Institute or 

44 ^<^^ 

I FORGOT my galoshes, but I'm going 
along in the rain . . . having a good time 
. . . smoking my Chesterfields. 

Just downright good cigarettes. They're 
milder and they taste better. 
Just having a good time. They Satisfy. 

© 1932, Liggett & Myers Tobacco Co, 

i.r-. .c-Vdv* 



Sweet Briar College 

AAARCH 1933 


Forty years ago 
. . . today's White Star 
captains in the making 


— the foundation of 
White Star's perfect service 

A glorious tradition of the sea — White Star service! 
The perfect service that begins with perfect seaman- 
ship . . . expert knowledge that "paves the waves" and 
gives you every opportunity to enjoy the grand good 
time that's so much a part of White Star travel. 

That's why scores of seasoned travellers have 
crossed with White Star 50 times over . . ."50 Timers" 
— those constant travellers who are never more happy 
than when enjoying White Star's perfect service. 

You will find, on White Star liners, the strictest atten- 
tion to every detail of your comfort. Swift, unobtrusive 
care for all your wants is a matter of deep, personal 
pride with every man who wears the White Star insignia. 

Seamanship — Service! That's why scores of 
travellers are glad to call themselves "50 TIMERS" 
— via White Star Line. 


Alinnewaska. Alinnetonka, 
Penfi/andand iY^estern/an^— the 
former two were exclusively 
First Class, the latter two were 
popular Cabin liners. Now. 
for the low Tourist rate, you 
may have the finest on the 
ships. Fates ftom S106.50, 
one way; Si 89 round trip. 

For full information and reservations apply to your 
local agent or to your own Graduate Travel Service. 



Main Office: No. 1 Broadway, New York 

* \ ihrough yout j 

Offices in other principal cities. Agents everywhere V°""'°3<"'V 

It costs no more to enjoy the service 

that makes the "50 TIMERS" 

MAJESTIC (world's largest ship) 


De luxe express service from New York 
to England and France 


Largest British motor liners 


Cabin service from Nvic York and Boston 

,.. Trrlun.l an.n nL'lund 



Four times a year— March, June, October and December 
Subscription Rate— $1.00 a year; Single Copies, 30 Cents 

Entered as Second Class Matter November S3, 1931, at the Post Office at Sweet Briar, Virsinia, 
under the Act of March 3, 1879 

MARCH, 1933 



The Alumnae News is a member of the American Alumni Council 



EDNA LEE WOOD (Mrs. John Clark), '26 
60 Gramercy Park, New York City 

First Vice-President 


(Mrs. Stillman F. 11), "26 

Clark Road, Babson Pai'k 

Wellesley Hills, Massachusetts 

Second Vice-President 

152 Central Avenue, Flushing, New York 


Sweet Briar, Virginia 

Alumnae Secretary 


Sweet Briar. \ irginia 

Members of the Council 

Sweet Briar, Virginia 


125 South Lexington Avenue 
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 


242 Noble Avenue 
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 

29 Fisher Place, Trenton, New Jersey 

MARGARET McVEY, '18 (Honorao Member I 
1417 Grove Avenue, Richmond. Virginia 

The Lake 


Editor — Vivienne Barkalow Breckenridge, '18 

Table of Contents 

The Lake Frontispiece 

Greetings FROii The Old Cabin 4 

To All Sweet Briar Alumnae 6 

Alumnae Clubs 7 

Our Moneyless Campaign 12 

Commencement, June, 1933... 13 

Proposed Ch.inges to the Constitution 13 

Old Letters 14 

Of Books No End 17 

America and Sweet Brl4.r 20 

Ho.\RD Coupons for Sweet Briar 22 

Life in Germany 24 

Frg.m The Art Department 25 

The M.4Y D.A.Y Tr.4ditions 26 

The First Four May Queens — With the Present Queen 27 

May Day, 1933 28 

Concerts and Lectures 29 

The Honor Banquet : 31 

From the Athletic Dep.irtment 32 

London in a Day 33 

Graduate Tr.4Vel Service 33 

Miss Stockholm's New Book 34 

The American Alumni Council 35 

Campus News 36 

Cu.iss Secretaries 37 

Class Personals 38 

Sweet Briar College 

In front of 

the Cabin 

Greetings From the Old Cabin 

By Percy MacKaye 

TO the Alumnae Association of Sweet 
Briar College, with my especial 
thanks to Mrs. Breckenridge, I am 
indebted for the gracious action which has 
enabled me, during this college y^ai' of 
1932-33, to use the charming cabin former- 
ly headquarters of the Alumnae, for meet- 
ings of my class in "Creative Aspects of 
the Drama." 

In that ancient little cabin of ante-bellum 
memories, tucked away among the high 
box hedges, the lighted log fire on autumn 
and winter evenings has gathered many 
zestful conferences of alert minds and 
faces around its hearthstone. 

Recently, with the oncoming of Spring, 
by earliest pipings of frogs at night and 
of "smale fowles" at morning sessions, 
through windows opened toward the Blue 
Ridges, we had occasion to touch upon 
certain lyric-dramatic qualities of Chau- 
cer's "Canterbury Tales," and in that con- 
nection to read aloud from my play, "The 
Canterbury Pilgrims," wherein Chaucer 
himself is seen (re-imagined for our 
theatre) , surrounded by the characters of 
his own masterpiece in the process of feel- 
ing and creating it. And because I think 
certain passages of my play express the 

Spirit of Spring at Sweet Briar more aptl)^ 
than I might try to express it here in prose, 
I quote the following, for their moods of 
nature and landscape, by night and day, 
which suggest to me the appeal (serene, 
yet quickened by generations of youth) of 
these lovely Virginian surroundings. 

So, while a slender-shining sickle glows 
in the sky above Paul Mountain, one of 
the class in the cabin is reading aloud from 
a scene between Chaucer's Prioress and the 


Parlez toujours. Monsieur! 
Parlez toujours! 


How silver falls the night! 
The hills lie down like sheep: the young 

frog flutes; 
The yellow-hammer, from his coppice, 

Drowsy rehearsals of his matin-song; 
The latest swallow dips behind the stack. 
What beauty dreams in silence! The white 

Like folded daisies in a summer field, 

Alumnae News 

Sleep ill their dew, and by yon primrose 

In darkness' hedge, St. Ruth hath dropped 
her sickle. 

Nay, yonder's the new moon. 

Again — to a gallop of hoofs along "die 
oozy turf," where morning echoes of the 
Sweet Briar hunt rouse the Sleeping Giant 
far off, and where scon, at noon bell, near 
the campus daffodil beds, the '"high walls" 
will be "garlanded with girls" — another of 
the cabin-class is speaking this passage be- 
tween the Canterbury poet and his "yong 
Squyer," just after their ride from the 
Tabard Inn — (to Sweet Briar's hilltop!): 


Sir, what a ride! Was ever such a ride 
As ours? . . . Hillsides newly greened. 
Brooks splashing silver in the small, sweet 

Pelt gusts of rain dark'ning the hills, and 

Wide swallowed up in sunshine! And to 

My snorting jennet stamp the oozy turf 
Under my stirrup, whilst from overhead 
Sonnets shook down from every bough. 

Oh, sir. 
Rode Caesar such a triumph from his wars 

When Rome's high walls were garlanded 

with girls? . . . 

Spring makes us youths together. On such 

a day 
Old age is fuddled and time's weights run 

Hark! (A bird sings; they listen.) 
The meadow is the cuckoo's clock, and 

The hour at every minute; larks run up 
And ring its golden chimes against the sun. 

Sir, only lovers count the time in heaven. 
Are you in love, too? 


Over head and heart . . . 

Mine own true mistress is sweet Out-of- 

No Whitsun lassie wears so green a kirtle. 

Nor sings so clear, nor smiles with such 
blue eyes, 

As bonny April, winking tears away. 

Not flowers o' silk upon an empress' sleeve 

Can match the broidery of an English field. 

No lap of amorous lady in the land 

Welcomes her gallant, as sweet Mistress 

Her lover. Let Eneas have his Dido! 

Daffydowndilly is the dame for me. 

Mr. MacKaye by the Lighted Log Fire 

Sweet Briar College 

To All Sweet Briar Alumnae 

Dear Alumnae: 

Doesn't the very thought of spring at 
Sweet Briar cheer you on these gloomy 
late winter days? If I were a travel agent 
I might say to you, "Leave all your worries 
behind and take a trip to the Blue Ridge 
mountains where the invigorating air will 
refresh you and the beauty of Sweet Briar 
campus will fill your souls with beauty 
for months to come!" — And it would all 
be true! But I am not a travel agent and 
Commencement at Sweet Briar offers you 
much more than beauty and invigorating 
air. So I am proud indeed to extend to 
each one of you, on- behalf of the Alumnae 
Association, a very cordial invitation to 
return for this coming Commencement. 
To those of you who have spent those three 
full and happy days at Sweet Briar before 
there is no need for elaboration on the 
joys that await you, but you who have yet 
to take part in your first Commencement 
as Alumnae, let me assure you there is a 
no more delightful occasion. If you have- 
n't seen all the new buildings, and even if 
you have, you will be thrilled with the 
physical progress the college is making, 
and if you haven't heard Miss Glass' talks 
at the Alumnae banquet, and especially if 
you have, you will be proud indeed of the 
increasingly important place Sweet Briar 
is making for herself in the educational 
world. Whether your class is "reuning" 
or not we will be delighted to see you, 
although I hope you will try especially 
hard to come if that is the case. Ajid 
may I be excused for putting in a very 
special word of invitation to 1928 for this 
their Fifth reunion as our Hostess Class. 
I am sure you will go home feeling 
healthier, happier, years younger and most 
important of all. much closer in touch with 
the college and your Alumnae Association. 

To me, this annual gathering at Sweet 
Briar is one of the most important oppor- 
tunities for the growth and prosperity and 
usefulness of the Alumnae Association, and 
the fact that Sweet Briar (alone of all the 
colleges I know) actually gives her Alum- 

nae these three days on the campus each 
spring is so unusual that I feel every one 
of us should try mightily to take advantage 
of it. 

The past year is one of which both the 
college and your Association may well be 
proud. Sweet Briar's place as first among 
women's colleges and second of all col- 
leges in standing in the Sophomore tests 
is a notable example; the large registra- 
tion in a "depression" year, the many new 
opportunities which have been arranged 
for student aid, and her leadership in a 
Junior year in the British Isles are all note- 
worthy and a cause for self-gratulation. 

The change of the Alumnae News to a 
real magazine, complete, interesting and 
of literary worth from cover to cover (and 
not excepting those same covers) is prob- 
ably the most obvious forward step in the 
work of the association, and again Uianks 
go to our efficient secretary for making 
this possible. But we have made other 
advancement equally gratifying. Three 
new Alumnae Clubs have been formed and 
are hard at work; Sweet Briar Day was 
celebrated in seventy-one cities in thirty- 
one states; our great coupon campaign is 
pointing toward a very satisfying finish; 
and just as I write, word comes that our 
Secretary has been elected regional direc- 
tor for District Three ( North and South 
Carolina, Florida. Georgia, Alabama, and 
Virginia) of the National Alumni Council. 
This is the first time a woman has held the 
office in this district and it is a great com- 
pliment both to her and to the association 
that Mrs. Breckenridge was chosen. 

So you see we are growing and gaining 
recognition, but we need your help and 
interest to continue the progress. We are 
eager for your suggestions and ideas and 
the best plan I can think of is for j'ou to 
come back to Commencement and tell us 
about them then. I shall be looking for- 
ward to seeing you. 

Most sincerely, 

Edna Lee Wood, '26, 


Alumnae News 

Alumnae Clubs 

THE following individual reports on 
the various Alumnae Gluts show 
more clearly than ever that our own 
Sweet Briar alumnae are fully conscious 
of their responsibilities to the association 
and that the)' are working, as never before, 
to accomplish successfully the sti'enuous 
programs that they have mapped out for 
themselves. You cannot help feeling a 
thrill as you read each report, for all are 
doing their share to maintain this central 
office. It is extremely gratifymg, not only 
to the Council members, but especially to 
vour secretary to learn that ever)' organ- 
ized Club is having some sort of benefit, 
that many Clubs have gone a step further 
and are doing constructive work for their 
communitv, never, however, at the expense 
of the Alumnae Association Treasury. As 
we think back over the past fe^v years we 
are impressed with the steady growth of 
our older Clubs and with the interest of 
our )"omiger organized ones. Because of 
this splendid growth and interest we have 
withstood the strain of depression — not 
that we have not felt it — for ivho has es- 
caped? We fully realize, that as others 
are hunting their Profit of Adversity, 'ive 
have found ours in our Clubs. One speaks 
of a "depression asset" which adversity has 
fostered, and at times actually forced. Of 
this we are fully aware as we emerge from 
the state of depression — and so as our 
Clubs have been Our Profit of Adversity, 
they are now Our Hope for Prosperity. 
We congratulate you all and wish you 
well for the coming year. 

AMHERST— Ann Lewis, '30, begins her 
third term as the President of this Club, 
Nancv ^ orthington. '31. is the Vice-Presi- 
dent and Fanny O'Brian Hettrick, '31, is 
die Secretary and Treasurer. On February 
10 this Club gave a very successful benefit 
bridsje party at the college in Fergus Reid 
Parlors. !\Iore than eighty tickets were 
sold and enou2;h money was raised to pay 
their dues. They also plan to have a gar- 
den partv late in June to raise additional 
funds for the office. Their Sweet Briar 
Day meeting had a record attendance of 
alumnae to''ether with several visitors. 
Miss Ames. Miss Ramaa;e and Dr. Edwards 
attended as did Gertrude Prior, '29. 

siastic were the two Sweet Briar girls liv- 
ing in Ann Arbor, over the plan for Sweet 
Briar Day that they lunched together on 
December 28. They were Jean Grant 
Taylor, '24, and Helen Ladd, ex-'28. 

ATLANTA— Sweet Briar Day was cele- 
brated with a luncheon at the Driving 
Club. Susie Ella Burnett, '32, was the 
chairman, assisted by Edith Marshall, ex- 
32, and a record number attended. 

BALTIMORE— Sweet Briar Day was 
celebrated at the Quinby Inn and was 
purely a social function leavuig their busi- 
ness for the February meeting which was 
held on die first at the home of Lillian 
Everett Blake, ex-'23. At this time Eliza- 
beth Marston, '30. was re-elected President 
and Dorothy Hamilton Davis, '26, was re- 
elected Treasurer. This Club is trying a 
new and interesting plan for meetings. 
The meetings are held in the homes of the 
members once a month at night, and after 
a short business session they play bridge 
and each player donates a small sum for 
the Club Treasury. 

BIRlMINGHAM— This Club held their 
meeting on Sweet Briar Day at the Thomas 
Jefferson Hotel and Mildred Hodges was 
re-elected the President for the coming 
year. \^1iile their plans for the spring 
benefit are not complete, we are assured 
that this newly organized group is as en- 
thusiastic as ever and will do their share 
for the Association. 

BOSTON— This Club held dieir Sweet 
Briar Day meeting at the home of Kath- 
aryn Norris Kelley, '26. Miss Glass was 
the honored guest. Mrs. Kelley was elect- 
ed the President and Caroline Flynn E\ey, 
'24, Secretary. At their next meeting, 
which will be held at the College Club of 
Boston, some time during our spring vaca- 
tion, plans for their benefit will be com- 
pleted. Beside Miss Glass there were pres- 
ent at the meeting sixteen alumnae, and 
two students. 

BLIFFALO — Their meetins; Sweet Briar 
Day was held at the Town Club with Mary 
Bristol Graham, '26. Alumnae Representa- 
tive in charge. It is interestina; to note 


Sweet Brur College 

that all of the students living in and near 
Buffalo attended this meeting. 

Under the able chairmanship of LaVern 
McGee Olney, '23, this group held one 
of the most unique meetings on Sweet 
Briar Day that has ever been held. They 
met for luncheon at the Foreign Club, in 
Tia Juana, Mexico. This is the first time 
that a meeting has been held out of the 
United States and proved to be so inter- 
esting and enjoyable that plans are alreadv 
made for the group to meet there on Sweet 
Briar Day next December and to invite all 
of the alumnae living in California to 

Lillian Maddox Wbitner, '22, was elected 
President of this Club at its first meeting 
last fall. Their Sweet Briar Day meeting 
was celebrated with a luncheon at the 
Rosalie Burbank Tea Room with more 
alumnae and students attending than ever 
before. Connie Burwell, '34, Lena Jones. 
'33, and Margaret Newton, '34, all gave 
interesting news of the campus. Follow- 
ing the luncheon the movies were shown 
at the home of Martha Lee Williamson. 
'25. This meeting was considered most 

CHICAGO— Elizabeth Hilton. '29. was 
elected the new President of this Club at 
its meeting on Sweet Briar Day, which was 
a luncheon held at Maillard's. This meet- 
ing was well attended and we look for this 
large Club to continue its active program 
during the spring. 

CINCINNATI— At the first meeting of 
this Club last fall the following officers 
were elected: Mary Anne McDiarmid 
Serodino, '29, President. Jocelyn Watson 
Reeen. '28, Vice-President, and Edith 
Durrell Marshall. '21, was re-elected 
Treasurer. At their meeting Sweet Briar 
Day, which was a luncheon at the Cin- 
cinnati Club, Gail Shepherd, '33, spoke 
of her year in France. While plans for 
their sprinq; benefit are not entirelv com- 
plete at this time it is expected that they 
will have some function later in April. 

CLEVELAND— The Cleveland Club has 
been most active all year, doing a variety 
of interestinsf things. At their first meet- 
ing last October thev elected the following 

officers: Virginia Hatch Combs. ex-'19. 
President, Dorothy Brothers Kellev, ex-'I5, 
Vice-President, Hazel Trimble Winship. 
Academy, Secretary, and Mary Bissell 
Ridler, '17, Treasurer. October found 
them not only selling tulip bulbs but also 
giving a benefit bridge party, both of 
which were highly successful. The Club 
meets the second Friday of each month at 
which time they sew for the babies at the 
City Hospital and also have book reviews, 
which adds considerably to the interest of 
each meeting. In December they held an 
extra meeting to fill stockings for the chil- 
dren at the City Hospital. Their Sweet 
Briar Day function took the form of a 
luncheon at the Hotel Statler. Eleanor 
Alcott. '34. gave an interesting report on 
the undergraduate activities. In February 
another benefit bridge was held at the 
home of Mrs. Combs. One is able to judge 
from this that their spring program will 
be a full one. and that Sweet Briar is cer- 
tainly felt in that communitv. 

WASHINGTON, D. C— This Club had 
the first meeting of the fall on October 25 
at which time Elizabeth Saunders, '30, was 
re-elected the President, Nancy Hanna, '20, 
Secretary, and Ruth Remon, '32, Treasurer. 
At that meeting they planned their rum- 
mage sale which was held on November 11 
and 12 with Ann Gilbert, '32, in charge. 
This sale proved to be quite successful. 
Sweet Briar Day was celebrated with a 
luncheon at the Parrot Tea Shop. Mar- 
garet Banister. '16. and your secretary, 
Vivienne Barkaloic Breckenridge, '18, were 
honor guests and both spoke of the work 
of their respective offices. On February 
23 this Club had the pleasure of having 
Mrs. Bernice Lill, Registrar, as honored 
guest at an evening meeting. Guests at 
this meeting included, not only alumnae, 
but also parents of prospective students, 
numbering more than twenty-five. Mrs. 
Lill spoke on matters pertaining to admis- 
sions and added man)' interesting details 
to the movies of the campus as thev were 
shown. For a spring activitv this Club 
plans to have a Treasure Hunt for the 
benefit of the central office. 

CLL B — Just a vear ago announcement was 
made of the organization of this new Club: 
and in that year, they have more than 

Alumnae News 

proven themselves worthv of being organ- 
ized. Virginia \^ilson, '27, is the Presi- 
dent and Susan Fitchett, '24, Secretary and 
Treasurer. This Club decided to earn, in- 
dividually, enough to meet their Club dues; 
this they have already done, and the check 
has been received, for which we are thank- 
ful. Their Sweet Briar Day meeting was 
a bridge party at the home of Susan Fit- 
chett, '24, and they are one of the distin- 
guished groups to have a hundred per cent 
attendance and this is truly remarkable as 
several of the members had eightv miles to 
drive to attend. At their March meeting 
thev will have the movie film of the college 
to show. 

FORT WORTH— Frances Spiller, ex- 
'35, was the chairman for their meeting 
on Sweet Briar Day which was a luncheon 
held at the Fort Worth Club. Congratu- 
lations go to this Club for their one hun- 
dred percent attendance at this luncheon. 
Nearly all of the present students were 
also present. This meeting proved to be 
so successful that another one is planned 
for later in the spring at which time the 
movies of the campus will be shown. 

HUNTINGTON— For several years this 
Club has given a benefit dance during the 
holidays and this year the affair was con- 
sidered very successful. Because of a flu 
epidemic the meeting for Sweet Briar Day 
had to be postponed but was held at a 
later date and was well attended. 

INDIANAPOLIS— Emily Kersey. Spec- 
ial, was elected the President of this Club 
at their first meeting last fall, and Anna 
Torian, '29. Secretary and Treasurer. 
Sweet Briar Day was celebrated with a 
luncheon at the Propylaeum. Ruth Har- 
vey Keeling, Academy, was the chairman 
for this meeting and she was assisted bv 
Mary Mitchell Stackhouse, ex-'24, and 
Anna Torian, '29. Special guests included 
Miss Ella Marthens from the Shortage 
High School faculty. Miss Hilda Steward. 
Principal of Tudor Hall and Mrs. Paul 
Schaffner. a former member of the Sweet 
Briar facultv. and also present students. 
Much interest was shown in the display 
of pictures, our Sweet Briar china and a 
poster "Save Coupons for Sweet Briar." 
Julia Daugherty, '34, gave some interesting 
news of the campus life. Miss Kersev 
spoke on the honors held by the Indiana 

students, the soap campaign and the plan 
that had been worked out for the Indiana 
Sweet Briar Alumnae to help with the Red 
Cross relief sewing. The)^ began this sew- 
ing on the second Tuesday in Januarv and 
will continue weekly meetings for as long 
as it is necessary. Again we congratulate 
this Club for its very generous check of 
S200.00 which was the first to be received 
for the current vear. 

KANSAS CITY— Josephine Reid, '30, 
was the chairman for Sweet Briar Day 
meeting which was a luncheon held at the 
Lniversity Club. In spite of a flu epi- 
demic the luncheon was well attended. 

LYNCHBURG— On October 27 this 
Club held its first meeting of the fall at 
which time the following officers were 
elected for the year; Ella Williams, '31, 
President, Amelia Hollis Scott, '29, Vice- 
President, Margaret Ellen Bell, ex-'33, 
Secretary, and Mary Gochnauer, '29, 
Treasurer. Edna Lee Wood, '26, President 
of the Alumnae Association, and Vivienne 
Barkalow Breckenridge, '18. Secretary of 
the Association, attended this meeting- and 
both spoke on the plans of the central office 
for the year. Movies of the campus were 
shown at this time. Their Sweet Briar 
Day meeting was a luncheon at Jenny's 
Tea Shop and plans were made for a bene- 
fit bridge party to be given in March. 

Marion Grimes, ex-'24, is the President of 
this Club. On December 4, thev held a 
meeting to complete the plans for Sweet 
Briar Day. Katherine Shenehon Child. 
'22, was the chairman for this function 
which was a luncheon given' at the Minne- 
apolis Club. For some years this group, 
though one of our smaller ones, has always 
held a "white elephant sale" for the benefit 
of the central office, and this unique method 
of raising money will again be followed 
this spring. 

NEW YORK CITY— This Club has been 
extremely active since early last fall when 
thev were asked to serve on the Club Divi- 
sion of the Gibson Emergency L nemployed 
Relief Committee of which Mrs. Auiust 
Belmont was the general chairman. The 
number of members of the New ^ ork Club 
has been reduced considerably due to the 
fact that those alumnae livins' in northern 


Sweet Briar College 

New Jersey have formed their own Club 
and have withdrawn from the New York 
Club. This change has been practical 
from every standpoint but it has taken 
considerable time and planning to work 
out the details involved in such a change. 
On Sweet Briar Day a tea was held at the 
home of Janet Lee Bouvier, ex-'29, at 
which time Sarah Dodgeji McGuire, '29, 
was elected the Vice-President and Susan 
Jelley Blome, ex-'28, the Treasurer. Page 
Bird Woods, '28, remains as President for 
another year and Wanda Jensch Harris, 
'26, as Secretary, as the New York Club 
alternates the election of its officers. At 
this meeting a constitution was adopted 
which should prove helpful to such a large 
Club. The principal speaker was Mr. 
Dunbaugh from the National Economy 
League. At tlie meeting February 7th held 
at the Beverly Hotel, plans for a rummage 
sale, to be held tlie middle of March, were 
completed and tentative plans for a theatre 
benefit were made. The committee for the 
rummage sale is as follows: Eleanor 
Branch Cornell, ex-'28, Wanda Jensch 
Harris, '26, Alice Weymouth, '32, Susan 
Jelley Blome, ex- '28, Julia Reynolds 
Dreisbach, ex-'27, Jean Saunders, '30, Cor- 
nelia Wailes, '27, Tracv Steele Eschweiler, 
ex-'23, Ann Beth Price Clark, '29, Sara 
McKinney Groner, ex-'26, and Edna Lee 
Wood, '26. This Club meets once a month 
and has made plans to have a special fea- 
ture for each meeting. 

ulations are certainly in order for this 
newly formed Club. From the number of 
things already an accomplished fact and 
the number planned for later in the spring 
it would appear that this Club was an "old 
timer'' instead of one of our most recently 
organized. They decided last October to 
form what is known as the Northern New 
Jersey Alumnae Club. Edna Lee Wood, 
'26, attended the first meeting and inspired 
them to start a program of activity, but 
they have gone far beyond and are well 
on the way to lead all of our Clubs in the 
number of enterprises tliat they will have 
completed by the end of May. At the 
first meeting the followins officers were 
elected: Dorothy Ayers Holt, ex-'31. Pres- 
ident, Ethel Ware, '31, Vice-President, 
Pauline Woodward Hill, '31, Secretary 

and Katherine Taylor, ex-'31. Treasurer. 
Sweet Briar Day was celebrated with a 
"dessert-tea" at The Blue Door in East 
Orange where there was a record attend- 
ance of both alumnae and students. At 
this meeting a constitution was adopted 
and plans for raising money were made. 
Eight sectional secretaries have been ap- 
pointed as a means of more easily keeping 
in touch with the girls in their respective 
districts. A series of bridge parties have 
been planned for each district. Montclair 
started with a bridge party on February 
28 at the Montclair Women's Club. They 
had twenty-five tables playing and many 
bought tickets who were miable to attend. 
They plan on having a movie benefit in 
late spring and also to have a "no profit" 
dinner dance when they hope to enlist the 
interest and co-operation of the husbands. 
Is it any wonder that we are proud of this 

PHILADELPHIA— Mary Sailor Gardi- 
ner, '25, is the President of this very active 
Club, which holds montlily meetings. Sec- 
tional secretaries have been appointed to 
more closely keep in touch with alumnae 
living in their respective districts. These 
secretaries are as follows: Elizabeth 
Harms, '28, for Philadelphia proper, Re- 
becca MacGeorge Bennett, ex-'18, for the 
Main Line, Mary Douglas Lyons, '30, for 
Montgomery County, Marion Jayne Ber- 
guido, '28, for Drexel Hill, Elizabetli Moor, 
'26, for South Jerse)^ and Elizabeth Boone, 
'30, for Atlantic City. Lydia Kimball 
Maxam, ex-'24, was appointed the chair- 
man of the Plans Committee and brought 
in a very full and complete report for the 
meeting on Sweet Briar Day. At this meet- 
ing, which was held at the College Club, 
Edna Lee Wood, '26, President, spoke on 
the Value of the Organized Clubs, and also 
on Alimmae Funds. This luncheon was 
one of the largest that the Club has ever 
had. The January meeting was held at the 
home of Beatrix Baldwin Lewis, ex-'13, 
and final plans for the puppet shows were 
completed at this time. A "pep" luncheon 
was held on February 8 at the College Club 
and even that early more than enough 
tickets had been sold to assure the ex- 
penses. Two performances were given by 
the Philadelphia Junior League for the 
Sweet Briar Alumnae Club, one on Feb- 

Alumnae News 


ruary 18 at the home of Mrs. Boericke and 
the other at the Parish House of St.-Mar- 
tins-in-the-Fields on February 25. These 
shows were well attended and the Club is 
indeed to be congratulated on their splen- 
did success. Their spring program is a 
full one as they plan now to have a series 
of bridge lessons which will be given in 
the home of one of the alumnae. They 
have secured one of the leading bridge 
teachers in Philadelphia to co-operate with 
them in working out such a plan. In May 
they will give a tea for prospective students 
and their parents. We can certainly point 
with pride to this Club. 

PITTSBURGH— This Club has been 
busy working for the association since 
early last fall. On October 18 they held 
a benefit Duplicate Bridge tournament at 
the Hotel Schenley. Dorothy Keller, '26, 
President of the Club was the general 
chairman, with Martha Lobingier Lusk, 
'24, assistant chairman, and Dorothy 
Bailey Hughes, '26, chairman on arrange- 
ments. Catherine Cordes Kline, '21, was 
in charge of tickets and had on her com- 
mittee: Ruth Hasson, '30, Ruth Taylor 
Franklin, '25, Mary Fohl Kerr, ex-'22, 
Elizabeth Uber, '32, and Burd Dickson 
Stevenson, '22. Mildred Ellis Reed, ex- 
'21, was in charge of the cake committee 
assisted by Nancy Sherrill Moses, '27, 
Ruth Aufderheide Hull, ex-'26, Mary Close 
Gleason, '27, Dorothy Ellis Worley, ex- 
'23, and Charlotte Marks Schade, '29. 
Elizabeth McCready, '30, had charge of 
the candy committee and was assisted by 
Virginia Hippie Bauger, ex-'28, Margaret 
Malone McClements, '26, Elizabeth Orr, 
ex-'30, and Katherine Close, '29. Gertrude 
Dally, '22, and Elizabeth Williams, '30, 
were in charge of the prizes. More than 
two hundred tickets were sold and from 
every standpoint the affair was considered 
a great success. Sweet Briar Day was 
celebrated with a luncheon at the new 
College Club with a record attendance of 
both alumnae and students. Gertrude 
Dally, '22, was elected Vice-President and 
Elizabeth Orr, ex-'30. Secretary. The 
President, Dorothy Keller, '26, and the 
Treasurer, Emma Lou Haller, ex-'33, re- 

main in office for another year. It was 
decided to have the annual rummage sale 
and plans for this will soon be completed. 
This custom of the Pittsburgh Club to have 
a spring rummage sale each year is one of 
the activities that it has continued for many 
years and is actually looked forward to by 
the customers. We do congratulate you 
on the splendid success of your Club. 

RICHMOND— Margaret Green, ex-'29, 
is the new President of this Club, Charlotte 
Kent, '31, is Vice-President, Norvell Royer 
Orgain, '30, the Secretary and Henrietta 
Crump, '17, is Treasurer. Charlotte Kent, 
'31, was in charge of the arrangements for 
Sweet Briar Day which was celebrated with 
a luncheon at the Gypsy Tavern. More 
alumnae were present at this time than 
ever before. Miss Sparrow, Caroline Fen- 
tress, '36, and Frances Powell, '33, all 
spoke and the affair was considered very 
successful from every standpoint. On 
February 22 a card party was given at 
the Anderson Art Gallery. Margaret Wal- 
ton, '29, was the chairman and this, too, 
was considered a great success. 

TOLEDO — Sweet Briar Day was cele- 
brated this year with a luncheon at the 
Toledo Woman's Club. The following 
officers were elected: Rachael Lloyd 
Holton, '17, President, Doris Thompson 
Reeves, Academy, Vice-President, and 
Margaret Hiett, Secretary and Treasurer. 
Charlotte Whinery, '29, Gratia Geer Howe, 
ex-'30, and Emilie Jasperson Bayha, ex- 
'30, were in charge of the arrangements 
for this meeting. Plans are almost com- 
pleted for this Club to sell and rent jig 
saw puzzles and we do congratulate them 
on this new and interesting idea for mak- 
ing money. 

Under the able management of Elizabeth 
Stevenson, '30, this group celebrated Sweet 
Briar Day with an oyster roast at the home 
of Katherine Carr, ex-'31. Celebrated is 
certainly the word for they had a one hun- 
dred percent attendance and the group is 
by no means a small one. Congratula- 


Sweet Briar College 

Our Moneyless Campaign 


Approximately only two months remain 
to complete our goal of 150,000 coupons. 
CAIVIPAIGN? An opportunity has been 
given to every alumna to do something for 
the association — and at no expense. Will 
you not all please do your utmost to make 
this campaign a success? We cannot fail 
to appreciate the generosity of the firm; 
we cannot fail to realize what it means to 
the office to have this succeed, and above 
all we cannot fail our Alma Mater in a 
time of dire need. It will require 10,000 
coupons a week to take us over the top by 

June first. It can be done. That great 
house cleaning month of April could pro- 
duce almost enough to wind up the cam- 
paign if every one would use the COUPON 
THE COUPONS. We are fully aware that 
your church may be having the same cam- 
paign, but we understand that such cam- 
paigns are of longer duration and that 
you will have an opportunity to give cou- 
pons to them long after ours has closed. 
Soap is the one commodity that we all 
use; so let's all concentrate on this cam- 
paign and be OVER THE TOP BY COM- 

Many Thanks 

On behalf of the Alumnae Council, and 
especially your secretary, who will benefit 
most through the success of this drive, we 
should like to take this opportunity to 
acknowledge and publicly thank the fol- 
lowing friends, faculty, students, and alum- 
nae for their coupons, and more for the 
spirit of co-operation that prompted the 
sending of them. We regret that the list 
is so small but we have reason to believe 
that our list for June will be a large and 
imposing one. 


Mrs. W. R. Eaton. 

Mrs. C. N. Fit. 

Mr. F. J. Gubelman. 

Mrs. W. D. James. 

Mrs. C. B. Leech. 

Marinello Shop, Lynchburg. , 

Miss Eu!a Mathews. 

Mrs. lola Redford. 

Mrs. J. A. Strickland. 

Mrs. R. H. Templeton. 

Mrs. J. Read Voigt. 


Mrs. James Abbitt. 
Miss Adeline Ames. 
Mrs. J. E. Barker. 
Mrs. J. P. Beard. 
Mrs. W. C. Blackwell. 
Boxwood Inn. 
Mrs. William Dew. 
Miss Meta Glass. 
Miss Marian Hallett. 
Mrs. Bernard Jordan. 
Miss Dee Long. 

Miss Lelia Marsh. 
Miss Gay Patteson. 
The Walkers. 
Mrs. R. W. Watts. 
Miss Miriam Weaver. 



Emily Marston Cumnock. 

Eugenia Griffin Burnett. 

Hazel Gardner Lane, ex-'I2. 

Elizabeth Crammer Torrey. 
Maiy Pinkerton Kerr. 
Beniice Richardson Campbell. 
Maiy Clark Rogers, ex-'13. 
Henrianne Early, ex-'13. 

Ruth Maurice Gorrell. 
Henrietta Washburn. 

Helen Baker Waller, ex-"15. 

Margaret Banister. 
Mary Pennypacker Davis. 

Rachal Lloyd Holton. 
Bertha Pfister Wailes. 
Anna Beveridge Leake, ex-'17. 

Vivienne Barkalow Breckenridge. 
Julia Barber Taylor, ex-'18. 

Katherine Block. 
Caroline Sharpe Sanders. 

Helen Beeson Comer. 

Rhoda Allen Worden. 

Amey Smythe. 

Alumnae News 


Helen McMahon. 
Elizabeth Taylor Valentine. 
Margaret Wise 0"Neal, ex-"23. 

Susan Fitchett. 
Martha Lobingier Lusk. 
Helen Mowry Fell. 

Martha McHenry Halter. 

Dorothy Bailey Hughes. 
Anne Barrett Allaire. 
Katherine Blount. 
Mai-y Bristol Graham. 
Wanda Jensch Harris. 
Dorothy Keller. 
Edna Lee Wood. 
M. Joyce MacGregor. 
Helen Mutscher Becker. 
Margurette Denman Wilson. 
Katharyn Norris Kelley. 
Lois Peterson. 
Mary Prange, ex-'26. 

Jeanette Boone. 
Cornelia Wailes. 
Gwen Harris Scott, ex-'27. 

Page Bird Woods. 
Frances Coyner Huffard. 
Marion Jayne Berguido. 
Anne Beth Price Clark. 

Maiy Archer Bean Eppes. 
Dorothy Fowler. 
Amelia Hollis Scott. 
Elizabeth Lankiord Miles. 
Charlotte Whineiy. 
Elizabeth Payne, ex-"29. 

Commencement, June, 1933 

Commencement this June will find 1913 
holding its twentieth reunion; 1923, its 
tenth, and 1928 its fifth. 1928 will be the 
hostess class with 1913 and 1923 as hon- 
ored guests. According to the Dix Sys- 
tem other classes to have reunions this 
year are 1910, 1911, 1912, and 1932. Full 
details of Commencement will be sent you 
early in May; this is just a reminder to 
start now to plan to return June 3-6. Dr, 
Half ord E. Luccock, of the Divinity School, 
Department of Homiletics, of Yale Uni- 
versity, will give the Baccalaureate Sermon. 
The Commencement Address will be given 
by Professor Robert McElroy, of Oxford, 
England, who is at present on leave in the 
United States. 

Elizabeth Marston. 
Norvell Royer Orgain. 
Elizabeth Stevenson. 
Mildred Stone Green. 
Fanny Penn Ford, ex-"30. 
Lillian Lee Wood, ex-"30. 

Elizabeth Clark. 
Virginia Quintard. 
Ella Williams. 
Peronne Whittaker. 
Nancy Worthington. 
Dorothy Ayres Holt, ex-'31. 
Rosalie Faulkner, ex-'31. 
Nancy Gaines, ex-"31. 

Marcia Patterson. 
Alice Weymouth. 

Elizabeth Taylor. 
Virginia Vesey. 

Mary G. Krone. 
Marion Oliver. 

EX- 1935 
Maude Winborne. 


Adah Barber, 1933. 
Margery Gubelman, 1933. 
Geraldine Malloiy, 1933. 
Warwick Rust, 1933. 
Hettie Wells, 1933. 
Rosemary Fiy, 1934. 
Amy Davies. 1934. 
Julia Peterkin, 1935. 
Jacqueline Strickland, 1935. 
Lida Read Voigt, 1935. 
Margaret Huxley, 1936. 

Proposed Changes to the 

Your Council, after due consideration, 
offers the following changes to the Consti- 

That the office of treasurer be discon- 
tinued and the offices of secretary and treas- 
urer be combined, this change to be effect- 
ive June, 1934. 

That one additional member be added to 
the Council as a substitute for the office of 
the treasurer. 

That the second vice-president be elected, 
by the outgoing senior class, from a slate 
submitted to them by the nominating com- 

That the outgoing president remain a 
member of the Council for the two years 
following the expiration of her term of 




41 1 



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Alumnae News 


Old Letters 

A Plea for a Manuscript Department of Sweet Briar Library 

Caroline Lambert Sparrow 

EVER since I have been at Sweet Briar, 
and iny years of service number now 
a quarter of a century, I have wanted 
the college to develop a manuscript de- 
partment. At first I wanted it to become 
the gathering place for data that dealt 
with the social history of our Piedmont 
section of Virginia, with its red clay un- 
derfoot, and its blue mountains in the off- 
ing; then as Sweet Briar drew students 
from wider and wider areas my ambitions 
grew, until I felt that we should gather 
material to write some chapters in the 
cultural and social histor)^ of America. 
Now, with far-flung alumnae to gather our 
manuscripts, and a fire-proof library in 
which to house them, it seems to me the 
time has come to bring this vision into 

The idea, too, seems in keeping with 
present tendencies of research. The study 
of history in this year of our Lord 1933 is 
undergoing a three-way development, for- 
ward, back and lateral. Ancient history no 
longer begins with Greece, nor even with 
the Pyramids. We have dug our way back 
into long forgotten civilizations. We find 
cities that have been built on top of cities. 
They lie, in some cases, nine deep, like an 
inverted skyscraper. As we go deeper and 
farther yet, geology and anthropology 
take up the story of our past and we dig 
our way back into lives of cavemen, or to 
some dimmer place, where the skeleton we 
reconstruct seems doubtfully human, and 
we can scarcely tell in what No-Man's 
Land we wander. We can hardly pick up 
a paper that does not bring fresh news 
from this historic front. 

Then it is obvious to any one alive that 
significant history is being made around us 
with astonishing rapidity. We live in a 
changing age. New machines, new mores, 
new problems, new dangers, new experi- 
ments, and we hope, — new solutions. 

Fascinating as it is to study whence we 
came, and whither we are going, it is to 
the third or lateral movement that I wish 

to call the attention of the students and 
alumnae of Sweet Briar. To many periods, 
there has come a broadening and enrich- 
ing and humanizing of our knowledge 
through study of the social patterns — the 
"Folk-ways," as they have been aptly 
termed. Today historians are busying 
themselves more than ever before with the 
everyday life of the everyday man. 

There are many reasons for this. The 
political development of democracy ac- 
counts for it, I think, in part. When we 
seek for the causes of things as they are, 
we must work back up the stream of public 
opinion, into countless private lives, little 
rills, as it were, of self-interest and pre- 
judice and individual reaction to neighbor- 
hood affairs. Not until we know what 
forces shape the views of many individuals 
can we understand the complexities that 
form the great Mississippi of democratic 

But that is not the only explanation. 
Every intelligent person shares with the 
historian a curiosity about the people of 
the past, who are like us, and at the same 
time so different. Fashions change, but 
women are unalterably interested in dress; 
recipes change, but food is of absorbing 
interest three times a day, yesterday, today, 
and forever. Human nature is the same, 
but all the conditions of living have under- 
gone revolution. How can we reconstruct 
the lives of our forbears? The frontier 
has vanished and the frontiersman. The 
plantation has gone and the makers of it, 
white and black. The "Puritan" lingers 
chiefly in literature, and the words "gentle- 
man" and "lady" have such amorphous 
connotations that one can scarcely use them 
without the explanation — the dating, as it 
were, of quotation marks. If we are in- 
terested about people we must understand 
them in their environment. It is necessary 
to reconstruct the vanished past. 

Now if we want to bring the past back — 
make it come alive to us — we do not go to 
constitutions, nor even to drama. We do 


Sweet Briar College 

not look to any of tlie forms of self-ex- 
pression where man is self-conscious or 
deliberate. We want to catch him off guard 
as it were, when he is busy about his own 
affairs, thinking not of the historic past, 
nor of the impression he may make on the 
historic future, but about his own little 
world of here and now. It is just here, I 
think, that letters are so valuable. The 
writers are not usually posing for future 
readers, nor consciously recalling foggy 
memoirs for the benefit of historians. No, 
they are telling the news of the house, the 
children and the neighborhood to some ab- 
sent member of the group. Women's let- 
ters, for instance, give us a look into their 
world as nothing else does. Sometimes a 
casual phrase will seem to light up a whole 
landscape of domestic life. I remember 
reading a letter from a mountain planta- 
tion in tliis neighborhood, written by a 
gentlewoman in January, 1824, to her hus- 
band in the legislature at Richmond. She 
gave the news of children and slaves, asked 
him to buy certain things, and to notice for 
her "what women were wearing in Rich- 
mond," and tlien — "A pedlar came by to- 
day, the only visitor I have seen since you 
left in November." One sees the sparsely 
settled country, the thick, viscous mud of 
the winter roads; one recalls the protests 
voiced by folk of Tidewater Virginia at 
this period against putting the University 
"so far out of the way"; and one sees a 
loney woman, valiantly keeping the home- 
fires burning, and wistfull)^ enquiring 
about the fashions in Richmond. 

There was a belle and beauty of this same 
place and period who kept all her love 
letters. She was belle for some time, and 
these letters cover a transition period in 
amatory fashions. The earlier letters are 
stiff as brocade with formality. The gentle- 
man humbly asks the honour of the lady's 
hand, and signs himself her "obedient serv- 
ant." Another later letter is written in a 
lighter style. He asks the lady to go rid- 
ing with him, — pleads a bit — "Say 'Yes,' 
Miss Sally, then maybe you'll get the 

I have a letter before me of another less 
fortunate woman, a negro slave, written to 
Mr. Fletcher of Sweet Briar Plantation, 
father of "Miss Indie" and grandfather to 
our own Daisy, in whose memory Sweet 
Briar College was founded. I will let it 

tell its own poignant story. 

february 16 1854 
Mr Elizha fletcher 

I write to you now for you to grant 
me a great favor which you will oblige 
me very much I am now In the hands of 
Mr Woodrough and I expect to Start verry 
soon too the south if you will not oblige 
me as much as to buy me I would be very 
glad if you would. I was a servant of 
captain Eedmond pen. A sister of Mary 
which you own. Martha pen I was sold 
in Lynchburg when Mr george Payne went 
away please to Answer it as soon as you 
can and buy me if you please. I shall 
Depend on you. 

Martha Pen 
your humble 


Lynchburg Va 

And now for my plea! 

I want to urge every student and alumna 
of Sweet Briar College to begin this de- 
lightful treasure hunt for old letters and to 
give their finds to us. Begin first in your 
own family. Search in attics, in old trunks, 
in desks, and perhaps in secret drawers. 
If you have no luck in your own house, 
try your uncles and your cousins. There 
is almost always some one in the connec- 
tion who keeps letters, and is interested in 
family history. Try to find out what has 
become of your great-grandfather's cor- 
respondence, and your great-grandmother's 
love letters. Do you like mystery stories? 
Then set yourself to this detective work. 
Are you fascinated with tales of buried 
treasure? Then seek this treasure trove. 
Once interested in your own ancestral past, 
almost inevitably you would be led, I think, 
further afield. We are all — almost all — 
transplanted Europeans. Surely the ad- 
venturer to America, from whom you 
sprang, must have written back home! 
Stowed away somewhere, in Plymouth per- 
haps, or Devon, in a village in Holland, or 
of Germany, of Ireland, or of Scotland, 
lie letters telling all sorts of interesting 
things about American life. Oh! I want 
so much to get those letters from the New 
World to the Old. If you could find some 
of those, you see what a contribution you 

(Turn to Page 35) 

Alumnae News 


Of Books No End 

By Florence H. Robinson 

(Editor's Note — Your editor announces with the greatest pleasure a new and permanent depart- 
ment of the Alumnae Neics, to be known by the title "Of Books No End." This department is under 
the direction of the Educational Committee of tire Sweet Briar branch of the American Association 
of University Women. Dr. Florence H. Robinson, who is the chairman of this committee, has writ- 
ten the following article. We are indeed glad to welcome her as a regular contributor to our maga- 
zine, and we feel sure that her efforts ivill be more than appreciated by the alumnae.) 

BELIEVING that the Sweet Briar 
alumnae are alert to take advantage 
of opportunities to continue the in- 
tellectual stimulus which they found 
in college, it occurred to the Educational 
Committee of the Sweet Briar Branch of 
the American Association of University 
Women that perhaps it might be of service 
toward this end. We hope we can bring 
to you something which will revivify the 
memory of campus days and will help in 
carrying on through the after-college days, 
in the leisure of your own home, the 
reading habits formed in college; and we 
ask you to send to the Alunmae Secretary 
suggestions concerning subjects of interest 
to you on which you might care to have 
guided reading lists recommended by mem- 
bers of the faculty whose co-operation we 
shall seek. If this new department of the 
Alumnae News could become an informa- 
tional clearing house in the ever-widening 
scope of knowledge through the means ot 
book lists suggested for systematic reading 
we should feel that we were making a 
promising contact between the college and 
its alumnae on the common ground of our 
deeper needs and desires for cultural de- 

Fortunately education does not end with 
four years at college and the bachelor's 
degree. That is the true inwardness of the 
term "Commencement" for the graduation 
ceremony. Adult education applies to all, 
not only to those whose opportunities have 
been few, but also to those who have a 
college education with a degree or degrees 
that are in no sense terminal boundaries 
of knowledge or culture. Professor E. L. 
Thorndike's psychological experiments in 
adult learning indicate that between the 
ages of twenty-five and forty-five we learn 
better than ever before and that the learn- 
ing efficiency of the human adult at sixty 
years of age is eighty-eight per cent. Why, 

then, should we not make the continuation 
after college of the intellectual interests of 
undergraduate days a fundamental bond 
between alumnae and Alma Mater? 

And so we have chosen as our text Ec- 
clesiastes 12:12: "Of making many books 
there is no end," and this department of 
the Alumnae News purposes to bring to 
your attention books for profitable and 
pleasurable reading in various fields, be- 
ginning in this issue with books on travel. 
Perhaps you will be journeying far afield 
next summer or on some cruise next winter 
and can find help for preliminary reading 
in the list below. If you remain at home 
during the summer you may still enjoy 
the experience of intellectual excursions 
into sundry places throughout these months 
of spring and on into the summer. In the 
June issue we plan to suggest books for 
summer reading. 

The American Association of University 
Women has been a pioneer in the field of 
adult education for college women and 
has developed during the last decade ex- 
ceptionally fine offerings in their publica- 
tions and book service facilities. The scope 
of these offerings is varied and wide-spread, 
including such subjects as heredity: psy- 
chology: mental hygiene, with particular 
reference to childhood: child psvchology; 
child development; play activities of chil- 
dren; education of exceptional children; 
adolescence; children's reading; socio-eco- 
nomic studies; the new education and edu- 
cational trends: the fine arts. If an)' of 
tliese topics make a special appeal to you 
we shall be glad to include them in our 
future lists of recommended books. If your 
alumnae clubs desire material for discus- 
sion groups we can put you in touch ivith 
the materials offered by the Association 
for discussion groups in the form of re- 
prints and reference pamphlets. 


Sweet Briar College 

Primarily, however, as we have already 
said, the aim of this department is to keep 
the aliminae in closer touch with the col- 

lege and the faculty in our common pur- 
suit of fntellectual interests and the con- 
tinuing education which enriches all life. 

Suggested Books On Travel 

Dark, Sidney, 

Frank, Harry Alverson, 
Palmer, William Thomas, 



Jais, Mrs. Regina 

James, Henry, 
Lucas, E. v., 


Letts, Malcolm, 


Dougles, Norman, 
Haight, Elizabeth Hazleton 
Johnstone, M. A., 
Lawrence, D. H., 
Lawrence, D. H., 
Symonds, Margaret, and 
Duff Gordon, Lina, 


Capek, Karel, 

Riggs, Arthur Stanley, 


Burnell, F. H., 

Dixon, William Macneile, 

iVIanatt, J. Irving, 

Marden, Philip S., 


Van Dyke, John C, 


Fosdick, Harry Emerson, 

Rostovtzeff, M., 

Long, Ray, 

London Town, (and others in series, KitbagTravelBooks) 

George G. Harrap, London, 1930. 

Footloose in the British Isles, N. Y., Century, 1932. 

The English Lakes; their topography, historical and 

literary landmarks. 

N. Y., Farrar and Rinehart, 1932. 

Handbook to the University of Oxford, Oxford University 

Press, 1933. 

Legendary France; Carcassone and the Basque Coimtry. 
N. Y., Dial, 1931. 

"An enthusiastic account of a leisurely tour from Alsace- 
Lorraine to Paris, then on to Switzerland, the Riviera, 
Provence and the Pyrenees." 

A Little Tour in France, Boston, Houghton, 1912. 
A Wanderer in Paris (and others in this series on other 
countries) ; N. Y., Macmillan, 1924. 

A Wayfarer in Central Germany, Boston, Houghton, 1931 

Old Calabria, N. Y., The Modern Library, Inc., 1928. 

Italy Old and New, N. Y., Dutton, 1922. 

Etruria Past and Present, London, Methuen, 1930. 

Etruscan Places, Viking, 1932. 

Sea and Sardinia, London, Martin Seeker, 1925. 

Perugia, London, Dent, 1927 (and others in the 

Mediaeval Towns series). 

Letters from Spain, tr. by Paul Selver, 

N. Y., Putman, 1932. 

The Spanish Pageant, Indianapolis, Bobbs-Merrill, 1928. 

Wanderings in Greece, N. Y., Longmans, 1931. 
Hellas Revisited, London, Edward Arnold, 1930. 
Aegean Days, London, John Murray, 1918. 
Greece and the Aegean Isles, Boston, Houghton, 1907. 

In Egypt; Studies and Sketches Along the Nile, 
N. Y., Scribners, 1931. 

A Pilgrimage Through Palestine, N. Y., Macmillan, 1931 
Caravan Cities, tr. by D. and T. Talbot Rice, Oxford, 
Clarendon Press, 1932. 

Travel Sketches written in 1928 during travel in Syria, 
Arabia and Palestine. 

An Editor Looks at Russia, N. Y., Long and Smith, 1931. 
"One unprejudiced view of the Land of the Soviets." 

Alumnae News 


Muldaven, Albert, 

EUROPE, General 
Powell, Edward Alexander, 


Der Ling, Princess, 

Hedin, Sven, 

Merrick, Henrietta Sands 

Roerich, George N., 

Solosky, G. E., 

Paris, John Thomson, 
Peck, Annie Smith, 

Freeman, Lewis Ransome 


Chase, Stuart, 
Morris, Ann Axtell, 

Morris, Earl H., 


Barker, Mrs. Ruth Laughlin, 

Davies, Blodwen, 
Finger, Charles Joseph, 

Haring, Harry Albert, 
Winn, Mary Day, 

The Red Fog Lifts, N. Y., Appleton, 1931. 
"The author is little concerned with economic or political 
policy, but he tells what he saw and what he heard 
while meeting people of all classes." 

Undiscovered Europe, N. Y., Ives Washburn, 1932. 
"Ten isolated Lilliputian States entertainingly described'' 
— Albania, Andorra, Danzig, Estonia, Latvia, Lichten- 
stein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Monaco, San Marino. 

Jade and Dragons, N. Y., Mohawk Press, 1932. 
Jehol, City of Emperors, tr. from the Swedish by 
E. G. Nash, iN. Y., Dutton, 1933. 
In the World's Attic, N. Y., Putman, 1931. 
A trip from Srinagar to Leh in the Himalayan country. 
The unusual experiences of an American woman. 
Trails to Inmost Asia, five years of exploration with the 
Roerich Central Asian Expedition, New Haven, \ale Uni- 
versity Press, 1931. 

The Tinder Box of Asia. Garden City, Doubleday, 
Doran, 1932. 

"China's resistance to world pressure, the conflict of 
powers and interests, of peoples and ideas, among hun- 
dreds of millions of human beings, is the burden of this 

Seeing South America, N. Y., Revell, 1931. 

Flying Over South America; twenty thousand miles by 

air, Boston, Houghton, 1932. 

"This is an account of a journey, made by the author at 

the age of seventy-nine, over and to all the countries of 

South America at that time accessible by commercial 

plane. Her narrative is made more interesting because 

of the fact that she had known the country and had 

climbed some of the highest peaks of the Andes, which 

she was now- viewing from another angle." 

Afloat and Aflight in the Caribbean, N. Y., Dodd, 1932. 

Mexico; a study of two Americas, N. Y., Macmillan, 1931 
Digging in Yucatan, Garden City, Doubleday, 
Doran, 1931. 

The Temple of the Warriors; the adventure of exploring 
and restoring a masterpiece of native American archi- 
tecture in the ruined Maya city of Chichen-Itza, Yucatan, 
Scribners, 1931. 

Caballeros, N. Y., Appleton, 1931. 

The Southwest — New Mexico. 

Romantic Quebec, N. Y., Dodd, 1932. 

Footloose in the West; being an account of a journey to 

Colorado and California and other western states, N. Y., 

Morrow, 1932. 

Our Catskill Mountains, N. Y., Putnam, 1931. 

The Macadam Trail: ten thousand miles bv motor coach, 

N. Y., Knopf, 1931. 

"Through thirty-four states from coast to coast of the 

United States." 


Sweet Briar College 

Kate Strauss 

America and Sweet Briar 

By Kate Strauss 

(Editor's Note — Fraulein Kate Strauss of Berlin-Dahlem, who has completed one year's work at 
Frederich-Wilhelm Universitat, Berlin, is the student sent to Sweet Briar this year by the Institute of 
International Education. J 

America! Since September 1931 my 
life stood under the sign of this 
word, all my thoughts circulated 
around it. This word America, what did 
it include? hope! adventure! people! a 
new country! yes, absolutely everything a 
heart desires. 

I think it might interest you to know 
what one has to do to become an exchange 
student. It was one evening in autumn, 
at a garden party, — I remember every bit 
of it, — when I heard that there was a possi- 
bility for young people to go to America. 
I really don't know why I was so fasci- 
nated by the idea of America. Was it the 
"Wanderlust" that is in every young per- 
son, was it curiosity, was it the remem- 

brance of a nice young American I once 
met, or was it just a sort of a play with 
an idea, that never is going to fulfil itself, 
that made me go already the next day to 
the German Academic Exchange office? I 
left it rather discouraged, in my hand two 
long sheets of paper full of questions and 
in my ears the not very hopeful words, 
"hundreds are trying the same." The first 
thing I did was to study the questions. I 
found out that I had to bring a doctor's 
certificate proving my good health, that I 
had to pass an English examination at tlie 
University, that I had to have two pro- 
fessors and two other well known people, 
who would give a reference about my 
mental and other abilities, and at last that 

Alumnae News 


I had to write why I would like to go to 
America. All these things kept me busy 
up to November when I sent my applica- 
tion in, promising myself not to be disap- 
pointed if it did not turn out satisfactorily. 
It was in the beginning of the new year 
that I heard I was accepted from the Ger- 
man side and that my papers travelled 
over to America. Since that moment I 
was full of hope and a lovely and interest- 
ing time started; for all students, who were 
accepted for 7\xnerica, England, Spain, 
Italy and France met once a week, dis- 
cussing problems, which might be interest- 
ing for us in regard to foreign countries 
and which were supposed to make us able 
to answer questions that did not belong 
absolutely to our field. Reports were 
given about various political, social, and 
economic questions, and the evening usual- 
ly ended in a long exciting discussion. It 
was the second of May, — I never shall 
forget this date, — that I got a letter, telling 
me that I was accepted as the first German 
exchange student in Sweet Briar. "Sweet 
Briar, a girls' college with about 500 stu- 
dents, beautifully situated at the foot of 
the Blue Ridge Mountains." This was 
what the letter said, and I did not get to 
hear much more until I actually was in 
Sweet Briar. The siunmer passed by 
quickly with studying and preparations, or 
I better put it the other way round. Short- 
ly before we left, all the exchange students, 
also those who were exchanged years ago, 
came together for three days in the beau- 
tiful old castle at Kopenick, and for three 
days you could see in the lovely park of 
this place groups of young people standing 
together and the "old generation" told the 
young ones how to behave, and what to do 
in a foreign country. They told us about 
the systems here, made us curious and a 
bit scared too. These days in Kopenick 
belong to those hours in our lives that we 
never will forget. We listened to speeches 
of famous people, we heard words as re- 
sponsibility, fatherland, nationalism, inter- 
nationalism, and it is only here in America, 
that I slowly start to understand the deep 
meaning of those words. These camp days 
were followed by ten lovely days on the 
boat, together with thirty other students 
who were just as full of hope as I myself. 
The days passed slowly, we gazed into the 
water and gazed into the sky, realizing how 
far America is away from Europe. New 

York greeted us with rain and our mood 
was influenced by the sad nature; for we 
had to say goodbye to people we liked and 
who were very dear to us, and a big ques- 
tion mark was all that was left. America 
began. America, give me a chance! 

And now I am here in this lovely spot 
and today I am asked to give you my re- 
action on an American girls' college, my 
opinion, the opinion of one of these con- 
ceited continental people, boasting with 
their tradition and their culture. But in 
forming my opinion, which is by far not 
formed yet, I always tried to forget Eu- 
rope, I always tried and still try not to 
compare — six months is a very short time 
to judge a place, and knowing that the 
opinion I had after the first month turned 
to the contrary in the second and changed 
again in the third and so on, I do ask you 
not to take my lines I write tonight as gos- 
pel or my idea about America as fixed, for 
it wants a long, long time to face a land 
as vast and as chaotic as yours, and even 
an institution as small and yet as many 
sided as Sweet Briar. 

To pick out some facts that strike me 
most I have to say first that we abroad have 
no idea about the beautiful campus and 
lovely buildings an Amercan college has, 
we in our over-crowded country never 
think a second of the possibility of a cam- 
pus as vast and beautiful as Sweet Briar's. 
But this is a mere exterior fact. The in- 
terior fact, that is in my opinion, the most 
striking is the community life of the stu- 
dents and the relation between professors 
and students. Of course there are some 
people who criticize, that it is not right to 
shut people up, that they don't see any- 
thing of the world outside, its activity and 
its ugliness; perhaps that is a disadvantage, 
but first of all they see and feel it early 
enough and secondly, it is balanced by this 
complex, intense community life, which 
otherwise never could be carried on. This 
strong feeling in most of the students to 
keep up the honor of the school, the belief 
in the people they elected to guide them, 
all these things we hardly know in our 
country, where the individual plays such a 
great role, that hardly anybody is able to 
subordinate himself; and in this commu- 
nity education lies, according to my idea, 
the strength of a nation, in regard to the 

(Turn to Page 34) 

v^o^^o COUPONS I 





- NOT 


Sweet Briar College 

Life In Germany 

By Delia Ann Taylor, '34 

(Editor's Note — Delia Ann Taylor who is spending her junior year at the University of Munich 
w-ill return to Sweet Briar next fall for her senior year. She has written this article about her life 
in Germany and later she will write an article giving the details of her work at the University.) 

mention the museums and art galleries. 

MUNICH is a wonderful cit)-. I have 
loved it ever since my first taxi- 
ride froin the station — a ride that 
I remember as a succession of fountains 
and very clean streets. That was on a 
hot day back in August — perhaps that's 
why the fountains pleased me so — and 
since then I have made friends with Munich 
and a part, at least, of its people. 

Munich is loveliest in summer when the 
wide squares are bright and sun-filled and 
the tiny crooked cobble-stoned streets with 
their arches and "bridges" are cool and 
shady. Flowerboxes at the windows, at 
almost every window, make bright splashes 
on the gray old buildings. Bright-splashed, 
too, are the streets — bright with the gay 
dress of the Bavarian peasants: women in 
bright-banded black skirts and quaint hats, 
and men in short leather trousers with 
beautifully embroidered '"suspenders." 

On summer week-ends, the railroad sta- 
tion is the busiest place in all Munich. A 
comitless number of third class excursion 
trains, filled, really filled, with a countless 
number of Munich families, each with its 
quoto of suchsacks and walking sticks, 
leave for those most wonderful mountains, 
the Bavarian Alps. Each family, arrived 
at what it thinks is a proper destination, 
clambers out of the train, is off for one, 
two, or three days of nandering. I, my- 
self, have tried it, and Fm sure one of my 
most pleasant memories of Germany will 
be of my week-ends in the mountains — a 
memory of bright, sim-filled days spent in 
a sun-filled land. 

Munich, in the winter, is quite another 
Munich. A whiter, quieter, somehow an 
older Munich. One of the nicest parts 
about winter in Munich is the theater and 
music. These two must help to make 
Munich the educational center it is. There 
is certainly a varietv and abundance of 
both. In the theater, for example, I have 
seen not only German works, classic and 
modern, but translations from English, 
Scandanavian, even Russian. And then there 
is the opera and concerts galore, not to 

Last October, all twenty of Munich's 
American "juniors", having worked right 
loyally at grammar drill for eleven weeks, 
took what we, at least, called a "well- 
earned vacation": a trip to Niirnberg and 
Rothenburg. When I'm a grandmother 
I think I shall live in Niirnberg, just 
because of the Christmases and birth- 
days that require boxes full of toys; just 
because of Christmases and birthdays and 
because of the Lebkuchen. They say that 
Lebkuchen. is only gingerbread, but if that 
is so, I never realized the possibilities of 
"only gingerbread." 

Niirnberg mothers tell Niirnberg chil- 
dren that one Christmas Eve, Santa Glaus, 
worn out from his work, sat down on his 
sled, amidst a load of toy houses, and fell 
asleep. While he slept, the tiniest of his 
reindeer took fright at a cloud and jumped. 
The team bolted, the sled overturned, and 
Santa and his houses fell out on the snow. 
The good Saint had to run after his team 
and left the houses where they had fallen. 
There was Niirnberg! 

Rothenburg and Dinkelsbiihl are fairy- 
tale towns. You don't believe them till 
you see them and then not quite, somehow. 
They're tiny little places, both of them. 
We walked around the wall of Rothenburg 
in half an hour. But if you want to see 
the town — all of its crooked little streets 
that stumble into one another; all of its 
lovely, tiny courts; its marvelous beaker 
of the Meistertrunk; if you want to admire 
that wonderful old art of Inn-signs; if you 
want to know Rothenburg, it will take days 
and days. 

But our da)'s were limited. We had to 
get back to Munich and the University — to 
Munich and its theater and concerts and 
operas; back to the city of festivals and 
Gemiitlickkeit; back to days that are full 
as my days never have been; for, you see, 
we have only one year in which to do it 
all — work and play — and we want to do 
it as the Germans do, and see it as the 
Germans see it. 

Alumnae News 


Courtesy College Art Association 

Peacock Feathers 

By J. Alden Weir, 
N. A. 

Lent by the 
Macbeth Galleries 

From the Art Department 

During the early part of February there 
was a display of great interest in the ex- 
hibit hall of tlie Mary Helen Cochran 
Library. This display consisted of a large 
number of excellent reproductions of the 
woodcuts of Albrecht Durer, the famous 
German artist. Durer, who lived in the 
late fifteenth and early sixteenth centuries, 
is almost as well known for his woodcuts 
as for his paintings. His subjects were for 
the greater part religious. Following this 
display there was a collection of sixteenth 
century woodcuts on view in the exhibit 

The college is again privileged to have 
the Traveling Exhibition of the College 
Art Association. There will be forty can- 
vasses on display from April 17-29, de- 
picting the "Background of American 
Paintings." This collection has for its 
purpose to show examples of the schools 
in which American artists have worked and 
in a measure to trace their influence to the 
present day. The display begins with the 
Hudson River School and continues up to 
the present day showing the traditional 
background upon which contemporary 
American art is based, including paintings 

by Winslow Homer, Albert Ryder, Thomas 
Eakins, Duveneck, Inness, Childe Hassam, 
Blakelock, Twachtman, Chase Davies and 
many others. The Metropolitan Museum 
of Art and the Macbeth Galleries have 
loaned the canvasses of Landscape and 
Marine Painting of the Hudson River 
School. Colonial or Folk Painting is to 
be shown by works loaned from the New- 
house and Downtown Galleries. The Ehrich 
Galleries have loaned pictures showing the 
English influence in Portrait and Figure 
Painting, while the Babcock Galleries have 
loaned portraits to show the influence of 
the Munich School. The Ferargil Galleries 
have loaned several portraits to show the 
French influence. Works displaying the 
Post-Impressionist Movement will be loaned 
from the Kraushaar Gallery and the Grand 
Central Art Galleries. The present-day in- 
fluences will be shown from works from 
the estate of Mr. and Mrs. Robert Henri, 
the Kraushaar Gallery, and the Macbeth 

This is the largest exhibit of painting 
that has ever been on display at Sweet 
Briar and will require not only the Art 
Room, but also the parlors in Fergus Reid 
to show adequately the forty canvasses. 


Sweet Briar College 

The May Day Traditions 

By Mary Elizabeth Suttle, '34 

(Editor's Note — Mary Elizabeth Suttle is the Editor of The Brambler and twice a member of 
the Sweet Briar May Court.) 

"With roses, red roses ive'll pelt her with 
And lilies, ivhite lilies ive'll drop at her 

In only two more months the strains of 
this, our traditional song, will sound 
through the Dell, beautiful in its spring 
glory of dogwood and redbuds, ushering 
in another May Day at Sweet Briar. Once 
again they will come, two by two, des- 
cending under green trees to the throne, 
lovely girls, dressed in fresh spring colors, 
carrying spring flowers, looking like 
Spring itself. A hush falls, "The May 
Queen is coming" — again the strains of the 
song sound clear and sweet. Another May 
Queen, the loveliest girl in her class, has 
come to receive her crown of flowers, has 
come to personify for all those present 
the beauty of youth in Springtime. May 
Day at Sweet Briar has always been cele- 
brated in this fashion. 

Though we have always had a May Pole, 
May Pole dancing and pageants we have 
never had a strictly Elizabethan May Day. 
True, those former May Days had some- 
thing more of the Elizabethan spirit. Those 
of us who are here now often wish that we 
might have seen May Day in the Boxwood 
Circle where the peacock spread his tail 
of green and blue and gold before the 
throne, and Robin Hood and his merry men 
frolicked in the Dell. 

Although this celebration is character- 
istically English it is by no means unique 
to the English people. In every country, 
in France, or Spain, or Russia, in every 
clime and every age from time immemorial 
the first of May has been a great country- 
side festival. It has different aspects in 
different localities but it became in most 
places a celebration symbolizing fertility 
and the annual rebirth of vegetation. 

The modern festival has its origin in the 
Floralia of the Romans, a festival in honor 
of Flora, goddess of flowers. But the idea 
underlying it is still more remote in the dim 
ages of antiquity when tree worship was 
practiced and every tree was believed to be 
the home of a beneficent tree spirit. Then 

it was a religious ceremony, inspired by 
love of nature. 

However, it is in the English May Day 
that we are most interested and it is, per- 
haps, in England that the festival takes its 
fullest shape. Here spring meant release 
from care, from stuffy, unpleasant houses to 
vast woods and sweet fields transformed 
so suddenly from winter bleakness. The 
festival is as old as the land itself, as old 
as the ceaseless rebirth of the land in 
spring. But it is only from the fifteenth 
century on that references in literature 
make our knowledge of it complete. Per- 
haps, if we should use our very best pair 
of rose colored glasses, we might look 
back and see an Old English May Day. 
We should see the Queen, the most beau- 
tiful girl in the community, dressed in 
white, garlanded with flowers. We should 
see Robin Hood in his grass green tunic. 
Maid Marian in green and brown, lovely 
maidens scattering flowers. Little John, 
Friar Tuck, and all the joyous fellowship 
of Sherwood Forest. It is hard to explain 
how Robin Hood got into the May Games. 
One theory is that he is a mythological 
figure, portraying an aspect of a vegeta- 
tion diety or a minor wood spirit. This is 
hardly possible for we have no evidence 
that he was ever regarded as the incarna- 
tion of fertility. There is another more 
probable theory. In the French "pastour- 
elles," which were songs sung at this sea- 
son, the names "Robin" and "Marian" 
were used. These names, no doubt, were 
introduced by the minstrels and trans- 
ferred to the corresponding English May 
Game. The similarity of the name Robin 
to Robin Hood would naturally bring in 
all the band. 

Before May Day had even dawned, the 
people went out into the woods and fields 
to return bearing flowers and May branches 
with which they decorated their houses and, 
most important of all, they brought back 
the May Tree, which was now raised on 
the green. If we should again use our rose 
colored glasses we should see the oxen, 
twentv yoke of them, their horns decorated 

Alumnae News 
May Queens 


The First Four May Queens — as they are today- — with the Queen of 1933 

Top Left — Ann Royall. ex-"10. the first Queen. 1907. Top Right — Maiy Brooke Grant, ex-Tl, 
the second Queen, 1908. Center — Sara JMaria Kelly, the Queen of 1933. Lower Left— 
Josephine Murray Joslin. '11, the only student to be a May Queen twice. 1910 and again 
1911. Lower Right— Margaret Cobb Perkins, ex-12, the third Queen, 1909. 


Sweet Briar College 

with nosegays, dragging in the flower 
decked pole. Then all the youths and 
maidens with flying feet and flying hair 
wound the streamers, while the Queen 
looked on in stately but boring grandeur. 
Nor would the day be complete without 
a play. The Robin Hood and St. George's 
plays were most popular, though Masques 
were also given. One play, called "Robin 
Hood and the Friar," has this foreword: 
"Here Beginnethe the Playe of Robyn 
Hoode, verye proper to be played at Maye 
Games." After the play there would be 
morris dances until sunset, and everyone 
went home tired but happy — back to their 
plebeian tasks, from which there would be 
no relief mitil the next fair or festival. 

Later Maying generated in the villages 
and became usually a mere beer swilling. It 
also found its way to the court and became, 
under the Tudors, a sumptuous pageant, 
filled with learned, allegorical and pseudo- 
classic references. Elizabeth was as fond 
of Maying as the lowest of her subjects 
and even in earlier times the court cele- 
brated May Day. Chaucer says: 
"Laura goeth all the court both moste and 

To fetche the floures freshe and braunche 

and blome." 

In the Arthurian romance of Malory 
Guinevere is taken by Sir Meliagraunce 
while Maying. "As the Queen had Mayed 
and her knights, all were bedashed with 
herbs, mosses and flowers in the best man- 
ner and freshest." 

At the time of the Puritan ascendency 
the May Festival bore its share of the at- 
tack against liberties and pleasures. How- 
ever, the custom was too deep-rooted in the 
folk mind of the people and the Puritans, 
despairmg of abolishing the festival, tried 
to reform it. One May song they changed 
so that it reads piously thus: 

"Remember us poor Mayers all. 
And thus we do begin 
To lead our lives in righteousness 
Or else we die in sin." 

Now that we have looked back with the 
aid of our very best rose colored glasses, 
how pleasant it would be to look ahead to 
future May Days at Sweet Briar. But not 
even the rose colored glasses can accom- 
plish that. All that we may know is that 
so long as spring is beautiful in the hills 
of Virginia so will our May Day be in- 
creasingly lovely in the gracious tradition 
of the South. In the words of an old carol, 
"So God bless ) ou, both great and small. 
And send you a joyful May." 

May Day, 1933 

Miss Sara Marie Kelly has been elected 
May Queen. The three Honor girls elected 
for the May Court are: Lena Jones, Maid 
of Honor, Josephine Rucker, Garland 
Bearer, and Elena Doty, Scepter Bearer. 

The May Queen and her Honor girls 
have chosen for the court the following: 
seniors, Margaret Austin, Susalee Belser, 
Dorothy Brett, Ruth Davies, Emily Denton, 
Lois Foster, Susan Graves, Ellen Kelly, 
Marjorie Ris, Abigail Shepard, and Lang- 
horne Watts: juniors, Frances Darden, 
Lydia Goodwin, Jean Myers, Cordelia 

Penn, Elizabeth Sutlle, and Bonnie Wood; 
sophomores, Sarah Moorman, Ellen Pratt, 
Virginia See, Bernice Elizabeth Thompson 
and Louise Wood. The Queen's Page will 
be Mary Kate Patton. The freshmen pages 
will be chosen later. 

Margery Gubelman has been selected by 
the Queen to lead the May Day dance and 
she will be assisted by Geraldine Mallory. 

"Sanctuary" — A Bird Masque — by Percy 
MacKaye will be given on May Day fol- 
lowing the crowning of the Queen. 

Alumnae News 


Concerts and Lectures 

ON Friday evening, January 13, Eliza- 
beth Copeland, '30, soprano, and 
Philip W. Whitfield, bass-baritone, 
gave a song recital in the Chapel. This 
event was of special interest due to the fact 
that Miss Copeland is the first graduate to 
return to the college to give such a recital. 
The songs sung by Miss Copeland which 
were best liked were perhaps "Se Florinde 
e fedele," by Scarlatti, and "Spring," by 
Hilton Rufty. From this one may well see 
that the program was one of great variety. 
Her voice is of lovely quality and all of 
her work is characterized by her personal 
charm. Mr. Whitfield has a powerful 
voice, well controlled, dramatic and color- 
ful and with a wide range. Of all the 
songs ivhich he gave "Ewig" by Eric Wolff 
will remain long in the memory of those 
who heard him. Miss Copeland and Mr. 
WTiitfield gave two duets from the operas 
Don Giovanni, "La ci darem la mano," 
and "Crudel! 'perche fin 'ora" from Le 
Nozze di Figaro by Mozart. These were 
sung with all the wit and charm which 
their interpretation demands and were 
greatly appreciated by the audience. More 
than twenty-five alumnae from Lynchburg 
and Amherst returned to the college for 
this occasion and remained for the recep- 
tion in Fergus Reid Parlors in honor of 
the artists after their program. 

Mr. Max Montor, noted German actor, 
gave a varied program of dramatic inter- 
pretations, in Fletcher auditorium on Sat- 
urday evening, January 14. Mr. Montor 
is internationally known for his unusual 
interpretations of drama and poetry. For 
the benefit of those unacquainted with the 
German language he gave in English a 
verv brief summary of the contents of each 
selection, which proved helpful to his au- 
dience. His program was as follows: 

Goethe: ''Prolong im Himmel" aus 


Scene II). 

Schiller: Kapuzinerpredigt aus "Wall- 
ensteins Lager." 

Shakespeare-Lessing "Tolerance better 

Die Kraniche des Ibykus. 
Minna von Barnholm (Act IV, 

Elizabeth Copeland, '30 

than Hatred" (Selections from "Merchant 
of Venice" and Nathan the Wise). 
Goethe: "Schuler-scene" aus Faust. 

As an encore, Mr. Montor chose the im- 
pressive scene from Shakespeare's "Henry 
VIII" in which Cardinal Wolsey, dismissed 
by Henry VIII, reveals his utter humility 
and sad loneliness to his friend, Cromwell. 

Mr. Philip Guedalla, the internationally 
known biographer and lecturer, spoke Fri- 
day evening, February 10, in the Chapel, 
on the "Limitations of Biography." "Bio- 
graphy," said Mr. Guedalla, "is the accu- 
rate presentation of what the subject of 
the biography said, did, wrote, looked like, 
and a description of the scenes in which 
he took part." Mr. Guedalla discussed the 
differences which distinguish the writing 
of history and biography. "It seems that 
dullness is a certificate of accuracy in the 
writing of history," Mr. Guedalla said, 
"whereas the biographer is allowed to ex- 
press himself in a style which is more in- 


Sweet Briar College 

teresting for the reader, but which is also 
faithful to the facts involved." Mr. Gue- 
dalla deplored the mass production of 
biography which is taking place at the 
present time. He lamented the fictionized 
and inadequate biographies which are 
being produced and expressed the hope 
that more carefull)' written biographies 
would appear in the future. The lecture 
was characterized by a charming, radiant 
personality which made itself felt to every- 
one who heard him. 

On Friday evening, February 17, Walter 
Pach, artist, writer, and lecturer spoke, in 
the Chapel, on "Daumier." Mr. Pach's 
reputation as a painter and etcher has been 
steadily growing and is only overshadowed 
by his renown as a critic and writer on art 
subjects. He has written several books, 
and has lectured, among other places, at 
the Metropolitan Museum in New York, 
the University of California, and the Na- 
tional University of Mexico. The lecture 
was illustrated with many interesting slides 
of Daumier's work. 

Madame Elizabeth Schumann, one of the 
world's greatest lieder singers, appeared at 
Sweet Briar Friday night. February 24, and 
presented the most perfect program, from 
tlie standpoint of her art, that the college 
has heard in many years. Madame Schu- 
mann is leading lyric soprano of the Staat- 
soper in Vienna and has suns; in most of 
the capitals of Europe as well as on both 
American continents. 

With the exception of two English songs. 
''The Shoemaker"' by Arnold Bax and 
"Lullaby" by Cyril Scott, all of her songs 
were by German composers and sung in 
German. There were groups of songs by 
Schubert. Schumann, Brahms and Strauss 
and one b)' Gustav Mahler. Madame Schu- 
mann sang with finish of technique and a 
consequent beautv of tone which is rarelv 
heard by any audience. Her perfect con- 
trol in pianissimo passages was particu- 
larly noticeable in Gustav Mahler's "Wer 
hat Dies' Liedlein Erdacht?" and again in 
"Feldeinsamkeit" by Brahms. 

Especially to be mentioned were the 
melodies characteristic of Schubert, which 
gave her opportunity to display her flute- 
like clarity and perfect intonation. "Du 
Bist Die Rub" and "Wohin" were outstand- 
ing examples of this group. Also Brahms' 

Madame Schumann 

■'Wiegenlied" was a favorite with the au- 
dience and was repeated by Madame Schu- 

Madame Schumann's art was well sup- 
ported by Richard Wilens' accompaniment. 

The Hampton Institute Quartet gave a 
song recital in the Chapel on Sunday even- 
ing, March 5. The singers, who are recog- 
nized as being in the front rank of Negro 
spirituals singers, have appeared at Sweet 
Briar several times and are always greeted 
by an appreciative audience. 

Maurice Hindus, noted writer and lec- 
turer, spoke on Friday evening, March 10, 
in the Chapel. His topic was "A World 
that Never Was." Returning from a seven 
months stav in Russia. Mr. Hindus is mak- 
ing a lecture tour of the country. His 
speech showed that mankind has never 
known a world such as the Russians are 
creating today; that religion, the modern 
famil)' and other familiar institutions are 
being uprooted. He told what is being 
substituted for them, and traced the 
changes that have come over various types 
of people since the coming of Sovietism. 
Also he showed the relations between Rus- 
sia and America, England, and other na- 

Alumnae News 


Dr. Stanley K. Hornbeck will speak on 
Thursday evening, Maixh 16, in the Chapel 
on "A Chapter in International Relation." 
Dr. Hornbeck has been Chief of the Divi- 
sion of Far Eastern Affairs, Department of 
State since 1928. He was a member of the 
Political Science Department at the Uni- 
versity of Wisconsin for six years and 
from 1909-1913 he was Instructor in Chi- 
nese Government Colleges. For four years 
he lectured on the History of the Far East 
at Harvard. He has been the expert ad- 
visor to various American diplomatic Com- 
missions, including the Peace Conference 
Commission of 1918-19, and the Washing- 
ton Conference Commission of 1921-22. 
He is an author of various books including 

"Contemporary Politics in the Far East" 
and "China Today — Political." 

On March 17 Frank Kneisel will give a 
violin recital. He is the son of a famous 
father and is himself making a place which 
is all his own. He has been spoken of as 
deserving to be listed among the few dis- 
tinguished violinists. 

Dr. English Bagbie, Professor of Psy- 
chology at the Lniversity of North Caro- 
lina, will lecture on April 9 in the Chapel 
on "Personality." This lecture is consid- 
ered by those who have heard it to be un- 
usually interesting and of great value as 
Dr. Bagbie has a keen understanding of 
students and is well equipped to discuss 
such a topic. Before going to the Univer- 
sity he was previously on the Yale faculty. 

The Honor Banquet 

THE annual Honor Banquet took place 
on the evening of Thursday, March 
2. Dr. Morriss, Dean of Pembroke 
College in Brown University, spoke on 
"The Place of Scholarship in These Chang- 
ing Times." 

"The two great needs at present," she 
said, "are for knowledge and leadership. 
Scholars were never more needed. I real- 
ize that you are not all going to be schol- 
ars, very few of you really, but you are 
a picked group of young women, picked 
from within a larger picked group, and 
chosen presumably for your intellectual 
point of view. How far can you, with your 
trained intelligence and your love for and 
appreciation of the best in human life and 
history, serve your own generation and 
preserve for the next the standards of your 

Dean Morriss outlined three aspects of 
the great need for scholarship in these 
changing times, the first being the practical 
application of trained intelligences to the 
ordinary relationships of home and family 

The second thing which should be clearly 
stated in discussing the place of scholar- 
ship in the modern world is, according to 
Dean Morriss, the necessity of maintaining 
the highest ideals of scholarship. There is 

a terrible danger that the practical demands 
of the present difficult period should swamp 
the intangible needs of education and schol- 

"The third possibility is that a few of 
you may yourselves be scholars. This is 
the highest hope of every educator. * * * 
The pursuit of scholarship is a great adven- 
ture. Let no one tell you that it is a dull 
career. Instead of that thank your lucky 
stars if you are marked out as a fortunate 
one. You will have all the thrills of a 
great discoverer. To you more than to 
most people will come frequent compen- 
sation for long days of routine and hard 
work. * * " Without any question, it is 
one of the happiest ways of life for any- 
one. Do not scoff at the scholar; look at 
him or her with envy instead. They are 
people set apart for perhaps the most im- 
portant service to mankind. You are not 
all likely to be scholars. But all of you 
can take a scholarly, that is to say an in- 
telligent, attitude towards life; all of you 
can uphold the importance of spiritual 
values at all times. Maybe one or two of 
you will yourselves be called to that noble 
way of life — the scholar's career. It is the 
scholar who fulfills the saying of LeMaitre, 
the priest, who is a great physicist: "Seek- 
ing for truth! Is that not service to God?" 


Sweet Briar College 

From the Athletic Department 

Natalie Roberts, '31, has again been ap- 
pointed the chairman for the Alumnae 
Class for the May Day Horse Show, which 
will be held this year on the morning of 
May 5. No charge will be made for rid- 
ing in the Horse Show. Entries must be 
sent either to Natalie Roberts, Nestle Brook 
Farm, Roanoke, Virginia, by April 15, or 
to the alumnae office not later than May 

The Varisty Basketball season has closed 
with the following results: Sweet Briar vs. 
Farmville, 28 to 10 in favor of Farmville. 
The William and Mary game was very 
close with our team loosing by one point, 
the final score being 18 to 17. The West- 
hampton game we won by a score of 36 
to 10. A different system and a different 

type of game has been used by the team 
this j'ear and a stead)' improvement has 
been made from the first. 

On Thursday evening, March 9, the stu- 
dent dance class gave a Dance Demonstra- 
tion in die gymnasium. More interest has 
been shown in the dance groups this year 
than ever before and the student volunteer 
group is the largest one that has been en- 
rolled in recent years. The faculty has 
also had a dance group, which has met 
every Thursday evening since the first of 

The courts in the gymnasium for tennis, 
squash, deck tennis, ping-pong, and bad- 
minton have been in constant use and all 
of these activities continue to be a source 
of enjoyment to both students and faculty. 

7 HE Ideal hotel for 
students and fdculty 
members visiting Washing- 
ton. Located on Capitol 
Plaza only a few minutes 
walk from the Capitol, Li- 
brary ot Congress and Folger 
Shakespeare Library. Con- 
venient to shopping and the- 
atre districts. 


Excellent Service and 




Alumnae News 


London in a Day 

THERE is a trite saying among Eng- 
lishmen that in Trafalgar Square in 
London you will meet everyone you 
have ever known, provided of course, you 
have time on your hands. And while it 
would not be advisable for the visitor who 
has only a day to spare in which to make 
a hurried survey of London to spend it 
standing in the shadow of Lord Nelson or 
his column 142 feet above the street level, 
it is nevertheless probably the very best 
place to commence a tour of the world's 
largest and probably most cosmopolitan 

Numerous coaches leave Trafalgar 
Square daily, and a comprehensive itiner- 
ary is followed at a very nominal charge. 

The route they usually follow is along 
Thames Embankment, erstwhile resting 
place of genius: to Queen \ ictoria Street, 
into the citv proper via Cannon Street and 
by the Monument, which commemorates 
the great fire of London of 1666 to famous 
old London Bridge, opened in 1831, and 
the busiest bridge in the Empire. The 
route then leads to the Tower of London 
nearby. Tower Hill, Trinity Square, All 
Hallows Church. Barkins. Mansion House 

I the Lord Mayor's official headquarters), 
Royal Exchange, Threadneedle St. and the 
Bank of England. 

Thence on through the "City of London" 
— (the "city" is only a very small area 
actually I stopping to view St. Pauls Cathe- 
dral, Ludgate Circus, Fleet Street — ("the 
street of ink"), the Royal Courts of Justice, 
Lincoln's Inn Fields, (immortalized by 
Dickens in Martin Chuzzlewit and many of 
his other masterpieces I and thence out of 
the City into Whitehall, the renowiied 
Horse Guards and Downing St., the Ceno- 
taph, Houses of Parliament, Westminster 
Abbey to Buckingham Palace, Hyde Park 
and several of the most famous museums 
in the world. The tour generally ends in 
Oxford Street, the principal shopping cen- 
ter of London. 

Highlights on this trip are St. Pauls, the 
Tower, the Horse Guards, (best seen at 11 
A. M. when the historic ceremony of the 
changing of the guard occurs I Westmin- 
ster Abbey and Buckingham Palace and of 
course the Bank of England. 

Photo United States Lines 

The Horse Guards 


The Sweet Briar News 

has appointed the 


with offices at 

230 Park Avenue 

New York City 

As its New York Travel Bureau. 

Sweet Briar Graduates are urged 

to avail themselves of this 


Watch for the Card 

with the above * symbol 

in your mail 


\our use of it will, without charge 

or obligation to you, bring added 

travel advertising to this magazine. 


Sweet Briar College 

Miss Stochholm's New Book 


R. Johanne M. Stochholm, associate 
professor of English, has just com- 
pleted, as thesis for the degree of 
degree of Doctor of Philosophy at Bryn 
Mawr College, a critical annotated edition 
of Philip Massinger's play, "The Great 
Duke of Florence." 

In the preface Miss Stohholm states that 
the play "presents to the student a number 
of interesting problems concerning its 
sources and analogues, its historical back- 
ground and its peculiar combination of 
legendary material with topical allusions." 
Miss Stochholm has traced the main motive 
of the drama, the Edgar-AIfreda story, 
from its first appearance in English lit- 
erature to Massinger's play and also its 

development from the period subsequent 
to Massinger's version to the present day. 
This Edgar-Alfreda motive is that of a 
courtier wooing a maiden for his master, 
but betraying his master b)' courting her 

The date of the play depends on his- 
torical and political allusions, several of 
which have been newly brought to light. 
Miss Stochholm says, "I have, I believe, 
succeeded in dating the play more pre- 
cisely than has hitherto been done. A 
close examination of the play has con- 
vinced me that in it are embedded numer- 
ous allusions to events in Italian and Eng- 
lish history during the first quarter of the 
17tli century." 

Dr. van R. Hoogendyk Visiting Professor 

Dr. E. C. Scott, head of the chemistry 
department, has been granted a Sabbatical 
leave for the second semester of this ses- 
sion. During his absence Dr. Van R. 
Hoogendyk will assist in the department 
as a visiting lecturer. Dr. Hoogendyk holds 
the M.A. and Ph.D. degrees in chemistry 

from the University of Gottingen and has 
done graduate work at the University of 
Berlin. His teaching in this country in- 
cludes work at the University of Colorado, 
the University of Illinois, and at Bryn 
Mawr College. 

America and Sweet Briar 

(Continued from Page 21) 

state. You learn better than we to obey, 
and to disobey one learns easily enough. 
The other thing I pointed out was your 
friendship with your teachers. Our uni- 
versities are too overcrowded that a pro- 
fessor could have a personal interest in the 
students; only later, when they do special 
work for him, they might become friendly, 
but this is not the only reason. While your 
country is from the root democratic, the 
idea of rank plays still a great role in our 
country, and a teacher has absolutely a 
superior feeling which builds up a wall 
between the student and him. Of course I 
could go on and on telling about things I 
love in a college in America, but I have to 
limit myself because of the space I get in 
this magazine and therefore after this fav- 
orable criticism, allow me to mention a 
thing with which I don't agree absolutely 
and that is the system how you work, this 
absolutely work for grades. Of course it 
is a very natural instinct in man to do 
somethino; for a reward, but I think one 

should work a bit more for the interest of 
the work. L'art pour Fart! Perhaps you 
say I am wrong, and my observations are 
false, but you talked too much about 
grades, prizes and honor banquets for me 
to get any other impression. You work in 
the feeling that quizzes and examinations 
hang above you, and you should try to find 
something else in your work. Please don't 
misunderstand me, but being asked to say 
what I think I wanted to give the truth and 
I hope you will understand me. 

It is only another four months that I am 
allowed to stay in this college, but I know 
that I shall go back to Germany maturer 
than I came, full of things I learned here 
not only in regard to work and sports, but 
in regard to people, to self confidence and 
many other things, and I think there was 
never a year and there will never be one 
so full of events, so full of learning. Go- 
ing back to Europe, I know that it will be 
my task, out of my deepest conviction, to 
tell my folk about your country, and its 

good and great side. 

Alumnae News 


The American Alumni Council 

THE annual meeting of District III of 
the American Alumni Comicil was 
held at Duke University, Durham, 
North Carolina, February 24 and 25. At- 
tending this meeting were the representa- 
tives of colleges in the states of Alabama, 
Florida, Georgia, North Carolina, South 
Carolina and Virginia. President W. P. 
Few of Duke University was the speaker 
at the banquet, which was given by the 
University to the visiting delegates. Presi- 
dent Few in his address defined the pro- 
cesses of education and pointed to the 
privileges and responsibilities of alumni 
to their alma maters. "True education," 
he said, "is self-education, and it is a life- 
long process. Our colleges and our alumni 
will be better off when they realize that a 
student matriculates not four years or for 
a prescribed course but for life. The high- 
est ideal for the alumnus is his endeavor 
not to find out what the college can do 

for him, but what he can do for the col- 
lege." Dr. Frank Graham, President of 
the University of North Carolina, spoke at 
the luncheon, giving many concrete ex- 
amples of what almrini can do for their 
colleges. The three points that Dr. Gra- 
ham mentioned as being of vital import- 
ance were "financial support, the right in- 
terpretation of the college and its policies 
to the public against misinterpretation, 
and individual efforts to make good the 
claim of education and in this crisis to 
stand for it as fundamental in a democratic 
society." At the business sessions prob- 
lems common to all alumni associations 
were discussed, and many helpful sugges- 
tions were obtained by all secretaries pres- 
ent. Your secretary, Mrs. Vivieime Barka- 
low Breckenridge, '18, represented Sweet 
Briar at this conference and was elected 
the director for this district for the next 
two years. 

Old Letters 

(Continued from Page 16) 
could make to Sweet Briar, and through 
her to tlie records of our past. 

How is the best way to go about this? 
That is not so easy to say. For each per- 
son would have to. solve her own individual 
problem. The best way, of course, to at- 
tack the problem would be, I fancy, to 
go to one's own source-village and investi- 
gate in person. If that is impracticable, 
the next best would be to write to the most 
promising local official and ask his help; 
with such assistance as you can get, state 
your case in the newspaper of your an- 
cestral neighborhood and ask letters and 
data of such and such a man, at such and 
such a date. I admit this is casting your 
fly in an unknown stream. The fish may, 
or may not strike, but is it not just this 
mixture of skill and chance that gives the 
charm to fishing — and researching? 

Next, what is the most practical way of 
making your contribution to Sweet Briar's 
Source Material? The preliminary step 
is to tell us what you have, letters, files of 
newspapers, diaries, and let us estimate 
their usefulness. There are many methods 
of contributing. First and simplest is to 
give us your papers outright. They will 
always be available at Sweet Briar and 
open to all members of the family. In 

time, they will be catalogued. Second, you 
can will them to us. Third, you can loan 
them to us. This method is specially use- 
ful if you have not carefully examined 
them, and might wish the return of a legal 
paper, and we in turn could see how 
valuable the letters would be in social his- 
tory. Fourth, you could give us photo- 
static copies of such treasured letters as 
the family is not willing to part from; 
and last, and I think least, but still not a 
negligible contribution, you might send us 
a typewritten copy of such letters. 

Whatever you send us, letters, diaries, 
newspaper files, account books, we promise 
to keep safely and profit by to the best of 
our ability. 

I feel that this piece of work that I am 
asking of the alumnae of Sweet Briar is of 
peculiar importance in this time of depres- 
sion, for you will be creatmg values. The 
letters bundled away in attics serve no use- 
ful purpose; even when retrieved they 
rarely have a market value; but here at 
Sweet Briar, they will help history students 
and history teachers to reconceive the past 
in terms of common life. Simple though 
the record may be, it will shine widi the 
lustre that belongs to real things and to 
real things only. 


Sweet Briar College 

The acquiring of this machine is still a great big ^ . Won't you please do your 
bit towards making the campaign a success? Do not send only your own coupons, 
but ask your friends for theirs. 

Campus News 

The presidents of the various organiza- 
tions for 1933-34 are as follows: Student 
Government, Julia Sadler: Y. W. C. A., 
Helen Bean; Athletic Association, Helen 
Hanson; Paint and Patches, Anne Baker. 

The Fellowship Fund Committee of the 
A.A.U.W. sponsored the performance of 
Sue Hastings Marionettes, "Winnie the 
Pooh," which was given in the Chapel on 
Friday evening, March 3. 

On Wednesday evening. January 4, the 
Ramages gave a housewarming at their new 
home, Windymead, to which members of 
tlie faculty were invited. The same hospi- 

tality was extended to the students on the 

following evening. 

The Alumnae Office is still in need of the 
following Briar Patches to complete the 
file in the office: 1915, 1916, 1918, 1920, 
192.5 and 1929. We are extremely anxious 
to obtain these six books in order to bring 
the set up to date. 

The Sweet Briar Glee Club will give a 
joint concert with the University of Vir- 
ginia Glee Club on April 8 at the Uni- 
versity. On April 28 the Glee Club will 
go to Farmville for the Virginia State 
Contest. It will be remembered that Sweet 
Briar won this contest last year. 

Alumnae News 


Class Secretaries 

THE Council announces with the great- 
est pleasure the appointment of the 
following girls, from the classes 
1910 through 1929, to serve as Class Sec- 
retaries. These appointments are effective 
until the next class reunion as which time 
those present will elect their own secretary. 
The classes of 1930, 1931, and 1932 elected 
their own secretary prior to their gradua- 
tion and these girls will serve until the 
class holds its fifth reunion. Class Secre- 
taries of the class now in college have been 
elected and will serve until each class elects 
a representative at the close of the senior 

1910— Annie Powell Hodges (Mrs. Wm. 
T.), 47 Courtland Place, Meadow- 
brook, Norfolk, Virginia. 

1911 — Josephine Murray Joslin (Mrs. J. 
Whitman, Jr.), 32 S. William 
Street, Johnstown, New York. 

1912— Elsie Zaegel Thomas (Mrs. I. C.j, 
200 Euclid Avenue, Sheboygan, 

1913 — Elizabeth Grammer Torrey (Mrs. 
Donald P.), 530 Brookhurst Ave., 
Narbeth, Pennsylvania. 

1914— Henrietta Washburn, 2030 Delaney 
Place, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. 

1915— Harriet Evans Wyckofif (Mrs. G. 
Bernard), 3252 S. Street, N. W., 
Washington, D. C. 

1916 — Felicia Patton, Beechmoor, Catletps- 
burg, Kentucky. 

1917 — Virginia Sandmeyer Hudson (Mrs. 
John H.), 1007 North Main Street, 
Carrollton, Missouri. 

1918— Margaret McVey, 1417 Grove Ave., 
Richmond, Virginia. 

1919 — Louise Hammon Skinner (Mirs. 
Frederick H.), 333-57th Street, New- 
port News, Virginia. 

1920— Dorothy Wallace, Chemestry De- 
partment, Goucher College, Balti- 
more, Maryland. 

1921 — Maynette Rozelle Stephenson (Mrs. 
James A. ) , 1220 Tecumseh Avenue, 
South Bend, Indiana. 

1922 — Burd Dickson Stevenson (Mrs. 
Frederick J.), 5744 Solway Street, 
P. 0. Box 1146, Pittsburgh, Pennsyl- 

1923— La Verne McGee Onley (Mrs. Alfred 
C, Jr.), 831 H Avenue, Coronado 
Beach, California. 

1924 — Eleanor Harned Arp (Mrs. Louis 
Croft), 1525 29th Street, Moline, 

1925 — Jane Becker Clippinger (Mrs. John 
C), 4021 LaCrosse Lane, Cincin- 
nati, Ohio. 

1926— Mary Bristol Graham (Mrs. Law- 
rence B.), Dorchester Road, East 
Aurora, New York. 

1927 — Pauline Payne, 233 Kevin Place, 
Toledo, Ohio. 

1928— Helen Davis, 507 West Second 
Street, Muscatine, Iowa. 

1929— Anna Torian, 1802 North Talbott 
Avenue, Indianapolis, Indiana. 

1930— Merry Curtis, 606 South 11th Street, 
Lafayette, Indiana. 

1931— Martha von Briesen, 4436 North 
Stowell Avenue, Milwaukee, Wis- 

1932— Dorothy Smith, P. 0. Box 1395, 
Charlottesville, Virginia. 

1933 — Mary Elizabeth Clemens, Sweet 
Briar, Virginia. 

1934 — Connie Burwell, Sweet Briar, Vir- 

1935 — Eleanor Elliott, Sweet Briar, Vir- 

Money Isn't Everything 

Money isn't everything — but if you can 
suggest any other article that will finance 
your Alumnae office and send you the 
Alumnae News — then the question of 
money or the payment of your dues will 
never be mentioned between us again ! 


Sweet Briar College 

Class Personals 


Mildred W aite Ehmann, accompanied by Mr. 
Ehmanii, her mother and her son, visited the 
campus early in Februaiy. She had just returned 
from a trip to Portland. Oregon. 

Katheleen Hodge Curtis has moved to Tucson, 
Arizona, to live. 

Marjorie Seeds Fletcher has moved to Clewis- 
ton, Florida, to hve. 

Barbara Trigg Brovs-n has returned from an 
extended trip to Panama. 

Carolyn O'Bannon Gulp has a son, Charles 
William, born last November 13. 

Helen Whitehill has announced her engage- 
ment to Mr. Trever Kenyon of Long Island, New 

Cecelia Kelly Evans has moved to Camp Hill. 
Pennsylvania, to live. 

Helen Tucker Trimble has moved to Malvern, 
Arkansas, to live. 

Ruth Swan Patterson is now living in Scars- 
dale, New York. 

Margaret Potts Williams has moved to Shep- 
herdstown. West Virginia, to live. 

Marguerite Drew Crooner was manued on 
January 17 to Mr. Karl Bardin. 

Carolyn Gwathmey Davidson is living at Coro- 
nado, California, where her husband. Commander 
Davidson, is aide to Admiral Senn. 

Ruth Harvey Keeling spent the early part of 
Januaiy in New York City. 

Reunion 1933. 

Annie Powell Hodges has moved to Noi-folk, 
Virginia, to live where Dr. Hodges has charge of 
the extension school of William and Mai-y. 

Reunion 1933. 


Reunion 1933. 


Dorothy Taylor, ex-'15, is regent of a D. A. R. 
Chapter in East Orange. New Jersey, and is 
National vice-chairman of publicity for the Na- 
tional Society of the D. A. R. 

Margaret Gibson Bowman, ex-'17, sailed on 
February 11 for a cruise to the West Indies 
aboard the Conte Grande. 

Vivienne Barkalow Breckenridge has recently 
become a member of the National League of 
American Pen Women. 


Isabel Webb Luff, accompanied by Mr. Luff, 
stopped at the college for a day early in March. 

Shelley Rouse was married on December 31 
to Mr. Nicholas Schuyler ,A.agesen, and has moved 
to Davenport, Iowa, to live. 

Mattie Hammond Smith has a daughter, born 
on November 21. 

]Mildred Ellis Reed, ex-'21, has taken a house 
on Riverside Drive, Cocoa, Florida, for the sea- 

Eleanor Gould Peane, ex-'21. and her two 
young daughter's, are spending some time in 


Lillian Maddox Whitner took the part of Sally 
Jenkins in the Junior League children's play, 
"The Magic Wishbone-or-Chief-If-You-Wish-It," 
on February 10-11. at the Little Theatre in Char- 
lotte, North Carolina. 

Helen Anderson is now Mrs. Maurice Henkels 
and has moved to Boston, Massachusetts, to live. 

Reunion 1933. 

Helen Richards is the assistant librai'ian at 
Muhlenberg College in Allentown, Pennsylvania. 

Virginia Stanberry Schneider has moved to 
Stamford. Connecticut, to live. 

Mary Chantler Hubbard is now living in Mar- 
tinsburg. West Virginia. 

Katherine Hancock Land has a son born last 

La Verne McGee Olney flew to San Francisco, 
recently to meet her husband who has returned 
from Honolulu. 


Margaret Nelson Lloyd has a daughter, Eliza- 
beth Nelson, boi-n early in Januai-y. 

Helen Gaus is working for the Reconstruction 
Finance Coi-poration in Columbus, Ohio. 

Elizabeth Studlev Kirkpatrick, ex- '24, is spend- 
ing the winter in Tucson, .Arizona. 

Ruth Durrell Ryan. ex-'24, has moved to Port 
Washington, Long Island, to live. 

Blanche Quincey Stubbs. ex-'24, with Mr. 
Stubbs, stopped at the college recently en route 
to their home in Douglas, Georgia, from a motor 
trip through the north. 


Elizabeth MacQueen Nelson has moved from 
Scarsdale, New York, to Katonah, New York, 
to live. 

Mary Elizabeth Welch has moved to Nicholas- 
viUe, Kentucky, to live. 

Lucy Marion Reaves, in addition to being So- 
ciety Editor of the Arkansas Gazette, is writing 
a weekly column, chit chat of society folk. 

Eleanor Gerrard, ex-'25, has several selections 
of poeti-y included in The Spring Anthology. 

Virginia Burke Miller, ex-"25, accompanied by 
her two sons, is spending the winter at Lake 
Worth, Florida. 

Cordelia Kirkendall Buckman, ex-"25, was a 
delegate to the Episcopal Convocation at the 
Cathedral in Spokane, Washington, from Febru- 
ary 5-8. She is doing relief work through the 
church and Red Cross. 

PAY FOR 1 ROOM . . . 

Fraternity Clubs Building 

CAledonia 5-3700 

Luncheon, 65c and 75c 

Dinner, 75c and $1.00 

Also a la Carte 

143 EAST 39th STREET 

East of Lexington Ave. 

AShland 4-0460 


302 WEST 22d STREET 
CHelsea 3-64.54 

DIFFERENT . . . individual . . . thoroughly of New York 
. . . utterly unlike any other mode oF livins, the Allerton 
Houses offer the ideal combination of home and club life. 

Here are the fellowship and facilities of the finest club 
. . . rest and reading rooms, gymnasia, game rooms, solaria, 
dances .... and at rates adjusted to present day, common 
sense standards. You share all these privileges — pay only for 
your room I 

The locations were selected with extreme care for con- 
venience, accessibility and desirability. You live In the re- 
stricted East Side District, where you can stroll in comfort to 
midtown business and social activities. 

If you desire to maintain a high standard of living, with- 
out maintaining high expenses, find out today what the Aller- 
tons have for you. 

Inspect the Allertons. Note their advantages. Discover 
for yourself the economy and desirability of Allerton living. 

RaUs, $10.00 to $22.00 Weekly 




Sweet Briar College 


Poly Cai7 Dew Woodson, with Mr. Woodson 
will sail the early part of April for Milan, Italy, 
where they will be for about eight months. 

Edna Lee Wood, accompanied by Mr. Wood, 
spent ten days in Havana during the end of 

Margaret Posey announced her engagement to 
Mr. Heniy Clarence Brubaker on Christmas Day. 
The wedding will take place early in April. 

Adelaide Douglas Rushton, accompanied by 
Mr. Rushton and Sarah Everett Lee, "28, with 
Mr. Lee, have returned from a trip to Miami, 
and Havana, Cuba. 

Elinor Green Conrad has a son, Francis Gregg, 
born January 3. 

Alberta MacQueen de Rouge is now living in 
Hartford, Connecticut, and is doing social welfare 
work there. 

M. Joyce MacGregor is continuing her work 
for the Pittsburgh Board of Public Education in 
the Department of Curriculum Study and Educa- 
tional Measurement and Research. At night she 
plays in a dance orchestra. 

Nell Atkins is studying child Psychology at 
the University of Chicago this winter. She 
teaches at the University of Cincinnati and has 
a year's leave of absence. 

Martha Bachman McCoy has a daughter, born 
on February first. 

Eleanor Ruhl Birchall, ex-"26, is now living in 
Cincinnati, Ohio. 

The Alumnae Association records with deep 
regret the death of Dorothy Lipscomb Lee, ex- 


Louise Collins Schroeder has a son, Edward 
John, in, born last November. 

Esther Dickinson was married on February 4 
to Mr. Buckley Robbins. 

A daughter, Elizabeth Brown, was born to 
Madeline Brown Wood, on December 1.5, in 

Virginia Wilson spent the month of February 
visiting her sister, Georgia Wilson Mockridge, 
ex-"30, at her home in New Jersey. 

Elsetta Gilchrist has been giving a six-weeks 
Studio Course for women interested in designing 
or replanting their own gardens. 

Margaret Green Runyon has a son. John Bar- 
ton, born last fall. 

Nancy Campbell. ex-'27. has moved to Laurel- 
ton, Long Island, to live. 

Pasqueline Bolder Rackley. ex-"27, has a son, 
born recently. 


Reunion 1933. 

Louis? Conklin Knowles has a daughter, Anne 
Louise, born on Januaiy 25. 

Louise Bristol Lindeman has a daughter. Sue, 
born on February 21. 

Virginia Van IFinkle Morlidge spoke on Sweet 
Briar on January 17 before the Parent-Teacher 

Do&s Your Annual 

Reflect Credit 

On Your School ? 

By careful planning money can be 
saved and a book of high quality pro- 
duced at reasonable cost. 

School publications are our specialty, 
and our artist-engravers will be glad to 
show you the most economical way. 

Nearly 100 books engraved in 1931. 
There must be a reason. Write us for 

Lynchburs Ensraving 

Lynchburg, Virginia 

meeting of the College Preparatory School in 

Dorothy Bunting is doing secretarial work for 
the Black Donald Graphite Company in Ontario. 

Sarah Dance Krook and Mr. Krook visited 
Grace Sunderland Kane at her home. Fort Ring- 
gold, Texas, on their way to California in De- 

Grace Sunderland Kane, accompanied by her 
husband, spent ihe Christmas holidays in Mexico 

Barbaia Bruske Dewey, ex-"28, has a daughter, 
Barbara, born January 4. 

Elizabeth If'oodward Jeffers. ex-"28, has a son. 
born in January. 


Annie Periy Neal has opened a law office al 
her home in Lewisberg, North Carolina. 

Hallet Gubelman is taking a course in wood 
carving in Asheville, North Carolina, where she 
is spending the winter. 

Gertrude Prior is doing graduate work in Psy- 
chology at the University of Pennsylvania. 

Katherine Smith Boothe has a son. Garland 
Cecil, Jr., born recently. 

Kate Coe is studying drawing and painting 
under Howard Giles at the Roerich Art School 
in New York City. 

Mary Archer Bean Eppes, with Mr. Eppes, 
stopped at Sweet Briar on their way from Port 

Alumnae News 


Arthur, Texas, to spend the Christmas holidays 
in Charlottesville. Virginia. 

Anita Peters is working at the United States 
Veterans" Hospital, Coatesville, Pennsylvania, as 
psychiatric social worker. 

Nora Lee .ALntrim is spending a month with 
Sarah von Schilling, '27, in Haiti. 

Frances Reed. ex-"29, is working in Schraffts" 
in New York City. 

Anne Christie Stevenson. ex-"29, has a daughter, 
Georgeanna, born last fall. 

Edith Roache, ex-"29, has moved to Richmond, 
Virginia, to live. 

Margaret McKay, ex-"29, is now Mrs. George 
E. Clifford, and is living in Portsmouth, Ohio. 

Mary V irginia Dudley Lambert, ex-"29, is 
spending the winter in Lebanon, Tennessee, 
where her husband is attending the Cumberland 
University Law School. 


Josephine Reid has announced her engagement 
to Mr. Charles Stephen Stubbs. HI. The wed- 
ding will take place April 22 and Ruth Hanson, 
'30, Marjorie Sturges, '30, and Serena Ailes 
Heni-y, ex-'30, will be in the wedding party. 

Elizabeth Marston is spending six weeks in 

Mary Moss has announced her engagement to 
Mr. Brentwood Po\vell of Baltimore, Maryland. 

Elizabeth Johnston Cook has moved to Chicago, 
10 live. 

Evaline Edmonds is now Mrs. Carl E. Thoma 
and is living in Springfield, Illinois. She is con- 
tinuing with her newspaper work of conducting 
a shopping column. 

Helen Beard Huntington has a son, born Jan- 
uai-y 20. 

Katherine Marr White is now living in Nash- 
ville, Tennessee. 

Gladys Wester is now !Mrs. Samuel Mead 
Horton and has moved to Orange, New Jersey, 
to live. 

Elizabeth Copeland is spending the winter in 
Richmond. She writes for the Richmond Times 

Jette Baker, ex-'30. was married on December 
24. to Mr. James Lyons Davidson of Lynchburg. 

Georgie Wilson JNIockridge, ex-"30, has a daugh- 
ter, Alyce Jane, born recently. 

Ida Moore Luke, ex-'30, has a second son, 
Richmond Moore, born November 29. 

Isabel Winans Lamb, ex-"30, has announced 
her engagement to Mr. Max Melville Wylie of 
Montclair, New Jersey. 


Charlotte Kent announced her engagement on 
February 18 to Mr. Thomas Pinckney. She has 
just returned from a motor trip to Florida. 

Margaret Ferguson was married on December 
26 to Mr. Joseph Dexter Bennet. 

Jean Ploehn has returned to her home in Bet- 
lendorf. Iowa, after spending a year in California. 

Jean Countryman is doing some work for the 
Public Welfare office in Rockford. 

Phoebe Rone Peters has a son, Ralph Williams, 
Jr-. born on December 10. 

Maiy Frances Westcott spent a week on cam- 
pus in February en route to her liome in Chat- 
tanooga from Charlottesville, where she visited 
for a week. 

Virginia Quinlard sailed on Februai7 11 for a 
cruise to the West Indies. 

Jane Muhlburg announced her engagement, 
February 7, to Mr. Albert V^ort Halverstadt. 

Dorothy Boyle was married February 15 to Mr. 
Robert Charles of Mount Clair. New Jersey. 
They have sailed for Indo-China where they plan 
to spend a year. 

Gertrude Lerois Magavern has a son, born on 
February first. 

Evelyn Mullen is working as Secretary-Reviser 
at the School of Libraiy Science, University of 
North Carolina. She graduated from this school 
last June. 

Caroline Heath spent the week-end on campus 

Mary Cannaday has been awarded a year's 
scholarship in Social Service Training, Richmond 
Division, at William and Mary College. 

Maiy Stewart Kelso Clegg has a daughter, 
Carolyn, born November 19. 

I\Iary Henderson and Mildred McCreai-y spent 
a week-end in Februai-y visiting Ella Williams. 
They came out to college for a day. 

Ella Williams is teaching Histoiy, English, and 
French at a private school in Lynchburg. 

Charlotte Broicn Harden, ex-'31, has moved to 
Philmont, New York, to live. 

Sarah Jester, ex-'31, is assistant Camp Fire 
executive in Corsicana, Texas. 

Elise Jester, ex-'31, has recently sold her first 
short story. 

Elizabeth Kremer, ex-"31. is teaching at the 
High School in Hancock, Maiyland. 

Isabelle Bush, ex-"31, was manned on Decem- 
ber 20 to .Vlbert Possey Thomasson, in Mobile, 

Pauline Graham, ex-"31, is working at the 
John Shillito Company in Cincinnati. 


Reunion 1933. 

Margaret Bennett visited Jessie Fisher in Dal- 
las, during November, and later visited Frances 
Sencindiver Stuart in Martinsburg. When at 
Davidson, for the midwinter dances, she stayed 
with Catherine Oglesby Mixson, ex-'33. 

Courtenay Cochran, Susan Marshall and Sluait 
Groner visited Dorothy Smith for a week-end in 

Alice Dahney has been studying music this 
winter in Charlottesville. 

Elizabeth Doughti^ has been studying Music 
and French in New Y'ork and since Thanksgiving 
has been teaching niano. During Christmas vaca- 
tion she visited Lelia Van Leer. "33, and Elizabeth 


Sweet BraAR College 

Clary, '33. In May she is planning to visit 
Frances Sencindiver Stuart and then spend a 
week or so in New Orleans with her family. 
She is planning a European trip this summer. 

Emma Green spent the week-end on campus 

Jessie Fisher made her dehut in Dallas this 

Sarah Forsyth visited on campus during the 
last of February. 

Constance Fowler and Dorothy Smith went on 
a West Indies cruise together in January. Connie 
has been doing a great deal of Junior League 

Henrietta Biyan has moved to Washington, 
D. C, to live. 

Mildred Laiimer spent a week-end on campus 

Charlotte Magoffin is studying Journalism at 
Columbia University in New York. She visited 
Irene Kellogg in Charlottesville on her way east, 
and also stopped at the college. 

Marion Malm is staying at home this winter 
in Cleveland and is doing some volunteer charity 

Susan Marshall is taking a business course. 

Marjorie Miller visited Dorothy Smith the first 
part of December. 

Mary Moore Pancake visited Virginia Bellamy 
in December and then went up with her to 
Virginia Hall Lindley's -vvedding, which they were 
both in. Flappy is now taking a business course 
in Staunton. 

Helen Pratt visited Betty Allen Magrader and 
Alice Dabney in Charlottesville for a short time 
this winter. She stopped at the college en route 
from having spent several weeks with Eleanor 
Wright in Columbus, Ohio. 

Anna Gilbert arrived home Februaiy 17 after 
a month's journey to Yucatan. She flew from 
Miami to Havana and then to Yucatan, spending 
two and a half weeks at Chicken Itza, where the 
Carnegie Institute is repairing and restoring the 
Mayan ruins. She then spent a week in Ithaca. 

Edith Railey stopped at Sweet Briar for a 
week-end en route to her home from New York. 

Sally Shallenberger's father has just been ap- 
pointed militaiT attache in Vienna and she will 
leave for abroad the first of June with her family. 
She took part in "'The Perfect Alibi" by A. A. 
Milne, produced by the Players' Club of Colum- 
bus in Februaiy. She is also studying art, por- 
trait and life, under Alice Schille. 

Adelaide Smith left the first part of February 
for a year in Europe with her family. 

Dorothy Smith is studying art under Miss Mar- 
guerite Munn, and is taking a course in Play 
Production at the University of Virginia. She 
visited Jane Hays at Thanksgiving. 

■ Beatrice Stone has moved to Washington, D. C, 
to live. 

Nancy Wilson is working in the Virginia Quar- 
terly Review office at the University of Virginia. 

Virginia Squibb announced her engagement to 
James William Flynn. of Logan, West Virginia, 
on Februaiy 11. The date for the wedding has 
not yet been set. 

The Alumnae Association records with deep 
regret the death of Kathryn Maiy Edwards, ex- 
'32, who died the middle of Januaiy. 

Maiy Van Winkle, ex-'32. sailed February 4, 
for a six-weeks MediteiTanean cruise. 

Virginia Haynes, ex-'32, was mariied to George 
Huebuer last fall, and is now living in Detroit. 

Roberta Drane, ex-"32, is planning to go to 
Europe this summer with Elizabeth Doughtie. 

Caralisa Bany, ex-"32, is attending the Law 
School at Cumberland University at Lebanon, 
Tennessee, She graduated from the Llniversity 
of Alabama last June. 

Catherine Oglesby, ex-'32, was married in De- 
cember to Mr. Heniy Mixson, in Valdosta, Geo- 
gia. Her husband is attending Davidson, from 
which he graduates in June. 

Lydia Wise CaiToll, ex-'32. is spending the 
winter at her home where she is recovering from 
a nervous breakdown. 

Jane Milan ex- '32, is working at the Union 
Company in Columbus, Ohio, as personal shopper 
and manager of the mail order and contract de- 

Marjorie Blaikie, ex-'32, is private secretaiy in 
a wholesale and retail dress shop in Englewood, 
New Jersey. 

Naomi Doty, ex-'32, is dietician for the Stauffer 
Company of Detroit, Michigan. 

Julia Wilkins, ex- '32, spent Febioiaiy and the 
early part of March visiting in Washington, D. C. 


Virginia Alford was on campus for a week the 
last of Febraaiy. 

Kathleen Carmichael has announced her en- 
gagement to Lieutenant George Robinson Mather. 
The wedding will take place in June. 

Elizabeth Burgess is now Mrs. Anthony J. 
Wies, Jr., and is living in Willsboro, Pennsyl- 

Ethel Cameron is working at the Bellevue 
Hospital in New York City as supei-visor of 
volunteers in the Pediatrics Clinics. 

Betty Cassidy is attending the University of 

Betty Dawson will graduate this year from 
Beaver College in Jenkinlown, Pennsylvania. 

Annabel Essaiy was on campus for a visit the 
first of Febi-uaiy. She is taking a secretarial 
course in Washington this winter. 

Dorothy Eaton is at home in Wilmington, Dela- 

Mary Gai-ver is attending the University of 

Anne Guppy announced her engagement during 
Christmas to Mr. John Dickie, Jr., of East Orange, 
New Jersey. 

New China 
Has Arrived 

Sweet Briar in college 
or out oF college 

to give your Friends pleasure, to entertain in a way that makes any occasion de- 
lishtful and heart warming is no slight accomplishment. Sweet Briar students 
and alumnae can be assured success as hostesses with the lovely Sweet Briar 
dishes. Fall and winter demand that those comFortable hours about the tea 
table, dinner table, or over coFFee cup: be made pleasurable. To meet this need 
the Sweet Briar border pattern has been applied to tea, aFter dinner coFFee and 
other services. As giFts, individually or collectively, these pieces are most 
delightFul, satisFactory and useFul For any and all occasions. 

The new pieces have the Sweet Briar border 

and plain centres. They are made, as are ^^„I^3iiawij 

the original plates, by the Royal Cauldon ^<^Sr^^^^*^^^^fc-3_ 

Works in England. The lovely Gadroon ^^^^t'^ ^^^^^^ 

shape has been preserved as well as the j^l^^P^i^^^^'^^^ f$^^*^^ 

richly patterned natural flora! border. ;i«^ ^^^^-^"T iS\> 

WILL BE AVAILABLE IN J^^^^^\^-^ "^ ""^^^^ 

MULBERRY, BLUE or GREEN (Sm^^ ' 'I'i ''w^^ 

AFter Dinner CoFFee Cups l^^^^^f 'V-^-f I ^M 

and Saucers . . . $9.50 dpz. f ^B^S^ ^^ fl^m 

Tea Cups and Saucers . 10.00 " ^^^^^^ "W^^^^T^^X 

Bread and Butter Plates '. 1.00 " ^m^^^^^^^^^W 

Express extra on these items 

Plates^ $1 3.00 per dozen. Carriase Prepaid. Dinner Service Size. 

Prices for less than One Dozen on request 

Make checks payahle and address orders to 

SWEET BRIAR PLATES, care Alumnae Secretary 




Makers of Sweet Briar Plates 


Sweet Brl\r College 

Thelma Hanifen is spending the winter in 
Miami. Florida. 

^label Hickman will graduate from North- 
western Lniversity this year. 

Marjorie Jones is attending Smith College. 

Charlene Lathrop is a senior at the University 
of Kansas. 

Jeanette Shambaugh will graduate from Rad- 
cliffe this year. 

Nancy Stack is attending Sophie Newcomb 
College in New Orleans. 

Sue Stratton is in business w'ith her father in 

Sarah Stockton has announced her engagement 
on December 16 to ^Ir. Chester Griswold of New 

Helen Teny was on campus for several days 
in Februaiy. She will graduate from the Univer- 
sity of South Carolina this year. 

Anna Willis was married Februaiy 11 to Mr. 
William Elkins of Houston. Texas. 

Louise '^ oodard was married to Mr. Charles 
Dunston Hurtt. Jr., of Richmond, Virginia, on 
Januaiy 28Lh. 

Anna Willis was mamde Februar>" 11 to Mr. 
^ illiam Elkins of Houston. Texas. They spent 
their honeymoon in Ne^^" Orleans. 

Catherine Kells has announced her engagement 
to Mr. Rowland Dulaney Furlong of McKeesport, 

Eleanor Niggle has moved to Austin, Texas, to 

Janet McGregor sailed Februaiy 10 for Ant- 
^verp where she inll spend several months visit- 
ing her brother and sister-in-law. 

Elizabeth Stuart Gray has been attending the 
Pan-American Business School in Richmond. 

Inga Maja Olsson is attending the University 
of Wisconsin. 


The Alumnae Association records with deep 
1 caret the death of Margaret Coulson. Decem- 
ber 19. 1932. 

Betty Taylor has been taking a business course 
this year. 

Ruberta Bailey spent the winter at her home 
in Arlington. Massachusetts, where she was con- 
nected with social work and welfare activities. 

Mar\' Anne Page, formerly of Tulsa. Oklahoma, 
has moved to Red Wing, Minnesota, to live. 

Marguerite Stephens has been attending the 
New York School of Applied Design for "'S'omen 
this winter. 

Cleo Scott is taking a business comse at tlie 
Detroit Commercial College. 

Eleanor Cai-penter, of Louisville. Kentucky, is 
planning to pursue a secretarial course duiing 
the Spring. 

Mason Daniel was employed during the ^^■inter, 
in an interior decorating shop in Jacksom-ille, 

Carolyn Lawerence is spending the winter in 
Miami, Florida. 

Helen Stevens is attending 'Wells College, Au- 
rora, New York. 

Cornelia Matheson Fitch is living in Olympia. 
^ ashington. 

Katherine Haniia is spending the winter in 
Sebring, Florida. 

Marjorie W escott is a student of the Grand 
Central Art School, New York. 

Helen Milikin Cook has a daughter, born last 

Martha Dielil is spending sometime in Miami, 

Janet Blood Brown of Denver. Colorado, was 
associated with the Red Wing athletic teams of 
Denver during the winter. 


Mary Honeywell spent the week-end of Feb- 
ruar\- 10 on campus on her way to Florida where 
she will remain for the spring. 

Dorothy Johnston sailed this month for Eng- 
land where she plans to join her brother at 
Oxford and make an extensive tour of the con- 

Kathleen Casey has entered Goucher College, 
Baltimore, while she continues her studies in 
music at the Peabody Consen'ator>". 

Emma Hedges is attending the University of 
^ irginia. 

Frances Martin is pursuing a business course 
at Temple School, Washington. D. C. and will 
continue it throughout the spring. 

Helen Meloon is continuing her studies at 
Barnard College. Columbia University. 

The announcement has been made of the en- 
gagement of Janet Jaqua of Indianapolis to 
Richard H. Duke of the same city. 

Jackie Griel attended the Mardi Gras in New 

Jane Liltleford is spending the spring in Sara- 
sota, Florida. 

Jane Cockrill is taking accounting and dra- 
matics at the Little Rock Junior College. 


/ give and bequeath absolutely to Sweet Briar Institute, a 
Corporation created by the State of Virginia, and having its 
College at Sweet Briar, in Amherst County, Virginia, the sum 

of $ - , to be invested and from time to time 

re-invested by said Corporation as it shall deem best, and to 

be called the -.. Endowment Furul. The 

interest and income therefrom shall be applied by said Cor- 
poration to the payment of the salaries of its teachers as it 
shall deem expedient. 

I give and bequeath absolutely to Sweet Briar Institute, a 
Corporation created by the State of Virginia, and having its 
College at Sweet Briar, in Amherst County, Virginia, the sum 

of $ , to be used and appropriated by said 

Corporation for its benefit in such manner as it shall deem 
to be most useful. 

I give and bequeath absolutely to Sweet Briar Institute, a 
Corporation created by the Stale of Virginia, and having its 
College at Sweet Briar, in Amherst County, Virginia, the sum 

of $ , to be invested and from time to time 

re-invested by said Corporation as it shall deem best, and to 

be called the Scholarship Fund, the 

interest and income to be applied by said Corporation to the 
aiding of its deserving students in Sweet Briar Institute or 

While we stop to rest and 
admire the beautiful out yonder 
lets enjoy a (chesterfield 

Viiixy ;;ci.c;i !;,;«;■;; \>j ii\ii-;iM': 



Sweet Briar College 

JUNE 1933 

The Painless 

...High up under the dome of Boston's Massachu- 
setts General Hospital, far removed from the wards 
so that the screams of sufferers under the knife will 
not horrify the ward patients, is the Hospital's famed 
operating amphitheatre. Many a medical student 
dreads the operations he is privileged to watch, ffe- 
quently faints. But one day last week Dr. John C. 
Warren. Boston surgeon, led a group of surgeons 
and students (class of 1847) up the long stairs, eager, 

For there beckoned an interesting experiment — 
surgery without pain. Dr. William Thomas Green 
Morton. 27-year old Boston dentist, thought it pos- 
sible, had experimented t<> that end with ether, a 
volatile, pungent chemical compound capable of pro- 
ducing insensibility. He had tried it on animals, on 
himself, then on his patients while extracting the 
roots of decayed teeth. Finally he had obtained per- 
mission from Dr. Warren to let him test his drug 
before an audience. One Gilbert Abbott, with a tumor 
on his neck, was to be the first trial. 

At 11 a.m. the last privileged student hurried into 
the amphitheatre. Experimentee Abbott, fidgeting on 
the operating-table, looked anxiously at the clock. 
Casual talk ceased, sudden silence prevailed as the 
minute-hand crawled past the hour, and Dr. Morton 
did not appear. "He and his anesthetic! Humbugs 
both, no doubt!" mumbled a doctor. It became five 
minutes past eleven, ten. then a quarter after. The 
patient stirred uneasily, Dr. Warren selected an in- 
strument, advanced to the table — useless to delay pro- 
ceedings any longer. As his knife poised for the in- 
cision. Dr. Morton, breathless, apologetic, rushed in. 
He held in one hand a curious globe-and-tube apparatus. 

In eager concentration, tensely expectant, the wait- 
ing group of surgeons and students watched while the 
newcom»r — a charlatan perhaps, a genius possibly — 
adjusted his peculiar inhaling apparatus to the pa- 
tient's mouth and with tense composure administered 

Cultivated Americans. in>patient with 
turn increasingly to publications edited 
lions, fair-dealing, vigorously impartial, 
in tire sense that they report what they 

his anesthetic. Veiled skepticism revealed itself when 
the patient reacted suddenly in wild exhilaration, but 
this exuberance subsided, relaxation took its place, 
then unconsciousness. Skepticism was routed, amaze- 
ment paramount. Said Dentist Morton to Surgeon 
Warren; "Your patient is ready." 

Dr. Warren began to operate, proceeded quickly, in 
five minutes had finished. From the patient came no 
cry of pain, no agony of distress, only slight move- 
ments, mumbled words as from one who stirs on the 
borderland of sleep .... 

"This, gentlemen," exclaimed Surgeon Warren, "is 
no humbug." 

Awake. Gilbert Abbott said, "I felt no pain." 

So. in part, had TIME been published in 
October. 1846, would TIME have reported the 
first public demonstration of ether as a sur- 
gical anesthetic. So, too, would TIME have 
reported how one Dr. Crawford Williamson 
Long, of Georgia, came forward later saying 
that he had used ether four years previous, had 
piven it up as impractical .... So, too. would 
TIME have reported the bitter persecution that 
came to Dentist Morton when he patented his 
discovery as "Letheon"; the seizure of "Leth- 
eon" by the U. S. Government for its own uses; 
the claims of Dr. Charles T. Jackson, the Bos- 
ton chemist from whom Dentist Morton had 
obtained his ether; the division of the Paris 
Academy of Medicine's 5,000 franc Monthyon 
Prize for 1852 between these two, with Morton 
proudly refusing his share; the long Congres- 
sional investigations resulting in nothing, and 
Dentist Morton's death in poverty in 1865. 

cheap sensationalism and windy bias, 

in the historical spirit. These publica- 

devote themselves to the public weal 

see, serve no masters, fear no groups. 


The Weekly Newsmagazine 



Four times a year — March, June, October and December 
Subscription Rate -$1.00 a year; Single Copies, 30 Cents 

Entered as Second Class Matter'November 23, 1931, at the Post Office at Sweet Briar, Vlrslnia, 
under the Act of March 3, 1879 

JUNE, 1933 



The Alumna& News is a vmrnher of the American Alumni Council 



EDNA LEE WOOD (Mrs. John Clark), '26 
60 Gramercy Park, New York City 

First Vice-President 


(Mrs. Stillman F. 11), '26 

Clark Road, Babson Park 

Wellesley Hills, Massachusetts 

Second Vice-President 

152 Central Avenue, Flushing, New York 


Sweet Briar, Virginia 

Alumnae Secretary 



Sweet Briar, Virginia 

Members of the Council 

Sweet Briar. Virginia 


125 South Lexington Avenue 
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 


242 Noble Avenue 
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 

29 Fisher Place, Trenton, New Jersey 

MARGARET McVEY, '18 (Honorary Member) 
1417 Grove Avenue, Richmond, Virginia 





B^^t: }y^BS 





^■B 11 

1 1 ibSP 


It ^^^^^^^^^^^^^HI 





Editor — Vivienne Barkalow Breckenridge, '18 

Table of Contents 

Fletcher Hall . - Frontispiece 

PREsroENT Glass 4 

Commencement, June, 1933 .. 5 

Annual Meetinx of the Alumnae Assoclation, June, 1933 7 

Report of the Alumnae Secretary 8 

Our Twentieth Reunion 11 

The Banquet in Honor of the Cl.ass of 1933 12 

Honors Aw.arded .at Commencement ,.... 13 

Announcements M.ade .at the Commencement Exercises 13 

We Point With Pride 13 

The Algernon Sydney Sullivan Award 14 

Gradu.ates of the Class of 1933 15 

Alumnae Attending Commencement 16 Loyalty Fund Chairman 16 

Emily Helen Button 17 

After Ten Years 17 

Trends in Admissions 22 

Old Familiar Scenes 24 

Sweet Briar's Part in the Century of Progress 25 

Of Books No End 26 

Preachers to the College 21 

Soap Coupons 29 

Class Personals .....; 34 


Dr. Meta Glass, newly elected President of the American Association of University Women. 
President Glass succeeds Dr. Mary E. Wooley, President of Mount Holyoke College. 

Alumnae News 

Commencement, June, 1933 

Commencement Address — " Other Men's Idols " 

Delivered by Dr. Robert McElroy 

(Editor's Note — Dr. McElroy, v/ho is a nativ^ of Kentucky, took his B.A.. M.A., and Ph.D. de- 
grees from Princeton, studied at the universities of Leipzig, Berlin and Oxford, and was successfully 
instructor, assistant professor and professor of American Histoi-y at Princeton and head of the de- 
partment of History and Politics at that university. He was the first American exchange professor 
to China and lectured on government and education in the principal universities and cities of China, 
Japan and the Philippines. Since 1925 he has been Harold Harmsworth professor of American His- 
tory at Oxford. He is the author of a number of historical works, including his well-known life 
of Cleveland, "Grover Cleveland — The Man and Statesman.") 


^HE prime enemies of our civiliza- 
tion are not men nor races. They 
are false Ideals; Idols which hold 
our allegiance. They are prejudices, in- 
herited folly, localism, self-sufficiency, the 
idea that our race was born to rule other 
races. I sometimes think, and always hope, 
that they are passing in a new darkening 
of the Gods. We feel resentment when men 
seek to take them from us, but we should 
be saner and safer without them. To be- 
come comfortable without our Idols is to 
become truly civilized." 

"But it is discouraging to speak of our 
Idols. Therefore, in deference to the day, 
which was made for joy, I will speak of 
other men's Idols, and how we should treat 
them. Every man, ourselves excepted, has 
them, pantheons of them; and he trusts 
them with a strange, pathetic faith. The 
Ancients catalogued them in species. Idols 
of the Temple, Idols of the Market, Idols 
of the Forum." 

In speaking of the Idols of the Temple 
Dr. McElroy said: "As I study the spirit 
of Missions, which even in their present 
imperfect state have meant so much to the 
world, I see a movement, slow but certain, 
toward that wise tolerance through which 
we are helping other religions, and making 
our interpretation of our own grander and 
more worthy. The Idols of the Temple 
will in the end be merged into the Ideal of 
a Common Worship, if we do not allow 
past mistakes, and present controversies, to 
block this mighty road to Progress and 

"Among American Idols of the Market 
stands conspicuous the long-adored Gold 
Standard. Men have trusted it so long and 
have inherited so profound a faith in its 
power to keep them sane and solvent, that 

a mystical quality has entered into their 
faith. To many, the Gold Standard has 
become an Idol. *** The last few years, 
however, have proved beyond the shadow 
of a doubt, that it was not gold weight of 
our dollars that gave us the prosperity now 
gone; for that prosperity disappeared, with 
the weight of our gold dollar still unalter- 
ed andwith that Idol of the Market still 

"But since 1898, the face of every United 
States bond has carried a definite pledge 
that it will be redeemed in gold of the 
present value. Every foreigner who pur- 
chased one, did so with our Nation's pledge 
of honor to redeem it in American dollars 
of a designated weight and fineness. That 
has nothing to do with any Idol. It is a 
Contract which lies outside the legitimate 
sovereignty of the American nation; for 
the foreigner stands and must stand, upon 
a basis wholly different from our own citi- 
zens. To force the foreigner who holds 
United States bonds to receive payment in 
any substance not denominated in the con- 
tract is usurpation, unjust, illegal, inde- 
fensible, upon the basis of any known code 
of ethics save the law that might makes 

"When we seek an Idol of the Forum, 
we find that here also current events have 
designated one. We call it 'Isolation'. 
Washington warned us to avoid 'permanent 
alliances'. Jefferson warned us to avoid 
'entangling alliances'. And a century and 
almost a half has moulded from a com- 
bination of these two warnings a doctrine 
akin to neither; a fetish which makes it 
difficult for this great nation to play its 
proper place among the family of nations." 

"Our national ideal has never been isola- 
tion, although our policy has, at times, been 


Sweet Briar College 

far too provincial for our good and the 
nation's glory; and it is not the desertion 
of a national Idol, but the reassertion of 
a normal point of view, when our President 
demands, as he has demanded in no uncer- 
tain terms, that we take a leading part in 
what he rightly terms 'our common strug- 
gle against economic chaos'." 

"There can be no doubt, even in the 
minds of those who still feel the impulse 
to worship at the altar of 'Isolation', that 
America will be risking much, for herself, 
which means for all the world, if she heeds 
the voices of those who wish to make Isola- 
tion an Idol, and to reject such courageous 
and far-sighted leadership as the past few 
months have given her." 

"For a few wonderful years, at the time 
of the World War, America stood upon a 
pinnacle, erected by great and unselfish 
services. Every nation was ready to listen 
to her voice ; even to follow her leadership. 
It was a glorious few years; but they quick- 
ly passed. **'* America gained the spirit- 
ual leadership of the world by following 
the large view; we lost it by reverting to 
the small view. We gained it by demon- 
strating our willingness to sacrifice all for 
what we considered duty. We lost it by 
degenerating into selfish nationalism. We 
have led the nations back into narrow na- 
tionalism. Let us now lead them on to a 
wider, fairer region of ready international 

"There are many other Idols of the Tem- 
ple, the Market, and the Forum, which 
might properly be cited as objects of toler- 
ation, and generous difference of opinion; 
but I have now reached the moment in 
which I must speak the last words which 
I shall ever be permitted to speak of most 
of you. I have pondered long over the 
words, and their content; and present them 
with confidence that they bear the spirit of 

this place: 'Vow," always to think of every 
question in the largest possible terms'. 
The mind that can live up to the measure 
of such a vow is an educated mind: and 
one which may be counted upon to help 
the world, meaning all the world." 

In concluding Professor McElroy said: 
"The proper aim of education is not knowl- 
edge, but understanding, which is inter- 
preted knowledge; or, to quote the highest 
of all text-books, 'With all thy getting get 
understanding'. True education is not an 
event, but a process; and Commencement 
is not the end, but almost the beginning 
of that process. If yours is a real Com- 
mencement, you will never allow yourself 
to be diverted from the study of the great 
themes here begun. 'The mind is the 
measure of the man'. That was uttered 
by an ancient philosopher, to whom had 
been revealed, in singular clearness, that 
great half-truth. We have made progress 
since his day, and can say what he never 
suspected: 'The mind is also the measure 
of the woman'. 

"Do not let the Sophist deceive you with 
the words: 'Be good, sweet maid, and let 
who will be clever'. The goodness which 
counts most toward happiness, our own 
and that of all our neighbors, is the good- 
ness of the clever, intelligent, informed, 
and wide-awake mind, be it male or female. 
The course toward wisdom and happiness 
demands of you. as amon?; the world's in- 
tellectually privileged, that you be intelli- 
gent upon all subjects; for that is the right 
of the educated mind. But it demands also 
that you become expert upon some subject, 
for therein lies your chance to contribute 
to understandina;. It demands, most of all, 
that you have full faith in God, and full 
sympathy and kindness toward the wor- 
shippers of Idols not your own. Faith is 
the consolation of old age, but it is the 
inspiration of youth." 

Alumnae News 

Annual Meeting of the Alumnae Association, 

June, 1933 

THE regular annual meeting of the 
Sweet Briar Alumnae Association 
was held on Monday, June 5, 1933, 
in Fletcher Auditorium with President 
Edna Lee Wood presiding. The minutes 
of the last meeting were approved as pub- 
lished in the Alumnae News, June, 1932. 
The reports of the Treasurer and Secretary 
were read and accepted. Reports were 
given from the following clubs: Amherst, 
Birmingham, Boston, Cleveland, Washing- 
ton, D. C, Lynchburg, New York City, 
Philadelphia, Pittsburgh and Richmond. 

The Secretary read the change of con- 
stitution as printed in the March Alumnae 
News. Page Bird Woods, '28, moved and 
Katharyn Norris Kelley, '26, seconded the 
motion to adopt these changes. The mo- 
tion carried. 

The Secretary read the following letter 
from President Glass, addressed to your 
Secretary : 

"I wish to convey to you the action of 
the Board of Overseers ratified by the 
Board of Directors, in which they approved 
the election of two members of the Board 
of Overseers from nominations made by 
the Alumnae Association from its own 
membership, in accordance with the pro- 
visions set forth in By-Law VI as submitted 
to the Board, changing Section I to read: 

'The Alumnae Association of Sweet 
Briar College shall elect one candidate 
each for as many places as are held for 
alumnae representation on the Board of 
Overseers of Sweet Briar College.' 

The Board gave expression to much 
appreciation of the work and interest of 
the alumnae and their growing concern 
with service to the college. They expressed 
great pleasure at the prospect of alumnae 
representation on the Board of Overseers, 
and their willingness to receive such nomi- 
nations at the meeting of the Board in Octo- 
ber, if they can be ready by that time, and 
to welcome the nominees." 

The Secretary then read the copy of By- 
Law VI, which was sent to everyone with 
the commencement letter. Virginia Lee 
Taylor Tinker, '26, moved and Louisa New- 

kirk Steeble, '23, seconded the motion to 
accept By-Law VI changing Section 1 to 
read according to the letter from President 
Glass. The motion carried. 

The Secretary read the two recommenda- 
tions of the Council. First, That the soap 
coupon campaign should be continued 
until June, 1934. Katherine Blount, '26, 
moved and Henrietta Washburn, '14, sec- 
onded the motion to approve this recom- 
mendation. The motion carried. Second, 
the Council recommends the beginning of 
an Alumnae Loyalty Fund and that the 
Council be authorized to appoint the first 
Chairman of the Fund, whose term of 
office shall be for a period of three years. 
The Secretary then read the Council's 
definition and object of a Fund as fol- 
lows: fa) To establish a channel through 
which every alumna and non-graduate, 
according to her means, can express her 
loyalty to the college and her belief in 
its future, (b) To promote the habit of 
annual giving by means of an annual 
appeal from the Alumnae Association. 
(cl To assure to the college a regular 
annual gift to be applied to endowment 
or to scholarships, precluding the possi- 
bility of additional campaigns. 

It is definitely understood that a portion 
of the Fund will be considered as dues, 
carrying the privilege of a voting mem- 
bership in the association and a subscrip- 
tion to the Alumnae News, the balance to 
be applied to endowment or scholarship as 
preferred. Life members will retain all of 
the privileges P'ranted to them at the time 
of becoming life members. Poly Gary 
Dew Woodson, '26, moved and Gertrude 
Prior, '29, seconded the motion to adopt 
this recommendation. The motion carried. 

Peronne Whittaker. '31, moved and Har- 
riet Evans Wychoff, '15, seconded, the mo- 
tion that the Secretary be instructed to 
write the proper authorities that the alum- 
nae felt very strongly that the traditional 
May Queen song, "Roses, Red Roses", 
should be sung on May Day. The motion 
carried. Elizabeth Franke Balls, '13, 
moved and Bessie Grammer Torrev, '13, 


Sweet Briar College 

seconded the motion that the Secretary 
include in the letter the fact that this song 
is essentially a Sweet Briar song, as a 
member of the facultj^ had written the 
music and a student had written the words. 
The motion carried. 

Katharyn Norris Kelley, '26, moved and 
Anne Powell Hodges, '10, seconded the 
motion that the printing of news items re- 
garding tlie faculty vacation plans be left 
to the discretion of the Editor of the 

Alumnae News. The motion carried. 

The Secretary announced the details in 
regard to the Alumnae Banquet and the 
Academic Procession for Commencement 

There being no further business the 
meeting stood adjourned. 

Respectfully submitted, 

ViviENNE Barkalow Breckenridge, 

Alumnae Secretary. 

The Report of the Alumnae Secretary 

THE Sweet Briar Alumnae Association 
closes the fiscal year of 1932-1933 
with a greater number and a greater 
variety of accomplishments than ever be- 
fore. The association has broadened its 
scope to include not only the six funda- 
mental projects of the office itself, but also 
has begun to be of material aid to the col- 
lege in many ways. It is difficult to say 
which of the many things started is of most 
importance and, therefore, I shall give vou 
the history of the office month by month. 

As you know, the permanent office of the 
association was loaned to Mr. Percy Mac- 
Kaye for the vear. Our temporarv office 
was located in the small parlor in Cram- 
mer where we moved early last September 
and where we have been all year, returning 
to the Cabin in time to greet the alumnae 
at commencement. 

Margaret Banister, '16, arrived at the 
college the first of October to take over 
the tremendous job of publicity. Her ap- 
pointment was made at the request of the 
association at its annual meeting last June. 

The first fall meeting of the Alumnae 
Council was held on Thursday nisht, Octo- 
ber 27. in the Alumnae Office. Edna Lee 
Wood, '26. arrived several davs before this 
meeting to fullv acquaint herself with the 
problems of the office. It was at this meet- 
ing that two of the major plans for the 
year were completed: the great soap cam- 
paign was decided UDon. and the appoint- 
ment of Class Secretaries, by the Council, 
was begun. The L\Tichburg Alumnae Club 
entertained your president and your secre- 
tary at a special meeting at the home of 
Elizabeth Clark. '31, on October 27. At 
this time Edna spoke on "The Value of 
the Association to the College" and your 
secretary spoke on "The Value of the Or- 

ganized Clubs to the Association." The 
movies of the college were shown. Twelve 
graduates were back for Founders' Day. 
Edna received with President Glass and 
President Maurer of Beloit College at the 
reception held that afternoon at Sweet 
Briar House. For two years we have been 
planning and working for the change in 
the alumnae publication. It was first sent 
to you twice a year, under the college per- 
mit and as a college bulletin, although 
paid for by the association. Last year the 
change in size was made and the Alumnae 
News was sent to alumnae fours times a 
year and under our own mailing permit. 
The October issue of the Alumnae News 
with its black cover and green seal, its 
many pictures, its national advertisements, 
and its articles bv manv prominent people 
is the final realization of our two years of 

November was devoted to the working 
out of the details for the soap campaign, 
the announcements of which reached you 
the middle of this month. Early in the 
month. Edna Lee Wood, '26, attended the 
first meetin<j of the Northern New Jersey 
Club, which was held in Montclair, and 
gave them the value of her advice in the 
organizing of their new and very active 
club. More requests, from other alumnae 
associations, as to how we did "this and 
that" reached the office this month than 
ever before. Of particulir interest to other 
associations is the excellent work of our 
clubs. Plans were completed for addi- 
tional Sweet Briar Days and for the form- 
ing of additional clubs. 

The December Alumnae News reached 
you early in that month. More Sweet 
Briar Davs were held this year than ever 
before and for the first time a meeting 

Alumnae News 

was held out of the Lnited States, at 
the Foreign Club in Tia Juana, Mexico. 
Miss Glass attended the Boston meeting, 
vour president did double service, for she 
not only attended the \ew 1 ork meeting 
but was also at the Philadelphia luncheon. 
Edna also wrote words of greetmg to many 
of the clubs. Margaret Banister, '16, and 
your secretary both attended the meeting 
in Washington. D. C. Ban spoke on her 
work with publicity and vour secretary 
spoke on the acti\^ties of the office. 

On January 17, Virginia Van Winkle 
Morlidge, '28, spoke before the Parent- 
Teacher's meeting of the College Prepara- 
tory School in Cincinnati on Sweet Briar. 
A second meeting of the Alumnae Coun- 
cil was held at the home of vour president 
in ?Sew \ ork City on January 30. At tliis 
meeting the final appointments of Class 
Secretaries were made, plans for the start- 
ing of an Alumnae Fund were discussed, 
and additional plans for the soap campaign 
were completed. The Council approved the 
policy of allowing any alumna, who ob- 
tains an "ad' for the Alumnae f^eiis. the 
commission of fifteen percent. WTiile in 
New \ ork, your secretary accompanied by 
your president spent a morning with the 
representatives of the Colgate Palmolive 
Peet Company and made a more practi- 
cable arrangement with them than was at 
first possible. At tliis time the addresso- 
graph was selected tliat will be installed if, 
and when, the adequate number of coupons 
are received. A conference was also held 
with the representative of The Graduate 
Group, the firm handling our national ad- 
vertising, and a very satisfactory arrange- 
ment was agreed upon at this time: tliis 
firm will continue to represent us with 
national advertisers. A conference was 
held with Mr. Stephen K. Little, advertis- 
ing manager of the Princeton Press, and 
plans were started whereby we hope to 
obtain additional ads from him. that The 
Graduate Group are unable to secure for 

On February 16 your president attended 
College Night at the Lower Merion Senior 
High School in x\rdmore. Pennsylvania. 
On February 28 she attended the first bene- 
fit bridge party given by the Northern New 
Jersey Club. On February 24 and 2.5 your 
secretary attended the annual conference 
of District III of the American Alumni 

Council which was held at Duke Univer- 
sity, Durham, North Carolina. At this 
conference your secretary was elected the 
director of this district, which includes 
Alabama, Florida, Georgia, North and 
South Carolina, and Virginia, for the next 
two years. WTiile there she spoke on 
"Alumnae Magazines" and also on "Pre- 
paring Students for Alumnae-hood." Dur- 
ing this month, each Class Secretary was 
supplied with the complete list of the 
graduates of her class, and many of the 
Secretaries of the earlier classes were also 
given the list of "ex's" of their respective 
classes. It is hoped that all of the lists of 
'"ex's" may be sent to the Secretaries be- 
fore fall. This has been a big undertak- 
ing, but it has been well worth it. The 
Secretaries have taken over their respon- 
sibilities i\'itli great efficiency and have been 
of real value in locating many of the "lost" 
and also have been most helpful in sending 
in corrected addresses to the office. The 
June issue of the Alumnae News will carry 
the full results of their work this spring. 
On February 23 the Washington Club en- 
tertained Mrs. Lill at an evening meeting. 
Mrs. Lill spoke on various phases of the 
college and the meeting was attended, not 
only by alumnae, but also by many parents 
of students and parents of prospective stu- 

Another Alumnae News reached you in 
March. This issue carried a special greet- 
ing to the alumnae from Mr. MacKaye. 
Announcement was made in this issue of 
the new and regular department in the 
Alumnae News known by the title "Of 
Books No End". From the letters already 
received from many alumnae m regard to 
this announcement we are sure that this 
department is being keenly appreciated by 
everyone. The circular containing the an- 
nouncement of our new Travel Service was 
sent during March to all alunmae. We 
cannot stress too much the value, to the 
association, of using this service. During 
this month your president sent personal 
letters to all of the newly appointed Class 
Secretaries congratulating tliem and wish- 
ing them well widt their new undertaking. 
On March 14. Edna went to Trenton, New- 
Jersey, to co-operate with the alumnae 
there in the forming of their new club. 
This club is the newest to be organized and 
yet it is the first to sponsor and complete 


Sweet Briar College 

plans for a "Go to College Day". For 
some time, many of our clubs have had 
meetings and teas for prospective students, 
but this is the first time that a recognized 
"Go to College Day" has been undertaken 
entirely by a club. 

April is indeed a red letter month, for 
it was during this month that it was decided 
to ask the Board of Overseers for addi- 
tional representation on that body. Your 
secretary wrote a complete history of the 
growth of die association and sent it to- 
gether with the request for additional mem- 
bership on the Board, to Miss Glass asking 
her to bring this matter to the attention of 
the members of the Board of Overseers 
at her earliest convenience. This she has 
done. During April many alumnae were 
pressed into service to represent the col- 
lege at various schools and at meetings of 
Parent-Teachers Associations. Edna Lee 
Wood, '26, represented us at the Wliite 
Plains "Go to College Day". Mary Lynn 
Carlson King, '31, spoke on Sweet Briar 
at the Greensboro High School in Greens- 
boro, North Carolina. Mary Margaret 
Moore, ex-'29, arranged for Sweet Briar 
to be represented at the college exhibit of 
the American Association of Lniversity 
Women in Kansas City on April 18, and 
Susie Ella Burnett, '32, spoke on Sweet 
Briar at a meeting held at the Washington 
Seminary College Preparatory School in 
Atlanta. It was also during this month 
that the association was invited to become 
a member of the Woman's College Board 
and have representation at the "Century 
of Progress". The headquarters for the 
board are in Time-Fortune Building and 
all alumnae of the eighteen colleges who 
were invited to join the board are welcome. 
Sweet Briar has sent a splendid exhibit to 
the Fair, which will be on display at the 
Time-Fortune Building. 

Early in May the commencement letter 
reached you together with By-Law VL 
This By-Law was necessary to add to the 
constitution for the election of members to 
the Board of Overseers. More than fifty 
alumnae returned for the May Day week- 
end. On May 2, Elizabeth Grammer Tor- 
rey, '13, spoke at the Shipley School in 
Bryn Mawr on Sweet Briar. On May 12 
the Philadelphia Club had the pleasure of 
hearing Mrs. Bernice Lill. Registrar, speak 
to their meeting on Sweet Briar. This 

meeting was attended by many prospective 
students and also by many parents of 
present students and prospective ones. On 
May 23 the Pittsburg Club had the pleas- 
ure of entertaining Miss Glass at dinner. 
Miss Glass spent that day in Pittsburgh and 
was also the guest of the club members 
during the day. On May 24 the Chicago 
Club had a delightful luncheon for Miss 
Glass at the College Club, and on May 26 
the Minneapolis Club entertained Miss 
Glass and Miss Dutton at a breakfast at the 
home of Dr. Marion Grimes, ex-'24. 

We are indebted to Katharyn Norris 
Kelley, '26, and to Fanny O'Brutn Hettrich, 
'31, for their copies of the 1929 Briar 

One page of the 1933 Briar Patch con- 
tains a picture of your secretary and a list 
of the officers of the association and the 
members of the Council. This page was 
the gift of the Class of 1934. 

The Sweet Briar News has continued its 
policy of co-operation and has given space 
each week for alumnae news items. It was 
most helpful at the time of the announce- 
ment of the soap campaign and gave much 
space, including an editorial, to the cam- 

The sale of Sweet Briar china continues 
satisfactory. A few etchings of Sweet 
Briar House are still left, and also a num- 
ber of etchings of the Cabin and the Oak 
Tree are still for sale. 

Since October first, 1932, more than 
30,000 letters, magazines and circulars 
have left this office, an increase over last 
year of nearly 5,000. Of this number 
twenty-seven pieces of mail have been re- 
turned unclaimed, which means that twenty- 
seven members of the Association are 
"lost". Every effort is being made to lo- 
cate these alumnae. Please help us to keep 
our lists entirely correct and complete by 
sending us changes of address as promptly 
as possible. 

To date we have not reached our goal 
with the soap campaign, but the Premium 
Department of Colgate Palmolive Peet 
Company has agreed to allow us to con- 
tinue the campaign for one more year, 
should the plan be approved at the annual 
meeting. 20,000 coupons have been sent 
and accepted by the firm, and we hope that 
the goal may be reached by June, 1934. 

The committee on Concerts and Lectures 

Alumnae News 


of the college asked the secretary to notify 
the members of the Lynchburg and Am- 
herst alumnae of the concerts and lectures 
during the year. This has been done by 
means of sending postals to the members 
one week in advance of the concert or 

Follow-up bills in the convenient form 
of handy return envelopes \\ere sent to 
seven hundred alumnae. On the back of 
the envelope were the words ''Our Story 
is Inside", and the story inside was of the 
balance due for 1933. Approximately ten 
percent of these were returned with checks. 

I should like to take this opportunity to 

thank all of the alunuiae for their confi- 
dence, patience, and support in this year 
of uncertainty. Their letters and telegrams 
of congratulation have been a real help. 
I am more than grateful to all of the Clubs 
for their splendid co-operation and sup- 
port. \our officers and members of the 
Council have functioned as never before 
and I am indebted to them for their en- 
thusiasm and advice, which have been of 
inestimable value and inspiration to your 
secretary during the year. 

Respectfully submitted, 

VlVIENNE Barkalow Breckenridge, 
Alumnae Secretary. 

Our Twentieth Reunion 

Dr. Mary K. Benedict Returns for Our Reunion 

By Mary Pinkerlon Kerr, '13 

THE first outward and visible sign of 
the passage of years is that, in the 
approach to the college buildings, 
shrubs and flowers now hide the perspective 
that formerly opened on the power plant. 
L!nder the able supervision of Miss Dix, 
shrubbery and borders of larkspur have 
grown below Randolph and around the 
drives and arcades. The class tree of 1910, 
once known, both in affection and derision, 
as "little Ulmus", the white pines of 1913 
and 1915, and the oak of 1917, are as tall 
as "the forest primeval". 

Commencement events began Saturday, 
June 3, with the garden party at five 
o'clock in the old garden behind Sweet 
Briar House. The dresses of the present, 
with their trailing skirts and delicate 
colors, are especially attractive in this set- 

The meals for the alumnae were served 
in the dining room of Fergus Reid. In 
this dining room, serving by students has 
been inaugurated. These girls wear at- 
tractive green smocks, and as we saw it, 
it is very satisfactory. 

At eight o'clock, students, alumnae, and 
guests went to the Sweet Briar garden for 
the Senior Play. This is now given in tlie 
garden beside the box circle, instead of the 
Dell. It is a deliaht to be able to hear the 

lines of the play, rather than the piping of 
the tree-frogs, which in the Dell, frequently 
reduced a final pla)" to pantomime. The 
play this year was A. A. Milne's "The 
Ivory Door", and was thoroughly enjoyed 
by the audience. The costumes were quaint 
and particularly suited to the setting. 

After the play the alumnae and guests 
adjourned to room 21, in the old Academic 
Building, to see the campus movies. Inter- 
esting films of the Bird Masque of Mr. 
Percy MacKaye given on May Day, on a 
stage built in the Dell behind the Apart- 
ment House, of the Horse Show, the Foimd- 
ers' Day procession and so on. One of the 
most interesting pictures was that of the 
Sweet Briar students, who were taking their 
Junior year at St. Andrews. 

Dr. Halford E. Luccock of the Yale 
Divinity School preached the Baccalaureate 
sermon. He used a theme, which, as he 
said, began with a poem of Carl Sandburg's 
and ended with a verse of Ecclesiastes. The 
poem expresses the desire of the author 
that, if he had a million lives, he would 
prefer tliat each life should he in a differ- 
ent house and each under a new name. 
Between these two texts Dr. Luccock illus- 
trated the rich experience and the social 
necessity of the understanding of other per- 
sonalities, of the possibilities of multiply- 
ing a single life into many. 


Sweet Briar College 

At five o'clock the Seniors, Juniors and 
Sophomores assembled in front of the Re- 
fectory for "Step Singing". The Seniors 
in caps and gowns sat on the Refectory 
steps, now known as the '"Golden Stairs", 
with the Juniors and Sophomores on either 
side. After the class songs the Seniors 
gave the steps to the Juniors, and the 
Sophomores took possession of the Junior 
"bench". And lastly the Alumnae sang 
their song of "rolling along". 

After the beautiful Vesper Service in the 
Dell, conducted by President Glass, a num- 
ber of the alumnae enjoyed a picnic supper 
with Dr. Mary K. Benedict, the first Presi- 
dent of Sweet Briar. Her presence on the 
campus was especially fitting for those 
alumnae who were in college during her 

Lantern Night — the procession of Sen- 
iors, in caps and gowns, and Sophomores, 
wearing white and carrvins lanterns. More 

singing — sweet and clear in the still night 
air, and another day had ended. 

Monday, June 5, was Alumnae Day. It 
has been customary for sometime to serve 
an outdoor luncheon in Sweet Briar gar- 
dens. The perfect weather of this week- 
end made it possible to carry out all out- 
door events as planned. After the lunch- 
eon the Alumnae Meeting was held in 
Fletcher Hall, and in the evening, the 
formal banquet took place in Fergus Reid. 

Commencement proper began with the 
Academic Procession at ten o'clock Tues- 
day morning. There were forty-eight 
alumnae in the procession. 1913 had the 
distinction of a member. Elizabeth Franke 
Balls, who is the first Sweet Briar graduate 
to obtain a Ph.D. Sixty-eight seniors re- 
ceived degrees. Thus came to an end the 
twenty-fourth Commencement of Sweet 
Briar College and the twentieth reunion 
of the Class of 1913. 

The Alumnae Banquet in Honor of the Class of 1933 

Bv Sarah Everett Lee, '28 

THE Alumnae Banquet on Monday 
evening was the peak of a glorious 
reunion. A charming group oi new 
and old alumnae, beloved members of our 
faculty, and loyal college friends gathered 
together in the soft candle light gave each 
of us a beautiful picture to carry always 
in our memory. But a deeper impression 
than the apparent beauty of the occasion 
was made by a combination of memories 
of the past with ideals and plans for the 

Jocelyn Watson Regen, chairman of the 
hostess class of 1928. and toastmistress, 
graciously presided. Her welcome was 
cordially extended to each guest and most 
especially to Miss Glass, the Board of Trus- 
tees, the reuning classes of 1913 and 1923 
and the soon-to-be alumnae members, 1933. 
She gave us a brief glimpse into Sweet 
Briar's "Who's Who", introducing, from 
the first through the last, presidents of 
Student Government, Y. W. C. A., Dra- 
matics, Athletics, Classes, and the May 
Queens and also Mary Pinkerton Kerr, '13, 
who wrote the Sweet Briar Sons;. 

Miss Glass gave us a splendid "focus" 
for our alumnae activity. It shall be our 

earnest effort to present "The Sweet Briar 
of the Moment" to the outside world, and 
to uphold its place as a scholastic force 
in the educational world. Dr. Grammer 
greeted the alumnae cordially £md spoke 
of the value of alumnae work. Dr. Mary 
K. Benedict, Sweet Briar's first president, 
expressed her joy in seeing the old Sweet 
Briar she loved and the thrill of taking in 
the new. She emphasized the importance 
of grasping this new Sweet Briar. Edna 
Lee Wood, President of the Sweet Briar 
Alumnae Association, made us feel proud, 
and she inspired us for future endeavor. 
To commemorate the tenth anniversary 
of Dean Dutton's affiliation witli die col- 
lege, Jocelyn presented to her, on behalf 
of the Almnnae Association, a leather port- 
folio, engraved in gold with the seal of 
the college, her name and the dates 1923- 
1933. It contained letters of greeting to 
her from the presidents of each of the 
classes which have graduated under her. 
After beautifully expressing her apprecia- 
tion, Dean Dutton told us the facts of Sweet 
Briar's high scholastic rating, of Sweet 
Briar's enlarged plan of scholarship and 
of her pride in the alumnae. 

Alumnae News 


The President of the Alumnae Associa- 
tion then welcomed the Class of 1933 into 
membership in the association. Langhorne 
Watts, the President of '33, responded, 
accepting the responsibilities and pledging 

the loyalty and co-operation of her class. 
The twenty-second almnnae banquet 
closed with the Sweet Briar song. May 
that song ring through the years, not only 
in word and tune, but also in spirit! 

Honors Awarded at Commencement 

Adela Elizabeth Cocke, Chev-y Chase, Maryland 

Gloriana Bunill, Pleasantville, New York 
Martha Ann Hai-i'ey, Huntington, West Virginia 

Eleanor Ann Elliott, South Bend, Indiana 
Julia Moss Peterkin, Parkersburg, West Virginia 


Eleanor Alcott, Cleveland, Ohio 
Marjorie Jane Smith, Norfolk, Virginia 

Freshman — 

Adela Elizabeth Cocke, Chevy Chase, Mai-)'land 
Sophomore — 

Julia Moss Peterkin. Parkersburg, West Virginia 
Junior — 

Marjorie Jane Smith, Norfolk. Virginia 

Biology — 

Maiy Raymond Buick, Birmingham, Michigan 
Elizabeth Norsworthy Giesen, 

Superior, Wisconsin 
Helen Martin, Ambler, Pennsylvania 
Chemistry — 

Maiy Brooks Barnhart, St. Elmo, Tennessee 
Hetty Adelaide Wells. Rockville Centre, 

Lons Island. New York 

Chemistry and Physics — 

Elizabeth Nevil Crute, Canton, North Carolina 

English — 

Mary Paulding Murdoch, Portsmouth, Virginia 

French — 

Helen Goodyear Bond, Holly Oak, Delaware 
Margery Gubelman, Englewood, New Jersey 
Margaret Woods Imbrie, Woodbury, New Jersey 
Mary Greenwood Imbrie, Woodbury, New Jersey 
Susan Lanier Johnson, Lynchburg, Virginia 
Madeleine Alta LeFine, Kew Gardens, New York 
Abigail Jane Shepard, Cincinnati, Ohio 
Sarah Langhorne Watts, Lynchburg, Virginia 


Helen Goodyear Bond, Holly Oak, Delaware 
Marjorie Burford, Texarkana, Texas 
Elizabeth Nevil Crute, Canton, North Carolina 
Margaret Woods Imbrie, Woodbury, New Jresey 
Mary Gatewood Imbrie, Woodbury, New Jersey 
Susan Lanier Johnson, Lynchburg, Virginia 
Madeleine Alta LePine, Kew Gardens, New York 
Helen Martin, Ambler, Pennsylvania 
Mary Paulding Murdoch, Portsmouth, Virginia 
Abigail Jane Shepard, Cincinnati, Ohio 
Sarah Langhorne Watts, Lynchburg, Virginia 
Hetty Adelaide Wells, Rockville Centre, 
Long Island, New York 
Algernon Sidney Sullivan Award — 
Jane Martin, Ambler, Pennsylvania 

Announcements Made at the 
Commencement Exercises 

The following gifts were made to Sweet 
Briar College during the year 1932-1933: 

A further subvention from. the Carnegie 
Corporation of New York of $16,000, to 
be expended in the next two years. 

The Mary Helen Cochran Library has 
been the recipient of 500 gift volumes dur- 
ing the session. 

A gift of $600.00 from the Class of 
1933. to become a part of the Scholarship 
Endowment Fund. 

We Point With Pride 

To the girls returning for commencement 
who were so inspired with the plan for an 
Alumnae Fund that they voluntarily and 
without solicitation came to tlie alumnae 
office with their contribution to start this' 
Fund. The list is printed in order of the 
receipt of the contributions. Martha New- 
ton Grover, '23, Mary Del McCaw, '23, 
Louisa Newkirk Steeble, '23, Wanda Jensch 
Harris, '26, Katharyn Norris Kelley, '26, 
Edna Lee Wood, '26 Katherine Blount, '26, 
and Vivienne Barkalow Breckenridge, '18. 


Sweet Briar College 


The Algernon Sydney Sullivan Award 

Jane Martin, of Ambler, Pennsylvania, 
a member of this year's graduating class 
of Sweet Briar College, was given the 
Algernon Sydney Sullivan Award by the 
college on the occasion of Sweet Briar's 
Twenty-fourth Commencement exercises. 

Sweet Briar is one of fifteen Southern 
colleges privileged to confer the Sullivan 
award, established by the Southern Society 
of New York in honor of the first president 
of the society. It is conferred annually to 
one senior and one person not of the stu- 
dent body by each of the privileged col- 
leges. The award is given as a "recogni- 
tion of fine spiritual qualities practically 
applied to daily living." Miss Martin is 
the first student to receive this honor. 

The non-student award was made for the 
first time at Sweet Briar's annual observ- 
ance of Founders' Day last October, and 
the student award will be made each year 
at commencement. 

In conferring the award, Dean Emily H. 
Dutton presented Miss Martin to President 
Glass, who made the award with the fol- 
lowing citation: 

Jane Martin — Member of the Class of 1933 
of Sweet Briar College, for your high ideal of 
the welfare of your college and of your friends, 
for a discerning spirit in discovering ways of 
helpfulness, for your generosity and unselfishness 
in doing what you discern, for your happy ex- 
pression of love to your neighbor, Sweet Briar 
College confers upon you the Algernon Sydney 
Sullivan Award with the hope that it may bring 
to you pleasure by the recognition it betokens, 
and to others as well as to yourself inspiration 
for such a way of life. 

Alumnae News 


Graduates of the Class of 1933 




A.B. Atkinson, Frances Henslev 

1908 Wolfe Street. Little Rock, Arkansas 
A.B. Austin, Margaret Elizabeth 

U. S. Naval Magazine, 

Amunition Department 

Bremerton, Washington 
A.B. Barber. Adali Montayne 

208 Laurel Avenue, Milford, Ohio 
A.B Barnhart, Mary Brooks 

4302 Tennessee Avenue, St. Elmo, Tennessee 
A.B. Bear, Rose Beverley 

341 Sixteenth Avenue, S. W., 

Roanoke, Virginia 
A.B. Belser, Susalee Mikell 

920 Laurens Street, 

Columbia, South Carolina 
A.B. Bond, Helen Goodyear 

Holly Oak, Delaware 
A.B. Boss, Martha Armiuta 

R. F. D. No. 4, Trenton, New Jersey 
A.B. Brett, Dorothy Margaret 

16000 Aldersyde Drive, 

Shaker Heights, Cleveland, Ohio 
A.B. Brown, Enna Frances 

1119 South Crockett Street, Sherman, Texas 
A B. Buick, Mary Raymjud 

205 Abbey Road, Birmingham, Michigan 
A.B. Burfcrd, Marjcrie 

723 Pine Street. Texarkana, Texas 
B.S. Clary, Elizabeth Wheeler 

4615 De Russey Parkway 

Chevy Chase, Maryland 
A.B. demons, Mary Elizabeth 

Shepherd Hills, Chattanooga, Tennessee 
A.B. Coburu, Jessie Louise 

120 West Nippon Street, 

Mt. Airy, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 
A.B. Crane, Doris Theresa 

Fourth and Bellevue Avenues, 

Hammonton, New Jersey 
A.B. Crute, Elizabeth Nevil 

Canton, North Carolina 
A.B. Culbertsou, Jane Pamelia 

1359 S. W. First Street, Miami, Florida 
B.S. Da vies, Blanche Eyuon 

3226 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland Ohio 
A.B. Davies. Ruth Elizabeth 

310 North Mountain Avenue, 

Montclair, New Jersey 
A.B. Denton, Emily 

Duuton Avenue, West, HoUis, New York 
A.B. Doty. Elena Rionda 

Tuiuucu, Cuba 
A.B. Eagles, Julia Mayes 

136 East 64th Street, New York City 
A.B. Fester, Lois Woodworth 

226 Park Lane, Douglas Manor, 

Douglaston, Long Island, New York 
A.B. Giesen, Elizabeth Norsworthy 

1622 Ogden Avenue, Superior, Wisconsin 
A.B. G'oble, Alice Mary 

105 Lincoln Road, Brooklyn, New York 
A.B. Graves, Sue Quintus 

1100 River Front, Monroe, Louisiana 
A.B. Gubelman, Margery 

62 Woodland Avenue, 

EnglewoLid, New Jersey 
A.B. Hancock, Belle Clay 

2367 Auburn Avenue, Cincinnati, Ohio 
A.B. Harris, Julia Gwendolyn 

464 East Avenue, New Philadelphia, Ohio 
A.B. Houston, Sara 

136 North Crest Road 

Chattanooga, Tennessee 
A.B. Howze, Kathrina 

2520 East Seventh Street, 

Duluth, Minnesota 
A.B. Imbrie. Margaret Woods 

532 Cooper Street, Woodbury, New Jersey 
A.B. Imbrie, Mary Greenwood 

532 Cooper Street, Woodbury, New Jersey 

Degree Name Address 

A.B. Jesse, Martha Ella 

3601 Glebe Road, Clarendon, Virginia 
A.B. Johnson, Susan Lanier 

Box 643, Lynchburg, Virginia 
A.B. Jones, Lena Heath 

Hotel Concord, Concord North Carolina 
A.B. Kelly, Ellen Mordecai 

310 CoTintry Club Place, 

Greensboro, North, Carolina 
A.B. Kelly, Sara Marie 

4243 Parkman Avenue, 

Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 
A.B, Lanier, Margaret Troy 

417 McClung Street, Huntsville, Alabama 
A.B. LePine, Madeleine Alta 

Sliellball Apartments, 

Kew Gardens, New York 
A.B. Mallory, Geraldine Dan vers 

169 East Clinton Avenue, 

Tenafly, New Jersey 
A.B. Martin Alice Farrior 

Riverview, Chattanooga, Tennessee 
A.B. Martin, Helen 

Three Tuns, Ambler, Pennsylvania 
A.B. Martin, Jane 

Three Tuns, Ambler, Pennsylvania 
A.B. Meyers, Ruth deLima 

4 Oliver Street, Rochester, New York 
A.B. Murdoch, Mary Paulding 

313 Middle Street, Portsmouth, Virginia 
A.B. Murray, Cornelia Richards 

Sno"\vden Lane, Princeton, New Jersey 
A.B. Patton, Mary Kate 

3713 85th Street 

Jackson Heights, New York 
B.S. Phillips, Frances Elizabeth 

205 Newton Street, Salisbury, Maryland 
A.B. Powell, Frances Jane 

1402 Confederate Avenue, 

Richmond, Virginia 
A.B. Quinn, Frances Bryan 

110 East King Street, 

Kinston, North Carolina 
A.B. Redmond, Mildred 

3509 Country Club Road, 

Birmingham, Alabama 
A.B. Ris, Marjorie Annette 

485 Summit Avenue, 

Hackensack, New Jersey 
A.B. Roberts, Mary Bess 

Nestle Brook Farm. R-oanoke Virginia 
A.B. Rucker, Josephine Pierce 

400 Stuart Circle, Richmond, Virginia 
A.B. Rust, Katharine Warwick 

Fairfax, Virginia 
A.B. Selden, Elizabeth Kemp 

R. F. D. No. 6. Richmond, Virginia 
A.B. Shepard, Abigail Jane 

7222 Lower River Road, Cincinnati, Ohio 
A.B. Skinner, Harriet Gotten 

Greenville, North Carolina 
A.B. Tamblyn, Charlotte Bradley 

448 Riverside Drive, New York City 
A.B. Tavlor, Mary Rose 

804 West 57th Street, 

Kansas City, Missouri 
A.B. Van Home, Jean 

42 Dwight Place, Englewood. New Jersey 
A.B, Van Leer, Leila Draper 

1858 Ontario Place, Washington. D. C. 
A.B. Watts, Sarah Langhorne 

Route 4, Lynchburg, Virginia 
A.B. Wavland, Margaret Farwell 

1842 16th Street, Washington, D. C. 
B.S'. Wells, Hetty Adelaide 

25 Vassar Place, 

Roekville Centre, Long Island. New York 
A.B. Wilson. Carolyn Asbury 

Lookout Mountain, Tennessee 


Sweet Briar College 

Alumnae Attending Commencement 


Eugenia Griffin Burnett 
Anne Powell Hodges 

Elizabeth Franke Balls 
Elizabeth Grammer Toney 
Maiy Pinkerton Kerr 
Sue Slaughter 

Beatrix Balduin Lewis 

Henrietta T^'ashburn 

Harriet Evans Wychoff 

Margaret Banister 

Henrietta Crump 
Bertha Pfeister Wailes 

Vivienne Barkatow Breckenridge 
Louise Case McGuire 
Margaret Mc^ ey 
Rebecca MacGeorge Bennett 
Edna Sloan Cole 
Virginia Hatch Combs 

Isabel Jf'ebb Luff 

Morrell Jones Gibson 

Margaret Bunvell Graves 
Gertrude Geer Bassett 
Katherine Hagler Phinigy 
Bessie Hoge Brown 
Maiy Del McCaw 
Ritchie McGuire 
Louisa Neivkirk Steeble 
Martha Newton McGuire 
Lydia Purcell Wilmer 
Helen Richards 
Virginia Stanberry Schneider 
Elizabeth Taylor Valentine 
Katherine Weiser Ekelund 

Fitzallen Kendall Fearing 
Margaret Wise O'Neal 

Helen Grill 

Katherine Redd York 

Eugenia Goodall Ivey 

Katherine Blount 
Jane Cunningham 
Poly Carey Deiv Woodson 
Wanda Jensch Harris 
Edna Lee Wood 

Kathryn Norris Kelley 
Virginia Lee Taylor Tinker 

Jeanette Boone 

Page Bird Woods 
Katherine Brightbill 
Louise Conklin Knowles 
Elizabeth Crane Hall 
Sarah Everett Lee 
Charlotte Horton 
Elizabeth Prescott Balch 
Elizabeth Robins Foster 
Virginia }'an W'inMe Morlidge 
Jocelyn Watson Regen 

Ellen Blake 
Hallet Gubelman 
Beulah Irving Vaughn 
Elizabeth Lankjord Miles 
Gertrude Prior 
Alwyn Redmond Barlow 
Julia Thomas 

Ruth Ferguson Fresch 

Helen Harris Beard Huntington 
Marion Sherrill Bromfield 
Grace Ferguson 
Anne Lewis 
Elizabeth Saunders 
Catherine Bland Williams 

Elizabeth Clark 
Jean Cole 
Virginia Cooke 
Jean Countr\man 
Ellen Eskridge 
Margaret Ferguson Bennett 
Josephine Gibbs 
Fanny O'Brian Hettrick 
Jean Ploehn 
Peronne Whittaker 
Ella X'i illiams 
Nancy Woithington 

Sara Harrison 
Marjorie Miller 
Sara Shallenbarger 
Jane White 

JIary B. Lankford 
Ann Spencer 
Betty Taylor 
Virginia \ esev 

Alumnae Loyalty Fund Chairman 

The Alumnae Coimcil takes great 
pleasure in announcing the appoint- 
ment of Katharyn Norris Kelley as 
the first Chairman of the Alumnae 
Lovaltv Fund. 

Alumnae News 


Emily Helen Dutton 

BORN in Shirley, Massachusetts, Miss 
Dutton was prepared for college at 
Monson, one of the old New England 
academies, and was graduated from Mt. 
Holyoke College. Afterwards she took her 
Master's degree at Radcliffe and later the 
Ph.D. degree at the University of Chicago, 
where she held a university fellowship in 
Latin for three years. She also studied a 
year in the German universities of Berlin 
and Munich and traveled extensively in 
Europe, including Italy and Greece. In 
college her major subject was Classics, 
which has continued to be the field of her 
graduate study and teaching. She began 
secondary school teaching in Utah and 
Minnesota and taught a year in the Girls' 
High School, Brooklyn, before going to 
Vassar, where she was instructor in Latin 
for eight )'ears, leaving there to carry on 
graduate study at Chicago. She came to 
Sweet Briar from Tennessee where she was 
professor of Latin and Greek and finally 
dean at Tennessee College, which was 
founded shortl)^ after Sweet Briar was 
opened. She is now completing her tenth 
year as dean of Sweet Briar College and 
head of the department of Greek and Latin. 
Her sabbatical leave in the second semester 
two years ago was largely spent in Greece 
and Italy. Her doctoral dissertation, 
Studies in Greek Prepositional Phrases, 
was written under the direction of Pro- 
fessor Paul Shorey of the University of 
Chicago, and was published in 1916. The 
same year her presidential address for the 
Tennessee Philological Association, Reflec- 

tions on Re-reading Vergil, was published 
as a bulletin of Tennessee College. 

Dr. Dutton has been much interested in 
the question of college standards; has read 
papers on the subject before the Southern 
Association of Colleges and other organi- 
zations. She served for some years as 
chairman of the committee on standards 
of the Southern Association of College 
Women until the union of that organiza- 
tion in 1921 with the Association of Col- 
legiate Alumnae to form the American As- 
sociation of University Women. For the 
next four years she was a member of two 
A. A. U. W. national committees, the Com- 
mittee on Membership and the Committee 
on Maintaining Standards, and since 1925 
has been chairman of the latter committee 
for which her last report was recently pre- 
sented at the Convention at Minneapolis. 
She prepared the chapter on the Southern 
Association of College Women for the His- 
tory of the American Association of Uni- 
versity Women published in 1931. 

Dean Dutton is a member of Phi Beta 
Kappa; of the American Philological As- 
sociation, the Archaeological Institute of 
America, the Classical Association of Great 
Britain, L' Association Guillaimie Bude, the 
Classical Association of the Middle West 
and South; the American Association of 
University Professors, the National Asso- 
ciation of Deans of Women, the Amer- 
ican Association of University Women, the 
League of Nations Association, the English- 
Speaking Union, and the Women's Univer- 
sity Club of New York. 

After Ten Years 

By Emily Helen Button, Dean 1923-1933 

TEN years spent on our lovely campus 
have flown so swiftly that it is hard 
to believe the calendar which testifies 
to my Sweet Briar anniversary, 1923-1933. 
In 1923 there had been a dean at Sweet 
Briar for only two years. She had no office 
of her own, and no secretary and much of 
the work of the dean had not been devel- 
oped or organized; for the first time that 
year we had 360 students. Hill House had 

just been built and tlie rooms on the lowest 
floor of Randolph had been altered to care 
for additional students. In 1931-32 we en- 
rolled 467 students and this year 450. The 
General Freshman Adviser has been three 
times replaced during these ten years and 
has become also tlie assistant to the dean. 
Our three offices are among die busy cen- 
ters in Fletcher. This is of course only 
part of the normal growth of the college, 


Sweet Briar College 

which in nearly every phase of its work 
has developed in similar fashion: yet, we 
believe, without losing the close relation- 
ship among the students, the warm friend- 
liness and affection between students and 
faculty, or others of the finest character- 
istics and traditions of Sweet Briar. 

For a long time it seemed that no senior 
class thought that it had made its proper 
contribution to the college unless it had 
secured some added "social privilege". 
Gradually the social privileges have been 
broadened until now it is doubtful whether 
the classes can think of anything new for 
which thev seriously wish to ask unless it 
be the extension of the opportunities for 
smoking which are also by this time rather 
generous. Although the old gymnasimn is 
now used only for purposes of recreation 
and is known as the Grammer Common 
Room, the Saturday night dances are still 
held there — except when the number of 
dates promises to be too large — and they 
still keep their old name. That they have 
not lost their interest appears from the 
remark to me last winter of a New York 
father who said that his daughter went for 
a New Year's party with a merry group in 
the city and came home saying. "No more 
of that for me! I can have all tlie fun I 
want at the Saturday night g^ms at Sweet 

There are a few of the activities of the 
dean's oflGce about which I should espec- 
ially like to tell you. One of them is the 
administration of scholarship funds in 
which Bertha Pfeister Wailes, '17, who is 
on the committee, thinks the alumnae will 
be particularly interested. As in most 
other colleges, one of the big problems of 
the past two years has been how to help 
students to come to or to continue in col- 
lege despite disheartening curtailment of 
the family income. In 1923 when I became 
chairman of the committee on scholarships 
we gave eight tuition scholarships of 
S280.00 each. That number had already 
grown in one way and another before the 
college fees were increased in 1931 from 
S800.00 to Sl.000.00, S400.00 of which is 
for academic tuition. At that time the 
Board of Directors assigned from college 
income for scholarship purposes $14,800- 
.00; the tea house increased its contribu- 
tion to 81,600.00: the bookshop promised 
§600.00; and the alumnae raised the Man- 

son Memorial Scholarship from $280.00 to 
$400.00 that it might still cover the tuition 
of one student. This gave us a total of 
$17,400.00 which we might use in helping 
good students who would otherwise not be 
able to go on with their education. How- 
ever, we set aside $300.00 of this for three 
honor scholarships of SIOO.OO each, to be 
awarded annually at Commencement to the 
highest ranking student in the freshman, 
sophomore, and junior classes respectively. 
We also allotted $4,800.00 of the amount 
for twelve competitive freshman scholar- 
ships of $400.00 each, the competition to 
be based on College Entrance Board exami- 
nations in order that we might have a uni- 
form method of judgment. Six of these 
are held for Virginia students in case that 
number of applicants from Virginia pass 
die examinations, and the rest are open for 
competition by students from all over tlie 
country. At present there are seven appli- 
cants from \ irginia and fourteen others 
who are planning to take the examinations 
this month for this competition. Most of 
these come from some of the best prepara- 
tory schools in the country. 

Last year it early became evident that 
we should lose many students for financial 
reasons unless we could give them more 
aid. Therefore, first in May and again in 
August. President Glass went carefully 
over the college budget, cutting it where 
she could and postponing some plans in 
order to appropriate additional special 
emergency funds. As a result of this, we 
actually made one hundred awards, includ- 
ing the $100.00 honor scholarships and the 
Sl.000.00 scholarship for our foreign stu- 
dent. Kadie Straus, affectionately known as 
■"Tinka" and beloved by every one, a de- 
lightful German girl who came to us last 
September through the Institute of Inter- 
national Education. The grants varied in 
general from $200.00 to .$400.00, according 
to the needs of the students and amounted 
finally to $24,422.00. 

Another emergency measure was the 
opening of Fergus Reid dining-room to 
student ser\'ice for twenty girls at 8404.00 
each, or a total of $8,080.00. All together, 
therefore, the college in the year just closed 
has assisted one hundred and twenty girls 
to the amount of $32,522.00. This does 
not include numerous other forms of self- 
help, some of which, like the two assistants 



Sweet Briar College 

in the bookshop, two in the library, and 
several readers and laboratory assistants, 
are paid from college funds. Besides these 
there are assigned through the dean's office 
outside agencies of all sorts — cleaning 
agencies, agencies for flowers, for shoe 
repair and various other things. Every 
night in the week has been promised to 
girls who have sold sandwiches at ten 
o'clock, and a goodly number of girls have 
earned most or all of their spending money 
in some way or other during the past two 
years. One girl for two years has not only 
earned all her spending money, but also 
her traveling expenses to her Illinois home 
by selling little cakes from a Lynchburg 
shop. In all, more than a third of the stu- 
dents have this year had some form of help 
administered for the college through the 
dean's office. 

President Glass has again squeezed the 
budget for next year, cutting out many 
things she had hoped to do, and has prom- 
ised $7,500.00 as a special emergency fund. 
We have decided to offer between fifty and 
sixty dining-room service scholarships for 
which the girls will wait on table an aver- 
age of two meals a day and receive .S260.00 
— the cost of their table board. This will 
enable us to give one hundred and fifty or 
more scholarship awards varying from 
$100.00 to S540.00 in a few cases where a 
girl will need to have both a college schol- 
arship and a dining-room service scholar- 

Sweet Briar mav seem to be a bit remote 
from the worst experiences of unemploy- 
ment and financial losses, but the appeal 
of the stories of anxiety and need that lie 
behind all these scholarship and self-help 
awards makes me long desperately to help 
more than is possible. Some members of 
tlie facultv have been very generous in as- 
sisting girls and we rejoice that the class 
of 1933 makes its class gift of $600.00 
toward the endowment of scholarship 
funds. To help students to a college edu- 
cation by establishing scholarship endow- 
ments often interests people who would not 
give to the college in any other way and 
I cherish the hope that some of the alum- 
nae may know some one who would take 
pleasure in making such a gift. $8,000.00 
at five per cent would yield a tuition schol- 
arship of $400.00, would increase the col- 
lege endowment, and free college funds for 

the improvement of the college in other 
needed directions. 

In the face of this economic "storm and 
stress period" Sweet Briar girls, like others, 
realize that they are learning many valu- 
able lessons. Many of them find that when 
once college bills have been paid it is pos- 
sible to live happily at Sweet Briar and 
spend very little money — some who have 
had allowances of $25.00 a month tell me 
that they do very nicely on $6.00 or $7.00. 
Most of them realize as never before that 
"life is real, life is earnest", and there is 
a new sense of the value of their college 
education and of the self-denial it may cost 
their parents. A detail which seems to be 
partly a result of the present situation is 
a greatly increased appreciation of the 
excellent course of lectures and concerts 
brought to the college from outside with- 
out extra cost to the students and a new 
understanding of the fact that a number 
of advantages which involve extra charaes 
in many places are included at Sweet Briar 
in tlie general college fees. 

Uppermost in my mind and plans for the 
college is alwavs the improvement of aca- 
demic scholarship. It is a source of much 
gratification and pride that more and more 
our students are going on for universitv 
graduate study and that both they and 
others who are engaged in various fields 
of work are increasingly bringing distinc- 
tion to their Alma Mater. Within the col- 
lea;e nothing has done more to help the 
whole intellectual atmosphere than tlie 
Mary Helen Cochran library, which Dr. 
Mary K. Benedict, a commencement visitor, 
told me she thought one of the most beau- 
tiful college libraries she had ever seen. 
You alreadv know of some of the new 
plans we have made recentlv for the pur- 
pose of stimulating scholarship — especiallv 
the reading for departmental horors. This 
year a good besinning has been made on 
this plan — three Juniors have been reading 
for honors in the department of Philosophv 
and Psvchologv. two in English, two in 
Economics and Sociologv. one in French, 
ore in History, and one in Classics. One 
of the aims of this method is to arouse 
more interest in study for its own sake and 
to decrease the tendency to work for grades. 
When a Junior honors student can write for 
fourteen hours on a comprehensive exami- 
nation covering the work of the vear in the 

Alumnae News 


equivalent of twenty-four semester hours 
and at the end say that she had never en- 
joyed doing anything so much in her life 
and that she did not feel tired because she 
had been so interested, something has been 
accomplishd in tliis direction. That an A 
grade was the result of that examination 
is as natural as that the thermometer today 
registers a temperature close to 90 degrees. 

The special purpose of all comprehen- 
sive examinations is to prevent working for 
grades rather than for knowledge and 
power, to lead to a correlation rather than 
a pigeon-holing of what one learns and to 
make it a permanent possession rather than 
something to be held in the mind only until 
the examination in a particular course. 
With these objects in vieiv we have voted 
to change the "College Honors"', previously 
given to members of the graduating class 
mainly on the basis of grades, to General 
Honors in three ranks designated by cum 
laude. magna cum laude. and sum,ma cum 
laude, awarded both on the basis of grades 
and the results of a comprehensive exami- 
nation of not less than three hours in the 
major subject. This examination is not 
intended to be of the nature of a wide 
range of facts, but rather a test of the 
candidate's power of reflection and her 
ability to employ the ideas and processes 
characteristic of her major subject. A 
student must have an average of B in order 
to be eligible to take the examination, but 
the average of her grades and her compre- 
hensive examination must be well above B 
in order to win General Honors. 

Founders' Day Honors are to be replaced 
by Junior Honors given to a few of the 
highest ranking members of that class 
based upon the work of the first two years. 
These students are to have the exclusive use 
of a Jtmior Honor Study in the library. 

In order to encourage freshmen who are 
successful in making the adjustments of the 

first semester, the names of freshmen whose 
grades are all B or who have an average 
better than B for the first semester will be 
published and an occasion will be made for 
suitable recognition of them by the college. 

Finally we are to have a Dean's List pre- 
pared each semester based not on any defi- 
nite grade, but consisting of sophomores, 
juniors, and seniors recommended by the 
instructors in most of their classes for 
ability, dependability, and achievement. 
For the following semester students on 
this list may attend classes or not at their 
own discretion, but a student may be re- 
moved from the list at any time upon an 
unfavorable report from her instructors. 
We hope that this may tend to develop 
both a greater sense of responsibility and 
of freedom to work most effectively. 

I hope these details have not wearied 
you. We are eager to show you all the 
new buildings when you come back to 
Sweet Briar, but I like to think that you 
are just as much interested in the invisible 
college as in its brick walls, in all that goes 
toward the building of higher scholarship, 
stronger character, finer social attitudes 
and greater sympathy and understandmg, 
as well as the cementing and grovrth of 
friendships and of love and loyalty for the 
college in the making of which you have 
had and will continue to have so large a 

As I may have no other chance to say it 
to all of you, may I add one word of sin- 
cerest appreciation and heart-felt gratitude 
to the alumnae for their lovely, tlioughtful 
gift in honor of my tenth anniversary and 
especially to the presidents of tlie classes 
of the last ten )'ears for their beautiful 
letters which have touched me deeply? 
Whenever you come to the campus do let 
me have a chance to give you welcome. 


Sweet Briar College 

Trends in Admissions 

Dear Alumnae: 

You have been such splendid fellow- 
workers in admissions this year that I wish 
you to know how much your co-operation 
is appreciated. This is an open letter of 
gratitude for your cordial reception when 
I have met you in groups, for your effi- 
ciency in organizing meetings with pros- 
pective students, and for your willmgness 
to distribute catalogues and to approach 
school principals, whose respect is invalu- 

I wish I could quote to you from some 
of die letters from applicants telling of 
your influence on them when they were 
making their choice of college, ^our zest 
in co-operating with us in immediate mat- 
ters of admissions leads me to believe that 
you may be interested to know about some 
of the developments in the larger field of 
admissions in this past year and Sweet 
Briar's relation to them. So, in a spirit 
of gratitude for your support, and with 
the hope that your interest may be sus- 
tained and your good work may be carried 
on. we share with you our knowledge of 
the background which lies behind the field 
in which we work. 

Sincerely yours, 

Berin'ice DR-\KE LiLL, 


THIS has been a year of radical change 
in admissions, a year which marks 
the launching of certain definite ex- 
periments after years of inquiry, criticism 
and earnest study of admission problems. 
Many of you are familiar with the criticism 
of the examination basis of entrance as a 
method causing undue strain at the end of 
the school career, as a method fraught with 
error because it placed too much emphasis 
on a short period of sampling a student's 
knowledge, and as a method unfair to the 
student from a small school which could 
not give special preparation for the exami- 
nations. Yet many colleges of highest aca- 
demic standards have retained these tests 
because thev gave a common measurement 
of all applicants, set a recognized standard 
and partially relieved the colleges of the 
well-nigh impossible task of comparing 
varying standards amone schools. For 

By Mrs. Bernice Drake Lill, Registrar 

years the secondary schools have accused 
the colleges of restricting them in their 
eff'orts to develop and to cultivate mentally 
(Webster's definition of '"educate") their 

students who should go to college because 
tlie necessity for meeting entrance units 
prescribed by the colleges defeated this 
goal. The system of deferring final ac- 
ceptance of applicants until late July pre- 
ceding their admission has been a cause of 
considerable criticism of our northern col- 
leges. An over-emphasis on marks with an 
attendant lack of emphasis on character 
traits, school activities, interests and am- 
bitions has been another point of attack. 
We at Sweet Briar may have enjoyed tlie 
comfortable feeling of being "not guilty" 
of some of these charges. It is true that 
we have required the College Board exami- 
nations only for those students whose 
school certificates were found wanting be- 
cause of the standards of the school con- 
cerned or because of the quality of the in- 
dividual record. We have given word of 
provisional acceptance in February or May 
preceding an applicant's entrance. We 
have required detailed information about 
character, interests and goals from appli- 
cant and from school principal, placing 
great weight upon this part of the creden- 
tials. Two years ago we introduced a 
modicum of flexibility in our unit require- 
ment by providing for the acceptance of 
non-standardized units which meet certain 
standards, and we have made increasing 
use of this provision in the past two years. 
The announcement of new plans of ad- 
mission by five northern women's colleges 
came as a surprise to many, and some of 
you have asked about the significance of 
these changes to Sweet Briar. These plans, 
called Plan C and Flan D, mark a distinct 
lessening of emphasis on examinations, 
pro\'ide for acceptance a year in advance 
of admissions, and allow a spreading of 
examinations into two successive years. 
Under Plan C a candidate may receive pro- 
^^sional acceptance at the end of her junior 
year by taking two comprehensive exami- 
nations and the Scholastic Aptitude Test 
of the College Board, her final acceptance 
depending upon the results of two remain- 
ing examinations taken at the end of her 

AiuMNAE News 


senior year. Although this is still an ex- 
amination method of entrance, it smooths 
the path from school to college, establishes 
a spirit of confidence in the applicant and 
reduces the strain upon her at the end of 
her school course. Plan D requires no ex- 
aminations; it provides for the acceptance 
of students on the basis of school certifi- 
cate, unqualified recommendation and the 
Scholastic Aptitude Test, provided these 
students rank among the top seventh of 
their graduating class during the two final 
years in secondary school. At Sweet Briar 
we are, of course, willing to accept students 
under Plan C, and, further, we are willing 
to consider applicants for our competitive 
freshman scholarships on this basis. Plan 
D is in many respects not unlike the 
method of admission most generally in 
practice at Sweet Briar. We have accepted 
students provisionally on the basis of certi- 
ficate, unqualified recommendation of prin- 
cipal, and a standardized psychological 
test. Our line has not been drawn at one- 
seventh nor does it seem desirable for the 
small college to draw this arbitrary line, 
but rather to let us place the imaginary 
line at varying levels suggested by our 
knowledge of the standards of the various 
schools concerned. 

This announcement of two new plans of 
admission to supplement the two plans 
already in existence, this complication of 
means of entrance, brings to my mind an 
interview which I had less than two years 
ago witli the headmistress of a prominent 
college preparatory school for girls. The 
principal criticized Sweet Briar for not 
being either strictly a "certificate" college 
or strictly an "examination" college. She 
fairly said, "Of two things, one". I sym- 
pathized with her then and extend further 
sympathy now, for her hope of one perfect 
and satisfactory method of admission is 
one never to be realized. And as we en- 
deavor to adapt methods to conditions, 
they have a way of growing more compli- 

Although diis announcement from the 
group of northern colleges may have come 
as a surprise to many, they are in reality 
the result of many years of careful study. 
Some of you may be interested to know 
that for three years preceding May, 1932, 
the School and College Relations Commit- 

tee representing the two hundred educa- 
tional institutions that make up the Edu- 
cational Records Bureau had been studying 
certain possibilities concerning admission 
to college. In May of last year that com- 
mittee reported its recommendations to 
recognized colleges and miiversities through 
the United States. This committee pro- 
posed to the colleges (1) that they place 
greater emphasis on the personal character- 
istics of applicants; (2) that they consider 
records of standard tests taken in consecu- 
tive years in secondary schools; (3) that 
they consider applicants a year before the 
time of expected entrance; (4) that they 
advise all students a year before entrance, 
sending word of acceptance, advice to make 
other plans, or a deferring of judgment; 
(51 that they allow the schools more free- 
dom in planning the work of the final year. 
The faculty of Sweet Briar, on the recom- 
mendation of the Committee on Admis- 
sions, accepted these proposals with pro- 
vision that the plan of work in secondary 
schools must prepare students to carry the 
courses prescribed for the degree. 

About the same time another group of 
educators, representing both schools and 
colleges, made an interesting approach to 
the colleges and universities of the country. 
This committee of the Progressive Educa- 
tion Association invited us to join in an 
experiment which would allow a small 
number of selected schools to recommend 
for admission to college students prepared 
under a "reconstructed" curriculum. The 
committee proposed that it supervise the 
work of these students and act as the agent 
for bringing schools and colleges into 
closer co-operation in guiding each stu- 
dent's work. Admission of students under 
this direction will depend not upon unit 
requirements but upon recommendations as 
to ability, purpose, and mastery in one or 
more fields of study, and upon a history 
of the student's school life including re- 
cords of various types of examinations. 
The Sweet Briar faculty voted its willing- 
ness to enter into this experiment, subject 
to the restrictions imposed by the college 
curriculum and degree requirements in sub- 
jects and in groups. Because of our pres- 
ent degree requirements in fifty-eight or 
sixty-four semester hours we are limited in 

(Turn to Page 32) 


Alumnae News 


Sweet Briar's Part in the Century of Progress 

By Margaret 

IF you are going to the Century of 
Progress Exposition this summer, or 
even if you aren't, as a matter of fact, 
here is something that will interest you. 
Sweet Briar has an exhibit at the Exposi- 
tion. It would perhaps be more accurate 
to say that Sweet Briar has part of an ex- 
hibit, for it is one of eighteen women's 
colleges which have joined together to 
form the Women's College Board and, 
through the courtesy of the publishers of 
Time and Fortune, have established head- 
quarters in the attractive Time-Fortune 
Building for the five months of the Ex- 
position, from June 1 to November 1. 

This building is in the center of the 
World's Fair activities, being located just 
south of the Hall of Science and overlook- 
ing the picturesque lagoon. From its bal- 
conies and terraces may be seen the ac- 
quatic sports and the Venetian gondolas 
as well as the brilliant night illumination 
first switched on by the beam from Arc- 
turus on May 27th. Inside, in a huge air- 
cooled room, seventy by seventy feet, 
attractively furnished with comfortable 
lounging chairs, tables, lamps, magazines, 
the Women's Collea;e Board headquarters 
have been set up, for the purpose of pro- 
viding a central meeting place for the col- 
lege women visiting the Fair, and of dis- 
pensing information concerning the various 
colleges to interested persons. 

A secretary will be on duty at all hours 
of the day, from ten in the mornina; until 
ten at night. She will keep a card index 
of all visiting alumnae, where they are 
staying, their phone numbers, etc., and will 
therefore form a clearing house of infor- 
mation to help college women to find out 
who is there and how to locate them. If 
you go to Chicago, therefore, by all means 
go to the Time-Fortune Building and regis- 

Detailed information concerning each of 
the member colleges is kept on file at head- 
quarters and given out b}' the secretaries 
to all who enquire. Names of persons de- 
siring catalogues of any of the colleges are 
taken and the college notified. And each 
of the colleges has an exhibit, consisting 
of literature, photographs, and a scrap 
book, or portfolio. Sweet Briar has sent 

Banister, '16 

copies of its catalogue and other academic 
bulletins, copies of the student handbook, 
of this year's Briar Patch, and The Bram- 
bler and Sweet Briar News, and packets of 
photographs of campus scenes and activi- 
ties. The college has also sent a set of nine 
photographs designed to fit into a space 30 
by 40 inches on a pedestal display, com- 
prising a large central picture of the quad- 
rangle formed by Gray, Carson, Randolph 
and Manson with the Refectory in the cen- 
ter: an airplane panorama of the college, 
photographs of Fletcher Hall, the arcade 
of Academic Building, Sweet Briar House, 
the lake. Academic steps and balustrade, 
the Alumnae Cabin and Daisy's Garden. 
These photographs are hand tinted and 
give a vivid and realistic impression of the 
college. Our scrap book is of batik paper 
in brown and beige, with brown leather 
binding and Sweet Briar College in gold 
lettering. The fly leaf carries a hand- 
painted seal of the college, and the con- 
tents are made up largely of photographs, 
college views, activities and personalities, 
as well as programs of the principal events 
of this year. 

The Chicago Alumnae Club, under the 
leadership of Louise Lutz, '29, represents 
Sweet Briar on the Women's College Board, 
and the members of the Club will serve as 
hostesses at headquarters at various times 
during the Exposition. Sweet Briar alum- 
nae are urged to make use of the head- 
quarters, register with the secretary and 
let the Sweet Briar hostesses know that 
they are there. 

The partial list of Sweet Briar hostesses 
for the Century of Progress is as follows: 
June 14, Elizabeth Hilton, '29, July 2, 
Eleanor Goodwin, ex-'32, July 20, Eliza- 
beth Pape, '24, and Virginia Little, ex-'22, 
August 7, Helen Haseltine, '26, and August 
25."Grace Sollitt, '28, and Louise Lutz, '29. 

The Board is composed of representa- 
tives from eighteen women's colleges, 
namely: Barnard. Bryn Mawr, Connecti- 
cut, Elmira, Goucher, Lake Erie, Milwau- 
kee-Downer. Mount Holyoke, Radcliff', 
Randolph-Macon, Rockford. Smith, Sweet 
Briar, Trinity, Vassar. Wellesley. and 


Sweet Briar College 

Of Books No End 

Miscellaneous Suggestions for Summer Reading 

Anthony, Katharine. 

Bainville, Jacques, 

Belloc, Hilaire, 

Benson. E. F.. 

Chase. Stuart, 
Churchill, Winston. 

Croce, Benedetto, 

Dabney, Virginius, 

Donham, W. B , 
Grand Duke Ahxander, 

Griffith, Gwilym 0., 

Guedalla, Philip. 
Keller, A. G., 
Lockhart, R. H. Bruce. 

Lumley, Frederick, 
Mathews, John Joseph. 

Maurois, Andre, 
Maxton, James, 

Miller, Bamette, 

Nevins, Alan, 
Raymond, Dora Neill, 

Rachmanova, Alya 

Rickard, T. A., 
Rodd, Sir Rennell 

Salter, Sir James Arthur, 
Sweig, Stefan, 
Tawney, R. H., 
Tawney, R. H., 
Trevelyan, G. M., 

Webb, Walter Prescott, 


of the 

Marie Antoinette. Alford A. Knopf, 1933 

A study by the biographer of Catharine the Great. It is especially 

intrresting as a contrast to Hilaire Belloc's life of the unfortunate queen 
.Napoleon. Little, Brown, 1933 

This translation by Hamish Miles makes the work available to a 

wider circle. 
Napoleon. Lippincott. 1932 

The latest important English biography of an enigma. 
.4s We .ire. Longmans, 1932 

Less sparkling than .is We Were, but still good. 
A New Deal. Macmillan, 1932 
Thoughts and Adventures. Scribners, 1932 

A prolific writer shows himself still possessed of interestin'; material. 
History of Europe in the Nineteenth Century. Harcourt. 1932 

Not hammock reading, but well worth the extra effort, even in sum- 
mer time. 
The Rise of Liberalism in the South 
University of North Carolina Press. 1932 

Brilliant observations by a rising publicist. 
Business Adrift. McGraw-Hill. 1931 
Always a Grand Duke. Farrar and Rinehart. 1933 

A continuation of the interesting and historically valuable Once a 

Grand Duke. 
Mazzini: Prophet of Modern Europe. Harcourt, 1933 

The study of a much feared politician who kept faith with his 
Wellington. Harper, 1931 
Man's Rough Road. Stokes. 1931 
British .4gent. Putnam, 1933 

A best seller that has real historical value for its treatment 

Russian Revolution. 
The Propogonda Men/ice. Centuiy, 1933 
Wah' Kon-Tah, The Osage and the White Man"s Road. 
University of Oklalioma Press. 1932 
Voltaire. Appleton, 1932 

Leaves a good deal to be said but says a good deal 
Lenin. Appleton, 1932 

A study of the Revolutionist by a member of the 

British Labor Party. 
Beyond the Sublime Port: the Grand Seraglio of Stamboul 
Yale University Press, 1932 

"First adequate description or history' of the family life of the Sultans 

of Turkey." American History Review. 

Professor Miller's work is based on personal contacts and life in 

Istanboul at the American College as well as upon her scholarly train- 
ing. Work of a woman wise and brilliant. 
Graver Cleveland ; .4 Study in Courage. Dodd, 1932 
Pulitzer Prize Award, 1933 
Oliver's Secretary; John Milton in an Era oj Revolt. Minton. 1933 

Highly enjoyable to the historically literate. 

Penetrating defense of a Social Radical. 
Flight from Russia. John Day, 1933 

The diarv of a Russian student in 1917. 
Man and Metals. McGraw-Hill, 1933 
Rome of the Renaissance and Today. MacmiUan, 1933 

A scholar and England's war-time Ambassador to Italy writes vividly 

of departed and present Roman grandeur. 
Recovery, the Second Effort. Century, 1932 
.Marie .4ntoinette; the Portrait of an average Woman. 
The .4quisitive Society. Harcourt, 1920 
Equality. Harcourt. 1931. Halley Stewart Lecture, 1929 
England under Queen Anne. Longmans, 1932. 

The history of a fascinating age written in a fascinating manner. 
The Great Plains. Ginn. 1931 

After the school of the Beards, treating of the opening of the West, 

in a style analytical and graphic in places. 


Left Wing of the 


mg rress, 


Alumnae News 


Preachers to the College 














































The Reverend Beverly D. Tucker, Jr., D. D., Richmond, Virginia. 

The Reverend J. W. Burnham, D. D., Richmond, Virginia. 

The Reverend James A. Mitchell, Alexandria, Virginia. 

The Reverend J. D. Paxton, D. D., Lynchburg, Virginia. 

The Reverend Churchill J. Gibson, D. D., Richmond, Virginia. 

The Reverend Vincent C. Franks, Lexington, Virginia. 

The Reverend R. Gary Montague. D. D., Richmond, Virginia. 

The Reverend Wallace E. Rollins, D. D., Alexandria, Virginia. 

The Reverend R. Murphy Williams, Greensboro, North Carolina. 

The Reverend Edwin M. Slocombe, D. D., Lynchburg, Virginia. 

Thanksgiving Service, President Meta Glass, Sweet Briar, Virginia. 

The Reverend William Adams Brown, D. D., Union Theological 

Seminary, New York City. 
The Reverend Alexander C. Zabriskie, Alexandria, Virginia. 
Christmas Carol Service. 

Professor Thomas L. Harris, Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass. 
The Reverend E. Reinhold Rogers, Covington, Virginia. 
The Reverend W. Aiken Smart, Emory University, Georgia. 
The Reverend W. Cosby Bell, D. D., Alexandria, Virginia. 
The Reverend Edwin M. Slocombe, D. D., Lynchburg, Virginia. 
The Reverend Carl E. Grammer, S. T. D., Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 
The Reverend Harold E. B. Speight, D. D., Hanover, New Hampshire. 
Dr. Sam Higginbottom, Allahabad Christian College, Allahabad, 

Dr. Hornell Hart, Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania. 
The Reverend J. N. Latham, D. D., Lynchburg, Virginia. 
The Reverend Moses R. Lovell, D. D., Waterbury, Connecticut. 
The Reverend Alexander C. Zabriskie, Alexandria, Virginia. 
The Reverend Clifford L. Stanley, Alexandria, Virginia. 
The Reverend S. L. Flickinger, D. D., Winchester, Virginia. 
The Reverend Richard H. Lee, Chatham, Virginia. 
The Reverend Ernest Van R. Stires, Richmond, Virginia. 
The Reverend Charles E. Eder, Mount Airy, Pennsylvania. 
The Reverend Alfred S. Lawrence, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, 
Baccalaureate Sermon: The Reverend Halford E. Luccock, Divinity 

School, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut. 

LIVE IN 9 ! 


130 EAST 57th STREET 
at Lexington Ave. 

Plaza 3-8841 

Rates— SIO to S22 

Luncheon, 50c 

Dinner, 75c and Sl.OO 


38th ST. & MADISOX AVE. 

Fraternity Clubs Building 

CAledonia 5-3700 

Luncheon, 65c and 75c 

Dinner, 75c and Sl.OO 

Also a la Carte 

143 EAST 39th STREET 

East of Lexington Ave. 

AShland 4-0460 


302 WEST 22d STREET 
CHelsea 3-6454 

DIFFERENT . . . individual . . . thoroughly of New York 
. . . utterly unlike any other mode oF living, the AlJerton 
Houses oFfer the ideal combination oF home and club liFe. 

Here are the Fellowship and Facilities oF the Finest club 
. . . rest and reading rooms, gymnasia, game rooms, solaria, 
dances .... and at rates adjusted to present day, common 
sense standards. Vou share all these privileges — pay only for 
your room I 

The locations were selected with extreme care For con- 
venience, accessibility and desirability. You live in the re- 
stricted East Side District, where you can stroll in comFort to 
midtown business and social activities. 

If you desire to maintain a high standard of living, with- 
out maintaining high expenses. Find out today what the Aller- 
tons have For you. 

Inspect the Allertons. Note their advantages. Discover 
For yourselF the economy and desirability oF Allerton living. 

Kates, $10.00 to $22.00 Weekly 



Alumnae News 


Soap Coupons 

As you know, if you have read the 
minutes of the Alumnae Meeting, our soap 
campaign is to be continued for another 
year. Now that you have the habit of 
sending in your coupons please KEEP IT 
UP. Save them through the summer and 
send them in the first of September that 
we may give you another report in the 
October Alumnae News. Many of the 
letters that have been received with the 
coupons have expressed regret that there 
were not more to send, some even hinted 
that they hesitated to send so few, but 
please rest assured that all are needed. 
One of the letters received from a friend 
of the college stated the matter extremely 
well by saying, "Except I know that 
pennies grow into dollars I would be 
ashamed to send you so few coupons." 
All of these "few^" ^vill some day grow 
into the addressograph that we are so 
anxious to have installed in the office. 
We wash to express our appreciation to 
the following friends, faculty, students and 
alumnae for their co-operation. We also 
wish to thank the many w'ho sent in cou- 
pons wuth no name attached and ^ve are, 
therefore, unable to list them. 

Mrs. L. C. Burwell 
Mrs. W. R. Eaton 
Miss Elizabeth Freeborn 
Mrs. C. N. Fry 
Mrs. W. B. Goodwin 
Mrs. David Spence Hill 
Mrs. W. D. James 
Mrs. James R. Kent 
Mrs. Fred C. Kirkendall 
Mrs. C. B. Leech 
Marinello Shop. Lynchburg 
Miss Eula Mathews 
Miss Mar>' Pinnental 
Mrs. Tola Redford 
Miss Ada Robinson 
Mrs. J. A. Strickland 
Mrs. R. H. Templeton 
Mrs. J. Read Voigt 
Miss Ruth Isabel Westcott 
Mrs. Effie Wills 

Mrs, James Abbitt 
Mrs. J. E. Barker 
Mrs. J. B. Beard 
Mrs. W, C. Blackwell 
Boxwood Inn 
Miss Glass 
Miss Hallet 
Mrs. Jensen 
Mrs. Bernard Jordan 
Miss Long 
Miss Marsh 
Miss Morenus 
Miss Gay Patteson 
Miss Mattie Patteson 
Miss Steele 
The Walkers 

Mrs. R. W. Watts 
Miss Weaver 

Jessie Beavers Phillips 
Daisy Bullard Richardson 
Carina Eglesfield Mortimer 
Christine Gholson Holeman 
Jane Gregory Heyer 
Emily Mxirston Cumnock 
Dorothy Pryor Darby 
Lois Richardson Murdock 
Dorothy Swan Lent 
Jane Tyler Griffith 
Julia Wherry 

Eugenia Griffin Burnett 

Claudine Griffin Holcomh. ex- 'II 

Marie Abrams Lawson, ex-'12 
Mary Gardner Lane, ex- "12 

Elizabeth Grammer Torrey 
Mary Pinkerton Kerr 
Bernice Richardson Campbell 
Sue Slaughter 
Man- Clark Rogers. cx-'13 
Elizabeth Craven Westcott, cx-"13 
Henrianne Early, ex-'13 
Sue Hardie Bell, ex-'i3 

Ruth Maurice Gorrell 
Henrietta Washburn 
Grace Callan Bond. ex-'14 

Frances Pennypacker 
Helen Baker Waller, ex-*15 
Jessie Darden Christian, ex-'15 
Martha Nines Dixon, ex-"15 

Margaret Banister 
Mary Pennypacker Davis 

Polly Bissell Ridler 
Rachel Lloyd Holton 
Bertha Pfister Wailes 
Anna Beveridge Leake, ex-'17 
Hazel Roberts Peck, ex-'17 

Vivienne Barkalow Breckenridge 
Elizabeth Lowman Hall 
Marianne Martin 
Julia Barber Taylor, ex-'18 
Louise Jones Raeger, ex-'18 
Marie Lorton Sims, ex-'18 
Laura W oodbridge Foster, ex- "18 

Katherine Block 
Caroline Sharpe Sanders 

Helen Beeson Comer 
Elmyra Pennypacker Coxe 
Isabel Webb Luff 

Josephine Ahara MacMillan 
Rhoda Allen Worden 
Elizabeth Cole 
Catherine Cordes Kline 
Mattie Hammond Smith 
Florence Ives Hathaway 
Mary McLemore Matthews 
Shelley Rouse Aagesen 
Ruth Simpson Carringlon. ex- '21 


Sweet Brur College 

Gertrude Dally 
Amey Smythe 

Martha Folk Shaffer. ex-'22 
Mary Hackman Cohill. cx-'?.2 
Katherine Hartt. ex- "22 
Mary Klump Watson, ex-'22 
Margaret Marston Tillar, ex-'22 

Jane Guignard Thompson 
Katherine Hancock Land 
Mary McCaw 
LaVern McGee Olney 
Helen McMahon 
Edith Miller McClinlock 
Elizabeth Taylor Valentine 
Frances Inslev Jacobs. ex-''23 
Catherine M^'ller Pollard ex-'23 
Mary Payne Millner, ex-*23 
Margaret Wise O'Neal, ex-'23 

Florence Bodine Mountcastle 
Susan Fitchett 
Caroline Flynn Eley 
Martha Lobingier Lusk 
Lorraine McCrillis 
Helen Mowry Fell 

Jane Becker Clippinger 
Dorothy Herbison Hawkins 
Margaret Hague Pfantz 
Gertrude McGiffen MacLennon 
Martha McHenry Halter 
Cordelia Kirkendall Buckman. e 

Dorothy Bailey Hughes 
.•Vnne Barrett Allaire 
Katherine Blount 
Mary Bristol Graham 
Gertrude Clark Carlson 
Marguerette Denman Wilson 
Adelaide Douglas Rushlon 
Wanda Jensch Harris 
Dorothy Keller 
Edna Lee Wood 
M. Joyce MacGregor 
Helen Mutschler Becker 
Katharyn .Yorris Kelley 
Lois Peterson 
Dorothea Reinburg Fuller 
Margaret Reinhold 
Virginia Lee Taylor Tinker 
Ruth Johnston Bowen, ex-'26 
Mary Prange, ex- '26 

Martha Ambrose Nunnally 
Evelyn Anderson Tull 
Jeannette Boone 
Daphne Bunting Klopslock 
Elizabeth Gates Collins 
Pauline Cloud 
Caroline Compton 
Virginia Davies 
Elizabeth Forsythe 
Elsetta Gilchrist 
Ruth Lowrance Street 
Elizabeth Mathews Wallace 
Gretchen Orr Staples 
Pauline Payne 
Cornelia Wailes 
Virginia Wilson 
Beatrice Garson Arndt. ex-"27 
Gwin Harris Scott, ex-'27 
Mary Thomson Harrod, ex- '27 

Rose Berger 
Page Bird Woods 
Louise Bristol Lindemann 
Dorothy Bunting 
Frances Goyner Huffard 
Harriet Dunlap Towill 
Margueritte Hodnett McDaniel 
Charlotte Horton 
Marion Jayne Berguido 
Elizabeth Jones Shands 
Katherine LeadbeatcT 
Ann Beth Price Clark 

Grace Sunderland Kane 

Virginia Van Winkle Morlidge 

Alice E. Webb 

Lillian Lee Wood 

Eleanor Branch Cornell, ex- '28 

Mary Nelms Locke. ex-'28 

Eleanor Tame Drummond, ex-'28 

Mar>- Archer Bean Eppes 
Kate T. Coe 
Dorothy Fowler 
Emilie Giese Martin 
Amelia Hollis Scott 
Josephine Kluttz Ruffin 
Elizabeth Lankford Miles 
Mildred Earle Lewis 
Isabel jS'orth Goodwin 
Bessie A. Peters 
Gertrude Prior 
Julia A, Thomas 
Esther Tyler Campbell 
Charlotte X^Tiinnery 
Virginia Chaffee Gynn, ex-'29 
Elizabeth Greason, ex-"29 
Margaret Green, ex-'29 
Frances Guthrie, ex- '29 
Margaret MacKoy Clifford. ex-'29 
Elizabeth Payne, ex-'29 

Grace Ferguson 
Mary Johnson Huntington 
Myra Marshall 
Elizabeth Marston 
Caroline Martin dale 
Lucy Harrison Miller 
Gwendolyn Olcott 
Wilhelmina Rankin 
Norvell Royer Orgain 
Jean Saunders 
Lucy Shirley 
Elizabeth Stevenson 
Mildred Stone Green 
Gladys Wester Horton 
Josephine Abernethy Turrentine, ex-'30 
Elizabeth Games, ex-'30 
Fanny Penn Ford, ex-'30 
Dorothea Paddock. ex-'30 
Augusta Porter Orr. c*x-'30 
Leslie Turner, ex- '30 
Lillian Wood, ex-'30 

Elizabeth Clark 
Virginia Cooke 
Ellen Eskridge 
Margaret Ferguson Bennett 
Josephine Gibbs 
Charlotte Kent Pinckney 
Virginia Quintard 
Isabel Solomon 
Martha von Briesen 
Marj ori e A. Webb 
Peronnc Whittaker 
Ella Williams 
Nancy Worth ington 
Dorothy Ayres Holt, ex- '31 
Rosalie Faulkner, ex- '31 
Nancy Gaines, ex- '31 
Polly Swift Calhoun, ex- '31 
Virginia White, ex-'31 

Virginia Bellamy 
Mildred Gibbons 
Sara Bright Gracey 
Susan Marshall 
Marcia Patterson 
Dorothy Smith 
Alice Weymouth 
Virginia Jemison, ex- '32 
Lillian Wilkinson, ex-'32 

Margaret Austin 
Adah Barber 
Mary Elizabetli demons 
Lois Foster 
Margery Gubelman 
Geraldine Mallory 
Warwick Rust 

(Turn to Page 33) 

The collese's most notable scene distinguishes these 
Royal Cauldon plates and services. 

A new note oF interest is that the Sweet Briar border 
pattern has now been applied to tea^ after dinner 
coffee and other services. 

These pieces, individually or in sets, make delight- 
ful gifts for all occasions. 

Will be Available in MULBERRY, BLUE or GREEN 

After Dinner Coffee Cups Bread and Butter Plates . 7.00 doz. 

and Saucers . . $9.50 doz. Tea Pot (6 cup) . . 3.50 ea. 

Tea Cups and Saucers . 10.00 " Cream Pitcher .... 2.00 " 

Tea Plates 9.00 " Sugar Bowl .... 3.00 " 

Express extra on these items 

Plates, $1 3.00 per dozen. Carriage Prepaid. Dinner Service Size. 

Prices for less than One Dozen on request 

Make che-cks f)a>iable and addr&ss ord&rs to 

SWEET BRIAR PLATES, care Alumnae Secretary 




Mak&rs of Stueet Briar Plates 


Sweet Briar College 

Trends in Admissions 

(Continued from Page 23) 

our ability to experiment and to co-operate 
in these educational movements, but a 
liberal and interested spirit marks the atti- 
tude of our faculty in these matters. 

Under the auspices of these two commit- 
tees and of a committee of the American 
Council on Education and of the Educa- 
tional Records Bureau, a conference on 
admissions was held in New York on 
November 3, 1932. It was a notable occa- 
sion attended by more than four hundred 
delegates from colleges, universities and 
schools. It was the happy privilege of 
your registrar to represent Sweet Briar at 
this conference, a meeting which in eager- 
ness of spirit, interest in its problems, and 
desire to co-operate was an inspiration in- 
deed. It was the consensus of opinion at 
this conference that the emphasis in admis- 
sions should be away from unit require- 
ments and measurements of time devoted 
to subjects, and pointed toward the student, 
her capacity, her power, her "present 
worth". In order to have measurements 
of these things it was urged that colleges 
consider records of examinations designed 
to measure growth in the successive years 
in secondary school by means of compar- 
able objective tests: that entrance creden- 
tials include records of each student's 
school activities; and that the colleges co- 
operate with the schools by accepting pro- 
visionally, years in advance, students who 
are profiting by the kind of secondary edu- 
cation which augurs well for successful 

A word about Sweet Briar in relation to 
these trends may be pertinent. As most of 
you know, we have for several years re- 
quired definite information about each 
applicant's school activities and interests, 
seeking this information from both the 
school and the applicant. We have used 
the American Council Psychological ex- 
amination in order to have a common test 
of capacity or skill by which we could 
compare our applicants. The Committee 
on Admissions has been interested in the 
comparable tests given in hundreds of 
schools each year under the direction of 
the Educational Records Bureau, although 
the occasion to use these tests has not been 
great. The faculty has voted its willing- 

ness to have us consider these records 
among entrance credentials, and we antici- 
pate some interesting admissions meetings 
with these new records before us. With 
regard to the early provisional acceptance 
of candidates the Admissions Committee is 
heartily agreed upon its desirability. Each 
year brings before us applicants whose 
problems would have been smoothed away 
had they been properly advised about their 
course for the final year in school. A great 
deal of suffering could be prevented if col- 
leges could advise applicants a full year 
before admission that they should be mak- 
ing other plans. Applicants who are in 
every way desirable would have happier 
senior years in school were they given pro- 
visional acceptance before that final year. 
However, in order to co-operate fully in 
this plan it seemed necessary for us to have 
an additional piece of educational ma- 
chinery — namely, a meeting of the Com- 
mittee on Admissions in the summer when 
the records of three years' work would be 
complete. In sending our reply from 
Sweet Briar regarding the consideration of 
applicants a full year in advance we were 
quite conservative, and the published re- 
port of our reply might lead to a misun- 
derstanding of the liberal and co-operative 
attitude we hold toward this important 
question. Many of you may have noted 
from the new catalogue statement that we 
advise applicants to present credentials a 
full year in advance of entrance. The 
consideration of the records which are now 
reaching us for applicants to enter in 1934 
is devolving this year upon the registrar 
and such administrative officers and such 
members of the Committee on Admissions 
as may be available. It appears that this 
summer. President Glass, Dr. Gary Hudson 
and Mrs. Lill will initiate the new practice 
of provisional acceptance before the final 
year of preparation. 

This past year has thus been a vital one 
in defining our ends and suggesting new 
means in admissions. The goal toward 
which we work is a co-ordinating of the 
educational process. To this end we have 
plans for early provisional acceptance; we 
place greater emphasis on all measure- 
ments of growth and achievement through- 
out the school course; we seek to co-operate 
with schools which wish to experiment in 
curricula adapted to needs of students 

Alumnae News 


rather than to units prescribed by colleges. 
By this we do not mean that we should 
encourage the substitution of vocational or 
technical courses for those subjects which 
we believe to have more cultural value. 
And we do sympathize with the more 
progressive schools in their desire for a 
more unified, integrated course which may 
include few subjects or units but which 
will place emphasis on the correlation of 
their work. The trend is away from one 
set of measurements as entrance criteria 
and toward a number of measurements ex- 
tending over a longer period of time. In 
some of these trends Sweet Briar finds her- 
self near the vanguard, in other near the 
front with an interested and liberal attitude 
and confident of the good things to come. 
Sweet Briar both contributes towards these 
developments and reaps from them her 
share of benefits. 

Soap Coupons 

(Continued from Page 31) 

LelJa Van Leer 
Martiia Ellm Bell, ex.'33 
Elhel Cameron, ex-'33 
Elizabeth Stuart Gray, ex-'33 
Thelma Hanifen, ex-'33 
Jane Morrison ex-"33 
Sarah D. Stewart. ex-'33 
Elizabeth Taylor, ex-"33 
Virginia Vesey, ex-'33 


Elizabeth Collier 
Edith Ha an 
Mary G, Krone 
Marion Oliver 
Caroline Mason Pride 

Eleanor Carpenter 
Maude Winbone 

,\lice McCloskey, Davies. 1934 
Rosemary Fry. 1934 
Kate Strauss, 1934 
Roberta Cope 1935 
Virginia Go-.t. 1935 


Julia Peterkin, 1935 
Isabel Scriba, 1935 
Jacqueline Strickland, 1935 
Lida Read Voigt, 1935 
Margaret Huxley, 1936 
Margaret MacRac, 1936 



T^rinters y bookbinders^ J^thographers 







Sweet Briar College 

Class Personals 

(Editor's Note — The Editor is embaiTassed 
beyond words to tell you that owing to an ac- 
cident in the Cabin, when the janitor did unwar- 
ranted, thorough house-cleaning nine of the 
Class Personals, so kindly sent in by the Class 
Secretaries, were destroyed.) 


Henrietta Spafford Clapp has moved from 
Tampa to Winter Haven, Florida, to live. 

Clarisa Starling Peterson stopped at Sweet Briar 
on April 24. She spent several days motoring 
through Virginia during garden club week. 

Julia Baxter Scott Cramer is the President of 
the Charlotte Junior League. She has three chil- 

Eleanor Kingsbury Wiggins has moved from 
Westport, Connecticut, to New York City to live. 

Kathleen Sexton Holmes has returned to her 
home in Washington. D. C. after spending a 
month in Hatelhurst, Mississippi. 

Jane 7"y/er Griffith has moved from New York 
City to Wellesley Hills. Massachusetts, to live. 

Margaret Eaglesfield Bell spent a day on campus 
during the last of April. She was motoring 
through Virginia for garden club week. 

Class Secretary, Annie Powell Hodges (Mrs. 
William T.I, 47 Ccurtland Place, Meadowbrook, 
Norfolk, Virginia. 


Class Secretary, Josephine Murray Joslin (Mrs. 
J. Whitman. Jr.), 32 S. William Street. Johns- 
town, New York. 

Claudine Griffin Holcomb. ex-"ll, spent a day 
on campus this spring. 


Class Secretary, Elsie Zaegel Thomas (Mrs. 
I. C), 200 Euclid Av nue, Sheboygan, Wisconsin. 

Mary Garden Lane, ex-"12, will spend the 
month of July at Nantucket. 

Class Secretary, Elizabeth Crammer Torrey 
(Mrs. Donald F.I, 530 Brookhurst Avenue, Nar- 
beth, Pennsylvania. 

Dear Class of 1913 — This was our twentieth 
reuninon. Sue Slaughter, Mary Pinkerton Kerr, 
Bessie Franke Balls, and myself were on hand. 
We all longed for our class mates. Letters came 
to me, as your class secretary, from Eugenia 
Biiffington Walcott, Frances Richardson Pitcher, 
Rebecca White Falsch, Helen Laniform Neiman, 
and Bernice Richardson Campbell. Eugenia has 
a daughter Betsy, two years old, whom they 
adopted when she was a tiny baby. They spent 
March in New Smyrna, Florida, According to 
her letters, farming is a serious business with 

Frances Richardson Pitcher is now able to in- 
dulge her fancy for antiques. They have re- 
modeled an old barn in Vermont, near Man- 
chester, to use as a summer home. Frances, ac- 
companied by her husband, spent several weeks 
in Bermuda after Easter. 

Bessie Franke Balls is now living in Washing- 
ton, D. C, after spending three years in Prague 
where her husband studied at the University. 

Helen Lamform Neiman writes she has been in 
her father's clothing business since her husband 
died in service in the war. Her only child, Betty 
Gene, is to enter Sweet Briar in 1936. 

Bernice Richardson Campbell has been Presi- 
dent of the Watertown Woman's Club for two 
years, and has also been Chairman of the Un- 
employment Relief Committee for two winters. 
She writes that her daughter, aged 14, and her 
son, aged 10, are a great help to her in running 
her home. 

Sue Slaughter continues with her work as 
Chairman of the Associated Charities in Norfolk. 

Rebecca White Falsh writes that she is a busy 
housewife with two daughters, one 14 and the 
other 10. 

Mary Pinkerton Kerr is spending the summer 
at the University of Virginia where she will con- 
tinue her work for her M.A. in biology. 

Dr. Margueretta Ribble is practicing medicine 
in Kansas where she is specializing in psychiatry. 
She has adopted a child. 

My husband and I spent a week in Charleston, 
South Carolina, after Easter. While there I saw 
Dorothy Wallace Ravenel, ex-'14, and Antoinette 
Camp Hagood, "16, took us to see many beauti- 
ful gardens. 

Dr. Connie Guion, honorary member of the 
class of 1913, has been appointed Chief of the 
Cornell Clinic at Cornell Medical Center. She 
is the first woman ever to hold that po'sition, and 
we are very proud of her. 

Vivian Moseman Groves, ex-'13, had as her 
guest early in May her former roommate, Lorine 
Eikenberry Wilmer, Academy, her husband and 
two sons. Vivian's daughter plans to enter Sweet 
Briar in 1936. 

Meta Bryan Graves. ex-'13, writes that bring- 
ing up three sons — 14, 11, and 9 — is her career. 

Louise Glass Marzoni, ex-'13, has two sons. 

Dunbar Aviritt Annan, ex-'13, is living at their 
family place in Cumberland, Mainland. She 
has one son, aged 7. 

Bessie Grammer Torrey. 

Lucian Thomson. 11, Alice Greenleaf. and Frances 
Swain, children of Alice Swain Zell, '14 

Alumnae News 



Class Secretary, Henrietta Washburn, 2030 
Delaney Place, Philadelphia. 

Rebecca Patton spent several weeks in Florida 
this winter. 

Laura Portman Mueller, accompanied by Mr. 
Mueller, visited the campus this spring. 

Theodosia Clark, ex-'14, is living in Evanston 
and is working in a Tourist Bureau. 

Sallie Miller Bennett, ex-" 14, is living in 
Charleston, South Carolina. 

Florence Anderson, ex-'14, is a Social Service 
worker in the Philadelphia General Hospital. 


Class Secretary, Harriet Evans Wychoff (Mrs. 
G. Bernard), 3252 S Street, N. W., Washing- 
ton, D. C. 

It has been great fun hearing from three of 
1915 and I only hope before the next copy of 
the News goes to press Fll have lots more chat 
of our members and ex-raembers as I'm going 
back to college for finals. 

Frances Pennypacker writes she is still busy as 
laboratory technician at Wilmington hospital 
and has an assistant. She would like to have 
come back for reunion but is saving her pennies 
to attend the first convention of The American 
Society of Laboratory Technicians, which meets 
in Chicago June 12th and 13th. 

Louise Weisiger writes she is always too rushed 
this time of year to get back to college, as she 
is still assistant principal of Thomas Jefferson 
High School in Richmond. 

Clare Erck Fletcher writes from Leesburg, 
Florida, she is very happy bringing up her little 
daughter of three and a half and directing a 
large Choral Club which gave as its Spring con- 
cert Gilbert & Sullivan's lolanthe. She also 
teaches vocal. She finds farming not very re- 
munerative these days. 

Hester Anderson Parsley, ex-'15, had twins, 
born last November. This makes five children. 

Dorothy Brothers Kelley, ex-'15, accompanied 
by her husband, stopped at the college for a 
day during April on their way to their home in 
Cleveland. Harriet Evans Wychoff. 

7 HE Ideal hotel for 
students and faculty 
members visiting Washing- 
ton. Located on Capitol 
Plaza only a few minutes 
walk from the Capitol, Li. 
brary of Congress and Folger 
Shakespeare Library. Con- 
venient to shopping and the- 
atre districts. 


Excellent Service and 





Sweet Briar College 

Jared Irwin Wood. Jr., the eight months old son 

of Rachael Forbush Wood. ex-"16. with his Aunt 

Edith (Edith Forbush, ex-"18) 


Class Secretary', Felecia Patton, Beechmoor, 
Catlettsburg, Kentucky. 


Class Secretary, Virginia Sandmeyer Hudson 
(Mrs. John H.), 1007 North Main Street, Carroll- 
ton, Missouri. 

Bertha Pfister Wailes plans to attend Columbia 
University this summer to continue her work to- 
ward a Ph.D. 

Virginia Sandmeyer Hudson has a child six- 
teen months old. 


Class Secretary, Margaret McVey, 1417 Grove 
Avenue. Richmond, Virginia. 

Amy Elliott Jose, ex-'lB, is successfully running 
a Book Club. 

Dorothy Day Molineux, ex-'18, has moved from 
Cleveland to 99 Elizabeth Street, Hartford, Con- 


Class Secretary. Louise Hammond Skinner 
(Mrs. Frederick H.), 333 57th Street, Newport 
News. Virginia. 

Elizabeth Eggleston has been spending some 
time with the Ralph Adams Cram's at their home 
in Sudbury, Massachusetts. This winter Eliza- 
beth will be associated with the Dorothea Day 
Watkins Private School in Hampden-Sydney. The 
children for this school will range in age from 
six to twelve years and Elizabeth will instruct 
them in Marionettes and Dramatics. Elizabeth 
has been working this spring toward reviving 
and building up an interest among the Negroes 
of Prince Edward County in the best of their old 
spirituals. She hopes to build to a real festival 
of Negro music for this county. 

Class Secretary, Dorothy Wallace, 4004 Round 
Top Road, Northwood, Baltimore, Maryland. 

Helen Beeson Comer has a daughter, bom on 
January 20. She has been named Catherine 
Clara Comer. 

Dorothy Wallace spent several days on campus 
the last of May. 


Class Secretary, Maynette Rozelle Stephenson 
(Mrs. James A.), 1220 Tecumseh .Avenue, South 
Bend. Indiana. 

Margaret Buriiell Graves spent a day on camp- 
us this spring. 

Dorothy Job Robinson had as her guests dur- 
ing May Amy n'iUiams Hunter, '25, and her 
husband. Dorothy has been doing family wel- 
fare work in connection with the Woman's In- 

Ruth Geer Boice, ex-'21, spent May Day on 


Class Secretan'. Burd Dickson Stevenson (Mrs. 
Frederick J.), 608 Maple Lane, Shields, Penn- 

Maylon Newby Pierce has moved to Coral 
Gables to live. 

Margaret Menk is working in a Gift Shop at 
her home in Pittsburgh. 

Amy Smyth and Lilias Shepherd both spent 
several days on campus the May Day week-end. 

Class Secretary, LaVern McGee Onley (Mrs. 
Alfred C, Jr.), 831 H. Avenue, Coronado Beach, 

Gertrude Geer Bassett was on campus for May 


Class Secretary, Eleanor Harned Arp (Mrs. 
Louis Croft), 1525 29th Street, Moline, Illinois. 

Marion Swannelt Wright spent a day on camp- 
us this spring while touring through Virginia. 

Gwendolyn Watson Graham has a second son, 
born April 18. 

Mollie Stark, the two year old daughter of 
Louise Ifolf Stark, ex-'25 

Alumnae News 


Harold James Carrington has a son, born re- 

Carolyn Flynn Eley has a son, Frederick 
Henrj', born last August 25. 

Virginia Lewis ex- "24, is now Mrs. J. A. 
Scofield and has moved to West Los Angeles 
to live. 


Class Secretaiy, Jane Becker Clippinger (Mrs. 
John C), 4021 LaCrosse Lane, Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Isabel Greason is now Mrs. L. J. Cooper and 
is still living in Essex Falls. 

Elizabeth MacQueen Nelson spent several days 
on campus during May. 

Maiy Elizabeth Welch is now Mrs. S. P. Hemp- 
hill and lives in Nicholasville, Kentucky. 

Ruth Taylor Franklin has a son, Donald Cam- 
eron, Jr., born on December 5, 1932. 

Gertrude McGiffen MacLennan with her two 
sons stopped at the college on her way from 
Florida, where she spent the winter, to her home 
in Milwaukee. 

Dorothy Leatham Nelson, ex-"25, visited her 
brother this winter at his home in Summit, New 
Jersey. She stopped at the college on her way 
home with Loiuse Wade, e-X-"25. 

Ethel Hook Invin, ex-'25, has moved from Pitts- 
burgh to Beaver, Pennsylvania, to live. 

Class Secretary, Mary Bristol Graham (Mrs. 
Lawrence B.), Dorchester Road, East Aurora, 
New York. 

Edna Lee Wood, accompanied by Mr. Wood, 
spent several days on campus the end of May. 

Dorothy Bailey Hughes has moved to Cleveland, 
Ohio, to live. Her new address is 3048 Chad- 
burne Road, Shaker Heights, Cleveland. 

Margaret Posey was married on April 12 to 
Mr. Henry Clarence Brubaker and has moved to 
216 East King Street, Lancaster, Pennsylvania. 

Margaret Elliot Manning is completing, this 
June, a course in art at the University of South 

Martha Bachman McCoy has an article in the 
May issue of the Junior League Magazine en- 
titled "Look Away Down South." 

Mary Loughry Arthur has a son, Thomas Ford, 
born April 29. 

Adelaide Douglas Rushton has returned to her 
home in Birmingham, after spending some time 
with her parents in Washington, D. C. 

Helen Haseltine is doing special work at the 
University of Chicago and at the Juvenile Court 
in Chicago. 


Class Secretaiy, Pauline Payne, 233 Kevin 
Place, Toledo, Ohio. 

Man' Vizard Kelley has moved from New 
Rochelle to Scarsdale, New York, to live. 

Caroline Compton visited Mildred Stone Green, 
'30, at her home in Natchez, Mississippi, during 
garden week this spring. 

Sue Milligan Hutchinson has a son, bom last 

Elise Morley Finke has made several trips to 
New York this winter. 

Janet MacKain Allen has moved from Orange 
to Montclair, New Jersey. 

Priscilla Kelley, die ten months old daughter of 
Kathaiyn Norris Kelley, '26 

Julia Reynolds Dreisbach, ex-'27, has moved 
from Flushing, Long Island, to 4336 Tacoma 
Avenue. Foit Wayne, Indiana. 

Marion Miller, ex-'27, was married on Februaiy 
15 to Mr. W. Witt Barbee of Norfolk, and has 
moved to 2011 Park Avenue, Richmond. 

Nancy Campbell Schrider, ex- "27, writes that 
she has two little girls, Bess Ann and Rosalie. 

Class Secretaiy, Helen Davis, 507 West Second 
Street, Muscatine, Iowa. 

Bess Lowrance was on campus for a day on 
her way to her home from spending some time 
in Washington, D. C. 

Lillian Lee Wood has returned to New York 
to continue studying painting at the Art Students 

Ann Beth Price Clark and Mr. Clark will 
spend the summer in Mexico, where Mr. Clark 
will study the economic conditions of that 

Clarisse Ellis has been elected the President 
of the Salt Lake branch of the American As- 
sociation of University Women. 

Betty Prescott Balch has a son, James, born 
on Februaiy 24. 

Jean W iiliamson Bridges has a son, Frank 
Gordon, III, born on March 19. 

Maiy Lee spent the May Day week-end on 


Class Secretaiy, Anna Torian, 1802 North 
Talbott Avenue, Indianapolis, Indiana. 

First of all, I want to thank those of you who 
responded to my plea. I appreciated it no end 
and I hope you will remember me in time for 
the fall issue, which goes to press the first day 
of October. And how about some new recruits'? 
We would like to hear from all of you. 

An now for business. There are several mar- 
riages to report this time, in spite of the de- 

Adela Dillard ("Pet") Sheppard was married 
to Mr. Edmund Strudwick Nash, Jr., on Satur- 
day, April 22, at St. Paul's Episcopal Church, 
Winston-Saleni. They are living in Hemp, North 


Sweet Briar College 

Lee Sidman sent me an announcement of her 
marriage to Mr. Herbert LeRoy Smith, Jr., which 
took place on April 19, in Montclair, New Jersey. 

Beulah Ii-ving was mamed to Dr. Robert James 
Vaughan, I.I.S.N., on April 26, in Portsmouth, 
Virginia. They will spend the summer in Ithaca, 
while Dr. Vaughan takes a course at Cornell 
University. This fall they will be in Washington, 
D C, at the U. S. Naval Hospital. 

Edna Earl McGehee, ex-'29, was married on 
April 8, to Mr. Joseph Lawson Pleasants, Jr. 

And there were several Sweet Briar daughters 
born lliis year. Maiy Fulton Garstang. ex-'29, 
has a beautiful baby daughter, Mary Pierson, 
bom on March 8. 

Margaret Monciire Johnson has a daughter, 
Margaret Moncure, born on January 4. 

Alwyn Redmond Barlow is planning to take 
her fourteen-months-old daughter, Sallie Boyce, 
to commencement this year to witness the gradua- 
tion of Ahvyn"s sister, Mildred Redmond. Jessie 
Exley Wooten spent a week with the Barlows at 
their home in East Point. Georgia, last month. 

Janet Bruce Bailey writes that she has a son, 
Peter Gregory, born on April 6. 

Adelaide Henderson Cabaniss and her husband 
are going to spend week-ends this summer cruis- 
ing off the South Carolina coast and exploring 
the historic islands thereabouts in their sail boat. 

"Dot" Joliffee Uraer enjoyed a reunion, after 
five years, with Alice Harrold, '28, recently. Alice 
was visiting in Washington and looked "Dot" 
up when she went through Frederick, Mainland. 

Kate Coe has just returned from a trip to 
California via the Panama Canal. She visited 
many interesting places on the way, including 
South America and Mexico. 

Mary Shelton Clark stopped at the college with 
her son, George, Jr., en route to her home in 
Boston after spending a month in Chattanooga. 

Amelia Poe Woodward was mamed on May 6 
to Mr. Maurice Davier, and has moved to Plain- 
field, New Jersey, to live. 

Nora Lee Antrim and Hallet Gubelman were 
on campus May Day week-end. 

Ella Parr Phillips has been spending a month 
in New York City. 

Emily Braswell has returned from a cruise to 
the West Indies and also an air trip that cov- 
ered more than 18,000 miles, going 900 miles a 
day. This trip took in British Guiana, French 
Guiana, Brazil, Paraguay, Urugway, Argentina, 
Chile, Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia and 

Louise Dcdley Sturhahn has moved from Char- 
lottesville, Virginia, to Atlanta, Georgia. 

Hulda Williams Lambert accompanied by Mr. 
Lambert stopped at Sweet Briar on her way 
from Florida to her home in New York City. 

Louise Chapman Plamp, ex-'29, has twin girls, 
born on Januaiy 20. They have been named 
Barbara and Lydia and are entered for Sweet 
Briar, 1950. 

Helen Louise Pike, ex-'29, has announced her 
engagement to Mr. Sherod B. Scott. 

Jane Dillon, ex-"29, has announced her engage- 
ment to Mr. Richard Johnston. 

Margaret McKay, ex-'29, is now Mrs. George 
E. Clifford and is living in Portsmouth, Ohio. 

Charlene Steele, ex-'29, was married April 1 
to Mr. John Bayly Tayse, Jr., in Fort Worth, 

Lois Mcllroy is doing secretarial and statistical 
work for Butler Bros., wholesale merchandise 
firm, in Chicago. 

Gert Prior has been working on her Master's 
at the University of Pennsylvania this winter 
and is planning to be at Sweet Briar at com- 
mencement. She tells me that they have organ- 
ized an Alumnae Club in Trenton now. Bravo! 
Martha Dabney Jones is doing United Thank 
Offering work for the Episcopal Church in 
Oregon. She does young peoples" work for an 
area of about 6,000 miles, which she says is 
"mostly sage brush, juniper trees and Indians." 
She is going back to Virginia for her vacation in 
August this year. Her address out there is 1420 
Pacific Terrace, Klamath Falls, Oregon. 

Barbara Boyer Backus, ex-'29, announced her 
engagement to Mr. Edward Huntington Jewett, 
Jr., on February 11, in Detroit. 

This winter I went down to New Orleans for 
Mardi Gras. There I ran into Bonnie Mathews, 
'28. She is married and living in New Orleans 
now. Then spent a month in Sewanee. 

Hope I'll run into some of you all at the 
World's Fair this summer. 

Nan Torian. 
Due to the resignation of Merry Curtis as 
Class Secretary the Council takes pleasure in 
announcing the appointment of Mai7 Macdonald 
as the new Secretai7 for 1930. Her address is 
1503 Duncan Avenue, Chattanooga. Tennessee. 

Katryne Blake Moore has a son, Edward Blake, 
born March 31. 

Alice Tucker Jones will be married on June 
28 to the Reverend George Alfred Taylor, rector 
of St. Paul's Episcopal Church. Albany, New 

Mary Huntington has announced her engage- 
ment to Mr. Edmund Webster Hanison. 

Jane Callison Smith has a daughter, Sarah 
Callison, born March 29. 

Helen Smith Miller has moved to Albrook Field, 
Canal Zone, to live. 

Alice Barber is a case worker for the United 

Meriy Curtis is a case worker with Bureau of 
Public Welfare. 

The Alumnae Association records with deep 
regret the death of Mary Clark Feree ex-"30. 

Frances Barnett, ex-'30, will be married on 
June 24 to Lieutenant George Dakin Crosby. 

Lisle Turner, ex-'30, will graduate this June 
from Vanderbilt University. 

Josephine Abernethy Turrentine, ex-'30, has a 
son, Walter W., Jr., born May 7. Her daughter, 
Josephine, was the first child born to a member 
of the class of 1930. 

The following girls returned for the May Day 
week-end: Norvell Royer Orgain, Caroline Martin- 
dale, Elizabeth Williams, Elizabeth Stevenson, 
Telia Barksdale, Myra Marshall, and Gratia Geer 
Howe, ex-'30. 

Class Secretary, Martha von Briesen, 4436 
North Stowell Avenue, Milwaukee, Wisconsin. 



Sweet ^riar Hfouse 
Ol)e Oak C3ree C3l)e (Tabiu 



879 Park Avenue Baltimore, Maryland 

<3Dn &alc at alumnae <Dttice 


Sweet Briar College 

Does Your Annual 

Reflect Credit 

On Your School ? 

By careful planning money can be 
saved and a book of high quality pro- 
duced at reasonable cost. 

School publications are our specialty, 
and our artist-engravers will be glad to 
show you the most economical way. 

Nearly 100 books engraved in 1931. 
There must be a reason. Write us for 

Lynchburg Engravins 

Lynchburg, Virginia 

Charlotte Kent was manied on June 17 to Mr. 
Thomas Pinckney. Jessie Hall and Marjorie 
Miller, '32, were both in the wedding party. 

Martha McBroom Shipman has a son, Franklin 
L., Jr., born May 17. 

Marjorie Webb is doing case work for the 
Family Welfare Association in Baltimore, Mary- 

Jean Cole has been the assistant stage manager 
for a Stock Company in Nashville, Tennessee. 

Jane Muhlberg will be married on June 29 to 
Mr. Albert Nast Halverstadt. 

Mai-y Whitfield Pearsall was maiTJed on June 
10 to Mr. Jack Wingate Smith. Margaret Way- 
land, '33, was her maid of honor. 

Martha van Briesen spent part of her spring 
vacation visiting Nancy Worthington at Sweet 

Elizabeth Goff, ex-'31, was married to Mr. 
Donald Neuhall on June 17. 

Polly Swjft Calhoun, ex-'31, has a son, David 
Swift, bom May 14. 

The following girls returned to the campus for 
the May Day week-end: Jane Muhlberg, Natalie 
Roberts, Helen Lawrence, Elizabeth Conover Grat- 
ten, Peronne Whittaker, Elizabeth Clark, and 
Ella WiUiams. 


Class Secretary, Dorothy Smith, P. O. Box 
1395, Charlottesville, Virginia. 

Jane White has announced her engagement to 
Mr. William Christie Hen-on, II, of Beverly Hills, 

Marcia Patterson spent part of her spring 
vacation at Sweet Briar. 

Hazel Stamps spent several days on campus 
this spring. 

The following girls were on campus over the 
May Day week-end : Alice Weymouth, Betsy Hig- 
gins, Nancy Wilson, Virginia Bellamy, Virginia 
ffoH Lindley, Elizabeth Doughtie, Mildred Gib- 
bons, Mary Moore Pancake, Emily Maxwell, Sue 
Burnett, Alice Dabney, Sally Ainsworth, Irene 
Kellog, Eleanor Mattingly, Helen Pratt, Sarah 
Harrison, Susan Marshall, and Elizabeth Douglas. 

Sarah Phillips spent several days on campus 
the last of May. 

Susie Nash, ex-'32, graduated this June from 
the University of Virginia. 

Eleanor Nolle, ex-'32, has returned from a 
round-the-world cruise. 


Class Secretary, Mary Elizabeth Clemens, Shep- 
herd Hills, Chattanooga, Tennessee. 

Lucy Oliver, ex-'33, was on campus for May 

Kathleen Carmichael was married on June 14 
to Lieutenant George Robinson Mather. 

Mildred Hodges, ex-"33, stopped at Sweet Briar 
on her way to join Sarah Harrison, '32, jn New 
\ork City, where they remained for several weeks. 

Isabelle Neer, ex-'33, has announced her en- 
gagement to Mr. Robert B. Semple of St. Louis. 

Glen Worthington, ex- '33. graduated this June 
with Phi Beta Kappa honors from the University 
of Texas. 

Mary Nelson Neville, ex-'33, graduated this 
June from the Un,iversity of Missouri with the 
degree of Bachelor of Fine Arts in Interior Deco- 

Betty Attaway, ex- '33, graduated this June from 
the LIniversity of Missouri with the degree of 
Bachelor of Journalism. 

Elizabeth Ratcliff, ex-'33, also graduated from 
the University of Missouri. 

Frances Nevelle, ex-'33, and Marjorie Kay, ex- 
'33, will both graduate this June from the Uni- 
versity of Texas. 

Jane Morrison, ex-'33, was on campus several 
days this spring. 

Virginia Alford, ex- '33, was maiTied recently 
to Mr. George Johnston and has moved to Hous- 
ton, Texas. 


Class Secretary, Connie Bui"well, Sweet Briar, 

Angelia Morrison, who has been at home this 
winter, spent the last week of May in New York 

Louise Greenwood and Helen Murray were on 
campus for a few days the middle of April. 

Hortense Hostetter has returned from California 
to her home in Wichita, Kansas. 

Peachie Hanna stopped over for a day's visit 
on campus as she was returning from her winter 
in Florida. 

Mary Lee Ryan, who has been attending West- 
em College this year, is planning to return to 
Sweet Briar this Eall. 

Carolyn Lawerence and Maiy Higgins motored 
down from New Jersey and were on campus a 
few days during the first week of May. 

Martha Diehl has returned to her home in 
Cincinnati, Ohio, after spending the Winter at 
Miami Beach. 


/ give and bequeath absolutely to Sweet Briar Institute, a 
Corporation created by the State of Virginia, and having its 
College at Sweet Briar, in Amherst County, Virginia, the sum 

of $ , to be invested and from time to time 

re-invested by said Corporation as it shall deem best, and to 

be called the Endowment Fund. The 

interest and income therefrom shall be applied by said Cor- 
poration to the payment of the salaries of its teachers as it 
shall deem expedient. 

I give and bequeath absolutely to Siveet Briar Institute, a 
Corporation created by the State of Virginia, and having its 
College at Sweet Briar, in Amherst County, Virginia, the sum 

of $ -- , to be used and appropriated by said 

Corporation for its benefit in such manner as it shall deem 
to be most useful. 

I give and bequeath absolutely to Siveet Briar Institute, a 
Corporation created by the State of Virginia, and having its 
College at Sweet Briar, in Amherst County, Virginia, the sum 

of $ , to be invested and from time to time 

re-invested by said Corporation as it shall deem best, and to 

be called the : Scholarship Fund, the 

interest and income to be applied by said Corporation to the 
aiding of its deserving students in Sweet Briar Institute or 

OPICY leaves of 
TURKISH tobacco 
are strung to dry 
and cure in the sun. 

vVe//^ ma^s somemi/?^ 

aaou^ c/'^are//es Y /?ei^er ^i 

X'd never thought much about 
^vhat's inside a Chesterfield cigarette. 
But I have just been reading some- 
thing that made me think about it. 

Just think of this, some of the 
tobacco in Chesterfield — the Turk- 
ish — comes from 4000 miles away! 
And before it is shipped every single 
leaf is packed by hand. All because 
Turkish tobacco is so small and 

Of course I don't know much 
about making cigarettes, but I do 
know this — that Chesterfields are 

© 1933, Liggett & Myers Tobacco Co. 


milder and have a very pleasing 
aroma and taste. They satisfy — and 
that's what counts with me! 

Alumnae News 

Sweet Briar College 


The Current Issue is 

The Virginia Quarterly 


w October . . , 



Walter Millis, author of "The Martial Spirit," states brilliantly but simply what has 
happened to America since March, in "The Roosevelt Revolution." 


Jesse Stuart's poems in manuscript have already won the praise of a number of dis- 
tinguished poets. "Man With a Cutter Plough" is his first considerable contribution to 
a national magazine. 


Lionel Stevenson describes the personalities of an earlier Mauve Decade — the 182.0's, 
after the great romantics had died and before the Earnest Victorians had begun. 


W. W. Ball, Charleston editor, tells what lies back of the South's voltijace on the liquor 
question, in "The 'Dry South' Dampens." 


Did the United States lose its honor in repudiating the "gold clause"? Garrard Glenn, 
well-known lawyer, explains for laymen the rights of the state in regulating its money. 


In "The New Middle Ages," John Cournos describes the work of Nikolai Berdiayev, a 
philosopher of history widely known in Europe, whose work will shortly be published 
in America. 


"Industry in Tlaquepaque" is a brilliant description of folk-life and handicraft industry 
in a Mexican village, by an American industrialist, Cyrus McCormick, grandson of 
the inventor. 


An authority on the subject, Mary Austin collects, with her comments the salty prov- 
erbs and pungent maxims of the Indians and Spanish of the Southwest. 


"In all English literature no writer has been more neglected than Thomas Deloney," 
writes Llewelyn Powys, and proceeds to cite chapter and verse to prove Deloney 's 


Poetry by Josephine Pinckney and John A. Holmes, and fifty pages of book reviews by 
Hervey Allen, Babetie Deutsch, James Southall Wilson, and others. 

See fo 


Yourself g^ 

Send this coupon to : 

The Virginia 
Quarterly Review 

I West Range 
University, Virginia 

$3 a year 

$5 two years 

To the Virginia Quarterly Revieiv: 

Please enter my subscription for ™oye.«s beginning -with 
the October number. 



[Secured bv the Sweet Briar Alumnae Association] 



Volume hi 

OCTOBER, 1933 

Number i 

\tvienne Barkalow Breckenridge, 'iS, Editor 


President Glass's Letter 

A personal message to the alumnae on per- 
tinent affairs at Sweet Briar College. 

The Virginia Quarterly Review .... 
"Nearly ten years ago the late President 
Alderman of the University of \'irginia, 
and James Southall Wilson, Poe Professor 
of English at the University, determined 
to start a certain kind of magazine." 

The Sweet Briar Alumnae Fund .... 
Kathri-n Morris Kellev, 'z6, describes the 
ptirpose and organization of the newest 
project of the Alumnae Association. 

After College What? 

The General Director tells some interesting 

facts concerning the American Association 

of Univxrsitv Women 

The Soci-^l Deterrent of Our National Self- 


Jane Addams writes interestingly of the 

former attitude in contrast to the present- 

dav point of view. 

From the Office or the Registrar 

Facts about Registration for 1933-34. 




Edna Lee Wood 

(Mrs. John Clark), 'i6 

60 Gramercy Park, New York City 

First Vke-Prisident 

Katharyn Norris Kelley 

(Mrs. Stillman F. 11), '2.6 

Clark Road, Babson Park 

Wellesley Hills, Massachusetts 

Second Vice-President 

Alice Weymouth, '32. 

151 Central Avenue, Flushing, 

New York 

Jeanette Boone, 'xy 
Sweet Briar, Virginia 

Alumnae Secretary 
ViviENNE Barkalow 

Breckenridge, '18 
Sweet Briar, Virginia 

Members of the Council 

Margaret B-inister, '16 

Sweet Briar, Virginia 

Gertrude Dally, '2.2. 

242- Noble Avenue 

Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 

Dorothy Keller, '±6 

115 South Lexington Avenue 

Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 

Gertrude Prior, '2.9 

Z9 Fisher Place, Trenton, New Jersey 

Margaret McVey, 'iS 

(Honorary Member) 

1417 Grove Avenue, 

Richmond, Virginia 



Sweet Briar College 
Sweet Briar, Virginia 
office of the president 

September 2.8, 1935 
Dear Alumnae: 

The first of everything has occurred at college again, the first Chapel, the first class, 
the first Sunday service, the first fit of homesickness, the first throw from a horse — not 
serious — the first spoon bread ! The seniors are rather acutely aware that Alma Mater 
is busv turning them into alumnae; the new freshmen seem not to suspect the fate that 
awaits them, but we begin to see them fitting into life after college. 

Rains were plentiful, the world at Sweet Briar was green and beautiful when we 
came back. The only new building was the upper half of the Bookshop Building 
which adds greatly to the looks of the campus, and furnishes attractive apartments 
to Mr. and Mrs. Barker and Miss Stochholm. 

There are five new faculty members: Mr. Ernest R. Zechiel in music; Mr. Cameron 
King in speech and drama; Miss Lois Wilcox in art; Miss Nancy Cole in mathe- 
matics, and Miss Cecile Conklin in biology. 

We look forward to our new alumnae members on the Board of Overseers who are 
to be appointed this year and expect much of their eagerness and ability. They can be 
assured of a warm welcome. The inauguration of the Alumnae Fund, so wisely begun 
at this ven,' time of keen appreciation of the use and need of money, also makes this a 
memorable year in Alumnae history. 

These two occurrences in 1933-34 make me inevitably review the alumnae accom- 
plishments of the last seven years: a permanent campus office; a full-time secretary, 
maintained by the Association itself — and this is as wise as noteworthy in the story 
of the alumnae activities; a gift of $75,000 to the endowment of the college; $45,000 to 
complete the fund that gave the Daisy Williams Gymnasium; increase of the Manson 
Memorial Alumnae Scholarship; an alumnae quarterly that attracts favorable notice 
wherever it is seen; full and up-to-date records of alumnae and alumnae activities; 
recognition for vour association on national and regional bodies as evidenced by your 
secretary being the regional director for District III of the American Alumni Council. 

Naturally the Board knows where good Overseers are to be found, and equally 
naturally you have embarked with confidence upon a sound and effective plan of 
financing your own support and support for your college, because you have proved 
what you can do. 

As you busy yourselves with municipal, national and international matters 
through your membership in other organizations that are extremely active this year, 
I know you will keep one hand busied upon the interest of your own alma mater, so 
largely the impetus toward your service in all the rest. 

Come to college in the body if you can. Come home in the spirit often. 

Faithfully yours, 

Sweet Briar College 

October, igj^ 

The Virginia Quarterly Review 

J-N EARLY ten years ago the late Presi- 
dent Alderman of the University of 
Virginia, and James Southall Wilson, Poe 
Professor of English at the University, 
determined to start a certain kind of maga- 
zine. It was to be a magazine of as high 
quality as any the country produced. It 
was to be a Southern magazine. But it was 
to be what no Southern magazine since 
Poe's Southern Literary Messenger could 
fairly claim to be — a nationally read 
journal of literature and discussion. In 
April, 1915, the first issue of The Virginia 
Quarterly Review was mailed out to its 

Looking back on the Virginia Quar- 
terly's first nine years of publishing, I be- 
lieve I can find two major policies which 
have dictated the day-to-day decisions of 
its editors. They have persistently assumed 
that a magazine could be distinctively 
Southern without being "provincial," 
just as a college might be distinctively 
Southern without being provincial, or — 
to change the comparison — just as a 
magazine like the London Mercury is dis- 
tinctively English without being pro- 

Two groups of people would object to 
such a solution of the problem — as the 
editors well knew in advance. On the one 
hand, there would be all those who assume 
that the "American" point of view is 
descended solely from the New England 
culture. "Thy rocks and wooded hills," 
etc. But anybody with a rudimentary 
knowledge of our national history knows 
that, much as New England has con- 
tributed to the mind and manners of 
America, another important cultural 
stream rose in a very different quarter. 
And contrary to the recollection of many 
Americans, it rose earlier than New En- 
gland Puritanism. For the Mayflower, 
while a tidy ship, did run behind schedule 
■ — if it was trying to bring the founding 
fathers. In 1607 a group of Englishmen 
settled Virginia, a "country" which, by 
the way, has lived more years under the 
English flag than under the American. 
Twelve years later, in 1619, the Dutch 
sold these Englishmen some African slaves. 


And who shall say that no cultural stream 
entered America that year? The year after 
the Negroes arrived, but with a great deal 
more publicity, the Mayflower anchored 
off Plymouth Rock. 

In the years to come, the tradition of 
1607, enriched by that of 1619, combined 
to form a distinctive culture — so dis- 
tinctive that it actually was to go to war 
with i6io! The i6io tradition ultimately 
gained the upper hand, at least temporar- 
ily, in stamping the national character as 
a whole. But it is bad history to forget 
the flow of that other cultural stream, 
both South and West, that carried the 
Virginian ideal of the good life through- 
out this continent. Vachel Lindsay did not 
forget it when he wrote "The Virginians 
Are Coming Again." American men and 
women do not forget it when they send 
their sons and daughters by the thousands 
from the South, from the West, and from 
the North, to Virginia colleges. The 
editors of the Virginia Quarterly thought it 


'•. -f^ii 

Alumnae News 


would be worth while to interpret the 
American scene and America's contempo- 
rary problems in the light of that oldest of 
all American traditions. And no magazine 
in America was doing it. 

But in addition to the people who as- 
sume that whatever forms of thought and 
manners that do not trace back to the 
Mayflow^er, are "provincial" and "sec- 
tional," there was — for the editors — the 
even more dangerous group of Southerners, 
self-appointed protectors of the Southern 
tradition, sacred Vestals — both male and 
female — guarding the sacred flame. No 
"Southern magazine" would deserve their 
accolade which did not concern itself pre- 
ponderantly with genealogy, the lost 
cause. Southern charm, and the multiple 
superiorities of God's most recently chosen 
people. That, the editors were quite de- 
termined the magazine would not be. The 
fact that its editors were Southerners 
seemed to them a sufficient guarantee that 
the mood and point of view of the maga- 
zine would reflect the interests and ideals 
of more than three centuries' historical de- 
velopment. But surely any reader. North- 
ern or Southern, worth considering, would 
insist that the whole world is the proper 
field for discussion in such a magazine; 
and that whether a writer were born in the 
South, the North, the West, or in Siberia, 
is less important than what he has to say 
and how he says it. 

Between Scylla and Charybdis, then, the 
Quarterly's board has tried to steer the 
ship; between the "American" who thinks 
anything distinctively Southern is merely 
provincial while anything that is New 
England or New York is national, and the 
"Southerner" who is less interested in 
ideas than in proving (from a badly con- 
cealed inferiority complex) his own su- 
periority to other Americans. But, assum- 
ing, as I do, that the editors have avoided 
shipwreck on those two rocks, it still 
seemed advisable to recognize that not 
only Southern readers but Northern readers 
as well would expect more competent, and 
more genuinely critical, comment on the 
Southern scene than other American maga- 
zines are able to supply. And this thev 
have tried to furnish. 

If it will not bore the readers of this 
thumb-nail history of how a magazine 
was born, I should like to mention one 

more ingredient the editors insisted on 
throwing into the growing recipe of a 
"Southern magazine." They felt that 
those magazines in America which were 
determined to escape the vulgarity and 
cheapness of the "popular" press, had 
achieved the higher vulgarity of precios- 
ity, pseudo-intellectualism, — and were 
boring to boot. Or they went in for being 
professionally outraged, perpetually ag- 
grieved, and as stridently radical as their 
opponents were smugly conservative. The 
Virginia Qiiarterly decided that there were a 
good many intelligent men and women in 
this country who would feel that a maga- 
zine could be both intelligent and thor- 
oughly entertaining — really good reading; 
and that articles that attempted to throw 
light on the confusion of modern life ought 
to be explanation rather than denuncia- 
tion, ought to be historical rather than 

There remained exactly one problem, 
how to find the scattered readers who 
would want a first-rate magazine and who 
would pay to read it. The Virginia Quar- 
terly could not afford ballyhoo advertising: 
it needed all the money it could get, both 
from subscribers and from advertisers, to 
secure the best authors, pay them what 
their work deserved, and publish them in a 
format of appropriate distinction. But a 
good magazine, like a good book, can 
count on that most honest and eff^ective of 
all advertising — the word-of-mouth praise 
of intelligent readers. Within a few years 
of its founding. The Virginia Quarterly 
Kevieiv had subscribers in every state in the 
Union and in a score of foreign countries. 
Book publishers began to advertise their 
best offerings in its pages. It had gained 
the endorsement of men of letters every- 
where; of the best newspapers here and 
abroad; and of discriminating readers who 
were sick of the cheap, the shoddy, the 
strident, as well as of the falsely erudite, 
the "highbrow," the professionally radi- 
cal. The thing was a going concern. 

I have tried to tell what kind of maga- 
zine the founders of the Virginia Quarterly 
planned to publish, and I have spoken of 
the acclaim it has won. But the proof 
that the magazine followed the plan and 
that the success was merited remains to 
be given, and I imagine magazines like 
trees are best known [Coutimieil on page ij 

Sweet Briar College 

October, ig^^ 

The Sweet Briar Alumnae Fund 

By Kathryn Norris Kelley 'i6. 
National Chairman 

i HE OBJECT — "A financial channel 
through -which every graduate and non- 
graduate can express her loyaltv to the 
college and her belief in its future. " 

Margaret Banister, 'i6, president of the 
Alumnae Association 1917-1915, and again 
from 19x6-1930, says: "The plan of an 
Alumnae Fund is simple. It is based upon 
the idea of individual alumnae giving ac- 
cording to their abilitv to give instead of 
paying a set membership fee to the asso- 
ciation. Once a year each alumna is asked 
to make a contribution in whatever 
amount seems possible under the require- 
ments of her own budget, and in return 
the association guarantees that it will 
make no further financial demands upon 
her. Out of the sums thus contributed, 
plus the funds sent in bv alumnae clubs as 
the result of their own activities, the 
association pays its own running expenses, 
and everything over and above these 
necessary maintenance expenses is turned 
over to the college as vearlv income. A 
successfully operated alumnae fund will 
create for a college a substantial source of 
income of inestimable value, not only be- 
cause of the money involved, but because 
it constitutes a pledge of the continued 
interest and support of its alumnae. The 
alumnae fund plan has been adopted by 
practically all self-supporting and well- 
established alumni associations desirous of 
making real and definite contributions to 
the welfare and development of their 

colleges. In adopting this efficient financial 
plan, as opposed to the present haphazard 
and inadequate membership fee plan, the 
Sweet Briar Alumnae Association, which 
has long been self-supporting, will take 
another for^vard step and constitute it- 
self one of the college's most important 

Organization of the Fund 

There shall be an Alumnae Fund Com- 
mittee composed of: 

a. A national chairman. 

b. A divisional chairman for each of 
the five areas and one committee 
member selected bv the divisional 
chairman from the members of her 

c. The executive secretary and treas- 
urer of the Alumnae Association. 

d. The president of the Alumnae As- 
sociation, ex-officio. 

II. The Fund Committee shall work 
through five geographical areas; namely. 
Area i, the New England States; Area 2., 
the Middle Atlantic States; Area 3, the 
Southern States; Area 4, the Mid-\\'estern 
States; and Area 5, the South West and 
Western States. 

a. There shall be no quotas. 

b. There shall be no club solicitation. 

III. The purpose of each annual gift 
shall be determined by the Fund Com- 
mittee in consultation with the Board of 
Overseers and the Alumnae Council and 
shall be announced in the annual appeal. 

As my contribution to The Alumnae Fund for 1933-34: 

I I I enclose check for the amount I have indicated 

I I I will give amount indicated on or before May i, 1934 

Name Class 


Contributions to the Sweet Briar Alumnae Fund constitute a proper 

deduction under the U. S. Income Tax Law. 

Make Checks Payable to The Sweet Briar Alumnae Fund 

Please tear this out and return promptly to the Alumnae Office, 

S\veet Briar, \^irginia 




$ 50.00 

S 25.00 

S 10.00 

$ 5.00 

S 2.00 

October, /95J 

Aldmnae Ne'ws 


IV. Subscriptions shall be payable to 
the Alumnae Association of Sweet Briar 

a. Annual pavment to the Alumnae 
Association shall be considered to 
include dues, magazine subscrip- 
tion, and gift to the fund. 

b. The voting membership of the 
Alumnae Association comprises 
the contributors to the fund. 

V. The list of donors shall be pub- 
lished annuallv, but the amount of in- 
dividual gifts shall not be stated. 

\T. The Fund Committee shall in no 
way interfere with the work of the Clubs 
or the Clubs with the work of the Fund 

\TI. Life Memberships shall not be 

\TIL The present Life Members shall 
be considered annual contributors because 

of the interest the association receives from 
their life membership fees, but annual 
contributions may also be accepted from 


* * * 

Last June when this plan was initiated 
eight alumnae immediately came forward 
with contributions to be among the first 
to show their approval. The list is as 
follows: Martha Newton Grover, '13, 
Mar}' Del McCaw, 'i.^, Louisa Newkirk 
Steeble, '13, Wanda Jensch Harris, 'x6, 
Edna Lee Wood, 'r6, Kathryn Norris 
Kellev, 'z6, Katherine Blount, 'i6, and 
Vivienne Barkalow Breckenridge, 'iS. 

* * * 

It is hoped that the subscription blank 
on page 6 will be returned at once to 
make a grand start toward 100% contribu- 
tion in the initial vear of the Fund Plan. 

After College What? 

Bv Kathryn McHale 

Genera! Director, American Association 

of University Women 

L HIS is a quen' common in the experience 
of all college women. Membership in 
the American Association of Universitv 
Women offers one answer. It gives college 
women a medium through which to carrv 
on their social-cultural interests in out-of- 
school life. 

Devoting itself to the aims of uniting 
alumnae of different institutions for prac- 
tical work in the maintenance of high 
cultural standards in the community, 
state, and nation, the Association since 
1S82. has developed from a group of 6<i 
women to an organization of approxi- 
mately 40,000 women. It is represented in 
612. communities in the United States and 
in 37 countries of the world in its affiliation 
with the International Federation of Uni- 
versity' Women. Its national headquarters 
is in 1634 I Street, N.W., Washington, a 
building which was formerlv the Russian 
Embassy. The headquarters of the Inter- 
national Federation of Universitv Women 

is in Crosbv Hall, London, the former 
home of Sir Thomas Moore. The hospital- 
itv of these two beautiful buildings, Reid 
Hall in Pans, and the club-houses through- 
out the United States and Europe is ex- 
tended to members who are traveling. 

Membership is restricted to the gradu- 
ates of 2.47 of the 650 institutions of higher 
learning open to women. These institu- 
tions have approved academic standards 
and observe the principle of equitv in the 
recognition of women. Through its stand- 
ardization work, the influence of the 
Association on behalf of high standards in 
the collegiate education of women has been 
felt for more than fiftv years. 

The Association will welcome to mem- 
bership the graduates of this institution 
which is one of the 147 approved. Member- 
ship can be general or branch. 

Members of the Association have been 
disciplined in the field of organized and 
formal learning and it is expected that they 
will continue learning, will continue to 
seek ne\v knowledge that 'will bring to 
them further understanding of themselves, 
their families, and the {Continuec! on page }2 

Sweet Briar College 

October, ig}} 

Editorial Comment 

College Needs as Gleaned 
from the President's 

Ihe article entitled "The Sweet Briar 
Alumnae Fund" has given to you a clear 
explanation of w^hat an "Alumnea Fund" 
is and how it works. One important 
thing remains for you to realize and that is 
the value of an Alumnae Fund to a College. 
This value is two-fold; on your side it will 
give you an excellent opportunity to show 
loyalty to and appreciation of your college, 
and on the side of the college, it will bring 
security and the advantages of advanced 
planning to all alumnae activities and will 
enable the administration, so far as support 
from the fund comes into the college in- 
come, to plan urgent improvements with- 
out the uncertainty of waiting to realize 
on college fees. There may be those 
alumnae who feel that having paid their 
tuition fees while in college they have 
liquidated all obligations to the college; 
but the amount paid by each student repre- 
sents only a portion of the whole cost of 
her education; the balance is borne by the 
interest from the Endowment Fund. Pre- 
viously you received a bill for two dollars, 
now you will find a subscription blank on 
page 6 of this magazine, which it is hoped 
you will fill out with an amount according 
to your ability and willingness to further 
the cause of Sweet Briar. Bear in mind 
that you pledge nothing. What you give 
this year is not indicative of what vou 
may give next year. You might now find 
it possible to give ten dollars, whereas 
next year you might wish to increase the 
amount to a hundred or a thousand, or you 
might wish to decrease it. We fully ap- 
preciate the fact that the two dollar con- 
tribution means as much to some donors as 
a larger contribution would to others. 

The needs of the college are ever in- 
creasing. A partial list as gleaned from the 

president's office follows. The demand for 
scholarships, so large a drain on the col- 
lege income at present, is great. Sabbatical 
leave available now only to full professors, 
should be extended to associate and assis- 
tant professors. The younger members of 
the faculty have urgent need for additional 
study. The program in the Arts, made 
possible by the Carnegie Corporation grant 
for this year and next must after that be 
taken over by the college. The library no 
longer has the grant from the Carnegie 
Corporation and is now dependent on the 
college budget for books. You see there are 
many avenues for you to choose in -which 
support to your college will be most 

For these, and many more reasons, I ask 
you to reflect in the quietness of vour heart 
what Sweet Briar has meant to vou per- 
sonally. What would your present philos- 
ophy be without the background of your 
experience here? After this reflection if you 
can honestly feel that vou owe her future 
nothing it is not for me to contradict you. 

The above subject is uppermost in our 
minds now, but we wish to add here three 
further matters for our readers. 

Once more we are back home in the 
Alumnae Cabin and the latchstring is al- 
ways out. 

We urge vou to give The Virginia 
Qjmrterly Review your support, for we 
know you will be convinced of its worthy 
purpose and high merits when you have 
read Mr. Barr's article in this issue. 

When a letter from the Alumnae Office 
is forwarded to you please be sure to let 
us know, for the fact that it had to be for- 
warded is notice to you that we have an in- 
correct address for you. A card telling us 
of the new address will save us effort and 
expense and will insure your mail reaching 
you at the earliest possible date. 

October, ig}^ 

Alumnae News 

The Social Deterrent of Our National 
Self- Righteousness 

By Jane Addams 


JuR national self-righteousness, often 
honestly disguised as patriotism, in one 
aspect is part of that adolescent self- 
assertion which the United States has 
never quite outgrow^n, and which is some- 
times crudely expressed, both by in- 
dividuals and nations, in sheer boasting. 
In another aspect it is that complacency 
which we associate with the elderly who, 
feeling justified bv their own successes, 
have completely lost the faculty of self- 
criticism. Innocent as such a combination 
may be, it is unfortunate that it should 
have been intensified at this particular 
moment when humility of spirit and a 
willingness to reconsider existing institu- 
tions are so necessary to world salvation. 
To illustrate — Senator Borah suggested 
that the cancellation of war debts owed by 
the allied European nations to the United 
States be considered with the provision 
that the nations which take advantage of 
the offer shall consent to reduce their 
armaments. And yet the United States 
makes no proposition to disarm itself! 
This is doubtless due to the fact that we 
are fully convinced of our own righteous- 
ness, of our own beneficent intentions; but 
this very attitude toward ourselves may 
make the offer unacceptable to other 

It is not difficult to trace the historic 
beginning of such a national self-righteous- 
ness. The persecuted religious sects which 
first settled so much of the Atlantic Coast 
were naturally convinced that they bore 
witness to the highest truth and were 
therefore the chosen people. William Penn, 
who bought from the Indians every acre 
of land in his own royal grant, said that he 
visited the various communities "who 
were of a separating and seeking turn of 
mind," and in spite of his insistence upon 

(Editor's Note: This article is anotlier of a series ot 
articles on "Continued Education for Alumnae." 
Several of the series appeared last year in the 
Alumnae News.) 

religious freedom, he was ever surrounded 
by a good many "come-outers." These 
very separatists, from Plymouth to Phila- 
delphia, who ultimately federated into the 
Thirteen Colonies, probably achieved it 
as much through a similarity of tempera- 
ment as through a common devotion to 
political doctrines. They undoubtedly be- 
queathed both to their successors, and 
certainly the former made a very good 
foundation for this national trait. 

Another historic manifestation of the 
spirit of superiority so easily turned into 
self-righteousness, is discovered as early 
as 1830 in a national attitude toward the 
European immigrants who came over in 
ever increasing numbers until by 1913 the 
annual arrivals were over a million. A 
consciousness of superiority constantly 
tended to exalt the earlier Americans and 
to put the immigrants into a class by them- 
selves, until it became an obvious deterrent 
and was responsible for several social mal- 

First, for our tardiness in passing pro- 
tective legislation. Since every approach 
to labor problems in the United States had 
to do with immigrants because they form 
the bulk of the wage-earning population, 
it eventually came to be considered 
patriotic to oppose governmental measures 
for workmen's compensation, for unem- 
ployment insurance, and for old-age 
security. Over-crowded tenements, sweat- 
ing systems, a high infant death-rate, and 
many another familiar aspect of unregu- 
lated industry also became associated 
in the public mind with the immigrant. 
Unlike the impassioned study of poverty 
made in England during the 'So's, resulting 
in the belief that a representative govern- 
ment was performing its legitimate func- 
tion when it considered such matters, we 
in the United States in the very same 
decade, found an alibi for all of our dis- 
turbing industrial problems and put them 
off on the immigrant. 

William Penn affords an antithesis of 
all this, and presents a direct method of 

Sweet Briar College 

October, ig^j 

avoiding the difficulties of self-righteous- 
ness in his relations with the aliens w^ho 
confronted him — the North American 
Indians, for more than a century regarded 
by the New England colonies as untamed 
savages. His i86i treaty with them, im- 
pressively consummated by two self- 
respecting political entities, was made as 
between equals and was mutually binding. 
Moreover, he assured the non-English 
settlers in his colony — the Dutch, the 
Swedes, and the Germans, that "you shall 
be governed by laws of your own making, 
and live a free and if you will, sober and 
industrious people," and each group at 
once received the franchise. The laborers, 
who represented many European nationali- 
ties, were to be provided for at the expira- 
tion of their terms of service. The despised 
negro was to be free after fourteen years, 
and furnished land, tools, and stock. Wil- 
liam Penn manumitted his own slaves in 
1701. Such was his confidence in his fellow- 
man that he gave to his conglomerate 
colony the first constitution in the world 
which provided for its own amendment. 

Our national self-righteousness might 
be indicted for another policy towards 
labor — the widespread belief that differing 
opinions may be controlled by force. 
European immigrants have been held 
responsible for strikes and other industrial 
disorders, since it was assumed that they 
held all sorts of beliefs contrary to basic 
American doctrines. Therefore to scatter 
strikers by the police and even by the 
militia and the regulars came to be con- 
sidered a patriotic duty. Yet William Penn 
reached the conclusion when he was im- 
prisoned in the Tower as a young man that 
real protection lay in mutual understand- 
ing and confidence; "that love and per- 
suasion have more force than weapons of 
war. ' ' He stood for this conviction when in 
the vast wilderness stretching around him 
groups of white settlers were being at- 
tacked and sometimes massacred by the 

A third result of our national attitude 
toward the immigrant is that we have be- 
come indifferent to the protection of 
human life. Unfortunately the earliest 
outbreaks of gang violence in Chicago — 
more or less typical of those throughout 
the country — were associated with 
colonies of immigrants. Although we all 

knew that the bootleggers and other 
racketeers could not have continued with- 
out political protection, the community 
was slow to act, because so long as the 
Sicilians, who composed the first powerful 
bootlegging gang, killed only one another, 
it was considered of little consequence. 
From January 192.8 to January 1932- we had 
in Chicago 131 gang killings, in which the 
law-enforcing agencies failed to bring 
even one to trial. Such preferential treat- 
ment of crime — an obvious symptom of a 
breakdown in Democratic government — 
may be an indirect result of an unjustifiable 
habit of considering one human being of 
less consequence than another. Never was 
William Penn's ideal of religion, founded 
upon fraternity and righteousness, so 
sorely needed. 

This leads quite naturally to the fourth 
indictment arising out of our attitude 
toward the immigrant — our dilemma in 
regard to prohibition. Because the Simon- 
pure American did make an exception of 
himself, he often voted for laws which he 
would like to see enforced upon others 
without any intention of keeping them 
himself. Many Southern men voted for the 
Eighteenth Amendment because they 
wanted to keep drink away from the negro; 
other Northern men, because they needed 
sober immigrant labor. William Penn set 
an example even here. He did not sell 
liquor to the Indians because of the terms 
of an agreement which they had voluntarily 
entered into with him. In one more in- 
stance he had achieved his purpose by the 
moral cooperation of those he was trying 
to serve, and of course there is no other 

Another aspect of our national self- 
righteousness, much more sinister in its 
influence, is the demand for conformity on 
pain of being denounced as a "red" or a 
"traitor." Perhaps never before in our 
history has there been within the frame- 
work of orderly government such im- 
patience with differing opinion. Such a 
stultifying situation is more than ever 
dangerous just now when the nation needs 
all the free and vigorous thinking which is 
available. To illustrate the danger of 
holding fast to a social concept which is 
no longer useful, but which has not yet 
been superseded by the new, because the 
new one is considered dangerous. Dr. 

October, ip^^ 

Alumnae News 

Nicholas Murray Butler said within recent 
weeks to the students of Columbia Uni- 
versity, "We are living in the backwash of 
ultra nationalism following the Great 
War, ignoring the fundamental and con- 
trolling fact that the world today is an 
international world." He also quoted the 
concluding words of a report signed by 
leading members of the Finance Committee 
of the League of Nations : "It may be truly 
said that international trade is gradually 
being strangled to death. If the process 
continues, millions of people in this 
economically interlocked world must in- 
evitably die of starvation." Would it not 
be humiliating for a world to starve in the 
midst of a plethora of food because the 
constructive and collective intelligence of 
mankind was unable to make a distinction 
between political nationalism and eco- 
nomic internationalism, and serenely 
sacrificed the later to the first! 

The corrective supplied by William 
Penn on this point is very clear. Nothing 
could have been more difficult in his day 
and generation than his long advocacy 
of religious freedom — that each man must 
worship God in his own way. Religion, 
it is only fair to remember, was the ab- 
sorbing interest of the 17th century. 
Dynasties rose and fell upon theological 
issues, and great families disappeared 
when they found themselves on the side of 
the oppressed instead of the oppressor. 
Willian Penn took his stand for the free- 
dom of worship for all sects, for the Roman 
Catholics, no less than for the Quakers. 
With invincible courage he put the truth 
as God gave him to see the truth to the 
test of action, in the new world among 
alien Indians, as well as in the old. 

One could make a long list of William 
Penn's advances beyond his contempo- 
raries. In education, he was expelled from 
Oxford, because the Universities saw that 
the inspirational preacher might interfere 
with the stiff scholasticism which pro- 
duced their dull and learned clergy. Re- 
garding the education of children he ex- 
pressed ideas which might easily be 
ascribed to John Dewey or Bertrand 
Russell. In international affairs we have 
hardly caught up to him yet. A hundred 
years before the thirteen colonies were 
federated, for example, he had worked out 
a plan for a "Dyet or Parliament of Europe 

to settle trouble between nations without 
war." William Penn appealed from tradi- 
tion to experience; from intrenched 
authority to life, and in his absorbed de- 
votion to his colony, calmly followed his 
own rule, "Though there is a regard due 
to education and the tradition of our 
fathers, Truth will ever deserve, as well 
as claim, the preference." In this spirit he 
supressed the hunting of witches, declared 
the spiritual equality of men and women, 
reduced from two hundred to two the 
number of ofl^ences punishable by death, 
declared that all prisons would be work- 
shops, and literally taxed slavery out of 
existence. Such right thinking and 
courageous acting is doubtless what we 
need at this moment more than anything 
else. Sir Arthur Salter, in a recent number 
of Foreign Affairs, believes that the choice 
before the world today is between trying 
to build up world trade, based on world 
order, or moving further toward a system 
of closed units, each aiming to be self- 
sufficient. The choice of the United States 
in this world decision has come to have an 
undue influence, and yet we all know that 
there exists an overwhelming danger that 
America may leave unaided and thus 
unwantonly cripple the supreme political 
efl^ort of these later centuries — the effort 
to make international relations more 
rational and human. Several years ago at 
Williamstown, Arnold Toynbee boldly 
warned us against what he described as a 
rather low type of religion — the worship 
of some sixty or seventy gods called 
Sovereign National States, declaring that 
such idolatry of nationalism was not 
patriotism but suicide. 

I find it a great temptation to conclude 
with an exhortation to those who repre- 
sent a seat of learning; certainly the 
scholar, who is always impatient of in- 
tellectual apathy and incapacity, may find 
a formula which shall preserve "that spirit 
of nationality in which for many years the 
aspirations of man for liberty and free 
development have found their expression, 
and yet prevent the abuse of that national- 
ity which now threatens with destruction 
all that it has given or promised." Is it 
not true that the contemporary world, 
based upon the search for private profit 
and for national advantage, has come in 
conflict with the newer [Conrimm! on p,igc ;i 

Sweet Briar College 

October, ig^^ 

From the Office of the Registrar 

rj-ow is registration? Is the college full? 
Is there a good freshman class? Are 
there many changes this year? Has a 
dormitory been closed? Where are the new 
girls from? How many old girls are back? 
Such are the questions many visiting 
alumnae are asking. The same questions 
may be unspoken by numbers to whom 
the Alumnae News is a source of current 
information about Sweet Briar. 

Sweet Briar has opened the session with 
403 students, welcoming 146 new students 
to the campus this year. Although this 
means a decreased enrollment compared 
with recent years, it marks an increase over 
our estimate of last spring when it seemed 
probable that a dormitory might be closed. 
Alumnae reaching the campus during the 
night hours in these recent weeks have, 
many of them, sighed with pleasure, 
therefore, to see light gleaming from the 
windows of all dormitories. This enroll- 
ment is the result of a marked increase in 
new applications during the summer and 
of the happy sustaining of the number of 
old students returning during that time. 
During the warm days of late July and 
August the admissions office was more 
busy than in any summer within its 
memory, applications rising from 1S6 in 
late May to a total of 2.74. Although a 
number of old students withdrew there 
were others who found it possible to re- 
register, so that 2.57 old students have re- 
turned, a number equal to the average 
number of old students returning for the 
past three years. 

The new students, what are they like? 
They have come to us from twenty-seven 
states, from Cuba, the Canal Zone and 
Italy, continuing Sweet Briar's wide 
geographical representation. A larger pro- 
portion come from the South than in the 
last few years, forty-five per cent; and the 
state sending the largest number is Vir- 
ginia, from -which twentv-three ne^v stu- 
dents enter. Fourteen students come from 
other colleges and universities, four seek- 
ing junior standing and some willing to 
enter as freshmen. The new students are 
really a selected group, as for each four 

students admitted more than one applicant 
was refused. On a comparable psycho- 
logical test the new students made an aver- 
age score fourteen points higher than last 
year's entering group. All of this leads us 
to ■welcome our new students -with pride 
and ^vith the expectation of good things 
from them. 

Many of our most promising freshmen 
have come through the excellent work of 
alumnae who have aroused their interest 
in Sweet Briar. Some have come because of 
the unconscious influence of alumnae 
friends; and some have followed paths al- 
ready made by alumna sisters and relatives. 
Among the latter are the following sisters: 
Jaquelin Cochran, sister of Courtney 
Cochran, 1931; Beda F. Carlson, sister of 
Mary Lynn Carlson, 193 1; Kitty O'Brien, 
sister of Martha O'Brien, ex 1932.; Mary G. 
Petty, sister of Margaret J. Petty, cx-i<^xj; 
and Helen Worthington, sister of Nancy 
Worthington, 1931, and daughter of Pro- 
fessor Hugh Worthington. Among the 
cousins are: Mary Louise Agnew, cousin 
of Florence Moss, ex-i9i8; Barbara Kirch, 
cousin of Florence Shortau, 192.7; Elizabeth 
Lee, cousin of Martha Lee, 192.5; and Mary 
Turnbull, cousin of Mary Wilson, 19x4. 

This year nineteen applicants took Col- 
lege Board examinations as competitors 
for the freshman scholarships. Four full 
scholarships, each of which carries a 
stipend of $400.00, were awarded, — to 
Mary Helen FreaufF from St. Agatha 
School, New York City; to Lucy Gore, The 
High School, White Plains, New York; to 
Barbara Lee Jarvis, The High School, 
Westfield, New Jersey; and to Margaret 
Elliott Lewis, St. Anne's School, Char- 
lottesville, Virginia. Six other competitors 
who needed financial assistance made 
records which were promising and were 
awarded from the student emergency fund. 

Among the old students returning are 
four seniors who studied abroad last year, 
one in Germany and three at St. Andrews 
in Scotland. Among our returning students 
we have not counted the four juniors who 
represent Sweet Briar abroad this year, one 
at St. Andrews and three in Paris under 
the direction of the University of Delaware. 

October, i()^j 

Alumnae News 

Carnnng out our new plan of giving pre- 
liminary consideration to applicants before 
they enter upon their final year of prepara- 
tion. President Glass, Dr. Hudson and 
Mrs. Lill reviewed in July a considerable 
number of credentials presented by 1934 
applicants. An immediate result was that 
some candidates were advised to enter this 
year rather than to defer their entrance, 
two of whom accepted the advice and 

are now members of the freshman class. 
The reviewing of these credentials brought 
nearer reality some of the hopes which the 
faculty held last vear in approving this 
new plan. In sending to these preliminary 
applicants word of provisional acceptance, 
advice about their plans for their final 
year in secondary school, or words of 
stimulation to greater effort we felt that 
we v^^ere indeed making more smooth the 
transition from secondary school to college. 

Campus News 

Numerous changes and improvements 
have been made on campus during the 
summer. The most noticeable is the com- 
pletion of the Bookshop by the addition 
of a storv and a half to the original build- 
ing. Its blue slate roof, its dormer windows 
and its attractive chimnevs blend with and 
add to that part of campus. 

Old worn out balustrades on the roof 
of the arcade between Gray and the 
Refectorv have been replaced bv new ones. 
The exteriors of Gram met and the In- 
firmary", JNIr. Dew's house and the Music 
Building have been painted, and the 
floors in the auxiliarv rooms of the gvm- 
nasium have been refixiished. 

The overhead wiring behind Reid has 
been replaced by modern underground 
wires and a transformer vault has been 
built under the Music Building. Electric 

wiring and steam lines in the kitchen of 
the Inn have been changed and the interior 
remodeled to supply better facilities for 
increased business. 

The six solid walnut tables in the Junior 
Honor Study Room were made in the Col- 
lege Carpenter Shop from walnut trees 
grown on Sweet Briar property. 

It has been recently announced that Dr. 
Eugenie M. Morenus, head of the mathe- 
matics department, has been honored in 
being elected a Fellow of the American 
Association for the Advancement of 

Section 4 of the by-laws of the societv 
defines Fellowship in the following man- 
ner: "'All members who are professionallv 
engaged in scientific work or who have 
advanced science by research, may be 
elected bv the Council to be fellows on 





Sweet Briar College 

October, 7p5_j 

nomination or on their own application. 
This qualification is understood to have 
been met by members of affiliated societies 
having a research qualification." 

Emily Braswell '2.8 has sent to Dean 
Dutton a much appreciated gift for the 
collection of antiquities which the Class- 
ical Club is making, and which is on 
exhibit in the art room of the Mary Helen 
Cochrane Library. 

She sent an Egyptian terra cotta lamp 
from the Temple of Ammon at Karnak, 
Egypt, which is said to belong to the 
period of Setil, ruler preceding the great 
Rameses II. 

In addition. Miss Braswell has given 
two very beautiful vases from Ephesus. 

Miss Mary Dix was married on July 
5 to Mr. Ross V. Martindale. Thev are 
living in an apartment that has been made 
for them consisting of the Senior Study and 
the large room adjoining it. 

The Senior Study has been moved to the 
suite across the hall from where it was 
formerly located. 

The Class presidents are as follows; 
Marcia Morrison, of Indianapolis, senior; 
Elizabeth Johnston, of Scarsdale, junior; 
and Jacqueline Moore, of Richmond, 
sophomore. The Freshman president will 
be elected immediately following the six 
weeks examinations. 

Fergus Reid dining room has been closed 
and all students are now having their 
meals in the main refectory. 

The fall meeting of the Council of the 
Sweet Briar Alumnae Association will be 
held in The Cabin on Thursday night, 
October 16, at eight o'clock. 

The Alumnae Association wishes 
to express to Mr. Blackwell and his 
family their sincerest sympathy in the 
death of Mrs. Blackwell which oc- 
curred the early part of July. 

Concerts and Lectures 

On September 2.9 the Boston Sinfonietta, 
consisting of seventeen men from the 
Boston Symphony Orchestra led by 
Arthur Fiedler, assistant conductor of the 
Boston Symphony Orchestra, gave a con- 
cert at the college. This organization will 
be remembered as having given the first 
concert for the season last year and the 
choice of the committee to start the season 
this year with this same group was an 
excellent one. 

Mr. S. K. Ratcliffe gave a lecture on 
October 13. Mr. Ratcliffe has been de- 
scribed as one of the most distinguished of 
English journalists. In the course of his 
thirty years' journalistic career he has 
been associated with several of the most 
important dailies and weeklies in England; 
and has done editorial and special writing 
for many others — such as the London 
Daily News, the Nation, and the Observer. 
He is at present a member of the editorial 
staff of the New Statesman, which shares 

with the Spectator the first place among 
the high class English journals of opinion. 
He was editor for five years of the States- 
man, Calcutta, one of the most powerful 
daily newspapers in India; and in that 
capacity he came into contact with the 
chief makers of Indian Nationalism. In 
speaking upon "Hitler and the New Ger- 
many," Mr. Ratcliffe gave a sketch 
of Germany as he saw it the summer of 
1 93 3 , at the end of the first half of the Nazi 
Government. He dealt with the per- 
sonality of Adolf Hitler and his rise to 
supreme power, his political program, his 
racial and social doctrines. 

On November 10 Mme. Jeanne Soudei- 
kine, American Dramatic Soprano, will 
give a concert at the college. 

A faculty play will be given Thanks- 
giving night under the direction of Mr. 

Mr. Stuart Chase, the well known econ- 
omist, will lecture on December 8. 

October, ig}^ 

Alumnae News 

New Members of the Faculty 

Mr. Ernest R. Zechiel comes from the 
Curtis School of Music in Philadelphia to 
succeed Mr. Martin, who has resigned and 
gone to California. Mr. Zechiel w^as 
graduated from Oberlin College with Phi 
Beta Kappa honors, has studied in London 
under Moiseiwitsch and at the Royal Col- 
lege of Music; he has taught music at the 
Iowa State Teachers College, at Cornell 
College, and at the Riverdale School of 
Music in New York City before he was 
called to the Curtis School of Music. He 
will teach piano, advanced theory, and 

Miss Lois Wilcox, of New York City, 
has been added to the Department of Fine 
Arts. Miss Wilcox is a graduate of the 
School of the Museum of Fine Arts in 
Boston; she has studied at the Art Students' 
League in New York, at L'Ecole Mont- 
parnasse in Paris; has specialized in 
techniques of mural painting at the Scuola 
di Arti Ornamental! in Rome; and has 
studied fresco with Galemberti in Rome. 
Miss Wilcox has worked as assistant to the 
Mexican fresco painter, Orozco; and she 
has exhibited landscapes in the National 
Academy in New York. Recently Miss 
Wilcox has been doing lithographs, and 
her prints have been exhibited in many 
museums and art associations throughout 
the country. Miss Wilcox will teach Art 
i-r, and plans to give the course with 
studio practice, and students without 
special facility in artistic expression — as 
well as those with it — will be encouraged 
to do this kind of "laboratory" work for 
the enlightenment it gives. 

Mr. Cameron King has been added to the 
English staff this year. He is a graduate of 
the University of Idaho and of the Yale 
School of Drama, has taught at the 
University of Idaho, directed the Little 
Theatre of Fort Worth, Texas, for two 
years, and has been acting with the 
Theatre Guild of New York for the past 
winter and conducting his own company 
for the summer. He will offer the following 
courses at Sweet Briar this year : 

English iii-iii Fundamsntals of Speech — 
A study of the use of the speech organs, of 

breathing, tone-production, phonetics and 
diction, supplemented by practice in read- 
ing and oral interpretation. 

English 187-188 History of Drama — A sur- 
vey of the development of drama as a re- 
flection of society together with the 
physical aspects of the theatre and the art 
of acting. The course will endeavor to 
indicate the way in which social, literary, 
and artistic trends found expression in 
different periods. Some of the periods 
chronologically considered will be the 
Greek, Roman, Medieval, Renaissance, 
Elizabethan, Japanese No and Kabuki, 
English Restoration, French Classic, Eight- 
eenth Century, Romantic and Modern. 
The course will be supplemented by class 
demonstrations in period acting. 

Mr. King will also coach the plays 
given during the year. 

Miss Harpster will not be at Sweet 
Briar for 1933-34, ^"d Miss Cecile Conklin, 
who has previously taught here, will take 
her place in Biology. This w^ill entail no 
course changes. Miss Conklin holds her 
B.S. degree from the New York State 
College for Teachers, and her A.M. de- 
gree from the University of Michigan, and 
has recently taught at Goucher College in 

Miss Nancy Cole of Plymouth, Massa- 
chusetts, comes to Sweet Briar this year as 
an Instructor in Mathematics, succeeding 
Miss Moody. Miss Cole is an A.B. of 
Vassar College, holds her Master's degree 
from Radcliffe and has done additional 
work there toward her Ph.D. degree. She 
has taught at the Oxford School at Hart- 
ford, Connecticut; at Vassar, and has 
tutored at Radcliffe. 

Sweet Briar College welcomes new 
presidents to three of its neighboring in- 
stitutions; Dr. Theodore Jack to Randolph 
Macon Women's College, Dr. Bessie Carter 
Randolph to Hollins College, and Dr. 
John Lloyd Newcomb to the University of 


Sweet Briar College 

October, ig^} 

Of Books No End 

X. HE following is a selected list of recent titles on World Affairs. The quarterly maga- 
zine "Foreign Affairs" has a department entitled "Some Recent Books on International 
Relations" w^hich currently lists, with useful comments, a much larger number of books 
in this field. 

Alcala-Galiano, Aluaro, 

Armstrong, Hamilton Fish, 
Beer, Max, 
Bcrdahl, C. A., 
Bratt, K. A., 

Eddy, G. Sherwood, 
Haring, C. H. 

Harvy, Edwin D., 

Hindus, Maurice, 

Hoover, Calvin B., 
Hutchinson, Paul, 

Kavyakami, K. K. 

Kohn, Hans, 

Lengyl, E., 
Lippmann, Walter, 

Lobanov-Rostovsky, Prince A. 

Morse, H. B., and 
MacNair, H. F., 

Moulton, H. G., and 

Pasvolsky, L., 
Reid, Leonard J., 

Roucek, Joseph S., 
Schmidt, Richard, and 

Grabowsky, Adolph, editors 

Schoonmaker, Edwin D., 

, Schuman, F. L., 

Seibert, Theodore, 

The Fall of a Thotu. Butterworth, 1933 

A monarchist account of the revolution in Spain. 
Not to Be Repeated. Ray Long and Richard R. Smith, 1931 

A Who's Who and Why, covering the 150 political Europeans who are most 

worth watching. Gossipy, misleading in places, but along with the sauce, 

there is strong meat. 
Hitler's Reich. Macmillan, 1933 

Facts and evaluations by the editor of "Foreign Affairs." 
The League on Trial. A Journey to Geneva. Houghton, Mifflin, 1933 

Impressionistic and amusing; not serious nor reliable. 
The Policy of the United States with Respect to the League of Nations. Librairie 

Kundig, 1932. 
That Next War? Harcourt, Brace, 1931 

Read, discussed and quarreled about from end to end of Sweden. Written by a 

Swedish officer with a trained imagination. 
The Challenge of Europe. Farrar and Rinehart, 1933 

Intelligent observations from a much-challenged writer. 
South Anierica Looks at the United States. Macmillan, 192.8 

Now five years old, but presenting interesting facets of our Latin-American 

The Mind of China. Yale University Press, 1933 

Important sociological aids to understanding, presented by a competent 

The Great Offensive. GoUancz, 1933 

Russia at the beginning of the Five- Year Plan. 
Germany Enters the Third Reich. Macmillan, 1933 
Storm over Asia. Holt, i93z 

Affords glimpses which more humdrum books seldom suggest. 
Manchouh/o, Child of Conflict. Macmillan, 1933 

Welcome, if recognized as pro-Japanese. 
Nationalism and Imperialism in the Hither East. Harcourt, Brace, 1932. 

Comprehensive, detailed, accurate; shows rare penetration and impartiality. 
Hitler. Rutledge, 1933 
The United States in World Affairs in ig}2. Harper, 1933 

Meets in admirable fashion the need for a general survey of internation 

Russia and Asia. Macmillan, 1953 

Enough original and suggestive interpretation to repay almost anyone for 

reading the book. 
Far Eastern International Relations. Houghton, Mifflin, 1931 

An unrivalled review of the history of the relations of far eastern nations 

with each other and with the west. 

War Debts and World Prosperity. Century, 1932. 

Britain and the War Debts. Jenkins, 1933 

A temperate survey from the British point of view. 

Contemporary Rumania. Stanford University Press, 1932. 

The Problem of Disarmament. Carl Heymanns Verlag, 1933 
This collection of twenty papers by Germans of highest standing and com- 
petence presents the moderate and intelligent German point of view. 
, Our Genial Enemy: France. Ray Long and Richard R. Smith, 1932.. 

Interesting reading and not wholly inaccurate, though unfortunately not at 
all objective. 

International Politics. An Introduction to the Western State System. McGraw Hill, 


Not light reading but a thorough, comprehensive and excellent survey of the 
i... .- ■ general field of international relations. 
'Ty""/.^ ^""'"^ Century, 193Z 
J- ■' - Written by an opponent of communism, this book is a readable and careful 

study. A best seller in Germany. 


er, ig^} 

Alumnae News 


The Virginia Quarterly Review 

Continued from fage ;] by the fruits they bear. 
Certainly, the easiest description of 
the Qiiarterly is to recall some of the things 
it has printed. Well, it has published so- 
called "timely" articles that didn't get 
stale the next year. As early as 1930 Dr. 
Henry Pratt Fairchild had stated in clear 
terms — in "Machines Don't Buy Goods," 
■ — the basic principles on which economic 
recovery could take place, and they read 
now like an explanation of NIRA! But 
long before that — in 19^6 — J. G. de 
Roulhac Hamilton had contributed to the 
Qiiarterly an article called "These Things 
Doth the Lord Hate," which greatly an- 
noyed the still strong prohibitionists. Yet, 
to show that the Quarterly was an open 
forum, it w^as followed by a reasonably 
stated defense of prohibition by a writer 
who believed in it! There were authorita- 
tive articles on political themes, such as 
Newton D. Baker's, on "The Constitu- 
tion and Foreign Relations. ' ' By igiS there 
was a complete statement — in Joseph S. 
Davis's "The War Debt Settlements" — 
of w^hy \NC couldn't collect all the money 
we still hoped we could! 

There were critical articles dealing 
particularly with the problems of the 
South — such as "Why Cheap Labor Down 
South?" by Broadus Mitchell; and "South- 
ern Image-Breakers," by Gerald Johnson. 
There were literary essays of beauty and 
power — "Charlotte Bronte and her Sis- 
ters," by Julien Green; and "The Cruelty 
and Beauty of Words," by Sean O'Faolain. 
There were articles dealing with the arts — 
by Stark Young, on the theater; by Walter 
Pach, on painting; by Daniel Gregory 
Mason, on music; by Sherwood Anderson, 
on "J. J. Lankes and His Woodcuts." 
There were articles on the position and 
role of women in American life. There 
were biographical and historical essays of 
literary distinction. There were poems by 
writers like Robert Frost and Carl Sand- 
burg, and others by poets — then begin- 
ners — like Geoffrey Johnson and Lawrence 
Lee. There were short stories, which like 
the Quarterly's poems immediately found 
their way into the best known anthologies 
— "Silent Snow, Secret Snow," by Conrad 
Aiken; "Elephants Through the Coun- 
try," by Mary Johnston; "The Picnic," by 

Walter de la Mare. There were "literary 
finds" like unpublished letters of de 
Maupassant and of Dostoevsky. And there 
were, in every issue, competent discussions 
of the best new books. In short, the 
Virginia Quarterly for nine years has sup- 
plied a varied literary feast for its readers. 

And it is the sort of feast that appar- 
ently appeals to the nineteen-thirties 
even more than to the nineteen-twenties. 
You know the signs: a general deflation of 
ballyhoo; "codes" to regulate unscrupu- 
lous business; a lower social assessment of 
our Get-Rich-Quick Wallingfords; a 
stricter selection of students in our col- 
leges — more maturity, in short, and a 
little less fever and cheapness. That will 
mean a wider field of operation for maga- 
zines like the Virginia Quarterly. Intelli- 
gent men and women who are Southerners, 
or who have Southern interests or affilia- 
tions, will watch attentively the growth 
and development during the coming years, 
of "a national magazine published in the 
South," something that stands for the 
highest intellectual aspirations of Vir- 
ginia — and of thoughtful men and women 
throughout this country and abroad. 

Have I made it clear what sort of maga- 
zine people take, who read The Virginia 
Quarterly Revieiv? 

The hockey season has gotten off to an 
excellent start and much is expected, this 
fall, of all of the teams. The first varsity 
team has lost only one player from last 
year, a senior. The schedule for the Hockey 
Games is as follows; November 4 at Sweet 
Briar, Harrison State Teachers College. 
On November 10 and 11 the team will go 
to Westhampton to attend the Virginia- 
North Carolina Field Hockey Association 
Tournament. While there a tentative 
plan calls for a game with William and 
Mary. November 15 at Sweet Briar. 

A freshman tennis tournament is under 
way. The excessive heat of the past few 
weeks has made swimming a popular 
sport. More interest than usual is being 
shown in Archery and the tournament 
that w;ill be held on November 14 is being 
anticipated with much pleasure. 


Sweet Briar College 

October, ig^j 

Class Personals 


Elkanah East Taylor edits a delightful quarterly 
magazine of verse, "The Will O' the Wisp." She has 
also had several books of her poems published. 

Virginia Lazueby O'Hara attended the Fair while 
spending some time in Chicago this summer. 

Mabel Woolf Williams motored from her home in 
Greeley, Colorado, to Chicago this summer and 
while there attended the Century of Progress. Marv 
Herd Moore visited the Fair during the summer. 

Margaret Dalton Keith spent the summer at Roar- 
ing Gap, North Carolina. Her daughter Louise, who 
is nearly ready to enter Sweet Briar, spent the summer 
at Camp Cohechee. 


Class Secretary, Annie Powell Hodges (Mrs. Wil- 
liam T), Lakewood, Norfolk, Virginia. 

Frances Murrell Rickards with her husband, daugh- 
ter and son, has spent the summer traveling, visiting 
many places in the West and North, and closing the 
summer with a cruise to Mexico. 

Eugenia Grifhn Burnett visited the Exposition at 
Chicago with her son and daughter. Her son entered 
the Episcopal High School at Alexandria this fall, 
and her daughter is already old enough to begin to 
anticipate Sweet Briar. 

Annie Cummock Miller, who lives here in Norfolk, 
leads a very busy life with her two daughters, fifteen 
and seventeen. Annie seems to have taken a drink 
from the fountain of youth, for she looks almost as 
young as the girls. 

I haven't seen Louise Hooper Ewell since the terrific 
storm at Virginia Beach, but Frances Rickards told me 
that she suffered no great material damage. Louise is 
so resourceful I know she will find a way to make the 
best of even that storm. 

Helen Schulte Tenney, ex '10, has both a son and 
daughter in Duke University. 

In August w'hen I was visiting in Loudoun County 
I had a visit from Margaret Potts Williams, Academy, 
and her husband. Margaret and I, who hadn't seen 
each other since those very early Sweet Briar days, 
spent a long time doing the expected thing, each 
assuring the other that she hadn't changed. Finally 
we were frank enough to each other to admit that the 
other had changed greatly for the better! Margaret 
lives in New York but was spending the summer with 
her mother in Shepherdstown, West Virginia. 



Class Secretary, Josephine Murray Joslin (Mrs. J. 
Whitman, Jr.), 3X S. William Street, Johnstown, 
New York. 

Claudine Griffin Holcomb, ex '11, spent some time 
in Chicago this summer and attended the Century of 

Ruth Uoyd, ex '11, spent some time in Chicago this 
summer and while there she attended the Fair. 


Class Secretary, Elsie Zaegel Thomas (Mrs. L C), 
2.00 Euclid Avenue, Sheboygan, Wisconsin. 


Class Secretary, Elizabeth Grammer Torrey (Mrs. 
Donald F.), 530 Brookhurst Avenue, Narbetli, Penn- 

I'm supposed to glean news of you all for four issues 
a year. I wish each of you would send me a postal by 
the fifteenth of No\ ember, which will be in time for 
the December issue. I enjoyed so much the letters and 
postals I received I wish I could answer each one, but 
I'll try and pass on the news I got. Several came too 
late for the June number. 

Mary T\ler Cole wrote me from Potomac Beach, 
Virginia. Her daughter, Jane, graduated from the 
high school there this June. Mary has moved around 
so much we lost track of her — please don't escape us 

Mayo Thach Kline's friends will be distressed to 
hear of her sorrow in the death of her husband, which 
occurred June 2.1 in New York City. Mayo and her 
two children spent the summer in a cottage near 
Frances Richardson Pitcher at Londondern,-, Vermont. 

Eugenia Buffington Wolcott writes me that she saw 
several old Sweet Briar friends who came to the 
Exposition and stopped to see her. She mentioned 
Carina Eaglesfield Mortimer, Academy, Eugenia 
Griffin Burnett '10, and Claudine Griffin Holcomb, ex 
'11. She spent a day on campus this fall. 

Our summer was spent at Echo Lake, Pennsylvania. 
I was feeling so badly our two boys were each sent to 
camp for one month and I went on a rigid diet and rest 
regime to get rid of my arthritis. I am much better 
but still struggling. Do send me a card by the middle 
of November for news for the December number. All 
news is interesting. 


Bessie Grammer Torrey. 


Reunion 1934. 

Due to the resignation of your Class Secretary, 
which arrived the day we went to press, a new one 
will be appointed. Your former Secretary, Henrietta 
Washburn, has joined the staff of St. Katharine's 
School in Davenport, Iowa. 

Bessie Carothers Whayne, ex '14, attended the Fair 
while visiting in Chicago this summer. 


Class Secretary, Harriet Evans Wychoff (Mrs. G. 
Bernard), 3152. S. Street, N.W., Washington, D. C. 

Frances Pennypacker spent her summer vacation 
attending the Century of Progress. 

Jessie Rucker, ex '15, spent the early part of the 
summer at the Fair. 


Class Secretary, Felecia Patton, Beechmoor 
Catlettsburg, Kentucky. 

Dear Class of 1516 — The daily dozens of a too tidy 
janitor at Sweet Briar sent the last quarter's news 
scuttling into the trash basket. Those few but precious 
items were bought with a price of a little time, some 
energy and lots of gentle persuasion. But fortunately 
they are still fresh and spicy for this next quarter and I 

October, ig^j 

Alumnae News 


have luckily mustered a few more newsy bits to tack 
on to these. Would that there were a few more but 
alas! my pleas this quarter, as of last, brought few 

Connie Russell Chamberlain, the Connie of 1916 
running true to form, cleverly submits the following 
to its potential and future existence. "I. Louise Ben- 
nett, ex room-mate at that. If I don't hear from you in 
three months I shall publish what I think of you. The 
kindest part of it will be that you are wasted on a 
good husband and probably an indifferent cook. 
II. Rebecca Stout, Margaret Banister, Lynne Brown 
and Rachael Forbush, ex '16, %vhat you think about 
me is absolutely untrue. You don't understand the 

I should also like to dangle such a threat as Connie 
does to Louise in Number I: — Margaret Banister, Jean 
Stockdale, Lynne Brown, Antoinette Camp, Rebecca 
Stout — if I don't hear from you the next quarter I shall 
send you a letter postage due. At least won't you con- 
tribute to the agony column ? 

Now for real news. Connie's daughter, Betsy, age 
12., will be ready for Sweet Briar at 16. Her older son, 
Rodman, will go to Williams, and Stephen, age 5, is 
not yet concerned w'ith his choice of a college. Connie 
reports that she feels that she has written a detailed 
descriptionof herself when she records on the censor's 
sheet, "C.B. Chamberlain, housewife." 
""Ellen Howison Christian writes from Staunton, 
"I really have some news for you; at least, it is news 
and very thrilling news, from my point of view. Prob- 
ably no one else will think much of it. My husband 
and I have bought a farm and he is starting a training 
kennel for bird dogs and a game farm. There is a 
fascinating old house, nearly one hundred years old on 
it, badly in need of repair but with wonderful pos- 
sibilities. It is situated in the western part of Augusta 
Countv, right in one of the valleys of the Alleghany 
mountains and includes a boundary of 570 acres." 
Ellen's enthusiasm over becoming a farmer's wife and 
doing all the things one does as such is most re- 
freshing. "I think I want to let the cream rise on the 
crocks and skim it off with a ladle instead of having a 
separator," etc. 

Mary Pennypacker Davis, husband, and three 
sturdy sons have just returned to their home in 
Orange, New Jersey, after a summer spent at Camp in 
New York. Bill and Dick, the two older boys, are in 
the first and second grades at school but Jim, the 
youngest, is still entertaining his parents at home. 

Louise Bennett Lord contends the Lord family 
should be crossed off as a total loss as to news but all 
of us who were at Sweet Briar during Louise's four 
years will heartily enjoy her letter written in the true 
Bennett style. "We have lived in the same house in 
the same town, Englewood, New Jersey, for ten years. 
I have four children, all boys. Bennett, Jimmy, Teddy 
and Peter. Bennett and Jimmy were away at school 
last winter at the Litchfield School, Litchfield, Con- 
necticut. This past summer we have spent at Paris, 
Maine (not France), where we have led a truly rural 
life. I am afraid this is about all there is to tell about 
me and mine. I am sorry not to provide you with any 
rich, racy material for the magazine in the confessions 
of a True Stories' style but alas — my husband doesn't 
run around with his stenographer, I have no fireside 
companion, and my children are too little to be called 
the younger generation." 

In closing let me remind you again. Class of 1916, of 
the impending calamity that will befall you if your 
response is missing at the next quarter's request for 
news. Begin planning now your contribution to 
Connie's agony column and mail them to me any time 
before November ^5. 

Esther Roberts Blatchford, ex '16, Alice Dick 
Webster, ex '16, and Helen Browne Hobart, ex '16, 
all managed to attend the Fair. 

Felecia Patton. 


Class Secretary, Virginia Sandmeyer Hudson 
(Mrs. John H.), 1007 North Main Street, CarroUton, 

Martha Darden Ziesing, accompanied by her 
children, spent a month visiting her parents at their 
cottage at Virginia Beach. 

Polly Bissell Ridler, accompanied by her children, 
attended the Fair this summer. 

Rachale Lloyd Holton, accompanied by her sons, 
also visited the Fair during the summer, as did Helen 
Barr Fry, ex '17. 


Class Secretary, Margaret McVey, 1417 Grove 
Avenue, Richmond. 

Louise Case McGuire and Vivienne Barkalow 
Breckenridge attended the Century of Progress this 
summer, as did Louise Jones Reager, ex '18, and 
Dorothy Harrison, ex '18. 

Cornelia Carroll Gardner is now living at 
Annapolis, Maryland, where her husband is stationed . 


Class Secretary, Louise Hammond Skinner (Mrs. 
Frederick H.), 333 57th Street, Newport News, 

Rosanne Gilmore spent several week-ends this sum- 
mer on the island of Ballast in Put-in-Bay. Rachael 
Lloyd Holton, '17, and Polly Bissel Ridler, '17, and 
their families were with her during the latter part of 
the summer. 

Elizabeth Hodge Markgraf attended the Exposition 
this summer. 


Class Secretary, Dorothy Wallace, 4004 Roundtop 
Road, Northwood, Baltimore. 
Dear Nineteen-Twenties — 

During the past year your secretary has had the 
pleasure of seeing several of our members and also 
other members of the Sweet Briar family. In a little 
car I travel around on my way from Indiana to Balti- 
more, where I have been teaching chemistry at 
Goucher College for the last six years. I enjoy my 
work here very much, like the girls, and my associates 
in our department, and Baltimore is a very interesting 
city. There are also a number of Sweet Briar women 
here, and sometime I'll tell you of them. 

This spring I found Nancy Hanna in the chemistry 
lab at the U. S. Bureau of Standards in Washington. 
She runs analyses on various samples of rubber, and 
reports to the government just which ones are up to 
standard. Nancy doesn't seem to look any fatter, 
slimmer or older than she did in 192.0. Maybe we can 
account for this through her interest in her work, and 
one of her chief recreations. Instead of taking her 

Sweet Briar College 

October, ig^j 

yearly month's vacation all at one time, she takes a 
little each month. Nancy "rides to the hounds" out 
in Fairfax County, Virginia, not far from Washington. 
Of course she is devoted to her horse which she keeps 
at a Hunt Club out there, and this sport would surely 
keep anyone "in the pink" of condition. 

Helen Beeson Comer has been living in MaysviUe, 
Kentucky, for over a year. She wrote a most inter- 
esting letter telling of her four months old daughter 
who "is fast growing up, and plump as a partridge." 
She says young Miss Comer seems like a live doll to 
her but she supposes "that when she begins to cut 
teeth in earnest that beautiful dream will fade, and 
she'll be just another baby." Also Helen fears the 
baby will be spoiled since she is surrounded by an 
adoring grandfather, grandmother, and her impartial 
(?) parents. Wouldn't you all like to sec a snapshot of 
Helen and her baby? Let's hope she will send us one. 

Helen Johnston Jones is a busy person. Sad to relate, 
I didn't get to see her, but I talked to her. Helen's son, 
six years of age, is one of her main interests and oc- 
cupations. But Helen is busy in other ways. She has 
completed two years as president of the Junior League, 
and is at present active in the Women's organization 
for National Prohibition Reform, as well as helping to 
organize the Parents' League in Richmond. 

Gertrude Kintzing Wiltshire lives in Richmond 
also. Luckily she was at home when I stopped for a 
minute's chat with her. And her four children were 
there, too. Betty Jeane, the oldest, is nine, and surely 
resembles Trude. The other three children are boys, 
the youngest only two. So you can imagine that time 
doesn't hang heavily over "Trude. 

Elizabeth Eggleston wasn't home when I stopped 
in Hampden-Sidney, Virginia. She was up in New 
England in May, and she had been to Florida during 
the winter. She is fine and happily busy and interested 
in living, as the little "Globe Theatre" of which you 
have read in the Alumn.^e News, gives ample evi- 
dence. And now she is one of the faculty for a chil- 
dren's school just outside Hampden-Sidney. The 
folder telling about it sounded so interesting that I 
hope it will prove to be a great success. 

A letter from Marie Wiener Manz tells of her inter- 
esting life in Nice, France. She says, "Here in our 
little bookstore I am kept very occupied, but the work 
gives me much pleasure. In the winter I teach in a 
private school, drilling spoiled American children or 
English children in their three R's. Then, too, I teach 
English conversation to foreign children, and have 
had many delightful experiences in this field. Our two 
children are on the beach all day long and are as 
healthy as can be. Sometime I hope, in the not very 
far future, to visit Sweet Briar and see with my own 
eyes what changes have taken place." 

Isabel Webb Luff was "interviewed" while we were 
in Cleveland. She had been back at Sweet Briar for 
Commencement, and I wished I could have stayed 
longer to hear of the events at that time. She and 
Howard are both fine, and their example should en- 
courage some of us spinsters who are wary of the sea 
of matrimony. 

Mary Virginia Crabbs Shaw was at home one after- 
noon this summer when I w-ent over to Crawfords- 
viUe. TuUy, aged six, is going to school, and getting 
quite grown up. Noble Jr., who is a rosy-cheeked 
young blond of two, is a lovely child. He was very 
interested in father's roses which were beautiful, 
while Tully was busy at the slide and the sand pile. 

and his swanky little auto. Mary Virginia is still 
interested in helpful community projects just as she 
was at Sweet Briar. It is always such a pleasure to be 
with M.V. and Noble, and I regret that vacations 
seem so full that I don't get to see them more. 

Katherine Armstrong Lawrence, ex 'lo, and I failed 
to make connections. At the time I hoped to stop in 
Chicago to see her my plans were changed. When I 
went to Chicago again, Katherine and her husband 
were away on a vacation, so I hope to tell you more of 
Katherine another time. 

Lucille Barrow Turner, ex 'lo, of Lynchburg has 
three children to give her food for thought and action. 
But the versatile Louise has completed a year as presi- 
dent of the Junior League. She had a leading part in 
the Follies given last winter, and she has been singing 
over the radio for several years. 

Now, Twenties, if you will write me something 
about yourselves, you can give all of us a great deal of 
pleasure. It is quite probable that I shall see some 
Sweet Briar people every year, but if I don't see or hear 
from you, I'll have to write about those I have seen. 
If any of you are going to be in Baltimore or vicinity 
please let me know. Or in the summer — Veedersburg, 
Indiana is the address. So please help me to make this 
a real letter for the members of the class of Twenty. 

Dorothy Wallace. 

Class Secretary, Maynette Rozelle Stephenson 
(Mrs. James A.), iixo Hillcrest Road, South Bend, 

Your secretary would like to thank everyone who 
responded to the plea for June items. The fact that our 
letter was one of those accidentally burned seems to 
have discouraged everyone, for our summer mail has 
been light. Please make an effort to send in some news 
before November 15. 

Mad Shidler Olney of South Bend toured east with 
her husband this past summer, visiting her brother, 
Arthur, in Philadelphia. When she returned home, 
Mike Thompson Wynne spent a few days with her. 
Mike drove west with Dorothy Wallace, 'to. Mike 
has a young son, Bobby, aged nine and a curly haired 
daughter, Alice, aged seven. 

Josephine Ahara MacM .Ian and her husband drove 
from their home in Chapel Hill to The Century of 

Dorothy Cerf Bailey, ex 'xi, attended the Fair this 
summer as did Marion North Lewin, ex 'xi. 

Your secretary is writing this in Boston after a 
motor trip to Montreal and Quebec. Before going 
home to South Bend both Tim Loney Benson, 'ii, and 
Elmyra Pennypacker Cox, '2.0, are going to have a 

A one year s subscription to "The 
Brambler" may be obtained by 
sending $x.5o to Mary McCallum 
Brambler Circulation Manager, 
Sweet Briar, Virginia. 

This Ad is sponsored by the 
Alumnae Association. 

October, i^}j 

Alumnae News 


Class Secretary, Burd Dickson Stevenson (Mrs. 
Frederick J.), 60S Maple Lane, Shields, Pennsylvania. 

Mrs. Maurice Henkels (Helen Anderson to you) sat 
herself down and answered our pitiable plea for ne%vs 
on moving day — not only nice but noble, I calls it. 
Helen and husband (who is a buyer of wool for Forte, 
Dupee and Sawyer Co.) are moving from Boston to 
the more attractive suburbs. Their address will be 31 
Morseland Avenue, Newton Centre, Massachusetts, 
and friends are urged to call. The new home sounds 
most attractive — a quaint yellow clapboard house in 
an apple orchard — and as the Henkels spend their 
spare moments antiquing, we can't wait to see the 
interior — and Helen. Helen has been teaching 
"Methods of Teaching" for two years at Simmons 
College, Boston, but is giving up the profession in 
June. And for that she gets another star, for we 
haven't heard of anyone voluntarily giving up any- 
thing that paid money for a long, long time. 

Mrs. James Slocum, 1308 West Minnehaha, Park- 
way, may mean nothing to some of you ignorant 
lassies, but should you go to said Parkway and shout 
loudly for Mrs. Slocum — May Earl herself would 
appear. Don't do your shouting for a few weeks, be- 
cause May, by this time, is on her way to Quebec via 
the White Mountains, leaving two small Slocums, 
Jimmy (aged 3) and Bobby (one year) parked with 
' "Grandma. ' ' Jim Slocum is one of a national group of 
wholesale grocers who supply the Red and White 
Stores, and we are planning to discover immediately 
why he hasn't supplied us with a few on the side. 
After all, w-e have our rights — and appetites. May tells 
us of a splendid way to initiate new members to Sweet 
Briar Clubs — make them President. But why was that 
never thought of before? 

The beautiful Miss Gertrude (Dally, if your memo- 
ries are short) has now completed her second year of 
eurythmics and if you want to know she's just as 
muscle bound as ever). Eurythmics is a cross between 
dancing in the dell a la Lillias Shepherd and a workout 
under Miss Gascoigne — it seems to us a thing to keep 
away from, but Miss Dell must get something out of 
it for she's complained of Charlie Horse every Wednes- 
day for the last two years. Also Miss Gertrude has 
taken practically every course in Economics at Car- 
negie Institute of Technology. Dr. McC could tell 
her nothing — well practically nothing. Also she plays 
the piano better 'n better. Too many accomplish- 
ments, that gal, we're thinking of drowning her. She 
visited Fran Simpson Upson, '2.1, not long ago and 
one of her (Gert's) beaus sent them both corsages. On 
second thought, we'll ask her to visit us instead of 

Miss Menk is so insistent in her protests that she's 
been doing nothing interesting that we are convinced 
she is "up to something." We will do a little sleuth- 
ing in your interests and give you the dirt in our next. 
All she will admit to is working in a gift shop in 
Pittsburgh for a short time and visiting Helen Gans, 
'13, in Columbus. More later — Hawkshaw is out! 

Sadie Morris, believe it or not, is a full fledged 
lawyer. She studied law at New York University Law 
School and graduated with the degree of J.D., which 
means that when she marches at a Sweet Briar Com- 
mencement, she will wear the gold tassel cap and the 
velvet taffeta robe. We think friend Sadie deserves 
about 9,000 cheers. Not onlv have we no velvet taffeta 

robe, but we haven't any robe at all — it was borrowed 
by some maid for a negligee — have to run one up in 
dotted Swiss before we can sneak along behind Sadie. 
Not content with the gold tassel, Sadie passed her 
State Bar exam the first time and is now associated 
with Arthur Garfield Hayes, of Scopes Monkey fame, 
at 43 Exchange Place. She is most enthusiastic about 
her work, w-hich consists of handling estates, getting 
divorces for those who want them, trying cases before 
juries, etc. We don't need any divorces, Sadie, but 
couldn't we sue somebody for something? 

Mierke has been very dramatic lately. She has been 
on the board of the Shaker Village Players — Vice- 
President in fact — last year she was Secretary, a 
glutton for work, that gal. The Shaker Village Players 
give three public productions a year and three one-acts 
every month. Mierke played a high yella' gal in a one- 
act, "The Melancholy Dame," in October. Directed 
another one-act in January. In February, she was co- 
director of a mystery comedy, "The Wasp's Nest," 
with weird lighting effects and very tricky staging. 
Last month the players put on '"Ten Nights in a 
Barroom" — cast it Saturday and played it Monday — 
believe it or not. And in June Mierke is playing Sara 
in Donald Ogden Stuart's "Rebound." Did I say a 
glutton for work? Oh yes, this may be old news to 
some of you, last year, she and Kay Klumph, '14, 
danced in the ballet of the summer opera in Cleveland, 
four numbers in "Carmen" and two in "Aida," two 
performances of each opera — and six weeks of hard 
work before training under Charles Weidman. 

Beulah, you know, has been working for several 
years at the Children's Bureau in Cleveland, placing 
children in good homes. The work must be very inter- 
esting and Beulah is a great success. It is alleged that 
she gave up the work at one time and decided to sit 
down peacefully and enjoy herself, but the Children's 
Bureau couldn't get along without her and sent out an 
SOS. Beulah came hurrying back and has been there 
ever since. Wonder if she still has nightmares — do you 
Beul? You'd better answer the next time we write for 
news or we will write something about you. 

Trot Neidlinger and Pudge bought an old house in 
Cohasset, Massachusetts. It's called the Old Corner 
House, built in 1746, and what Trot and Pudge per- 
sonally did to its interior is miraculous. They've 
started now to landscape the yard in a big way — the 
yard had apple trees (sounds like a disease) to start 
with and they have added stone terraces, lawns, 
flower beds, etc. Trot says she wore out a pair of 
gloves, planting. The Neidlingers really sound in- 
decently energetic to us — even the twins planted ten 
lumps of sugar. Pudge is an architect and "architects" 
in Boston, but every Fall he coaches hockey for three 
months in Princeton, so they get a change of scene. 
Smart arrangement. They have three especially elegant 
daughters, Mary Ann is about five and the twins, 
Sally and Susan, w-ill be four this fall. They are an- 
gelic looking and plenty smart. 

We are being pressed for news of the Frederick 
Stevensons and we have learned that they, too, have 
bettered themselves by moving to the suburbs. In 
doing so, they exchanged three layers of crooked 
concrete steps, an old cherry tree stump and three 
locust trees that dropped branches on innocent by- 
standers at unexpected moments for three large apple 
trees, a cherry tree, a terrace and an antique fountain 
(so called). The apple trees have a few holes in them 
but thev get properly whitj and smelly at the right 


Sweet Briar College 


er, 19}} 

moment and are quite satisfactory. The Stevensons 
have one daughter, Burd Blair, who was three in June, 
— a most remarlcabie child. 

The above spicy items sound a bit stale, being 
written for the June issue. The copy sent at that time 
was lost along with the reports from several other 
classes; Massey burned them in an attack of neatness. 
The fire was a good place for this, no doubt, but 
having an extra copy in the home we refuse to rewrite 

Alice Guion Babcock was married on September 9 
to Mr. Charles I. Simons. They will continue to live in 
Columbia, South Carolina. 

The York Wilsons (Minnie Long) have seven 
children — York II, 9 years; Minnie S; Ale.xander 6; 
Eleanor 5, Blackburn 4; Oscar 1; Suzanna 6 months; 
and that must surely be the record for 'ii. The Wilsons 
have been shuttling back and forth between Rocking- 
ham, North Carolina, where they have a cotton mill 
and Rock Hill, South Carolina, where they have 
another cotton mill, a few months in each place to 
give said cotton mills a little first aid during the de- 
pression. Editorially speaking, if we had seven